FOURTEEN REASONS Why Dissenters should not submit to have their Marriages celebrated at the Altars of

Consecrated Buildings, before Clergymen belonging to a Church to which they cannot conscientiously conform. is

1. BECAUSE the marriage-contract being, States of North America, universally posat least so far as it properly falls under sess that privilege. ' the cognizance of the legislator, à com- 7. Because it imposes an unjust and mon, in distinction from a religious en- oppressive tax on Protestant Dissenters, gagement, should be regarded by the law by compelling them to remunerate the merely as a civil transaction.

clergy of the Endowed Church, for ser2. Because no sacred right having vices which might be more advantageously been, by divine appointment, appended to performed by ministers or magistrates of matrimony, any solemn form of celebra their own selection, who would cheerfully tion which in effect converts this contract give thein, on so interesting an occasion, into a religious ceremony, savours strongly their unbought blessing, or gratuitous of superstition, and gives countenance to services. the erroneous doctrine of the Romish 8. Because the marriage service preChurch, that marriage is a sacrament. scribed by the Book of Coinmon Prayer

3. Because the imposition of a specific was notoriously borrowed from the ritual form of religious service, on any class of of the Romish church, and is founded on Nonconformists, on this or any other oc- the assumption of a tenet peculiar to that casion, is a flagrant violation of the most church, viz. that matrimony having been sacred right of every human being, to consecrated by divine authority, to be a worship God according to the dictates of sacred sign, or mystical emblem, is an his own conscience.

affair of ecclesiastical cognizance, belong4. Because the outward observance of ing exclusively to the province of a priestany religious service, in virtue of a com- hood connected with an episcopal hiermand emanating merely from humanarchy. ;. authority,* involves a person in the guilt 9. Because many persons feel consciof treating the only object of all true entious objections to a forin of words worship with mockery'; and must, even which one of the parties is invariably though performed in extenuating circum required to repeat:-“ With this ring 1 stances, be displeasing in the sight of Him thee wed, with my body 1 thee worship, who “searcheth the heart,”ť and who, and with all my worldly goods I thee enbeing a Spirit, can be worshipped only dow; IN THE NAME OF THE FATHER, AND “ in spirit and in truth.”

OF THE SON, AND OF THE Holy Ghost:"" 5. Because such compliance, on the -the former or declaratory part of these part of Dissenters, tends to neutralize and words containing expressions, the meannullify that open testimony which they ing of which, in the judgment of persons consider it their duty to bear in the face learned in the law, is highly equivocal; of obloquy and reproach against the errors while their combination with the solemn and corruptions of the Endowed Church, formula introduced at the conclusion, by declining to join in its communion, renders the lawfulness of the whole exand habitually absenting themselves from tremely doubtful. its ordinary services.

. 10. Because the repeal of this intole

10. Ben 6. Because the present state of the Eng- rant law will wipe off one reproach which lish Marriage Law casts an unjust reflec. has long attached to the great body of tion, and fixes an unmerited stigma, on Dissenters, who are justly chargeable with the Protestant Dissenting ministers of having made a pusillanimous compromise England, who are thereby treated as of the rights of conscience as well as a unfit to be trusted with the celebration of lamentable defection from that" zealous marriage; while their brethren in Scot- regard of the purity of divine worship, land, Ireland, the the British colonies, and the honour of the divine name, for and Christian ministers of all varieties of which their Puritan forefathers were emisect and denomination in the United nently distinguished.

11. Because the Society of Friends, so • John v. 41. . + 1 Chron. xxviii. I. long since as the year 1763, in conseJohn iv. 24.i

quence of their previous uniformly con

accomplishment of parliamentary reform, the orthodox Dissenters will be utterly inexcusable, if, when a new House of Commons is to be freely elected, they longer hesitate to take such steps as may be necessary to secure the speedy passing of a decisive and effectual measure of redress for a grievance which, having long been oppressive and vexatious, has now become intolerable.

sistent refusal of compliance, procured a recognition of the validity of their marriages, in the very act which compelled all other Dissenters to conform to the ceremony of the Endowed Church.

