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glorious truths, he had never fully examined and ertions which have been made in modern times compared ; the objections which have been rais- to teach them the knowledge of God, all that ed to them, he had never heard, and, of course, has yet been done seems only to have rendered was unprepared to answer, The plausible and the darkness visible. bewitching, but withal most unphilosophical and in- These are facts which are known to all, and consistent criterion of truth was proposed,-—reason, which most certainly give us a very appalling the reason of weak, and ignorant, and fallible, and view of the evils arising from ignorance of religion. depraved man. It looked like a mark of intellec- | And what is true of nations, is equally true of tual greatness, no doubt, to test the revelation by individuals. The men who are most frequently this high authority. He was not asked, observe, to found guilty of enormous and aggravated guilt, are give up his belief in the Bible. This might have generally those who are grossly ignorant of divine frightened him away from the temple of reason. truth. The calendar of crime in this country is But holding this belief, he was to bring every found generally to be filled with those who have page of the Sacred Record to the ordeal of human been in early life ill instructed in religion, and have

Whatever was above the comprehension been allowed to grow up in ignorance of God's of man,-above the comprehension of him, who Holy Word. How often has it happened, that those could not tell you how this soul and this body who have brought themselves to an untimely end, were united, who could not explain to you the and have been compelled to expiate their crimes simplest process of nature, was to be mangled, on the scaffold, have been men who were not maimed and destroyed. In this way, one by one even able to read, and whose knowledge, thereof the articles of our faith was abandoned; the fore, of divine things must have been limited Supreme Divinity of the Saviour,—the atonement and imperfect ? he made on the cross,—every thing that gives And not only is it consistent with fact, that peculiarity and value to the Gospel, was gradually ignorance is the cause, or at least the concomiyielded. He retains professedly the Bible as the tant of much iniquity, but it is farther true, that Word of God, after having blotted from its pages it has led to the most mistaken views of dutv. truths the most valuable ; he is landed in what has With minds ill informed in the will of God, been called the frozen zone of Christianity,—that many have confounded right and wrong, and cold and cheerless region where no sun shines, done, through ignorance and error, what was diwhere he has a being stript of all moral glory for his rectly contrary to duty. It was in ignorance God,—a mere man for his Saviour,-an imperfect, that Saul persecuted the Church of Christ, and and sinful life as the foundation of his hope. employed all the influence of high talent, and

II.-Principle and practice are inseparably unit- impassioned eloquence, and glowing zeal, to ed. What corrupts the fountain will taint the crush that Church of whose cause, when enstream. What injures the tree will deteriorate lightened by God, he became the most power. the fruit.

ful and prevailing advocate. Since his day many Look to the history of the ancient heathen. have fallen into similar errors. In ignorance of What is the moral aspect of that city, where the Word, how many confound sin and duty,Paul of old saw an altar erected to the “ Unknown virtue and vice. When, therefore, we consider God ?” Athens, the seat of learning and science, all these things; when we think of the evils was also the abode of debauchery and wicked- which have resulted from ignorance of religion to

Sin of every kind was rioting in its streets, communities and individuals,—the evils, direct and the heart of the Christian apostle saddened and indirect, which have flowed from ignorance at the sight of its magnificent temples, and gor- of God and Christ, and holiness,—we may see geous palaces. Such also was the case with how it is that people may be destroyed for lack imperial Rome-the queen of cities. Read the of knowledge. first chapter of the epistle to the Romans, and III. It is said by the wise man, “that in much you there find the moral character of its citizens knowledge there is much grief, and he that increasdrawn in colours fitted to make us blush for bu- eth in knowledge increaseth in sorrow." There is manity. And what was the cause of this ? It indeed a knowledge which has this tendency and was, because they did not like to retain God in effect; a knowledge which creates wants, without their knowledge, that God gave them up to a re- affording the means of supplying them; a knowprobate mind. Look to the present state of the ledge which creates desires, without affording the heathen world, where darkness yet reigns with means of gratifying them. But this is knowledge midnight power, where the people are yet in ut- secular and profane. There is nothing in the ter ignorance of the truth of Revelation. And knowledge of religion but what is fitted to impart what is there presented to our view ? There we peace and comfort to the soul. And we cannot behold men degraded almost to a level with the imagine anything so much fitted to aggravate brutes ; the sense of right and wrong seems al- sorrow and distress, as ignorance of the only most extinguished; every thing that is base and foundation of consolation. abominable practised without shame or fear. Many are the ills, the sorrows, and the cares Their very religious rites show, that while they of the sinful children of men. Different, indeed, believe there is a God, they think him such an are the forins in which affliction visits their habi. one as themselves. Notwithstanding all the ex. A tations. But where is the happy home which sorrow never saddens, which adversity never dar- “ Mr Werry began by asking, why he wished to turn kens? In this vale of tears—this world of sha- Turk. He said, for a very plain reason—that he could dows—we seek in vain for such a dwelling. And not live by his own religion |--He had been on board when misfortune enters, and proclaims that man

