Fiscal Year 1991 Department of Energy Authorization: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Energy Research and Development of the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, Second Session, Volume 2 ;Volume 4
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. Subcommittee on Energy Research and Development
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1990
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activities addition Advanced allow analysis applications areas Argonne atoms Basic Energy Sciences beam biological budget calculation Center Chairman chemical chemistry Committee competitive concerns CONGRESS construction continue cost critical effect electron Energy Research equipment example exciting existing experimental experiments field funding future going grain boundaries HFBR important improved increase industry initiatives Institute interest investment involved lead LIBRARY Light Source lithography LLOYD magnetic major materials measurements meet million molecular molecules National Laboratory neutron scattering Neutron Source NSLS nuclear engineering operating opportunity past percent performed physics planning possible present problems production properties proposed reaction recent request role scientific scientists silicon structure studies superconductors surface synchrotron radiation technical technique temperature testimony Thank understanding United university research reactors upgrades user facilities x-ray
Page 74 - ... retirees who want to teach. A third initiative will begin this Spring and will involve the Pacific Northwest Laboratory in a collaborative science education program impacting the Hispanic and Native American populations, with another initiative expected in New Mexico using DOE facilities there.
Page 67 - FY 1992 is $37.0 million. These funds will ensure that BES-supported researchers will continue to have the equipment needed to initiate and continue advanced research, much of which involves experiments at extremes of temperature and pressure. Reliable, precise measurements under these conditions challenge the current state-of-the-art. Replacement and new equipment funded under this request, which...
Page 60 - ... user facilities are located. Since these laboratories are also Involved In many aspects of the applied energy programs, they are skilled at facilitating the transfer of scientific Information and technology from experiment to application. The BES program also provides significant direct. funding support to universities, In addition to providing them with research time at the various user facilities.
Page 72 - ... science education in targeted school districts. Another initiative will be the establishment of a precollege mathematics science education program at the DOE laboratories. There will also be: a traveling museum-based science education program consisting of exhibits on major energy-related scientific programs; increased precollege science teacher research appointments and minority high school student appointments to encourage more students to stay in the math/science pipeline; and emphasis on...
Page 70 - UNIVERSITY AND SCIENCE EDUCATION There is a growing consensus that one of the most serious problems facing the Nation over the next ten years is the declining number of young Americans, including women and minorities, interested in pursuing careers in science and engineering. Those who are interested often receive inadequate preparation for such careers.
Page 76 - Support program (MEL-FS) is to maintain the capabilities of the five national laboratories overseen by the Office of Energy Research to carry out their missions in a safe, healthy, and cost-effective manner. To accomplish this, the program supports activities that help counter problems of aging and obsolescence of facilities as well as safety and health inadequacies. The FY 1991 Construction request of $23.7 million will support continuation of all ongoing projects. There are no new starts included...
Page 171 - National Academy of Sciences entitled University Research Reactors in the United States-their Role and Value, examines the role of URRs in the areas of research, education, and service, especially in light of the decreasing numbers of reactors. The report concludes...
Page 58 - Research in each of these areas is primarily driven by the need for enhanced knowledge or understanding which currently limits existing technologies. The link between basic research and applications, however, is not generally confined to any single energy or technology problem. For example, a new or improved ceramic material may be applied to energy...
Page 53 - The 6-7 GeV project is a new, hard x-ray synchrotron light source which has been rated as the top priority by several scientific panels, including one from the National Academy of Sciences. It will provide brilliant x-ray beams that will serve...