of the country, some having come from three to six hundred miles to attend this meeting. Crossed the ferry to Long Island, and rode with my kind friend, Samuel Parsons, to his house at Flushing. 30th, First-day.-Attended meeting there, where was Betsy Purington, from Providence, who had acceptable service. 6th Month, 2nd. Attended the Week-day meeting at Westbury, at which was a marriage; after wards rode home with Fry Willis and wife, where we had the company of the new-married couple. 3rd.Accompanied by three Friends from Oblong, who were on a visit to Friends of Long Island, to Mamaronech meeting, thence to Westbury, and the following day back to New York.


should be given beyond such as usually attend our meetings; it seems difficult to limit a meeting to these, when appointed by Friends travelling in the ministry. It is, however, cause of thankfulness to the Author of all good, that He still has compassion on the multitude, and is qualifying His poor disciples, servants and handmaids, to hand forth a little bread suited to the states of the people. Margaret Judge had good service, both in testimony and supplication. James Hazard and myself had also some share therein. The meeting ended under a solid weight; and the people did not seem inclined to withdraw, until told that the service of the meeting was ended. 22nd. We were at meeting at Westport, or Awanet, which was also very large and a favoured time; as was the meeting in the afternoon of the same day, at Center, a few miles distant. 23rd. Attended the Monthly Meeting at Center, which was unusually large; being the one immediately after the Yearly Meeting, many Friends from New Bedford, and other places, attended; also a large number not of our Society. It was rather a trying season, particularly the meeting for business; long before it became settled, and things appeared to be very low. 24th.-The Monthly Meeting at New Bedford, proved more satisfactory than that preceding, 25th.-Margaret Judge, James Hazard, and I attended a meeting at Newtown, in the forenoon; and another in the afternoon, at Acushnet; both favoured meetings. 26th.-My companion, Samuel Wood, and I, with James Hazard, rode a few miles to the funeral of a Friend who was taken off very suddenly, almost instanto.taneously, apparently in full health the day and evening preceding his decease, and before midnight a corpse. He has left a widow and several children. The interment was largely attended by Friends and others; and was a very solemn, affecting season, one which I hope may not soon be forgotten by many then present. 27th.-First-day forenoon, attended the meeting at Long Plain, and in the evening at New Bedford. Second-day, 6th Month, 28th.-From New Bedford, I went by packet to Nantucket, in company with about thirty other Friends; and after a pleasant passage of about eight hours, we arrived there about 4 p.m. Third-day, 29th.-My companion and I, with a few other Friends, rode out in the country about four miles, to see Elizabeth Barker, who resided on a farm, with her four daughters; and here we spent several hours very agreeably. Elizabeth and one of her daughters returned to town with us, in order to attend a public meeting to be held in the evening, at the request of some women Friends, who were travelling in the work of the ministry. This meeting was very large. I was not a little surprised to see so large a number of Friends, and others, collected on this little island in so short a time. The people behaved in a becoming manner, and I think it was a solid meeting. Fourth-day, 30th-Was held the Quarterly Meeting of ministers and elders, and the next day that for discipline. It was thought that nearly one hundred Friends, belonging to this meeting, came from different parts of the mainland; and the number of Friends living on the island is computed at upwards of 3,000; nearly all living in the town, and within a mile of each other. There is much sociability and friendly intercourse, and I hope a good degree of love and unity among them; they are mostly related to each other by marriage or otherwise.

