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I, therefore, had the pleasure of receiving six hundred gospels. The Religious Tract Sociely not long ago sent me two thousand tracts in Teloogoo, among which were several hundreds of new tracts viz., on the Creation, the Fall of Man, and some of the late Swartz Dialogues, translated from the Tamil, which are in every way suited to give those, under Christian instruction, a just account of the nature and excellencies of the Christian religion; and at the same time to expose to public view the folly and absurdity of the pagan religion. As stated above, I have had more applications of late for copies of the Scriptures and religious tracts than in any former period since I have been labouring among the people here ; and I trust the spirit of inquiry is becoming more and more general among all classes who can read, though I must except the Brahmins; their opposition to the spread of Christian knowledge is what every missionary must expect, because by it their craft is in danger. Ignorance, delusion, pride, error, and unbelief, are the pillars which support their abominable system ; but, notwithstanding their de. termined opposition to the Christian religion, the streams which make glad the city of God, and which will, under the Divine blessing, turn the barren desert into a fruitful field, are conveying their benign influence secretly among the native population of this place and neighbourhood"; "and, when it shall please God to pour down the influence of the Holy Spirit, these heavenly streams, which at present the enemies of our religion cannot perceive, will become a mighty current, and carry the delusions of the people, and the prejudices of the Brahmins, into oblivion. At a late native feast I gave each of the school teachers a supply of a few gospels, and many tracts, and requested them to converse with those who generally, on such occasions, come to the school. houses, and to ascertain who could read, and were desirous to obtain those books, and give them a supply. Persons from the country are more disposed to receive our books than those in this place. By these means I endeavour to put many books into circulation by my own hand, and that of others, and hope to find, ere long, that much good has been derived from the perusal of them.
(Signed) James Dawson.
informed you that, with the gracious help of my God, I had translated the Gospel by John into the Caffer language-referred to some facts which led me to hope that better times for spreading the gospel among this people were approaching-and to the increased number of them resident at the station; and also mentioned the distinct departments of labour occupied according to mutual agreement, by Mr. Brownlee and myself, respectively.
I have now to add the following particu. lars :-A Caffer, who lived at the station, has, since the 12th of August last, held prayer-meetings in his house, after the Sabbath evening service, and, not unfrequently, twice also during the week days; in these exercises he is joined by some Caffers and Finkoes, who likewise reside at the station. As his house is situated very near to the fruitgarden, which belongs to, and surrounds our own dwelling, I am able to hear them singing and praying every time they meet. I sometimes hear three of them pray in turns. . Oh! I thank my gracious Lord for what my ears hear at those times. Sometimes my own heart unites with them in prayer, being very joyful in the Lord, who, I doubt not, will, through the blessing of the Holy Ghost, bring good out of these meetings. On one of these occasions I observed that the meeting had been attended by twelve persons, of both sexes. In the same house I often hear, late in the evening and very early in the morning, the voice of prayer from the Caffer and his wife, who reside there. I am led to believe, by conversation with this Caffer, and with others concerning him, that he is not far from the kingdom of heaven. Some time ago he said to me and my Brother Brownlee, “I feel that there is in my heart no good thing—that I know nothing and that I am a great sinner.” Our Finko, also, is now convinced that he cannot help himself, and that none can help him but the gracious Lord. For some time after he was awakened to a sense of his sinfulness, he sought peace by a more attentive performance of his duties; but at that time he thought God would have been unjust had he executed upon him the threatening of eternal damnation. But now he sees and acknowledges that his sins are many, and that there is no help for him, but in the mercy of God.
The good attendance of the Caffers on the Sabbath, during the former part of the year, as noticed in my last letter, has continued to the present time. On some Sabbaths the church was so full, both morning and afternoon, that a number of persons were unable to obtain admission. Sometimes the Caffers assemble half an hour before the service begins, and of these a considerable propor. tion take their seats in the church. A good part of the congregation appear to be very attentive to what is read or addressed to them; and, in the Sabbath evening service,
CAFFRARIA. Letter of the Rev. F. Gottlob Kayser, Mission
ary at Buffalo River, Caffraria, dated 9th December, 1831 ; addressed to the Directors. Honoured FATHERS AND Brethren,
I hope that my last letter, of the 23rd of June, ultimo, has reached you. I therein
sleep for the night; and that he understood their petitions, and was so much afiected thereby that he wept, feeling the power of the truth in his heart; but (added he) all those good impressions have been since taken away by Satan. The old captain was then shown that this way was his own fault.
