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because it is the reading of the Hebrew; their own determination; when they will but I added, in cominon fairness, the note be at full liberty to do as they choose in of the Doway version, as giving the rea. that respect : that we direct them not to son why that version reads differently ; introduce the Scriptures during hours more especially as the majority of manu. which are appropriated to the cominon scripts read gue, consormably to the Vul branches of education, because their gate. The reference in the note is mani. doing so would exclude children from the festly to Eve, the woman immediately be benefit of education whose parents are fore spoken of, and not to the Virgin averse to their reading the Scriptures Mary, the introduction of whose name is without interpretation, and in the meanMr. Gordon's own invention. The latter while we are preparing such extracts from clause of the verse I wrote, “Thou shalt Scripture as will furnish to all the chillie in wait for his heel ;' as being nearer dren a large portion of scriptural knowthe Hebrew than the authorized version, ledge, and which, being recommended by although, perhaps, a closer translation the Board, consisting partly of persons than either may be found and adopted. in whom Roman Catholics have confi
“There is some approach to truth in dence, will be received by many who Mr. Gordon's statement, that Roman would not consent to read the authorised Catholics will not receive a book of ex. version. The Government plan lays no tracts from the authorized version of obstacle of any importance in the way of Scripture. They will not receive such a any children reading the Scriptures whose book, which is, by principle, exclusively parents do, bona fide, desire that they in the language of that version. But the should read them. But most of the Protwo Roman Catholic members upon the testant education institutions attempt to Board have no difficulty in acting along compel Roman Catholic children to read with the five (not two, as Mr. Gordon as the Bible, under the penalty of forfeiting serts) Protestant members, in drawing up the whole education afforded by them. a book expressing the sense of the origi. Now this appears to me a most pernicious nal in the language of either of the two system. The consequence has been, that versions, or in language which the Board although a considerable number, as it may prefer to either. Nor do they re- would appear, of Roman Catholic chilquire any note of a controversial nature dren have, under these circumstances, to be added to the text. I repeat, that if attended the Kildare Place schools, no the note above alluded to is to be regard healing influence has flowed from them ed as controversial, the introduction of it over the face of the country. The two in the proof-sheet was my doing, without parties are, perhaps, at the present moany suggestion from them. I need scarce- ment, more embittered than they ever ly add, that the Board have neither the were. The very Bible, placed in such a power nor the wish to force any book position, fails to produce its proper efupon either Roman Catholics or Protest. fects. The reading of it is viewed as ants. They never proposed to render the part of a price paid for education ; while reception of any particular book a sine no explanation of it being permitted, no quá nion in the schools aided by them. application of it made to the consciences The idea of force being applied is another of the children, no prayer accompanying of Mr. Gordon's inventions.
it, the enlightening, purifying, elevating, “Much clamour has been raised about healing influences of it are totally lost. our taking away the Scriptures from Pro- The Bible is thus converted into a party testants, and refusing them to Roman book, and the reading of it into a party Catholics. The fact stands thus :- In the symbol; and thus the very food which a first place, we take away the Scriptures merciful God has provided for the souls from no school whatever; because we of men, has, in this country, been conhave no power to interfere with any school verted into the gall of asps. till its conductors, of their own accord, “ You may wonder at the loud and ape make application to us. In the next parently general outcry that is made in place, if the conductors of a school who Ireland against us. I shall endeavour to wish the Scriptures to be read apply to explain some portion of it: In the first us, we suggest to them to assemble those place, there is a party who would not children whose parents desire that they consent to the circulation of the whole i should read the Scriptures, before the re- Bible by the Board so long as there is a gular hour of school business, or to de. Roman Catholic upon it, or any other tain them after it, the hours being left to whose religious principles they do not
