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AFFAIRS OF IRELAND.

Art. 26. A View of the prefent State of Ireland. Containing Obfervations on the following Subjects, viz. Its Dependance,Linen Trade,-Provifion Trade,-Woollen Manufactory,-Coals, Fishery, Agriculture, Of Emigration,-Import Trade of the City of Dublin,-Effect of the prefent Mode of raising the Revenue, on the Health and Happiness of the people,-the Revenue, a National Bank,-and an Abfentee Tax. Intended for the Confideration of Parliament, on the approaching Enlargement of the Trade of that Kingdom. To which is added, a Sketch of fome of the principal Characters in the Irish House of Commons. 8vo. I s. 6 d. Faulder. 1780.

Those who may require information on the very interesting and important fubjects which are difcuffed in this elaborate, well digefted, and well written performance, will meet with great fatisfaction in perufing it. It is worth an hundred of the flimfy invectives, commonly produced by political-efpecially national, difputes. Art. 27. A Letter to the People of Ireland. In which are included, fome cursory Obfervations on the Effect of a Union. 8vo. 1 s. 6d. Faulder. 1779.

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Strenuously recommends a general written afsociation of the people of Ireland, in fupport of their trade, particularly the woollen manufactures, as the only defirable, fafe, and effectual mode of redreffing their grievances, and making their country flourish. An affociation of this national kind, the Propofer obferves, is a meafure wonderfully calculated to unite all defcriptions of men, and to infpire that union. It is not a question about the power of the crown, in which the Whig might take one fide and the Tory another. It is not a question about the liberties of the people, in which the Diffenters might go farther, perhaps, than the Roman Catholics; nor is it about the plunder of government, where the majority of parliament might be on one fide, and the majority of the people on the other; but it is that question where Whig and Tory, Diffenter and Roman Catholic, Country Gentleman and Courtier, must agrees they must unite to prefer property to poverty, and trade to the want pf it.'

The Author ftates the objections that will, probably, be made to this great and important defign, and answers them. He feems to expect nothing from the juftice or generofity of England. There is, fays he, no fuch thing as political humanity; or, if the fentiment did exift, it is not likely to be found in a country of commerce.'

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Some parts of this pamphlet are written with fpirit, and the whole with judgment. Art. 28. A Letter to the Right Honourable the Earl of Hillsborough, Secretary of State for the Southern Department, on the prefent State of Affairs in Ireland; and An Address to the People of that Kingdom. 8vo. I S. Bew. 1779.

Warm declamation, in fupport of the claims of Ireland.

Art. 29. An Inquiry, how far the Reftrictions laid upon the Trade of Ireland, by British Acts of Parliament, are a Benefit or Difadvantage to the British Dominions in general, and to England in particular, for whofe feparate Advantage they were ob

tained

tained. By Sir James Caldwell, Bart. 8vo. Is. 6d. Becket, &c. 1779

The general purport of this treatife, is to fhew, that the reftrictions which England has laid upon the trade of Ireland, with a view to her own particular advantage, have a contrary effect,-or, at least, that they are difadvantageous to the nation, as an aggregate, including England and Ireland.' Sir James appears to be intimately converfant with the fabject; and he treats it in a judicious, difpaffionate, and intelligent manner.

POETICAL.

Art. 30. Miscellaneous Poems. By Mr. Ewan Clark. 8vo.

Whitehaven. Ware and Son.

The numerous lift of fubfcribers prefixed to thefe poems, may be confidered as no bad proof of the estimation in which Mr. Clark is held by those who are acquainted with him: but, whether it is as a man or a poet, they who fubfcribed will be the best judges themselves. We fear his poetry alone would not have intitled him to such distinc

tion.

Art. 31. The House of Commons: of, Debates in St. Giles's Chapel. 4to. 2s. 6d. Fielding.

We muft fay of thefe poetical converfations in the fews, what we faid of the poem on Bagnigge-Wells (in our Review for September laft, p. 235.) that the Author feems happily converfant with his noble fubject. Of his abilities, a specimen was given, in the account of Bagnigge Wells, here referred to. Art. 32. The dying Hero. A Poem. Is. Flexney, &c. 1779.

By Mr. Shepherd. 4to.

on

The principal intention of the Poem before us, is to fhew what foundation ftands the warrior's pride.' With this view, the dying hero, Palermo, is introduced as mortally wounded in battle. Roderick, the monarch, under whofe banners he fights, endeavours to confole him, bý promifing to build a temple to his memory; or if, adds he,

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-Revenge your fiercer wifh implies,

Yon ravaged realms fhall pay the dear-bought facrifice. Rejecting thefe offers, he requefts a refpite from death, and that he may

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-charge once more in glory's crimson field.

