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a few chains; and we apprehend, that they cannot have cost less than one million sterling : perhaps considerably more.
We have observed a mistake or two in this plan; one of which ought, particularly, to be corrected, viz. Burslem, in Staffordshire, famous for its Earthenware Manufacture, is placed on the wrong side of the canal.
For N O V E M BER, 1779.
, POLITICAL Art. 15. A Letter from Lieutenant General Burgoyne to bis Confi.
tuents, on his late Refignation; with the Correipondences between the Secretaries of War and him, relative to his Return to America.
8vo. 1S. Almon. 1779. M ENERAL Burgoyne here to use the words of one of his
W Answerers) recapitulates his fervices, his endeavours, his expectations, and his disappointments; and he addresses his parliamentary constituents, the freemen of Preston, in such terms, as he may apprehend to be belt suited to conciliate their regards, and secure their interests, at the next election. His style is such as may be ex. pected from a man whose feelings are unusually irritated, and his refentment warm. He considers the ministry as the plotters of his destruction, and he even goes so far as to declare, that the ruin of officers forms almost the whole of their military system.'-But, surely, this is rather the language of despair and fa&ion, than of a sober and TRULY PATRIOTIC opposition po the measures of an incompetent or wicked adminiftration ! Art. 16. A Letter to General Burgoyne, on his Letter to his Con.
ftituents. 8vo, 18. . Becket. Contains many just strictures on the General s letter, but is written with too much acrimony. Instead of the liberal manner of a gentleman, the Writer aftacks Mr, Burgoyne with the ferocity of one of his own savages, reeking and hot from the murder of poor Miss Macray. Art. 17. A Reply to Lieutenant General Burgoyne's Letter to his
Conftituents. 8vo. 18. Wilkie. This answerer merits commendation for the decent and candid Itraia in which he writes. He does not, like the General's antagonist above mentioned, assail with a blunted tomahawk. His weapons are of a finer polish, and keener edge. He does not hew and chop like a butcher. He cuts up like a skilful surgeon ; and diffects his subject with the dexterity of an able anatomist.–The following half of a parallel between the case of Regulus, the celebrated Roman General and captive, and chat of General Burgoyne, may be ex. tracted for the farther satisfaction of our readers :
. LIEUTENANT GENERAL BURGOYNE was entrusted with the command of an army destined to perform a material service to the ftate. His conduct was marked by zeal for the expedition upon which he was employed; and wherever he met the enemy he com• bated with valour. Victory for a time seemed to contend under his
standard ; standard; but at length the deserted him, and he was exposed to the malice of Fortune. The enemy collected a force greatly exceeding his in numbers; and he was compelled to yield to their superiority, While a prisoner in the possession of the enemy, he obtained permifsion to return to his own country ; but he continued engaged to redeliver himself up to the enemy upon due notice being given to him. Upon his arrival, he found himself precluded from the presence of his Sovereigo, upon pretence that an Inquiry was to take place into his conduct, and that it was unfit he should appear at Court till the event of tl at Inquiry was known. He demanded a Court Martial; but this was denied him, upon a representation from the heads of his profesion, that it could not be held upon him while he continued a prisoner. He complained loud!y of both these measures, and joined himself to a party which acted upon a plan of general opposition to the Minifers of their Sovereign. Lieutenant General Burgoyne was a member of the Senate. There he attempted to take the lcad upon many important occasions. It was observable, that his chief complaints were of the personal ill-treatment which he had received ; and that he seemed to feel his own wrong more fenibly than the loss of his country. He received an official order fignifying to him, that it was the pleasure of his Sovereign that he should return to America and join his captive army, who were suffering under cruelty aod disgrace. He thought fit to represent what he supposed the severity of this order. Again he was commanded; again he remonttrated; and at length finding the matter firmly infifted upon, he resigned all his civil and military employments, reserving only his rank in the service. He gave an account of his conduct to the Public in a letter which he addressed to his Constituents, and inveighed with bitter acrimony against the Ministers of his royal master. This letter was received with a difference of opinion. Some thought it a pathetic representation of unnecessary severity ; some confidered it as a justi. fication of his conduct; and there were not wanting some who pros nounced it A LIBEL UPON THE KING'S GOVERNMENT,
MEDICA L. Art. 18. Cales and Remarks in Surgery; to which is subjoined
an Appendix, containing the Method of curing the Bronchocele in Coventry. By B. Wilmer, Surgeon. 8vo. 5 s. Boards. Longman. 1779. ..
