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Words in Season.
contact ; nay, an eternal contact. Thus is oor
| new health begun and prolonged. Does this seem BY THE EDITOR.
a hard thing? A hard thing to be always in comLUKE VI. 19.
munication with Jesus; to be always ander the
shadow of the tree of life; to be always on the Jesus is here the centre of a great crowd from all brink of the crystal river of the New Jerusalem ! parts of Palestine. They have heard of Him, and If some think it hard, they show that all is yet they flock to Him. His words and deeds attract | wrong with them, and that it is sheer necessity and them. He has what they want; so they gather force that is bringing them to entertain the thought round Him. The scene teaches us such lessons as of contact with Jesus at all. Should we call it a the following:
hard thing to be daily obliged to breathe the fresh I. There is health in Jesus.-He came from heaven air and bask in the glorious sunshine ? Is it a with all the health of heaven in Him; health, hard thing to be obliged to eat, that we may be like sunshine, flowing out irrepressibly; health of fed; or to sleep, that we may be refreshed ? Is every kind; health without measure; health in- | it a hard thing for the friend to be in company exhaustible. The balm of the mountains of Gilead with the friend, or the parent with the child ? Is might wither down and die out; this heavenly balm there not among multitudes, who call Jesus Saviour, could not. It was like the leaves of the tree of a feeling that they would rather only use Him in life, never falling, ever growing, and ever green. times of great necessity, but at other times have The physicians of Gilead died, till none was left; i the fellowship of every one in preference to Him? this Physician dies not. He is the ever-living | But the disease that brings us to Him, keeps us Christ, the Son of God. All health, and skill, and at his side. There is no health away from Him, kindness are to be found in Him; for not only is neither is there joy. We came for the cure of our He perfect man, but very God; nay, and the ful- pain, but we find this only a small part of what we ness of the healing Spirit, without measure, dwells obtain from Him. We find all in Him, and so we in Him.
hold Him fast, and will not let Him go. It is our II. There is sickness in us.-We are sick, nigh very life, our very joy, to remain in contact with unto death; sick in body, sick in soul; the whole | Him. head sick, the whole heart faint ;' our wound in | IV. This health and this contact are free to us.carable by man; our hurt grievous. It is sickness | There is no fence around Him to keep us off, no pervading our whole system ; sickness accompanied guard to forbid or warn us away. Any one, every with pain and weakness, with sorrow, and sadness, one may come at once and be healed. It is the and heaviness of spirit. It prostrates the body and sick, not the whole, that He invites. It is the clouds the mind. "We may cover it over, but it is leper, the palsied, the fevered, the blind, the lame, still there. We may soothe with anodynes, and the deaf, the devil-possessed, that He bids welcome administer sleeping-draughts, but the disease is to. On every side we may approach Him. At unremoved. We may deaden or drown the pain any time and in any way we may come. Whatever in worldliness, or business, or vanity, or lust; but be the length or the deadliness of our disease, we the mortal malady is still working in every part. may come. The Physician is divinely skilful, the O deadly disease of sin! what a world hast thou medicine is free, the cure is certain. made here!-what an hospital, a lazar-house, a city Health for sick humanity! medicine for a disof the plague! O pains of earth! not temporary eased world ! a Physician for a dying race !--such or occasional, but constant and abiding; fore. are the messages which we bring; all of them runners of the eternal pain, the eternal sickness, overflowing with God's great love to sinners-to the eternal agony and woe.
sinners simply as such. The depths of divine III. Contact with Jesus heals.- The medicine compassion are infinite, so are its heights. God's must be taken; the Physician's hand must touch | pitying love takes in the worst sinner that ever us; we must, in some way or other, come within breathed the air of earth. Wide as earth, wide as the circle where the divine virtue is flowing out. the bounds of sin, wide as the evil of human hearts, It is indeed the Holy Spirit that applies the remedy ; wide as heaven, wide as his own infinite heart, but He does so by bringing us within this healing | such is the pitying love of God. circle, by making us touch Him who is the divine Wilt thou, then, be made whole? This is the treasure-house of health. There was no healing question which the Lord puts to us, and pats with for Israel without looking at the brazen serpent; all earnestness and compassion. Dying sinner! so there is no healing for us without the look, the the God who made thee pities thee, yearns over touch that brings us into contact with Jesus. It thee. The Saviour, who, when here, went about is not a clasping or embracing, but a touching; a curing all manner of sicknesses, is still working touching even the hem of his garment; a coming the works which He wrought on earth. His hands within his shadow, as in the case of Peter. Such is are full of health, and He stretches them out to the resistless efficacy, the irrepressible virtue that is thee! What are thy diseases, then, however lodged in Him! And as we are healed by touch- deadly, when He undertakes to deal with them? ing, so our health is continued by our continuing to One touch of his makes them vanish away. Touch, touch. It is to be a constant touching, a lifetime's | and be healed !
