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fanation of the Lord's day, presided on the occasion, and introduced the business of the day by some judicious remarks on the im portance of the proposed institution, especially to the trading classes, the utter insufficiency of the present “ Lord's-day Laws,” the efforts made in the House of Commons to pr«cure their alteration, and the urgent necessity which exists for a powerful and universal appeal to the legislature in support of those efforts, and in furtherance of the object proposed. The meeting was afterwards appropriately and eloquently addressed by R. J. Chambers, esq., the magistrate of Union Hall; the Rev. D. Ruell, Chaplain to the county of Middlesex ; Mr. Alderman Vena. bles, M.P.; Mr. Sheriff Peak; the Rev. J. Clayton, A.M.; T. Wilson, Esq. ; J. James, Esq. ; T. Prichard, Esq.; Dr. Fletcher; F. Edwards, Esq. ; Dr. H. F. Burder; T. Walker, Esq. ; Rev. H. Watkins, A. M.; Col. Torrens, M. P.; Apsley Pellatt, Esq.; Rev. J. Pratt, M. A.; and a warm-hearted Cambrian, named Lloyd, who stated him. self to be one of the working class. There appeared to be but one opinion as to the laws already enacted for promoting the observance of the Sabbath, viz. that they are altogether inadequate to secure the end designed by them, in consequence of the trifling amount of the penalties which they impose. The same unanimity prevailed as to the legitimacy of parliamentary interference, all agreeing, that the Sabbath being a civil as well as sacred institution, affecting the health, comfort, and moral and spiritual interests of the community, the legislature may and ought to interpose for the protection of the conscientious observer of the day, against the mean and avaricious trader, who would increase his gains, at the expense of his neighbours, by publicly doing business on the Sunday. While each speaker verbally or tacitly admitted the principle, that legis. lative measures for coercing the conscience, or for promoting a belief of particular religious doctrines, are both weak and wicked, he concurred in the opinion, that no man conscientiously violates the Sabbath, and that, therefore, no infringement of religious liberty results from enactments compelling every member of the community to close his shop and abstain from openly and flagrantly desecrating the septennial day of rest. Nor were the speakers less unanimous as to the numerous and extensive evils resulting from the non-observance of the Lord's day. The Rev. Mr. Ruell, Mr. Chambers, and the Cambrian, whose opportunities of witnessing the effects of Sabbath-breaking had been numerous, were particularly explicit on that subject, and their remarks were of a striking and interesting nature.
The ministers, and other friends of the Sabbath, present, appeared to be highly gratifood by the formation of this new institution;
and, perhaps, never before was there wit. nessed so much of unanimity and enthusiasm in the Sabbath cause. The establishment of this society at this particular juncture, the general interest excited in reference to the Sabbath, and the desire felt for the suppres. sion of Sunday traffic amongst all the more respectable traders of the metropolis, are certainly auspicious circumstances, and augur well, both for the improvement of the nation, and the prosperity of religion. Until the Sabbath be externally kept, the instructions of the sanctuary cannot benefit the whole of the nation ; but, when it is thus observed, we may hope that the house of God, and the worship of the Most High, will have some attractions for those who now employ them. selves in secular affairs during that holy day. Nor is it desirable to wait for moral means alone to effect the suppression of trading, and other open violations of the Sabbath. The fact is, that the persons who set at defi. ance the laws of God, and their country, are, for the most part, inaccessible to the means referred to ; and, while we are waiting for them to produce this result, the conscientious are suffering losses of various kinds, and the community is exposed to unnumbered annoy. ances and injuries.
We confidently hope that this society, and all others established for the same purposes, will obtain the pecuniary support, and the active and zealous co-operation of all who wish well to the Sabbath, to the nation, and to Christianity.
The following resolutions, passed at the meeting, clearly exhibit the character and objects of the institution :
1. That, as the appointment of one day in seven as a day of rest has been recognized by the laws of the land, and the customs of society, as enjoined by the Christian religion, and as essentially connected with the happiness of man, it is therefore desirable that the right to its enjoyment should not be aggressed by partial trading on Sunday.
II. That this meeting considers the admitted fact that Sabbath labour, were it generally practised, would produce no extra remuneration; and that working seven days would produce, in the end, but six days' pay; they therefore deem a better observ. ance of the Sabbath to be a subject highly interesting to the working classes of the community.
