the Infant School system with Miss Lyn. dall.

I am happy to inform you that the utmost harmony exists among us. I respect Mr. Sass* as a father. He does what he pleases, and is always willing to assist me. He takes one service out of three on the Lord's-day, and if I am absent he is always ready to supply my place. It is not often, however, that I am from home, unless it is on an extraordinary occasion, or I go occasionally to assist Mr. Monro at Graham's Town.

I hope to have a continued share in your prayers, and of all those who have the welfare of Zion at heart.


BETHELSDORP. Letter of Rev. Adam Rohson, Missionary at

Bethelsdorp, dated February 4, 1832 ; addressed to the Directors.

HONOURED GENTLEMEN, As a vessel is now about to sail from Port Elizabeth to England, I embrace the opportunity of writing to you a few lines. I have recently had a narrow escape from an ac. cident. In returning from Port Elizabeth one Sabbath evening, after service, my horse fell with me, and wounded my side and leg. Providence preserved my life, and I am now recovering from the injury which I sustained. May I be enabled to hear the warning voice, and to double my diligence in that great cause to which, in reliance on divine aid, I have devoted myself.

The state of the institution, as it respects religion, is much the same as it was last year. The establishment of a Temperance Society inspires me with hope that the cause of God will be more extensively promoted at this institution, the adjacent vil lages, and in the neighbourhood. There is one also established at Port Elizabeth. In temperance has hitherto been one of the means whereby Satan has maintained his sway over many, and he will not quit his strong hold without resistance; yet I am confident that, by the divine blessing on persevering and zealous efforts, these Societies will succeed. The attendance on divine service, both during the week and on Sabbath, during this year, has been very good, and the gospel has not been preached entirely in vain. Some careless sinners have been awakened, some backsliders reclaimed, and some, who have given satisfactory evidence of being the re cipients of vital piety, have been received into the bosom of the Christian church. During the past year I have baptized seven

teen children, and eight adults; ten members have been added to our communion, and seventeen couple have been married. It would give me much pleasure to be able, on good grounds, to inform you that all who have made a profession of religion exemplify, in their deportment, the sanctifying tendency of its doctrines, and adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things ; but it grieves me to state, that many are neither so steadfast, zealous, nor humble as they ought to be. Others, however, are to me a source of joy and gratitude, and in Christian intercourse with them I have experienced much comfort. May the Lord increase their number! There is a silent, yet energetic, eloquence in consistency of character. The Sabbath school continues to prosper, and the average attendance is from one hundred and eighty to two hundred. The progress which some adults make, especially those who are under serious impressions, in acquiring the knowledge of letters, is astonishing. One man, the father of ten children, who has not been above a year here, and who knew not the alphabet when he came, is now reading the New Testament.

The day school, which is under the super. intendence of Mr. Head, is in good order, and highly improving. Some of the children, with considerable fluency, can translate the English into Dutch, and the Dutch into English-can write well, and have advanced as far as the rule of three in arithmetic. The average attendance is between one hundred and one hundred and ten.

This has been, on the whole, a favourable year. We have not had such frequent and fine rains in any season since I came to Bethelsdorp, and more ground has been cultivated than I have seen at any former period. The people have had crops of oats and barley; and though the rust has been in the corn, yet they have not entirely failed. The success with which their industry has been crowned has given an impulse to their feelings; and plans are now being formed for rearing, on a more extensive scale, this year on which we have now entered. There has been plenty of grass for the cattle; the oxen are in a good condition, and the cows give plenty of milk, which is a great means of subsistence. Being able to obtain a livelihood at the institution, the people avoid much temptation, and have the opportunity of sending their children to school, of attending the preaching of the gospel, and enjoying the means of grace.

I have much reason to be thankful that Mrs. Robson and my children are quite well. Humbly and earnestly soliciting an interest in your prayers, that the influences of the Holy Spirit may rest on myself and labours,

(Signed) A. ROBSON.

* Mr. Sass, having become infirm, through years, has not the exclusive charge of any department of the mission, but renders such assistance as he is able.Ed.

(Letters Received unavoidably postponed.)