BY THE REV. JOHN MILNE, PERTH.
It pleased the Father, that in Him should all fulness dwell. —Col. 1. 19.
HAT 'fulness is this? It needs an | in perfect and everlasting peace and friendship.
explanation. There is a divine ful- For this purpose, though He was the great God, ness, a fulness of Godhead, which | He humbled himself, made himself of no repudwells originally, inherently, eter- | tation, was born of a woman, made under the
nally in the glorious, blessed God. law. He wrought righteousness, glorified God It is a fulness of power, wisdom, goodness, on earth, endured the sharpness of death, and righteousness, life, and light. This is the foun- rose again to glory. By this work of perfect tain of all that exists; it has filled the universe obedience, even unto death, Christ brought in with goodly, holy, happy creatures; and it is and acquired a new kind of fulness, unknown in still fulness, unwearied, unexhausted, as at the the universe before. It is a fulness of atonement, first. We know not all that it has done; we of righteousness, forgiveness, peace, life, light, know not all that it will yet do. This fulness and grace. In virtue of this fulness, which belongs to Christ equally with the Father and Christ, as his righteous Servant, has introduced, the Spirit. In the next chapter we are told of the holy God can now righteously quicken dead this : For in Him dwelleth all the fulness of souls, give them repentance, justify them, make the Godhead bodily. In this chapter we find them accepted in the Beloved, sanctify them, Him exercising this divine fulness, as Creator make them fruitful, guide them and keep them and Preserver of all : For by Him were all through life, bring them to glory, raise them things created that are in heaven, and that are ) from the grave, and make them perfectly blessed in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be for ever. This is the fulness which is here spoken thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers; of. It is called all the fulness,' because it conall things were created by Him, and for Him : tains all that is connected with salvation, all the and He is before all things, and by Him all grace that the individual sinner needs, and all things consist. We should think more of this: the grace which the whole family, the whole it would strengthen our faith ; it would make body requires. It is the beginning, the progress, us rise from nature, not merely up to nature's and the perfection of the new creation. God, but up to our dear Redeemer and elder This fulness dwells in Christ. It is this that Brother; it would help us to realize the great-gives Him the pre-eminence among his fellows, ness of the sacrifice which He made, and the his brethren. All godly saved men have grace greatness of the love He must have felt for us, according to their measure ; but in them it is when He left this fulness of divine power and never fulness; it is always imperfect; it is all-sufficiency, and descended to a state of crea- | changeable; they cannot impart or communicate turehood and dependence.
| it to others. The best must say, “Not as though But it needed another fulness than this in I had already attained, either were already perorder to redeem and save fallen man. Christ's fect; I am only pressing on. The best are, at original divine fulness could make man in God's some time or other, found faulty and lacking, image, and crown him with glory and honour; even in the good things in which they seem most but, after he had sinned, Christ, simply as God, to excel. The best cannot supply the wants could only have carried into execution the sen- of their fellows; they must say to their nearest tence of the broken law, and said, “Depart, ye and dearest, “Not so, lest there be not enough cursed, into everlasting fire.' In order to save for us and for you.' But in Christ there is us from this, He had to work out and acquire | fulness, always fulness; it is never exhausted, for himself a new kind of fulness, which is called diminished, or wearied. It dwells in Him; it is the mediatorial fulness, because it fills up the ever ready, morning, noon, and night—'a very breach between God and man; it satisfies the present help in time of trouble.' He gives it claims of offended God, and supplies the wants freely, abundantly, unceasingly, to all that ask, of ruined man; it brings them together again however many they are, and however great and
varied their wants. He says, “Come unto me, I of praise to Him who saveth from death. But, and rest;' Come unto me, and drink;' Com- more than this, it knits the Head and the memmit thy way to me, and I will direct thy steps.' bers together in love ; for his heart is drawn out You never think of Him aright, till you see Him to them in supplying their many wants, and by faith, thus full, overflowing, and ready to their hearts are drawn out to Him by the benerespond to every supplicant. It is this that fits they are constantly receiving. makes Him the chief of ten thousand ;' the This arrangement of putting all the fulness Brother born for adversity ;' 'the Lamb, as it into Christ pleases the Father : does it please were slain, in the midst of the throne, having you? Are you willing to live a life of faith seven horns and seven eyes. It is this that fits upon the Son of God; a life of constant, entire Him to be the Days-man, making and maintain- dependence; a new-creaturely life? Have you ing peace for ever; it is this that makes Him learned to saythe Captain of salvation, bringing many sons to
