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present situation, it may be expected to twenty-four locations under instruction ; meet with all the aid he can render it. and could we only get the schools extendAbout 144 families, from Bethelsdorp and ed in this manner, and raised to that perTheopolis, were its first settlers. They fection of which they are capable, we may have since been joined by others from the soon raise up so many native teachers as missionary institutions, and by, perhaps, will enable us to diffuse the system a still greater number of the same people, through much of the country by their who, by the liberties lately conferred upon means; a desideratum necessary to the them, have it in their power to join a so- completion of our plans. There is no ciety so new to the Hottentots. At the community upon earth in which the inunanimous request of the people, Mr. fant-school system is not of the highest Read was sent amongst them as their importance; but in our attempts to raise missionary; and his daughter, who ac- savage and barbarous tribes, it is a discoquired the knowledge of the system from very of inconceivable value. When proMrs. Atkinson, at Bethelsdorp, has intro- perly managed, it has in it a power which duced it into this interesting settlement. will raise up the first generation brought This district is immediately on the bor- up under its influence above the third or ders of what is still the Caffre country; fourth generations of those educated under the scenery is mountainous and pic. different systems. At the infant-schools, turesque in a high degree; it is watered the children of the barbarous tribes start by beautiful streams flowing from the with the advantages of those of civilized mountains, and the population is divided men, and instead of being retarded in into twenty-four locations, generally about their progress by the ignorance and imbefour or five miles from each other. When cility of a people only rising above the it is considered that this is the first ex- savage state, they rise up to cultivate and ample of the Hottentot people being alto. humanise their parents, and become the gether in a state of freedom and indepen elements of a society that will soon be dence since the introduction of Chris able to supply their own wants, advocate tianity among them, there is not, perhaps, their own rights, and diffuse the blessa more interesting spectacle in the whole ings of civilization among the tribes in the world than that which is presented by the interior of Africa; and I have reason to rising community. From the habits and believe that our labours may be attended tastes those of them who were at our with surprising success. Some of the missionaries' stations had acquired, and great difficulties of introducing education from the means of instruction among among barbarous nations is the indifferthem, every thing goes on prosperously; ence of the parents to instruction, and but as this new settlement is considered as the aversion of the children to its rean experiment on which the future condi- straints. By the infant-school system tion of uncivilized tribes may in some these difficulties are completely removed. measure depend, the friends of religion There is something in it so novel, so strikand humanity inust feel more than an or- ing and so amusing to a barbarous peodinary interest in its success. I have ple, and so interesting to their children, heard of none who have visited this dis- thal, generally speaking, in establishing trict who have not been compelled to such schools among them, we should find bear testimony to the intelligence, the no difficulty in securing the approbation of good character, and peaceful industry of the one, and the attendance of the other. the people; but the impulse their minds On my late journey over Caffreland, I received at the missionary stations must had several opportunities of having my not be allowed to subside; and to elevate mind confirmed in this opinion. Resting them to that state which the general inte- one day, while our oxen were feeding, I rests of religion and humanity require, we remarked a number of children around must have a greater abundance of means our waggon, humming a tune, to which than we yet possess. I shall not be satis they were beating time. Their appearfied till, instead of the two infant-schools ance instantly suggested to me the idea of now among them, we have one at each of an infant school. I communicated my the locations. For this purpose we must idea to Mr. Read, who had acquired some have assistance from our Bible, Tract, knowledge of the system. We instantly and British and Foreign School Societies, arranged them, to the number of perhaps and from the friends of infant-schools at fifty, to make the experiment. "In the home. On an average, I presume, we midst of Caffreland, among some of the may have fifty children at each of the most beautiful scenery in the world, I
Do. in favour of Mrs. Roberts 29 9 4 Do. in favour of Mrs. Mathews 12 2 1
The three last sums have been expend. ed as follows: To Miss Lyndall, board and salary from Oct.
1829 to June 1830. To forms, fitting up lessons. Fitting up school, Bethelsdorp. Printing 12 sets of lessons, three of each. Balance due on money drawn from Mr.
