idolatry; and as the place distinguished by the abode of the Son of Man, whose birth and life, doctrines and miracles, death and resurrection, have shed a charm over it which no other region can present. Superstition has degraded many of its scenes by its mum. meries, and enthusiasm in its vanity has fancied it the place of Messiah's personal reign in the latter days; but often has piety dropped a tear while memory brought to her ear the tones of its harp, and the love of the Son of God, and when faith beheld in the garden and on the cross the agonies of the Man of Sorrows. While the subjects of these volumes are thus interesting, the manner in which they are set forth is entitled to very high commendation. The information they contain is extensive and varied, and must have been collected with great labour; the style is neat and pleasing, the plates are beautiful, and the execution of the whole refects great credit on the taste and spirit of the publishers. The pious reader will find in both volumes, and especially in the last, light shed on scenes amidst which his heart loves especially to dwell, and reflections fitted to strengthen devout feeling, as well as to improve him in holy wisdom. We were especially pleased to find that Dr. Russell had avoided the snare in which some writers on these subjects have been entangled, who, from a professed contempt of vulgar credu. lity, and an affectation of scientific ingenuity, have represented the wonders wrought in ancient times as skilful contrivances, or as the results of natural causes, over whose operations a veil of mystery was spread, fitted to inspire the popular mind with the impression of supernatural agency. Such concessions are received by infidels with greediness, and they are repaid by insidious praises to their candour and liberality; but so far from render. ing them more favourable to Christianity, they embolden them to demand further sacrifices. The principles of our religion are more hated by them than its miracles, and it is by heaping discredit on them that they hope to open their way into the citadel of our faith. They compliment the policy of Moses at the ex. pense of his integrity. The refinement which would explode ail that is supernatural from our signs, cannot be supposed willing to retain aught that is mysterious in the doctrines of our faith. Under pretext of simplifying religion, they strip it of all that characterizes it as a revelation from heaven, and try to put away the cloud of glory from its temple, and the vail which guards the holy of holies from the intrusion of presumptuous curiosity. We cordially recommend these volumes as rich in valuable information, presented in a form highly attractive, and adapted for far nobler objects than the amusement of the passing hour, or the gratification of mere curosity. We rejoice to think that the pub. liskers are meeting with such encouragement


to proceed in the execution of their plan, for among the various schemes of literary publi. cation for popular utility, history appears to us peculiarly fitted for that end. 'Here by the past we are led to judge of the future : we see God's agency, and the different results of virtue and vice; we learn to rise superior to narrow prejudices; and while other knowledge puffs up, history humbles us; for every page of her record is a lesson of contrition, or a warning of punishment. Fictitious nar. ratives may charm by the power of fancy or description; but the idea of its being a mere invention, however skilful, enfeebles its moral influence; but, in history, we see the admonitions of experience.

The survey of the present state of Egypt and of Palestine, as described in these volumes, is strongly adapted to excite the pity of Christian benevolence. An expedition from France and one from England has in our day conquered in Egypt; but it remains as it was in political and moral debasement; but were it open to the influence of the gospel, it would set its people on high from their miseries, and fill them with light and holiness. In the crusades Europe poured its thousands into the IIoly Land for slaughter and conquest, and left it to the rod of the oppressor; but the period will come when the Lord of Hosts shall reign in Mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously,-- when he shall pass through the length and breadth of the land in robes of light, when the voice from the excellent glory shall proclaim, “ This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased, hear ye him;"-when glad hosannahs shall be the reply from all ranks and ages, and when the daughter of Zion shall take down her harp from the willows, and tune it for the triumphs of him to whom God has given the throne of his father David, who shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever, and of his kingdom there shall be no end.

ON THE MORAL INFLUENCE OF FREE TRADE, and its Effects on the Prosperity of Nations, By Edward Baixes, jun. 8vo. pp. 66.

