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tremendous, that no person, unacquainted water-course is alinost entirely destroyed. It with African rivers, can possibly form an was in this part where, with immense labour, idea of it, bringing down bush-wood, large the greatest depth of soil was cut through in trees, and logs from the neighbouring forest. making it; the high bank on the side of the Fearing the river might rise to an unusual river has, in many places, for a considerable height during the night, so as to endanger distance, been taken away, and deep excaour dwellings, we consulted upon the neces. vations formed; other parts are entirely filled sity of keeping watch ; but while speaking it up with sand. To prevent the devastating swelled so suddenly as to convince us we effects of similar floods, it appears to us must immediately remove our goods. A necessary to make an entire new cut for the number of people, men and women, came whole of the above-mentioned distance. The running down to our assistance; but before upper wooden gutters, which extended above any thing could be taken away the water two hundred yards along a precipice, have had surrounded the houses. In half an hour been carried down by the torrent; some of we succeeded in carrying out the greatest which have been seen on the sea-shore, part, and having placed the rest in a situa others in pieces on the banks of the river; tion where we supposed they would not get few, probably, will be fit for use again. wet, we waded through the water, knee deep, The artificial bank, which had been raised to to the chapel, the roof of which is in such a support the wood-work, has also been partly state that we found it difficult to find a dry washed down, and about sixty yards of the place in it. As the river continued to swell water-course below this part, where the side we were obliged to keep watch at night, of the hill on which it is made is precipitous, during which time it rose twenty inches is also so materially injured that a fresh cut above the floor in some of the rooms of the higher up will be necessary, which can only mission-houses, and came within twelve paces be effected with considerable difficulty and of our temporary abode, but rapidly returned labour. Many other places along the waterto its natural course before morning. We
course will need considerable repair. From are indebted to a kind Providence, that this what we have seen we are convinced that no unpleasant event did not happen in the dead wood-work, however well secured, will be of the night, when the consequences might able to stand against these periodical torhave been most serious.
rents, these gutters having been displaced We regret to say that those houses which once, and carried away twice, within the last were originally only intended as temporary
five months. We are of opinion that iron habitations have received serious injury. pipes, to convey the water along the preciThe foundations have been completely sapped,
pice, are absolutely necessary to secure a and in one part the wall has given way, and constant and uninterrupted supply for the we fear the first high wind or rain will bring station for the purpose of irrigation. Were it down. We need not say, the other parts, some of our friends of missions in Engfrom their wetness, cannot at present be oc land, connected with iron foundries, fully cupied without endangering our health. It acquainted with the vast importance and appears to us that it would be a loss of money absolute necessity of irrigation, not only in and labour to put these buildings in repair, raising corn and vegetables for the instituas well from the slight manner in which they tion, but for general agricultural purposes, were built, as from the constant danger they by which the improvement of its inhabitants are in of being inundated. We, therefore, in civil life is promoted, and a constant atstrongly urge you to take into immediate tendance of themselves and children on reliconsideration the propriety of erecting new gious instruction rendered practicable, we dwelling-houses in a more eligible situation. have no doubt they would present the Society We have further to state, that our gardens with the number that would be required, or, have been almost laid waste; thirty fruit. at least, render some assistance toward this trees have been more or less injured. One desired object. of the largest apricot trees we ever recollect Considering the immense labour and exto have seen in the colony, has been entirely pense which would be required from the rooted up and carried away; some others, of Hottentots to put the water-course in a state considerable size, have also been borne down to bring down the water again for the use of by the torrent. Of twenty of the people's the institution, and also that the period for gardens along the river, and twelve on the paying their taxes is at hand, we submit corn-lands, planted after the corn was reaped, whether, on the present occasion, the friends some are destroyed, and others partially da of missions within the colony, or in England, maged.
ought not to be solicited to render some To us the most painful circumstance, con- pecuniary aid. nected with this trying occurrence, is the
(Signed) present state of the water-course. Upon
John MELVILL. examination, we have found that the sluice has been carried away. From the spot where it stood, for about twelve hundred yards, the
Some further particulars of the calamity are contained in the following :Extracts of a Letter from a Gentleman resident
in the Colony, to Rev. Dr, Philip, dated Per. severance, March 23, 1832, containing par. ticulars of some of the Missionary stations within the colony of the Cape of Good Hope.
DEAR REVEREND SIR, I have had a long but by no means a tedious journey, and have spent delightful days at the several institutions along the road, by managing so that I arrived always on the Saturday, and spent there the Sabbath and Monday. My first stop was at Genadendaal,* which I found wonderfully improved, and of which I shall say more in my next letter.