Foulger. Paid to Graham's Town school. For apparatus to Madagascar. Balance in Mir. Foulger's hands...£66 10 2 Balance in my hands of money
collected in Cape Town ........ 5 00
281 13 7
observed the readiness and enthusiasm with which the children entered into the spirit of the system, and heard them pronounce the English words which they had never before heard, with all the propriety that might have been expected in an English school, and saw the eagerness with which the parents partook of the delight of the children. I could scarcely believe my own eyes and ears, and could not help reflecting what a mighty influence these schools might have in raising that interesting people had we only the neces. sary agents and apparatus. While I cannot help regretting the discontinuance of the Bethelsdorp school, it is pleasing to reflect that Mrs. Edwards is gone to introduce the system among the Bechu. annas, while Mr. and Mrs. Atkinson, who have just sailed from hence for Madagascar, in company with Mr. Freeman, intend beginning a school in that interesting island, perhaps the most important field for such exertions in the whole world.
In 1830, some friends, who visited us on their way to India, were so much struck with our schools, that two of the ladies, Mrs. Capt. Law and Mrs. Chelow, acquired a knowledge of the system, intending to introduce it in Madras. We furnished them with a set of lessons and frames, to enable them to carry their be nevolent project into effect.
After the formation of the committee in Cape Town, a sufficient apparatus was procured from London, through their own funds; and the apparatus which I brought from England, has been sent to Graham's Town, the New Settlement, Bethelsdorp, Latakoo, India, and Madagascar.
The following is a statement of the money received by me and expended on this object :Collected in England, and deposited in Mr.
Foulger's hands, as treasurer...£276 13 7 Ditto in Cape Town, before the
formation of the committee...... 5 00
I have at present in Cape Town an individual studying the system, with a view of teaching at some of our missionary stations. I have recommended both Mr. Anderson of Pacaltsdorp, and Mr. Barker, of Theopolis, each to send one of their daughters to Cape Town, to acquire some knowledge of it, with a view to beginning schools at the stations where they reside; but my means are exhausted. I need more apparatus before the system can be further extended. I shall thank you to converse with Mr. Hankey and other friends on the subject; and if you can procure us a number of sets, the sooner they can be sent the better.
An appeal to the Society of Friends might assist us greatly on this point. Although my labour in this work may be considered as strictly missionary, yet, from the manner in which the money was collected, it appears to me that the statement I have made of the manner in which it has been expended should be given to the contributors. You will perceive, by the statement that has been made, that hitherto we have been able to do but little for the nations in the interior. who, of all classes, are most in need of its advantages.
We are in great need of apparatus and money to extend the system. You will have ihe goodness to send us, by the first opportunity, the articles in the inclosed list, from the balance in favour of the schools in your hands. You may send us as much in addition to the articles specified, or rather as many duplicates, as the friends to the infant-school system may enable you to add. I hope the
281 13 7
Paid by Mr. Foulger for apparatus, Miss Lyn
dall's passage, outfit, &c. . £100 18 9 Brass letters and frame since
1 10 0 Books commissioned for use
of school .................... 6 3 3 Bill of Mr. Foulger's, in fa
vour of Cape Town Infant-
............ 50 00 Do. in favour of Mrs. Atkinson 10 00
friends at home who entrusted me with the funds for introducing the system into this colony will be satisfied with my exertions, and with the manner in which I have expended the money entrusted to my care.
Joan Philip. "To J. Foulger, Esq. List of Articles most in use for an Infant
school. Scripture pictures with descriptions,
natural history with ditto, pictures of trades, clock faces, numal frames, sheet pictures of different objects, ruled unframed slates.
Books---Course of Lessons with Tunes, Questions on Pestalozzi's System, nunbers of I. S. Magazine, vols. of Infant School Repository, Wood's Account of Sessional Schools, Bible Story Books, Mrs. Hewlett's Natural History, Wilson's Manual.
A PROFITABLE VISIT. Abour eleven versts from the imperial all things. Jesus saith unto her, I that city of St. Petersburgh there is a beautiful speak unto thee am he. And upon this and interesting spot. It stands on the rising came his disciples, and marvelled that he ground that overlooks the gulf of Finland, talked with the woman, yet no man said, and commands a fine view of the vessels What seekest thou, or why talkest thou which for several months are continually with her ? The woman then left her water sailing up and down, with the commerce pot, and went her way into the city, and which is to be conveyed to distant re- saith to the men, Come, see a man who gions, or which has been brought from told me all things that ever I did ; is not every quarter of the globe. It belongs to this the Christ? Then they went out of an ancient family, and is richly diversified the city and came unto him." “Delightby woods, and lawns, and waters, which ful!” said the visitor; “ pray stop a mogreatly contribute to the comfort and ac ment, and I will go and call my fellowcommodation of the inhabitants.
