set and growing, and again a third time, should | fire. It will become very firm, and does not rethere be any signs of the malady.

SYNONYMS OF PEARS.—In your October number, you ask in an editorial note, "Why is it that the English and Belgian Pomologists do not accept our name of Beurre d'Aremberg for the pear that the French call Glout Morcean, and our Orpheline d'Engheim?" and you go on with some further remarks. There is, I think, some misconception or misplacement of words in your article, and if you will state the ques tion anew, I will reply to it; as it is a matter that ought long ago to have been rectified by the party in error. Yours respectfully, WM.


Our correspondent has misunderstood the question in the letter we published from ANDRE LEROY, to be our own. There appears to have been a typographical omission in his question. It should read, "Why is it that the English and Belgian Pomologists do not accept our name of Beurre d'Aremberg for the pear that the first call Glout Morceau? And Orpheline d'Engheim, for the pear called by them the Beurre d'Aremberg?"

DAMSON CHEESE. However much we may advocate fruit culture in our pages, we leave the cooking department to others; but there is no general rule without an exception. There are many ways to do many things, but there is only one way to make good Damson Cheese. Whence it took the name of cheese, we know not, unless it be from its firm, cheese-like tex. ture, when well made-which it will be if the following receipt is adhered to:

Put the Damsons in a stone jar, which place in an oven or on a stove until the juice runs freely, the fruit is perfectly tender, and the stones separate from it. Remove the stones with a silver or wooden spoon; measure the pulp in a preserving pan and place it on the fire and boil, until the liquid is evaporated, and the fruit left dry. Whilst this is doing, have ready a quantity of white loaf sugar, allowing half a pound of sugar for every quart of pulp, as measured when put into the pan. Let this sugar be rolled fine, and then heated in the oven in a pan until it is so hot that the hand can not be kept on it. In this hot state, mix the sugar thoroughly with the dry pulp, also hot from the

quire to go on the fire again. Put it into jars or glasses whilst hot, and when cold, cover and put away.


SOCIETY.-We have been favored, promptly,

with the Transactions of the American Pomo

logical Society, at its session in Philadelphia in September last. It makes a handsome pam

phlet of 168 pages, and will be read with interest by fruit growers throughout the country.

We copy from it the annexed catalogue of fruits,

which are now placed on the Society's list: Fruits worthy of general cultivation.

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Go little volume, with thy brothers join,
Advise the world-nor deem thy mission small.
Would that the hands that early traced
Thy first born pages, had too, penned thy last!
'Twas not to be. The GREAT OMNISCIENT MIND
Who fixes, well for us, each age's weal,
Recalled to Peace, the energies addressed
Through many a year to Rural Beauty's Shrine.
-Jealous that one whose hand had on her Banks,
Oft drawn forth Beauties she knew not her own,
Our glorious Hudson claimed his ebbing life,
And hushed his last soft sigh in cradled sleep!
Regret not, friends, the loss of one we loved;
Remember that our loss is gain to him,
And think more kindly on his favors past,
Which Death has hallowed to sweet Memory's care.
A Downing lived :-A Downing's dead!
His country mourn's a loss she can't redeem,
And Nature smiles, rememb'ring that his life
Was through her spent in Worship to her GOD.

VINES IN GRAPE HOUSES.-Sir: I beg to claim your indulgence, while I trouble you with a few questions, an answer to which, either yourself or some of your able correspondents, will perhaps, kindly furnish through the Horticulturist. I entered a situation near this city, on the 2nd of Angust last; I have under my care three grape houses the houses have a lean-to roof, and the vines planted some in the house and some out; the greater part of the vines are foreign; some Sweet Waters planted three or four years ago, bore a few bunches-but every leaf on the vines dies, scorched very much; some young vines,also foreign, planted in the spring of 1851, were the most miserable things I ever saw, every leaf burned and scorched, and only made two or three feet of miserable poor wood. I have had vines under my care for twenty years in England, and never saw anything like this. I only arrived in this country last May, and conse. quently have not had any experience here. The border, I am told, is thoroughly drained and made of rotten manure, and light sandy peat; I am told by my predecessor, that the vines have been liberally supplied with water; I have no thermometer, but I am sure the heat must be above 100° often, and my impression is that the sun is too powerful for them; in this, my predecessor does not agree. I may say the Isabella and Catawba grapes, are in a flourish. ing state by the side of these vines; the vines have been pruned on the spur system. I should be glad to know of a radical cure for this. I should be glad to know if any of your correspondents have had any experience with canvass for a shade for foreign vines. The situation is near the lake shore; the sorts of foreign vines are Muscat, Black Hamburg, St. Albans, Frontignan, &c. I see no difference in the sorts. The vines are trained some on rafters and some on the back wall. I am, sir, your obedient servant, C. Chicago, Ill.