Ridgway ; Baldwin and Cradock. This essay supplies us with the knowledge of facts and the application of reasonings, which deeply interest every subject of the British crown, and, indeed, every member of the human community, savage or civilized. We here see, as in a comprehensive and luminous panoramic view, the nature and opera. tion of those daily proceedings in the world of government and commerce, upon the right or wrong application of which depend ibe peace, prosperity, and happiness, or the bloody contentions, the wretchedness, and the ruin of all nations and families. But our chief motive for introducing a notice of this pamphlet, is to invite the attention of serious Christians to the subject which it discusses. They are the lights of the world and the salt of the earth; and it behoves them to be aware how closely the preservation and diffusion of true religion are connected with the free intercourse and commerce of nations. The ways of Providence are in harmony with the methods of grace ; both are but parts of the same wise, holy, and eternal counsel. It is pleasing and en. couraging to perceive in what numerous and powerful ways the diffusion of the gospel, with all its blessings, is entwined with that unrestricted intercourse of peaceful arts and friendly offices, which it has been one of the slowest movements of political men properly to understand, but which the greatest statesmen of our own time avow to be the best and surest means of national wealth and power. It is but of yesterday that the old state-maxim of blind selfishness has been rejected and abhorred by the most eminent politicians; and that it has been acknowledged, that a nation cannot soundly and permanently thrive upoa the ruin of other nations, and that the only sure way for one community to grow and remain rich and comfortable is for all around to do the same. Yet, this is the lesson which the religion of Jesus taught from the beginning. The sum of his moral precepts is, "All things whatsoever ye would that men should do unto yoii, do ye even so unto them.” Had men acted honestly upon this principle, monopolies, restrictions, and the jealousies of trade and policy would have been abrogated, and the gospel, with a glorious train of temporal and spiritual blessings, would have spread like the winds of heaven or the rays of the sun. We make a few citations from Mr. Baines.

" I think I shall be able to show that the general establishment of free trade would have prevented many of the wars undertaken for the acquisition of colonies, and all those arising out of a claim to exclusive privileges; and would have so bound the nations of the world together by the ties of affection and mutual interests, as to have restrained mo. narchs from going to war to gratify their own ambition. If this be made to appear, I may safely assert that the universal establishment of free trade would be one of the greatest blessings that the philanthropist or the Chris. tian could desire.”-p. 19.

“I could not excuse myself if, in treating of the spread of civilization, and of the future benefits to be derived from commerce, I omitted to refer to the astonishing changes and improvements effected of late years in many of the islands of the South Sea, by means of Christian missionaries. These events have been little noticed in the literary and scientific world; but I do not hesitate to say that as far as my knowledge of history extends, they are the most remarkable instances of the sudden civilization of barbarous nations recorded in the annals of mankind. There is the most unexceptionable evidence to prove

that the inhabitants of several considerable islands, who, less than twenty years since, lived in the practice of the grossest and most bloody superstitions, and of the worst vices and cruelties of savage life, have been en. tirely reclaimed from their abominationshave assumed the habits, dress, and usages of Europeans, and, whilst they possess the form, also powerfully display the spirit, of Christianity. These facts do not rest upon the authority of one individual, but of many; of persons whose character and talents place them above suspicion; and they are not merely asserted in vague generalities, but proved by innumerable details, which defy misrepresentation or doubt. (See Polynesian Researches, by the Rev. Wm. Ellis.) 'If one fact be more convincing than another, it is, perhaps, not that they have abandoned their idols and their inhuman sacrifices, but that the men have relinquished their babits of indolent, gross, and brutal sensuality, and ne longer treat their women as worse than slaves; but now live each man with his own wife, in virtue and purity, and treating her with the honour and courtesy which Englishwomen are accustomed to receive.”-pp. 48, 49.

“ - As the islands of Polynesia may be said to be in a natural state, without commerce, and, of course, without commercial restrictions, I should like to appeal to the common sense of any plain man, whether the principles of free trade, or systems of restrictions and prohibitions, would be most likely to promote the prosperity, peace, and intellectual improvement of those clusters of islands. Swift never composed a keener sarcasm on the folly of governments than he might have done by applying the commercial regulations of the Old World to the embryo states of the South Sea. He might have shown them quarrelling with their neighbours, with whom a close connexion would be very profitable, and forming alliances with islands thousands of miles distant, with whom intercourse was difficult and expensive. He might have exhibited them solemnly forbidding the importation of iron, because it would throw out of work some dozens of persons who wrought in bone ; refusing to receive tow or canvass for the manufacture of their ropes and sails, and preferring to make them of the fragile bark of their native trees, lest they should injure their agricultural interest; choosing bad cocoa-nut oil from a remote island, rather than good from a contiguous island; singling out comparatively barren shores for colonies, and binding themselves to take their produce, though they paid for it twice as much of their own productions as was necessary; and restricting all traffic in particular articles to the vessels or canoes of particular islands. An island with a fertile soil, and teeming with natural productions, might be shown neglecting these advantages, and compelling its inhabitants to becoine