I staid in New York till Third-day, the 8th, when, accompanied by Samuel Wood, I took passage to Rhode Island. We had a pleasant sail of about fortyseven hours, and landed at Newport, on Fifth-day afternoon. Next day we crossed over to Conanicut Island, and attended a meeting appointed for Elizabeth Walker, who was on a religious visit to those parts. 12th. Rode to Portsmouth, to attend the Yearly Meeting of ministers and elders; which was a favoured opportunity. In the afternoon, attended the Meeting for Sufferings. The time of this meeting was pretty much occupied in reading some manuscripts left by our late worthy friend, Job Scott, with a view to considering the propriety of printing them. There was much discussion on them, both at this sitting and at an adjournment on Second-day following; when it was referred to the close of the Yearly Meeting. The subject was then revived accordingly, but no conclusion come These writings contain much deep matter, and Friends appeared to have different sentiments respecting them. The Meetings for Sufferings of Philadelphia and New York had examined them; the former meeting had discouraged the publication of them; the latter drew up an abstract of them. What will be the result is still uncertain, but wisdom is profitable to direct. The business of the Yearly Meeting was concluded on Fourth-day; some painful interruption occurred near the close. Fifth-day, the 17th.-A large meeting for worship was held, which was much hurt in the forepart by an appearance of considerable length, to the great grief and exercise of many; but afterwards the meeting became more settled, and ended comfortably. Sixth-day. Attended an appointed meeting at Portsmouth, in which Daniel Quinby, a valuable minister, ou a religious visit to those parts from Oswego, near Nine Partners, had good service. I had several times before been in his company, both on this island and at Nine Partners, much to my comfort. We spent the remainder of this day together, and lodged at David Buffum's, near Newport; where we met with Elizabeth Walker, from New York State, Margaret Judge, from Maryland, with their companions; also several other Friends, whose company was reviving.

First-day, 20th.-Rose early, and in company with James Hazard, a Friend in the ministry, from the State of New York, rode to Liverton, to meetingabout five miles. It was composed mostly of persons of other Societies; but few Friends belonging to it. It proved a comfortable meeting. After taking dinner with a Friend, we had a religious opportunity in his family, wherein they were encouraged to a more diligent attendance of meetings. Friends there hold but one on First-days; and none in the middle of the week. Next morning we attended an appointed meeting at Seconet, to which came Margaret Judge, and her companions, quite unexpected. It was reviving to me to see them, feeling myself but in poor health, and apparently very unfit for the service of the meeting. It was very large, through the attendance of many not of our Society; although I had particularly desired that no notice

7th Month, 4th, First-day.-A public meeting was held this evening at the request of our women Friends, designed principally for sea-faring people; a considerable number of this class attended, also a great many Friends and others, insomuch that the house, although very large, could not contain the people assembled; many stood on the outside, and many went



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away for want of room. It was judged there were

PRECEPT AND PRACTICE. more than 2,000 in the house; and considering the How sad a thing it is for men to make loud profescrowded state of the house, and warmth of the wea- sions, and be strenuous advocates of principles and ther, it was cause of adıniration that much stillness measures, which manifestly have no practical influence was preserved throughout the meeting. Elizabeth

over their own lives. There is a religion of mere senWalker laboured abundantly therein, and Margaret timent which talks touchingly and smiles charmingly, Judge occupied some time.

but has no concern whatever with the deeds of the 5th.--Left the island on board one of the packets daily life. This type of religion is, we fear, quite prefor New Bedford. We had a fine time for the first valent. There are many who seem to have no idea of four hours, during which we ran about two-thirds of any other. Religion is with them an unearthly vision, our distance ; but when we were come to a narrow, an ideality, a genius which presides over dreams by rocky channel, called Wood's Hole, the tide ran very night and meditations by day, a rapture of pious high, and we struck a rock which was a little under feeling, a something to be talked about, with some water; the vessel was thrown on one side, struck again, congenial friend, in some sequestered spot

, and for the and then ran into deep water. This occasioned much full appreciation and enjoyment of which one must alarm. It was found expedient immediately to make have a peculiarly susceptible nature, and must mainfor the land, which was at no great distance. The tain as perfect an exemption as possible from all matwater rose considerably in the cabin and hold ; and ter-of-fact relations to a world of stern realities, a world the goods were removed and brought on deck. The cursed with sin and filled with suffering. vessel was soon aground in a small harbour of one of Now this may be a religion, but it certainly is not the Elizabeth Isles. Some of us went immediately on Christianity. The gospel is the utmost remove from shore in the boat, and others on board a small vessel sickly sentiment and flashy feeling. It awakens senlying at anchor there, laden with timber, and bound timent and feeling both, but only to carry the whole for Nantucket. The captain agreed with our captain being into the most energetic action, in which all its to take us to New Bedford ; so we all got on board, appeals and motives, its impulses and influences terset sail again, and through favour arrived safe there, minate. The gospel indeed presents a marvellous in about four hours. It was truly cause of thankful. combination; it would be the model of the beautiful, ness that we were thus preserved, that the vessel did if it were not the soul of the useful; it would be the not founder immediately after striking, and that the leak exquisite embodiment of all that is ideal, if it were not was discovered before we got out into the bay, which the overshadowing genius of all that is real; it is both, we had to cross, where it was full fifteen miles over.

