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WILLIAM FAREL,
TIE SWISS REFORMER.

| let no one in any way obstruct the cultivation CHAPTER X.

of learning, or of the arts and sciences.' FE ATURING the year 1545, Chaponneau, i He especially pressed this upon the atten

Farel's colleague at Neuchâtel, died. tion of parents, saying, “If you are desirous of He was succeeded by Fabri, minister | worthily bearing the honourable name of father, of Thonon.

which God applies to you, and assumes also for Calvin tried to induce Farel to himself,- if you wish to be fathers in reality, and rejoin him as fellow-labourerat Geneva, but failed; not in name only,-give your children pious and and he now made an attempt to draw him into his faithful teachers, or bring them up yourselves in neighbourhood, by suggesting to the senate, that, the nurture and admonition of the Lord.' as he was a good Hebrew scholar, his appoint This year Farel published a small work, somement to the professorship of divinity at Lausanne | what similar to the Confessions of St. Augustine ; would be very advantageous to the interests of and about the same time, he wrote pastoral letters the church. But though the government readily for the consolation of those who were suffering acknowledged his services, in that he had been | for righteousness' sake. the principal instrument in promoting the Re The Anabaptists gave him much anxiety. To formation in the Valais, Neuchâtel, and Geneva, Peloux, one of their leaders, he wrote a severe they refused to follow Calvin's advice. Farel's letter, in reply to some of his writings, which hasty temper, his bold, uncompromising tone in had been extensively circulated in Germany. stating his opinions, and, perhaps more than all, He had also to contend against philosophers, his having refused to make the church at Berne | falsely so called,' who, while boasting of their his model for that at Geneva, probably caused | knowledge, led many astray by their pernicious his rejection. Besides, Berpe was rather afraid example. of bringing Calvin, Farel, and Viret together, A few of the sect of the Libertines now apas, being actuated by one spirit, they were peared in Geneva and other parts of Switzerland. likely to succeed in any object they set them | They came from the Netherlands, and, under the selves to accomplish ; and this excited the pretence of correcting the errors of Popery, jealousy and envy of Berne. This second effort, endeavoured to undermine the foundations of therefore, to remove Farel from Neuchâtel failed; religion. Farel had known something of their and Beza was appointed to the Lausanne pro doctrines before, and now openly rebuked them, fessorship.

saying, “ Beware, as of infernal spirits, of those Mathurin Cordier, head master of the school who say that the Scriptures contain profound at Neuchâtel, who had been tutor to Calvin, was mysteries too deep and spiritual to be expressed. now removed to Lausanne, and in much anxiety | For though it is true that divine things are the Bernese senate wrote to the council of sublime and unsearchable, so that we must Neuchâtel on the importance of seeking an humbly ask God's assistance to learn his holy eflicient teacher to supply his place in a school will, to be governed by it, and to obey it, yet, designed for promoting the glory of God, that which God has revealed for our salvation is and instructing the young in the divine word so plain, that no father can speak more inand propriety of conduct. Certain tyrants,' | telligibly to his children than God speaks to us. they added, who undertake to suppress and Whether the Papists boast themselves, the Turks extirpate the gospel, know of no better method conquer, the Jews continue hardened, heretics than the abolition of the Latin schools.' Farel | lift up their heads, or innumerable sects buzz entered fully into these sentiments, convinced around us, like swarms of gnats, let the gracious that darkness would again oversprcad the church, Saviour be all in all to us. To Him we will if young men were not carefully trained for the firmly adhere, and prefer his poverty and ministry. He therefore entreated the council to humility to all Popish grandeur, and all worldly educate some candidates for the ministry at the riches.' public expense. To this the council agreed, and The dangers which threatened the church, inarranged that four should be thus provided for, | volved him in an extensive correspondence; his who should be required to study Latin, Greek, | advice being anxiously sought, and freely given. and Hebrew, with a view to the more perfect | Bucer wrote to him from England, detailing knowledge of the Scriptures, and also make his 'sufferings, dangers, and labours,' and was themselves acquainted with natural history, to cheered by his hearty sympathy. Shortly afterunderstand 'low wonderful the Creator is, how wards, Farel thus alludes to his death : Our weak and short-sighted is man.' Logic and friend has happily seized the prize, and left us rhetoric were also to be cultivated, that the struggling in the course below. We deplore our students might learn to express themselves so as loss, and that of the church, in being deprived to arrest and fix the attention of their hearers. of a man so distinguished, and whose labours in • Truly,' said Farel, these sciences are the gifts the Lord's service were invaluable. While on of God, and must not be condemned or rejected earth, his enemies persecuted this holy man, not, on account of the perversity of men, who abuse indeed, to the extent of their wishies, but of those them : in short, for the sake of public welfare, limits which were set to the endeavours of Satan and his agents; but now, escaped from all barously strap gled. At Cabrières seven hundred dangers, he lives in safety with the Lord. The were killed, of whom many were burned in a same happiness awaits us; but at present we barn in which they sought refuge. A Jesuit, must suffer persecutions from the world, which, writing of this dreadful massacre, says, “ Above however, our faithful Father, according to his 3000 persons were killed, and above 900 houses promise, will so alleviate, that we shall be able destroyed.' Not a vestige of Merindal or Cab. to bear it. Let not our courage, then, be de- rières remained. pressed. We will persevere, in spite of Satan, These enormities practised in Provence were and finish the work committed to us, which will extended to Dauphiny and Languedoc, and in the end bring forth much fruit. We know brought to light instances of the most sublimo whom we serve.'