servants; I think they will rejoice to hear • At this place I have spent a few months this, for surely they never heard such with my family for three successive years; things since they were born." She then and there a variety of circumstances have arose, and ran and called her fellowoccurred which fill my heart with joy, servants, and brought three of them with and which, on reviewing them, appear to her, and the same chapter was read again, me infinitely more lovely than any thing accompanied by many solemn remarks on that the most enchanting landscape can the state of unconverted sinners, and the present. Some of them are already pub suitableness and all-sufficiency of the lished; others may yet be published; but Lord Jesus Christ, that he is both able the following is now, for the first time, and willing to save unto the uttermost all made known.
that come unto God by him. She also The evening of the Sabbath drew near, urged on them the necessity of coming to and the bright summer's sun was gilding Christ immediately, as every effort to get the western sky, when a pious young to heaven in any other way would be unwoman was sitting reading the gospel of availing, for by the deeds of the law shall St. John. A neighbour approached; no flesh living be justified; and, lastly, “ Come in," said the devout reader; “be she showed them the blessedness of all seated. Would you like to hear a portion those who actually embrace Christ as the of God's holy word ?” “Oh, yes, by all Saviour of their souls. These remarks means," said the neighbour: “Proceed.” were delivered with uncommon emotion, The place of the Scripture which she read and frequently watered with her tears; was this : “ The hour cometh, and now and the hearers were as much touched as is, when the true worshippers shall wor- she was. They were all deeply affected, ship the Father in spirit and in truth; and wept profusely; and when the chapa for the Father seeketh such to worship ter and the remarks were concluded, they him. God is a Spirit, and they that wor. took their leave and departed, acknowship him must worship him in Spirit and ledging with gratitude the unspeakable in truth. The woman saith unto him, I pleasure they had enjoyed, from hearing know that Messias cometh, which is called words which they had never heard before. Christ; when he is come, he will tell us The mistress of the pious reader list
ened with peculiar delight to a part of precious promise for the first time; and I these proceedings; and when she saw the believe this is precisely what multitudes visitors, the tears were still glistening in of pious people feel. their eyes. It ought here to be noticed, From the circumstances here recorded, that none of these young women were I would make four observations. able to read, consequently the Bible had 1. What pleasures are those persons been to them a sealed book; and it is deprived of who are unable to read! Oh, more than probable that they had lived what a dreary waste, an uncultivated de until that day without hearing a chapter in sert does that town or village present that a language which they could understand. is without a Bible, and which can scarcely But now the seal was loosed, and the muster up ten individuals who could read book was opened, and Messias, which is the Bible if they had it! Yet there was called Christ, seemed for once to be ad- a time when this was the case in Britain ; dressing them. One of these young wo- and there are many towns and villages in men has since been at my house for a the world which are in this deplorable New Testament, and copies of the Dairy- condition even at the present day. Yea, man's Daughter, and the Young Cottager, there are spots in England and Scotland, to send to her brother, who is able to read, and large places in Ireland and in Ameand who resides at a distance of several rica too, which are still covered over with hundred miles. On receiving these pre- this thick gloom. The question naturally cious treasures, her heart seemed to swell arises, Will it always remain so ? I boldly with extasy. She pressed them to her answer-no. Shall it remain so much bosom, and kissed the hand from which longer? I transfer the question to the she received them. Had some cold, followers of the Lamb. They must dehearted professor-some neglecter of his cide it. Bible, witnessed this scene, he would 2. How gratifying is it to devoted have felt it as a dagger in his conscience; Christians to be able to open the treaand could the lovers of the Bible have sures of redeeming love to make known witnessed the scene, they would have felt to their neighbours the unsearchable also, but it would have been similar to riches of Christ! And what pious person the joys of angels, when a sinner is brought cannot do this to a certain extent? The to repentance.
