their mouth.” Which let natural philosophers take notice
of (for this secret in nature was never discovered before)
that lightning makes men's hair stand on end. But who
knows not that little effeminate minds are apt to be amazed
at the news of any extraordinary great action; and that
then they show themselves to be, what they really were
before, no belter than to many stocks ? "fome could not
refrain from tears ;" fome little women at court, I suppose,
or if there be any more effeminate than they, of whose
number Salmafius himself being one, is by a new meta-
morphosis become a fountain near akin to his name
(Salmacis) and with his counterfeit flood of tears prepared
over night, endeavours to emalculate generous minds : I
advise therefore, and wish them to have a care;

Infamis ne quem malè fortibus undis
Salmacis enervet.

-Ne, fi vir cum venerit, exeat indè
Semivir, & tactis fubitò mollescat in undis.
Abstain, as manhood you esteem,
From Salmacis' pernicious stream:
If but one moment there you stay,
Too dear you'll for your bathing pay.-
Depart nor man nor woman, but a fight

Disgracing both, a loath'd hermaphrodite.
“ They that had more courage” (which yet he expref-
fes in miserable bald Latin, as if he could not to much as
fpeak of men of courage and magnanimity in proper
words) “ were set on fire with indignation to that degree,
that they could hardly contain themtelves.” Those furious
Hectors we value not of a rush. We have been ac-
customed to rout such bullies in the field with a true
fober courage; a courage becoming men that can con-
tain themselves, and are in their right wits. « There
were none that did not curse the authors of fo horrible a
villany.” But yet, you say, their tongues clove to the
roof of their mouths; and if you mean this of our fugi-
tives only, I wish they had clove there to this day; for
we know very well, that there is nothing more comujion
with them, than to have their mouths full of curses and

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imprecations, which indeed all good men abominate, but withal despite. As for others, it is hardly credible, that when they heard the news of our having inflicted a capital punishment upon the king, there should any be found, especially in a free state, so naturally adapted to slavery as either to speak ill of us, or so much as to censure what we had done. Nay, it is highly probable, that all good men applauded us, and gave God thanks for so illuftrious, so exalted a piece of justice; and for a caution fo very useful to other princes. In the mean time, as for those fierce, those steel-hearted men, that, you say, take on for, and bewail fo pitifully, the lamentable and wonderful death I know not who; them I say, together with their tinkling advocate, the dullest that ever appeared fince the name of a king was born and known in the world, we shall even let whine on, till they cry their

But in the mean time, what schoolboy, what little infignificant monk could not have made a more elegant speech for the king, and in better Latin than this royal advocate has done? But it would be folly in me to make such particular animadversions upon his childishnefs and frenzies throughout his book, as I do here upon a few in the beginning of it; which yet I would be willing enough to do (for we hear that he is swelled with pride and conceit to the utmost degree imaginable) if the undigested and immethodical bulk of his book did not protect him. He was resolved to take a course like the foldier in Terence, to save his bacon; and it was very cunning in him, to stuff his book with so much puerility, and so many filly whimsies, that it might nauseate the fmartest man in the world to death to take notice of them all. Only I thought it might not be amiss to give a specimen of him in the preface; and to let the serious reader have a taste of him at first, that he might guess by the firft dish that is served up, how noble an entertainment the rest are like to make; and that he may imagine with himself what an infinite number of fooleries and impertinencies must needs be heaped up together in the body of the book, when they stand fo thick in the very entrance into it, where, of all other places, they ought to have been shunned. His tittle-tattle that follows, and

his fermons fit for nothing but to be wormeaten, I can eafily pass by, as for any thing in them relating to us, we doubt not in the least, but that what has been written and published by' authority of parliament, will have far greater weight with all wise and sober men, than the calumnies and lies of one single impudent little fellow; who being hired by our fugitives, their country's enemies, has (craped together, and not scrupled to publish in print, whatever little story any one of them that employed him put into his head. And that all men may plainly see how little conscience he makes of setting down any thing right or wrong, good or bad, I defire no other witness than Salmafius himself. In his book, entitled,

