Pagina-afbeeldingen
PDF
ePub

To this it may be added, that, believing their own knowledge to be supreme, and their own system of morality to be the only enlightened one, they fall often into scepticism, and pass easily from thence to infidelity. Foreign novels, however, more than our own, have probably contributed to the production of this latter effect.

These, then, are frequently the evils, and those which the Society insist upon, where persons devote their spare time to the reading of novels, but more particularly among females, who, on account of the greater delicacy of their constitutions, are the more susceptible of such impressions. These effects Friends consider as highly injurious when they fall upon this sex. For an affectation of knowledge, or a forwardness of character, seems to be much more disgusting among women than among men. It may be observed also, that an unsteady or romantic spirit, a wonderloving or flighty imagination, can never qualify a woman for domestic duties, or make her a sedate and prudent wife. Nor can a relaxed morality qualify her for the discharge of her duty as a parent in the religious education of her children.

But, independently of these, there is another evil, which the Society attach to novel reading, of a nature too serious to be omitted in this account. It is, that those who are attached to this species of reading become indisposed towards any other.

This indisposition arises from the peculiar construction of novels. Their structure is similar to that of dramatic compositions. They exhibit characters to view. They have their heroes and heroines in the same manner. They lay open the checkered incidents in the lives of these. They interweave into their histories the powerful passion of love. By animated language, and descriptions which glow with sympathy, they rouse the sensibility of the reader, and fill his soul with interest in the tale. They fascinate, therefore, in the same manner as plays. They produce also the same kind of mental stimulus, or the same powerful excitement of the mind. I have been told by a physician of the first eminence, that music and novels have done more to produce the sickly countenances and nervous habits of our highly educated females than any other causes that can be assigned. The excess of stimulus on the mind, from the interests ing and melting tales that are peculiar to novels, affectthe organs of the body, and relaxes the tone of the nerves, in the same manner as the melting tones of music have been described to act upon the constitution, after the sedentary employment, necessary for skill in that science, has injured it Hence it is that this indisposition is generated. For, if other books contain neither characters nor incidents, nor any of the high seasoning or gross stimulants which belong to novels, they become insipid.

It is difficult to estimate the injury which is done to persons by this last-mentioned effect of novel reading upon the mind. For the contents of our best books consist usually of plain and sober narrative. Works of this description give no extravagant representations of things, because their object is truth. They are found frequently without characters or catastrophes, because these would be often unsuitable to the nature of the subject of which they treat. They contain repellants rather than stimulants, because their design is the promotion of virtue. The novel reader, therefore, by becoming indisposed towards these, excludes himself from moral improvement, and deprives himself of the most substantial pleasure which reading can produce. In vain do books on the study of nature unfold to him the treasures of the mineral or the vegetable world. He foregoes this addition to his knowledge, and this innocent food for his mind. In vain

do books on science lay open to him the constitution and the laws of motion of bodies. This constitution and these laws are still mysteries to him. In vain do books on religion discover to him the true path to happiness. He has still this path to seek. Neither, if he were to dip into works like these, but particularly into those of the latter description, could he enjoy them. This latter consideration makes the reading of novels a more pernicious employment than many others. For though there may be amusements which may sometimes produce injurious effects to those who partake of them, yet these may be counteracted by the perusal of works of a moral tendency. The effects, on the other hand, which are produced by the reading of novels seem to admit of no corrective or cure. For how, for instance, shall a perverted morality, which is considered to be one of them, be rectified, if the book which is to contain the advice for this purpose, be so uninteresting or insipid that the persons in question have no disposition to peruse it?

DIVERSIONS OF THE FIELD.—The diversions of the field are usually followed by people without any consideration whether they are justifiable either in the eye of morality or of reason. Men receive them as the customs of their ancestors, and they are therefore not likely to entertain doubts concerning their propriety. The laws of the country also sanction them; for we find regulations and qualifications on the subject. Those, also, who attend these diversions are so numerous, and their rank and station and character are often such, that they sanction them again by their example; so that few people think of making any inquiry how far they are allowable as pursuits.

But though this general thoughtlessness prevails upon the subject, and though many have fallen into these diversions, as into the common customs of the world, yet benevolent and religious individuals have not allowed them to pass unnoticed, nor been back. ward in their censures and reproofs.