From the miscellaneous contents of this volume, we shall select such articles for the information of our readers, as appear most likely to be new and important.
The Author begins with some observations on strangulated herniæ. The chief purpose of these is, to confirm the doctrine maintained by fome laid writers, of the superior efficacy of cold and astringent ape plications, above warm and relaxing ones, in procuring the reduce tion of the hernial contents. Some cases are related strongly in favour of chis opinion. The Author met with equal success in the treatment of the hernia humoralis after the same method.
In the history of a fractured skull, the Author takes occafion to plead against the neceflity of removing a circular piece of scalp in all fractures ; a practice cruel in the execution, and which greatly retards the subsequent cure. A fingulat case follows, of a large
laceration of the right hemisphere of the brain from external injury discovered on diffe&ion,
Searification of the tunica conjunctiva of the eye, in inflammations of that organ and the eye-lids, is warmly recommended, and its good effects are proved by a decigve case.
The history of a tumour proceeding from a blow, which thrust the globe of the eye entirely out of its focket, deferves notice, though it terminated fatally.
The successful treatment of a cancerous disease of the mouth, in which corrosive sublimate appeared to be the most efficacious remedy, may afford instruction and encouragement in a similar case.
The account of a singular and fatal disease of the crophagus, entirely destroying the power of swallowing even liquids, will be thought curious. On diffe&tion, the whole annular substance of the upper part of this canal, to the extent of three inches, was found converted into a tough viscid rotten mass, of a dark brown colour.
Some cases are given, corroborating Sir John Pringle's account of the good effects of blillers applied to the navel in the ileus. This remedy proved effectual, after the other means usual in such cases had been employed without success.
A remarkable case is related, in which, before delivery, of a dead child in a very putrid state, an universal emphysema arose, attended with great heat and thir. The patient was recovered by a liberal use of fruit and other antiseptics,
This case is followed by ihat of a fatal retroversion of the womb, in a woman about four months gone with child. Reduction was found impracticable; and the clearest proof of the nature of the disease was obtained on diffe&tion.
An uncommon and very perplexing case of lithotomy is given, where the stone, though frequenily felt by the forceps, could not be laid hold of, nor extracted, till the fifteenth day from the operation, when a large purulent discharge from the bladder had taken place.
Some observations on compound factures close the collection, in which the author brings several arguments against Mr. Pott's observations on the neceflity of imniediate amputation, in certain cases of compound fractures and dislocations. These arguments are en forced by some histories from ihe writer's own practice, of very dangerous and unfavourable accidents of this kind, which, according to Mr. Pott's doctrine, would have demanded amputation, but which were cured without this operation. Mr. W. imputes much of his success in these instances, to the use of cold and aftringent applications, instead of che greasy cataplasms and relaxing fomentations, fo commonly employed.
I he Coventry method of cure in the bronchocele, mentioned in the Appendix, contains several circumstances of an empirical turn; but, when divested of these, appears to owe its success principally to calcined spunge, administered in a bolus, to be laid under the tongue, and swallowed slowly. Art. 19. Reports of the Humane Society, for the Recovery of Per
yons apparently drowned. For the Year 1778. 8vo. 1s. Riving. ton, &c. 1779.
The good effects of this benevolent institution evidently appear from the summary of the last year's success.-Out of 159 cases, 106
proved fortunate. Although, out of this number, there are feveral which required. no medical aflitaoce, and others in which the methods commonly known proved speedily efficacious; yet, from the relation here given, it cannot be doubted, that the encouragement offered by the Society, in the first instance, to take the fufferer out of the water, and afterwards to perfilt in the proper means for re. covery, has been the cause of 'restoring to life a number of our fel. low-creatures who otherwise muft have perished. With respect to the particular cases, there are scarcely any of them which, now we are accustomed to in tances of this fori, are fingular enough to be laid before our readers. The longest (even fuppofed) time of con• tinuance under water, here mentioned, is a quarter of an hour ; and the longest time of using the means for recovery before any sigors of returning life appeared, half an hour. A pretty remarkable cafe is given oi the recovery of a person apparently killed by lightning; but we cannot attribute much to the alliance of the gentleman who relates it, since, ainong other means, he thought proper to draw twenty ounces of blocd from the arm, and to pour volatiles into the mouth, before there was any power of swallowing. We lefs wonder, that under such treatmen: the patient was an hour before he thewed fign's of life, than that he recovered at all.'