Our school, I am happy to say, is increasing. Six adults visit the school, and manifest an earnest desire to learn. Two of them are able to read a little, and one writes a good hand. The school is kept open five days of the week; the sixth day is usually occupied in visiting the Caffer-kraals. The number of children and adults who attend the Sabbath-school is about thirty.
I have not yet finished the translation of the Acts of the Apostles into the Caffer language ; but I hope to complete it in about three months. I now commend ourselves, and the spread of the holy gospel, to your prayers and supplications at the throne of grace; and I am, &c. &c.,
(Signed) F. GOTTLOB KAYSER.
sometimes four or five persons will give, to the questions put to them, such suitable and pleasing answers, that I go home with my heart full of gratitude and joy for what my God hath graciously effected by his Holy Spirit. Oh ! may his name soon be glorified here ; for a new enemy has risen up against the word of Life, in a woman, who is the third wife of a Caffer chief, that lives very near to this station. This woman, after a long absence, has at length returned home. She attempts to perform cures, and to draw the people away from church, saying to them, "When I cease beating the skin (Caffer drum), for dancing and singing, then I open my Bible.” On one occasion I met her at the kraal, when she addressed me, saying, "I know all that you can tell me;" but when I asked her, “What do you know?”. she was silent; and afterwards, when I in structed the other women, she manifested great indifference.
As to my manner of catechising the people, to which I referred in my last, I shall only mention at present a short conversation (extracted from my Journal) I had with the old chief Tzatzoe, who is often present on those occasions. On the 2nd of July, I addressed the men on the following question" Where. in does man sin against God?” When, in his turn, the question was put to old Tzatzoe, he endeavoured to persuade us, that he had no sin, adding, that if there was any case in which he had done wrong, it was the fault of Satan--consequently, that it was Satan who was the guilty person, and not he himself. He was then asked whether, when he performed the duties of reigning chief, and it hape pened that two men were brought before him, both of whom had committed theft, and one of whom had seduced the other to do the wrong, whether, in such case, he had puhished only one of the men, viz., the man who hud led the other into sin? “No, no, (replied old Tsatzoe), I punished both.” It was then explained to him, that God would act in a similar manner towards all men, who complied with the temptations of Satan, and worked evil. On which he called out, "Au! au! &c.” which was as much as to say, “On, is this so ?-- then I am convinced !”
On another occasion, when I was catechising the people on Acts vii. 56-59, the old chief was also present, and, in answer to one of the questious put, inquired why the people stoned Stephen to deaih? After the reason had been explained to him, he again asked, How could they kill a man because he had merely preached to them the word of God?--and why did God permit them to do it? On this, he was reminded of the fight of the late Di. Vanderkemp out of Caffraria ; on which he acknowledged that, when he was at Bethelsdorp, in the house of Dr. Vanderkemp, he heard some persons engaged in prayer, after he himself had laid down to
(Continued from page 165.) Extracts of letters froin Rev. David Johns, lo Rev. David Jones, accompanying the above.
My Dear Brotier, I send you the above copies, knowing that you will feel interested in them ; for they come not from those with whom you were well acquainted, but from your children whom you have laboured for so many years to instruct in the principles of Christianity. You have been sowing for years, but I reap at present the benefit of your labours. But be sure of this, that you will not lose your reward ; and it is plain to me that you have not laboured for nought. The seed which you have sown springs up now, and we hope we shall see a plenteous harvest ere long.
