swered and echoed round the globe, “ The Reform Bill of Britain was indeed the hare binger of blessings to a fallen world !" .

servatives of the state. The ministers and members of our churches throughout the realm must see to it, that we have indeed a reformed House of Commons; to them instrumentally, as the guardians of the British ark, the world must now direct its attention ; on them the responsibility rests, whether the mere politician shall, without reference to Him by whom kings reign and princes decree justice, regulate the affairs of this mighty empire-whether all the abuses of church and state shall be rectified without endangering or destroying either—whether the excellencies of a venerable establishment shall be preserved, and its corruptions, and discrepancies with apostolic models, be alone destroyed, and its future support rendered, as it should be, dependent only on the free-will offerings of a generous and grateful people whether the church shall have a commanding influence in this Christian nation, its Sabbaths become a day of rest for the whole population, the ignorance of the multitude exchanged for a Scripturally, and, therefore, well-educated, communitythe dangerous, property-absorbing, and peasant-degrading poor-rate system, prepared for early abatement and final extinction-our laws present a richer admixture of mercy, and our national crimes diminished by a richer diffusion of Christian remedies among us ;-or whether those evils shall continue, flourish, and extend, in all their malignant power and luxuriance.

The crisis in which we live—the nineteenth century of the Christian eram-sterling patriotism, and inviting opportunities, all urge that we should be up and doing. The children of this world exhibit examples of activity unparallelled by the heirs of a blissful immortality. Let the vigour, the animation, the zeal, the perseverance they manifest, be ours in the purest of causes; let the Ministers of our Congregational Board remember the exalted rank they sustain in the commonwealth : for on then it will greatly depend whether the intentions and expectations of a paternal and enlightened government shall succeed, and the oft-expressed fears of miscalled conservatives be dispersed to the four winds, as having been formed on the baseless fabric of a vision. Let the ministers and the truest friends of their country assemble forthwith ; let them act under the deep conviction that the eyes of their country, the subjects of the despotic monarchs of old Europe, the West Indian slave, and of the world, are upon them; let them call out the busy, the retired, the influential, the talented, the enlightened, and the benevolent, to their country's aid; let them insist on their acquiescence in whatever sacrifices of ease, of leisure, or of retiredness of character, may be required from each; let committees be formed, without a moment's delay, to secure the return of suitable persons to the councils of the state ; and the question will soon be an.



Of all the appeals to Christian benevolence urged by a suffering world, the claims of the orphans are among the most powerful and interesting ; and of all classes of the fatherless, the children of departed Christian ministers are often found ‘in circumstances the most helpless and affecting. The good minister of Jesus Christ” has seldom any treasures to bequeath but those of unwearied zeal and unblemished reputation. How many an apostolic labourer has been called by his Lord, in the noontide of life, to enter into rest, leaving, in a world of toil and sorrow, an infant family, whose anticipated destitution and dependence (but for the strong consolations of religion) must have destroyed the peace of his departing hours.

And while dependence, and even poverty, the fruit of disinterestedness and self-denial, shed a lustre on the memory of such faithful men, surely the exercise of Christian sympathy is due to their bereaved families; and no services of love and pity can be more in unison with His designs, who cheers his dying servants with these gracious words :“Leave thy fatherless children, I will preserve them alive, and let thy widows trust in me !" Still the powerful claims of this interesting class of orphans have been seldom felt; for though many and splendid monuments of charity adorn the metropolis of Britain, hitherto no adequate provision has been made for their education and support.

To this general and criminal neglect, an honourable exception has recently appeared in the person of a venerable Christian lady, who has invested a sum exceeding two thousand pounds in the public funds, in the name of trustees, the interest of which is to be appropriated for the maintenance and instruction of female children of departed gospel ministers, who are placed (under the sanction of the committee) in an establishment conducted by a lady* of acknowledged piety and talent, for board and education, where they enjoy all the advantages of a private seminary, and are instructed in such things as are calculated to fit them for future usefulness. In addition to which, the Committee are authorized (should the conduct of the chil. dren be satisfactory) to expend a limited sum for placing them in eligible situations.

While the Committee honour this rare act of Christian munificence, they trust it will prove only as the foundation of a capacious and lasting superstructure. Five children are enjoying the advantages of this institu

* Mrs. Greenhow, Park Street, Islington.

trampled on all the usages of the country by refusing to put on the accustomed present, and as regarding his own dress sufficient to appear before the “King which made a marriage for his Son." See Matt. xxii.

tion, and others are anxiously waiting the result of the next election ; but it is obvious that, without considerable additions to the present fund, the benefits of the charity must be very limited, and totally inadequate to the number and necessities of those for whom it is designed.

