been rendered fill more satisfactory, had the preparation termed the Doktor, been explained particularly. There may however be good seasons against this communication, as pernicious secrets ought not to be published; and to guard the Public against interested arts, by extending the ability to practise them, includes fomething like an absurdity. The tricks of distillers and vintners have long been complained of, with some rumours about the private afes of the lapis in, fernalis, popularly called the Hell-ftone ; but we are not in the se: cret, so can only imagine the name not ill adapted to the parties who use it, as well as to those who, perhaps by way of preparative, enure themselves to the swallowing of liquid fire. Art. 22. The History of. Cheshire : Containing King's Vale

Royal entire, together with considerable Extracts from Sir Peter Leycester’s Antiquities of Cheshire; and the Observations of later Writers, particularly Pennant, Grose, &c. &c. The Whole forming a complere Description of that County; with all its Hundreds, Seats of the Nobility, Gentry, and Freeholders ; Rivers, Towns, Calles, and buildings, ancient and modern. To which is prefixed an Introduction, exhibiting a general View of the State of the Kingdom previous to, and immediately after, the Norman Conquest. 2 Vols. 8vo. 10 s. 6d. Cheter printed by John Poole: and sold by Evans in Paternoster. Row.

In the progress of the Arts, that of book-making ought not to be overlooked, which has extended from the blind allies in London to every part of the country where a press is erected: though the country workmen have not yet attained the proficiency of their masters in the metropolis.

Whatever merit there may be in detached parts of these volumes, they are to be viewed merely in the light of a loole compilation; for beside the original writers acknowledged in the title-page, the Jong introduction prefixed, is literally and filently copied from the beginning of Hume's History of England: an author, whom this grateful Compiler afterward snatches an officious opportunity to depreciate in strong terms, derived perhaps from some other quarter, both as an historian and as a philosopher.

It might have occurred to a person offering a new History of Cheshire, that while he availed himself of every thing valuable in King's old Vale Royal, there was neither merit por necessicy, in adhering to either his method or language ; where either was susceptible of improvement: the dearable object being, not to have antiquated works revived, but used with more recent materials in form. ing a good connected historical description of the county. Indeed we have only to guess at what this nameless book-maker proposed to do, from what he actually has performed; as he has not declared his intentions in any prefatory address to the reader : but begins abruptly with above fourscore pages of ancient English history, all taken, as before observed, without the least ceremony, from the first volunie of David Hume. I hus much however may be safely inferred, that the plan was to bring together wbatever could (with small trouble or 'expence) be collected, relating to Cheshire, with as little trouble as pollible; not even that of furnithing some kind of map of she county! It is not doubted, but the very books pripted from, are returned to the bookseller's shelf for sale, with no more injury than they might receive from the printer's thumbs. To conclade, the whole is a crude hodge podge, from which an adroit London workman, in that branch, might make a far bester book, with the usual flender apparatus of a pair of scissars, a quire or two of brown pa. per, and a bafon of paite. Art. 23. The History and Antiquities of Shrewsbury; from its


firft Foundation to the present Time. Containing, A Recital of Occurrences and remarkable Events, for above 1200 Years. With an Appendix, containing several Particulars' relative to Caitles, Monaiteries, &c. in Shropshire. With Plates. By T. Phillips. 4to. 10 s. 6 d. Shrewsbury printed by T. Wood, and sold also by G. Robinson in London. 1779.

Among the various provincial hiftories which this country has prodaced, none, that we recollect, of any confiderable note, hath yes been given of Shropshire. Mr. Phillips, we hope, hath,paved the way for suitable descriptions of a county which is, by no means, de. ficient in materials for gratifying the curiosity of the naturalist or the antiquary.-The Salopians will, no doubt, be proud of the present performance, though neither a very learned, nor a very elegant production, as they have no other history of this town, or their county; and, for the same reason, too, it will not be unacceptable ro English readers in general. Art. 24. Theatrical Monopoly ; being an Address to the Public

on the present alarming Coalition of the Managers of the Winter Theatres. 8vo. I s. Fielding and Walker. 1779.

This pamphlet is not inelegantly written ; but we think the subject merits a more minute examination than the present Writer has afforded it. Art. 25. Observations on the Tragedy of Albina. 8vo. 6d.

Macklew. There is some shrewdness, attended with much apparent acrimony, probably proceeding from personal ill.will, in these Observations.