BELLARY. Bellary (or Balhary) is situated in N. Lat. 159.1'., E. Long. 769.55'., and is the capital of the western division of the Balaghaut ceded territories, as already intimated under the article CUDDAPAH.* It stands on a tract of level ground, in the midst of a mountainous country, which conduces much to the salubrity of the climate. The streets of Bellary are wide and regular, running in parallel lines, and crossing each other at right angles. The houses, though built, as is common in the East Indies, with mud, have yet, compared with many other Indian towns, a neat and cleanly appearance. What is called the Coul Bazaar contains a population equal to that of the town of Bellary, composed of a mixed multitude, of whom a considerable proportion are camp-followers, who, being chiefly Malabars, speak the Tamil language. The native population of Bellary speak Canarese. The aggregate population amounts to about 36,000 souls, one fifth of whom are Mohammedans; the rest are Hindoos, or, as they are called here, and in some other parts of the East Indies, Gentoos. The number of Brahmins at Bellary is comparatively small, and they appear to possess less influence, and also less prejudice, than are in general found among their order in many other parts of India.

The Society's mission at Bellary was commenced in 1810 by the Rev. John Hands, whose original destination was Vizagapatam, whither he was prevented from going by obstacles that appeared to be insurmountable; while, on the other hand, he seemed to be providentially directed to Bellary. At this place he met with the most respectful treatment from both the civil and military authorities, and, during the first year of his mission, commenced a stated service for the benefit of the European residents, which was performed on the morning of the Lord's-day. This service was, also, attended by several Indo-Britons. Some of the Brahmins sometimes visited him at his dwelling-house, for the purpose of conversation. The latter, on those occasions, were not unfrequently constrained to admit the superiority of the Christian doctrine to the tenets of their own superstition ; while they inflexibly, though vainly, maintained thať an irresistible fate discharges mankind from moral responsibility. The common people, also, were willing to listen to the message of the missionary, and manifested a disposition to admit the folly of idolatry, but none to abandon it.

Native Services, &c. For several years the missionaries t employed every means in their power to impart the knowledge of Christianity to the natives at and in the country around the station, by conversing with and addressing them on the subject, in the vicinity of their temples, at their annual and other festivals, in the bazaars and other places of general resort, and by distributing among them tracts in the different vernacular languages; but it was not till 1815 that they were able to report that many among the people had acknowledged the excellence of the Gospel, and manifested a desire to know more of it. It was at this period that a spirit of inquiry was excited, and that the prospects of the mission began considerably to brighten. Beside the residents in Bellary, who were desirous of receiving Christian instruction, many from the surrounding country visited the brethren at the Mission-house, to inquire concerning the “new way;" among whom were some who appeared to be under the influence of decided religious impressions. In 1817. Mr. William Reeve joined the mission. The spirit of inquiry increasing more and more, a suitable place, situated in the road leading from the town to the Coul Bazaar, was in that year purchased for the accommodation of those natives who were desirous to converse with the missionaries. During the same period, Auxiliary Missionary

* Vide page 166.
† Mr. Joseph Taylor, now missionary at Belgaum, joined Mr. Hands in 1813.

and Tract Societies, and a Reading Society, were established. In 1818 an Auxiliary Bible Society was added. In 1820 three stated native services were commenced, by which, and other means, much Christian knowledge was widely diffused among the people, several of whom afforded satisfactory evidence of the influence of divine truth on their hearts. In this year a printing-office was erected for the use of the mission. Mr. Joseph Taylor having, in 1820, removed to Belgaum, Mr. William Howell, who now labours at Cud. dapah, joined the brethren at Bellary. The native services were in that year increased to five, all of them being well attended, and by many regular hearers. In the month of November of the same year, two Hindoos (a father and his daughter), the first-fruits of the Bellary mission, were baptized. In 1821, the late Mr. H. Chambers* joined the mission. In 1824 the number of native converts was increased to six, while others, beside acknowledging the sin and folly of idolatry, ceased, in part, to observe its rites and ceremonies. In 1825, in which year Mr. William Beynont joined the mission, the number was increased to seven, and in 1827 to nine, of whom one afterwards relapsed. In the latter year the number of native services was increased to six, and the Tamil congregation greatly enlarged by the accession of several families who had been led to renounce the communion of the Romish church, solely in consequence of reading the Scriptures. In 1828 the native services were increased to seven ; and eleven native converts, of whom some had formerly belonged to the native mission-church at Bangalore, were, in the same year, received into communion with the native church at Bellary, making the total number of its members eighteen. In 1829 they were increased to twenty-two. This number varied, in the following years, by the addition, on the one hand, of six members, and the loss, on the other, of nine (five by death, and four in consequence of the exercise of church-discipline), so that, according to the last return from the station, the number of members in the native church was nineteen, all of whom afforded credible evidence of the sincerity of their Christian profession.