The Committee, therefore, most earnestly invite the liberality of the religious public in its behalf. They entreat the co-operation of all who appreciate the importance of the Christian ministry, and more especially of Christian females: respectfully reminding them, that for the benefit of their sex this institution has been formed, urging on their recollection the words of the Lord Jesus, that “it is more blessed to give than tó receive :” feeling convinced that such a service, inspired by love to his name, will be honoured by his gracious approval. 6 In asmuch as ye have done it unto one of these little ones, ye have done it unto me.”

Annual subscribers of one guinea, or life subscribers of ten guineas, are entitled to two votes for each child to be elected.

Subscriptions received by Thomas Challis, Esq. Treasurer, 34, Finsbury Square; Rev. A. Tidman, 27, Finsbury Square; Jesse Goldsmith, Esq. Old Jewry; J. Moginie, Esq. Smithfield Bars ; Mr. E. Taylor, Canonbury Square, Islington ; J. Viney, Esq. Cornhill; and Mr. Sard, Secretary, 7, Jewin Street.


ENGLAND. " By the rivers of Babylon [the streams of the river Euphrates] there we sat down, we wept when we remembered Zion. We hanged our harps upon the willows in the midst thereof."-Ps. cxxxvii. 1, 2.

M r. Vernon, Turkey merchant at Aleppo, transplanted the weeping willow from the river Euphrates, brought it with him to England, and planted it at his seat in Twickenham Park, where I saw it growing, Anno 1748. This is the original of all the weeping willows in our gardens.

How pleasing is the idea that every incidental circumstance furnishes to the observant mind a collateral proof of the unimpeachable veracity of holy writ! Ought we not to regard every weeping willow that comes under our observation as an illustration of the authenticity as well as of the accuracy of the Israelitish Captives' Song, as handed down to us in the passage above quoted ?

BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATIONS. The following illustrations of passages of Scripture are selected from Mr. Charles Taylor's Instructive Magazine ; a work equally calculated for the library, the parlour, and the school.


KENT ASSOCIATION. The next annual meeting of the Kent In. dependent Association will be held at the Rev. Mr. Rook's, Faversham, on Tuesday and Wednesday, the 3rd and 4th July, on which occasion the Rev. J. Prankard, of Sheerness, is expected to preach on Tuesday evening, and the Rev. W. Chapman, of Greenwich, on Wednesday morning. The business of the association will be conducted on Wednesday afternooon, and on the evening of the saine day the annual meeting of the Kent Auxiliary Missionary Society will be held. The Kent Union Society will also be held on Tuesday afternoon, at 3 o'clock.


TORS OF AN ASIATIC PRINCE. On paying a visit to any Asiatic prince, an inferior receives from him a complete dress of honour, consisting of a khelaut, a robe, a turban, a shield, and sword, with a string of jewels to go round the neck. This ceremony was submitted to by Lord Cornwallis when at Benares. When Lord Wellesley visited the Upper Provinces, he objected to the ceremony as too degrading, and determined to appear in the presence of the royal family in his uniform, receiving the dresses in trays as a present made to him.- Lord Valentia's Travels in India.

The permanence of oriental customs is here strikingly exemplified. The rank and power of Lord Wellesley would completely hinder any murmuring at the total derange. ment of customary formality ; but undoubtedly such a refusal by an inferior character would have been regarded as the most insulting mark of disrespect possible. This illustrates the Parable of the Wedding Garment very satisfactorily, as the guest must have

NEW CHAPEL AT WINDSOR. The present Independent place of worship at Windsor having become too small for the congregation, the friends found it necessary to provide a more commodious place, and have now the pleasure to state, that the first stone of a new chapel, 68 feet by 46, exclusive of the vestry, and in a more desirable situation than the old one, was laid on Wednesday, the 16th of May, in the presence of a numerous and respectable assembly.

The order of the service was as follows:Rev. G. Redford gave out part of Psalm 132nd, and read a portion of Scripture; Rev. A. Redford offered a short prayer. The stone was laid by Thomas Wilson, Esq. of Highbury, and a brass plate and some coins deposited. The 118th Psalm was sung, after

which Rev. J. Leifchild delivered an appro. priate address, stating the origin of the Dissenting interest in Windsor, the circumstances which have led to the erection of the new building, and the doctrines of the gospel which will be proclaimed in it. The 117th Psalm was sung, and Rev. J. A. James concluded with solemn prayer and the benediction.

