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is a breach of the Mosaic injunction against sealing. But it is much to be doubred whether a notable houlewile, when the finds a fly opportunity of getting a pound of tea, a piece of Brussels, or a gallon of nice Hollands for her own use, will think herself bound by the Jewith decalogue, provided he can elude the pains and penalties of a Britilh act of parliament.
Sometimes mankind err in practice, when their intentions may be acquitted ; but in the above cases, these good ladies, though they always cunningly mean to defraud their country, are often pese fectly innocent in the fact ; by thinking as little of the duifer as they do of the eighth commandment. II. Tbe Neceflity of a National Reformation. -Occasioned by the pre
fent critical State of the Nation,-at the Parish Church of Leeds, July 11, 1779, and published by Reques. By Miles Atkinson, A.B. 8vo. 6d. Wallis, &c. Mr. Atkinson contends that sin is the source of all calamity, and that to repent and turn through Jesus Chritt unto God, is the way to safety and peace.'-This Gentleman preaches to a congregation of Christians, not philosophers. III. Preparation for Death-Preached at the Interment of Mr. Sa
muel Knight, late of Shoreditch, near Taunton, Somerset (who was killed by the Fall of a Wall, Dec. 28, 1778, in the 411 Year of his Age). By Thomas Reader. 12mo. 3 d. Buckland,
This Author lately diftinguished himself as a great calculator :not in the same line with the ingenious Dr. Price, but in a lina quite out of the Doctor's reach, or indeed that of any other man of mere common sense. He hath' plunged deep in futuriiy, and having feen, he tells
“ Of things invisible to morial sight!". His present discourse, though not so profound as his Apocalyptical Vifions t, is tinctured with the same dark hue of myfticism. We give Mr. Reader ample credit for his piety, which is undoubted ; but we wish he would allow his good sense to check his fanaticism.
There is a warmth of colouring in some of his expresions, suitable enough to a popolar and illiterate audience; but we apprehend that only the lowest and grosseft part of the Diflenters can hear, without disgust, such an expression as this— It certainly becomes us to ask with a kind of infinite solicitude. • Is the dart which is to dislodge me from earth, now fleeping in tbe milk and honey of God's gracions covenant, or in the vengeance of God's justice ?'-To have given an air of confiftency to this curious antithesis, he mould have compared the justice of God to vinegar and gall.
But we will not attempt to mend what ought to be totally reprobated as injurious to religion, and disgraceful to the pulpit. IV. The Duty and Character of a national Soldier, Jan. 2, 1779, at
the High Church in Hull, before the Nottinghamshire Militia, commanded by Lord George Sutton, on the Delivery of the Colours to the Regiment. 8vo. 6 d. Johnson.
We cannot conceive why the name of the Preacher is with-held from this very sensible and animated publication. It is really an excellent discourse, and cannot fail of doing honour to its Author. + See Review for January, p. 75.
The friends of civil liberty will be peculiarly pleased with his senti. ments on that head. Surely the worthy Preacher was not afraid left offence thould be taken at tbofe fentiments! V. A1 New Broad-Street, Aug. 1, 1779, on the Death of the late Rev. Caleb Fleming, D. D. who departed this Life July 21, in the gift Year of his Age. By John Palmer. With the Oration de Jivered at the loterment, by Joseph Towers. 8vo. is. Johnson, A respectable commemoration of a very respectable character.
CORRESPONDENCE.. TN answer to the quere of Philodomus (Vid Rev. July, laft page) I a Correspondent has sent us the following extract from Leigh's Body of Divinity, inserted in a treatise of —-* Lawson's, printed in 1703, ch. 5. Of the Rise of Mufical Instruments in the Churches professing Chriftianity. “Instruments of Music were not heard of in the Latin church, till the days of Pope Vitalian, who, about the year 660, invented and brought the use of Organs into the church.”
Balæni Angliæ Episcopus, &c. Our Correspondent adds, that an Abbot named Benedictus, brought with himn from Rome, in the year 724, one John the arch-chaunter; who first taught the Englith how to fing in the choir, after the man. ner of Rome; but that Sternhold and Hopkins were the firit who composed the Psalms of David in English metre.
Be The Same Correspondent informs us that Mr. Carr, the translator of Lucian, “is the very respectable Master of a boarding school in great repute, at Hertford :' this in answer to a note at the end of our Review for June.
... To the Correspondent who inquires concerning the further conlideration of Dr. Kippis's Biographia Britannica,' we reply,the subject will be resumed on the appearance of the second volume.
The N. B. from the fame Correspondent, relating to a matter of business, in the Publisher's department, is referred to Mr. Becket; who will answer the Gentleman's inquiry, if favoured with his address.
ttt Robertsonioni's Letter is received, and the “ Prize E says" therein mentioned will be considered.
$19 The explanation of the proverbial phrase to “ Bear the Bell,” being a matter somewhat foreign from our plan, has been fent to the St. James's Chronicle, and was inserted in that paper of Sept. 21.
*1* The Bishop of Offory's Harmony of the Gospels, and Marshall's Experiments and Obfervations concerning Agriculture and the Weaiher, in our next.
* The wafer has rendered the name illegible; but it seems to be John or James, or something - Lawson. We have not the book 10 consuli.
Art. I. Experiments and Observations concerning Agriculture and the
Wrather. 'By Mr. Marshall, Author of the “Minutes of Agricul.
