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In the introduction some remarks were observation_that as it is the duty of all made on the rise and progress of the mis- Christians to aid, so all of them have the sionary spirit in modern times, and on the means of aiding, in disseminating the faith success with which God has blessed the of the gospel. They may do this, and they labours of the London Missionary Society, are bound to do it, by cultivating purity of and the other kindred institutions leagued heart and life, and maintaining an exemplary with it in the same holy warfare. In accord deportment by their pecuniary contribuance with what appeared to the preacher to tions-by uniting and co-operating with one be the design of such meetings as the pre- another in measures and efforts to promote sent—to animate to persevering exertion in this most important object-and by their the cause of Christ-he had selected the humble, importunate, and believing prayers. words of St. Paul as the subject of discourse But more, it was stated, was implied in -Striving together for the faith of the gospel. the text, than that all Christians may aid,
He began with some observations on the and are bound to aid, in disseminating the faith of the gospel. The phrase denotes the faith of the gospel,-it also suggests to us, same thing with what in other places of the that in this good work Christians are to be New Testament is called, “the faith which zealous, and to engage with all their might. was once delivered to the saints”-the truth The original term, which is rendered strias it is in Jesus—the gospel of God or of ving, is borrowed from those games so celeChrist. To ascertain what the faith of the brated in ancient times, the competitors gospel is, it was noticed, that we must have in which exerted their utmost skill and recourse to the Holy Scriptures, the only in- strength to obtain the palm. To stimulate fallible standard of the belief and practice the zeal of Christians, it was observed—that of Christians; that we are to take their the diffusion of the gospel is a work which declarations in their plain and obvious sense, requires their most strenuous exertions, on and that our researches are to be conducted account of the formidable and inveterate with diligence, humility, and prayer to the opposition which it has to encounter-that Father of lights. A brief statement was then it is worthy of them, on account of the im. given of the leading and essential doctrines portant ends with which it is intimately, nay, of the gospel. While it recognises the unity essentially, connected — the glory of God, of God, it reveals to us the threefold personalthe best interests of the children of men, and distinction in the Godhead of Father, Son, the honour of our blessed Redeemer. And, and Holy Ghost; it contemplates man as in in fine, that the exertions of Christians shall a fallen condition; it unfolds the plan which not be in vain in the Lord. the God of mercy has devised for the deli. The sermon was concluded with a few verance of our guilty race from sin, and their observations adapted to the occasion of the restoration to holiness and happiness. The meeting, recommending the London Misgreat agent in this scheme is the only be- sionary Society to the Christian regards of gotten Son of God, the brightness of his the audience, soliciting in its favour their glory, and the express image of his person ; efforts, their prayers, and their pecuniary for the accomplishment of it, in the fulness liberality; and reminding them that, as the of time he was manifested in our nature, time in which we shall be called to strive and gave himself for us "an offering and a for the faith of the gospel is precarious, and sacrifice to God, for a sweet-smelling savour.” cannot possibly be long, whatsoever our hand The blessings which he has procured by his finds to do, we should do it instantly, as well death, and is now exalted to dispense, are as with all our might. many and invaluable---pardon-the influences of the Holy Spirit-and eternal glory. The gospel calls upon us to believe on Jesus
TABERNACLE. to receive him as our teacher, our priest, After prayer by the Rev. Mr. Adey, of our sovereign ; and assures us that, on our Ramsgate, Rev. J. Morison, D.D., preached believing, all these blessings shall be ours. to a crowded and attentive auditory, from the In conclusion it was remarked, that in the words of God to Moses, Numbers xiv. 21– scheme of salvation which the gospel reveals, But as truly as I live, all the earth shall be grace reigns through righteousness—that in it filled with the glory of the Lord. provision is made for every evil under which After an appropriate introduction, which we labour, and that as it is needed by all, so tended to illustrate the circumstances in it is adapted to men of every clime.
which the prediction of the text was oriThe language of the apostle, concerning ginally uttered, and which was fitted to the faith of the gospel, was next considered. stimulate the friends of missionary enterThe Philippians are exhorted to strive toge- prise. The preacher proposed the following ther for it. They were to hold it fast in its outline of thought: original purity—but this was not all—they I. To inquire what we are to understand by were to endeavour to extend the knowledge the glory of the Lord ? of it. Adopting this latter view of the text, 11. Po mark the vast field upon which that it was noticed that it suggests this important glory is to be displayed.
