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“My motivo, so far as I know myself, is and the other from the congreganot a desire to be exempt from the inconve- tion at Pudsey. The probabilities niences of secular employment, or an undue regard to the temporal emoluments of the
of usefulness and comfort were of sacred office, but from a sense of the imme- course deliberately weighed by him, diate value of the immortal soul, and from a and after due consideration the baconcern to bo instrumental in the salvation
lance seemed to preponderate in of sinners, and thereby to promote the glory of God."
favour of Pudsey, and accordingly,
in April, 1792, he removed to that And this was not a momentary place. Encouraged by probabiliimpression resembling the morning ties of usefulness he entered on his cloud or the early dew that passeth new charge ; but whatever might away, nor a fitful resolution which be the hopes he entertained they appeared only to be occasionally were never realized. It seems to realized, nor a concern or desire the writer of this article that the created by the solemnities of ordi plan of his ministerial life was denation; it seems to have been the fective. The piety and zeal which constant object of his whole reli- distinguished every part of his gious life. "Usefulness he invaria
public life are worthy of high combly kept in view; for usefulness he mendation, but the dress in which prayed without ceasing. To qua- they were exhibited was not suffilify him for usefulness he stored ciently attractive. Nov. 7th, 1785, his mind with the productions of
he says, Owen, and Baxter, and Edwards,
“Repeated observations are made respectand others. Embracing opportu
ing my sermons. I am accused of speaking nities of usefulness, he went from
too fast, of inaccuracies, mistakes, &c. &c, house to house, testifying to the I mean to learn better, and to take it all people of his charge repentance kindly. I am more concerned about ideas towards God, and faith towards
than the mode of expressing them of the
matter than the manner. Lord, make me our Lord Jesus Christ; and to
wiser !-and grant, I beseech thee, somebecome the means of usefulness he thing of a different strain to comfort me. I visited the beds of the sick and am honoured if useful.” dying, bringing for their relief and
Without trenching, or appearing consolation the balm of sovereign
to trench, on that well-known adage, grace.
Nil nisi bonum de mortuis,* the April 14th, 1789, he says,
writer of this biographical sketch “ In the afternoon visited Lidget, Holm- may, for the sake of his younger house, &c. &c. Talked and prayed with
brethren in the ministry, or those three sick persons; baptized two children ; prayed with two families ; in all visited who have the ministry in view, be iwelve families, and walked six or more permitted to make a remark or two miles. If my services do any good, if my on the subject of the preceding God is pleased, I am abundantly rewarded. Oh, let me not be a drone !” In another
as paragraph. He has disclaimed the
paragraph. he place he employs the following expressions office of panegyrist, but he cannot to indicate his opinion :-“ Nothing in the but be tender over the momory of world is so estimable in my eyes as a sphere his brother and friend. He was of usefulness. How desirable is it for the
his fellow-student: they have run cause of religion to flourish!”
the race of life together: he atNot long after his settlement at
tended his mortal remains to the Keighley his circumstances became
confines of the narrow house, and uncomfortable, and his removal
saw its door closed, in his case, appeared to be an object of desire.
against the evils to which flesh is At this time he received two invi
heir. On reviewing the scenes of tations; one from the church assembling in White Chapel, Leeds; * Say nothing but good of the dead.
his chequered course, his biogra some part of the evil lies at my own door. pher traces its circumstances with
Oh, Father of lights, shoot some rays upon
my dark mind! Show me wherefore thou mournful recollection, and, as every
contendest with me. In all my ways I effect has a cause, is disposed to would acknowledge thee; mercifully. direct ascribe the troubles of his life to a my paths. Thy providence has been very too rigid adherence to his mode
bountiful to me in a succession of years. Oh,
continue to be my guide! On reading over of preparation for public service,
some months of my experience a few years stated in the passage last cited ago, I think I see a declension in my watchfrom his diary. While he dili fulness, disinterestedness, and devotion. Oh, gently and laudably endeavoured my God, revive with increase, all that was to enrich himself with the treasures ever good in me! On, reveal thyselt to me!" which Owen had amassed for the
en In these circumstances he conbenefit of others, he made no effort
tinued experiencing the withering to dress his gigantic forms of thought
ught effects of adversity, and exemplifyin the attire of the present day.
ing the patience which he had He did not study the rhetorician's
learnt in the school of his Master. decorations for the purpose of add.