12. Because the spirit and character of the present times imperatively demand that the more numerous and influential denominations of Protestant Dissenters should no longer exhibit to their fellow countrymen that egregious lack of proper feeling and becoming energy which their past conduct has betrayed.

13. Because the limited class of Dissenters called Unitarians, upon whom this law certainly presses with aggravated weight, having during several successive parliaments brought the subject before the legislature, it has already undergone full discussion in both houses, where the principle has been universally conceded, on which an efficient measure of general relief may be founded.

13. Because the way having been thus prepared by others, and the only obstacle which impeded the successful prosecution of the object being removed by the recent

At a meeting of the Committee of the Congregational Union of England and Wales, held at the Congregational Library, July 9th, 1832, it was resolved,

“ That as a new Parliament is about to be elected, it is, in the opinion of this Committee, the duty of the dissenting body to connect with their exercise of the elective franchise an effort to secure the support of their future representatives to a measure for such an alteration in the law relating to marriage, as will save the Dissenters from being compelled to worship contrary to their consciences at the altar of the church of England. (See the Patriot of July 18, 1832.)


MR. EDITOR,—A paragraph having appeared in the Morning Herald, “That all the proprietory chapels in the parish of St. Marylebone are to be rated for the poor, &c., and a proposal to the same effect having been made in the vestry of St. Pancras respecting Tottenham Court Chapel (but was postponed at present), I beg to suggest to the friends of truth and benevolence the propriety of obtaining from all candidates that may apply for their suffrages a pledge that they will

support a bill in parliament to exempt all places of public worship, charity-schools, and institutions of a purely benevolent nature, from the payment of rates and taxes of every kind. It is not needful to occupy your pages with the reasonableness and propriety of this, which must at once appear to every unprejudiced mind.

I am, Sir,

- Yours, &c. . Kentish Town.

J. H. Mann.

THE BOOK OF ENOCH. . (To the Editor of the Evangelical Magazine.) SIR,—A friend having put into my 1828, this translation was withdrawn from hands your Magazine for the present circulation, and every copy was bought up month, I am induced to trouble you with with the utmost avidity. The cause of a few observations, which seemed called this suppression is not certain; but it is for by a notice respecting the “ Book of thought that some short-sighted persons Enoch” which appears in that number. had impressed the translator with an idea

After mentioning the English trans- that if the Book of Enoch became well lation of Enoch by Rev. Dr. Lawrence in known, the opponents of Christianity terms of commendation, the writer of the might make use of it for building an article proceeds to say, that" About the year argument against the authority of Jude,

who could quote from such a book, &e. I, therefore, give this short notice of this curious book, in order that it may take the attention of the readers of this Magazine to a subject worthy of further enquiry: and I should strongly recommend the work to be republished, if a copy can any where be found.”

Now, Sir, I think you will be gratified to learn, and to inform the generality of your readers, that the foregoing observations are founded wholly on mistake. Dr. Lawrence is not a man likely to have any such short-sightedness or timidity as is imputed to him by the writer of that article. The translation was not with drawn, and no single copy was ever bought up with a view to its suppression. It is indeed true that for some years past no copy has been for sale ; but this has arisen wholly from the demands of the public having completely absorbed the impression. Dr. Lawrence, now Archbishop of Cashel, was apprized of this, and was requested to permit a re-impression of the work; but the more important active duties of his station did not allow him time sufficient to pay due attention to the request. These solicitations, how.

ever, becoming more numerous and pressing, the archbishop has at length revised and corrected his work; the University of Oxford has undertaken its publication; and at this moment four sheets of the revised and enlarged edition are actually printed under my superintendence, and the whole work may be expected in a month or six weeks hence.

As to the writer's suggestion “to any person who might procure a copy, to reprint it," on a minute's reflection you will perceive, first, that this could not be done without a positive violation of the laws of property; and, secondly, that in such case, the public would merely have an unauthorised publication thrown amongst them, and less correct than that which they were likely to receive from the legitimate quarter, the translator and illustrator of the work. This suggestion of R. M. Beverley, therefore, had better have been omitted.

I have the honour to be, Sir,
. Your obedient servant,

HENRY COTTON. Christ Church, Oxford,

August 13, 1832.