conducted on that plan of instruction. His classes, his mode of examination, and various observations, have afforded us much satisfaction. The general and “much-approved method,” given in the appendix, clearly demonstrates the great practicability of the system, in reference to a sound and scriptural plan of instructing Sunday scholars, according to their ages or classes. Those worthy young teachers, therefore, who are sincerely aiming to do all the good they possibly can to their youthful charge, will find this cheap little work an excellent, we may indeed say a superior guide to them in their benevolent labours.

manufacturers, by excluding all foreign articles of manufacture. Another island, whose surface was sterile, but whose bowels were rich in the useful metals, might be exhibited retaliating this conduct, by neglecting manufactures, and raising on its own surface the food which it might have obtained at half the cost from its neighbour. The Snciety islands might become unsociable; the Friendly islands, quarrelsome; and they might prefer forming political and commercial relations with the Sandwich Islands, several thousand miles off, to forming them among themselves. The government of llawaii might take a particular liking to that of Tongataboo, separated as far from it as Europe is from America, whilst it had a mortal hatred for that of Oahu, almost within sight; and it might bind its subjects to trade with the former, whilst it erected the chevaur de frise of custom-houses against the productions of the latter. The introduction of the loom and the spade might be prohibited under the severest penalties, Jest the people should construct their cloths and mattings at a more ruinously rapid rate than at present, or starve their population by cultivating their soil more easily. And thus they might be shown, at every step, contravening nature, checking the progress of art, indulging a short-sighted and pitiful jealousy, yet blessing their stars that they are plain practical men, and know nothing of political economy!”-pp. 51-53.

MEMOIR OF Jane Judson, a Siriday Scholur. By the Rev. B. H. Draper. 2s. 1831.

From the perusal of this iostructive narrative, we can readily concur with Mr. D. when he says, that “he never saw, in the course of his ministry, an instance of more decided piety.” Ile, therefore, wisely took minutes of conversations and occurrences which he thought would be most instructive ; and the substance, and often the very words of these conversations, are inserted in his book. His own observations, we scarcely need say, are most appropriate and scriptural. We are only sorry to see so many excellent woodcuts, as they necessarily enhance the price, and impede the circulation of an interesting publication. Yet, as a reward-book, or for the vestry library, we hope it will find its station, and extensively diffuse the savour of youthful piety.

SACRED IMAGERY; or, Illustrations of the principal Figures of Speech, from the Bible. Intended for the Instruction of Young Chil. dren, by assisting them in the acquirement of the great Principles of Language, and enabling them better to understand the sublime and beautiful Imagery of the Holy Scripture. By Joseph FINCHER, Esq., Author of the “Achievements of Prayer,” and the “ Interpositions of Divine Providence,”

Hatchard and Son. The title of this neat little volume sufficiently explains its design. The author, it appears, encouraged his little children to search the Scriptures for illustrations of the principal figures of speech, promising them at the same time that, if they were success. ful, he would arrange and print their collection of texts. In this interesting manner did the publication before us take its rise ; and we can assure our readers, especially parents, that a more excellent or suitable present they cannot put into the hands of intelligent young people.

The Prize ; or, the Five Sunday Scholars.

1831. 4d. This seems to be the unpretending, but truly serious effort of a lady, whose earnest aim is to convey the most salutary instruction to Sunday scholars, by her poetical powers. The thought, or question rather, is ingenious ; and the answers of the five scholars are most pleasing. Where verse is sought for, as a prize-book, we can assure our readers that, besides its devout tendency, this tract will be attractive for its harmonious versification.

LIFE of Kaboo, a Wild Bushinan. Written

in the form of a Narrative. By HIMSELF : describing the Circumstances and Habits of his wretched Countrymen, and the happy Change which Christian Instruction is culoulated to produce amongst a barbarous People. By JOHN CAMPBELL, Kingsland, near London.