He struggled with difficulties in his ing beauty to the unpolished mas
endeavours to meet the wants of culine language of his favourite
his family. He embarked in some divine. It is true that the polish
secular speculations, which, howof sentences and the embellish, ever, did not succeed, and the painments of eloquence may be carried fulness of disappointment became to an unwarrantable extreme; but
an addition to the other evils of let him who aspires at usefulness his life.
his life, avoid extremes. The subiect of One of the ministers* of the the present memoir was, at the
Church of Scotland, in a recent commencement of his public ser
publication, laments that “ one vices, not only careless of the ar
third of his brethren, and some of rangement of his matter, but en
them, too, endowed with the finest tirely disregarded cadences of the
talents, and distinguished by the voice and gracefulness of action in highest literary and theological atthe delivery of his discourses, until tainments, to the disgrace of the his manner became habitual, and
age and country, are condemned to proved a drawback upon his accept
the starvings of £150 per annum ;" ableness as a preacher.
and he asks," After defraying Jan. 20, 1802, he gives the sub
the expenses inseparably connected sequent painful account:
with their station, how are they
both to secure food for their fami" Perhaps the waters of trouble, through lies and purchase the publications which I have been lately wading, are deeper requisite for the liberal and effecthan any I was ever in before. I have much
tual prosecution of their studies ?” suspected my call to the work of the ministry. I have indulged thoughts of receding
But what shall we say of the cirhad I an opportunity and a prospect of bread cumstances of Dissenting brethren in another way. My head has been heavy, and in the south, a great majority of my sighs before God numerous. The causes
The causes whom come far short of having of my sorrow are various. The first and most afflictive is a declining congregation ;
£150 a-year secured to them by some respecting whom I hoped well grow Act of Parliament? When Mr. remiss, and soem to lose their regard for reli Laird felt, in his advancing years, gion ; several attend at other places, treating that the infirmities of age were my talents with indifference or contempt; some are dead. Secondly, the temporalities
very sensibly creeping upon him, of the place, its debt continually increasing. he had at one time a disposition to The very extraordinary times of bad trade, resign his pastoral charge, and the heavy taxes, &c., may, in part, account for some of these disagreeable things; but I fear * Dr. W. Hamilton, of Strathblane.
writer of this article was employed the following Sabbath he preached to intercede for him, that he might once. He also preached again on obtain assistance from some of our Feb. 13th, and administered the public charities. Dr. J. Pye Smith, Lord's Supper-which was the last to whom application was made, re- public service in which he was enceived his case with that Christian gaged. After this time he was not sympathy, tenderness, and libera out of his house; but for some days lity which so eminently distinguish he persuaded himself that he was him; and the application no doubt recovering. He had no apprehenwould have been successful, but sion that his departure was so near the perseverance of our departed as it was. His complaint, which friend failed, and his intentions proved to be inflammatory, was were not realised.
not regarded by himself as dangerIn 1792 he married the only ous, till the night before he died. daughter of the Rev. Jonathan He expired early on Sabbath morn-, Toothill, of Hopton. She became ing, Feb. 27th, 1831, departing a a valuable partner amid the evils single day before the completion of of his life, cheered his spirits in his “ threescore years and ten." his disconsolate moments, and with Mr. Hamilton, of Leeds, delithree of their children now survives vered an oration at his grave; and him. His general health had been Mr. Scott, of Cleckheaton, to, a good till within a few weeks of his very crowded congregation, preachdissolution. On Sabbath morning, ed a funeral sermon from Numb. Jan. 30th, he got part of the way to xxiii. 10;-" Let me die the death the chapel, but was obliged, through of the righteous, and let my last severe pain, to return home. On end be like his.”
ON READING THROUGH THE BIBLE ANNUALLY, ESPECIALLY
BY YOUNG PERSONS.
FOR THE NEW YEAR.