N O V E L. Art. 26. Columella ; or, the distressed Anchoret. A Colloquial

Tale. By the Editor of the Spiritual Quixote. 2 Vols. 12mo. 5 s. sewed. Dodley. The design of this colloquial tale is 'to expose the folly of those who, after having been prepared by a liberal education, and a long and regular course of studies, for some learned or ingenious profelSion, retire, in the vigour of life, through mere indolence and love of ease, to spend their days in solitude and inactivity, or even in those meaner occupations which persons of inferior abilities, and unimproved talents, might discharge with equal, or, perhaps, with superior skill.' That characters of this class are reprehensible is what every one must acknowledge, yet we are far from thinking, in the present age at least, that they are common. We mean not that indolence and love of ease make no part of the characteristics of the present age; but rather that they take a different form than that under which they appear in the performance before us. So far from fhewing any disposition to injure society by retiring from the world, is seems to be the general study of all ranks to obtrude themselves


as much as posible upon the Public, and to dissipate in active idleness, if we may so express ourselves, that time which ought to have been devoted to their own private concerns. Excepting in the late Mr. Shenstone (who probably might fit for the more amiable part of Columella's pičture) and some few others, we hall not find many instances of young persons entering into life who fly to retirement and solitude as a refuge from the bustle and hurry of the world. And, indeed, in those few inftances of voluntary feclulion that may occasionally be met with, the motive for retirement is in general so innocent and amiable, and the opportonities it may afford of being useful to mankind, are so many and various, that we are of opinion such characters, though they claim not praise, ought at least to be exempt from censure.

Though we thus differ from our author, as to the object of his fatire, yet with respect to its execution, it is but justice to acknowledge that it is worthy of the Editor of the Spiritual Quixote'. His characters are, in general, drawn with truth and humour, and his wit, if we except a few fiale jokes, and a feeble attempt to ridicule Dr. PrieAley and his fixed air, is neither unclaflical aor inelegant.

MEDICAL. Art. 27. First Lines of the Practice of Phyfsi, for the Use of

Students in the University of Edinburgh. By William Cullen, M. D. and P. Vol. IId. 8vo. 6s. Murray, 1779.

The present volume of this very useful work is divided into three books, the firfi, treating of exanthemata or eruptive fevers; the next, of hemorrhages; and the laft, of profiuvin, or Fluxes with pyrexia, The clear and accurate descriptions of the diseases, comprehended under these divisions, the ingenious reasonings concerning their nature, and the judicious observations respecting their cure, cannot fail of being highly serviceable to the medical itudent ; who will find in a small compass, all the foundet principles, both in the theory and practice of his art. This volume is, in the main, truly practical. Experience and obfervation are guides from which the Author never ventures to deviate ; and theory is only admitted as supplemental or auxiliary to these.' A rare instance of caution and diffidence accompanying great powers of invention !

The language, though fill not entirely free from inaccuracies, is Jess censurable than that of the former volume f. Art. 28. A Treatise on the Hydrocele. By Lawrence Nannoni,

Profesor of Surgery to the Grand Duke of Tuscany's Court, and Fellow of several Academies in Europe. 8vo. I s. 6 d. Elmsly, &c.

The principal purpose of this little treatise, is to compare the several methods proposed for the radicul care of the hydrocele. This is done in a rational manner; but" so briefly, as not to afford any new indruction to one acquainted with the larger treatifes on this subject, particularly. Mr. 'Port's. On the whole, he prefers the

* For an account of the Spiritual Quixole, see Review, vol. xlviii. p. 393, May 1573. + For our account of the first vol. fec Review vol. Ivii. p. 245.


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operation by incision. Some cases are introduced by way of illuftration, which may be read with advantage.

The language is not without inaccuracies, but such as are pardonable in a foreigner. Art. 29. Seventy-four Selezt Cases, with the Manner of Cure,

and the Preparation of the Remedies, in the following Diseases. 1. The Schirrus, Cancer, and Ulcers of the Breast and Womb. 2. Scrophulous Swellings and Ulcers about the Neck and other parts; commonly called the King's Evil. 3. The Specks and Opacity of the Cornea of the Eye, in which Sight hath been reltored, by internal Medicines only. 4. Old Ulcers of the Legs, cured in Persons much advanced in years. The whole being an Appendix to the Treatises already published on these Subjects. By William Rowley, M. D. . 8vo. 1 s. 6d. Newbery. 1779.

