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Whence madness with ten thousand varied cries
Would rend the dome and permeat the kies.'
Evion ingeminat !” The last runnings of the Rev. H. Hodgson's ? Effusions, trickle through the shades;' and either fink into - Dialogues on the Stygian Banks,' or are squirted into - Visions.'Visions! by which he could not see' (as he informs us,---and for once we give him credit) « many yards before him : for the future part of his journey was hidden in thick, dark fogs and clouds; and therefore he knew not but a few steps might plunge him into one of the lakes, down a precipice, and bring him under a prominent rock, which falling, might crush him to pieces-into the lion's, the tyger's jaw !'
" Oh! that men were wise! that they would consider their latter end!” But in spite of the vision, Mr. Hodgson would write-yea, and publish too !
We thought it high time to leave this Writer to his fate:-because he rushed on it without fear or shame; but for a moment, we will snatch him out of the lion's—the tyger's jaw; for the sake of thowing a little Nice of crude wit, which, in the fulness of his . Effufions,' had like to have been carried down unnoticed and lost for ever !-He strained very hard to bring it up!
• Whereas the Rev. Henry Hodgson here offers to the public, a miscellany volume in verse and prose, entitled, Effufion's of the Heart and Fancy, several parts of which are delivered under the fimilitude of a dream :”—He, the said Henry Hodgson, declares, that he received from nature, not only the privilege of dreaming, but also of sleeping too, as well as his brother authors, and the critics, reviewers, and poets of the age ; with whom, he partakes of no other of nature's gifts or privileges : for the three latter class of animals, how respectable foever the two first once were, have lately given, and are still giving proofs, that their taste and genius is only a dream. He, the Deponent aforesaid, affirmeth, that critics, reviewers, and poets, will only prove his affertion by wretched criticisms on the words, seep and dream, &c. &c.'
Solomon hath instructed us, to “ answer a fool according to his folly, Jeft he be wise in his own conceit:" and though a fool of a poet is the last of all possible fools that we can form any hopes of a converting from the error of his way, that his name
+ Lines preserved by Perlius as a specimen of the bombast. Mr. Hodgson appears to have had an intimate communication with the spirit of this nameless bard of antiquity.-“ Reparabilis adfonat Echo.” See Dr. Brewsler's excellent translation of Perfius. 22
may be faved, from contempt;" yet, taking sanctuary in the goodness of our intentions, we must (as divines frequently observe with respect to the conversion of other finners) “ do our duty and leave the event."
ADVERTISEMENT WHEREAS MARTINUS Scriblerus and his sons have, for upwards of thirty years, been encouraged in offering to the public a periodical work of miscellaneous criticism, entitled, the Monthly Review, one department of which Review, being designed to chastise bad poets, and the whole tribe of coxcombfcribblers, commonly called sentimental writers,— He, the faid MARTINUS SCRIBLERUS, by and with the advice of his fons, thus publicly declareth, that he received it in ftrict and positive command from the ghost of Addison (just come from drinking nectar with Swift, Pope, and Arbuthnot); that how respectable foever poets and authors of essays and allegories were in bis days, yet, that the fervile herd of modern imitators, who write without learning, and frequently without thinking, are become a scandal to good letters, as well as to good manners: and that it would have been more for their own credit, and still more for the benefit of society, if these “ unreal mockeries" thele unsubstantial shadows of taste and genius, had been alleep when they sat down to write, and dreaming when they took it into their heads to complete their folly, by exposing their « Effusions' to the public eye. —He, the aforesaid MARTINUS, by and with the advice of his sons aforesaid, further affirmeth, that though the name of one Henry Hodgson, of Peterhouse, Cambridge, Curate of Market-Rasen, was not expressly mentioned in the aforesaid charge; probably, because it had never been heard of beyond his college or his curacy; yet, as he verily teljeveth, that the said Hodgson cometh literally within the description, and under the denomination of a servile imitator of modern date an unreal mockery- an unsubstantial madow of taste and genius, he thinketh it a duty indispensably owing to the high authority of the ghost aforesaid, to expose him to public ridicule; and in him, all other coxcomb fcribblers, whose Effusions', if permitted to flow on without restraint, would overwhelm the little sense which is left among us; and settle in one dull and ftagnant pool of sentimental insipidity. ---THERE- FORE,
" He'll have the current in this place damm'd up t."
+ Shakespeare's Henry VIth, 2d' part.
Art. VII. Obfervations on the BloodBy William Hey, F. R. S. * Surgeon to the General Infirmary at Leeds, and Member of the
Corporation of Surgeons in London. 8vo. 18 6d. Wallis.
1779. M R . Hey begins his pamphlet, by some remarks on the
IV great ignorance, or inattention, observable in writers, with respect to Tome of the plainest facts relative to blood drawn from the body; and of this, he gives some extraordinary instances. . He declares, however, that he thall confine his present discussions to the sentiments of those eminent persons, Dr. Heberden, and the late Mr. H:wson, on this subje&t.