ness.

many years, and suffered ill-treatment. This he said

in a faint and skulking manner, standing so that Mr is born unto trouble, where is consolation and Werry could only just see him, and entirely avoiding support to be found ?

my view. Mr Werry said, that he was there on the To those on whom poverty has laid its wither- part of the English Consul, whose son he was, to offer ing hand, or whom disease has stretched on the him safe passage to England; and, if he had been bribbed of languishing, or whose dwelling the angel ed, that he would see to his being set in a fair way of of death has visited, would it impart consolation swered,' No: I shall remain where I am. I have

business, or something to that effect. The man anto be told to bear with stoical apathy their mis- made up my mind.' Mr Werry said, “ Remember, that fortunes, or to listen to declamations on the use- what you are going to do now cannot be undone, and lessness of grief, or to be asked to look forward that it is a disgrace to a man to change his religion. to the land of silence and oblivion ? Many are

The man made no reply, except to mutter something, the consolations which can be given, apart from that he saw no importance in the question of religion. religion,—and miserable comforters are they all.

Then turning to me, Mr Werry said, “You see he is

resolved: what more can we do ?' In religion alone there is what can soothe and

“ I then asked the man how long he had taken to support the soul in the day of trouble and of dark- think about it. He said he had been now two days ness. It teaches men that every trial, whether thinking of it. . And don't you know, that, in changpersonal, domestic, or worldly, comes from Him ing your religion, you are denying your only Saviour who ruleth over all; that it is designed in great the Lord that bought you?' He just looked at me, but mercy to bring men to himself; that it is part of order that you may live better; but what will you do

• You said that you change in that mysterious, but divine discipline, by which they in the day of judgment ?' He said something which are fitted for glory; and that when all their trials seemed to me to imply that he did not take my meanshall have come to a close, they will enter into ing; probably not having looked for such kind of puesthat happy land where neither sorrow, nor suf- tions. I therefore said, “When Jesus Christ, the Refering, nor death, nor sin, ever enter.

deemer, comes to judge the world, what will you do, Look to that house in the day of misfortune, without answering. You see,' said Mr Werry, that

who have denied him?' He hung back behind the Turks, wbere religion is unknown, and where its inmates he is lost.' It seemed to me, from the manner of the are the votaries of infidelity and superstition. If company, that they were now going to bring bim fortheir calamity be poverty, then the hard hand of ward to go through the form ; and Mr Werry, by his penury is doubly severe; if their misfortune be manner, gave him up as a lost man. He was himself disease, it is submitted to with repining; and pain indeed, as he afterwards said to me, in wardly depressed gathers intensity from fretfulness; death is looked

at the sight of such a victim. I said, however, to the

man - My friend,'--for he would hardly face me, but forward to with terror ; the grave is looked to not slunk back, so that I was obliged to lean forward a litonly as the sepulchre of vitality, but of hope. tle_since you seem bent on this bad act, yet remem

ber, bereafter, that Peter denied his Master three times; APOSTACY TO MAHOMMEDANISM. yet afterwards he repented, and Christ forgave him;

and it would be better for you thus to repent.' I had The following interesting account is extracted from

no time to say more, for they put him forward, and he “ Jowett's Christian Researches in the Mediterranean.” willingly stepped up on the raised Hoor where we sat,