Apparatus contra Primatum Papæ,” he says, 'there are most weighty reasons why the church ought to lay aside epifcopacy, and return to the apostolical institution of presbyters : that a far greater mischief has been introduced into the church by episcopacy, than the schisms themselves were, which were before apprehended : that

the plague which episcopacy introduced, depressed the a whole body of the church under a miserable tyranny;

nay, had put a yoke even upon the necks of kings and princes : that it would be more beneficial to the church, if the whole hierarchy itself were extirpated, than if the pope only, who is the head of it, were laid aside,' page 160. "That it would be very much for the good of the church, if episcopacy were taken away, together with the papacy: that if episcopacy were once taken down, the papacy would fall of itself, as being founded upon it,' page 171. He says, he can show very good reasons why episcopacy ought to be put down in those kingdoms, that have renounced the pope's fupremacy; but that he can see no reason for retaining it there : that a reformation is not entire, that is defective in this point : that no reason can be alleged, no probable cause afligned, why the supremacy of the pope being once disowned, epifcopacy ihould notwithstanding be retained,' page 197.Though he had wrote all this, and a great deal more to this effect, but four years ago, he is now become so vain and fo impudent withal, as to accuse the parliament of England, * for not only turning the bishops out of the house of lords, but for abolishing episcopacy itfelf.' Nay, he perfuades us to receive epifcopacy, and defends it by the very fame reasons and arguments, which with a great deal of earneftness he had confuted himself in that former book; to wit, that bishops were neceffary, and ought to have been retained, to prevent the springing up of a thousand pernicious fects and heresies. Crafty turncoat! are you not ashamed to shift hands, thus in things that are facred, and (I had almoft said) to betray the church; whose most folemn institutions you seem to have aflerted and vindicated with so much noise, that when it should seem for your interest to change fides, you might undo and fubvert all again with the more disgrace and infamy to yourself? It is notoriously kno-vn, that when both houses of parliament, being extremely desirous to reform the church of England by the pattern of our reformed churches, had resolved to abolish episcopacy, the king first interposed, and afterwards waged war against them chiefly for that very cause; which proved · fatal to him. Gonow and boast of your having defended



the king; who, that you might the better defend him, do now openly betray and impugn the cause of the church, whose defence you yourself had formerly undertaken; and whose feverest censures ought to be inflicted upon you. As for the present form of our government, fince fuch a foreign insignificant professor as you, having laid aside your boxes and desks stuffed with nothing but trifles, which you might have spent your time better in putting into order, will needs turn busybody, and be troublesome in other men's matters, I shall return you this answer, or rather not to you, but to them that are wiser than yourself, viz. That the form of it is such as our present distractions will admit of ; not fuch as were to be wished, but such as the obstinate divisions, that are amongst us, will bear. What state foever is pestered with factions, and defends itself by force of arms, is very juft in having regard to those only that are found and untainted, and in overlooking or secluding the rest, be they of the nobility or the common people ; nay, though profiting by experience, they should refuse to be governed any longer either by a king or a house of VOL. III. T:

lords. But in railing at that fupreme council, as you call it, and at the chairman there, you make yourself very ridiculous ; for that council is not the supreme council, as you dream it is, but appointed by authority of parliament, for a certain time only; and consisting of forty persons, for the most part members of parliament, any one of whom may be president, if the rest vote him into the chair. And there is nothing more common, than for our parliaments to appoint committees of their own members; who, when so appointed, have power to meet where they please, and hold a kind of a little parliament amongst themselves. And the most weighty affairs are often referred to them, for expedition and secrecy; the care of the navy, the army, the treasury; in Thort, all things whatsoever relating either to war or peace. Whether this be called a council, or any thing else, the thing is ancient, though the name may be new; and it is fuch an inftitution, as no government can be duly administered without it. As for our putting the king to death, and changing the government, forbear your bawling, don't fpit your venom, till, going along with you through every chapter, I show, whether you will or no,“ by what law, by what right and justice all that was done. But if you intilt to know" by what right, by what law;" by that law, I tell you, which God and nature have enacted, viz. that whatever things are for the universal good of the whole fiate, are for that reason lawful and just

. So wife men of old used to answer such as you. You find fault with us for “repealing laws, that had obtained for fo many years ;" but you do not tell us whether thofe laws were good or bad, nor, if you did, should we heed what you faid; for, you busy puppy, what have you to do with our laws? I with our magiftrates had repealed more than they have, both laws and lawyers; if they had, they would have consulted the intereft of the christian religion, and that of the people better than they have done. It frets you, that “ hobgoblins, fons of the earth, fcarce gentlemen at home, fcarce known to their own countrymen, thould prefume to do such things.” But you ought to have remembered, what not only the scriptures, but Horace would have taught you, viz.

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