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of the reformed churches at this day, that little more need be done, than to read that epifle to see our own likeness. “We have the name, it is added, Speaking of the English church, of a purely reformed church, which protests against the errors of popery, doctrinal and practical, but are we not dead as to faith and good works? We Itill have a name to live as a true church of Christ in our articles, homilies, and liturgy, but are we not dead as to the practice of all religious duties? And are we not ready to return into the bosom of the Popish church? This church state draws near to its period. These wars, which are a just punishment for our unbelief and apostacy, are introducing a glorious ftate in which brotherly love will prevail, &c. But before this season, it is farther said, “ how full of trouble and blood thed will the nations on earth be! The dask and bloody way to the Philadelphian church state is folemnly awful and very affe&ing. We will not presume to controvert with our Author, any of his pofitions. We believe he means well, but how ftrange is ir, that men of piety and learning should, fo olien, bewil. der themselves and others in this book of the revelation! Art. 32. Fifteen Sermons on select Subjects; from the Manu.
scripts of the late Reverend Thomas Broughton, A. M. Pre: bendary of Sarum, and Vicar of St. Mary Redcliff and Sc. Thomas, in Bristol. Psv the Reverend Thomas Broughton, A. M, of Wadham College, Oxford; and Vicar of Tiverton, near Bach,
8vo. ss. fewed. Cadell. 1778. . The hint for this publication, we are told, was suggested by several of Mr. Broughton's late parishioners, among whom he resided upwards of thirty years ; chey expressed their wilhes to become poffefied of some of those discourses, which they had often heard from the pulpit with particular satisfaction : Some fermons they pointed out to him, and others the Editor selected, esteeming them edifying and useful. The subjects are as follows: 'The Example of Abraham's Faith; the Eloquence of Christ; the Parable of the Sower, in two parts; the good Samaritan ; the Parable of the rich Man and Lazarus, in Two parts; the Parable of the Ten Virgins; the Theory of Man; Hope in Chrift; che joys of Heaven ; the Repentance of a Sinner matter of joy in Heaven; the Duty of loving our Ene. mies; the argument from Miracles; the Conversion and Ministry of St. Paul' These discourses are sensible and practical.
SCHOOL-BOOKS. Art. 33. Arithmetic and Measurement, improved by Examples and
plain Demonstrations: wherein are laid down the different cuitomary Perches, and other measures, used in the several Pa ts of Gscac Britain and Ireland. Suitable to all Artills ; but more especially those who are employed in Building, Gardening, Surveying Land, &c. To which is added, the Use of an Initrument called a Tangent Rule, for the taking any given Dilance within a Quarter of a Mile. Revised, corrected, and improved. By William Davidion, Architect, and Land-Surveyor. 12o. 2 5. 6d. Hogg. . .
The Author of this performance moves in a humble there; bus bis labours may not, perhaps, on thas accoun', be a jot less uselui. We a:e all so fond of instructing nen cfgenius and science,--that is,
of giving to those who already are possessed of abundance, that we utterly forget the artisan, the mechanic, and the labourer, who, ir truth, stand most in need of our affiftance, and through whom our knowledge and learning would often find the shorteft road to public utility. It is on these considerations, that we think the Author of this little tract deserving of commendation : we may add, that his book is of a moderate price, which is no unimportant point at this day; and that the matter which it contains, is laid down in a manner so plain and easy to be understood, that we think every person, even of the meaneit capacity, must comprehend it. Art. 34. Arithmetic in the first four fundamental Rules. With a
Collection of useful Tables, &c. By J. Betcesworth, Master of the Academy in Quaker's Buildings, Welt Smithfield. 8vo. 3 do Hogg.
Useful, particularly to those who never learnt, or have forgotten, for want of practice, the rudiments of arithmetic. We are al ways glad to fee, and to encourage, these little cheap things, cal. culated for the accommodation of thofe who cannot afford to purchase dear books.
SE R M O N S. I. Preached at Taunton, May 26, 1779, before an Assembly of the
Proteftant Diffenting Clergy. By the Rev. Sir Harry Trelawney, Bart. A. B. Published at the request of the Ministers. 410. Iso Bockland, &c.
Rational, candid, benevolent, and pious. If the clergy would all preach in this strain, men would never cut one another's throats to prove themselves the true disciples of Jesus Chrift,--who beld throatcutting in the utmost abborrence. II. Compassion to Men's Souls the greatest Charity ; and the Neceffity of
a Subscription for the support and Relief of Misionaries.- Preached and published for the Benefit of the incorporated Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts; in consequence of the Lord Bishop of Worcester's circular Letter to the Clergy of his Diocese. By the Rev. Francis Rufford, B. A. Fellow of Wadham College, Oxford. 4to. 6d. Fielding and Walker.
Those who are intimately acquainted with American affairs, feem, generally, to agree in opinion, that the money raised here for the propagation of the Gospel in that part of the world, was never better employed than at this time, when it is so much wanted for the relief of those misfionaries, &c. who are sufferers for their inflexible attachment to this country.
*.* The account of Mr. Crawford's Experiments and Observa: tions on Animal Heat will be given in our next.
Ko The well written letter of Eugenius, from Salisbury, in behalf of Mrs. Cowley's play of ALBINA, is acknowledged; but it has not induced the Reviewer of that tragedy to alter his opinion of it.
For NOVEMBE Ř1779...
