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self to the Lord by prayer, and therein He fully mon by Mr. John Moncrieff, in a barn there, on did satisfy my mind that we were broke, and Obadiah, wherein I got much satisfaction. After that it was not yet time, nor were we meet sermon I retired to the fields, where the Lord for deliverance; and considering the divisions helped me to pour out my heart before Him amongst them, I was made to bless the Lord | with weeping and supplication for many things, we were broke, rather than we should have both in behalf of myself, the church, my parents, destroyed one another.'
and other friends left behind me, and to plead as This fatal defeat, known as the battle of Both- to my guiding and assistance where I was going; well Brig, was the end of the insurrection; but and I hope He who gave me a heart to plead to James Nimmo it was the beginning of troubles. with Him, at that time, also heard my requests.
"I was often made to lie in cold barns that .... September 4, 1680, we took journey, winter; yet I enjoyed much pleasant quietness and the 8th we came to Inshork, Park's house in in my mind, though cold, and bad diet, and not Moray. ... And it pleased the Lord to give timely, did affect my body. And in the spring me favour in the sight of all I had to do with, thereafter, I used to come home early, and direct and made those I was to stay with more tender my father's servants to their work, and retire of me than my father and mother, the which again to the fields, having still a watchful eye, was very encouraging to me, and my mind was and under fear of the enemy; and at night I much calmed, and made the more to serve the went to some retired place, and lay sometimes | Lord with rejoicing and gladness of heart.' in one barn, and sometimes in another.
In Moray James became acquainted with a One night, lying down in a little barn, be- man greatly esteemed in the church, Mr. Thomas longing to an old, honest servant of my father's, Hogg, formerly minister of Kiltearn, whom he I found myself very weary, and my body dis describes as that signally holy man of God, tressed, and therefore resolved that, if it pleased who was a true father in our Israel, and to the Lord to give me rest, I would lie a while whom all that feared the Lord had a great longer than my ordinary next morning, which I deference; yea, enemies themselves. He being did. And it was a merciful providence; for the not only endowed with much of the mind of old servant, having been at the head of his own God, but also with much of a clear judgment, yard, where he could easily see my father's house, and a solid sound mind, and albeit courteous to coming in by the end of his barn, met his wife, all; yet he would not omit with authority to reand says to her (so as I heard), “ Alas! for I prove sin in any, but with such gaining wisdom fear James is taken; for there is a party of horse- that all feared him. The godly loved him, and men on his father's green !" for he knew not but enemies could find nothing against him, except that I was gone early as I used. The which I in the matters of his God,—therein he would not hearing, immediately rose, and came out, which yield a hoof,--and yet managed with that respect made them glad. So I, casting off my coat, put and discretion towards his enemies that often on a cotter man's, and went to a moss hard by, they were made to admire him; for, in his Master's and wrought among peats, I knew not for whom. concerns, he spoke as one having authority, yet The enemy came by and by again, after they without the least evidence of rancour or irrihad missed me and rifled my father's house. tation.' They passed and repassed to several houses by James Nimmo remained with Park till Decemthe moss in my view, and I busy working in the ber 1681, when he left him, finding that he had cotter man's coat, and so they missed me, at | ‘no freedom to engage with cesses, and militia, which I was glad, and desired to bless the Lord and in paying kirkmen,' which his position as for inclining me to lie so long in bed, and deter- overseer required him to do. The payment of mining me where to go and work for my safety cess was a tax particularly distasteful to the when I rose. And though they got some of my Presbyterians of those days, as it was levied for clothes, which they took with them, they missed the express purpose of keeping up troops to the substance.'
coerce their own party. He now entered into He now resolved, if possible, to escape to an engagement with Brodie of Lethen, to manage Holland, and took leave of his parents, intending his affairs, and thus describes his entrance into to sail by a ship, the mate of which was one of his new home : The night I went there, being his relations. But on going to Bo'ness for this under some weights, my ordinary reading was purpose, he found that the wind did not serve to Ps. xxxvii., and I met with some comfort from sail, and was disappointed for that day, which it, and the more that the laird that night gave him an opportunity of going to see his caused sing a part of that psalm. Yet, partly
outed minister, Mr. William Crighton, at Bal- | through weights in my mind, and partly by unlancrieff. Here he met the Lady Park Hay, acquaintedness in the family, I was somewhat from Morayshire, who, on hearing of his in cast down, and attained to little freedom theretention, persuaded him to alter his course, and from for some weeks.' to go north with her husband, the Laird of Park, His friends in Moray now strongly recomto take charge of his affairs as chamberlain in his mended James to take to himself a wife. They estates in Moray.