1 to every other endowment, considering that he was then a very young man, appears not a little extraordinary, and is a convincing proof that he was not, even at that period, destitute of a very considerable share of that estimable quality he wished to possess in still greater perfection ; but in the eyes of most young men, the brilliancy of GENIUS seems more irresistibly alluring, although to such as are of riper years, it is often evident that this endowment more frequently proves hurtful than beneficial to its poffeffors, as it occasions a nicety of perception, and a keen irritability of temper, ill adapted to the ordinary occurrences of life. Convinced of this fact, Erasmus endeavoured to solace himself for the inconveniencies which had accrued to him from this cause, by writing his eulogium of FOLLY; and a later author *, with less wit, has more pathetically described the troubles that environ the man who is possesed of talents superior to those which the generality of mankind can boast.
This observation occurred to us on reading the work which is the subject of the present Article, and which is the production of a writer, who (if we mistake not) will, in time, feel the justness of these reflections still more forcibly than ourselves : for throughout the whole of his remarks we discover evident proofs of a lively and penetrating genius, running rapidly forward, in a career, in which he will be followed by few. He does not seem aware, that those who are the least able to
• Dr. John Gregory, in his Comparative Vieru, &c.
comprehend the excellences of his performance, will not only be most willing, but most able to discover its defects, and will be most successful, likewise, in pointing out those defects to others : for the little mind, incapable of comprehending the general plan of any great design, creeps along, pries into every trile, catches at minute defects, and faithfully points them out to the multitude, whose contracted optics take in the same nar- . sow range with itself t.
Old as we are now become in our literary labours, and accustomed to remark, for many years, the effects of different circumstances on the minds of men, it is hard to say whether, in many cases, we derive greater pleasure or pain from the perufal of works of genius. If we were to consider only ourselves,
+ There is a fiertè, a species of haughtiness in behaviour, too natural to men of talents, which it were happy for themselves if they could correct, as it is perhaps the source of more uneasiness than they can be aware of. We meet with a strong and most disgusting example of this, toward the end of the advertisement prefixed to the present volume. " The farm, says he, was let to a neighbour, whose birth, parentage, and education ; life, character, and — BEHAVIOUR, are jointly and severally-not worth recording.'— The pale. fage is printed, as we have given it.
Notwithstanding our tenderness, and avowed partiality, for this Author, it is impossible for us to find words sufficiently expressive of our dislike of the foregoing passage; which is altogether unworthy of a place in any literary work. Leaving it, therefore, as indefenfi. ble, in a liberal view, we shall only remonstrate with our Author on its impropriety with regard to himself. Mr. M. here assumes, with the utmost arrogance, a pre-eminence over his neighbour, to which it is very possible his own vanity alone gives him a title. In certain respects it is highly probable our Author has greatly the advantage over his neighbour; in others, perhaps, the neighbour may excel - our Author and the wafpishness of this remark is a strong presumption with us that it is fo.
But granting it Mould be otherwise. Allowing even that this neighbour mould be a much more insignificant person than he really is; if our Author has superior talents, ought he not to exercise these talents in cultivating a more liberal disposition of mind than can be expected from those to whom nature has been less bountiful? Ought he not also to know, that people of inferior abilities may be as vain of their talents as others, and must be more shocked at any contemptuous treatment than men of greater parts would be, because it preffes more upon the fore heel? Why then should he wil. fully hurt them? It indicates a littleness of mind, to be capable of doing this, of which we hope our Author would be ashamed. Let him, moreover, be reminded, that indulging fallies of this kind, is usually attended by the most disagreeable consequences to the age , gresior; it irritates beyond a poflibility of forgiveness; and may excite a chirit of vengeance which never can be satiated.
we should, in general, be highly pleased with these performances, because it is in these only we discover that novelty which can keep the mind from falling into a languid indifference, so natural to age; and because it helps to recal to memory the days of our youth, when the animal spirits, warm and glowing with beneficence, leaped with joy at the prospect of any thing that promised to be extensively useful: but when we turn our eyes to the authors of these works, and pass in ideal review the various disappointments that we forelee thickly rising around them, an involuntary sigh escapes us, we embrace them as the children of our love, but we mourn over them as destined to struggle with difficulties which we are unable to avert.
When we reviewed the former work of this Author, these were our sensations,—nor are they changed by the perusal of the present performance. We saw him there sporting without fear. We see him here beginning to learn a little caution, but still hurried forward by the irresistible bent of his own genius. We discover fewer exuberancesmless attachment to novelty and a somewhat greater degree of diffidence; but we do not perceive that the Author has yet obtained a clear view of the arduous nature of the undertaking in which he is engaged. Like Charles the Twelfth of Sweden, he seems to estimate the strength of other men by his own : than which nothing could be more fallacious. An apostle has said, that all things that are possible are not expedientand an ancient legislator declared, that though his laws were not the most perfect which could be framed, they were the best that those people for whom they were intended could bear. In these sayings we discover much good sense, and we earnestly with that every improver would carefully attend to them.
This volume consists of a few experiments on agriculture, with some observations upon them, communicated to the Public chiefly with a view to serve as a model for the manner of recording agricultural experiments. As no explanatory words could give the reader such a proper idea of this operation as a Specimen of the work, we shall subjoin an extract from it, after having premised, that the Author prefixes to his book a · plan of his farm, on which the several fields are delineated which fields are, for easy reference, distinguished simply by letters, as A, B, C, &c. and the several subdivisions are also marked, as A1, A 2, &c. &c. An account of the nature of the Toil-exposure, and other particulars, of each field, is also given-and its extent is marked in a separate table.