Timothy, the Evangelist, appears to have been one of the most exemplary young men of whom we read in the sa. cred volume. Paul, the apostle, by the direction of the inspiring Spirit, honoure ably commends him for his extensive knowledge of the Holy Scriptures. That this was an advantage to him, of no common order, both as a Christian and as a minister of the gospel, every one will perceive and readily acknowledge; and it is clearly evident, that much of the eminence of Timothy's character arose from his early acquaintance with the divine word. Lois, his devout grandmother, and Eunice, his pious mother, had devoted no small portion of their best time and attention to his instruction. They were his excellent preceptors, both by their direct lessons, and by their impressive and engaging example; and how greatly did he profit by their instructions !
Oh, that all mothers and grandmothers
were persons of like shining and attractive piety, such as were those holy women! Then should we have far more of our children well-informed and knowing in the Scriptures, even from their infant years, as was the inestimable privilege of young Timothy.
Every reader of the New Testament has observed with admiration the high commendation given to that amiable young Christian ; and not a few, probably, with a degree of envy at the invaluable attainment by which he was so honourably distinguished. But such a distinction may be possessed, even by those who were not in early life blessed with the pious solicitude, and the diligent persevering instructions of relatives so dear and affectionate, as those who watched over Timothy's improvement. Many have no grandmothers; and not a few, even during infant years, have been deprived by death of their pious mothers. Such losses are truly great, and,
in some respects, irreparable. Still we deemed, even by the busiest, from their are persuaded that many of our young meals, or, by earlier rising, from their friends have been blessed equally with bed. Timothy; and even many orphans, with B ut the benefits resulting from the cussome peculiar advantages which that fa. tom of “ reading through the Bible annuvoured youth never enjoyed. No part of ally,” how many and how great!--espethe New Testament was written at the cially if it be accompanied with a devout time of Timothy's domestic education; dependence on the gracious influence of nor were the Old Testament books so easy the Holy Spirit by whom it was inspired! to be read; not being marked with stops, I. It will be the means of removing and divided into verses, as in our English many false notions from the ignorant translation of the Bible. To read the an- mind. cient Hebrew or Greek writings, there. II. It will enrich the soul with a knowfore, required diligent care and persever- ledge of the wise and righteous dispensaing labour, of which we can form but little tions of God towards mankind. conception. Yet the difficulties were III. It will lead to a delightful perovercome by many, who thirsted after the ception of the harmony of the sacred will of God for their salvation.
Scriptures. How much of the sacred books was IV. It will show the abundant testiread at a time, or in a day, by Timothy, mony of the Old Testament to the chawe have no means of ascertaining; but racter of Christ and the state of his the Jews were accustomed to read through church. the whole of their Scriptures ONCE A V. It will lead to a comprehensive YEAR; and this may easily be accom- view of the covenant of grace in Jesus plished by us, though to their books we Christ. have added twenty-seven more in the New V I., It will show how the patriarchs Testament. About three chapters a day and Hebrews were taught the gospel of will be sufficient for this purpose, and Christ, by promises, sacrifices, and various there are plans for every day's reading pub- typical representations. lished for our direction. “ The Compa- VII. It will lead to habitual contemnion to the Bible,” by the Religious Tract plation of the great doctrines of the gospel. Society, price three shillings, contains the VIII. It will be the means of stability simplest and easiest plan that we have to the mind in the glorious doctrines of seen; but the daily tables given in that salvation. useful work, with various other useful IX. It will be an effectual means of matter, have been published in a little preserving from sin, in act, in word, and beautiful tract, price only three-pence, in temper. admirably adapted to lie, for constant use, X. It will have a positive influence in within the cover of any Bible.
sanctifying the soul. We wish seriously to urge upon our XI. It will be the means of divine conyoung friends the adoption of this plan solation. this year, as the means of their edification XII. It will serve as the best means of and salvation. There is but one objection preparation for usefulness in life, for a which we can conceive, and that is, want triumphant death, and for the heavenly of time; but as it would not require more glory! than about ten minutes a-day, with a very little contrivance, so much might be re
THE EFFECTS OF INFANT SCHOOLS UPON THE SAVAGE MIND. 'The following letter from Dr. Philip, Christian Recorder, which were sent to to our esteemed friend, Mr. Foulger, will you some time ago, you will have learned supply very interesting intelligence to our to a certain extent what we have been readers.