It has been matter of astonishment to some, how men, who have the powers of reason, can waste their time in galloping after dogs in a wild and tumultuous manner, to the detriment often of their neighbours, and to the hazard of their own lives; or how men, who are capable of high intellectual enjoyments, can derive pleasure so as to join in the shouts of triumph on account of the death of a harmless animal; or how men, who have organic feelings, and who know that other living creatures have the same, can make an amusement of that which puts brute animals to pain,

Good poets have spoken the language of enlightened nature upon this subject. Thomson, in his Seasons, introduces the diversions of the field in the following

manner:

"Here the rude clamour of the sportsman's joy, The gun fast-thund'ring, and the winded horn, Would tempt the Muse to sing the rural game." further on he observes,

But

"These are not subjects for the peaceful Muse, Nor will she stain with such her spotless song; Then most delighted, when she social sees The whole mix'd animal creation round Alive and happy. 'Tis not joy to her This falsely cheerful barbarous game of death." Cowper, in his Task, in speaking in praise of the country, takes occasion to express his disapprobation of one of the diversions in question :

"They love the country, and none else, who seek
For their own sake its silence and its shade,
Delights, which who would leave that has a heart
Susceptible of pity, or a mind
Cultur'd, and capable of sober thought,
For all the savage din of the swift pack
And clamours of the field? Detested sport!
That owes its pleasure to another's pain,

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

That feeds upon the sobs and dying shrieks

be employed in serving our neighbour, and not in disOf harmless Nature, dumb, but yet endued

tressing the creatures of God for our amusement. With eloquence, that agonies inspire,

Rules of Discipline, page 43. Of silent tears, and heart-distending sighs!

I shall not take upon me to examine the different Vain tears, alas! and sighs that never find

reasons, upon which we find the foundation of this A corresponding tone in jovial souls !”

law. I shall not enquire how far a man's substance, In these sentiments of the poets, Friends, as a reli- or rather his talent, is wasted or misapplied, in feelgious body, have long joined. George Fox specifically ing a number of dogs in a costly manner, while the reprobated hunting and hawking, which were the field poor of the neighbourhood may be starving, or how diversions of his own time. He had always shown, far the galloping after these is, in the eve of Christianas I stated in the Introduction, a tender disposition to ity, a misapplication of a person's time. I shall brute animals, by reproving those who had treated adhere only to that part of the argument, how far a them improperly in his presence. lle considered person has a right to make a pleasure of that which these diversions as unworthy of the time and atten- occasions pain and death to the animal creation; and tion of men, who ought to have much higher objects of I shall show in what manner Friends argue upon this pursuit. lle believed also, that real Christians could subject, and how they persuade themselves that they never follow them; for a Christian was a renovated have no right to pursue such diversions, but particuman, and a renovated man could not but know the larly when they consider themselves as a body of proworks of creation better than to subject them to his fessing Christians. abuse.

(To be continueil.) Edward Burrough, who lived at the same time, and was an able minister of the Society, joined George Fox

WHAT ARE INDULGENCES OF THE CHURCH OF in his sentiments with respect to the treatment of

ROME? AND WIIAT USE DOES SHE MAKE OF animals. He considered that man in the fall, or apos

THEM IN THE PRESENT DAY ? tate man, had a vision so indistinct and vitiated, that he could not see the animals of the creation as he

For The British FRIEND. ought; but that the man who was restored, or the These are questions which I have asked for my own spiritual Christian, had a new and clear discernment information, the result of the inquiry is instructive to concerning them which would oblige him to consider myself, and may possibly be so to others. In order to and treat them in a proper manner.

understand this subject, it is necessary to know preThis idea of George Fox and of Edward Burrough, viously, what the Church of Rome teaches respecting seems to have been adopted or patronized by the poet the extension of the Saviour's work in the salvation of Cowper :

the souls of men. Taking, then, for granted, that

, “ Thus harmony and family accord

every man is a sinner, and that the sinner merits Were driv'n from Paradise; and in that hour punishment, or eternal penalty, for his sins, she admits The secds of cruelty, that since have swellid

also that the expiatory sacrifice of Jesus Christ frees To such gigantic and enormous growth,

or saves the repentant sinner, he being absolved, in Were sown in human nature's fruitful soil.