III. To examine the wondrous form in which Jehovah condescends to assure his servant that the project of his infinite wisdom and benevolence shall not fail of accomplishment.
Under the first head of discourse, Dr. Morison endeavoured to show that the sim. plest and grandest idea of the glory of the Lord is, that assemblage of infinite perfections which combined to form his wondrous character, irrespective of the existence of any of his rational creatures. He then proceeded to take another view of that glory, in the forms in which it may have been displayed before sin entered among a portion of accountable beings. Having glanced at these views of the divine glory, he showed that
they were not the immediate subject of the os text ; that the Christian revelation contained
a disclosure of God's character and glory to aki a sinful race; and that the brightest and
most overwhelming manifestation of Jeho. od vah's glory was now to be traced in that
surpassing scheme which exhibited the possibility of a sinner's deliverance, through the incarnation and blood-shedding of the Son of God, for the redemption of a lost world.
Under the second head of discourse, the preacher marked the affecting circumstances under which God spake to Moses; and before calling the attention of his auditory to the bright vision of the text, paused to contemplate the past and present mournful state of the world. The picture of Paganism, Mohammedanism, Judaism, nominal Christianity, and even of the true church, was truly mournful. The preacher then proceeded to exhibit the opposite scene; but at the same time entered his warm protest against the personal reign scheme. Four things he regarded as necessary to the fulfilment of the text:-1. That the gospel should be universally proclaimed. 2. That providential events shonla contribute their aid. 3. That the Holy Ghost must be more largely effused. 4. That the world must be converted to the faith of Christ.
Under the last head of discourse, Dr. Morison dwelt with much force on the absolute and unconditional form of the assurance - looked at the state of missionary operations, and warmly eulogized the London Missionary Society.
THURSDAY, May 10. ANNUAL PUBLIC MEETING,
EXETER HALL, STRAND.
John Dyer, Esq., having been called to the Chair, the proceedings were commenced by the Rev. John ARUNDEL, the Home. Secretary, giving out the cix. Hymn in the missionary collection of the Society, beginning, . "How sweet and awful is the place,” &c., which was sung by the vast assembly.
The CHAIRMAN then rose and said: In consequence of the resignation of my muchesteemed friend on my right hand, of the office of Treasurer, and the gentleman who, with your permission, will be proposed to succeed him having declined to take the chair, I have been requested to do so. 1, therefore, take the liberty of requesting your kind indulgence, to myself in particular, from the conviction that I am not sufficiently qualified to stand before you on this inter esting occasion. Allow me, however, as one of the oldest Directors of the London Missionary Society, to congratulate myself, and many of my friends now present, that we have lived to see the 38th Anniversary of this god-like Institution-an Institution which has done incalculable benefit to the souls of men, not only among the heathen at large, put even among Christians at home ; for I have no hesitation in saying, that many in this country have been individually, benefited, in consequence of the establishment of this
Society. It has also been, under God, the means of awakening the dormant zeal of many who before were engaged in promoting missions among the heathen. It has, likewise, led to the formation of many other societies, bearing very strongly upon it. I believe I may venture to say, without fear of contradiction, that it was, instrumentally, the parent of the Bible Society. We have much cause for thanksgiving, that, by means of the establishment of that Society, the Scriptures have been translated into so many languages, not only among civilized, but hea. then nations also. A writer has very justly asked, “ Are we to expect that our Bibles will spread their covers for wings, fly through the world, and convert the nations without the agency of Christians ?” We may, I think, very fairly answer that question by asking, “ How shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard ?-and how shall they hear without a preacher ?-and how shall they preach except they be sent ?” Blessed be God! our missionaries have gone forth-they have laboured long-they have laboured hard --and, I think I may venture to say, they have laboured successfully. We have seen especially what has been done in regard to the South Sea Islands, and other distant parts of the world, and we believe that the time is fast hastening when the kingdoms of this world shall become the kingdoms of our
Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.
It is not my intention to trespass on your time, because, happily for me and you, I am surrounded by a great number of gentlemen who are well qualified to support and advocate this holy cause. Allow me, however, just to drop one word. I trust that, as this must be considered a religious meeting, all allusions of a political nature will be avoided. I will now call on one of the Secretaries to read the report.