it is all these; but it is so emphatically practical, that 7th Month, 15th.—Attended the Week-day meeting in its solemn presence the soul forgets its enjoyments at Salem, where Margaret Judge had a close time in and its frames in the quickened sense of its duties and testimony; I had a little to cominunicate in a different its deficiencies. line. It was but a poor time; perhaps the fault might Ic is mere trifling to cultivate an exquisite amiability, be in part with the visitors. Tobtained some relief in and a delicate sense of the spiritual, and call that a religious opportunity soon after meeting, wherein 1 Christianity; yet it must not be denied that even where had to address a young woman, not a njember of our we begin aright, we are extremely liable to lapse into Society, who had been at the meeting, and appeared this region of shadows and moonshine. to be under great trouble. She was to me an entire It behoves us, therefore, to seek fresh and frequent stranger; but I believe I was led to administer to her baptisms of the Holy Spirit, whereby alone we can state in a manner which proved to her comfort. reasonably hope to obtain the vital power of the gospel,

7th Month, 18th, First-day.-Attended the forenoon and maintain the living union between precept and meeting in Providence, in which I was silent. Mar

practice. - Christian Citizen. garet Judge appeared in a very close line. In the afternoon, I attended the meeting at the boarding PUMPKINS.--Yes, pumpkins !-raised a nice lot of school, which had been lately established. There them this season in our own garden. Some of them were about a hundred pupils, the greater part females, were very large-yellow as the gold of California—and some of them young women.

as deliciously sweet as ever pleased the most fastidious 25th. We went on board a steam-boat at Norwich, epicure, or appeased the appetite of the most hungry and next day set off before day-break on our way to labourer. But it is not so much the good QUALITY Newhaven ; stopped by the way at New London, and of the pumpkins to which we would call attention, as reached Newhaven in the afternoon, where we waited to the good MORAL we have extracted from them. The several hours for the steam-boat from New York, and ground was prepared, the seed sown, and the plant reached that city next morning, about half-past six. raised by our own coloured hands; and although the These steam-boats are very large ; the first we came soil is American, it took no offence on account of our in, 136 feet in length, and about 21 in breadth ; was colour, but yielded a generous return for our industry. said to cost 86,000 dollars, equal to £19,350 sterling ; From this we infer that the earth has no prejudice and the other, we were told, was 50 tons larger. They against colour, and that nature is no respecter of perafford very convenient travelling, and are very expedi- sons. It pours its treasures as liberally into the lap tious. The distance from New York to Newhaven is of coloured industry, as into that of the white husbandcomputed at full eighty-two miles ; this and back to The earth is a preacher of righteousness. It New York they perform in about twenty-two hours, inculcates justice, lovc, and mercy; repudiates the including the time they stop at Newhaven, landing and factitious distinctions of pride and prejudice, and owns taking in their passengers and goods.

all the sons and daughters of men (without regard to 8th Month, 5th.–At Flushing 1 paid a visit to the colour) as its own dear children. Oh! ye negro-hating widow of John Murray and her children, who were in Americans ! our mouth is open unto you! Come, and great affliction ; his remains lying in the house, (Jos learn wisdom from our mother earth, and treat the King's,) to which the family had removed from the coloured man no longer as an outcast and a despicable city, some time before, for the benefit of the air, &c. being, but as the child of a common Father, who 6th.-Attended the funeral, at which was a large num- causes his sun to shine alike upon the black and the ber of Friends and others; the deceased having left a white, and makes the elements of nature respond to good savour behind him.

the wants of all his creatures - North Star, edited by (To be continued.)

Frederick Douglass.


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like wax before it; it can draw out, without breaking, a thread as fine as a gossamer, and lift up a ship of war like a bubble into the air; it can embroider muslin and forge anchors; it can cut steel into ribands, and impel loaded vessels against the fury of the winds and waves.