canonical form, by the Confessor, from this penalty, Hence date the persecution and the pain That man inflicts on all inferior kinds,

not in respect to its being punishment, but as respects Regardless of their plaints. To make him sport, its being eternal. In this way, what the repentant sinTo gratify the phrenzy of his wrath,

ner gains by the death of the Saviour of mankind, is Or his base gluttony, are causes good

not complete salvation from punishment, but that this And just, in his account, why bird and beast

punishment from being eternal, which it ought and Should suffer torture.”

might be, is commuted into temporary. So that, notThus, from the first formation of their Society, withstanding the sacrifice made and satisfaction given Friends censured these diversions, and laid down such by the Saviour, still the obligation is always left upon moral principles, with respect to the treatment of man to pay in his own person satisfaction for his curanimals, as were subversive of their continuance. rent sins, either in the present life or in the next, These principles continued to actuate all true mem- without which he can by no means, says she, be bers who were their successors; and they gave proof received into heaven. In the present life, satisfaction by their own conduct that they were influenced by may be effected by works of penance, such as fastings, them, not only in treating the different animals under wearing hair-shirts, whippings, and other self-mortitheir care with tenderness, but in abstaining from all tications; but if, when he comes to die, he have either diversions in which their feelings could be hurt

. The not done these things, or not performed them to an diversions, however, of the field, notwithstanding that amount which may be considered enough to balance this principle of the treatment of the brute creation had the time and quantity of punishment which corresponds been long recognised, and that no person of approved to his sins, then God sends him to a place of torment. character in the Society followed them, began in time Here he suffers two, three, or ten-two, three, or ten to be resorted to occasionally by the young and hundred-years; a number which no one can measure, thoughtless members, either out of curiosity, or with a because only the Divine Being knows the time of view of trying them as means of producing pleasure. punishment which each individual soul needs, in order These deviations, however, from the true spirit of the to be by quittance purified and purged froin the debt of profession, becamo at length known; and the Society, sin. The place for this is Purgatory. No theologian, ihat no excuse might be left to any for engaging in up to the present day, has fixed, or attempted to fix, such pursuits again, came to a resolution in one of or is allowed to determine, what time any soul ought their yearly meetings, giving advice upon the subject to remain in this purgatory, but God alone knows it. in the following words :

What, then, is indulgence? Indulgence is the par"We clearly rank the practice of hunting and don, which the Divine Being concedes to a soul; the shooting for diversion with vain sports; and we believe release from all temporary penalty, or of any portion the awakened mind may see, that even the leisure of of it; a release which fe does not grant, except under those whom Providence hath permitted to have a con- certain conditions, which are the following. It is taught, petence of worlilly goods is but ill filled up with these in the Romish Church, that the multitude of Saints amusements. Therefore, being not only accountable whom she acknowledges, and who passed their lives on for our substance, but also for our time, let our leisure carth in mortification and penance, have accumulated

9

to themselves a much larger amount of merit, here on by the government, and patronized bythequeen-mother. earth, than they needed to cover the temporary penalty The worship of the goddess Flora, by heathen Rome, due for their own personal sins; so that not only in the Fifth Month (May), was transferred, by so-called have they had no purgatory to suffer, but they have Christian Rome, to the honour of the Virgin Mary. accumulated a vast amount of superabundant merits, In the Fifth Month, 1839, there assembled from day sufficient for the release of many other souls. She to day, some individuals, in a private house in Madrid, teaches also that these super-abounding merits are not in order to do honour to the Virgin, by observance of lost, but are stored and treasured up; an addition to the ceremonies already practised by many pious persons. the infinite superabundance which the Saviour himself To this party resorted a Jesuit, named who, accumulated by his life on earth, and which He laid at the request of the ladies of the house, selected the up in store for the redemption of others. And count- hymns, and directed the services to be performed, as ing these with those of the thousands of saints which the flowers of the month. Among the observances the Church of Rome reveres, an immense treasure of which he prescribed to the persons assembled, and merits is formed, which is at her own disposal, and whieh he severally distributed to them by the cast of the key to which is held by the Pope himself. She the lot, for the following day, one was, that the inditeaches, that God is willing that these merits might be vidual to whom the lot should fall