The Rev. W. Fletcher, late of Thornbury, Gloucestershire, has accepted the unanimous invitation of the Independent church and congregation at Ringwood, Hants ; at which place he commenced his stated labours the first Lord's day of June.

injury may arise to his congregation from the new cause, he has given it the sanction of his name and recommendation ; and we do trust that all the future proceedings will be conducted in that spirit of love and concord which will preserve the link of Christian fel. lowship between the two churches unbroken. Thomas Wilson, Esq., of Highbury, and Messrs. Collingwood and Devonport, of Oxford, will gladly receive such contributions to this new and important undertaking as may be transmitted to them by the friends of evangelical religion.



The annual meeting of the subscribers and friends to this institution is fixed for Wednesday, July 4th. The public examination of the pupils will commence at nine o'clock in the morning, and the meeting of the subscribers, &c. will be held at twelve. It is expected that a proposition will be submitted to this meeting to extend the benests of the school beyond the limits of Yorkshire and Lancashire, in favour of the sons of ministers in the adjoining counties.

NEW INDEPENDENT CHAPEL AT OXFORD. We have just seen the foundation and plans of this commodious and elegant building, and cannot but congratulate the city of Oxford on the erection of another place of worship in which the distinguished truths of Christianity will be faithfully dispensed. The originators of this chapel åre persons of great respectability, connected with the congregation of the Rev. Mr. Copley, some of them Baptists and some Independents; but all agreeing, we understand, that the trustdeeds of the new place of worship shall secure the property to the cause of Indepen. dency. We rejoice to find that Thomas Wilson, Esq., of Highbury, with his accustomed zeal and liberality, has contributed, in aid of this undertaking, the sum of £500 ; and that other friends have displayed, according to their means, equal generosity. As the freehold has cost a very large sum, ground being very expensive in Oxford, it will be absolutely necessary that the more wealthy portion of the Dissenting community should step forward and vigorously support this truly interesting cause. A more important stand for the Congregational Denomination cannot be made ; but the few liberal friends who have countenanced this laudable effort are unable to bear the burden without the aid and co-operation of their Christian brethren in different parts of the kingdom. It is greatly to the credit of our excellent friend, Mr. Copley, that, though some temporary

BIRDBUSH, WILTSHIRE. On Wednesday, October 12th, 1831, the Rev. Ebenezer Temple, late of London, and nephew of the Rev. R. H. Shepherd, of Ranelagh Chapel, Chelsea, was ordained pastor of the Independent church at Birdbush, Wilts,

In the morning, the Rev. Wm. Powell, of Tisbury, read the Scriptures and prayed ; the Rev. R. Collins, of Hindon, also prayed ; Rev. T. Durant, of Poole, delivered an admirable introductory discourse on the nature of church government; the Rev. T. Evans, of Shaftsbury, asked the usual questions, and received Mr. Temple's confession of faith ; the Rev. J. Hyatt, of Wilton, offered the ordination, prayer, accompanied with imposition of hands; the Rev. Alexander Fletcher, of Finsbury Chapel, London, delivered an affectionate charge ; and the Rev. J. Little, of Mere, concluded with prayer.

In the evening, the congregation re-assem. bled. The Rev. W. Richards, of Milbourn Port, offered up prayer; the Rev. J. E. Good, of Salisbury, preached to the people, on the duty of shewing “ their proof of their love” to their minister, from 2 Cor. viii. 24; and the Rev. Mr. Bailey, of Cripplestile, concluded the solemnities of the day by prayer. The Rev. Messrs. Standerwick, of Dalverton, Best, of Forent, &c., took part in the services.

The circumstance of there having been no ordination at Birdbush, for nearly thirty years, since the ordination of the Rev. Mr. M‘Gibbon, excited considerable interest; so that, notwithstanding the unfavourable state of the weather, the attendance was overflowing. The labours of Mr. Temple have proved highly acceptable to the neighbourhood; and. the prospect of comfort and great usefulness is highly delightful. The ordination service has been published by the consent of the ministers who sustained the prominent parts on the occasion. on the occasion.