Our new chapel is nearly completed. We opened it for divine service on the 5th of June, ult. (1831), and baptized seven persons on the same day. You know some of them, if not all; and of the number were the old diviner (Impisikidy) and his wife, whom I mentioned in a foriner letter to it. He was baptized by the name of Paul, which was by his own choice. He is a very active and zealous man, and has been already the means of drawing many to our chapel. We have now about twelve in the society. They are instructed as candidates for communion. We are very cautious with regard to those whom we receive, as you well know the ne. cessity of our being so here. We intend to have them advanced well in knowledge, before they be received. There is one old woman among them who is about seventy years of age; and, were you to converse with her, I am sure you would feel great pleasure; but she is very ignorant yet of the way of salvation. But we must do the best we can to improve her, for who knows but that she was one of those whom God loved “ with an everlasting love”?-and, as she says herself, it will be a most astonishing instance of divine grace, if this old brand be saved out of the burning.
David Johns. Extract of a letter from a native preacher of
the Gospel, who entered the school on the 20th of November, 1820, addressed to the Rev.
taught me to know in the word of God. Therefore I thank you now for having in. structed me. My father and mother, my brothers and sisters, have never done me so much good as your instructions. What I have received from them is like the mist, in comparison to the instructions from you ; for by yours, I was taught and instructed in the word relative to the master of life, and in the knowledge of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. This knowledge is truly happiness, and life to all. The good you have done me is beyond what I can recompense you for, except it be that I pray unto God to reward you. I hope, if I shall not meet you any more here on earth, I shall meet you in the presence of God, after Jesus will come on the clouds of heaven to judge all men. I shall never forget you wherever I go, and wherever I remain on earth, Saith your son,
Antananarivo 1, Adaora
i. e. April 12th, 1831. I wish you all five every happiness ; namely, Mr. Jones, Madam, and Lucy, Eliza, and Elizabeth. I desire to know how you are Mr. Jones? Are you recovered from your illness, saith your son LAs to myself I am very well. I have received your good letter to me. I tell you that I am still very happy learning the word of God, and teaching others who know not what I have learut. Do not forget me in your prayers, that God would give me his Holy Spirit to aid me in teaching my fellowcreatures his holy word with boldness. I hope that many among the Madagascars, where you have been labouring hard above ten years, will be brought to believe in Christ through the blessing of God. We now preach the gospel with boldness to the people, and that without shame. There are five places in Antananarivo where we preach every Sabbath, and there are many people who receive instruction from us. Besides this, we go out into the country in rotation to preach every Sabbath. Peace be unto you, my father, saith your son LI shall never forget you with whom I learnt first to know Christ,
Saith your son,
ARRIVAL OF MISSIONARIES OUTWARDS. We have already announced the arrival of the Rev. Mr. Hands, with his family, at Madras, on his return to Bellary, after a visit to this country for the benefit of his health, during which he was enabled to perform various important and useful services for the Society. The following are extracts from his letter, to which reference is made in the announcement referred to.
A letter from a native preacher, who entered the school in June, 1821, to the same.
Antananarivo, 1 Adaora
i. e. April 12, 1831. Dear FATIER, I wish you and your family every happiness. How are you now? I send you my salutation until we meet, and may God bless you until we see each other again. As to myself I am free from illness and indisposi. tion. Many of the scholars are brought to improve their learning for good, and there are crowds of people who attend to hear the gospel every Sabbath ; for now there is a wide door opened. I have my hopes in Jesus Christ the Redeemer, whom you
Letter of Rev. John Hands, Missionary at
Bellary, dated at Madras, 30th September, 1831, addressed to the Treasurer.
MY DEAR SIR. I cannot express the pleasure I feel in being able to address you once more from the shores of India. After a voyage of only three months and two days, from the Land's End, we reached Madras in health and safety on the 22nd, instant, Every day of our voyage was fraught with goodness and mercy; our captain kind, fellow-passengers obliging and agreeable, and our ship an admirable sailing-vessel. Some stormy weather we encountered in rounding the Cape ; but every gale we experienced was in our favour, and helped us onwards towards our destined port. Many opportunities of usefulness, during our voyage, were afforded us, and I hope, they were, in some measure, improved.