, should visit this or applied for the benefit of the sinner who has not suffi. the other most venerated image of the Virgin Mary of cient of his own, -not for his eternal pardon, because the town, and perform before it certain salutations, this is effected only by the work of redemption by the ejaculations, and prayers, in the name of all the party, death of Christ, but for his release from the temporary for their individual benefit, and as their individual punishment—the two or ten years, the two or ten worship. When the month drew towards a close, he hundred years—which he must otherwise have to suf- conceived the plan of continuing this easy, pleasant, fer the torment of purgatory. To the Pope, as head profitable, vicarious service, and of making it perpeof the Church, alone belongs the right and power to tual, for the benefit of his friends, and for his own. draw forth from the treasury, and apply the super- He proposed to them the formation of an association, abundant inerits of others, to any particular sinner's to consist of thirty-one persons, each of whom should, deficiency, in such measure as he chooses. IIe can on one day in the month, do honour, in the name of take of them, and bestow upon the sinner to such an all the rest, to such and such image of the Virgin, amount, as that he will have nothing at all to pay which should be indicated by lot, and inscribed upon or to suffer in purgatory for his own sins by deficiency cards or tickets distributed to each of them. The of his own merits. When the Pope does this, he is proposal was warmly approved, and an association said to concede plenary indulgence. He delegates to immediately formed, to begin on the first of the folthe higher ecclesiastics a small degree of his plenitude lowing month, “ to honour and make court to the great of power.

An arzhbishop possesses the faculty of Queen of the Universe” perpetually. This associaapplying to the sinner, only such a sum of merits from tion of thirty-one members is called a quire, one of this treasury, as may reduce 80 days of the period that whom is selected as director, and charged with prethe sinner must su fer in purgatory; in this case, he is paring the lot. This is the form of the card or said to concede 80 days of indulgence. The bishop can ticket :take and apply such an amount of merits from the fund, as shall shorten his period of suffering 40 days;

Ego diligentes me diligo.-Prov, viii. 17. when he does so, he is said to concede 40 days of indul

* Royal Grand Association for the continual worship

of Sma. Virgin, or Court of Maria. gence. Such are the doctrines of the Church of Rome

No. respecting indulgences, in every country where she Senora M. P. de N.-, on the (1st of June, exists. Now, if it be asked, Whence her doctors have 1848,) will visit and pay court to the Sma. Virgin, in drawn the assertion tbat man, a sinner, can work out the name of all the members, at her sacred image of a much larger amount of merits than he needs for the four Lady of Atocha), chaunting the litany and the satisfaction of the debt of his own soul ; that these SALVE, fervently entreating her to visit them at the hour merits may be used for other sinful men, who have too of death in reward for this religious devotion. few, or none of their own; that these merits, notwithstanding the drafts upon them, in the whole, go on

I love those who love me.from time to time increasing in the Church; and that The Jesuits were not slow to direct, and profit by, the key of the treasury, and the distribution of the the scheme. The associations, or quires, as the treasure, are at the disposal of the Pope, and from him monthly bodies are named, multiplied and overran the of the archbishop and bishop, to apply them to whom country. Indulgences by the late Pope and the presoever, and under what conditions soever, they choose sent, by archbishops and bishops, are heaped upon the to require? It can only be truly answered, that these devotees, to enlarge the too small reward--that of the things are sheerly what the gospel calls “ THE INVEN- visit in return by the Virgin at the hour of their death.

This sweet, easy, and profitable devotion, as we have In what manner, and to what degree, is this doc- said, extended over the kingdom, and even to the trine of Indulgence employed by the priests of tho colonies. A year ago, it numbered 379 quires in New Romish faith, at the present day? We present our Castille ; 150 in Old Castille ; in Catalonia, the proreaders with a real example, upon a grand scale ; an

vince of bandits, Carlists, and smugglers, 296 ; the extreme instance, it is true, but one which sets the Balearic isles, 30; Africa, 4; slave-stained Cuba, 67. systein clearly in sight, and enables us to conceive its The total number of quires, in 1848, was 2582, each operation, in a more limited degree, upon individuals. consisting of 31 persons, -eighty thousand members. There exists, at this time, at Madrid, and various cities Although the quires are separate associations, each of Spain, at Oran, and even in Cuba, an extensive complete in its members, functions, and offices, yet, as society, called the “ Royal Grand Association for the each and every one of them is considered a part of the continual worship of the most holy Virgin, or Court of “grand association," the vicarious worship of every Maria. From the Manual printed at Madrid, in single-member draws down the merit of the reward, 1848, for the use of its members, some curious informa- not on the quire of 31 only, but equally on every tion

may be gathered respecting the operation of this individual associate of all the quires, wherever they society. It may be premised, that it is countenanced exist. Hence, by an ingenious scheme of increase,