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Oh! tremble not, ye friends of freedom's cause,
Though freedom's march a moment seem to pause,
And heavier woes and deeper shame awhile
Invest the forms of manhood in yon isle,
· And Afric's sons, like sons of men no more,

Their brute-like service render as before !
Have ye not heard, when forest tree-tops shake,
That then their roots a firmer holding take ?
Nor heard that, when the ocean is at rest,
While heaven is mirrored on its smiling breast,
That then the spirit of the storm is nigh,
And mingling perils marshall in the sky?

Though droops again the negro's head,
Strength through his kindling veins is shed ,

The longing to be free;
Though passionless he clanks his chain,
Nor seems to count its mark a stain,

Or care for liberty-
"Tis but that manhood, pent to-day,
May gather strength to burst away,

No more enslaved to be !

Oh! tremble not, ye friends of holy men,
Though scorn abides them now, and deep disdain,
Though misconceived their self-denying love,
Home, comforts left--false tongues against them move,

And, shepherds spoiled in hatred's vengeful war,
Their flocks dispersed, they wander wide and far:
Have ye not heard, where Ætna's lavas flow,
That there more rich the teeming vineyards grow?
Nor heard, when bursts o'er Egypt's plain the Nile,
That then the waste is soon ordained to smile,
And, more enriched the late invaded soil,
Bright fruits arise, por ask the aid of toil?

Though scorned, disgraced-the scoff, the cry
Of hate, and spite, and mockery,

'Tis with the righteous well!
Though now, perforce, they hide, they fly,
Their labour lost to human eye,

The harvest soon shall swell,
And sowers glad with reapers share
A mutual joy, while songs declare

Dissolved the tyrant's spell !
Oh! tremble not, ye friends of truth, though now
Unblushing falsehood bare its brazen brow,
And, heard no more the gospel's hallowed theme,
To kill its heralds righteous service seem ;
And where, till late, was preach'd Christ's sacrifice,
The preacher's blood as fit oblation rise!
Have ye not heard of plants that, trampled, grow,
And, trodden, most their healing virtues show!
Nor heard of chords that yield their sweetest tone,
Not gently touched, but to the wind's wild moan,
Their purest notes, their softest music borne,
When day's departing sigh invites to mourn?

Though spurned “the wisdom of the just,"
Truth lies uprooted in the dust,

'Tis not so long to be :
Though strong appear its deadly foes,
And weak its friends, and come its close,

Its rise is heaven's decree :
And soon, revived, shall raise its head,
While Afric's sons, beneath it spread,

Sing—Afric's sons are free !


E. S.


C. Raity. By T. ADKINS, Southampton.

Westley and Davis.
This brief account of a young lady who
was a member of the church assembling at
the chapel, Above Bar, Southampton, is
affectionately dedicated to the young persons
of the congregation by their pastor. It is a
judicious sketch of the life, last illness, and
death, of one who was taken away from an
endeared cirele of friends, from interesting
prospects in life, and from the communion of
the saints on earth, to join the assembly of
the church in heaven, in her nineteenth year.
She dated the formation of her religious cha-
racter from the privileges she enjoyed under
the ministry of the Rev. T. Adkins for two or
three years previously to her decease. Placed
in circumstances in which there is often too
much that is flattering to the human heart,

and fascinating to the imagination of youth, to admit of that separation from the world and its pleasures which evangelical Christi. anity demands, she was happy in having parents who wisely encouraged her in the course she was enabled to adopt ; and the grace of God strengthened her to make that choice of which she never repented, and of which she now enjoys the fruition in a nobler state of being.

This well-written and affectionate tribute to departed and youthful excellence is particularly calculated to be useful to those young persons in genteel life who are seeking for happiness without decided religion. In the delineation of Miss Raitt's character, previously to her becoming a disciple of the Saviour, many may recognize their own condition. Amiable, elegant, moving in a superior sphere of society, and the idol of her friends, she was still only " not far from the

kingdom of God;" she was, however, as much excluded from its privileges as those who are at the greatest distance. When, however, she came under that divine influe ence, which alone can add the last finish to the human character, by imbuing it with the humility and spirituality of the gospel, she found that satisfaction which the world in vain promises, and which it cannot give.