doing to establish schools of that kind in
this colony. My object in the present Cape Town, 29th July, 1831. letter is not to enlarge upon the benefits MY DEAR SIR,From the report of the of the system, on which my sentiments Infant School Society, and the paper in have already been expressed, and which the second number of the South African are too well known in England to require
any comments from me, but to furnish you with a statement of the manner in which I have expended the money contributed by friends in England, through whose means we have been enabled to introduce the system in this colony. Although my subject is merely pounds, shillings, and pence, I shall, for the benefit of those who have not had the opportunity of seeing the report of the Society, or any of the papers on the subject which have been published at the Cape of Good Hope, take the liberty of prefacing my money statements with a short account of the introduction of the schools into this colony, and the extent to which we have been enabled to carry them, with a slight notice of the hindrances in the way of their further extension.
On my return to the colony, early in Oct. 1829, being unable to procure a suitable school-room, Miss Lyndall began her operations with a few children in the Mission Chapel. By the end of the year the number of pupils had increased to sixty. Knowing that the best method of securing for the system the countenance of the public was to exhibit it in its effects, the doors were thrown open, respectable individuals invited to visit the school, and a committee appointed, consisting of the Hon. Justice Burton, Rev. George Hough, Colonial Chaplain, Dr. Adamson, J. E. Tredgold, H. E. Rutherford, H. Ross, J. Nisbet, Esqrs., and my self, whose object was to extend its blessings as widely as possible. In Feb. the number of pupils had increased to ninety, and, under the superintendance of Miss Lyndall, the general aspect of the school was equal to any thing of the kind I had ever witnessed in England. About this time a vessel in Table Bay, for the Swan River, with emigrants, arrived. Among them were two brothers, of the name of Buchannan, sons of Mr. Buchannan, mas ter of the Westminster Infant-school, who, being discouraged by the report they heard of the state of the new settlement, called at my house, and offered to remain at the Cape, provided the Infant-school committee would engage their services. Their terms were agreed to, and the committee immediately made arrangements for the establishment of an additional school.
Before I left England, knowing that one of the chief difficulties in commencing the system in Cape Town would be the expense of house-rent, I applied to my friend Mr. Glassford, the brother-inlaw of Sir George Murray, and requested
him to ask of Sir George the use of the commissariat store-rooms, opposite my dwelling-house, which I thought might be spared for the purpose. The Colonial Secretary in this, as in every other case in which I had to do with him, manifested the most prompt attention to my wishes. He mentioned to his relative that it did not come immediately under his province to grant the request made to him, but that he would instantly apply to the proper authority; and, having succeeded, instructions were immediately sent out to the Governor to that effect. The children were now transferred from the chapel to the government store, and placed under the superintendance of the elder Buchannan, his brother assisting him, where he continues to conduct the establishment to the perfect satisfaction of the committee, the parents, and of every visitor. Another school-room was rented and fitted up in another part of the town for Miss Lyndall, at considerable expense to the committee, in which she continues to fulfil the hopes raised, by the success which attended her exertions among the children now placed under the care of Mr. Buchannan, in what is termed the lower school. The number of children in both schools may amount to about 230, and nothing but the want of funds and of suitable teachers prevent us from extending the benefits of the system to five times that number.
During Mrs. Atkinson's stay in Cape Town, by the opportunities she had of attending to Miss Lyndall's school in its initiatory state, she acquired a sufficient knowledge of the system to begin an infant-school on her arrival at Bethelsdorp. which she did with a very imperfect apparatus, but with great efficiency. On her removal to Algoa Bay, the school devolved upon Mrs. Edwards; but she having since gone to Latakoo, and there being no one to succeed her, it has, I am sorry to say, been discontinued.
At Graham's Town, the chief town in the new English settlement of Albany, the system has been introduced by Mrs. Atkinson, and is now carried on with much success by the younger Buchannan.
In 1829, a part of Caffreland, from which the Caffres were expelled, was given by Government to the Hottentots, at the recommendation of Capt. Stockeultsom, the commissioner-general on the frontiers. who takes a warm interest in the prosperity of this rising colony, and under whose auspices, should he remain in his