Phylicians have, in general, supposed, that the increased action of the blood vessels in inflammatory diseases, increases the tendency to concretion in the crassamentum. A contrary doctrine was, however, published, for the firii time, as Mr. Hey supposes, by Dr. George Fordyce, in his Elements of the Practice of Phyfic. If, however, he had consulted the second edition of Mr. Hewson's Experimental - Inquiry, he would have found, that the author (note to p. 51.) asserts, that most of the facts contained in his book, were mentioned publicly at his anatomical lectures ever since the year 1767, and some of them before that time, The new doctrine, therefore, belongs of right to Mr. Hewson, This doctrine is, that inflammation, instead of increasing, leffens the disposition of blood to coagulate, and instead of thickening, chins it, at least its coagulable part. And Mr. Hey, instead of controverting this fundan.ental principle, admits as a fact, that the surface of blood which is about to form a crust of size, remains much longer fluid, than that of blood in different circumstances. So far, then, they agree; but Mr. Hewson supposes, that what Aoats on the surface of such blood is coagulable lymph, attenuated by the increased action of the blood-vesels : whereas Mr. Hey contends, that it is the coaguLable lymph diluted with serum. We must own, that the let of experiments wnich Mr. Hey produces here, to prove (what nobody would doubt) that the lazy crust of blood really contains a watery or serous part, does not seem to us at all conclusive againit the opinion of Mr. Hewlon, who, by ufing the term attenuated, certainly meant to convey the idea of its being of a dilute or aqueous consistence. The cause here may be different; but the effect, as far as discoverable by experiment, will certainly be the same; dilucion and attenuation being qualities not distinguishable, as we imagine, by common sensible tests, .. That Mr. Hey himself has not the clearest ideas on this subject, we are, apt to suspect, by comparing iwo paisages at a linall distance in his pamphlet. He says, 'p. 13. “ I allow, that the
blood upon which a sizy crust is found, generally looks thinner, as it flows from the vein, than the blood of a healthy person, on which there is no size; but this thinness, I apprehend, is chiefly owing to the increased quantity of serum, which such blood contains. At p. 21. we find him saying, “ It seems strange to me, that Mr. Hewson Thould have taken no notice of the increased quantity of coagulable lymph, found in the blood of persons labouring under inflammatory disorders, though this is one of the most striking circumstances attending the subject.' How these two opposite principles in the blood (one giving it density, and the other tenuity) can both be augmented at the same time, and from the same cause, we own ourselves at a loss to conceive.
The most important and direct attack upon Mr. Hewson's accuracy in experiment, is the relation of the phenomena observed by Mr. Hey, in blood caught in different cups, during the dying state of slaughtered animals. Mr. Hey almost constantly found (and of the fidelity of his narration we cannot doubt that the blood first received was more fluid as it flowed, and more florid than the rest; yet coagulated in the least time, had the most firm crassamentum, and threw off the greatest quantity of serum. That which was last received, flowed the most nowly, appeared the most viscid and dark coloured during flowing, was the latest in coagulating completely, had the foftest craffamentum, and threw off the least quantity of serum.' These results are directly contrary to those related by Mr. Hewfon. In the second edition of the Experimental Inquiry, however, some variation in the appearances on this experiment is acknowledged, though not enough to account for so oppofite a general result. One cause of fallacy, indeed, we discern, in the dif. ferent idea annexed to the term coagulation. Mr. Hey observes, that the last blood was more viscid as it flowed, though it was the longest in coagulating completely. Now viscidity differs only in degree from coagulation, and therefore this might appear to Mr. Hewson as a very speedy, though incomplete, coagulation. °. We have entered more particularly on the defence of Mr. Hewson, than we usually do of a party in a controversy, merely because he is no longer living to defend himself; and we will venture to assert, that experimental philosophy sustained a loss in him, which, amidst the number who pursue a similar path, will not soon be repaired.
Mr. Hey goes on, to make some observations, on the changes in the appearance of blood drawn at different stages of inflammatory diseases-on the various appearances of blood drawn at one operation, and the circumstances which occasion this varietyon the effects of ligature ; of pregnancy, &c. With respect to Dr. Heberden's query, " Is the fizy covering which is often feen upon blood, of any use in directing the method of cure?” he answers ; that though a mere appearance of size alone gives no certain direction, yet this, together with the thickness and density of the fizy covering, and the tenacity of the crassamentum, conjointly, affords uteful information.
On the whole, there are many detached observations in this short publication, which may be attended to with advantage by practitioners : at the same time, we are obliged to observe, that a want of method and connexion in its several parts, and a degree of inaccuracy and confusion in some of the leading ideas, render it much less satisfactory, in a philosophical view, than we should have expected from the character of the writer, and the apparent perspicuity of his narrations.
Art, VIII. Dialogues concerning Natural Religion. By David Hume,
Esq; 8vo. 45. Sewed. Robinson. 1779. TI E have here a very elaborate performance. It treats on
V the most important and interesting subject that can possibly employ the thoughts of a reasonable being. It is written with great elegance; in the true spirit of ancient dia. logue ; and, in point of composition, is equal, if not superior, to any of Mr. Hume's other writings. Nothing new, however, is advanced on the subject. The Author, indeed, has attempted little more than to throw the most exceptionable parts of his philosophical works into a new form, and to present them in a different dress.
The conversation is supported by Cleanthes, DEMEA, and PHILO.- Cleanthes, to ule Mr. Hume's own words, is a person of an accurate philosophical turn; Philo, a careless sceptic; and Demea, a rigid, inflexible, orthodox divine. Cleanthes, however, defends a good cause very feebly, and is by no ineans entitled to the character of an accurate philosopher, Demea supports the character of a four, croaking divine, very tolerably; but Philo is the hero of the piece; and it must be acknowledged, that he'urges his objections with no inconsiderable degree of acuteness and subtlety.
We shall endeavour to give our Readers a concise, but clear view, of what is advanced by each of the speakers; and, not to weaken the force of their arguments, we shall give their own words.
• No man; no man, at least,' says Demea, of common sensen Lam persuaded, ever entertained a serious doubt of the being of a God. The queition is not concerning the Being, buç the naiure of God. This I affirm, from the infirmities of human understand, jog, to be alcogether incomprehensible and unknown to us. The effence of that supreme mind, his attributes, the manner of his 24