Nisbet, Berners' Street. This volume, though but one shilling in price, contains a large portion of most interesting information respecting the privations, dangers, and crimes, which accompany it state of savage life ; and the extraordin

A Brief View of the Madras System or

Tuition, as far as it is applicable to Sunday-schools. 12mo. London, 1831.

Tuis little work appears to be the production of a person well acquainted with the Madras system, probably a master in a school

transformations which are wrought upon it by the introduction of the gospel of peace. The life of this wild Bushman will be read with extraordinary excitement by the young. It is written in Mr. Campbell's own graphic style.

IIANDEL'S ORATORIO or Tile Messiau, ar

ranged from the full Score, by F.C. WALKER,

Organist, &c. The Te Deum, composed or the Victory at Dettingen, by G. F. HANDEL.

Published by J. Hart. The name of Handel will ever be dear to the lovers of sacred music; and however we may regret that his sublime strains should be resolved into a theatrical amusement, we cannot but consider his Messiah, Te Deum, and other sacred compositions, like most of Milton's poetry, as well adapted to raise the affections heaven-ward; and, from some hints of his biographers, we are not without hopes that Ilandel himself, in his latter days, derived this advantage from them.

Of these adaptations we have the pleasure to add, that they do not disgrace the authors; and will make excellent practice for such as are sufficiently forward to attempt them on the organ, or even piano-forte.

5. Remarks on the New Bible Society ; extracted, by permission of the Editor, from the Christian Observer for December, 1831. Also, Trinitarian Bible Society; a Letter addressed to the Editor of the Record newspaper, on the proceedings at the formation of the above Institution, as reported by him. With a Postscript, referring to the speeches, on the same subject, at the Westminster Auxiliary Trinitarian Bible Society. By JOHN SCOTT, A.M. Hatchard, Seeley, and Holdsworth. There has been an industrions and dishonest attempt made by some of the Sackville Street party to l'epresent opposition to their views and measures a3 chictly confined to Dissenters. We hope they will abandon this miserable piece of Jesuitism, and henceforward admit the plain truth, that all are against thein except Dr. A. Thomson's party, the Morning Watch party, thie Record party, and Mr. Irving's party. How long they will keep terms with all these after the disclaimer of the Record we know not; but we earnestly entrcat all sober-minded persons, little given to the vehemence of party, to read the pamphlets which we now announce. They are unanswerable, except in that language of abuse for which some of the new lights are so famons.

6. Time's Telescope for 1832 ; or, a Completo Guide to the Almanack : containing an explanation of saints' days and holidays, with existing and obso. lete rites and customs, sketches of contemporary biography, &c. &c.; astronomical occurrences in every month, comprising remarks on the phenomena of the celestial bodies; notes of a naturalist, explaining various appearances in the animal and vegetable kingdom, &c. 8vo. Sherwood, Gilbert, and Piper.--Always an entertaining book, the Time's Telescope for 1832 is full of highly useful and im. portant information on a vast variety of interesting topics.

7. Thoughts in Affliction. By the Rey. A. S. THELWALL, A.M., of Trinity College, Cambridge, Seeley.-The arrangement and matter of this little volume are alike excellent.

8. Bible Illustrations ; or, A Description of Manners and Customs peculiar to the East; espe. cially explanatory of the Holy Scriptures. By the Rev. BOURNE DRAPER, Author of " Scripture Sto. ries from the Old and New Testament." Harris, St. Paul's Churchyard.-This is really a fine help for children to the right understanding of the Bible. Its enticement is so great that few young people will like to quit it till they have read it through. The embellishments are numerous and beautifully executed.

9. Hints to Britons. By a PATRIOT. Holds. worth and Ball.--This very powerful tract comos, we understand. from the pen of the late lamented Mr. Mann, the zealous, devoted, and enlightened pastor of the Baptist Church assembling in Maze Pond Meeting-house, Borough.

10. Saturday Evening. By the Author of “ Na. tural History of Enthusiasm." In 1 vol. 8vo. “ That day was the preparation, and the Sabbath drew

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3. Beautiesembers of the Church's claims on the

WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED. 1. The State of Unitarianism in England; an article reprinted, by permission, from the Eclectic Review for October, 1830. 8vo. Hamilton and Adams.--This pamphlet will cheer the heart of all who love the Lord Jesus, as it will show them that Socinianism, by the very showing of its most zea. Jous advocates, is fast approaching to annibilation. Nothing can be more delightful than the knowledge of such a fact. Every thing is now against it, as a systein of professed religion, except the recent do ings of the Trinitarian Bible Society."