At least 12,000 machines are now in use in Great Britain, by which the labour of 250,000 horses is saved. Supposing each horse to consume annually the produce of two acres, 500,000 acres are thus set free for other purposes. Dr. Lardner shows that the steam, from one pound of coal, has a power of raising 667 tons weight of any material to the height of one foot; and that, therefore, an ounce of coal would raise 42 tons one foot high, or 18 pounds a mile in height. Since a force of 18 pounds is capable of drawing two tons upon a railway, it follows that an ounce of coal can draw two tons a mile, or one ton two miles, upon a level railway. The circumference of the earth measures 25,000 miles; if it were begirt by an iron railway, a load of one ton would be drawn round it in six

weeks by the mechanical power that resides in the
third of
part a ton of coals! But listen to what the
same philosopher further says:-


The state of physical science at the present moment justifies the expectation that we are on the eve of mechanical discoveries more important than If the communicants in this symbolical rite do really any which have yet appeared. Philosophy already experience thereby, as they assert, a union and comdirects her finger at sources of inexhaustible power in munion of the Holy Spirit with their spirit, how much the phenomena of electricity and magnetism. The greater benefit ought the apostles themselves to have steam engine itself, with the gigantic powers conferred received, who ate and drank with our Lord himself at upon it by the immortal Watt, will dwindle into insighis last supper, and were present with him as guests at nificance in comparison of the hidden powers of nature the same table? But the Scripture does not give evi- still to be revealed; and the day will probably come dence of any such benefit received by them from having when that machine, which is now extending the bless been thus favoured; far otherwise. We read, that imme-ings of civilization to the remotest skirts of the globe, diately after partaking of the supper and the bread and will cease to exist, except in the page of history.' wine, one of them went out and betrayed his Master for Dublin Advocate. thirty pieces of silver; another, for fear of reproach, denied with an oath that he had any knowledge of him, or any connection with Christ. And when their Lord was seized by his enemies, all his disciples forsook him and fled." Now, as all these had very recently partaken of bread and wine with their Lord and Master, it is very clear the effects thereof did not preserve them in faithfulness to him and his cause, then what more ought we to expect from the mere ceremonial representation of the supper now, in this year of our Lord 1846.-History and Mystery of those called Sacraments, by Jacob Post, pp. 84-86.


(Selected for THE BRITISH FRIEND.)

AND here the writer would take the opportunity,
(although he has thus stated his views,) to acknow-
ledge his belief, that serious pious Christians may
sometimes have had their minds profitably impressed
and comforted at the time of their partaking of the
bread and wine of the Eucharist, whilst, however, it
is to be feared, the greater number of participants
receive it only as a form, or, what is more to be
lamented, as imagining they are thereby made more
fit for the kingdom of heaven.

In thus freely conceding, that some pious individuals do receive spiritual nourishment to their souls, when participating in this rite, the writer has no doubt, that at other seasons they would be equally benefited when their minds were similarly occupied in contemplating, apart from every worldly consideration, the boundless love of God in his having sent his own Son into the world to become a propitiatory sacrifice for their sins, to be bruised for their iniquities, so that by coming to Him, they might be healed of their spiritual maladies; for they who draw nigh to God, he will draw nigh to them. But, that the intervention of bread and wine has any virtue or power whatever, in producing these profitable impressions on the minds of the participants, he decidedly dissents.


FROM the period when the steam engine was improved by James Watt, in 1764, the principles of machinery and power of steam have wholly engrossed the attention of physical scholars, insomuch that there is now scarcely a branch of art or manufacture which is not directed by the steam engine in place of human labour. As a comparatively perfect knowledge has been gained of the amount of mechanical power (it may be so termed) which exists in coal, much less of that valuable material is consumed in the production of steam than formerly; and such is the nicety with which machinery is adapted to its purpose, that the feeble hand of man has been armed with a power to which no limits can be assigned. The steam engine has infinitely added to the means of human comfort and enjoyment, and rendered cheap and accessible all the materials of wealth and prosperity. It has become a thing alike stupendous for its force and its flexibility; the trunk of an elephant, that can pick up a pin and rend an oak is nothing in comparison of it; it can engrave a seal, and crush masses of obdurate metal




THE following Epistle conveys such truly excellent counsel, that its revival in our pages, at the present time, appears peculiarly seasonable; and it will, we trust, be read with profit by many.

