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purse and faith? Who style themselves embassadors of Jesus Christ, and seem to be his tithe-gatherers, though an office of their own setting up to his dishonour, his exacters, his publicans rather, not trufting that he will maintain them in their embaffy, unless they bind him to his promife by a statute-law, that we shall maintain them. Lay down for fhame that magnific title, while ye seek maintenance from the people: it is not the manner of embaffadors to ask maintenance of them to whom they are sent.
But he who is Lord of all things, hath fo ordained: trust him then; he doubtless will command the people to make good his promises of maintenance more honourably unalked, unraked for. This they know, this they preach, yet believe not: but think it as impossible, without a ftatute-law, to live of the gospel, as if by thofe words they were bid go eat their Bibles, as Ezekiel and John did their books; and fuch doctrines as these are as bitter to their bellies'; but will ferve so much the better to discover hirelings, who can have nothing, though but in appearance, juft and folid to answer for themselves against what hath been here spoken, unless perhaps this one remaining pretence, which we shall quickly fee to be either falfe or uningenuous.
They pretend that their education, either at school or university, hath been very chargeable, and therefore ought to be repaired in future by a plentiful maintenance : whenas it is well known, that the better half of them, (and ofttimes poor and pitiful boys, of 'no merit or promifing hopes that might entitle them to the public provifion, but their poverty and the unjust favour of friends,) have had the most of their breeding, both at school and university, by scholarships, exhibitions, and fellowships at the public cost, which might engage them the rather to give freely, as they have freely received. Or if they have missed of these helps at the latter place, they have after two or three years left the course of their studies there, if they ever well began them, and undertaken, though furnished with little else but ignorance, boldness, and ambition, if with no worse vices, a chaplainship in fome gentleman's house, to the freVol. III,
quent embaling of his fons with illiterate and narrow principles. Or if they have lived thacre upon their own, who know's not that seven years charge of living there, to them who fly not from the government of their parents to the licence of a university, but come serioully to study, is no more than may be well defrayed and reimburied, by one „year's revenue of an ordinary good benefice? If they had then means of breeding from their parents, it is likely they have more now; and if they have, it needs must be mechanic and uningenuous in them, to bring a bill of charges for the learning, of those liberal arts and sciences, which they lave learned (if they have indeed learned them, as they feldom have) to their own benefit and accomplishment. But they will say, we had betaken pis to some other trade or profeflion, had we not expected to find a better livelihood by the minifiry This is what which I looked for, to discover them openly neither true lovers of learning, ançl to very feldom guilty of it, nor truc ministers of the gospel, so long ago out of data is tirat
, old true saying, mij
, w 19 If a man detire a billioprie, le delires a good work;" for now commonly he who defies, to be Infinitier, looks not at the work, but at the , wages ; and by that lure or lowbell, may be tolled from parilh to parish all the town over. But, what can be plainer Simony, than thus to be at charges beforehand, to no
other end than to malze their uriniltry doubly or trebly beneficial. To whom it might be laid, as jutily as to that Şimon, Thy money perife with thee, becaule thou halt thought, that the gift of God may be pure -chased with money; thou hast neither part nor lot in this matter." Next, it is a, fond erroux, though t'pa zuuch believed among us, to think that, the university makes a minister of the, gospel; what it may, condtice to other arts and sciences, 1 dispute not now: but that which makes fit a ninifigr; tlic fcripture can beft in form us to be only from above, whenee alto we are bid to seek them; Mat. ix, 38, % Pray ye therefore te the Lord of the harvett, that he will fend forth laburers into his harvest.” Aas, xx, 28,“ The Heck, over which llie lloly Gholt hath made you overleers." Roun. x, 15,
" How fall they preach, unless they be sent ?" By whom. fent? by the university, or the magistrate, or their belly? No surely, but fent from God only, and that God who is not their belly. And whether he be fent from God, or from Simon Magus, the inward fenfe of his calling and spiritual ability will' fufficiently tell bim; and that strong obligation felt within hiin, which was felt by the apostle, will often express from him the lame words : 1 Cor. ix, 16, “ Neceflity is 'laid upon me, yea, Woe is me if I preach not the gospel.” Not a beggarly necessity, and the Woe feared otherwise of perpetual want, but such a necessity as made him willing to preach the golpel gratis, and to embrace poverty, rather than as a woe to fear it. 1 Cor. xii, 28, “God hath fet some in the church, first apostles, &c.” Ephet. iv, 11, &c.; “He gave fome apoftles, &c. For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the miniítry, for the edifying of the body of Christ, till we all come to the mmity of the faith.' Whereby we may' know, that as he made them at the first, fo he makes them ftill, and to the world's end. 2 Cor. iii, 6, “Who hath also