Christian heroism. One of these is thus related In addition to the loss of Bucer, and the dis- by Gilly : 'Aymond de la Voye, though aware tressing matters of public interest connected of the edict issued against his people, went with with the church, Farel was much tried by some his life in his hand, from house to house, to conpainful events which occurred among the mem firm the wavering and cheer the desponding. bers of his own congregation. Instead of the He was soon seized and carried before the Inquirest which his age and increasing infirmities sition. Being asked, “Who are your associates ?? called for, his labours so multiplied that he com- he replied, “My associates are those who know plained: 'I am already advanced in years, and and do the will of my heavenly Father, whether have not sufficient vigour to urge those under they be nobles, merchants, peasants, or men of my care, who require a continual spur. I am any other condition.” honoured with the title of “father," it is true, On his way to execution he passed an image but my sons have little reverence for my autho- of the Virgin, and refusing to bow to it, the rity.' Many refused to submit to the discipline mob assailed him with utmost fury; but their which he felt it his duty to enforce; and even his malice had no effect, save to make him pray friends complained that his censures were harsh aloud : “0) Lord, I beseech Thee to make it and unreasonable, not duly considering that the known to these deluded creatures, that to Thee low state of morality wbich prevailed around, only they ought to bow the head and offer supcalled for firm and unbending reproof.

plications." As he ascended the scaffold, he Farel wished others to treat him with the cried, with a loud voice, “Be it known that I same frankness with which he treated them to die not a heretic, but a Christian." rebuke him when they considered him in error. In the hope of serving these poor people, Farel "I conjure you,' he wrote to one, whose judg- and Viret travelled to Berne and Bâle on their ment he highly valued, to admonish me faith-behalf. To this labour of love' Farel was the fully of what you see to be amiss, and remember more constrained, as his brothers, Daniel and me in your prayers. Thus you will profit me Claude, were among the sufferers, fast bound in and the church also far more than by your prison. They were released shortly after his visit. commendations, which proceed from an excessive Under the pressure of these trials and labours, attachment to me.'

Farel's health gave way. In 1553, a severo His sympathies were now engaged in behalf attack of pleurisy brought him so low that of the persecuted descendants of a little colony | his physician almost despaired of his recovery. of the Waldenses, who had settled in the moun- Calvin lost not a moment in coming to him, tains of Provence. In 1540 the Parliament of and was the first to sign his name as witness to Aix resolved upon their destruction, unless they his will. acknowledged their errors and returned to the In this will Farel expressed his gratitude to Romish Church within a limited period. And God for the unspeakable mercy manifested to because Merindol and Cabrières were considered him, notwithstanding his unworthiness, partithe chief seat of heresy, they were ordered to becularly for redemption by the death of Christ razed to the ground. This cruel eclict required from the curse under which the human race lay,' that "all the caverns, hiding-places, cellars, and and for having been brought out of the horrible vaults in the vicinity of the town should be darkness of Popery to a knowledge of the truth.' destroyed ; that the woods should be cut down, | He then committed his soul and body to Christ, and all the gardens and orchards laid waste; in the hope of a glorious resurrection, and acand that none, who had ever possessed a house knowledged with thankfulness the grace which or property in the towns, or within a certain had called him to be a preacher of righteousdistance from them, should ever occupy them ness, by faith in Christ.' " He declared his stedagain, either in his own person, or in that of fast faith in those doctrines which he had so long any of his name or family, in order that the maintained as the truth of God, and hoped that memory of the excommunicated sect might be this, his death-bed confession, might tend to utterly wiped away from the province, and the confirm those who had learned the gospel from place be made a desert.' There was a respite for him. Farel left his property to his brothers, five years, and then the cruel edict was enforced. Daniel and Claude, and entreated them to live ‘Everything,' says a French historian, was in peace with each other, and to continue steddreadful in the decree, and everything was fast in the faith. Ho left a fourth part of his dreadful in its execution.' Twenty-two towns books to the library belonging to the ministers or villages were then burned. The wretched in his district, and the rest to the sons of his inhabitants fled in the darkness of night to their late brother, Walter, and to his nephew, Caspar rocks for shelter. They were pursued and bar- Carmel. In his will he also remembered the poor, and desired that his furniture and some money against him (October 27, 1553), showing,' says should be given to them.