I had heard, late yesterday evening, that an Eng- and stood before the Moolah : though, I am persuaded, Lishnan is going to turn Turk. I thought, yet not not without some uncomfortable sensations, for he was without shuddering, that I should like to be present at very much indisposed to speak to us very white in the the scene, and that it might be turned to some good face—and, once or twice, his legs trembled, as I perpurpose. I obtained, therefore, what information Iceived from his loose trowsers ; whether from a troucould on the subject ; and noted down some questions bled conscience, or only from the impressiveness of the which I should like to ask the man. This morning I inquired whether I might witness the ceremony; and, who went over a form of words in Arabic, two words

seene, I cannot divine. Thus he stood before the Priest, mappily found no objection. Mr John Werry and my

at a time, so that the man might repeat them after him. self, therefore, preceded by the English Dragoman or

They might be about five sentences. I did not underLiterpreter, and by the Head Janissary or Turkish stand them; but they ended with the usual declaration, Guard in the service of the English Consul, went to

That there is but one God, and Mahomet is the Prowitness a scene of this nature. “ We entered the apartments of the Mayor; his De- phet of God. The man was then immediately taken

out of the room.” fo*y received us, in a very shabby room. Pipes and cutite were served very little conversation. The De

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF pury had a pair of long scissars in his hand, with which

CHRISTIAN FREDERICK SWARTZ. he was cutting little square pieces of paper, called Tesseras; on which he had written Orders or Patents, | CHRISTIAN FREDERICK SWARTZ was born at Sonnenand which he signed with a small signet. Presently a burg, a small town in Prussia, on the 26th of October sout man came in, attended by servants, bearing a 1726. His parents appear to have occupied a respecte present in a basket. The man was a Tunisine, and able station in life. His mother, who was a woman was come to raise troops for Algiers. Never did I eminent for her piety, died during his infancy, and the ke so stoat a man; he seemed built like a tower. education of her son seems to have been a subject which

* The man was soon brought in, and stood at the far occupied much of her attention upon her death bed. pod of the room, in the midst of a group of Turks. As the prayerful Hannah dedicated the infant Samuel There were sixteen Turks in the room, and the Rus- to the God who had given him, saying, “ As long as he sian Dragoman was also present,

liveth he shall be lent to the Lord,” so did the pious

" At

mother of Swartz, with her dying breath, dedicate her Christian Knowledge, kindly granted them a free pas. infant son to the Holy Ministry, and obtained a promise sage out, they proceeded to Deal, where they embarked from her husband and her attendant pastor, that he in the ship Lynn, Captain Egerton. On the 12th of should be trained up in remembrance of this sacred des- March 1750 they set sail, and arrived in India about the tination. When we think of the forty-eight years of middle of the July following. eminent uninterrupted usefulness in the vineyard of We shall now proceed, as briefly as possible, rapidly Christ, which that devoted child afterwards went to sketch the labours of this great and good man. On through, shall we not be convinced that the fervent his arrival at Tranquebar, in Southern India, he effectual prayer of a righteous mother availeth much? laboured in the Danish Mission there for fifteen years.

At the age of eight years, young Swartz was sent to His first endeavour was to make himself master of the the principal grammar school at Sonnenberg, “ where” | language, and in this he was indefatigable. says Dr Pearson, " he received very good impressions seven in the morning,” says he, “we begin, and practise from the moral and religious instructions of its rector, Tamul almost the whole forenoon. Three days in the Mr Holme." At a very early age Swartz used fre- week Mr Maderuss comes to us at ten, and gives us a quently to retire from his companions and pour out lesson in Portuguese. From two to three we again his heart before God, and it is unnecessary to say, read Tamul. Afterwards, every one remains above till that he found this practice highly beneficial. Accord-five. From five to six, I and dear brother Auttemann ingly he mentioned in after life, that when conscious practise speaking Tamul. We perceive that God helps us of having acted wrong, he could never regain tran- on from day to day. In the morning and evening we exquillity of mind, until he had earnestly implored the cite each other by joint prayer and reading the Word of forgiveness of God. During his stay at this school, he God.” In consequence of this diligence he preached partook, for the first time, of the holy communion; but in Tamul four months after his arrival in India; and in although at the time considerably affected, these serious a few months after, entered upon more regular labours. impressions were speedily effaced. Before entering These included a catechetical hour in the Malabar school, the university, he was sent to an academy at the town “ with the youngest lambs”_almost daily excursions of Custrin, where, by associating with thoughtless com- into the villages, speaking with Christians and heathpanions, his affections were still more estranged from God. ens—and preparations for baptism with native converts,