even took the trouble to select one for him, and Upon the 24th August 1680, having caused pointed out one Elizabeth Brodie, a gentlePark buy me a horse, I came to Edinburgh, and woman of good friends, and truly pious,' a on the morrow crossed the ferry and came to character well borne out, both by her life and Kirkcaldy, Pathhead, and on the Sabbath, being her own writings. She was of the family of the 28th, I was unexpectedly trysted with ser- Brodie of Brodie, a cousin of Brodie of Lethen; and it speaks well for the estimation in which north to put the laws, which were iniquitous, James Nimmo was held, that he met with nothing to vigorous execution by military force. but kindness from her relations. He made a 'I desired to plead the Lord would clear up journey to the south, at great risk, to consult my way, and thought I wan to some submission his father, and finding him not refractive,' and to his will, to go wherever He called me, if He the lady herself being 'not refractive,' the would go with me. But oh! there is often a matter was at last settled. Her father was dead, flaw in our faith, and in our submission. I but her friends, ‘Brodie, Lethen, Windyhills, and desired to lay out several plans before Him; but Maine, with her eldest brother John, and Mill still no clearness where to go, but only to himtown,' held a meeting with him to arrange the self to rely, plead, and wait. contract, and it was subscribed. But a diffi-| On Wednesday the 11th March 1683, I went culty arose anent our being proclaimed at the east to Pluscardine again' (where his wife lived), church by the Episcopal precentor, the which to | •and in some few days after met with several do neither of us had freedom for; and after things, as it were, forcing me from that place. trying of several outed ministers to marry us | First, two of Giddy Mackenzie's sentinels were without proclamation, they refused out of fear coming to my mother-in-law's house, and a boy of danger. Yet blessed Mr. Hogg, though under came running in and told it. I was suddenly adbond to answer the king's council when called, vertised thereof, and coming down stairs I put condescended to do it, seeing others had refused, on the boy's bonnet, and slipt out towards ane and appointed Monday morning, December 4th, | auld abbacie that was hard by, and when I was for that end, where I advertised some godly there I thought fit to slip into an old vault, and friends to be witnesses, where at Mr. Hogg's own deliberate what to do. I was but a little there house it was solemnized, and the Lord evidenced till the two soldiers came to the door of that his presence to the conviction of severals. ... same vault, and righted the works of their Now, having been married privately, both for muskets; but that place of the vault was dark our own, and blessed Mr. Hogg's own safety, where I was, that they saw not me, but I them, after taking a small refreshment with him, we and I put my hand upon my cravat lest it had parted and went home, ..., and continued appeared white and discovered me. But they living at a distance, upon the former reason, for went away, and in a little thereafter a servantsome months.'
maid of my mother-in-law's came to the door James had foreseen the difficulties attendant | where I was, and I called to her, and asked on his marriage, and our readers may be glad where the soldiers were. She told me they to be spared the perusal of the many pages of were gone into a change-house. I desired her his diary, which are filled with his anxieties and quickly to be gone, and in a little I resolved to misgivings on this subject. This makes it the go out, and walked straight forward from the more wonderful that his friends, and especially house, and I was hardly well out till the soldiers 'blessed Mr. Hogg, should have so strongly urged came after me. But I resolved to keep them at him to matrimony, which was certainly not in some distance, and walked forward about a mile, accordance with the advice of St. Paul in times they still coming after me. At length I cast a of persecution. Elizabeth Brodie proved an ex- hill betwixt them and me, and returned another cellent wife, however, and bore her part nobly way. in the trials of their lot, both at home and during The thing that made me more concerned at their subsequent years of exile abroad, as we this time was, some days before, blessed Mr. may perhaps have an opportunity of illustrating | Hogg had sent his godly servant, William Balby extracts from her diary, which forms the loch, seven or eight miles express to desire me counterpart of that of her husband.
to take care of myself, for my Lord Doune, and About this time a fresh impulse seemed to be | Kilravock, with some others, being at a ball in given to the persecution, and as Nimmo's prin Kilravock House, Doune was heard by the serciples were well known, he was no longer safe in vant that was serving them to swear, that if I Moray. In this, as in all his concerns, he recog- was in Moray, he would secure me in prison, nised a hand beyond that of man. It seemed which I was not willing of seeing. Then there the Lord did see a need be to force me out of that was nothing for me but death or sinful complace, to which my affections were several ways pliance. engaged; but both friends' fear of themselves and Soon after this he left Moray. But we reserve of me, made them wish me out of it, for Giddy | the account of his journey south, and other adMackenzie, with his company of foot, was coming ventures, to a future chapter.
