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If the Sense of a Law be dubious, we are sometimes to expound it
by Liberty, sometimes by Restraint
Positive Laws cannot be dispensed with by any human Power..
Not every Thing, that is in the Doctrine of Jesus Christ, was intended
to bind as a Law
Some Things may be used in the Service of God, which are not com-
manded, nor explicitly commended ......
The Christian Law is fully contained in the Holy Scriptures •
In the Law of Christ no Precept wholly ministers to the Law of
The Laws of Jesus Christ are to be interpreted according to their
Those, whom Christ addressed, were not always considered the
Representatives of the whole Church
Evangelical Laws, given to one concerning the Duty of another,
concern them both in differing Degrees
Custom is no sufficient Interpreter of the Laws of Christ
The Measure of Obedience expected of Christians is greater than that
of the Jews ..
OF HUMAN LAWS, THEIR OBLIGATION AND RELAXATION:
AND OF THE COLLATERAL, IN DIRECT, AND ACCIDENTAL
BANDS OF CONSCIENCE.
OF HUMAN LAWS IN GENERAL ; AND WHAT OBLIGATION THEY PASS
UPON THE CONSCIENCE.
The Conscience is obliged to obey the Laws of Men ..-.
Human Laws do not oblige the Conscience to an active Obedience,
when there is very grievous Evil in the Obedience......
The Laws of our Superior that are not just, do not oblige the Con-
A Law founded upon a false Presumption, does not oblige the Con-
Human Laws bind the Conscience in secret, as well as in public.... 287
Human Laws, before sufficient Promulgation, do not oblige the Con-
That a Law should oblige the Conscience, does not depend upon the
Acceptation of the Law by the People........
Human Laws of indifferent Matter do not oblige the Conscience of the
Subjects out of the Dominions of the Superior..
Obedience to Laws is to be paid according to what is commanded
OF LAWS PENAL AND TRIBUTARY.
It is lawful for Christian Magistrates to make penal Laws
Penal Laws do sometimes oblige the guilty Person to the suffering the
Punishment, even before the Sentence of the Judge
Penalties imposed by the Judge, may not be inflicted by the Hands of
He' that hath suffered the Punishment, must also repent of the Dis-
It is not lawful for a guilty Person to defend himself by Caluinny
Private Christians may not, without public Authority, punish Male-
factors, but they may require it of the Magistrate
It is not lawful to punish one for the Offence of another
The Laws of Tribute are moral Laws; and therefore do oblige the
Conscience to an active Obedience
The Laws of Tribute have the same Measures with other Laws of
Customs which are due, are to be paid whether they be demanded
OF KINGS, PRINCES, AND ALL SUPRENE CIVIL POWERS, AND THEIR
LAWS IN SPECIAL.
The supreme Power in every Republic is unlimited
The supreme Power is superior to the civil Laws, but not wholly free
RULE III. :
It is not lawful for Subjects to rebel, upon any Pretence whatsoever.. 453
The supreme civil Power is also supreme Governor over all Persons
Kings have a legislative Power in the Affairs of Religion
The supreme civil Power bath a Power of Coercion in the whole Order
The supreme civil Power hath Jurisdiction in Causes internal and
The supreme civil Power is to govern in Causes ecclesiastical, by the
Assistance and Ministries of ecclesiastical Persons..
OF THE POWER OF THE CHURCH IN CANONS AND CENSURES, WITH
THEIR OBLIGATIONS AND POWERS OVER THE CONSCIENCE.
The whole Power, which Christ hath left in ordinary to his Church, is
merely spiritual .....
The Church hath Power to make Laws and to give Commands obliging
the Conscience, that is, tying the Subjects to Obedience under the
Penalty of committing Sin, or of incurring the Divine Displeasure 563
The Church hạth Power to make Laws in all Things of necessary Duty,
by a direct Power and a Divine Authority
The Church hath Power to make Laws in such Things, which are
Helps and apt Ministries and Advantages of necessary Duty --------
When the Canons or Rules of the ecclesiastical Rulers are confirmed
by the supreme civil Power, they oblige the Conscience by a double
Kings and Princes are, by the Ties of Religion, not of Power, obliged
to keep the Laws of the Church
It is not lawful for the ecclesiastical Power to excommunicate Christian
Princes, or the supreme civil Power • q****
Ecclesiastical Censures are to be inflicted by the Consent and Con-
currence of the supreme civil Power