2. The History of Tithes, Patriarchal, Levitical, Catholic, and Protestant; with Reflections on the extent and evils of the English Tithe System, and Suggestions for abolishing Tithes and supporting the Clergy. By BIBLICUS. J. Dinnis. 2nd Edition, --This pamphlet is written by a very devoted and clever author, and possesses strong claims on the attention of members of the Church of England.

3. Beauties of Sacred Harmony ; containing a series of Vocal and Instrumental Music, selected from the sublime Compositions of Correlli, Handel, Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and other eminent composers ; arranged for the voice, with an accompaniment for the piano-forte or oryan, designed for the use of families and schools. By J. C. NIGHTINGALE, Organist of the Foundling Hospital. 4to. Lutr, Great Russel Street. We have carefully examined these selections with their accompaniments, and are satisfied that the editor deserves the highest praise for the admirable assistance which he has turnished to the inore tasteful members of pions fainilies.

4. A Letter addressed to the Bishop of Salisbury. By WILLIAM TIPTAFT. Containing various reasons why he resigns his living, and cannot continue a Minister of the Church of England. J2mo. Hamilton and Adams.-This most interesting, and, in several weighty particulars, unanswerable tract, displays the true heroism of principle. Surely the Evangelical Clergy and Bishops will see the neces. ity of urging a reformation of several parts of the Book of Coinion Prayer. Let them look at Mr. Tiptaft's fourteen reasons for secession.


nitarians nursionists desiarguesas, &c. dewart,

11. Hints to a Clergyman's Wife; or, Female Parochial Duties practically Illustrated. In 1 vol. 12mo.

12. Select Library. Vol. V. Being Stewart Visit to the South Seas. Edited by the Rey. W. Ellis. Embellished with a Portrait of Mr. Stewart. Vignette Title, Chart of the Marquesas, &c. &c.

13. The Religionists designating Themselves Unitarians not Entitled to the Christian Name: being a Reply to a Sermon preached in Mill Hill Chapel, Leeds, denominated, Unitarians Entitled to the Name of Christians, by Joseph Hutton, LL.D; and a Defence of the Author from Charges in the Letter appended to that Sermon, founded on certain passages in his Address to the Constituents of Airedale College. By RICHARD WINTER HAMILTOX, Minister of Albion Chapel, Leeds.-This is a pamphlet of great originality and vigour, eminently fitted to place Socinians and Socinian principles where they ought to stand. We hope our readers will procure a sight of this masterly production.

14. Village lIymns for the Promotion of Reli

FOSTER. Published under the superintendence of
of Mathematics in the Royal Military Academy.
Vol. IV. Reviews and Miscellaneous Pieces,

gious Revivals, original and Selected. By the Rev. ASAREL NETTLETON, M.A., Connecticut. Westley and Davis.

15. Two Sermons on occasion of the Death of the Rey, C. GLASCOTT, A.M., late Vicar of Hatherleigh, Devon.-This is a valuable memorial of a Inost eminently devoted and useful servant of the Lord Jesus.

16. The Works of the Rev. Robert Hall, A.M., with a brief Memoir and a Sketch of his Literary Character, by the Right Hon. Sir J. MACKINTOSH, LL.D., M.P.; and a Sketch of his Character as a Theologian and a Preacher, by the Rev. JOHN

PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION. 1. The Rev. Calvin Colton's work on American Revivals, which will embrace the whole of this most interesting subject, will be ready for delivery to the trade and to the public in the course of the present month.


ward without delay. The sum yet raised is

quite inadequate ; and it will be a deep reTHE LATE MR. GREENFIELD.

Rection on the wealthy Dissenters if they We must express our deep regret that the should stand aloof. Contributions sent Dissenters have not taken up the case of the to the Rev. A. Brandram, at the Bible So. interesting family of this devoted Biblical ciety-house, will be properly applied under scholar. We do entreat them to come for Trustees.

Of Evangelical Ministers, voted at a Meeting of Trustees, Jan. 10, 1832.

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