A SUBLIME FAITH. Faith rests with confidence on the word of God, I questions, to test her knowledge of the Scripassured that his promises cannot fail. When tures, and the strength and depth of her piety. one has right views of the divine character, he | At last he asked, “Janet, what if God, after all feels that he could sooner doubt his own exist. He has done, should break his promise, and drop ence than doubt the promises of God. The Bible you into hell?' The poor woman promptly reitself furnishes no finer illustration of a sublime plied: 'Let Him do e'en as He likes. If He faith, than the following reply of a poor Scotch does, He'll lose mair than I do!' woman to Rev. John Brown of Harddington. It would be hard for any one to go beyond this
Mr. Brown had been pressing her with hard in right conceptions of the faitbfulness of God.
Words in Season.
| hatred and contempt, God treats Him as infinitely
worthy of all honour in earth and heaven. BY THE EDITOR.
II. The crucifiers. They were, as we have seen, ACTS 11. 36–38.
'the house of Israel;' but this is not the point to This is part of the first sermon preached under which I ask your attention here. They are accused the Christian dispensation. It was preached by of an awful crime. They had deliberately united Peter, who, some seven weeks before, had thrice to crucify denied the Lord ; not by John, the beloved dis. (1.) An innocent man. – One who had done ciple. It was preached in Jerusalem, not far from nothing amiss ; one against whom no charge was the spot where the Lord was crucified. It was substantiated; one whom their own law would preached to those who had slain Him. It was have acquitted of having done anything worthy of preached immediately after a remarkable outpour. death. ing of the Spirit, and by one full of the Spirit. It (2.) A good man.- A bad man may be, in respect is strangely calm and unimpassioned; no exagger. of certain charges, quite innocent, but this man ated description, no strong language, no sensation. |
was more. He was rigbteous, and He was good; It is a simple narrative about Jesus. He who spoke He had said and done nothing but what was good it manifestly trusted to some power beyond his
wer beyond his | all his life. His had been a life of pure and holy own to give effect to it; to something in the simple love. facts themselves to work the end desired. He (3.) A prophet.- One of their own rulers had spoke as a witness and a reprover, not as an orator confessed Him as 'a teacher sent from God ;' and or a logician. Yet, as for its simplicity, so for its his whole life proclaimed Him a prophet, greater effects, it is one of the most marvellous sermons in word and deed than any of their ancient ones. ever preached. A child could understand it, yet (4.) The Lord of glory. - The Son of God, in the three thousand men were overwhelmed by it. It truest sense of the expression ; Son of the Highest; is a true specimen of preaching or speaking in the equal with God; truly divine. Holy Ghost. Such should our preaching be. This (5.) Their own Messiah.—The very Christ whom would keep us 'abreast of the age;' this would their prophets predicted; whom they and their meet the infidel, and confound him; this would be fathers had been expecting ; their King and Lord. better than eloquence, or science, or the enticing They were thus not merely murderers, but no words of man's wisdom. This would do the work | ordinary ones; criminals in the highest and darkest of God.
sense; their hands red with innocent blood-the The three verses which we have read bring be blood of their own Messiah, the blood of God! fore us-(1) The crucified One ; (2) The crucifiers; III. The connection between the Crucified and the (3) The connection between the latter and the crucifiers for evil and for good. former both for evil and good.
(1.) For evil. For condemnation. It was this I. The crucified One. Let us note concerning that they felt so awfully when the apostle had this
stated the simple facts. (1) .They were pricked (1.) Who He was.—That same Jesus. Yes, in their heart;' (2) They cried out, What shall Jesus of Nazareth ; He who was born at Bethle we do?' A full sense of their awful criminality hem, who went about doing and speaking only flashed through them. They were murderers; the good.
worst murderers the world ever saw; the murderers (2.) What was done to Him. He was betrayed, of their Lord and Christ. Then, indeed, condemtried, condemned, crucified, slain. All hatred was nation, infinite condemnation, was theirs. They displayed to Him, all shame poured upon Him; | had, perhaps, not actually nailed Him to the tree, the vilest and most terrible of deaths was inflicted but they had concurred in the deed. They were on Him.
guilty of his blood, and they did not seek to deny (3.) By whom was this done ?-By "his own;' | it. So is every sinner a concurrent in this infinite by • Israel,' the house of Israel—the Jews of Jeru. murder. This is God's charge against us: Ye salem. Not merely by Romans or Gentiles, but slew my Son.' Jews-by them who ought to have been foremost (2.) For good. This connection for evil might to welcome Him.