"I am a poor sinner, and nothing at all, glory. He is saying at this moment, “Look
But Jesus Christ is my all in all ?' unto me, and be saved.' Look, I beseech you, till you are made from the heart to cry, ‘Yes, I Do you begin to see a beauty, sweetness, desiram saved. “Surely in the Lord have I right- ableness in this arrangement, which makes you eousness and strength.” They are in Him, but rejoice and thank God for it? Do you say, “It yet they are mine, as really and beneficially is safe for me. I find, every hour, how frail mine as if I had them in my own possession and fickle I am, how soon I lose received grace. and in my own control; for He ministers them It passes in the using, amid the tear and wear to me seasonably, sufficiently, unfailingly.' of life. But, when I am cold, and weak, and
'It pleased the Father, that in Christ should dark, I know where to go to obtain a fresh all the fulness dwell.' There are many reasons supply, and He does not upbraid me; He only for this. It is his right and due. He brought chides me for not coming sooner, not coming in the fulness by his obedience unto death, and oftener.' What unsearchable riches, what boundtherefore He is worthy to be God's Steward over less possibilities, are here put within our reach ! it, even as Joseph was set over the granaries of “He who believeth on me, out of his belly shall Egypt. “Thou hast loved righteousness, and flow rivers of living water.' His name, through hated iniquity; therefore God, thy God, hath faith in his name, is as mighty as ever to make anointed Thee with the oil of gladness above thy poor sinners like us peaceful, patient, fruitful, fellows. But, again, He is the fittest to dispense happy. Lord, greatly increase our faith, that the treasures; for He is ever near the sufferers, we may be filled with all the fulness of God. He has had experience of their miseries, He Friend, keep up constant, uninterrupted comknows the burden of sin, the power of tempta- | munion with Christ. Stop in the midst of your tion, the hidings of God's face, and so He hastens busiest, happiest moments, to renew your felto succour them in their distress. But, again, lowship with Him. Thus you will grow reguthis puts honour upon Him, for all salvation | larly, abundantly; will bear fruit at all seasons ; comes from Him through faith ; and thus every will be carried sweetly, comfortably through deliverance, restoration, supply, produces a fresh duties and trials. You will walk in light, and sense of indebtedness, and stirs up a new song have much fellowship of divine love.
THE STORY OF A HYMN.
alight, perhaps, on a huge boulder, strange land? We feel such an interest in the old
and examine. It is rugged and an answer. seamed, yet not the less interesting on that. It is with some such feelings that we turn over account. It stands before us 'moss'd with age,' and over again this old Scottish ‘Broadside' that time-worn and weather-wasted, nestling in its lies upon our table. About one foot in length own débris, just the very rock on which one by eight inches in breath, in small type, without loves to sit and muse. It contains no record of leads,' in three columns; it contains a hymn of its parentage, no date of its emigration, and no sixty stanzas, common measure, like many of the record of the scenes it has witnessed, or of old ballads, and like most of the Scottish Psalıns. the storms that have beaten on its massive front. Its title is given in large letters: "THE NEW Whence has it come? and how has it found its JERUSALEM ;' and its third column finishes with way to this solitude ? Did it descend from yon | Finis, in due form. It is without date; but one neighbouring crags ? or, clasped in ice, has it might guess it to be about 160 years old. It is travelled many a mile, floating over ridges and embrowned with age as well as soiled with use ; and its ragged edges intimate the freedom as
• Jerusalem, my happy home, well as the frequency with which it has been
O that I were in thee! "thumbed' by more than one generation. The
O that my woes were at an end, . hard hand' of the northern peasant has been
Thy joys that I might see!' upon it, when, perhaps, going a-field at early During the earlier part of the seventeenth dawn, or, at even, teaching it to his children century (between 1610 and 1660), we find no round the hearth, as that which their fathers traces of the hymn. William Drummond of sang in the city prison, or at Cameron's grave, Hawthornden, and others also, have given us or on 'Peden's Knowe,' or on Eckford Moss, or | translations of the Latin mediæval hymn, “Urbs on the Moors of Fenwick, or amid the “Hopes' Jerusalem Beata ;'* but it is quite distinct in and · Cleuchs' of Meggatdale.
sentiment, tone, and language, from the other class This ballad-hymn begins with words which of hymns whose history we are tracing out. The have gone over the breadth and length of the keynote is altogether different. In these Latin land, till every cottage-roof has echoed them : hymns the tone is quite jubilant, -full of exul"O mother dear Jerusalem!
tation, because of something already come, or When shall I come to thee?
just on its way. In the others, the prevailing When shall my sorrows have an end,
sentiment is plaintive, longing for something Thy joys when shall I see?
which still seems afar off. O happy barbour of God's saints !