While we have been so graciously preserved, death has been making sad ravages here, of late, among our fellow-missionaries and friends. Dear brother Jennings is gone to his rest. Brother Smith has lost his ex: cellent wife, and Madras has experienced &
public loss in the death of the Rev Mr. Ridsdale, a most zealous, devoted, and holy missionary, belonging to the Church Society.* We mourn, also, the removal of others, among whom is the late excellent Bishop of Calcutta, whose visit to Madras yielded much delight to our brethren · here. Oh, that these mysterious dispensations of Providence may suitably influence the minds of those of us who are still spared, and rouse us to greater diligence and watchfulness ! Our brother Buyers came on shore with us on the 22nd., preached for brother Smith, in the Black-Town chapel, on the 25th., and the next day embarked again, and proceeded 20 Calcutta. He will, I trust, prove an invaluable missionary. The more we saw of him, the more we loved him.
From various causes, I shall be unavoidably detained at Madras for a month or two; but I long greatly to be at home, and in our own field of labour.
Brother Reeve is here, labouring bard at his Canarese Dictionary, and supplying Dr. Laurie's place in the Scots Church on Sabbath mornings, and preaching in brother Smith's chapel, to crowded congregations, on the Sabbath evenings. We have just got a letter from Bellary; all friends there are well, and greatly rejoiced to hear of our arrival here.
. (Signed) John Hands.
Chinsurah, he resumed his useful labours in the Mission, and in the superintendence of the Government schools at that station, which labours he was enabled, with but slight interruptions, to prosecute with his accustomed assiduity and diligence, till the early part of last year, when the state of his health exhibited serious symptoms of decline. As Mr. Lacroix's letter has not been as yet received, we, at present, can insert only the following communication from the Rev. Mr. Higgs, of Chinsurah, who had lately become Mr. Pearson's colleague at that station. Extracts from a Letter of the Pev. Thomas K.
Higgs, dated Chinsurah, 1st of December, 1831, addressed to the Rev. H. Townley.
REVEREND AND DEAR SIR, I have the painful duty devolving upon me, to send an account of the very low state to which it has pleased our heavenly Father to reduce the mission at this station. Before this comes to hand, you will have received, per the Mountstuart Elphinstone, a letter from brother Lacroix, containing the particulars of the departure of our beloved and valued brother Pearson.
As he noticed, in his last communication to the Directors, bearing date, April, 1831, he was at that time in a declining state of health, and found the wet season this year affect him so distressingly, as to determine him to try the effect of an excursion to the Sand Heads, in hopes that, by the blessing of the Lord, his health and strength might be restored, and he be enabled to resume the labours in which he truly delighted. With this intention, he left Chinsurah the latter end of August, and embarked on board the Hon. Company's pilot schooner, Henry Meriton, Mr. Heritage commander, who treated him with the greatest kindness, and had invited him to spend two months on board the schooner. But the weather was so rough, and our dear brother so much reduced, that he was under the necessity of returning almost immediately, in a very distressing and emaciated condition.
He then obtained medical advice, and, as soon as he was able, left Chinsurah for Calcutta, for the benefit of further advice; the medical practitioner here having strongly recommended, as absolutely necessary, a trip to England or the Cape. On his arrival" in Calcutta, and consulting with Dr. Vos, he gave it as his opinion, that he should without delay proceed by the first vessel to Europe, and regretted that he had not before embarked, as he considered it questionable if he should live to reach to England. Under these circumstances, he ap. plied to government for leave of absence for
DEATH OF MISSIONARIES.
REV. J. D. PEARSON. It is with feelings of deep concern the Directors inform the members of the Society, of the death of the Rev. Mr. Pearson, its late valuable Missionary at Chinsurah, on the 8th of November last. The particulars of this unexpected and mournful event, they are daily expecting to receive in a letter from the Rev. Mr. Lacroix, who for some time laboured as a fellow-missionary with Mr. Pearson, at Chinsurah, and was with him in his last moments. Mr. Pearson originally embarked as a Missionary for India in 1816. In 1829, his much-impaired health rendered it absolutely necessary, that he should visit Eutope with a view to its restoration. He arrived in England in April, 1824 ; and returned to India in a greatly-improved state of health in June, 1826. On his arrival at
* To which melancholy catalogue (so far as the Society and India are concerned) are now added, Mr. Adam, of Calcutta, Mr. Pearson, of Chinsiirah, Mr. H. Crisp, of Sa. lem, and Mrs. Thompson, of Quilon.-ED.
three years, which was very kindly and rea. dily granted ; and I was recognised as the acting superintendent of the government schools during that period, and every preparation was made for his departure in the Mountstuart Elphinstone. But it was the will of the Lord, that his bones should rest in that land, in which his energies had been spent in endeavouring to promote the cause of the Redeemer, till the morning of the resurrection.