At the age of twenty, Swartz, still undecided in religion, most of whom he afterwards baptized. Catechising the entered the university of Halle, when Professors Baum- Portuguese school, and preaching in Portuguese, were garten, Michaelis, Knapp, and Freylinghausen were in also parts of his regular labours. During his first years the meridian of their glory. But the pernicious in- he read through the Mythological books of the Malabars, Huence of a brilliant literary theology was graciously which gave him great power in arresting the attention of neutralized by the sacred and sanctifying atmosphere of the natives. His extra labours consisted in a pedestrian the orphan house in which he boarded, where he was tour as far north as Cuddalore, and south to Negapatam, chosen to assist in the evening assemblies for prayer, preaching, administering the sacrament, distributing and where he enjoyed intercourse with the pious Pro- books and tracts, " and rejoicing at the evident proots fessor Francke, the zealous supporter of Missions. Here afforded by many, of a cordial reception of the Word of he met with the amiable Schultz, and under his care God." He also made a five montbs' visit to Ceylon. undertook to assist in correcting the printing of the From Point Pedro to Point de Galle, the northern to Tamul Bible, having studied the language simply for the southern extremity of the Island, he preached to This end. Little did he think, when first he sat down Danes, Idolators, and Mahommedans-visited hospitals to its knotty characters, that it would one day be fa- | -admonished clergymen—advised governors and, afwiliar to him as his mother-tongue—that for nearly half ter due preparations, administered the Lord's Supper a century to come it was to be the medium through five times. which he would beseech idolaters to believe in Jesus. Trichinopoly was the next scene of the labours of Thus was the mind of the young student directed to Swartz, during twelve years, under the auspices of the the far distant scene of his holy and happy labours; so English “ Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge." that he writes, soon after his arrival in India, “ It is a Here his income was £48 a-year. A room in an old sweet comfort to my heart that I am enabled to say, it Gentoo building was his lodging, just large enough to - Thou, oh my God, who hast conducted me to these hold himself and his bed. A dish of rice and vegeparts; I have not run hither of my own accord, but tables, dressed after the manner of the natives, was his would rather have declined the call, if thy unseen hand ordinary food. A piece of dimity, dyed black, his anhad not retained me.”

nual supply of clothing. He preached incessantly to At the time when Swartz was studying at the uni- the natives, both in the town and villages round, and versity, Professor Francke was employed in procuring was not long without a congregation of converted Hinmissionaries to be sent to India. Swartz determined doos. From these he chose four or five catechists, whom to offer himself for this arduous enterprise ; could he he contrived to maintain. He daily instructed them how only gain his father's consent. Without delay he set to preach Jesus to their benighted brethren in a winning out for his native place, and there made known his

On their return in the evening they related thoughts to his parent, who, after three days' consider their labours, their difficulties, and their success. The ation signified his consent, and giving him a blessing, English garrison had no chaplain—Swartz cared for their bade bim depart in God's name ; charging him, at the souls-gradually made himself master of the languagesame time, to forget his native country, and his father's first read the English service, and sermons from evanhouse, and to go, and win many souls to Christ. Allgelical English divines,—then preached himself, and with was now preparation for his departue, and although wonderful power persuaded whole garrisons, so that an advantageous offer was made to him of entering they soon subscribed money enough to build him a upon the ministry at home, his mind was so set upon church. He also held a prayer meeting with the most proceeding to India, that he refused to accept of it. pious of the soldiers, which God did not leave without On the 6th of September 1749, he was ordained to the a blessing. sacred ministry at Copenhagen. It being intended that During his residence at this place, while he was one he should proceed to India by way of England, on the day reading an English tract, on the fifteenth chapter 8th of December, he, in company with two other mis- of St. Luke, under a shady tree, an old Hindoo, who sionaries, arrived in London, where they remained six had often entreated him not to trouble him with wecks. The directors of the East India Company his Christian tenets, approached him, in company with Laving, at the request of the Society for Promoting several others, and begged to know what he was read

manner.