III. That this meeting highly approves of the resolution of the Court of Common Council, to close Farringdon Market on the Sunday ; and that, as the present “ Lord's-day Laws” are objectionable, in many respects, and almost wholly inoperative, this meeting highly approves of the resolutions of the Butchers' Sunday Observance Society, and of other societies having similar objects in view, to petition Parliament to consider the inefficiency of the present Sab. bath laws, and enforce a suspension of trade on Sundays, such laws having subjected to considerable pecuniary loss those who have hitherto deemed it their duty to keep the Sabbath, and to abstain from trade on that day.
IV. That this meeting earnestly and res. pectfully recommends to the wealthier classes not to place temptation in the way of the tradesman to break the Sabbath by withhold ing their orders until the Sunday, but rather to give their orders on Saturday, which it appears, by evidence taken before the House of Commons, the tradesmen themselves so much desire ; thus, by their good example, in this and other respects, strengthening the hands of the magistracy in their efforts to cause a due observance of the Sabbath.
V. That this meeting earnestly hopes that the new parliament will apply itself, at an early period of the session, to the considera. tion of the evil of Sunday trading, with the view of suppressing it, for which it is presumed the legislature will be fully prepared --a large mass of evidence (on the subject) having recently been taken before a Committee of the House of Commons, whose report, in the opinion of this meeting, has clearly established the fact that the great mass of the respectable traders in the metro. polis, who now exercise their calling on the Lord's Day, would consider a more strict law for the better observance of that day, not as a restraint, but“ as a blessing.”
VI. That, although this meeting deprecates the interference of the legislature with religious duties, it is anxious to obtain the enactment of laws which shall effectually secure to all classes of the community one day in seven as a day of rest.
VII. That, with the view of preparing the way for the better observance of the Sunday, this meeting recommends that mer. chants, manufacturers, tradesmen, and others, should, if possible, alter their pay-day from Saturday to an earlier day of the week, or, at least, to pay at an earlier hour on the Saturday, that the too frequent practice of late paying on that day may not compel the poor" to provide for their families by making their purchases on the Sunday. And that this meeting also strongly recommends to masters, tradesmen, and manufacturers, to discourage the system of pay-tables, or payment of wages in gangs, now too frequently established by foremen and clerks, at public houses.
VIII. That a petition to Parliament, founded upon the foregoing resolutions, be now signed; that the meeting respectfully suggests to public bodies, and religious communities, the propriety and importance of petitioning Parliament on the same subject; and that, to carry fully into effect the prin: ciples of these resolutions, a society be now
formed, to be called " The Society for the suppression of Sunday Trading in the City of London and its Vicinity."
IX. That John Labouchere, Esq., be the treasurer; that subscriptions to defray the necessary expenses be entered into forth with; that the following gentlemen be a committee, with power to add to their number; that all clergymen and dissenting ministers, being subscribers, be at liberty to attend and vote on the committee; and that such committee be authorized to appoint a secretary, or secretaries, and to advertise or otherwise circulate the foregoing resolutions, according to their discretion.
J. Kelly, Esq., Alderman; Ant. Brown, Esq., Alderman ; William Venables, Esq., Alderman, M.P.; Richard Peek, Esq., Sheriff; John Pirie, Esq., late Sheriff; John Labouchere, Esq.; Apsley Pellatt, Esq. ; Thomas Wilson, Esq.; Thomas Gandell, Esq. ; T. Saunders, Esq. ; J. E. Saunders, Esq., John Clark, Esq., Thomas George Williams, Esq. ; George Powell, Esq.; Daniel Green, Esq.; Joseph Blades, Esq.; David Allan, Esq.; James Muston, Esq. ; James Smith, Esq. ; Samuel Ridley, Esq.; G. T. King, Esq. ; John Mendham, Esq. W. Stormes Hale, Esq. ; - Gillman, Esg.; James Lowe, Esq. ; William Knott, Esq.; Joseph Batho, Esq.; William Hunter, Esg.; William Pritchard, Esq.
Petitions lie for signature at the London Coffee House; King's Head, Poultry; and the London Tavern, Bishopsgate Street.
