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rest. He will find the same allusions, the same
• Jerusalem, Jerusalem, figures, the same passages of Scripture; he will
Would God I were in thec! find all but the Popish references to the Virgin
Oh that my sorrows had an end, and the saints, etc., which were thrust upon the
Thy joys that I might see!' original by the versifier or versifiers in England and, while singing, to hear the sound of a more in the end of the sixteenth century. Thus the distant and venerable voice from the shores of original of the hymn has nothing in it of Popery the Mediterranean, uttering the same words, and or superstition; and it is very evident that while breathing out the same melody: 'O Jerusalem, David Dickson had before him the English ver- my mother, holy city of God, dearest spouse of sion or versions formerly referred to, he had Christ; thee my heart loves ; for thy beauty my specially Augustine's chapter in his eye; for, soul longs with excessive desire! How fair, while he has more than doubled the length of how glorious, how noble, art thou! Altogether the English hymn, he has taken all his additions | beautiful; there is no spot in thee! ... Happy from Augustine, making his version a more exact should my soul for ever be, if I might be thought translation of that father than any of the pre-worthy to behold thy glory, thy blessedness, thy ceding bymns had been.
comeliness, thy gates, and walls, and streets, thy Here, then, we bring our researches to a many mansions, thy thrice noble citizens, and close. We wish that space had allowed us to be thy mighty King in his beauty. For thy walls somewhat minuter in details, and more abundant are of precious stones, thy gates of the most in extracts. But we have sketched the story of excellent pearls, thy streets of purest gold, in the old hymn, and our readers can go into | which a joyful Allelujah, without ceasing, is details for themselves. We found the rugged sung. Thy many mansions are founded upon old boulder upon the sandy hillocks of Irvine;' square stones, built up with sapphires, covered and we have traced its journeyings backward in with golden tiles, into which no one enters for no inconsiderable way. We have traced it from save the clean; no defilement dwells in thee.... Scotland to England, from England to France, | There charity reigns full and perfect, because crossing hill and dale. From France we have God is there all in all. Him without end they traced it to the shores of Africa, floated over the see; and in always seeing Him they beam with Mediterranean in the folios of a Latin father, | his love. They love and praise, they praise and having taken just about a thousand years in the love. Their whole employment is the praise of passage between Hippo and Irvine. A long God, without end, without flagging, without period, we may think, yet not by any means toil. Happy were 1,-yes, truly and eternally injurious either to the fragrance or the vigour of happy, if, after this frail body is dissolved, I the hymn ; nay, rather, by such a venerable age, might be deemed worthy to hear those songs of imparting a mellow tenderness and solemnity | heavenly melody which are sung to the praise of which a less antiquity would have failed to the Eternal King, by these citizens of the upper give.
country and the bands of blessed souls. ForIt is soothing to the soul to stroll along the tunate were I, and too blessed, if I were deemed Ayrshire strand, with the rustling bent' or the worthy to sing those songs, and to stand in the grey sand underfoot, the broad ocean in front, presence of my King, my God, my Captain, and Arran rising in abrupt majesty from its bosom, to behold Him in his glory, as He has conthe sun sinking down behind its island-hills, and descended to promise, saying, “Father, I will sending out a burst of radiance, as if it would that they whom Thou hast given me be with me splinter the obstructing peaks of Goatfell ; it is where I am," etc.; and again, “If any man serve soothing at such an hour, and in such a scene, me, let him follow me," etc. ; and again, “ He to sing to the ocean-solitude words which, two who loves me shall be loved of my Father, and I hundred years ago, had been sung to the same will love him, and will manifest myself to him.”' ocean :
WHAT LUTHER LOVED.
LUTHER, when studying, always had his dog | after a summer's rain. Music was his invariable lying at his feet-a dog he had brought from solace at such times. Indeed, Luther did not Wartburg, and of which he was very fond. An hesitate to say that, after theology, music was ivory crucifix stood at the table before him. He the first of arts. Music,' said he is the art worked at his desk for days together, without of the prophets; it is the only other art which, going out; but when fatigued, and the ideas like theology, can calm the agitation of the soul, began to stagnate, he took his guitar with him and put the devil to flight.' Next to music, if to the porch, and there executed some musical | not before it, Luther loved children and flowers. fantasy (for he was a skilful musician), when the That great gnarled man had a heart as tender ideas would flow upon him as fresh as flowers as a woman's.
The Treasury Hymnal.
The hymns are selected from Dr. Bonar's “Hymns of Faith and Hope.” The Letter-note Method of musical notation, by permission of Messrs. Colville & Bentley, is introduced as a help to young singers.
MARTYR’S HYMN. Words by HORATIUS Bonar, D.D.
Hindostanee Melody. Met. 82 = .
* * The letter is placed to the right when the note is sharpened, and to the left when it is flattened.
The good have been taken, their place is forsaken ;
The man and the maiden, the green and the grey :
The martyrs of Scotland that now are away!