Caledon Institution. I then came to Caledon Institution, where I was most agreeably surprised to find the state of the people far above my conception. I had been afraid that the length of time that they had been deprived of a missionary would have brought them to a very backward state,
ought them to a very backward state, but I found a set of people whose appearance spoke immediately in their favour, and attentive and devout as I have found the people generally at the institutions, that of Caledon excels. My wonder ceased, however, when I heard the impressive addresses from Mr. Helm, and witnessed his zealous and judicious missionary labours. The temporal concerns of the people are, however, not so good as I should wish, and they are in want of some assistance, which my next letter will explain to you.
Pacaltsdorp I was also much delighted with. The church is built with better taste, and in a chaster style, than any I know in the colony. The people had suffered dreadfully last year from the severe drought, but they have cul tivated a great deal of land this year, and have had good crops. More of this station also in my next, as I must occupy the rest
, as I must occupy the rest of the present letter about Hankey, where I came to see a most melancholy sight, but witnessed also a spirit of Christian resignation and persevering industry, that reflects great honour on the people.
Destructive Tempest at Hankey. I found the house of the missionaries (in which the water had been several feet high) still quite wet, and, if the doors and windows were shut, a sickly agueish smell, and
feverish sensations, which put one in mind of the mal-aria of the Pontine marshes. The weather was excessively hot and sultry, which made it more noxious. Mr. and Mrs. Kitchingman, as well as Mr. Melvill, I was sorry to obserye, showed evident symptoms of having been affected by it, so that I urged them strongly to sleep in their waggon, which they had done for some time, but discontinued, on account of the great trouble it creates, and as this is the season of thunder-storms and sudden changes in the weather. The house, particularly the walls and the foundation, has been so much damaged, that it would be throwing money away if the attempt to repair it was made. The gardens, as well of the missionaries as of the people, have also suffered much ; not only part of the crops, but entire fruit-trees have been washed away, and carried down the stream to the sea. On Monday, I went with Mr. Kitchingman along the water-course, the greater part of which is much damaged, and in some places so entirely destroyed that every trace of it is swept away. All the wooden gutters are carried off, some of them to the sea, and on one spot large blocks of rocks, on which some gutters had rested, had tumbled down in the river, while, on several others, the water-sloat had been changed into what is called a Zee koi gat-that is to say, large irregular holes of immense depth. I confess that when I contemplated the present destruction, and that a similar one may occur again, I would not have undertaken the repair of it, had it been on a farm belonging to me. During these considerations, however, I arrived at the spot where the water had been led out, and found about forty men cheerfully at work, and that they had made already some progress, in cutting a new sloat through the bank, to the depth of nearly twenty feet; and, from the spirit with which they are animated, I have no doubt that they will succeed. At the same time, we must bear in mind that this calamitous visitation took place at a period when the people were in the most favourable circumstances for its reception. They had secured the greatest part of an abundant crop, by which, and the high condition of their cattle, they have a sufficiency of food, so that they are enabled to devote their time and labour to the repair of the sloat; but if a similar visitation should take place before the crops are secured, they would have to disperse in search of some earnings, and the whole would, very likely, be abandoned. As it is, if they succeed in restoring the watercourse, it puts them back in their building, and the wooden gutters will always be exposed to accidents, and nothing will do eventually but iron pipes, so that I hope a successful call will be made on behalf of Hankey to the benevolent.
The moral conduct of the people appears to be unexceptionable, and they have made
* Or Gnadenthal, one of the principal stations of the United Brethren, in South Africa. ED.
great progress under Mr. Melvill and Mr. The Sunday-school continues to flourish. Kitchingman.*
and the attendance of both adults and chil. dren is truly encouraging. Of late that rest
less, wandering disposition, which so much GRAHAM'S TOWN.
characterized the Hottentots in former times,
seems to be losing ground—I mean as it Letter of Rev. John Monro, Missionary at respects those who are inhabitants of Gra.
Grahan's Town, dated 24th January, 1832 ; ham's Town-and this is visible from their addressed to the Directors.
constant and regular attendance on the Lord's
day, the consequence resulting from which is, Reverend FATHERS AND BRETHREN,
that their progress is much more rapid than Another year of eventful changes has passed ever before witnessed by me. Several who, over our heads; and, in taking a retrospect of at last year anniversary, did not know their what has transpired at this station during alphabets, have, within the year, passed that period, it becomes us to raise our Ebe through the several minor classes, and are nezer, and say, “ Hitherto hath the Lord now reading in the New Testament. One helped us."