The half-yearly general meeting of the above institution was held on Wednesday, the 24th of October, at the Congregational Library, Bloomfield-street, Finsbury; when the following three children were elected out of a list of seven candidates :--John Brown, Jo. ; siah Redford, and John Harwood Crossley.
We wish we could congratulate the friends of this institution on a more flourishing state of their finances, that the admissions might not be so limited in number. Efforts, we understand, are making, by an appeal to minis. ters to make collections for it; and we hope they will be attended with much success.
BRITISII AND FOREIGN TEMPERANCE SOCIETY.
Sir,--The Committee of this Society have again been obliged to appeal to the public for funds to carry on the important work to which their labours are devoted. We have indeed every encouragement to go forward. The number of members connected with our auxiliaries, and with societies in correspondence with us, is nearly 38,000. “Such,
The half-yearly meeting of the South Devon Association will be held at Teignmouth on Thursday the 27th instant. The Rev. T. Gibson, of Newton, is expected to preach in the morning, and Admiral Pearson to take the chair at the public meeting in the even,
however, is the actual situation of the society," as stated in the Herald for the current month, “ that if their numerous friends continue to support them, as most have hitherto done, only with their approbation and good wishes, the engagements with their agents, which are now nearly terminated, cannot be renewed. The principles of Temperance Societies are intimately connected with tem. poral prosperity and moral improvement; and they have a most important bearing on the spiritual interests of multitudes of immortal beings. The secretaries, therefore, entreat every individual who may feel satisfaction at the present progress of these principles, to ask himself whether he is prepared to consent to the immediate dismissal of the society's agents.” In the hope that some of your correspondents will make a similar offer, twenty per cent. will be added to whatever shall be collected within the next three months, by
ONE OF THE SECRETARIES.
On Tuesday, Nov. 6, 1832, a new chapel, with large vestry and school-room, was opened at Hadleigh, in Suffolk, capable of accommodating 1200 persons; when two sermons were preached by the Rev. James Stratten and the Rev. Andrew Reed. The prospect of usefulness under Mr. Raven's ministry is very encouraging, and the liberality of the congregation has been displayed by their undertaking to pay the whole expense, which will be about £3000. No collection was made at the opening.
LONDON HIBERNIAN SOCIETY.
REVIVAL MEETING AT STAINES, MIDDLESEX.
We rejoice to learn, that this invaluable institution continues to prosecute its great and excellent undertaking with indefatigable zeal, and with a considerable measure of the divine countenance. During the last year, it had 1569 day, Sunday, and adult schools, containing 90,085 scholars; and it employed 55 inspectors and Scripture-readers, and circulated 17,943 copies of the Holy Scriptures in the English or Irish languages.
We have been requested to state, that a legacy of £50 (less duty) has been left to the Society, by the late Mr. Edward Dicks, of Stroudwater, Gloucestershire, and that his executor, Mr. Henry Hodges, of Rodborough Butts, desires that it may be acknowledged in our Magazine.
On Thursday, the 15th instant, united meetings for prayer for a revival of religion were held at Staines, Middlesex, in the Independent chapel. The meetings took place at 11, 3, and 6 o'clock. It had been proposed to hold the afternoon meeting in the Baptist chapel, but the number of persons assem bling rendered that arrangementinconvenient. A succession of prayers, with short addresses intervening, were offered up by the ministers present, and the blessing and presence of the Lord seemed to be realized in a very pleasing degree. Though the state of the weather was very unfavourable, several friends to the object assembled from the neighbouring towns, and returned much impressed and delighted with the solemn and awakening services they had attended. Several ministers, both Independent and Baptist, were present, and took part in the services; among whoni were Rev. J.S. Baker, late curate of Staines; Stoughton, of Windsor ; Fuller, of Drayton ; Hall, of Poyle; Schofield, of Chertsey; Atkinson, of Hownslow ; Bailey, of Datchet ; West, of Sudbury; Hawson and Porter, of Staines, &c.
It is fully expected that other meetings of the same character will shortly be held at Windsor, Poyle, &c., which we may confidently hope will be even more delightful and encouraging than this has been.
REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS ON THE SUBJECT OF THE SABBATH.
