Macedonia: A Voyage through History (Vol. 2, From the Fifteenth Century to the Present), Volume 2

Voorkant
Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 8 feb. 2016 - 409 pagina's
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Volume 2 picks up the story of Macedonia from the triumph of Ottoman rule in Macedonia, and the consequent insertion of Islam into the Balkans. This led not only to protracted rivalry between Islam and Christianity, but also to the introduction of both variants of Islam, Sunni and Shia. As elsewhere, this gave rise to periodic upheavals when Shia factions tried to challenge the authority of the Sunni Ottoman State. Sunni – Shia tensions have never quite disappeared in Macedonia.

Later topics include the violent but incompetent Macedonian struggle against Ottoman rule between 1878 and 1909, Macedonian involvement in the Balkan Wars and World War I, the demographic upheavals of the period, and the renewed Bulgarian insurgency against Yugoslavia between the World Wars. Macedonia’s half-hearted involvement in World War II, and the Communist insurgency in Greece in 1944–49 left a lingering legacy of fear and distrust that even today colours the attitudes of the Greeks towards their Macedonian neighbours. The book also reviews the less-than-admirable history of Mount Athos in its decadence during the modern and contemporary periods. Communist rule between 1944 and 1990, much neglected in research on Macedonia, is treated in its own chapter, which explains the imposition of Communism and its eventual abandonment in response to its utter developmental failure. The collapse of Communism also led to the fragmentation of the former Yugoslavia – a protracted and murderous affair, from which the Macedonians were lucky to escape lightly.

The final chapter is devoted to the travails of the insecure new Macedonian Republic. Though the Republic traces its (alleged) origin to the ancient Macedonian kingdom, it only achieved statehood in 1991 by a historical accident. It was immediately embroiled with Greece over the question of its identity and of its very existence.

Both volumes throw light on this piece of unfinished political business, and the ways in which Macedonia, Greece and Bulgaria have sought to misuse their historical experience to justify their conflicting claims on the territory.

 

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Inhoudsopgave

Chapter Fourteen
1
Chapter Fifteen
44
Chapter Sixteen
88
Chapter Seventeen
129
Chapter Eighteen
169
Chapter Nineteen
200
Chapter Twenty
246
Chapter Twenty One
291
Chapter Twenty Two
317
Abbreviations
356
Bibliography
357
Index
383
Copyright

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Over de auteur (2016)

Michael Palairet was Reader in Economic History at the University of Edinburgh until retirement in 2005. His many publications focus on modern and contemporary economic development in Greece and the Balkans, including two books, The Balkan Economies c. 1800–1914, which was published by Cambridge University Press, and translated into Turkish, Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian, and The Four Ends of the Greek Hyperinflation, 1941–1946, published by Museum Tusculanum Press. Since retirement, he has expanded his interest into ancient and medieval Balkan civilisations. While researching this book, he stayed for long periods in his flat in Ohrid, the most beautiful town in little-visited Macedonia.

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