Asian Medical Systems: A Comparative Study

Voorkant
Charles M. Leslie
Motilal Banarsidass Publishe, 1998 - 419 pagina's
Asian Medical Systems provide fascinating opportunities to observe directly practices that continue ancient scientific modes of thought, and to analyse the historical processes that meditate their relationship to modern science and technology. Three great traditions of medical science evolved during antiquity in the Chinese, Indian, and Mediterranean civilizations, all based on humoral conceptions of health and illness. Folk curers throughout the world continue to practice humoral medicine, but in Asia along educated physicians maintain its learned traditions. Thus, in these societies the great and little traditions of humoral medicine coexist with cosmopolitan medicine, which draws upon modern science and modes of professional organization. This volume has been designed to show how research on Asian medicine opens a new field of scholarship, the comparative study of medical systems. Such a book requires the skills of authors with many kinds of training, and those who have contributed essays to this volume are trained in history, sociology, anthropology, public health, pharmacology, epidemiology, cosmopolitan medicine, and philosophy.
 

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Inhoudsopgave

Introduction Charles Leslie
1
The Practice of Medicine in Ancient and Medieval India
18
Secular and Religious Features of Medieval Arabic Medicine
44
The Intellectual and Social Impulses Behind the Evolution
63
The Soviet Variant Mark G Field
82
Total Labor Force and Health Workers USA and USSR 19301969
96
The Sociology of Modern Medical ResearchRenee C Fox
102
Disease Morbidity and Mortality in China India and the Arab
120
Chinese Traditional Etiology and Methods of Cure in Hong Kong
243
Systems and the Medical Practitioners of a Tamil Town
272
The Place of Indigenous Medical Practitioners in the Modernization
285
Beliefs About Causes of Cholera
292
Beliefs About Causes of Diarrhea
294
The Social Organization and Ecology of Medical Practice
300
Resort to Western and Traditional Chinese Medical Systems
312
Yasuo Otsuka
319

Traditional Asian Medicine and Cosmopolitan Medicine as Adaptive
133
The Cultural and Interpersonal Context of Everyday Health
159
Strategies of Resort to Curers in South IndiaAlan R Beals
184
Rupees Spent on Medical Treatment of Critical Illness of Male
193
The Impact of Ayurvedic Ideas on the Culture and the Individual
201
Five Diseases Which FinalYear Students in the College of Ayurveda
218
The Social Organization of Indigenous and Modern Medical Practices
227
Chinese Traditional Medicine in JapanYasuo Otsuka
322
Number of Practitioners of Some Traditional Therapeutic
338
The Ideology of Medical Revivalism in Modern ChinaRalph
341
The Ambiguities of Medical Revivalism in Modern India
356
Indigenous Medicine in Nineteenth and TwentiethCentury Bengal
368
Some Suggestions
383
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