The blood of the martyrs has redden'd the clay ;
For the faithful are perished, the good are away ;
On the wastes of the moorland their bodies decay ;
Though far from their kindred they moulder away.
Like the cloud of the desert, by night and by day;
The martyrs of Scotland that now are away!
DIARY OF A COVENANTER.
JENUINE autobiographies have almost no will to let me go abroad, in which I think the
always some kind of value; but merciful hand of God may be seen by considering
persecution for their faith, such father in farming ; but though an only son, he writings cannot fail to deserve attention. They was treated with great severity, and his life cast light on the modes of thought of their day ; seems to have been far from happy. He scarcely they reveal, often almost unintentionally, matters mentions his mother, who was one of the Mures unnoticed by historians; and when written by i of Rowallan; and from all he says of his father's those whose simple truthfulness is apparent on house, we should think that it was not from the every page, they may be accepted not only as influences of his home that he received his refaithful pictures of individual characters, but ligious impressions, for he seemed to have met as types of a large class, trained under similar with little sympathy there. In 1676 he had a teaching, and influenced by similar circumstances. severe fever, and at that time he mentions the
A set of memoirs is before us, written by diffe visit of Mr. William Crichton ('our outed minirent members of a family of Presbyterians, during ster'), as having for a time produced some imthe reigns of Charles II. and James II. They pression on his mind; but still he remained in reveal glimpses both of the inner life and the great ignorance of the way of salvation till the outward history of the writers; and though following circumstance occurred. there is little of the picturesque or romantic “Some nights thereafter, Mr. James Donaldson, in the story of their lowly lives, and little of an outed minister, was at Whytlaw, about half anything like literary talent in their simple a mile distance, who was to exercise privately; narratives, they have the charm of being true, to which place, though mighty low in body and and, as such, afford a useful study. When we unfit for travel, I went. And their ordinary in contrast those times with our own, we may well reading fell to be 1 Samuel xxiii., where he spoke ask ourselves, if our own faith would be found as how David sought several times counsel of the stedfast as theirs were it tried as severely. In Lord what to do, and it is still said, “ The Lord reading their lives, we find that the sorely per- answered him;" and so he held out, that as David secuted Christians of those days were deeply in then sought counsel, so ought we still in everyearnest. They thought less of hardships than of thing we are concerned in. And although the their inward conflicts; and, in the same way, the Lord did not answer now by an audible voice, deliverances for wbich they give thanks to God yet to them that could win singly and seriously are often rather those of the spirit than of to seek Him for counsel, He could bear home the body,—soul refreshings' from some verse of with clear and convincing efficacy upon their Scripture brought seasonably to mind, and 'dis- spirits the answer of their requests, and make coveries of the Lord's kindness,' which filled their them as firmly to believe it as if He spoke with hearts with joy, and more than made up for all an audible voice. Which expressions, being so their trials.
evidently cleared from the word, I thought be. Without pausing to discuss further the peculiar longed to my case, and was made to believe it aspect of their religious life, or the means by was so, and that there was ground for me yet to which it was sustained in those hard times, we plead with the Lord. So, returning home some proceed to enable our readers to examine it for more settled in mind, I began again to seek Him themselves, by presenting them with extracts by prayer. And some nights after, being in from some of those old writings, connected by great distress and straitenedness in my mind, just so much of narrative as will explain them. and like to sink, it pleased the Lord powerfully And the first of our memoirs is that of James to dart in that Scripture (Matt. ix. 2), when the Nimmo. He commences his history by giving man sick of the palsy was brought to Him, and some account of his ancestors, who had been for was borne, and could not go, and Christ said, several generations possessed of lands in the “Son, be of good cheer, thy sins be forgiven parish of Bathgate, Linlithgowshire. James was thee." This was made very suitable to my case. born in 1654, and educated, first at the parish I could do nothing for myself more than the poor school of Bathgate, and afterwards at that of man in the palsy. I then got some view of the Stirling, where he was boarded with a good blessed covenant of redemption, and it came with master, and remained till he was seventeen years such efficacy that all my discouragements were of age, when being, as he tells us, 'resolved not gone, and my fears of wrath gone, and intimato follow my book, I began to think of some | tions of his free love and pardon made known other way of bestowing myself in some employ- | with much light, life, and inexpressible sweetness ment, and at length, by Greenyard's and my and joy in my soul; so that I wan to much father's advice and consent, it was resolved upon freedom, admiring the freeness and richness of to bind me with a relation, one Matthew Cum- his grace and mercy, so that I could nerer ming, merchant in Glasgow. But when this, by express what I found, but was made to praise all rational means, was essayed, and we went again and again, and rejoice in Him. I thought there, by a very small matter it misgave, and there was not any in that case but myself, and my father called me home to himself; and then that I could not live long; and then being supthe Dutch war falling out with England, he had plied with secret strength and light from him
self, I wan step by step still to see more and Now here I must observe that in all my more of my own vileness, and was made to abhor former trouble and outgate, I still wanted that and detest myself because of sin, but still made free and full discovery of Christ, in his nature to exalt Him for owning such a miserable wretch and offices, particularly as our Brother and only as I was. And I wan more and more to see my Mediator. .... So in many things this was own wants, and to plead for supply from Him, as a second law work and conversion, and and sweetly to believe that He heard my requests, clearer light and confirmation.' and sensibly answered the same. He made my Events now took place which were to affect heart delight in his laws and in all his ways, and the whole course of James Nimmo's future life, bless Him that I was not cast into hell long since; and to subject him for many years to banishyea, although He should yet cast me there, I had ment and constant danger. He thus describes ground to justify Him, considering my deservings, the rising in arms of the Covenanters in Avonand love Him for what He had done to my soul. dale, and their success at Drumclog, where And many a sweet blink of his favour in prayer Claverhouse at the head of his own troop of and meditation was I trysted with, and with horses, and two companies of dragoons, attacked strong resolutions coming in my mind to be for a conventicle assembled for worship, and received Him, and being inexpressibly supported in this a signal defeat. way.'