The commencement of the Christian cha. racter, and the internal workings of Christian experience, are thus pleasingly exhibited in a letter which Miss R. wrote about this time to one of her friends :

10. I do not,' she writes, feel that unre. served love to my Saviour that I could wish; my heart seems very, very cold. I try to rouse it by thinking of his great love to my soul, and of all that he has done for me. Do tell Henrietta why it is thus, and pray for her, that she may not grow cold in the service of her best friend. What a vile heart is this!

-will it ever be fit to join the family above ? Why does it thus linger on the road that leads to eternal life? Can the world give that enjoy. ment and peace which it has felt at a throne of grace ? Oh, no, it cannot! I know it cannot! And must I pass through all this coldness of affection and hardness of heart, ere I reach my heavenly home? It seems to be almost impossible that Christ should love me, when he meets with so poor a return; for what would be all my love when compared with his? And it grieves me still more when I think, that had an earthly friend done for my soul what Christ has done, I fear that I should feel to such an one more love and gratitude than is in this heart towards my Saviour. How is it he bears with me so long? Can I be a child of God ? is a ques. tion I often ask myself ; but I think if I were not, these things would not be so often in my mind. I have given myself to God in pri. vate and in public, and having put my hand to the plough, oh, forbid it that I should look back!' But what love, what joy will there be in eternity! 'Tis worth meeting with all these trials by the way, if at last we gain that home, where my heart will no more sigh that it is so cold.”

The simplicity of mind and beauty of character possessed by this young convert to our holy faith is further instructively evinced in the following extract:

“ With what feelings and motivos she approached to the table of the Lord may be gathered from the following short extracts, addressed to her pastor on this occasion. “My reasons for wishing to join a Christian church are, that I think it my duty to show to those around that I have chosen Christ as my portion in preference to the world to comply with His injunction, who has said, 6This do in remembrance of me;" there to commemorate his sufferings ; there to view

his love to man, and to feel my love to him increased, and my faith in him strengthened ; there to feel a greater hatred to sin, as the cause of his sufferings and death, and to have my fellowship with his people renewed.' • And it is my earnest prayer that I may love God more and more; may more closely follow the example of my Saviour in his humility and obedience; and feel more the influence of the Holy Spirit in teaching and guiding me. That life, which was once devoted to the world and its vanities, I would now devote to God.""

It was in April, 1831, that the first symp. toms of that fatal disorder made their appear. ance which takes off so many of the young and the beautiful, just when the most interesting scenes are opening to their view. Many of the fairest fowers of humanity are no sooner blown than blasted” by the deadly breath of consumption! This was the case with the subject of the present memoir. She, however, appeared to recover very considerably from the first attack, when she was, in July of the same year, again un. expectedly afflicted with a second hæmor. rhage from the lungs.

Her state of mind during her last illness may be seen from the following short state. ment among others that are recorded :

“After the last hæmorrhage she said, "My dear Miss G. will you give my affectionate love to my beloved parents, and request them not to grieve for me, for I am only going home; tell them, I am so happy! I long to be gone, though willing to wait the Lord's time! Tell them, further, that Jesus is very precious to me, and I am passing to a state where I shall have done with sorrow, pain, and death. I am going to pass through the valley of the shadow of death, but I do not fear, for Jesus will be with me there ;-tell them I cannot come to them, but I hope they will come to me. Do not weep,' said she to me; we have loved each other on earth, and we shall love each other in heaven. I am going home a little before you, and I am sure that you, who have been so affectionate and kind to me, cannot wish to detain me from perfect happiness.'

Her end was peace, and her last words were" What am I waiting for? death! no, life !-eternal life! I shall lie down in green pastures ; I shall be led by the still waters; I shall walk the golden streets with Jesus, where they need no candle, neither light of the sun, for the Lord God and the Lamb are the light thereof. Am I dying ? it is like going to sleep!”

“ Thus, in her nineteenth year, died the lovely Henrietta Charlotte Raitt, affording, at once, a touching illustration of the vanity of human life, and a glorious monument of the supporting power of the gospel. Her mortal remains, according to her expressed

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