We particularly recommend to the attention of our readers the Report of the Committee of the House of Commons on the subject of the present state of the observance of the Lord's day. It is a document the evi. dence of which must go far, with any enlightened mind, to show the absolute and immediate necessity of putting down, by law, those shocking outrages upon religion and morality which are now practised, unblushingly, in the very face of day.
FRESH INTELLIGENCE RESPECTING KARLSHULD,
ON THE DANUBE MOSS. We beg very earnestly to solicit the atten. tion of the benevolent and Christian portion of the community, of all religious persuasions, to the following most affecting case. Only twenty-eight pounds have as yet been contributed to the relief of distress the most appalling that can be conceived.
N.B. In the January Magazine for 1833, we shall print a list of contributions, supplied by Dr. J. P. Smith.
Extract of a Letter. “ The distress at Karlshuld is beyond all description, and what it will be in the ensu. ing winter, it is impossible to say. The harvest is entirely destroyed! The moss potatoes,
the chief means of sustenance, have failed; and a famine is at the door. More than one hundred children are without a single article of clothing, and you may enter many huts, where from five to eight naked children are lying in straw, only just holding out their heads. My heart bleeds within me while I only hear of this : what must it be to be an eye-witness of it? Ah ! how many of the rich could spare, without at all missing it, as much as would at once remove all this distress!"
See our former accounts of this case.
Contributions for this object will be re. ceived at the banking-house of Messrs. Han. key, Fenchurch-street; or by Dr. Steinkopf, Savoy, in the Strand; by Dr. Pye Smith, Homerton ; by Dr. Morison, Hans-place, Sloane-street; or by the Rev. John Arundel, Mission-house, Austin-friars, Old Broadstreet.
REV. WILLIAM HOWELS. Early on Lord's-day morning, the 18th of November, died, the Rey. William Howels, the highly-esteemed minister of Long Acre Chapel. He was seized on the preceding Thursday with symptoms of inflammation, which baffled all medical skil). The nature of the attack prevented him from speaking inuch to his friends; but he were repeatedly engaged in earnest prayer for his church and congregation. To his nurse, and one of his medical attendants, who were seen weeping, he said, “You distress me--I am happythere is no guilt upon my conscience--I am in perfect peace.” His last sermon to his people was preached on Lord's-day evening, The Ilth of November, from the last verse of the 87th Psalm “ All my springs are in thee."
Our personal attachment to the deceased was peculiarly strong and tender; and we rejoice to say that we saw enough of his noble and devoted character to be enabled to form our own opinion. He was an Israelite indeed, in whom was no guile ;” and, though an air of eccentricity belonged to his mental constitution, he was one of the warmest friends we ever knew. As a theologian, he was deeply versed in divine things, and his views of the character of God were so enlarged and profound as to stamp a distinct peculiarity on his ministry. He was a native of the Principality, and formerly Curate to the celebrated Mr. Jones, of Langan. He came to London in October, 1811, and was Curate to Mr. Good, of Blackfriars, till the death of that excellent man. In the month of March, 1817, he became minister of Long Acre Chapel; and there it was that his mind
was brought into full play, and that a chas racter of distinguished usefulness began to attach itself to his ministry. The sensation occasioned by the death of this distinguished man is greater than the public in general can have any conception of. "The Chapel-wardens had put up an announcement of his death in the porch of the chapel ; when the congregation began to assemble, many learnt, for the first time, by this notification, that he was gone, and the effect produced can be more easily understood than described. Some, however, had entered the chapel without observing the notice ; and when the officiating minister, in the course of his sermon, alluded to their “ departed minister,” two or three voices were heard exclaiming, “ Is he dead?
is he dead?--is he dead?” and there was then, through the whole congregation, one loud and bitter cry.
We hope soon to present our readers with a full memoir of this extraordinary man.
THE REV. THOMAS HARPER.
We have just received the mournful intel. ligence in time to announce the death of the Rev. Thomas Harper, of Walworth, the respected Secretary of the Board of Congrega. tional Ministers, which took place at his residence, Walworth, on Sunday, Nov. Ilth, in the seventieth year of his age. His remains were deposited in Bunhill Fields' Burying Ground on the 19th of November, when the Rev. T. Russell delivered the address, and the Rev. G. Clayton offered up the prayer.
W e are enabled to present our readers with the address of Mr. Russell, and hope
to give some memoir of Mr. Harper in a future number.