[ocr errors]

Quire —,

[ocr errors]

TIONS OF MEN,

a

however rude and mistaken the manner of their worship may appear. It is not to expose to censure the ignorance or the imagery of the simple and sincerehearted Romanist, that we quote a few passages from the prayers composed for this association, but to show their wide departure from scriptural truth, and the means employed by the priests, not a few of them disbelievers of the creed they enjoin upon others, to deceive the simplicity of the people, for the advancement and gain of their order. "Most holy Virgin Mary, Queen of Heaven, Mother of our Lord Jesus Christ, and Lady of the world, who rejectest no one, look upon me, O Lady, with pity, and upon all the members of thy court, in whose name I make thee this visit. Obtain for us, from thy most blessed Son, the pardon of all our sins, because with devout affection we can serve thee now on earth, and afterward in eternal blessedness. We hope to obtain grace through thy powerful protection and merits, in that thou, Virgin, bore Jesus Christ our Lord, who, with the Father and the Holy Spirit, lives and reigns for ever and ever. Amen!" Salutation-"Mary! Counsel and Refuge of those who serve thee by visiting thee in thy temples and at thy altars, by thy happy transit and glorious assumption, I pray for all the associated members, in whose name I salute thee, addressing thee, with the angel, Hail, Mary, &c. Holy, Holy, Holy Mary, refuge of mortals, the heavens and the earth are full of thy glory, &c. The direction of the Manual goes on to say, "now more and more to oblige the Sma. Virgin, and make her propitious, she will be saluted with the litany." "Virgin most prudent-Virgin worthy of reverence-Virgin clement. Glass of justice-throne of wisdom all-spiritual vase-mystic rose-tower of David-tower of ivory-house of gold-&c., pray for us." But enough of this, although there is much more of a similar kind.

""

[ocr errors]

the indulgences, plenary and limited, granted to those who perform this court to the Virgin, are not to be estimated by multiplication of 31, the number of members of the quire merely, but that product is to be further multiplied by the number of quires-2582.

For ready computation, we select a single example from a number more. The cardinal-archbishop of Seville (the 18th July, 1844,) granted 100 days of indulgence to every member performing these services. Senora M. P. de N.- performs then one day in a month, and for this she purchases, to her own credit for the other life, and for every other member, at the Havana, or elsewhere, the indulgence of 100 days by 31-the number of members in the and that sum by the number of quires, producing the amount of 8,004.200 days of indulgence monthly; or yearly, 96,050,400 days. Other archbishops and bishops of Spain have also granted days of indulgence, amounting to 1740 days more; besides days, years. and plenary indulgences granted by the late and the present Pope. Instead of the above 100 days-take and multiply the whole 1840, and it will equal seventeen hundred and seventy-three millions per annum. Grand as is the amount of these amazing indulgences, it is as nothing to the depth of that gulf of purgatory, which the granters of these remissions can deepen at their pleasure, in proportion as they drain off the water at the surface. Nor is it sufficient reward for the devotees; for not for daily services alone are some of these grants conferred, but even to various acts of the service. The archbishop of Seville granted the said 100 days "for each Ave Maria, Salve, versicle of the Litany, or ejaculatory which the associates recite before the sculptured image of the Virgin, which is known to the said court of Maria by the title of Queen of the saints, and mother of beautiful love, or prints (estampas) of it."