Native Schools, &c. In 1812 a school for native children was commenced, and a school-room erected for their accommodation. In 1816 three more native schools were established; in 1817 the number was increased to seven ; in 1818, to eleven ; in 1819, to fourteen; in 1820, to fifteen; and in 1821, to sixteen. Between the years 1821 and 1826, the number of native schools fluctuated between fourteen and seventeen, and in the latter year advanced to twenty. From the commencement of the schools in 1812 to 1826, the number of scholars under instruction (of whom, in most of the schools, a small proportion were girls) gradually increased from 50, which was the first number returned, to 864, which is the highest to which they have attained. During this period much Christian and useful general knowledge was dissemi. nated in Bellary, and throughout a tract of country surrounding it, embracing a circuit of nearly twenty miles.

In consequence of the advised relinquishment of the more remotely-situated schools, and the increase of private and free schools established at Bellary, the number of the native schools belonging to the Society's mission has been latterly reduced to twelve, and that of the scholars to between 300 and 400. In the remaining schools a great improvement has been effected, particularly in regard to the fitness of the masters, and the efficiency of the superintendence, which, it is hoped, will add greatly to their practical utility. , The languages taught in the schools are chiefly Canarese and Tamil, and from their commencement they have been decidedly Christian schools. In 1819 a Sabbath school, and a school for adults, were established.

Mr. Hands, soon after his arrival at Bellary, encouraged by the British residents there, established a Charity-School, which has been ever since liberally supported by voluntary

* After about eighteen months, Mr. C., on account of ill health, removed to Bangalore.

+ Now at Belgaum. ..

contributions on the spot, and has afforded the means of education to several hundred boys and girls belonging to Indo-Britons, &c. Mr. George Walton, who was for many years usefully employed, as superintendent of native schools, in connexion with the mission at Bellary, and is now one of the missionaries at that station, received his early education in this school.

Translation of the Scriptures, &c. In 1812 Mr. Hands commenced a translation of the Scriptures into Canarese, which is the vernacular language of that part of India. In 1814, the Gospels by Matthew and Luke, and in 1817, those by Mark and John, were translated ; also the Epistle to the Ephesians. In 1818 several of the other epistles, the Acts of the Apostles, and the Book of Revelation, and various portions of the Old Testament, were in progress. In 1819 and 1820 the translation of the remainder of the New, and the whole of the Old, Testament were completed, and the Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles printed. During several following years, from various unexpected and unavoidable occurrences, the revision of the work proceeded slowly, and was not finished till September, 1826. Shortly after this event Mr. B. H. Paine took charge of the printing-office. In 1828 the following books of the Old and New Testament were printed : of Genesis, 1500 copies ; of Exodus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, 1000 copies each ; and of the Psalms and Daniel, 2000 each ;-in 1829, of the books of Leviticus, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, Proverbs, and Isaiah, 1000 copies each ;-in 1830, of 1st and 2nd books of Samuel, 1000 each ; of the two books, both of the Kings and of the Chronicles, 2000 each ; and of the Epistle to the Romans, and the two Epistles to the Corinthians, 1000 each ;-in 1831, of the books of Esther, Nehemiah, Ezra, Job, Song of Solomon, Ecclesiastes, and Lamentations, 1000 each ; and of the Epistles to the Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, two Epistles to Thessalonians, two to Timothy, Epistles to Titus and Philemon, Epistle to the Hebrews, and the Epistle of James, three Epistles of John, and that of Jude, and the book of Revelation, 1000 copies each.

Since the completion of this important work, the attention of the missionaries at this station has been more exclusively devoted to direct labours for communicating the Gospel to the heathen. In January, 1830, Mr. John Reid joined the mission.