female (Anna Tauntaal), in her anxiety to In June last it pleased the Lord to awaken attain the privilege of reading the word of several from that state of listless apathy, of God for herself, has been known to leave which I formerly complained as being so her bed several times during the night, and general; they were brought under deep con. sit by the fire (having no other light), learn. cern for their souls, accompanied with strong ing her weekly tasks. This woman is marconvictions of sin, and earnestly inquired ried, and has a large family, and, though what they must do to be saved. The marked living four miles from town, is never absent change in their conduct roused many others, from public worship, and, in general, is and particularly some individuals who had among the first at chapel, with one babe at been baptized and received into the church her back and another in her arms. by the late Mr. Vanderlingen, and had A few weeks back a Temperance Society grievously backsliden, but who are now evi was organized in this place, and I am happy dently convinced of their danger, and beg for in bearing testimony to the forwardness of the privilege of again joining with the people our people in subscribing its fundamental of God in the solemnities of the sanctuary. principle. My list, which is confined to the One means of this awakening was the special coloured population, contains already one blessing of God on a baptismal sermon. A hundred and fifty names, and accessions are female member of the church, who had been daily made. Oh, that they may be enaconfined to her bed for many months, re- bled, through divine grace, to withstand the quested that I would baptize her child; and, many temptations to which they are conas she could not come to the chapel, I pub- stantly exposed, in respect to the soul-delished my intention of preaching and bap- stroying sin of drunkenness! tizing in one of the huts at Scots' Kloof. The chapel, which is supposed to seat
egation was numerous, probably three hundred persons, is found to be too on account of the novelty of the service, small, in consequence of which a deep gal. as I make it a rule to administer that ordi lery is being erected, which, when completed, nance always before the congregation. When will accommodate from one hundred to one near the close of the discourse, and describing hundred and fifty more. This, with ceiling the duties of the baptized, I saw my auditors
the place, which cost upwards of 300 Rix were particularly moved, and the greater part
dollars (it is now completed and paid for), in tears. These impressions have continued, presses hard upon the English congregation, and of many of them their conduct enables who are, individually, characters that labour me to form very pleasing hopes.
hard for a living, not one of them being in During the year four have joined the church; affluent circumstances. three who had been suspended for some time were restored ; ten were dedicated to God by
: (Signed) J. Monro. baptism, and there are twenty-seven in the candidate classes. These I meet twice in P.S. The pupils in our Sunday-school, the week, for catechetical instruction and from the least to the greatest, expect a reserious conversation; and many pleasing ward at the anniversary, and probably some hours are thus spent in describing their things may be sent to the Mission-house, by simple experience.
friends of the Society, that might be considered of little value in other places, and
would be highly valued here; three hundred * Donations will be thankfully received were rewarded, at our last anniversary, with by the Rev. John Arundel, Home Secretary, books, bags, pincushions, frocks, pinafores, knives, at the Mission-house, No. 26, Austin Friars, pencil-cases, &c. Many friends in town kindly London; and at the Banking-house of Messrs. assisted us on the occasion, but we cannot Hankey, Fenchurch Street.--ED.
always expect a similar supply. If you can
favour us with any such, they will be thank fully received, and applied in the most faithful way. *
CAMPBELL. A letter has been lately received from the Catechist at Campbell, dated 26th December, 1832. He states that the Lord appears to be blessing his labours. A new place of worship had been opened, on which occasion he baptized the widow of the late Captain Kok, of Namacqualand, who is understood to be upwards of ninety years of age. It appears that she heard the gospel twenty-five years ago, when it was first preached by the missionaries in that country. The people present at the administration of the ordinance were much impressed by the solemn and touching nature of the occasion, and the Catechist hopes that good results will follow. He adds, that a youth, a grandson of the aged female just mentioned, is under concern for the salvation of his soul, and inquires, with great earnestness, as to the way to heaven. The average number of children attending the school is about sixtyfive.
He then proceeds to describe, in affecting terms, the ravages which the small-pox was making at the station, and the distressing spectacles he was compelled to witness, without the means of affording the requisite relief. The total number of deaths, at the time of his writing, was fifty-two. He adds—“The little medicine that I had left was soon exhausted. It is a very dear article in this country; and I have often indulged the thought, that if some of our Christian friends in England were acquainted with what affliction the Lord has been pleased to visit us with, they would sympathise with us, and render some little assistance, as to those articles which are most essentially necessary, such as MEDICINES, a few tools, and a few FARMING IMPLEMENTS.”*
lay, but have reason to be thankful for being brought in health and safety to the place of my destination. On the river I experienced several gales of wind, but escaped a very severe storm which took place the day before I left Calcutta the effects of which were long manifest. One day I think I passed upwards of a hundred vessels lying wrecked on the shore, with their crews sheltered in small temporary huts or tents.
I visited most of the towns on the river ; many of them are large, and the whole country is very fertile and populous. In consequence of want of water in the branch of the Ganges on which Berhampore is situated, I was prevented from visiting brother Hill. At Monghir I spent two days with the Baptist Missionaries, and preached to a very good English congregation; but my imperfect knowledge of the language prevented me, during the journey, from engaging, as I wished, in missionary exertions.