77

99

These are not the frauds of vulgar and avaricious friars, made servants of the church from the lowest of the people. They are canonically conceded and approved by the heads of the Romish Church, Italian as well as Spanish. The late Pope, "Gregory XVI., by rescript (of 8th of August, 1845), conceded plenary indulgence to the associates of the Court of Maria for the act of becoming members." Another plenary indulgence for " the principal festival of the association;""70 days for each pious act which the members perform. By another rescript of the same date, is conceded "plenary indulgence for every mass celebrated for the deceased members, as though it were performed at privileged altars.' The present liberal Pope, Pius IX., by rescript (of the 8th of July, 1846), conceded plenary indulgence to the associates who visit once a year, on the day prescribed by lot, that church where is their tutelar image, The Queen of all the saints, and Mother of beautiful love.' By rescript (of January 15, 1847), he conceded another plenary indulgence, in every month of the year, to all the associated members of the Court of Maria, who visit the image of Sma. Virgin on the day determined by the lot; or if they cannot on the prescribed day, then on any other day whatever that they choose, at their own option. The same, by another rescript of the same date, concedes plenary indulgence to the associates on every of the seven festivals of the Nativity, Annunciation, &c., or on any eighth day after visiting the church where the Court of Maria is established; and 300 days every time they are present at the novena in the said church."-Origen de la real archico.. fradia del culto continuo a la Santisima Virgen ó Corte de Maria, &c. 6th e ition, 1848.

""

66

""

66

Every considerate person must respect the devo tional sentiment, which leads the uninstructed and unenlightened to revere and worship the Divine Being.

The members, one with another, pay a rial, about 24d. monthly; from which the Jesuits draw 50,000 duros, or £10,000, a-year, besides an equal or larger sum derived from the sale of tracts, medals, miracles, and prints; and they get the places of worship frequented, the altars and images adorned; for those images are to be preferred for this devotion that have a crown of gold and jewels; thus the wealth attracts the worship of the lip, and the worship extracts the wealth from the purse.

Romanism has been defined the ingenious accommodation of the Christian religion to the natural heart of man; and it has been shrewdly observed, that every man has a pope in his own bosom. It is not, therefore, for us to keep our attention fixed upon the grosser and more extreme perversions of scripture doctrine, as practised by the Church of Rome, as though they touched not ourselves, but to consider what other and more specious forms they assume amongst the various Protestant bodies of this country, in the present age, not excluding ourselves from the scrutiny; for, whatever dependence any one finds or makes to lean upon for his salvation, other than a full reliance upon the mercy of God in Christ alone, whether the services of man or minister, deviating from the purity and simplicity of the gospel, to that degree does he share in the essential spirit of popery, and of the Romish Church. W

W

NOTHING can be more proper for a creature that borders upon eternity, and is hasting continually to his final audit, than daily to slip away from the circle of amusements, and frequently to relinquish the hurry of business, in order to consider and adjust the "things that belong to his eternal peace.”

PROMISES OF RELIGION TO THE YOUNG.

In every part of Scripture, it is remarkable with what singular tenderness the season of youth is always mentioned, and what hopes are afforded to the devotion of the young. It was at that age that God appeared unto Moses, when he fed his flock in the desert, and called him to the command of his own people. It was at that age he visited the infant Samuel, while he ministered in the temple of the Lord, "in days when the word of the Lord was precious, and when there was no open vision." It was at that age that his spirit fell upon David, while he was yet the youngest of his father's sons, and when, among the mountains of Bethlehem, he fed his father's sheep. It was at that age, also, "that they brought young children unto Christ, that he should teach them: And his disciples rebuked those that brought them: But when Jesus saw it, he was much displeased, and said to them, Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not, for of such is the kingdom of heaven."

If these, then, are the effects and promises of youthful piety, rejoice, O young man, in thy youth rejoice in those days which are never to return, when religion comes to thee in all its charms, and when the God of nature reveals himself to thy soul, like the mild radiance of the morning sun, when he rises amid the blessings of a grateful world.

If, already, devotion hath taught thee her secret pleasures; if, when nature meets thee in all its magnificence or beauty, thy heart humbleth itself in adoration before the Hand which made it, and rejoiceth in the contemplation of the wisdom by which it is main tained; if, when revelation unveils her mercies, and the Son of God comes forth to give peace and hope to fallen man, thine eye follows, with astonishment, the glories of his path, and pours, at last, over his cross, those pious tears which it is a delight to shed; if thy soul accompanieth him in his triumph over the grave, and entereth, on the wings of faith, into that heaven "where he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high," and seeth the "society of angels, and of the spirits of just men made perfect," and listeneth to the "everlasting song which is sung before the throne:" -if such are the meditations in which thy youthful hours are passed, renounce not, for all that life can offer thee in exchange, these solitary joys. The world which is before thee, the world which thine imagination paints in such brightness,—has no pleasure to bestow which can compare with these; and all that its boasted wisdom can produce has nothing so acceptable in the sight of heaven, as this pure offering of thy

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

MEMOIR OF WILLIAM RICKMAN.
(Continued from page 292, Vol. VII.)