MR. DUNLAP'S NEW STORE IN NEW-YORK.In passing up Broadway a few days since, we called in to see the new establishment Mr.Thos. Dunlap has opened opposite his former premises, and were agreeably surprised to find attached to his seed store, a well proportioned greenhouse, recently erected, into which a select collection of plants for winter and early bloom in the year, were just removed. The plants are

looking well, and the place altogether had an appearance of neatness and order well calculated to induce the residents of the upper part of the city who may call once to repeat their vis


Answers to Correspondents.

HICKORY TREES FROM NUTS.-A subscriber. (Berks co., Pa.) The nuts, without being permitted to become dry, should be mixed with moist peat, covered with leaves, and in this condition be exposed to the winter frosts. If care. fully cracked in spring, their germination and growth would be insured.

BONES FOR VINE BORDERS.-L. B.-(Oak Creek, Wis.) Bones, although highly useful, are not absolutely essential to a good vine border. When broken, they serve the two-fold purpose of assisting drainage, and promoting fertility. They are much more effective when ground, and still more so, if dissolved by sul. phuric acid. They are chiefly valuable for their phosphate of lime, which may be also applied in the form of guano, which contains a large portion of the phosphate. The addition of a moderate quantity of lime, leached ashes, and gypsum, are useful. These, and the guano especially, should be well mxied with the earth, turf, and other materials. Stable manure should form the chief fertilizing ingredient in every vine border-we have known some excellent graperies where this constituted nearly all the


CACTI.-J. Johnson. The tall varieties of Cacti should be grown in rich light compost.The old system of starving them in lime rub. bish, is quite exploded by good gardeners. They will live through the winter very well in any house from which frost is excluded. Give but little if any water in winter, and very sparingly in spring, until the bloom buds are visible. Then give them more, and while the buds are forming place them near the glass, so that they may have all the sun and light they can get.

WINTER BULBS.-Jane. You will find directions for the cultivation of winter bulbs, in an article on the Narcissus in our September num. ber for this year.

IXIAS-Thomas M. Ixias are from the Cape of Good Hope. They must be allowed to rest during several months. Withhold water from them as soon as you perceive the end of their leaves turn yellow. You need not re-pot them more than once in five or six years; they generally bloom better than when disturbed every year. Leaf and decayed vegetable mould with some white sand will grow them well.

CORREAS.-J. S. Correa speciosa is the best taken altogether. Three parts black peat or vegetable mould, and one part good loam, not too stiff, and a little white sand is the best compost for them. Give good drainage.

LILIUM LANCIFOLIUM. Edward Smith.You should let your pots of the Japan Lilies stand quite dry until the end of December. Then pot them, for they begin to grow at the root about that time. They do not require vegetable mould. They grow stronger and finer in good rich compost, half loam and half well rotted manure.

GERANIUMS.-T. Roseson. Those that are shy in breaking after being cut back, (like Orion,) should never be stopped until the pot is well filled with roots, and the plant in vigorous growth. Beck's Aurora is a fine flower in its best state; but it is very uncertain, and on that account scarcely worth growing; besides there are now better flowers nearly of the same character.

DAHLIAS.-D. F. From your remarks, we expect that when you take up your roots you injure them by pulling them out of the ground, when only half lifted by the spade. Never do that; let the top be first cut off near the ground, then with the spade raise them entirely out of the ground; but do not pull them.

MARTYNIA FRAGRANS.-James. This delightful scented plant, requires as much heat as you can give it when young, if you want to bloom it early in the summer. It will do well out in the open ground in the hot weather.

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