“ There is no topic more common and familiar than that on which I am called to address you on the present occasion. Death meets us every where. We all do fade and fall as the leaves in autumn. We are in stantly passing away from the present state of being; the place that now knoweth us shall shortly know us no more. But really we do not give this subject the consideration which its importance demands. We require to have death in its origin, its nature, and its consequences, more deeply impressed upon all our hearts. Men are too liable to regard it only as an ordinary event in the course of nature, to which we must submit when it ar. rives. They forget that the course of nature is reversed, and that man was originally made to live for ever. They do not reflect that by sin death entered into the world—that death is the wages of sin—that every child of Adam, brought under the dominion of the undistinguishing Destroyer of life, in the article of death, is bearing the impress of the curse of heaven.'
" Death is the separation of our souls and bodies. There is a moment when the close and mysterious union between them is dissolved. Every function of the animal frame ceases. The tongue no longer speaks, the ear no longer hears, the eye no longer gazes, the pulse no longer beats. All is still. We see a motionless, lifeless corpse. Is there now an utter extinction of being ? Has my father, my mother, my sister, my brother, my child, or my friend, ceased to exist for ever? Had I been born in Greece or Rome in the zenith of their splendour, and possessed all the light of nature, by the aids of the most refined philosophy, I should have feared so, or I should have believed so. But, with the New Testament in my hand, I know better I know that it is not so. The poor, wretched, pitiable infidel comes too late now to tell me that the sleep of death is everlasting. It may be his interest that it should be even thus, but it is not mine, and I trust it is not yours. I rejoice in that gospel which has brought life and immortality to light. I feel a celestial glow thrilling my inmost soul, while I hear the voice of the Son of God, 'I am the resurrection and the life ; he that be. lieveth on me, though he were dead, yet shall he live.' I hail the restorer of our fallen race. I believe that, as by man came death, so by man came also the resurrection from the dead, and that, as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. I see Jesus, in the wonderful economy of human redemption, dying for my sins, and raised again for my justification. By believing in him, I am united to him--made the subject and heir of all his promises--the inheritor of his glory. All things are mine, whether the world, or life, or death, or things present, or
things to come ; for I am Christ's, and Christ is God's. • Let not your heart be troubled ; ye believe in God, believe also in me. In my Father's house are many mansions : if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.'
“I exclaim, with triumphant exultation, for myself and my brethren in Christ, Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who, according to his abundant mercy, hath begotten us again unto a lively hope, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, to an inheritance incorrupt. ible, undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for us, who are kept, by the power of God, through faith, unto salvation.' 'O death, where is thy sting ?-0 grave, where is thy victory? The sting of death is sin, and the strength of sin is the law ; but thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory, through our Lord Jesus Christ.'
“We are come to this astonishing recep. tacle of the dead, to inter the remains of a beloved brother in Christ, and a revered minister of the gospel, the Rev. Thomas Harper. Here around us are the tombs or memorials of our Owen, and Bunyan, and Watts, and Lardner, and Neal, and Price, and Hunter, and Simpson, and Townsend, and Waugh, and Orme, and a long list of Christian worthies, which time would fail me to recount. They have served their generation, and their record is on high. Some of them have performed the same office for one another, as that in which we are now engaged for our departed friend. In a little time some of us may be added to the number--how soon God only knows. Let us attempt, for a few moments, so to review, and meditate on, the character, the life, and death of him whom we now commit to the grave, that we, each of us in this assembly-relatives, friends, ministers, spectators-may be better prepared to follow him, and those who have preeeded us, through the valley of the shadow of death, to the judgment-seat of Christ.
"I could say much respecting our brother, for I knew him well and loved him, and he loved me, and that love was strong in death. But I will not trespass farther than I can help on the province of my esteemed and dear friend by my side, who will, next Lord's-day, preach the funeral sermon at his chapel in York-street, Walworth. I will only bear my testimony, in few words, to what I do know, and which it may be useful to this auditory to hear. I affirm, then, that, as a man, he possessed, in an eminent degree, many of the noblest qualities of our nature, and was what a man should emulate to be among his fellow-men. He was above all that is mean, servile, and sycophantic. He had an uneven path to tread, and he trod it