inade us fit or able ministers of the New Testament.” i Tim. iv, 14, " The gift that is in thee, which was given thee by prophecy, and the laying on of the hands of the prefbytery.” These are all the means, which we read of, required in scripture to the inaking of a minister. All this is granted, you will say; but yet that it is also requisite he thould be trained in other learning; which can be no where better had than at universities. I answer, that what learning, either human or divine, can be neceffary to a minister, may as easily and less chargeably be had in any private house. How deficient elte, and to how little purpose are all those piles of fermons, notes, and comments on all parts of the Bible, bodies and marrows of divinity, besides all other sciences, in our English tongue; many of the same books which in Latin they read at the univerfity? And the small necessity of going
thither to learn divinity I prove first from the most part jie of themselves, who feldom continue there till they have
well got through logic, their first rudiments; though, to lay truth, logic allo may much better be wanting in
disputes of divinity, that in the subtile debates of law. yers, and statesmen, who yet feldom or never deal with fyllogisins. And thote theological disputations there held by professors and graduates are fuch, as tend leaft of all to the edification or capacity of the people, but rather perplex and leaven pure dočtrine with fcholaftical trash, than enable any minister to the better preaching of the gospel. Whence we may also compute, fince they come to reckonings, the charges of his needful library: which, though some shame not to value at 6ool., may be competently furnislied for hol. If any man for his own curiosity or delight be in books further expensive, that is not to be reckoned as neceffary to his ministerial, either breeding or function. But papists and other adversaries cannot be confuted without fathers and cour cils, immense volumes, and of vast charges. I will show them therefore a Norter and a better way of confutation : Tit. i, 9, “ Holding fast the faithful word, as he hath been taught, that he may be able by found doctrine, both to exhort and to convince gainlayers:” who are confuted as soon as heard, bringing that which is either not in fcripture, or against it. To pursue them further through the obscure and entangled wood of antiquity, fathers and councils fighting one against another, is needless, endlets, not requisite in a minifter, and refused by the firti reformers of our religion. And yet we may be confident, if thete things be thought needful
, let the state but erect in public good store of libraries, and there will not want men in the church, who of their own inclinations will become able in this kind against papist or any other adversary. I have thus at large examined the usual pretences of hirelings, coloured over most commonly with the cause of learning and universities; as if with divines learning stood and fell, wherein for the most part their pittance is so small: and, to speak freely, it were much better there were not one divine in the universities, no school-divinity known, the idle fophistry of monks, the canker of religion; and that they who intended to be ministers, were trained up in the church only by the scripture, and in the original lane guages thereof at school; without fetching the com
pass of other arts and sciences, more than what they can well learn at secondary leisure, and at home.-Neither speak I this in contempt of learning, or the ministry, but hating the coinmon cheats of both , hating that they, who have preached out bishops, prelates, and canonilts, should, in what serves their own ends, retain their falle opinions, their Pharifaical leaven, their avarice, and closely their ambition, their pluralities, their nonresidencies, their odious fees, and use their legal and popith arguments for tithes : that independents thould take that name, as they may justly, from the true freedom of christian doctrine and church-discipline subject to no superiour judge but God only, and seek to be dependents on the magistrate for their maintenance ; which two things, independence and state-hire in religion, can never confift long or certainly together.
For magiftrates at one time or other, not like thetė at present our patrons of christian liberty, will pay none but fuch whom by their committees of examination they find conformable to their interesis and opinions : and hirelings will foon frame themselves to that intereft, and thole opinions which they see best plealing to their paymasters; and to seem right theinfelves, will force others as to the truth. But most of all they are to be reviled and Thamed, who cry out with the distinct voice of notorious hirelings; that if ye fettle not our maintenance by law, farewel the golpel; than which nothing can be uttered more falle, more ignominious, and I may lay, more blasphemous against our Saviour; who hath promised without this condition, both his holy spirit, and his own presence with his church to the world's end: nothing more falle (unless with their own niouths they condemn themselves for the unworthiett and most mercenary of all other ministers) by the experience of 300 years after Christ, and the churches at this day in France, Austria, Polonia, and other places, witnesling the contrary, under an adverte magistrate, not a favourable;: nothing more ignominious, levelling, or rather undervaluing Christ beneath Mahomet. For if it must be thus, how can any christian object it to a Turk that his religion, stands, by force only; and not justly CC3