It is not till we come to the beginning of the O sweet and pleasant soil !
seventeenth century that we get trace of our In thee no sorrow may be found.
hymn again. In the year 1601 was published a No grief, no care, no toil!'
small quarto of forty-five pages, entitled The Whence has this noble plant come from? Song of Mary the Mother of Christ.'t It conWhat is its pedigree? What story has it to tains two poems on the Heavenly Jerusalem,' tell ? Like the boulder we spoke of, it has for the one consisting of fifty-two four-line stanzas, generations been embedded in Scottish soil. But the other of nineteen four-line stanzas. The has it always been there ? No; not always. We latter we strongly suspect to be the very hymn can trace it backwards to England. From Eng in question. We have not been able to cast eyes land we can trace it backward to a more southern on the volume in spite of every effort. It is not region. It has traversed seas, it has crossed in the British Museum, nor in the Bodleian. mountains, it has drifted over plains to the spot | The longer hymn in it is remarkably like the one where we find it.
| we are in quest of, and must have been quarried Wodrow, in his Life of David Dickson, minister from the same deposit, or composed by the samo of Irvine, in the middle of the seventeenth cen- | hand. Most of it is given at length in the tury, ascribes the hymn to that man of God, | Parker Society Collection of Poetry, vol. ü. p. who, in his hours of leisure, used to solace him- | 427. It thus begins :self with song. Here, however, he is incorrect.
My thirsty soule desires her drought, That Dickson revised it and sent it out in the
At heavenly fountaines to refresh; shape in which we find it in the ‘Broadsides,' is, My prysoned minde would fayne be out we think, certain. He was evidently the editor Of chaynes and fetters of the flesh. of the Scottish versions of it; and to him Scot
She looketh up unto the state land owes much for putting into the lips of her
From whence she downe by sin did elide; sons, for generations, a song so sweet and holy,
She mournes the more the good she lost; -a song which threw a fragrance over her hills, For present ill she doth abide. which, even to this day, is not only remembered but felt.
She longs from rough and dangerous seas,
To harbour in the haven of blisse; But the hymn is not Dickson's, nor is it of
When safely anchor at her ease, Scottish origin. We can trace it out of Scotland, And store of sweet contentment is. and show that it existed in England nearly half
From banishment she more and more a century before the minister of Irvine gave it to
Desires to see her country deare; Scotland.
She sits and sends her sighes before, Much about the same time that it became Her joys and treasures all be there.' known in the north, it seems to have been going abroad through the south, though in a briefer
To any one who will read the hymn from form. In the year 1693, the Rev. W. Burkitt,
beginning to end, the similarity will be quite the well-known expositor, published a small thin
apparent, and the common fountain-head will volume of prayers and hymns. Among the latter
seem equally certain. This, however, will be we find the hymn, reduced, however, to eight
made more manifest as we proceed. stanzas, and very much the same as Mr. Mont
About three or four years ago our attention gomery gives in his Christian Psalmist, or Dr. Williams in his Collection.
* Drummond translated also the “ Dies Ira.' It
would be curious to gather together the various transIn 1692, John Hall published a small volume,
lations of that old hymn. They are far more numerous entitled Jacob's Ladder, in which the hymn is than is generally supposed. I may add, that Drumgiven at considerable length. Its heading is “The mond translated a considerable number of the old Soul's breathing after her Heavenly Country, Latin hymns. and consists of twenty stanzas. This edition
† See Brydges' Sensura Literaria, vol. ii.
| The reader will find it in full in The New Jeruresembles, in several respects, that of Dickson.
salem; a llymn of the Olden Time, published by JohnIt begins
stone and Hunter, Edinburgh.