To the Monthly and Quarterly Meetings, and other Meetings of Discipline of Friends in Ireland. DEAR FRIENDS AND BRETHREN,-We have in this our general assembly been deeply affected, and humbled under the sorrowful view, and feeling of the declined state of many in our Society from the life and power of pure religion, and that humble, self-denying conversation which it leads into: and under this concern we have been afresh made feelingly sensible of the great loss and hurt that both individuals, and the Society in general, have sustained, by letting out the mind and affections after great things in this life ; many of the professors of Truth, as it is in Jesus, departing from under the discipline of his holy cross, have let up an high and aspiring mind that affects ostentation and shew, and seeks after many superfluities, to gratify the vain and ambitious cravings of the unmortified part in them; the noble simplicity of manners, habit, and deportment, which Truth led, and still leads into, hath been much departed from; the plainness of apparel, which distinguished our religious profession, is by too many despised, and the testimony

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which we have been called to bear against the unstable the Life is this — Seek ye first the kingdom of God an foolish fashions of the world, has been trampled as his righteousness, and all these things shalt be adde under foot: the mind not limited by the girdle of unto you. Mat. vi. 33. Many, who have transgresse Truth hath coveted an evil covetousness; the wedge this holy boundary, and reversed this heavenly order of gold and the Babylonish garment have been the in giving the preference to the pursuit of earthly posobjects of its inordinate desire. And one exampling sessions, have in themselves, or their offspring, furanother, and the lesser fondly copying after the nished a verifying proof of the declaration of the Al greater, an evil emulation hath gotten in, not pro mighty, by his prophet, viz. Ye looked for much, and voking one another to love and good works, but vying lo it came to little, and when ye brought it home I did with each other in the grandeur of their houses, the blow upon it: Why ? saith the Lord of hosts, because order and provision of their tables, the richness of their of mine house that is waste, and ye run every man to furniture, and the gaiety of their own dress, and that his own house. Hag. i. 9. of their children, contrary to the self-denial, the humi. And let those, whom Divine Providence hath proslity, and meekness prescribed by the gospel of Christ pered and blest with abundance of the good things of in which they profess to believe, and the constant this life, ever bear in remembrance, that the earth is tenor of the salutary advices of the Society they pro- the Lord's and the fulness thereof. Psal. xiv. 1. And fess themselves members of, from the beginning to this that we are acccountable stewards, each for his share, very day.

of the manifold mercies we receive at his hand. Let Every superfluous thing occasions a superfluity of them then, as good stewards, use the same with a expence; and superfluity of expence requires extensive, due regard to the pointings and limitations of Truth ; and frequently exorbitant and precarious engagements not indulging themselves in any thing wherein is excess, in trade, beyond the capital and abilities of the mana- and thereby setting an evil example to others, whose gers to support it. And when their own fails, many abilities cannot well bear the expence, and yet from too frequently keep up dishonourable state on the pro- the depravity of human nature may be tempted to copy perty of other men, till insolvency fatally ensues, to after them. For those of the foremost rank in society, the ruin of themselves and families, the loss and by the assistance of Divine Grace, may do much good; damage of their creditors, the reproach of Truth, and or neglecting it, by the influence of their example, ,

, the great trouble of friends, who are concerned to keep occasion much evil therein. We therefore earnestly good order amongst us