TRAVELS IN AMERICA CONTINUED.-1819. 1st Month,

26th.-I left the city to attend the Quarterly Meeting at Westbury. 27th and 28th.-The meeting of ministers and elders was large and satisfactory; as was the for worship was held, in which dear Elizabeth Coggemeeting for business. On the 29th, a public meeting shall had good service. Richard Mott was likewise engaged in a large testimony: I found relief in a short one. 2nd Month, 1st.-Rode to Purchase; put up at our friend, William Field's, the husband of our much valued friend, Hannah Field. The Quarterly Meeting at this place was large, and I trust favoured with best help Our esteemed friend, Henry Hull, was at it; with whom I went, in his carriage, to the Quarterly Meeting of Nine Partners. 7th, First-day.-Attended the meeting there in the forenoon, and one with the family at the school, in the evening. This school consists of about 120 children, of both sexes; under the superintendence of my old acquaintance, Thomas Willis, (son of my kind friends, Fry and Ann Willis,) and his wife. The school appeared to be in good order, and well Nine Partners, and several other meetings, I returned After attending the Quarterly Meeting at 3rd Month, 3rd, to New York, and entered again on

conducted.

the visits to families there.

5th Month, 15th.-Accompanied by George Knorr, of Philadelphia, I rode about forty-six miles through the pines, cedar swamps, &c. These exhibited a beautiful variety of flowers; but there was neither house nor living creature to be seen for several miles. At length we reached the hospitable dwelling of a and respectable members of our Society, people of valuable couple, David Mapps, and his wife, honest He owned colour, as were all the family, or nearly so. his wife informed us she sold 600 lb. weight of butter, a large farm, kept from fifteen to twenty cows; and of her own making, in one season, at 2s. 4d. their currency, equal to 1s. 44. sterling, per lb. ourselves very comfortable whilst with them and their well-ordered family. Next morning, First-day, the 16th, rode in company with them to the meeting at Little Egg Harbour, to which they belong-twelve or thirteen miles, some part of the way very swampy and bad; notwithstanding this and the distance, David, or his wife, seldom miss getting to meeting twice in the week; on First-days, and in the middle of the week.

We felt

5th Month, 18th.-From Shrewsbury, I rode about three miles to White's, whose wife, (formerly Ann Bizenet,) was one of my first pupils at New York: she was of an amiable disposition, and is now a valushe appeared much pleased to see me. able Friend, as was her mother, who was an immediate descendant of Isaac Penington.

When young,

infant soul.

In these days, "the Lord himself is thy Shepherd, and thou dost not want. Amid the green pastures, and by the still waters of youth, he now makes thy soul to repose. But the years draw nigh, when life shall call thee to its trials; the evil days are

66

""

5th Month, 21st.-I parted from my kind com.

66

""

on the wing, when thou shalt say thou hast no plea-panion, George Knorr and a young man who accomsure in them;" and, as thy steps advance, the val- panid us from Shrewsbury,-they returning home; and took my passage in a steam-boat for New York, ley of the shadow of death opens," through which where I arrived that morning, and was kindly received thou must pass at last. It is then thou shalt know by my friends, Samuel Wood and family. Next day what it is to " remember thy Creator in the days of was held the Yearly Meeting for Ministers and Elders, thy youth." In these days of trial or of awe, "his which was large. Here I met with my dear friend, spirit shall be with thee," and thou shalt fear no ill; Richard Jordan, and many other valuable Friends, and, amid every evil which surrounds thee, he shall from different parts where I had been. The Yearly restore thy soul. His goodness and mercy shall fol- Meeting for Discipline opened on Second-day, 5th low thee all the days of thy life;" and when, at last. Month, 24th, and continued, by adjournments, to "the silver cord is loosed," thy spirit shall return to Fifth-day evening, the 27th; although during some part the God who gave it, and thou shalt dwell in the house rather trying, yet it was on the whole a favoured meeting the business was conducted with despatch, and I think, for the most part, in a becoming manner.

66

of the Lord for ever.

TRUTH Truth will be uppermost, some time or 28th and 29th.-I paid several social visits to Friends other, like cork, though kept down in water. in the city, and took leave of many from different parts

« VorigeDoorgaan »