Finding from the monarch's reply, that he had, as we may fuppofe, no power over the grave, he then bids him to prepare

Some glorious manfion of eternal joy,

Secure from change and free from all alloy.

Roderick, fenfible that the regions of eternal joy made no part of his dominions, tries to divert his anxiety, by hinting that the foul might poffibly perifh with the body. Far from being convinced, he demands more fubftantial proof, than what is drawn from conjecture," that the foul is not immortal: but perceiving by the monarch's downcaft looks,

How vainly spent his life, his prayer how vain, He very wifely and pioufly concludes with old Wolfey,

"Oh had I ferved my God with half the care
"I ferved my prince, that God had heard my prayer."

Such

Such are the outlines of the dying Hero. It will be doing no injuftice to the Writer to obferve, that, though his poem may contain many good lines, it is, upon the whole, a crude and hafty performance: in few refpects equal to what might be expected from the known abilities of the ingenious Author.

MEDICA L.

Art. 33. Synopfis Medica, or, A Short View of the Modern Practice of Phyfic: with a Pharmacopoeia Extemporanea. In 2 Vols. Vol. I. 12mo. 6s. Bew. 1779.

A catchpenny publication, copied chiefly from Dr. Cullen's First Lines, and other works: the fubftance of which, the inftructed reader will perufe much more to his fatisfaction in the original writings; and the uninftructed will not be able to comprehend in any form. The judgment and understanding of this compiler may be eftimated from the following claufe. Speaking of the meafles, he fays, they attack with rigor; inftead of a rigour or fhivering. Art. 34. An Anfwer to Baron Dimfdale's Review of Dr. Lett fom's Obfervations on the Baron's Remarks, refpecting a Letter upon General Inoculation. By John Coakley Lettfom, M. D. F. R. S. and S. A. 8vo. Dilly, &c. 1779.

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More perfonal altercation, of a very difagreeable kind. We fincerely wish this may be the last publication in this very unimportant and degrading fquabble.

Art. 35. Confiderations on the Propriety of a Plan for Inoculating the Poor of London at their own Habitations; with a View, particularly, to the Arguments urged in Defence of it, by the Author of a late anonymous Letter to Dr. J. C. Lettfom. 8vo. 6 d. Baldwin, &c. 1779.

In our laft Month's Review, fpeaking of the letter to which this. publication is an answer, we gave it as our opinion, that the Author had hit upon the grand and folid argument upon which promifcuous inoculation was to be defended; and notwithstanding the prefent Writer has raised plaufible objections to feveral points in the Letterwriter's reafoning, we fill think the fame. If there were any plan, public or private, for preventing the Spread of the small-pox in London, we acknowledge, that interfering with it by unguarded inoculation would be highly culpable and injurious; but while the people in general are left to all the hazards of natural contagion, which fooner or later they must fall a prey to, we cannot but think, that snatching a great number of them from the dangers of the disease by inoculation, will much more than compenfate any bad confequences from diffufing, or rather anticipating the infection. It appears evident to us, that the caufe why inoculation has already fo little benefited the public, has been the want of an eafy introduction of it among the poor; and till fome better plan than that of the Society is propofed, we cannot fee the propriety of debarring the most numerous and ufeful clafs of people from its advantages. Hofpitals, in a place like' London, are utterly inadequate to the purpofe. It would, however, be worth the confideration of the Society, whether, by inoculating only at certain seasons, or in certain districts where the natural disease

already

already prevails, they might not more effectually obviate all the objections of their opponents.

Art. 36. A Synopfis of a Course of Lectures on Anatomy and Surgery. By Magnus Falconar, Surgeon, and Profeffor of Anatomy. 8vo. 6s. bound. Longman, &c. 1778.

In order to fave young ftudents the trouble of perufing treatifes of anatomy; to give them a knowledge of all the technical terms used in the science; and to remove the neceffity of taking notes in time of lecture, a practice peculiarly hurtful where the eyes ought to be continually employed, as in anatomical demonftrations; Mr. Falconar printed thefe very copious heads of lectures, which contain a full and complete reference to every object defcribed or exhibited, and every opinion advanced, either fpeculative or practical, during his courfe. The utility of fuch a work to ftudents must be obvious; and it may prove very ferviceable to thofe who have gone through their ftudies, in order, occafionally, to renew in their minds, ideas which ought to be familiar to every medical practitioner. MISCELLANEOUS.