approve; among these, I believe, is Mr. Gordon himself, who has seceded from the Bible Society on these principles; so that nothing would satisfy him and his party, but the education of Ireland being placed in their own hands. Secondly, there is a party who would not be satis fied with the introduction of the whole Bible into the schools, unless the Board consisted exclusively of members of the Established Church: this is manifest also from their having kept aloof from the Bible Society ever since its establishment, avowedly because it receives Dissenters on an equal footing with members of the Establishment. - Thirdly, there is a party who will be satisfied with no system of education, with or without the Scriptures, which connes forth under the anspices of the present administration. This is evident froin their mingling the subject of education with that of reform, of tithes, and other subjects which have no cono Dexion except as they are viewed in connexion with the measures of the present ministry. Nothing, I should suppose, could have induced noblemen and geutlemen of high character to submit arzuments respecting the Bible and scriptural education to assemblies of Orangemen, amidst a display of party flags, and au accompaniment of party tunes, which have long been signals for strife and bloodshed, but their conceiving that they were making out a case against the present Government. Fourthly, There is a party who are stimulated by an hereditary antipathy to Roman Catholics, and who are enraged beyond measure to see a Roman Catholic prelate sitting as a member of a Board, acting under the directions of Government, or any Roman Ca. tholic aiding in the disbursement of the public funds. Fifthly, There is a large party who do not think for themselves, but who have been misled by the exaggerated and distorted representations of these four parties; a good specimen of which you have in Mr. Gordon's speech. These will decrease as the truth becomes known. Any one of these causes of hos tility might blind the judgment of a strong man; but when a man is under the influence of several of them at the same moment, you cannot wonder at the extreme violence and extravagance which some have manifested. Sixthly, After all these are accounted for, there is a remnant of highly estimable persons, some of whom decidedly dissent from the Government plan, others of whom stand in doubt about
it; and it has been one of the severest trials of stedfastness to principle that I have ever undergone, that I have felt my. self compelled to adopt, and to persevere in, a course which such persons disapprove of. I would not, however, by any means be understood as intimating that I stand alone among those with whom I have been accustomed to co-operate. There are many eminently pious individuals with me, boob here and in Britain. I trust my motives are simple and scriptural. If they be otherwise, I pray that God may open mine eyes to my error, and direct me to a course of conduct more consonant to His will. I have no interest in continuing with the Board but duty to the Government of the country, in lending them my best assistance in prosecuting what I conceive to be not only a lawful but a wise and just measure, and the hope of promoting the peace and well-being of a people who have too long been subjected to a treatment which, in every point, has outraged the first principles of Christianity. At a time when the legitimate authorities of the empire are bearded and threatened by two opposite factions, equally unscrupulous in their measures, and equally regardless of bloodshed, I would not, for all my worldly interests, assume an attitude towards them that might be construed into coldness or disrespect. The King, acting by his representatives, is my father, whom I am bound to reverence and obey in all his lawful commands; if he do wrong, I may entreat him as I would a father ; but I must not revile him, nor hold him or his servants up to contempt. The style of language adopted towards Government by some good men, appears to me to be altogether at variance with the precepts and examples of Scripture, on the duty which Christians owe to civil governors, and to be a direct resistance of the ordinance of God. The members of Government are charged and found guilty of dark conspi. racies against religious institutions, and against religion itself, upon evidence which any man of feeling would repel with indignation if he heard it pleaded against his own parent.
“To return for a moment to Mr. Gordon :-It is somewhat remarkable that he should now manifest so tender a conscience respecting concessions to Roinan Catholics, seeing that it was he, even he himself, who procured the publication of the only edition of the Rheims New Tes. tament in a cheap form, without note or
comment, that ever issued from the press. also, that, because societies supported by His edition was, I believe, twenty thou. voluntary contributions have succeeded sand copies. Yes, twenty thousand co- in inducing Roman Catholic parents to pies of such texts as these have been sent permit their children to read the Scripby him over this kingdom, for the con tures, the same societies, supported by firmation of Roman Catholics in their Government grants, would produce the own faith :-'EXCEPT YE DO PENANCE, same effects. Here, again, he is deceived. YE SHALL ALL LIKEWISE PERISH;' and, If any one of the societies alluded to by
JACOB WORSHIPPED THE TOP OF HIS him were to receive a Government grant, ROD. Yet this gentleman can now stand its whole character, internal and external, forward in public meetings and declaim would be changed, and would be instantly about compromises to Popery; and, exposed to the same opposition which the moreover, about excluding Roman Ca- Kildare-place Society met with, and tholics from all share in circulating even which, with regard to any beneficial effect the authorised version of the Scriptures produced upon Roman Catholics, renderwithout note or comment.