was called to a manuscript in the British Museum, It then goes on precisely like Dickson's, in said to contain the hymn in question, and, more- | most places word for word, so far as it goes. It over, affirmed to establish a Popish origin for it. contains, however, only twenty-six stanzas. the manuscript is numbered 15,225, and is lettered | It is strange to find three such hymns in one on the back Queen Elizabeth,' though internal manuscript volume, and all of them anonymous evidence shows it to belong to James. *
| The first is sometimes ascribed to Breton ; but That manuscript seems to be the scrap-book this is doubtful. The style is more like that of of some Popish gentleman about 1617 or 1618, Southwell ;* but he was executed in 1595, and and is of a miscellaneous nature, containing the volume in which it was printed was not pubseveral old and well-known pieces printed in lished till 1601. It is evident, however, that the Paradise of daintie Devises, many years they must have been, at least to a certain extent, before. It contains, at full length, the hymn the work of Romanists, to what extent will imprinted in part by the Parker Society, with this mediately appear. commencing stanza:
In going over these various pieces, one begins Hierusalem! thy joyes divine,
to draw the conclusion that they must have had Noe joyes may be compared to them; a common origin. That they all sprang out of Noe people blessed soe as thine ;
the last two chapters of the Apocalypse is obNoe cittie like Hierusalem.'
vious enough; but this is not all. There is clearly Its title is "A Prisoner's Songe,' after which, by some one piece or poem on which they are way of motto, and separate from the rest of the modelled ; which poem, though itself founded hymn, comes the verse already quoted, My on the Apocalypse, had drawn together kindred thirstie soule,' etc.
passages, and embodied peculiar expressions and Along with this there is another hymn quite figures, which are preserved in all the different in the same tone, and containing many like | hymns.. expressions and figures. It has no title, but | We have already remarked that we do not runs thus :
consider them as having any real affinity with 'Amounte, my soule, from earth a while,
the hymns in the Breviary which refer to JeruSore up with wings of love,
salem. But there is a hymn of Hildebert, in the To see where saints and angels dwell
beginning of the twelfth century, which comes With God in bliss above.
much nearer to them :
Me receptet Syon illa
Syon, David urbs tranquilla,' etc.
Just about the same time there is the hymn
of Bernard of Clugny : ‘Laus patriæ cælestis,' in There rubies do abound;
which there is considerable resemblance to our The pretious pearles that can be named,
hymn. Then, farther back, there is the hymn Are there in plenty found.
of Damiani, which is generally ascribed to AugusAmidst the streetes the well of life,
tine, and is often printed among his Meditations. With golden streames doth flowe;
This is, perhaps, the likest of all the Latin pieces Upon whose banks the tree of life
to our hymn. Were it not for overstretching In statelie sort doth growe.'
our limits we should gladly cite a few lines; Thus the hymn runs on for fifty-four stanzas, but we must refer our readers to the original all of them, or almost all of them, quite parallel itself. † with the other hymn we have described. It con Strange to say, however, these Latin hymns tains one or two fierce lines against 'rude and resemble the English ones in this, that they give railing heretikes,' as well as against persecuting rise to the suspicion of a common fount. There potentates ;' and it is evidently the composition
are expressions and figures common to all of of some of those Romanists who, during the them; and they are on the same chord. We reigas both of Elizabeth and James, were im have been at some pains to trace out these prisoned for their Jesuitical intrigues.
expressions, and we have discovered most of But in this manuscript there is a third hymn them in Augustine, scattered throughout his which has only this heading, 'A Song by F. B. P. works. Some, for instance, of Hildebert's lines to the tune of Diana.' It is evidently the original are word for word from Augustine (* De spiritu of our hymn, being in most respects quite iden et anima'). This raises the question, Is not tical. We only give a verse :
Augustine the real fountain-head of all the Hierusalem! my happy home!
hymns, Latin and English? Such we have no When shall I come to thee?
doubt is the case ; and if the reader has a copy When shall my sorrows have an end,
of his Meditations at hand, and will turn to Thy joys when shall I see ?'.
chapter xxv., he will find the whole of David * We counted some five or six allusions to James as
Dickson's hymn, and the greater part of all the then reigning, besides references to events in his reign, such as the execution of John Thulis in 1616. * See Southwell's Epistle of Comfort to the Priests, This is evidently the Thulis whose name occurs in etc., where there is a passage in prose descriptive of Calderwood, along with one F. Barth-Pere. We men- | the New Jerusalem. tion this last name because of its curious coincidence † See Königsfeld's Lateinische Hymnon, p. 22; and with the initials in the manuscript lıymn, and because it | Daniel, Thesaurus, vol. i., p. 116. All these Latin shows that the P. in the manuscript stands for Pere. hymns are collected in the volume referred to before (Calderwood's Hist. vol. v. p. 194.)
The New Jerusalem.