It may be worthy the confideration of the Society, how far it may be proper to continue the direction of throwing the fumes of tobacco into the bowels, against which practice such apparently reasonable objections have la:ely been raised. Art. 20. A Letter to 7. C. Lettsom, M. D. &c. &c. Occasioned
by Baron Dimídale's Remarks on Dr. Lettsom s Letres upon General Inoculation. By an uninterested Spectator of the Controversy between Baron Dimsdale and Dr. Watkinson, on the above mentioned subject. 8vo. I S. Murray. 1779.
Among the various writers who have lately appeared on the very interesting subject of general inoculation, we cannot but think, that the author of the pamphler before us has come closest to the point, and has hit upon the most solid and conclusive argument in favour of the practice. Without following him through his introductory obsertations and particular criticilms on Baron Dimsdale, we thall briefly mention his main argument; which is, that in London, the small pox already, from natural infection, prevails nearly as generally as it is capable of doing; and therefore, that any local spread of infection from inoculation would be of no consequence, as it would only anticipate a little the certain progress of cpidemic contágion. Every inoculated individual may therefore be considered as one fnarched from the danger of a very hazardous disease; while thofe he may pofsibly infect, undergo only the common chance they would otherwise be exposed to. The proof of this point he deduces from the annual deaths from the small-pox stated in the bills of mortality, compared with the annual births, with proper allowance for annual ingresors from the country, and deduâion for children who die of piber diseases under two years of age. Though we are sensible, that these calculations are somewhat vague and arbicrary, we are yet inclined to place a good deal of confidence in the argumenc in general ; as we are certainly informed, that from the most accurate calculation, and actual enumeration in a provincial city, it appeared, that
the number escaping the small-pox, for want of infe&ion, was so extremely inconfiderable, that fuppofing them all infected in conse quence of inccalation (a mod improbable suppofition), all the loss which could poitbly be sustained, would be overbalanced by the annual inocolation of fewer than a thousandth part of the inhabitants. The same thing is as likely to happen in every great town; and most of all in London, where such a quantity of contagious matter is continually existing.
DRAMATIC. Art. 21. Plymouth in an Uproar; a Musical Farce, as it is per
formed at the Theatre-Royal in Covent Garden. The Music composed by Mr. Dibdin. 8vo. 1 s. Kearlley. 1779. Insipid and ill-timed buffoonery!
MISCELLANEOU S. Art. 22. A plain State of Facts, or the Justice and Propriety of a · late Verdiet impartially considered: In a Letter to Sir Alexander
Leith, Bart, 8vo. 13. Cooper, in Drury-lane. 1779. · The extraordinary person to whom this narrative is addressed, feems to have very little reason to plume himself on the mark of distinction which the Writer has paid to him. If he is not here " damnd to everlasting fame," he may, perhaps, be indebted for it solely to the perishable nature of a fugitive pamphlet.
From this ' plain Ştace of Facts,' the Public will be greatly aflisted in determining how far Mr. Pope (who lately prosecuted Sir A.L. for a
f y ) has been directed by malice, and how juftly the BaTonet, who brought a cross-action against Mr. P. for usury, was enticled to a verdia for 10,000k _The ttory abounds with most ex. traordinary circumstances ; and it is well told. It will give the honeft, inexperienced reader an horrid idea of the arts too frequently employed in matters relative to the administration of Law and Jus. TICE.-T bere is more rascality in the world than good men would think. Art. 23. Authentic Memoirs of Capt. Paul Jones, the American
Corsair. Containing his numerous Exploits and surprising Revolutions of Fortune in England, Scotland, Ireland, France, &c. &c.
By Mr. Theophilus Smart, who escaped from Jones's Veffel a few · Moments before the funk. 8vo. 1 s. Hogg.
Proper exercise for the credulity of failors, porters, hoftlers, pofte .chaise-drivers, and court politicians.-A fine print of the Captain is prefixed. Art. 24. Fransplantation ; or, Poor Crocus pluckt up by the Root,
ovo. 18. Evans, Paternoster Row. Recites, in a plaintive, yet Shandyan kind of drollery, the hard case of Mr. Rymer, late surgeon of the Conquetadore guardship; who has been dismissed the service, on account of some misunderstanding · which had unfortunately broken out between our Author and the Admiral who was his commanding officer. As Mr. R. seems to be an ingenious man, and possessed of a good heart, we hope bis peti* tion to the King, introduced in the conclusion of this pamphlet, will procure him fome redress.
• Sir A. L. obtained, from the Court, a copy of his indictment.