ed that society a total failure. How, “ The whole of Mr. Gordon's reason then, it may be asked, do I expect that ings upon the number of Roman Catho- similar opposition will not be made to the lics reading the Scriptures are, as it apo Boards? I answer, Because Roman Capears to me, founded upon the most pal- tholics, by the constitution of the Board, pable fallacies. In the first place, he are admitted to a share in the managewould have his hearers and readers to ment of the public fund appropriated to suppose that all the children attending that object; and when they are thus acthe Kildare-place schools read the Scrip- costed, in a fair and liberal spirit, I doubt tures. He forgets that only the upper not that they will be found to co-operate class do sn; that the upper class forms with Protestants in diffusing the light but a small proportion of any school, and even of revealed truth among the people that multitudes of Roman Catholics who, to an extent far beyond what is anticiunder various influences, are entered in pated. these schools, are withdrawn before they
“ I am, your's sincerely, reach the upper class ; many of them, I
« JAMES CARLILE. believe, purposely to avoid it. He argues “ Dublin, March 1, 1832."
APPEAL ON BEHALF OF THE WIDOWS OF FAITHFUL MINISTERS.
Mr. Editor,---I read with pleasure, in your January number, the appeal of one of your correspondents on behalf of the widows of Evangelical ministers; and am happy to inform you, if you do not already know, that it has not been made in vain. In three congregations with which I have some acquaintance the subject of increasing the sale of the Magazine has been mentioned, by their respective pastors, with the very best effect; several additional copies of the work have been ordered; and, should the example of the ministers in question be generally fol. lowed throughout the country, I doubt not that your means of helping the widow and fatherless will be nearly doubled. May I be allowed, with all affection, to suggest that our several congregations are under peculiarly strong obligations to support a work, the profits of which have realized, for so many years, such a considerable fund for the widows and families of poor
but devoted ministers. The sacrifice of a sixpence per month is so small, that I can scarcely allow myself to believe that any one, not absolutely in want, would scruple laying it out for such a noble and benevolent object, were the fact more generally known that the Trustees of the Evangelical Magazine annually distribute from eight hundred to a thousand pounds, in sums of five and six pounds, among the widows of faithful ministers of various evangelical communities.
I would venture respectfully to urge all the pastors of our several churches to mention the Evangelical Magazine from their pulpits; both the nature of the work, and the charitable object to which it is devoted, will perfectly justify such a measure. And I will, moreover, add, that in many instances a comfortable addition might thereby be made to the income of some faithful pew-opener, who might be able to get the bookseller's allowance on all fresh copies ordered, through the memo dium of the pastor. One of my own pew. openers will secure for herself six shillings a month by the additional copies taken by my congregation, as the result of a public notice of the work from the pulpit. When I think how many hundreds of widows' hearts have been made glad by the annual profits of your valuable periodical, I must
be pardoned if I say that it should find a place in every house where the inmates are able to procure it. I know, from my own experience, that ministers may secure this, to a great extent, if they will, and I dare not suspect them of indifference to the sorrows of a widowed heart.
SIR,---Allow me through the medium of your Magazine to call the attention of the public to an evil prevailing, alas ! to a lamentable extent: Í allude to the habitual use of ardent spirits. It is indeed high time that decisive measures were taken, as it has pleased the Almighty to visit our country with a fatal pestilence, which is pursuing us with the speed and vehemence of a whirlwind, and like an Afric blast threatens our destruction. It is useless to attempt to sketch the black catalogue of diseases arising from the practice of drinking spirits. Inquire of the juvenile delinquentand the felon what induced them to forsake the path of honesty ?-of the miserable prostitute, what led her to deviate from the paths of virtue?--and enter the condemned cell, and ask the criminal under what influence he perpetrated the horrid deed for which he was about to suffer:--and it will be found that intemperance is the cause.
I call upon the readers of these remarks
to bestir themselves, and use their best efforts to counteract an evil so fearful in its consequences and extensive in its nature. Let them, if they love their country, neighbours, families, and their God, unite in establishing Temperance Societies, which, in America, have been, and are likely to continue, so particularly successful, and there is every reason to believe will have a beneficial tendency in this country. Combined efforts are necessary to accomplish such an end; for it was by union that the dark mist of superstition, which once spread itself over Christendom, was dispelled; and the tempests of the gloomy ages, which marked the downfal of the Papal usurpation, were quelled; and the Puritans and others released themselves from spiritual bondage; and it is by union that we can hope to counteract the debasing propensity in question, while the united efforts of the public must be found irresistible.
Bishop's Stortford. F. H. N.