old proverb is, “When the people are I imagine that persons who have been blind, a man with one eye will be acacquainted with the Scriptures from their counted a philosopher." Let every man infancy have no idea of the pleasure, and do what he can. Talents improve by exwonder, and astonishment which burst ercise. Perseverance will do much! The upon the mind of an individual, who, for man who travels but one mile an hour, the first time in his life, hears the lovely, will, if he persevere for two years and a affecting, and instructive history of our half, make the circumference of the globe. Lord and Saviour. One circumstance of Invention will do much! The man who this kind particularly struck me. It was strikes out a new thought, who suggests a a man who was born again when he was new idea, who forins a new plan for old; and, with his new birth, he felt a doing good, may confer unspeakable oblistrong desire to learn to read, that he gations upon the present aud future genemight search the Scriptures for himself. rations. Union will accomplish wonders ! This he accomplished, and when he began Mole-hills, if often heaped, to mountains to read the New Testament, he frequently rise. All the waters of the deluge were called on me to relate the glorious disco composed of drops; and what could not veries he had made; and having related the individual and concentrated energies them, he would ask me, with child-like of the Lord's people effect, if they were simplicity, “ Did you ever hear any thing heartily devoted to the cause! The preso delightful before ?” Dear old man ! sent state of the world calls for unusual as it was all new to him, he thought it efforts. A vast majority of the human was new to me also; when, alas! my un race are perishing for lack of knowledge, feeling familiarity with the subjects often and they will continue to perish, if the made me tremble. Ah, it would be well disciples of Jesus do not come to their if we could retain the freshness of first help. “ England expects every man to impressions! Ten thousand worlds would do his duty," was the watchword of a I part with, if I possessed them, for the dying warrior, and it conveyed an electric vivid, ardent, joyous feelings which I shock through the whole fleet. Every have experienced when meeting with some man exerted himself to the uttermost,
And shall a dying Nelson be heard, and a dying, risen, glorified Saviour be disre garded! Oh, it must not be! God for. bid! Oh, for the quickening Spirit, that can raise the dead; for until every disciple is roused to consider his responsibility and to exert all his powers, the world will continue in the embraces of the wicked one-darkness will cover the earth, and gross darkness the people.
3. What an invaluable treasure in a family is a pious servant, who acts up to her Christian character!
The young woman of whom I have written is a servant, who was spending the sacred hours in a proper manner. She was meditating in the law of the Lord, and when opportunity offered, she read it to her friends, and explained it as she was able. Many a learned man has laboured for years, who never witnessed such an effect of his labours. And why might not servants, when they meet, thus occupy their precious time? Doubtless there are servants who do this, and they will be amply repaid for it. “Sweet the moments, rich in blessing” which are thus spent, and many have felt it to be so. We rejoice that there is so much real god liness among this interesting class of the community. We rejoice to see them, out of their small earnings, devoting a considerable portion to the cause of God. Oh, servants! you serve a good Master. He takes notice of the widow's mite. He listens to the feeblest prayer, and marks with approbation your endeavours to advance his cause. Remember you have a character to maintain. Oh, keep it with out a spot! You have a talent to improve. Improve it to the uttermost. Spend your
Sabbaths well. Let the holy principles of the gospel influence all your conduct. Let your Bible and your Saviour be so precious to you, that you may speak of sacred things, not by constraint, but out of an overflowing heart—and what comes from the heart will reach the heart-and opportunities, thus improved, will be remembered with gratitude through the countless ages of eternity.
4. Not a few, when reading this, will recollect that they have often paid and received visits, without hearing a word about Jesus of Nazareth, and have separated from their guests without one really profitable hint. Oh, Christians ! let holy indignation fire your souls and redden your cheeks at this indifference to your adorable Benefactor, to whom you owe your all. What! shall a poor servant girl discover more love and zeal for Christ than persons in more exalted stations ? Is salvation, through a crucified Saviour, less suited to the conversation of the parlour or the drawing-room than to the kitchen or the nursery ? Oh, no! This subject will add splendour to a diadem. King David never appeared more illustrious than when he exclaimed, “ Then will I teach transgressors thy ways, and sinners shall be converted unto thee.” Perhaps much of that deadness, and coldness, and leanness, of which Christians justly complain, may be traced to a want of walking with God, all the day long, and not taking the Saviour with them into all the common concerns of life. If Christians were to alter their plan for six months, they would shout aloud for joy.
DR. SMITH'S REMARKS ON TEMPERANCE SOCIETIES.
ties are of an importance, civil and reliMY DEAR SIR,
gious, second only to that of the direct PERSONAL considerations would not institutions of the gospel, I cannot but readily induce me to offer any remarks wish that the subject were correctly unupon a Review, or to withhold a duly derstood and prevailing mistakes concernloyal deference to the privileges of anony ing it universally obviated. I am bound, mous criticism; but public and moral rea- however, to exercise the utmost candour sons may demand, and if so, will justify a for those who labour under such misdifferent course. Allow me, then, to say, takes; for I long and unsuspectingly mythat I am apprehensive of deep injury to the self lay under them. Through two or cause of the Temperance Societies, from three years I declined to read, with suffithe review of some Tracts on that subject cient attention, the Reports of Temperin your last number. Convinced, as I ance Societies with which I had been Jeeply am, that the principle, the objects, favoured from America, hastily supposing and the means of operation of those socie- that they applied to a state of society consi