Arti J. Selešia quædam Theocriti Idyllia. Recensuit, variorum
Notas adjecit, qualque Animadverfiones, partim Latine, partim An. glice foriptas, immiscuit, Thomas Edwards, S.T. P. 8vo. S s. in Sheets. Cambridge printed, and sold by Woodyer. 1779. To those who wish to have an intimate acquaintance with
1 the works of the Sicilian Bard, this selection will prove a very acceptable present. Dr. Edwards evince's a critical knowledge both of his author and the language in which he writes ; and if he has not cleared up every difficulty, and elucidated all that was obscure, it is not through want of labour or of attention. The original text consists but of about 350 lines, and yet the notes are extended through upwards of 250 pages, Beside two or three-and-twenty pages more of Addenda, Corrigenda, Collationes, &c. When, however, the variety of matter which is comprehended in the notes is considered, and when it is observed also that those notes are professedly written in ufum juventutis academicæ, many of whom may possibly stand in need of every assistance, we are not to wonder that our Editor has been so particular and minute in many of his animadversions.
Left his readers thould be surprised to find some of the notes in Latin, and others in English, he acquaints them, in his preface, that they were written at his leisure hours, sometimes in one language, sometimes in the other, as chance or inclination directed him; and that he knows of no purpose it would have answered to have printed them uniformnly in Latin or in Englih. • With all due deference to the Doctor's opinion in this mat. ter, we must beg leave to diffent from him. Editions of ancient authors ought to be for the benefit of the learned world in general, and not to be confined to the advantage of a partia, Vol. LXI.
and Coccidentale instante los te laten
cular country. Were every editor of an ancient author to write his notes sometimes in Latin, at others in his vernacular tongue, it would frequently happen that the advantages to be reaped from them would be extremely limited. Had Reiske, Heinfius, Scaliger, &c. adopted the same mode of editing that Dr. Edwards has chosen, it is not impossible but the Doctor himself might, in many instances, have been unable to have availed himself of their assistance.
But our objection to Dr. Edwards's English notes rests not here: the notes themselves, we mean with respect to the style in which they are expressed, are highly exceptionable. As a proof of our assertion, we will give an extract from a note on a paffage in the fourth Idyllium :
"If I rightly understand the Poet's representation, Battus and Corydon are talking at some distance from the olives. Battus accidentally turning his head, sees the calves browsing on the trees. He instantly cries out,
- βαλλε καιωθε τα μοσχια, τας γαρ ελαιας
Τον θαλλον τρωγονται τα δυσσοα' and whilft he is uttering the first words, he and Corydon both fet a running together; and when he has uttered the remaining words, both fet a hooting together :
- 270', o menuenos
2.76', a Kupcida, &c.* Whity goes away before Battus gets to the olives : he therefore stops running, and stands ftill. Cymætha ftays where the is, and flirs not an inch. Corydon therefore continues running towards her; and swears he will be the death of ber, if the does not take herself somewhere else:
- 8X EO AXBEIS; HEW, vai tov II xvd, XOXCY TEROS AUTIXX dwowv,
Es un OTEL TOTwev Whilft he is saying this, the runs away : he follows her; both whilst he is saying it, and after he has said it. Having fol. lowed her, as far as he thinks necessary, he returns; and goes to the place, where Battus is standing. But scarce is he there, when he sees her coming to the plants again :
- ld, au wahın q.de Web Epttelo Upon this Battus sets out; determined to drive her to fome pur. pole, and by a good drubbing give her enough of meddling with olive-trees, &c.' * Our Poet is such an excellent painter here, that one cannot
- Lith', o demogyoso Eort', Kuuanda, mori Tor Moor' without seeing the hurry and bulle, the two rustics are in.
It is surely fomething singular, that a Writer who seems so intimately acquainted with the niceties of a dead language should pay so little attention to the delicacy of his own!
Among other respectable names, we frequenıly meet with that of Mr. Toup, so justly celebrated for his consummate knowledge in Greek literature, as a contributor to the improve. ment of the present work. An observation, however, of this Gentleman's has been admitted, in which we can by no means agree with him. His words are these :
« Idem zípcepos et xeópappos, ut xívetior et réipétrov. Utrumque and T8 xEiuatos fcilicet. Atque hinc notandus lusus Theocriti Idyl. 1. 5.
Αϊκα δ' αίγα λάβη τηνος γέρας, ές τε ΚΑΤΑΡΡΕΙ
A XIMAPOE. Nam verbum xxtæppsiv de lapfu aquarum five xei pe cippe dicitur. Sed Theocritus semper festivus est."
Though it be possible that xípapos and xeiueappos may have, according to Mr. Toup, the same derivation, and though there can be no doubt of the primary use of the word xalappeiv; yct surely there can be nothing forced or unnatural in the metaphorical sense in which Theocritus has hitherto been supposed to apply it. Had he intended such a play upon the words as Mr. Toup imagines, he must have been guilty of a most unmeaning and miserable pun.
At the end of the volume are two Appendiculæ ; one containing the Editor's reasons for not prefixing the accentual marks to his own and Mr. Warton's notes, which are judicious and satisfactory. In the other are given hints at a new method which the Doctor has discovered, of scanning Greek and Latin hexameters, the usual method being, as he tells us, erroneous. For a fuller explanation of his fyftem we are to wait for the publication of the Miscellanea Critica; a work which will some time or other see the light. This new system of prosody will then not only be illustrated and explained, but also the objections which he thinks are likely to be made to it will be confidered.
Art. II, Confiderations on the present State of the Church Efabliss.
ment, in Letters to the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of London. By John Sturges, M. A. Prebendary of Winchester, and Chaplain
in Ordinary to his Majesty. 8vo. 3 5. sewed.. Cadell. 1779. TN these Letters, Mr. Sturges considers how far our eccle.
fiaftical establishment, as it now subsists in this country, is an institution fit for the purposes it was meant to answer, both with respect to religion and society; how far the clergy of England are worthy ministers of the religion of Christ, and useful members of our civil community. Y 2