Distribution of Scriptures, Tracts, &c. The distribution of religious tracts, in various languages, by the missionaries at Bellary, has been very great, amounting to between 200,000 and 300,000. The mission-press, which is under the direction of Mr. Paine, has rendered most valuable services in furnishing the means of promoting this object. The tracts have been extensively circulated, and, generally speaking, much and attentively read. Many thousands have been, from time to time, dispersed far and wide, by means of the people who assemble together at the celebration of the Hindoo festivals ; by the Ryots, who periodically go up to Bellary, from all the surrounding country, to pay their rents; by the brethren, during their missionary preaching tours, and on occasion of the monthly inspecting visits to the country schools ; besides those given away to persons at Bellary, the public roads, and to strangers visiting Bellary, who call at the Mission-house. Much Christian light has been, by this means, diffused among the people of Bellary and the inhabitants of the surrounding country, and much individual benefit received. Several officers in the army, by the perusal of the books and tracts of the mission, have been brought thereby to a saving acquaintance with divine truth. Besides the religious tracts, and larger treatises of the same general tendency, numerous copies of the Scriptures, and portions of the same, have been also distributed, and, there is reason to believe, with very beneficial effect.

English Services. The English services, instituted for the benefit of the European residents, and such of the military as were desirous of attending, and could attend, have been statedly kept up from the

commencement of the mission, and much good has resulted from these ministrations. In 1812, as many as twenty of the soldiers, then stationed at Bellary, received the truth in the love of it. On the 27th of June in that year, a Christian church, composed of Europeans, was formed, in connexion with the mission, on which occasion twenty-seven persons were united in the fellowship of the Gospel. In 1816, twenty-nine; and in 1817, twenty-seven were added to the church, from among the military. In 1818 it lost three of its members, each of them by a happy death ; and in the following year the greatest part of the remainder, by the departure for England of the 84th Regiment, which had been for many years stationed at Bellary. Many of the vacancies thereby occasioned were shortly afterwards filled up. In 1822 the missionaries announced to the Directors, that at this station “many of rank and influence felt the power of the Gospel of Christ on their hearts, and manifested it by their exemplary deportment and benevolent exertions for the benefit of others." In October, 1824, a new chapel, built at the expense of friends to missions resident in India, was opened, the former having been incapable of accommodating the increased European congregation. During the subsequent years both the church and congregation have varied, as to number, in consequence of the changes to which military cantonments are unavoidably exposed. According to the latest accounts, the former contained eighteen members, while the congregation fluctuated between 300 and 500, and the attendance in the fort between 400 and 500,

The brethren at this important station, deeply impressed with the intimate connexion subsisting between exalted personal piety, on the part of the missionary, and the efficiency of his labours, are earnestly desirous that the members of the Society generally, when supplicating for blessings on the mission, of which a very brief sketch has been just given, would be importunate in prayer on their behalf, that through the Spirit of grace they may be kept free from the effects of surrounding temptations - that their Christian principles may be strengthened—that they may be adorned with all those evangelical graces which so greatly add to the efficacy of Christian example, and that they may be enabled to walk in all the commandments of the Lord blameless-being conscious that, in proportion as they are conformed to the likeness of their Divine Master, and tread in his steps, will be the probability that their own prayers for the mission will be answered, and their own labours for its advancement crowned with success.

Austin Friars, 22 August, 1832.


• DEPARTURE OF MISSIONARIES. · On Sunday, July 22nd, sailed from Portsmouth, on board the Duke of Northumberland, Captain Pope, Mr, and Mrs. Mundy, for Bengal. Mr. Mundy's health has been greatly improved by his visit to his native land, and he has gone forth, accompanied by the prayers of numerous friends, to resume his important labours at Calcutta,

BIRMINGHAM The Anniversary services of the Warwickshire and Staffordshire Auxiliary will be held, by divine permission, at Birmingham, on Tuesday 11th, and Wednesday 12th, of Sep. tember: The Rev. H. F. Burder, D.D., of London, Rev. John Brown, of Cheltenham, and the Rev. David Jones, missionary from Madagascar, are expected.

On Wednesday, August 1st, Mr. and Mrs. Swan embarked at Leith, on the ship Barossa, Captain Sinclair, for St. Petersburgh, on their way to Siberią. Much interest has been felt in their mission in Scotland, as well as in this country; and on Monday evening previous to their embarkation, a special prayer-meeting was held at Rev. Mr. Cullin's chapel, Leith, on their behalf, when they were affectionately commended to the divine blessing and protection,

BRISTOL The services of the twentieth Anniversary of the Bristol Auxiliary Missionary Society will commence on the 16th September, and be continued on the following days. The Rev. Messrs. Hamilton, of Leeds, Alexander Fletcher, of London, and other ministers, are engaged.

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