It may not be either uninteresting or unprofitable to extract, from Calamy's Nonconformist Memorial, the remarkable and almost romantic origin of this venerable church, the first congregational church in the county. It is as follows:-“ Not long after the year 1662, Mr. Grove, a gentleman

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of great opulence, whose seat was near Bird. Although I enjoyed the pleasure of your bush, upon his wife's lying dangerously ill, society only for a few hours, and my person sent to the parish minister to pray with her. perhaps will hardly be recollected by you, When the messenger came, he was just going yet your affection, so abundantly evinced toout with the hounds, and sent word he would wards the members of the Rhenish Missionary come when the hunt was over. At Mr. Society, gives me confidence to introduce and Grove's expressing much resentment against recommend to you this brother the minister for choosing rather to follow his I avail myself of this opportunity to give diversions than attend his wife under the you some account of the continued labours circumstances in which she lay, one of the of the Rhenish Missionary Society, taking servants said, “Sir, our shepherd, if you will the liberty of writing in German, as brother send for him, can pray very well; we have Fliedner will have the goodness to put it into often heard him at prayer in the field.' Upon English. this he was immediately sent for, and Mr. Never to be forgotten by all Christians in Grove asking him whether he ever did or our valley and neighbourhood is the memo. could pray, the shepherd fixed his eyes upon rable day of the 29th of June, 1829, when, him, and, with peculiar seriousness in his coun. in your and Dr. Philip's presence, our first tenance, replied, God forbid, Sir, I should missionaries to the heathen were consecrated one day live without prayer.' Hereupon he to their work. I do not assert too much when was desired to pray with the sick lady, which I say, that the impression made on that day he did so pertinently to her case, with such spread over all Ġermany, and that your fervency and fluency of devotion, as greatly journey has had more blessed results than to astonish the husband and all the family you yourself could have imagined. How who were present.

much we are indebted to you and the other
or When they arose from their knees, the English brethren for your kindness in point-
gentleman addressed him to this effect:- ing out to us, with so much self-denying
* Your language and manner discover you to love, the way into the missionary field, and
be a very different person from what your leading our first labourers into the work of
present appearance indicates ; I conjure you their calling!
to inform me who and what you are, and The immediate effect produced upon the
what were your views and situation in life Christians in our country, by the first sending
before you came into my service?' Where. forth of missionaries, was the simultaneous
upon he told him he was one of the minis. offer of support from all parts, and the forma.
ters who had been lately ejected from the tion of auxiliary societies in various places;
church, and that, having nothing of his own so that, when our brethren who were sent
left, he was content, for livelihood, to submit out deemed it proper to purchase ground for
to the honest and peaceable employment of a station in South Africa, the necessary
tending sheep. Upon hearing this, Mr. money was already placed in our hands. Our
Grove said, "Then you shall be my SHEP. six brethren labour at present in four places,
HERD,' and immediately erected a meeting. -Stillenbash, Tulbach, Worcester, and the
house on his own estate, in which Mr. Juce new-founded station of Wapperthal. We
preached to a gathered congregation of dis- have all reason to be satisfied with the zeal and
senters, which continues unto this day.” We method of our brethren in their work. More
may add, and has continued unto this day : than 5000 slaves and free Hottentots have
upwards of 150 years from the beginning. been consigned to their sphere of operation.

Being acquainted with the Dutch language,

they were able immediately to commence

their missionary work in all places, and in PARTICULARS RESPECTING THE RIIENISH

every one of them, proofs of the power of the MISSIONARY SOCIETY.

word of God for the enlightening and renewTo the Editor'.

ing of souls have already occurred; and if MY DEAR SIR, -As your readers have, on nothing else could be done by our brethren former occasions, shown an interest in the than what has been done, we should have German Missionaries, and the churches in reason to be thankful to the Lord, and, in Prussia whence they sprung, the following consideration of the value of one immortal letter may be acceptable to them. Should soul, to regard all our labours and expenses you think so, it is at your service.

as richly rewarded. But we are delightfully I am, dear Sir, &c. led on to increase our exertion by an extended Hackney, May 13, 1832. Andrew Reed. field of labour. In Stellenbosh, such an

awakening has taken place, that our brother Barmen, April 18th, 1832. Lückhaff is no longer able alone to preach the DEAR AND RESPECTED FRIEND IN THE LORD, gospel both to adults and children, and we

A dear brother, united with us by the ties shall have, this summer, to send him a fellowof one faith and affectionate brotherly love, labourer. Equally delightful are the reports the Rev. Mr. Fliedner, of Kaiserswerth, near from Tulbach and Worcester. In Wupper. Dusseldorf, is about to visit England for pur. thal, in the Cedar Mountains, a congregation poses connected with the kingdom of God. of about 100 individuals has been collected

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from among the heathen. The building of a new church and mission-house is to be commenced there this year. Towards the first object we have already received special contributions of Christian charity to the amount of £180. Brother Wurmb avails himself of his medical practice to cast out the net of the gospel in the neighbourhood of this station. We purpose (D. v.) to send to the brethren's assistance some Christian colonists in the course of the summer. Likewise the interior, particularly the west coast, the Namaqua. land, presents to us a fair prospect; and we are willing, as much as lies in our power, to follow the direction of the Lord.