The Rev. J. Clayton then rose and said: Before I present the interesting documents which I hold in my hand, I throw myself upon the candour and kindness of the Chair, while I ask permission to offer one or two remarks to the large assembly now convened within the room. I believe it is well under. stood, by all who are in the habit of conducting these public meetings, that the Secretaries of your Institution should, on such an occasion as this, somewhat resemble the springs of the watches in your pockets. They are to be comparatively unseen, except, so far as they may be called to explain circumstances which require elucidation, and to make a distinct enunciation of the report for the year. With regard to the laiter duty, that naturally devolves upon me this year, and most cheerfully should I proceed, but for two reasons; the first of which relates to myself, since I am exceedingly enfeebled, in consequence of a recent attack of indisposition, which almost disqualifies me for a public appearance; and the second, relating to a valuable individual who will assist me in the engagements of this con. secrated hour-an individual well known to the friends of all missions, and to the friends of this Society in particular, as one of the most powerful advocates of the missionary cause from the pulpit, from the platform, and the press. The individual to whom I allude is he who has been the principal instrument in assisting in the Foreign Secretary depart. ment of this Institution for the last few months, and who has also been particularly engaged in the construction of the report-1 mean the Rev. W. Ellis. I also cast myself on your kindness while I make one addic tional remark. It may happen that, in the course of our proceedings this morning, there may be an allusion to one or two topics which may excite not only powerful, but very painful, feelings in the mind of every Christian. I trust we shall all carefully recollect, therefore, that religion is given not only to excite our affections and passions, but also to discipline and to control them, and keep them under due and proper subordination ; and also to empower us so to conduct our public meetings, in conformity with the principle suggested from the chair, as to leave upon the popular mind an impression of the piety of their character. "We
are assembled together to advocate the cause of God-to advance the best interests of millions—and thus to promote the glory of Him who gave himself for the sin of the world. I venture, therefore, to express my confident anticipation, that, with a certain holy guard kept upon our minds, this meeting, in particular, will be distinguished by its sacreà intelligence, by its sacred fire, and by its sacred affection too; and that, in the exercise of deep gratitude to God, and of a kind, charitable, and catholic feeling one towards another, we shall bring our Association into a nearer resemblance than ever to that of the angels of light and blessed spirits above, who dwell in those happy regions of love and peace, of which we go often sing in our Christian assemblies.
Rev. Messrs. Clayton and Ellis, then, in succession, read an abstract of the Annual Report, the leading features of which (and we are desirous that all the members of the Society should particularly notice this statement) were the DECEASE OF MISSIONARIES, the DIMINUTION OF FUNDS, and IMPORTANT OPENINGS FOR EXTENDED OPERATIONS, each of them presenting powerful motives for in. creased efforts on behalf of the Society.
W. Alers Hankey, Esq. then stood forward to present the cash account, from which it appeared that the total ordinary receipts of the Society, during the past year, amounted to £34,568 3s. . 8d.; and for special objects £517 3s. 2d.; and the expenditure to £39,240 10s. 7d. The Society had been under the necessity of selling £3,700 Exchequer bills, and was now in debt to the Treasurer the sum of £852 8s. Id.; such is the summary (continued Mr. Ilankey) of your financial affairs. Happy should I have been, in performing this concluding act of my office, if I had had it in my power to tell you that the two branches of your prosperity had run in pa. rallel lines, and thus have sustained those feelings of gratification which the former part of the report cannot but have excited in your . minds. But such is not the case. You have had prosperity in that which lies nearest to your heart—in that which it has been for the honour of God himself to confer upon you. All that you could expect on his part has been performed, for you have heard of the success of your operations in every quarter of the world. With regard to that part of the prospects of the Society which has been dependent on the zeal and the efforts of man, that certainly has fallen short; for the in. i come of the Society, including all its branches, has been this year £6,300 less than it was last year. But one part of it has not at all depended upon any human arrangements. That portion resulting from legacies has been short this year £2,740 of what it was last year. But we have to congratulale ourselves that our friends are living, and will dispense