Dr. Rowley, is certainly the luckielt man in the world. Diseases of the most obstinate and formidable nature fly before him, though he is armed only with weapons well known, and generally used by his less fortunate brethren. The only things to be wished in order to render these cases as interefting to the faculty, as reputable to the Doctor, are, that they had been less fele&, more circumftantially related, and better authenticated. As far as they are to be depended upox, they certainly afford great encouragement to the steady and long continued use of medicines of the alterative class, in very inveterate disorders.

Art. 30. An Apology for Catholic Faith, Morality, and Loyalty.

Addressed to the Countess Dowager of Huntingdon. Occasioned
by a late Publication, intitled, Interesting Facts concerning
Popery . By the Rev. Mr. Peckwell. 12mo. I s. Coghlan.

of all religious apologists, the Catholics are perhaps the most evasive, che most addicted to quibbles, and in general, the most difficult to fix to a direct discussion of the actual points in contest. The present writer, who figns his name R.B. Coghlan, having taken offence at some attacks on bis religion by one of Lady Huntingdon's miffionaries; and not having those more convincing powers of his church at command, by which her adversaries are usually filenced, Iteps forth in the character of a meek apologist. But according to the arguments be uses, it is impossible co ascertain what are the real senets avowed by that church, or where the infallibility of it resides. Some of the Catholic doctrines and usages are very ingenioully explained away, so as to place all the errors at the door of the Protettants ; while others are as effectually got rid of, by leaving them at the doors of particular popes or cardinals, as disclaimed by the reft. He acknowledges, that Catholics' look back with a pious horror on the cruel acts of their ancestors; but at the same time, they declare, that this was never the true spirit of the Catholic church, nor done by her authority canonically exercised.'' He also retorts the charge of persecution on the early Protestants; but re

By the manner in which this title-page is written, and printed, a reader might imagine that Mr. Peckwell was the author of this Apology,

crimination crimination is no justification of the party that uses it ; and the principle of driving men to heaven by any particular road, fill semains to be justified. It is small consolation to a convicted heretic, delivered over to the secular power, that the doctrine by which he expires in tortures, is shuffled from one to another, while the fad effects of it are inforced. But is, or is not, the court of inquifition, a canonical exercise of catholic power ? Has not this shocking tribunal its secret dark severities, and public celebration of ads of faith? Perhaps its canonical authority may be explained away with the rest ; but does not the judicial power exit and act? Again, our Catholic friend gives us the following curious note,


• Cardinal Bellarmine's treatise on the indirect power of the pope over the temporalties of kings, was condemned by the clergy and parliament of France, and publicly burnt by the common hangman: and whoever now should dare to advance such a doctrine in Paris, woold receive a lodging in the Bafile ; and yet the French are Papilts.' This Writer, however, has not told us how the court of Rome relished the cardinal's moderation, in allowing this power to be only indirect; nor how a man, who should dare to dispute the pope's power in Rome or Madrid, would be lodged !

Though Mr. Coghlan now chufes to claim the French nation as brother Papists, he well knows, that they are not universally accepted as Papilts of the most sound orthodox stamp; and that on other occasions, the Gallican church would be as readily disowned by the catholic churches of osher countries, as it is now convenient to acknowledge it. Art. 31. A Letter to the Reverend Mr. Browne, Author of

Sunday Thoughts, &c. On the Downfall of Antichrift: Wherein is considered the Opinion of the Right Reverend the Bishop of Bristol, concerning the Seven Churches, in bis Lord'hip’s Dissertations on the Prophecies of the Old and New Testaments. By the Reverend A. Maddock, of Creaton, Northamptonshire. 8vo. I s.

Matthews. 1779. The particular topic on which this Writer contends with the Bishop of Bristol, regards the epiltles to the seven churches. His Lord hip has observed, that “ the main subjects of this book are comprised in sevens; seven churches, seven seals, feven trumpets, and seven vials.” But he contends, as many others do, that the seven epiftles to the churches are not prophetical of so many fucceeding periods and ftates of the church, from its beginning to the end of the world, but only descriptive of each particular church to whom the epiftles are addressed. This point Mr. Maddock dif. putes,

and his aim is to prove the contrary. The epistles to the leven churches, he apprehends, are prophetical, and do most frik ingly divide themselves, and, in general, fix their own periods.

Thele periods, he accordingly considers, much in the same way that some other writers on this book have done before him, fuppofing, that we are now in the Sardian Aate of the church, which commenced at the reformation, but is waxing old and wearing away, to make room for the Philadelphian ftare, now about to appear, in which, it is said, will be the glorious millenium. The epiftle to the church of Sardis, our Author observes, is 10 ftrongly characteristic


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