ON SABBATH ADULT SCHOOLS.
AN APPEAL TO MINISTERS. It is admitted by all as a lamentable but to bring the entire population of the fact that much ignorance is prevalent poor under individual instruction. The among our peasantry; and the extent of plan proposed, which may be varied as this ignorance is best understood and circumstances require, is to invite all to most deeply felt by those Christians who attend the church or chapel at a conveinvestigate the painful matter with the nient hour on the Sabbath afternoon, to closest scrutiny. Many benevolent efforis divide them into classes of six or eight, are made to remedy this evil. Among appointing a pious teacher to each class. these, district visiting stands forth as one The alphabet or spelling to be reckoned of the most efficient means; but this would the first class, or the estimate of the imcertainly be much aided in its design if portance of the classes to be reckoned an Adult Sabbath School were established downwards--thus always placing the most in connexion with each place of worship, experienced teacher to the most ignorant not merely to teach those unable to read, class. This, to a superficial observer, may appear reversing the order ; but, let it be remembered, that the salvation of the soul is the object desired, and the propriety of the arrangement will be ma. nifest; as where there is most ignorance there must be most diffically, consequently requiring the most skill to at tain the ultimate object. These classes, too, generally consist of those most advanced in age, still more requiring the exercise of matured grace in the teachers, and their nearness to eternity supplying an additional claim. The classes requir. ing it to have half an hour employed in teaching them to read, and half in im parting scriptural instruction—the teacher reading the verses and asking a few plain questions. The other classes to read themselves, alternately, and questioned in the same manner, not too much splh. ting the text, as in Dr. Gall's system, but ever keeping in view the instilling of gospel principles.
It is fully believed by the writer of this appeal that the preaching of the word is the most powerful engine of the Holy Spirit in the conversion of sinners and the perfecting of saints ; but it must also be admitted that truth can no farther benefit than it is received and under stood, and the establishment of Adult Sabbath Schools is earnestly recommend ed as a suitable means of quickening the
attention, and of bringing down on the public ordinances those life-giving spi. ritual influences so much desired. There are very many who attend the most ene lightened ministrations of the truth, of whom nothing even as favourable can be said as that it enters at one ear and ese capes at the other they listen only to detached parts of the sermon; this increases its unintelligibleness to their illinformed and undisciplined minds; but individual instruction, requiring them to communicate with their teacher, would at once supply a motive for attention, and remedy the defective understanding. It is also advised that the teachers take their classes as much as possible under their guidance during the week; taking cognizance of their general conduci, and giving such additional instruction as may be convenient.
In England, Sabbath schools have been chiefly confined to children, but in the Principality they are conducted more on the plan here recommended, and have been much blessed to the moral and spiritual improvement of the Cambrian peasantry. May that Divine Spirit, who guideth to effort as well as giveth success, render subservient to his purposes of love and mercy this plain but earnest appeal to those ministers who watch for souls as they who must give account!
INFANT SCHOOLS IN SOUTH AFRICA.
To the Editor of the Evangelical Magazine. S18-I was gratified in reading in infant education at the Cape, or any other your Magazine for January an interesting part of South Africa. I understand his account, by Dr. Philip, of the progress of views on Christian missions generally are Infant Schools in South Africa; at the much more liberal than that of many of same time regretted the inadequacy of the his brethren. He gave me copies of two funds allotted for their support. After letters of his which appeared in the stating the shall balance then in hand, Friends' Magazine about two years since Dr. Philip suggests that " an appeal to (at the commencement of that periodical), the Society of Friends might assist greatly wherein he warmly advocates the cause of on this point.” Accordingly, I left the missionary undertakings. As these letters Magazine at the house of a benevolent gen. may prove interesting to your readers I tleman of that persuasion, without assign- send them, in case you might be able to ing any motive for so doing. I was in make room for them in a future number.* duced to take this step from the knowledge that he feels an interest in infant education; he having, not long since,
* We cannot possibly make room for Mra
Davis's letters; but we will, with pleasure, subscribed the liberal sum of £100 to
insert a brief original communication from wards the erecting of an infant school
this benevolent individual on the same subroom in this town.
ject. We thank him for £10 for Dr. Philip's The next day Mr. Davis left with me infant schools, which has been handed to (without the least solicitation on my part) John Poulger, Esq., who takes charge of the £10, to be applied to the furthering of funds for this object.