Art. 37. Characteristic Strictures; or, Remarks on upwards of 100 Portraits of the most eminent Perfons in the Counties of Lancaster and Chester; particularly in the Town and Neighbourhood of Manchefter. Now fuppofed to be on Exhibition. Addreffed to John Aftley, Efq; of Duckinfield-Lodge. In Imitation of a late ingenious Publication, entitled, Sketches from Nature*. Interfperfed with critical and explanatory Notes. 4to. 2s. 6d. Millidge. 1779.

With refpect to the pieces that form the prefent exhibition, it is but juftice to acknowledge, that many of them are truly characteriftic of the different mafters whofe works they are fuppofed to be. How far it is defenfible, thus to compel them to exhibit before the public, is what we fhall not take upon us to determine: we cannot, however, but think, that to gratify perfonal fpleen at the expence of private character, is mean and ungenerous.

Art. 38. Hiftoire d'un Pou François, &c.-The History of a

French Loufe, or the Spy, of a new Species, in France and England; containing Pictures of the most interefting Characters of the Two Kingdoms, and affording a Key to the principal Events which have happened in the Year 1779, as well as of those which are to happen in 1780. 8vo. 3 s. Paris. Imported by Becket, London.

The French Loufe is produced on the head of a woman of pleafare; but is foon obliged to abandon the place of his nativity by a peftilential diforder, arifing from the exhalation of certain mineral vapours, which infected and defolated the whole country. After a variety of adventures, scarce worth relating, he becomes acquainted with the Queen of France, Madamoifelle D'Eon, Dr. Franklin, M. De Sartine, the Duke of Richmond, and Lord Shelburne. Inhabiting the neighbourhood of the brain, the Loufe difcovers the moft fecret thoughts that pafs in the minds of these diftinguished perfonages. We cannot venture to fay, that the difcovery is of much

See Review for June, p, 474.

confequence.

confequence. The Loufe has a great deal of ill-nature, a great deal of impiety, and very little wit.

N. B. A tranflation into English is published.

Art. 39. Cafh Tables at Five Pounds and Fifteen per cent. on the Duties of Excife and Malt. Alfo at 2 and 1 per Cent. or 6d. and 3 d. per Pound, chargeable on Eftates, Goods, and Effects, fold by way of Auction. Calculated with the greatest Exactness, from a Farthing to a Pound, at one View, and from one Pound to Ten Thoufand, to the Hundredth Part of a Farthing. Defigned chiefly for the Officers, &c. belonging to the Excife, and allo for the Ufe of Auctioneers and others. By John Cross, Clerk to Benjamin Willis, Efq; Collector of Excife for Durham Collection. Is. Newcastle upon Tyne, printed. London, Sold by Johnfon. 1779:

Thefe Tables will, undoubtedly, be useful to thofe for whom they are intended.

Art. 40. Rules for

reading Italian. By John Povoleri. 4to. I s. Cadell, &c.

These rules contain nothing of importance, that is not to be met with in every common Grammar.

LA W.

Art. 41. The Law of Outlawry, and Practice in Civil Actions. By Thomas Legge. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Baldwin. 1779.

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Mr. Legge difcovers a vehement anxiety to revive the old law and practice of outlawry, in all its rigors, and to arm it with all its antient feverity. But as he confeffes, that the prefent practice is confonant to general precedent for fome time laft paft,' it is not very likely that he will infpire many of his readers with the fame zeal. Outlawry (fays this eloquent attorney) in a civil action, at leaft, is become a fhadow inftead of a fubstance, and though originally intended as an especial handmaid, is now become a common proftitute to the fuitors; and the King's prerogative and intereft therein thereby totally loft; and of thefe proceedings, we apprize the Attorney General (who by duty is bound to preferve every prerogative of the crown), that he take heed that that which appertains to this matter (although it feems little more than an ideal one) be not suffered to be annihilated by his not being party to reverfals, &c.'

We cannot honestly fay, that we with our Author much fuccefs in this attempt to refufcitate the prerogative of the crown: nor do we imagine, that the Attorney-General, and other law-officers, would be inattentive to its emolument, and their own fees, unless the furtherance of civil juftice required a relaxation of ancient strictness.

So much as to the defign and tendency of this work. With refpe&t to the execution, Mr. Legge has bestowed a confiderable degree of attention to it, and collected many useful cafes on the fubject. As a Writer, he is fometimes cenfurable for an unfeasonable profufion of words on matters that are not fufceptible of ornament, and that require only plainnefs and precision.

SCHOOL-BOOKS.

Art. 42. A Treatise on the Elegance of the Latin Tongue. Wherein Rules upon every Part of Speech, the most obvious in good Authors, and the most neceffary to be known, are fet forth in the

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