The particulars of his death have, I sup. pose, been fully communicated by brother Lacroix, who was with him when he died. lle left a decided testimony to the truth of the holy gospel, and, with a calm composure, and unwavering confidence, commitied his spirit into the hands of his adored Redeemer, --his end was peace.
By this affecting stroke of Divine Provi. dence, I am now left here quite alone, unable to engage fully in missionary work. All that I can do among the heathen is to distribute tracts. When I attempt to speak to them, I cannot make them understand me; and I have had a great interruption to my studies in attending to the affairs of our late brother, and in having the whole of the English services for some time past devolving on me.
It is a source of unspeakable grief to me, when I look around upon the people here, and consider, here is a station where may be found thousands of heathen perishing without the knowledge of the way of salvation, and no one who is able to point them to the only Saviour of sinners, the Lamb of God, who taketh away the sins of the world. May I hope that, ere this letter is received, some considerable additions may be made to the number of labourers in Bengal, and particularly to this station. You, my dear Sir, well know what the station is, and the teeming population by which we are surrounded; and, now that it is a regular military station, it appears desirable that the usual English services should, if possible, be kept up, as there are so many of our own countrymen here, the greater part of whom are far from God, and destitute of the knowledge of his ways. We have at present three services in the week in Englishı; but I fear, without assistance is afforded, * I must be under the necessity of diminishing them, as it is so great an hindrance in endeavouring to acquire fitness for decidedly missionary employment.
The long-desired period has at length arrived, when, through the gracious providence of an indulgent God, I can say we have a
mission chapel at Chinsurah. The building is very neat, the dimensions on the inside 50 feet by 30, and the expenses of its erection are nearly collected. The accounts are not yet closed; but I suppose there is now a deficiency of about 400 or 500 rupees, which I hope will be soon collected. It was opencd for divine worship on Thursday evening, Nov. 17th, on which occasion the Rev. A. F. Lacroix read the history of the dedication of Solomon's temple, 2 Chron. vii., and offered up the introductory prayer; and the Rev. J. Hill preached from Isa. xxviii. 16: “Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner-stone, a sure foundation : he that believeth shall not make haste.” It was a highly interesting and, I trust, profitable occasion. But there was, of necessity, a feeling of peculiar awe pervading the services, when each must have had it powerfully impressed upon his mind, that The faithful servant of the Lord to whom, under God, we are principally indebted for the erection of the building, was consigned to the silent grave about a week before the service was held ; not being spared to wit. ness that pleasing proof of the success of his efforts.“ On the following Sabbath morning, Nov. 20, the Rev. A. F. Lacroix improved the decease of our beloved brother in the new chapel from Phil. i. 21: "For me to live is Christ, and to die is gain ;"-passage peculiarly appropriate to the occasion, and from which he had himself preach. ed almost his last sermon to the European congregation.
Oh, my dear Sir, pray for us, that all wlio are now in the field may become efficient missionaries, and that we may be excited to renewed zeal, and greater energy, as our numbers are diminished by the hand of death ; and that the great Lord of the harvest would send forth more labourers into his harvest !
With respect to myself, I have to acknowledge, with unfeigned gratitude to the God of all our mercies, the great blessings he has conferred on me. I have now been more than thirteen months in India, and with thankfulness I would record that, on the whole, my health has been as good as I could reasonably have expected to enjoy in my native land, and I am happy to add that the families of my brethren at Calcutta have cause for gratitude in the measure of heallil they enjoy.
(Signed) Thomas K. Higgs.
* The Rev. Mr. Mundy, who has been for some time in England for the benefit of his health, is expected to embark for India in the ensuing July, for the purpose of resuming his useful labours at Chinsural. Ed.
We delay the press to insert the letter of
We delay the press to the Rev. Mr. Lacroix, mentioned by Mr. Higgs in the preceding communication, which we have just received. While the members of the Society at large will participate in our disappointment that it does not add to the particulars of the late