Now, in the beginning of June this year This happy state continued for a time; but at 1679, Clavers and his troops coming against a last, he says, “I began too much to idolize what field meeting of the oppressed Presbyterians on I had attained, and look too much to my own the Sabbath-day, the people being still in fears, strength,' the effects of which were soon seen in severals went to the meeting in their arms, in loss of peace and much inward distress, which case of attacks, rather to defend themselves than was made more bitter by the unkind conduct of be taken, and either hanged or banished as his father.
slaves, and did, upon the enemy's approach, go Now, about the month of June 1677, there out to defend theinselves, where several of the was to be a rendezvous of our militia troop, | enemy were killed, and so the men were necessiand upon the same day some ministers had | tate to keep in arms for their defence; and appointed a public fast in the fields, whereat I friends from several places coming to their aid, was desirous to be. But being formerly for they increased to some thousands, and resolved, some time the rider of the militia horse kept by if possible, to free themselves of their heavy my father (as baillie and factor for Boghall), he bondage.' was against my going to the said fast. But I He then describes his own share in this war ; accidentally meeting with an old servant of my and heavy indeed must have been the oppression father's, and telling him I was unwilling to go to which induced so quiet and peace-loving a man the rendezvous, having a resolution to go some- | to take up arms, and engage in so hopeless a where else, he offered for some consideration to struggle. go for me, which I easily consented to; but my 'I having resolved, when the Lord intimated father was displeased, fearing the other man mercy to my soul, that if ever the Lord called would spoil the horse ; but I was intent, and for service at my hand, I would venture my all went to the fast. Mr. William Gilchrist, one of for Him; and seeing that the party now in arms the ministers, did preface upon the 4th verse of owned to be for the Lord's cause, I judged mythe xliii. of Genesis, anent Joseph and his self obliged to own and assist them, and accordbrethren ; how his brothers were pressing their | ingly went, without any discouragement from father Jacob to send Benjamin, their younger my father, who by this was become much more brother, to Joseph, because he had said, “Ye kindly to ine. But when I came, I was not half shall not see my face, except ye bring your an hour there until I feared the Lord was not brother with you.” And so the minister said, with them, seeing no authority in discipline, that if we did desire to see the Lord's face that | And being ten days with them, I observed I day, we behoved to bring Christ our Brother could never get liberty in secret, which mado with us, for the Lord was saying no less to us me, with other things, fear the issue, perceiving this day than Joseph did to his brethren, “Ye much division among those that should havo shall not see my face except your Brother Jesus guided the rest. However, upon June 221, we be with you.” The which did stick to me; but were broke by the enemy and wholly dispersed, word of a party of the enemies coming, the and many killed and taken; mysell, by the meeting was dissolved, though it was a mistake. merciful hand of God, safely brought off, though So, being dismissed, and I coming home, the next for some time I was in the place of greatest day being in the fields my alone, and my Bible danger, and a cannon ball killed a horse under with me, my heart being affected with the pre- a man hard by me. Oft has that word been face the former day, I was reading that Scrip- sweet to me, that “ He was a cover to me in the ture again, at which time in the reading thereof day of battle." So I stayed hiddenly, sometimes the Lord broke into my sonl with such light, in one place, sometimes in another, in much life, and joy, in the discovery of Christ, the hazard. About three days after we were broko, God-man and Mediator, in whom the Father was an alarm came where I was that a party of the well pleased (and no acceptance without Him), enemy was coming. It being in the night time, and Christ intimating, “Ye believe in God, be- | I was made to rise, and go w a corn-field and lieve also in me," by whom, and through whose hide myself; when in the morning, getting mymerits alone ye can find access and acceptance. self somewhat composed, desired to muldrema iny