desire, that those who are thus favoured may seriously It is an undoubted truth that the society which doth co-operate with our concern in setting a good example, not frequently recur to its first principles will go to and we hope it will have a happy influence on others, decay: if then we look back to our beginning, we shall who may be discouraged from aiming at expence unbefind that from the beginning it was not so : in a post-coming their circumstances, when they behold those, script to an early epistle from the province-meeting who have it in their power, decline it through their at Castledermot, we have this lively description of the regard to Truth, and for preserving inviolate the testieffect Truth had in that day. Then (say they) great mony of a good conscience toward God: the experitrade was a great burden, and great concerns a great enced apostle very pathetically in his direction to trouble; all needless things, fine houses, rich furniture, Timothy: points out the particular duty of this class gaudy apparel, were an eye-sore; our eye being single of Christians—Charge them that are rick in this world, to the Lord, and the inshining of his light in our hearts, that they be not high-minded, nor trust in uncertain which gave us the sight of the knowledge of the glory riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all of God,” this so affected our minds, that it stained things to enjoy; that they do good, thut they be rich in the glory of all earthly things, and they bore no mas- good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate; tery with us.” The divine principle of light and grace laying up in store for themselves a good foundation remains still the same, and would work the same effect against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eterin us, if we were obedient thereto; would even introduce nal life. 1 Tim. vi. 17–19. gradually by the operation of its divine power, the Finally, Brethren and Sisters, as example must new creation in Christ Jesus, whereby man returning accompany precept if we be sincere toward God, we from the fall would be placed in dominion over all the desire especially that ministers, elders, overseers, and creatures.

other active members in the Society, may seriously in We are therefore, dear Friends, impressed with a the first place set about this necessary work of retrench zealous concern of mind, in this day of trial, when the ing and reformation, where needful: that their nearest judgments of the Lord are in the earth, that the inhabi-connections, their children and families, in regard to tants thereof may learn righteousness : Isa. xxvi. 9: as the point of view in which their partners in life and this is a time of danger, uncertainty, and distrust, we parents are placed, may lay to heart the evil consemost earnestly desire that Friends may let their mode- quences of their deviating from the simplicity of Truth, ration in all things appear, that those who have launched and the pernicious influence of their evil example; that out extensively in trade, with as little delay as possible, these, and the children the Lord hath given them, set about contracting their engagements therein into being as signs and good examples from the Lord of a moderate compass, and instead of risking the repu- hosts, they may go forth strengthened by the cleansing tation of Truth, the peace of their own mines, and the of their own bands, and those of their families, and so welfare of their immortal souls, in grasping at things be enabled to say to the flock, Follow us as we follow beyond their reach, in order to provide for superfluous Christ." And that parents, heads of families, and expence, reduce their wants and expences within the all Friends, each in their proper places, may be engaged limits and bounds of Truth, and then a little trade, to wash their hands in innocency, and be qualified to with frugality and industry, will be found sufficient. encompass the Lord's holy altar, that the offerings of

The love of money is a sore evil, which while some Judah and Jerusalem may be pleasant to the Lord, as have coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and in the days of old, and as in former years. Malachi piercea themselves through with many sorrows. 1 Tim. i. 4. vi. 10. Let the Truth itself therefore, dear Friends, In the extendings of that real affection, which demoderate and limit us in our pursuits; a man's life sires your present and everlasting weil being, we salute consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he pos- you, and conclude, Your Friends and Brethren. sesseth Luke xxii, 15. And the limitation and order Signed on behalf of our said Meeting, by prescribed by him, who is the Truth, the Way, and

John Gough, Clerk.


GLASGOW, 1ST MONTH, 31st, 1850.

CHANGE IN TIME OF PUBLISHING. In consequence of continued mistakes and numerous disappointments, arising from the plan we have hitherto observed, of publishing on the LAST in place of the FIRST of the month, we have at length concluded to comply with what appears to be the general wish in this respect.

Our intention, therefore, is to issue the next number, on the FIFTEENTH of 2d Month; No. 3, on the FIRST of 3d Month, and subsequent Numbers on the First of the respective months. Each will thus have a prospective, instead of, as heretofore, a retrospective view. We trust this will render our Journal more acceptable, and obviate the mistakes and disappointments complained of.

We must not omit here to solicit the attention of AGENTS and ADVERTISERS, in particular, to the alteration now announced-more especially as regards the coming mid-month number-trusting they will bear in mind to have their favours in our hands in due time; that is, not later than the 13th proximo.

SARAH HICKS and CHARLOTTE BURGESS have recently being engaged in a religious visit to the families of Friends, within the Monthly Meeting of Southwark.

JAMES JONES continues his visits to Friends in Yorkshire, and, we understand, intends proceeding southward. EDWARD BACKHOUSE, jun., of Sunderland, has received a minute from his Monthly Meeting, liberating him to accompany J. J. in his travels.