with their own hands those benefits to the and your opinion will be proved in a short time Society which, in case of their removal to a by the vote that you will pass upon it. The better world, in which they could not have financial report rises up to tell you in what the honour of contributing to the cause of manner and to what degree you have fulfilled God on earth, they had intended to leave as the obligations which you have voluntarily a lasting memorial of their attachment to laid yourselves under to them. From the your Institution. But there is nothing in experience that I have had in the manthe statement that I have read that makes it agement of your affairs, I can truly tell you necessary to utter a single note of despon that the directors need not the addition to dency. It is true that the voluntary part of their ordinary labours of the care and anxithe subscriptions, which are the best indi. ety which a deficiency in the funds must cation and index of the zeal of the churches necessarily throw upon them. Your affairs,
in supporting the Society-I mean those that so far as they are secular, bear a commercial - arise from personal subscriptions and other character ; and I will tell you what is plain
contributions— has fallen short of the pre- fact and truth, that your business can no more exceding year to a serious amount : such I will be managed successfully with defective funds house call it, for it is no less than £3,500; and I than any other commercial establishment can nam quite sure there is no one who hears me be with insufficient capital; and therefore,
that will not think it a subject of very consi. as this is not a thing dependent upon the Foderable diminution of satisfaction ; because option nor upon the inclination of those
that which ought to have been progressing, charged with your affairs, I beg you will : like the other parts of the Society's interests, take it seriously into consideration, and feel en has, on the contrary, been retrograding. But it is your duty to take care that the directors
1 say this only as a means of stimulating to of the Society have both ample and timely those future exertions that will be more than supplies of funds for the maintenance of adequate to counterbalance all the deficien their necessary engagements on its behalf. cies of the past year. I trust that will be one I have another fact to state to you, and of the bappy results of the meeting of this that is, that the expenditure of the past important day. The very idea of relaxation year has exceeded that of the preceding year in the cause in which we have embarked is by about £1,050. Now this is a very mowholly inadmissible. There can only be derate increase, and I have always held out two legitimate grounds for such relaxation- . to you that excess in each year is the proone of which is, that the cause has lost its per and natural course of your affairs. So importance in the esteem of the Christian long as they are going on prosperously there
community, and the other, that the end we is no impeding this progress, because every ett had in
had in view has been fully accomplished. where success generates a necessity for adCo Will any of us say that either of these is the ditional expenses. An increase of schools
case? Surely not. It, therefore, only re is requisite, and various other things, and this mains for us constantly to go forward and necessarily leads the missionaries to call make progress, till the object which the So upon your directors for larger supplies, the Ciely, not only from principle but from affec refusal of which would frustrate their intention, embraces has been fully accomplished. tion and impede their operations. But how is The Society is advancing in its most impor this necessary advancement of your funds to tant interests; the reports that we are receive be attained ? Not merely as the effect of a ing from day to day are cheering in the high temporary excitement. Showers, which may est degree, and encouraging to our Christian fall into your reservoirs in such seasons as ettoits. Truly I can say this is not the day those, are soon exhausted, because they canfor relaxation in any one of those objects not be expected to be seasonably supplied. that are necessary to our final and complete But allow me to tell you what it is that that success. Addressing you, therefore, as a Soci: excitement ought really to produce. It ought
ety, and after having sustained so long the office to lead the individual, under the influence of base which which I have done in it, I beg to tell you, those holy feelings to which just excitement
ociety through always contributes, to sav. What shall I ren. 03' you, that you are not only under obligations der unto the Lord ? That is the question
to God, but you have come under obligations to which the slightest consideration of our obman. There is an implied and strong en ligations, not to say serious deliberation upgagement subsisting between yourselves as on them, will propose. It is a question ada Society, and those to whom you charge with dressed to conscience, to the feelings, to the the management of your affairs. You expect moral sense of each individual, and, there. from them fidelity and zeal, and you pledge fore, it is a question not to be resolved and to them an adequate degree of support in all satisfied, as it were, by the mere act of a mutheir well-intended measures. The report ment, but it is to be taken into the closet,
that has been made to you will be, as it where the whole import of it is to be weigh927 were, the Judge between you. That report ed; and after the individual has reviewed
will tell you how far the directors have done what God has done for him, and requires of lheur duty in the management of your affairs; him, let him act upon the answer which
; ing from
cooler and all the members of
conscience dictates ; and then, I apprehend, with submision to my reverend friends around -to whom I oughi not to preach--the inquirer will have found a genuine and legiti. mate application of the text.