Beza, no sign of repentance,' but,' adds Spon, Farel longed to be at rest, but his work was a great fear of death.' 'Servetus was executed, not finished, and he recovered.

Mosheim says, 'according to the established law When his strength returned, he assisted in of Geneva, which had been enacted against publishing some regulations respecting the cele- | heretics by the Emperor Frederick 11.' bration of the Lord's Supper, and the instruction | The disputes upon church discipline were now of children preparatory to receiving the ordi- renewed with greater violence than ever. A nance; the selection of preachers and school. citizen of Geneva, Philibert Berthelier, had, in masters; baptism, marriage, the observance of consequence of misconduct, been excluded from the Lord's day, and forms of prayer. Parents the Lord's Supper by the consistory. Indignant were admonished to send their children to at this disgrace, and influenced by Perrin, catechetical instruction ;' and children reminded | Berthelier demanded, and, strange to say, obo to obey their parents.'

tained, absolution from the Council of Two HunIn the remarks upon lawful and unlawful dred, on the ground that 'the usurpations of the amusements, dancing was forbidden; while 'cer- | church should be resisted. The council also tain games and military sports' were allowed. passed a resolution that the final decision on all Fortune-tellers, sorcerers, and witches were to cases of excommunication should in future be be punished, and gypsies to be expelled the vested in the senate. country. Ecclesiastical censures were not al | Hearing of these tumults, Farel came again to luded to, though Farel regarded them, under Geneva, to assist his friends and rebuke the certain circumstances (as well as exclusion from offenders. His tone and manner so offended the the Lord's Supper), as necessary to preserve order Libertines, that he had scarcely left the city when in the church. The question, Whether it was he was recalled to answer for having assailed according to the word of God, that those who the honour of the whole community.' Notwithhad given public offence to the church should standing the severity of the weather (winter having do penance openly,' being about this time dis- just set in), Farel at once returned on foot. cussed, various opinions were given. Calvin Calvin was charged not to allow him to preach, and others of the Geneva church considered and his enemies threatened to throw him into that it was so; the Bernese churches replied | the Rhone. Friends, however, were raised up that, “in general, they approved of church dis- in his defence, by whom Perrin, the leader of the cipline, but that the same forms in administering sect, was warned not to touch the common it could not be observed everywhere.' 'Let parent of the citizens,' and his accusers, perevery church,' they said, practise that to which ceiving that public opinion was turning against they have been accustomed and find most useful.' | them, secured their own safety by voting for his The clergy of Bâle took the same view of the acquittal. By the command of the senate, they matter. Fabri, Farel's colleague, agreed with gave their hands to Farel, in token of reconhim, but yet thought Farel too severe in carry- ciliation, acknowledged him as 'their kind pasing out his views. Hence arose a coolness be- tor and teacher,' and requested him to retain tween those two friends, who, nevertheless, were the Genevese in his affectionate remembrance.' really one in heart. And yet, probably the Thus closed this storiny year (1553), 'the whole difference in their characters, which led to this of which,' says Beza, was spent either in condisunion, was that which made their united tending for sound doctrine, or for wholesome labours so efficient. The courteous manners of discipline, and with a prosperous issue on all Fabri often compensated for that bold, uncom- sides, save for the wound which, not England promising tone which often made Farel repul- | | alone, but all Christian churches, suffered in the sive to those who did not thoroughly under- | premature death of that most pious prince, King stand him.