With regard to the domestic affairs of our society, we may say, to the praise and glory of the Lord, that, in the midst of these trou. blesome times, we rest in perfect peace. All authorities, from the highest to the lowest, are favourable to our cause, and willing to promote it ; even our own beloved monarch and royal family manifest a lively interest in this cause of the Lord. The number of pupils in our seminary varies from ten to twelve. inasmuch as we willingly allow every one to leave who should not feel himself called, or be not considered so by us. Among other necessary attainments, and the English and Dutch languages, a thorough acquaintance with the word of God remains our chief aim. More than thirty pious young men, from all parts of Germany, have offered themselves as candidates for admission, from among whom we purpose to select again a small number in autumn. In our choice of pupils, we find it in many respects advantageous to give the preference to young men of the working class, without, however, excluding those of a higher station in life. On their admission, it is made known to them that the whole period of preparation is a time of probation; that the society reserve to themselves the power of dissolving their connexion with them at any time; and that, although their preparation comprises the full calling of a missionary, yet every one of them must be satifised if he can go forth only as a catechist, or even as a colonist and Christian workman.

Two years ago, our society received the valuable gift of two and a half acres of land, in the most charming part of our valley, not far from the church where the first ordination took place. The society agreed to build on it a mission-house. The means* thereto were

procured by the mission's blatt (missionary paper), which continues to be circulated in 14,000 copies. The building is nearly finished, and the missionary cause, as we sincerely trust in humble dependence upon the Lord, will now have found a permanent place among us. In the course of this summer we already mean to occupy it. True it is, that our council-room will want the glorious trophies of the victories of the gospel over the idols of the heathen,* as calculated to convince the senses of the blessings of the missionary work; but we trust, of the faithfulness of the Lord, that our labour, begun in weakness will not be in vain in the Lord.

You have promised to visit us again. Come. then, dear friend : our beating hearts meet you; and as to our tongues, we shall soon make ourselves understood. Come and see how the little plant has increased which the Lord has planted among us, and watered so richly through your visit! Your coming will bring with it new, although perhaps more quiet blessings ; it will give us opportunity of evincing to you our gratitude and our love.

The richest blessings of our rich God be with you! In the name of the Rhenish Miss. Society,

W. LELPOLDT, Minister and Secretary.



Dear Sir, As far as it regards outward circumstances, I am happy to say that, in our beloved country, we enjoy peace and tranquillity, and are permitted, without interruption, to build our. selves up in our most holy faith, which, indeed, is a great privilege in these boisterous and unsettled times. May we have grace rightly to improve our privileges! There are not a few persons among us who are well disposed as it regards the missionary cause ; but it is much to be lamented that generally, and with but comparatively few excep. tions, great ignorance prevails among our countrymen on this subject. This is to be ascribed solely to the want of information on missionary subjects by the medium of the press. Since the Rev. John Wætterdahl left Stockholm,t the weekly paper called

* A pious farmer of the name of Theis, well known to translator, once said to him, with much emphasis and joy, “Brother, I have succeeded, I have succeeded !" On being asked what he had achieved, he answered, “Oh, I long wished to give my money to the missionary cause whilst I am still living, as I have no family; I have now safely placed it in the hands of the Barmen Missionary Society, for building a missionhouse, I have given them 6000 dollars, and am so glad I have succeeded !”.

* The meaning of this sentence is : True it is, that our little sanctuary in the new mission-house, where we shall meet for prayer, &c., has not yet got any idols for the people to look at, such as are so numerously stored up in the missionary museum in London, although we should be very glad indeed if we could get a few, that the Christian people might see what idols are, and might rejoice that the heathen are beginning to turn from such vanities ; but, &c.- TRANSLATOR.

+ Rev. John Wætterdahl is justly entitled to the honour of having been the ori.

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VOL. 8.

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