On reaching Benares I found my future colleague, Mr. Robertson, well, and our meeting has been a source of much happiness to us both, and our society, I confidently trust, will be a mutual blessing. We live together in his bungalow; and, from his extensive acquaintance with the various languages spoken in this country, and from his great readiness to assist me, I derive great advantages in my studies. I hope in a few months to be fully engaged in preaching to the natives, though in an imperfect manner; but I think it much better to blunder a little as it respects the language than remain in silence, when so wide a door is presented for proclaiming among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ.
With the exception of London, I have never seen so large a city as Benares. The exact population, however, is unknown-as from various causes the people are unwilling to tell what number of inmates are in their houses, no correct census has ever been obtained. Being regarded as sacred, not only over the whole of Hindoostan, where the Brahminical faith is professed, but also wherever the Buddhist system prevails, pilgrims come even from the Burman empire and the Island of Ceylon, to wash away their sins at Benares, which some of them regard not as part of earth but of heaven!
It is impossible for a Christian to look unmoved on Benares — a city not only " wholly given to idolatry,” but a city itself an object of superstitious veneration, with a population immense, indeed, but not equal to the number of its gods. But even this great metropolis of Hindooism stands with its gates wide open to receive the soldiers of the cross; and surely it is not to the honour of the Christian world that only one or two have entered it, presenting more the appearance of spies than of a force designed to take possession of such a strong holde
ARRIVAL OF MISSIONARIES. Letter of Rev. William Buyers, Missionary at
Benares, dated January 26th, 1832 ; ad. dressed to the Home-Secretary.
Rev. and Dear Sir, After a tedious passage of about two months from Calcutta, I arrived here on the sixth of January. In consequence of contrary winds and the strength of the current in the Ganges, I met with considerable de
* Articles sent for the care of Rev. John Arundel, Home-Secretary, No. 26, Austin Friars, will be thankfully received, and punctually forwarded to South Africa. Ed.
The prospects of the mission, considering language. Had we proachers, there would all circumstances, are far more encouraging be no difficulty in finding congregations in than I could ever have expected to find any part of the city, and in some places bun.. them. Mr. Robertson has just completed galows might be erected at a small expense, making the circuit of the whole city-con- where the streets are too narrow for collectversing with people of all descriptions and ing the people in the open air. Owing to oftea preaching to great crowds, and his the narrowness of almost all the streets of labours seem to have produced a deep Benares they are very crowded, and the noise impression. A spirit of conviction seems and clamour render it very difficult either to extensively to have spread in the city, speak or hear, but where there is any conveand every thing short of real success in the nient spot the people appear very willing to conversion of souls has been obtained ; and attend. there is a seriousness among inquirers which I hope the Directors will consider the un. leads us to hope that we shall soon behold equalled importance of Benares, as a mismany turn to the Lord in sincerity of heart. sionary station, and will send as many more Besides the labours of Mr. Robertson out of labourers as possible—too many they cannot doors, he has two services in the city chapel, send, for were all the missionaries of the in Hinduwee and Urdu. The place is ge- Society within twenty miles of where I now nerally about full, and the congregation is write, they would find an ample field for remarkably attentive, indeed as much so as their exertions. If we would destroy the any Christian assembly. It is composed monster Hindooism we should strike in the both of Hindoos and Mohammedans. We most vital part, and that part is undoubtedly intend to commence a third service in the here. Trusting still to have an interest in chapel next week, as I shall be able to de your prayers, and those of the Directors. liver one sermon a week and shall gradually
(Signed) WILLIAM BUYERS. increase the number as I improve in the
LETTERS RECEIVED FROM MISSIONARIES, &c.
C. H. Thomson ......... Singapore ...........30 January, 1832.
T. Beighton.............Ditto ...............Ditto, ditto.
_ W. Tavlor .............Madras ..... ......19 Ditto, ditto.
W. Reeve.............. Dated at Madras ....10 Ditto, ditto.
J. Dawson.............. Vizagapatam ........ 2 March, ditto.
- J. C. Thompson ........Quilon .............17 February, ditto. RUSSIA............
--- R. Knill ................Selenginsk ..........14 April, N.S., 1832. SOUTH AFRICA....
Dr. Philip................Cape of Good Hope..24 April, ditto.
DOMESTIC MISSIONARY INTELLIGENCE.
MONTHLY MISSIONARY PRAYER-MEETING.
BELGAUM. Belgaum is a British military station. It is situated in the Mahratta country, in 15%. 40'. N. Lat., and E. Long. 75o, 30'., and is distant about 75 miles, E. by W., from Goa. The population, including that of the villages in its immediate vicinity, amounts to about 25,000 ; the natives being chiefly Hindoos, and the Europeaos principally connected with