THE ECLECTIC REVIEW, AND PENN AND MACAULAY. A valued correspondent has sent us an article on these authors, extracted from the above well-known and ably-conducted periodical, accompanied by a few regret that the article came to hand too late for inserobservations of his own on the same subject. We tion in the present number, but we intend it shall appear in our next. Meantime, we avail ourselves of feel assured, will receive with satisfaction the informathe remarks of our correspondent; and our readers, we tion with which the writer concludes :


W. E Foster's pamphlet, and some others, have done
"It has been thought, that however completely
justice to William Penn, and laid bare his accuser's
unwarranted conclusions yet the time will come when
whilst T. B. Macaulay's brilliantly written History of
these small works will be laid aside and forgotten,
England, with all its charges against William Penn,
will remain as a standard work for ages to come.
There are many interesting fragments in the life of
William Penn which have not yet been gathered up,
and particularly those hitherto unheard of charges
against that eminent man, which require the like per-
manent refutation as the charges themselves. Hence
down to posterity in juxtaposition with the accusations
the call for another biography of him, which shall go
brought against him by Macaulay. An author, not of
our Society, of some standing among literary men, is
now engaged in collecting materials for An Historical
Biography of William Penn,' and would be glad of the
loan of any papers or letters, which may be in the
interest of such a work."
possession of any Friend, likely to contribute to the


NOTICES OF MINISTERS TRAVELLING. CAROLINE BOTTOMLEY has been liberated by Brighouse Monthly Meeting, to accompany PRISCILLA GREEN in paying a religious visit to the Meetings of Friends within Marsden Monthly Meeting; and also to visit the families of Friends there, if way should THOMAS ARNETT and RICHARD F. FOSTER have been engaged as follows, since the date of our last :First-day, the 30th ult., they were at Darley Meeting, in Yorkshire, in the morning, and at Harrowgate in the evening; at Addingham, on the 31st, CAPITAL PUNISHMENT.-Many of our readers are and the evening at Ben Rhydding; a Public Meet-aware, that Margaret Lennox, or Hamilton, was sentenced to die at our last assizes here, for the crimes of forgery and administering poison. The evidence being to mercy, her having an infant only a few months' old, chiefly circumstantial, the recommendation of the Jury and other circumstances, had excited great sympathy for her in the public mind. Many petitions-including two from the Magistrates, Sheriffs, &c.—to the Queen but without effect; official coldness continued inexorable, on her behalf, had been sent to the Home Secretary, and, on the morning of this date, the poor unhappy woman will be strangled. The walls of the city are placarded with bills, advising the citizens not to countenance the demoralizing and unchristian exhibition. The intense excitement produced by this unfeeling conduct on the part of the Home Office, will, we have not a doubt, mightily tend to promote the abolition of the gallows.

ing, on the 1st of the present month, at Ilkley; and on the 3rd, at Rawden; the 4th, at Skipton; on First-day, the 6th, at Settle; the 7th, at Airton; 8th, Lothersdale; 9th, attended the usual week-day meeting, at Marsden; on the 10th, a Public Meeting at Todmorden; 11th, at Colne; First-day, the 13th, a Public Meeting at Marsden, in the morning; at Crawshawbooth, in the evening; one at Blackburn, on the 14th; Bolton, on the 15th; on to Preston, on the 16th, and attended the Quarterly Meeting there on the 17th, having a large Public Meeting in the evening. Here T. ARNETT was rejoined by RUSSELL JEFFREY, and R. F. FOSTER returned home. R. J. had a meeting on the 18th, at Fleetwood, with Friends of that place and Thornton Marsh. T. A. and R. J. were at Lancaster Meeting, on the morning of Firstday, the 20th, having a Public Meeting in the evening. On the 21st, they were at Yealand; 22nd, at Calderbridge and Caldergreen; were to be at Liverpool, on First-day, the 27th, and our last advices state, that they are at present engaged in holding meetings with Friends and others, in that neighbourhood.

Produce movement will rejoice to learn, that the first AMERICAN FREE COTTON.-The friends of the Free shipment of American Free Cotton this season, arrived week before last; and instead of lying four months in Liverpool, as was the case last year, ninety bales were making into prints; and the remaining twelve bales immediately sold to a trustworthy manufacturer, for are to be made into sewing cotton, tapes, and other small articles.

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