Edward vi.' The state of affairs in Geneva continued very Farel returned to Neuchâtel, where fresh vexaperplexing. Calvin longed for Farel to advise tions awaited him. Pierre, pastor of Cressy, with ; but yet, fearing to burden him with fresh attacked him as 'a savage man, a perverter of anxiety, he did not mention his difficulties to the truth, and possessed with a devil. A public him. This reserve pained Farel, and he went trial ensued; Pierre was found guilty of slander, to Lausanne to consult with Viret upon the best and obliged to ask forgiveness of Farel, and the means of affording his friend assistance. The governor and citizens of Neuchâtel. origin and aim of our friendship,' said he, in Through evil report and good report the aged one of his letters, ‘is Christ and the edification | pilgrim pursued his pastoral duties. But while of the church. Riches, honour, power, worldly calumnies uttered against himself failed to disturb pleasure, are not what we seek, but only how him, he keenly felt those by which Calvin was we may best serve the Lord. If you believe it assailed. “I must be made of wood and stone,' to be for the glory of Christ, beseech, command, he said to his friend, “if I do not cleave to you constrain me to come.'

with the tenderest affection. Christ has hitherto The trial and execution of Servetus now took wrought beyond our expectations, and will effect place. We gladly pass over its details. The still greater things. Let us stand undaunted. trying office of attending him at the last de- The battle is not ours, but the Lord's. We are volved upon Farel, who in vain endeavoured to rather spectators than combatants. If we sow bring him to acknowledge his errors. Servetus in tears, we shall reap with joy an abundant underwent the dreadful sentence pronounced | harvest. The Lord never forsakes his cause.

He assisted Moses against the magicians, and the word, but only to hear and learn as the destroyed Pharaoh with his host. And if He meanest of the people. If the Lord, and love thus honoured the minister of the law, can you to the work committed to my care, did not suppose that He will withdraw his aid from you? forbid, nothing should keep me from coming to Antichrist and his adherents must be entirely reside among that people to whom I have always cast down and annihilated, and the ministry of been united in spirit. The Genevese warmly the gospel, which has been committed to you by returned his affection, treated him as a father, Christ, shall shine forth in all its splendour. Be to whom they owed a debt of gratitude they satisfied that you serve the Lord, and that He never could repay, and more than once the ordains your labours and your sufferings. His senate proposed to allow him an annual income will, and not ours, be done.'

if he would remain and labour amongst them. Like the Apostle John, Farel had 'no greater But in the midst of joy, sad news reached joy than to hear that his children walked in Farel from Montbeliard, the scene of his early truth ;' and now he received many satisfactory ministry. Though not advocates of Servetus, accounts of the progress of the gospel in Orbe, some of those who held his sentiments had in which town he had sown the good seed of such influence over its pastor, Tossanus, that the word, and watered it by his prayers. Geneva, many suspected him of holding similar opinions. too, after passing through so many changing Tossanus, too, rather seemed to avoid his former scenes, now resembled a tree planted by the friends, and treated them with want of conrivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in fidence. For this Calvin rebuked him, and his season.' Blessed in herself, she became a Farel endeavoured to act as peace-maker, but blessing to others, and many, driven by per- failed. “How much I wish,' he said, “that we secution from their homes, found refuge within would all consider that we do not live at Rome, her walls. Writing to a friend at this time, but in the church of Christ; that we are not Farel says, 'I was lately in Geneva, and such to strive for ecclesiastical preferment, but should was the pleasure I felt, that I could scarcely tear | bazard our lives for the defence of the gospel myself away. Not that I wished to be the and the truth of religion !' teacher of a church so large, and so eager for

(To be continued.)

THE NOONDAY REST.

Lo, every wish, O God, I fold

Within my breast.
Do Thou bestow, do Thou withhold,

As seems Thee best.
Thus in thy love, as in some tranquil nest,

I fold my wing,

And blithely sing
For ever, and for evermore at rest.

Lord, in the high and sultry day,

Where wilt Thou lead
Thy languid flock away?

In what soft mead?
Where through broad fig-leaves, temper'd, steals

the ray,
And the hot air

Is made to bear
Odour of orange and of flowers gay?
Dost thou not know, O blessed one,

Where thou should'st go?
The rocky defiles shun,

Haunts of thy foe,
The fell wild beast; and where pure waters flow,

And shepherds lead

Their flock to feed,
Beloved, rest thee too.

Let nought disturb this peace,

So calm and deep;
All vagrant thoughts and fancies cease-

Be hush'd to sleep.
Would we could ever know a full release

From restless will,

And take our fill
Of childlike, uno'ershadowed happiness !

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