Now, I trust there is no need whatever for any further remarks from me, but, before I sit down, I must say that my esteemed friend, who is to be my successor in the office of treasurer, will feel the need of an increased attention on your part to the obli. gations that I have thus endeavoured, though feebly, to point out-I mean not only in an ample, but also in a timely supply and recruiting of the Society's resources. In the situation in which I stood, connected with commercial life, which my friend is not, I had opportunities and facilities, which I was always happy to employ, of rendering assis. tance to the cause in seasons of need, and thus economizing the resources of the society, which an individual not in a similar situation cannot have. Therefore, I beg to say, on behalf of my esteemed friend and successor in office, that you must, if you please, be more attentive to him in the management of his department than it was necessary that you should be towards myself. I have been in der very large advances indeed, from time to time, which you cannot expect to receive, under different circumstances, from similar resources; and very, very sorry shvuld I be to see the affairs of the Society cramped in any way from a defect in the required supplies. Having thus acquitted myself, in some measure, of the obligation I felt myself under to address you on these topics, and fulfilled what my regard for the interests of the Society has led me to state, I beg your acceptance of that part of the report which it has been my duty, and, as I esteem it, my privilege, also, to present on this occasion.
Josiah CONDEN, Esq., moved the follow. ing Resolution:
I. That the Report which has been read, and which contains ample materials to excite devout thankfulness to God, for his continued smiles on the operations of the Society be accepted and printed in the usual form.
Josiah CONDER, Esq., in rising to move the first resolution, spoke to the following effect:--I will not waste one moment of the precious time of this audience by expressing what I nevertheless feel most deeply, my in adequacy to discharge the duty which the kindness of the committee has imposed upon me. The motion which has been put into my hands, points out what is the feeling which every speaker upon this platform ought to endeavour to excite in his own heart, and in the hearts of those whom he ad. dresses. Devout gratitude to God is, in, deed, the element at once of humility--that humility which especially becomes us when
engaged in such a cause as this. It is also the element of zeal and activity. I might appeal to you all, whether the report does not, according to the language of the motion, con- nie tain ample materials to excite devout thanks giving to God. Truly was it observed, in the report, that the era in which we live is the most important era the world has ever seen in since the apostolic age ; and, if it will not be trespassing too much on your time, I love would take a hasty retrospect of the past, in order to contrast the circumstances attending our missions, at this moment, with what they would have been about a century ago, had the they then been established ; for it is only by a contrast of this kind that we can arrive at a correct idea of the real aspect of the times, and the real position which this coun. try occupies. When I reflect, indeed, what would have been the gratification of the founders of this society, could they, thirtyseven years ago, have conceived it possible that such a meeting as this would have been assembled upon such an occasion ; I feel astonished at the wonderful progress which will the cause has made within that short space. If of time. But allow me to ask you to place yourselves, in imagination, in the political condition in which you would have been one 2 hundred years ago. At that period, as you ses must be well aware, there was not, strictly what speaking, a single Protestant Missionary Social ety in operation. * With the exception, at least, Fortug of the Danish Mission in the south of India, 12,2 every Christian mission among the heatne was a Roman Catholic Mission, and the trov only religion in the world that was not make ing progress, was the Protestant faith. One 302
* The Society for the Propagation of the '75 ( Gospel in Foreign Parts, incorporated in th 1701, was formed for the purpose of sup« Lumi plying the British colonies with Episcopal Keptre ministers and schoolmasters; and though some attempts were made to bring the Mo-3:20 hawk Indians under Christian instruction, de the design was soon abandoned, and the cost operations of the society among the heathen Spa of have been very inconsiderable. In 1709,baina the Society in Scotland, for Propagating til for Christian knowledge, was established, the heels chief design of which was the extension of ass religion in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland. By this society also, between a paydo 1732 and 1772, some feeble attempts were the made to establish missions on the borders of an New England among the Indians ; but they are were unsuccessful, and were soon relin- tier Change quished. But the first society formed with the express view of planting Christianity in Foreign parts, was ihe society or company for the propagation of the gospel in New England, constituted under the sanction of an act of parliament in 1646, and re-established by royal charter in 1663. This society originated with the Puritans or None