be disannulled, and a new one formed. An op(4.) What God has made Him.— Both Lord and portunity was to be given for disavowing their Christ.' "The stone which the builders rejected, deed ; and that disavowal was not only to disconhas been made the head of the corner. Both nect them with all the evil they had incurred, but Lord and Christ !' All that the prophets predicted | was to connect them with all the good which Mes
erning the Seed of the woman; all that Israel siah came to bring. They would then be treated was expecting; all that could be comprehended of by God as if they had welcomed Him from the power, and dignity, and authority, and glory, and first. Not only would they receive remission of excellency, in these two names, are given by God sins, but also the gift of the Holy Ghost. •Believe to this same Jesus. Whatever man may think of in the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved.' Him, God's thoughts of Him are of the highest | Believe in Him, and thou shalt receive the Spirit, kind. Whatever Israel may do to Him, to show and with Him all present and eternal blessing.
SAUL'S MELANCHOLY AND DAVID'S MUSIC.*
HE melancholy of the king naturally | in question or to deny anything testified in his
lay like a dark pall over the souls sacred book; so deeply rooted in the seed of of all the courtiers, yea, spread its | Abraham was faith in the divine origin and insorrowful, gloomy shadow even over fallible authority of the Scriptures,-a faith which
the surrounding neighbourhood. it was all the easier for the Israelites to entertain, 'In the light of a king's countenance,' says inasmuch as they were constant ear and eye-witSolomon, is life ; but the wrath of the king is nesses of the power and the signs by which God, a messenger of death.' The truth of this latter at one time here, and at another time there, gave saying was now felt throughout almost the whole testimony to the seers and prophets, who were land. The royal servants advised this and that the instruments of his revelations. What we for the purpose of trying to set free from his further wonder at, in the courtiers of King Saul, dismal state of mind their high lord, whose is, first, the clearness with which they recognised palace was now more like a dull chamber of demoniacal agency in the disconsolate condition sorrow than the proud residence of a monarch of their master ; then the frankness, combined, The accustomed scenes of revelry, shows, ban- | indeed, with the deepest respectfulness, with quets, spectacles, dancing, and such like, are which they, regardless of the consequences which denied to the servants. Then at last there oc- | might arise to them from such a step, announced curred to them, as one would say, a happy their opinion of his case, which was by no means thought.' They appeared before their master, | flattering to him; and, finally, the suitableness and said to him, “Behold now, an evil spirit of the counsel which they felt themselves confrom God troubleth thee. Let our lord now strained to give to him. They recommend to command thy servants, which are before thee, | him the power of music as a means for relieving to seek out a man who is a cunning player on his mind, but with a wise discriminating judgan harp: and it shall come to pass, when the ment regarding its character. There was, inevil spirit from God is upon thee, that he shall | deed, no lack of musicians at the court at Gibeah; play with his hand, and thou shalt be well. but they appear to have been devoid of the quali
What a saying was this! Does not the pene- | fications which were at this time needed. The tration of these people who, in forming a judg- servants knew well the power of music to proment regarding the melancholy of their master, duce, according to its kind and quality, not less did not look at the surface, but descended into the most depraved than the holiest impressions. the depths of the matter, excite our surprise ? Music can unfctter the most destructive passions; Are we not astonished at the far-reaching en- | but it can also, at least for a time, tame and lightenment which they here manifest in their mitigate the wildest storms of the human heart. knowledge of the existence of a world of fallen Whatever noble impulses, unobserved and slumspirits, whom Jehovah is wont to make use of, bering, may lie concealed within the breast of not seldom, for putting to trial his own people, man, may be aroused by music, and brought as well as for visiting with punishment the forth into the light of day ; but, at the same wicked ? Must we not conclude that they were time, it may also stir the vilest passions in the indeed already acquainted with the book of Job, lower regions of human nature, and accelerate and that it was a constituent part of their holy their maturity in action. The music which the canonical books ? An Israelite adhered to his servants of the king thought of was not that Bible under all circumstances, even when he was which pleases the world, and which only opens destitute of spiritual life, and his conduct was the door to unclean spirits, but such as, animated condemned by it. The testimonies of Moses and by a nobler inspiration, might insensibly elevate the prophets were to him in the last resort decisive the soul by its harmonious melody, as on angel's oracular sayings; and he would have been filled wings, towards heaven. They thought of the with amazement if any one had ventured to call harp, then the most solemn instrument of music,
and on the melodies which were wont to sound
forth in the sanctuary at the time of the sacred * From David the King of Israel. By F. W. KRUMMACHER, D.D. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark. Interest
festivals of Israel. And when the king, as if in ing, fresh, and graphic, like the other works of the
a waking dream, entered into the proposal of author of Elijah the Tishbite.
his well-meaning servants, and said to them, 23.-42.
• Provide me a man that can play well on the who are of like mind with them. On the report harp, and bring him to me,' one of them re- of this servant, messengers were sent immedimarked, “Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse theately to Jesse, to convey to him, in the name of Bethlehemite, that is cunning in playing, and a the king, the command, 'Send me thy son David, mighty valiant man, and a man of war, and who is with the sheep.' We may conceive how prudent in matters, and a comely person, and this would surprise Jesse. David was then in the Lord is with him.' Welcome information the fields with his father's flocks. The rememthis! He who communicated it proved himself brance of his former anointing by Samuel still hereby to be a man of understanding, in that he | lingered in his soul as a silent, and to him yet placed in the foreground those qualities of the unexplained, secret. In childlike freedom from musician he recommended, which he believed care he there played on his harp, and sang songs would at once secure the favour of the king; of praise and of homage to the Lord, and left it but, on the contrary, that which was to him the wholly in his hands to guide and order his future chief matter, and by which he principally ex- steps. But now, without any intimation of its pected the deliverance of the king from the demon purpose, he is suddenly summoned home. Obeof dejection, viz. the piety of the harper, and dient to his father's will, he led his sheep away, the fact that God was with him, he mentioned and when he came to him, learned, not perhaps last, as if it had been a trivial circumstance. It without surprise, yet at the same time with the is, indeed, greatly to be desired that they who equanimity of one who in simplicity confides in are called to the office of seeking to heal diseased a divine providence guiding all things, for what souls, and to help into the right path those who purpose he had been sent for. Prepared for any have erred from the ways of morality, should service to his king, he declared himself ready to not only possess piety, but also other mental | follow the messenger to Gibeah. Jesse also venendowments, such as are held in estimation by tured not to interpose any hindrance. Preparathe world ; and that it could be said of them, tions for his journey are immediately made. they are people of understanding and intelligence, | According to oriental custom, which permits men of mind and heart, thoroughly educated, not any one to approach a throne without a gift and of great experience. This would facilitate in his hands, Jesse made ready a mule, loaded it their intercourse with those whom, however much with bread and a bottle of wine, and added a they need counsel and consolation, an ignorant young kid of the goats; and with these homagerecoil from all serious religion has hitherto gifts for his prince, corresponding to the simple estranged from the gospel. Yet it happens, not habits of the times, he dismissed his beloved seldom, that even to such persons, after all the Benjamin, amid heartfelt and pious benedictions world's expedients for obtaining deliverance from David at length reaches Gibeah, carrying bis deeply-rooted sorrow that has fallen upon them harp hanging on his shoulder band, and is imhave been found to be only mockery, religion | mediately introduced to the king. Here now will be recommended as the last remedy, though they stand opposite each other-the one like tbe it may be reluctantly, by their own like-minded | clear shining of the sun in spring, the other like associates ; and that they will then, as if in de- a black thunder cloud, ominous of evil; the one spair, and not without painful self-restraint, | full of blooming, hopeful life, the other enveloped acting on their advice, give directions to have a in dark gloom arising from the realm of death. preacher, or some God-fearing man, who is at The king said to him, 'Play to me.' David the same time respected by them because of his bowed his head, and obeyed; and so sweet and pure human virtues, brought to them. And how grandly solemn was the music which flowed from frequently has the gospel, in such circumstances, the strings of his harp, that the clouded brow of proved itself to be a power of God,' which is the king began visibly to brighten, and the stern perfectly able to destroy every influence which features of his countenance strangely to become holds the soul in thraldom; and there has sub- relaxed and mild. It was a song without words, stantially, though with more lasting results, been whose soothing melody then fell upon the ear of frequently repeated what we here to-day see the king. Words corresponding to the music happen at the court at Gibeah !
| would have effected the contrary result to that How it was that the royal servant became which was aimed at, and might even have inacquainted with the young harper at Bethlehem, creased the ill temper of the king. There are then only nineteen years of age, we are not in
eteen years of age, we are not in- | even yet men enough of his sort,-persons withformed. But it is clear, from what he said to out faith, yea, at variance both with God and the king, that he was himself a God-fearing the world, whom solemn music is able most man ; and such men are wont, especially in those powerfully to delight, and in whom it awakens, times in which, as was then the case, the word at least for the time, dispositions which border of God is precious in the land, to meet with those on devotion and piety, while yet the world