ing. Vr Swartz told him that it was a narrative of cold. He describes very touchingly the earnestness and the truly paternal conduct of God towards us, and of solemnity of the reproof he received. What !' said our refusal to render due obedience to his kind and the pious Missionary, shall our gracious God watch gentle government; thus abusing his mercies, and over us through the heat and burden of the day, and bringing upon ourselves distress and misery. Notwith- shall we devour the food which he provides for us at standing this, there was, he said, a way opened by night, with hands which we have never raised in prayer, which we might return to our justly offended Maker, and lips which have never praised him?" and become partakers of his grace and benediction. The following is an extract from a letter addressed The old man being pleased with this parable, Swartz | by Swartz to his friends at Vellore, immediately after proceeded to relate to him that of the sower, telling him his recovery from illness :—“ If the mind be sound, why the seed did not every where bring forth good all is well; the rest we shall quit when we enter into fruit. He comprehended this also perfectly, and asked the grave. That will cure all our bodily indispositions. whether God is not omnipresent. “ Yes,” he replied, On this subject I meditate frequently. And, O! may " he sees every thing that passes on earth, whether it be God grant me grace to do it more effectually, that I good or evil; but bis omnipresence is formidable to the may number my (perhaps very few) days. Eternity is an wicked." The Hindoo said, “In my heart, inwardly, awful subject, which should be continually in our mind. I worship God.” “ If that is the case,” rejoined Mr “ I know, I feel it, that I have no righteousness of Swartz, your outward conduct must prove the rever- my own, whereon I would dare to depend for eternal ence which you profess to entertain in your heart to- happiness. If God should enter with me into judgment, wards the Almighty. What would you think of a man, what would become of me? But blessed, for ever who reproached and even struck you, while he pre- blessed, be the adorable mercy of God, which has protended that he had cordial love for you in his heart ?” vided a sure expedient for guilty man. The atonement The Hindoo confessed that he could not value such of Jesus is the foundation of my hope, peace, love and love. “Neither," he concluded, “ can God accept the happiness. Though I am covered all over with sin, tomage which you profess to feel inwardly for him, the blood of Jesus cleanseth me from all mine iniquities, while in your words and conduct you deny and disho- and sets my heart at rest. Though I am a corrupted Dour him.” Swartz visited Tanjore almost every year, creature, the Spirit of Jesus enlighteneth, cheereth, sometimes three and even four times, visited the Chris- and strengtheneth us to hate and abominate all sin, and tiins, attended the schools, and was introduced to the to renounce the lusts of the world and the flesh. Though Rajah Tuljajee. Early and late, covered over with dust, the day of judgment is approaching, the love of God he preached to the natives, who in great numbers sur- comforts us so far as to have boldness to appear before rounded him. Repentance, Faith, Reconciliation with our Judge; not as if we were innocent creatures, but God, through Jesus Christ, were his themes. He fre- because we are pardoned, washed, and cleansed in the quently expounded the parables, till he was quite ex- blood of Christ. hausted. The people commended his doctrine, and of- “ 01 my dear friends, an interest in the atonement ten said, “ Oh, that the King would embrace it ! all of Jesus, and a participation in the graces of his Spirit; would then forsake heathenism.” At the request of these constitute a Christian, these cheer and strengthen the Rajah, he learned the Mahratta language, to which the heart, these glorify God, and prepare for heaven. Le owed much of his subsequent influence at Court. “ Let us daily, therefore, come before God through

Swartz had been 27 years in India, and was 52 years the blessed Jesus; but let us, at the same time, not of age when he removed his residence to Tanjore, a neglect the second point, viz., our sanctification. Our place of more importance, being the seat of the native time is short. Within some days, I have sojourned government. This formed his head-quarters for the last in this country thirty-four years. The end of my jour. 20 years of his life. It was on his removal thither that ney is, even according to the course of nature, near. he undertook a confidential embassage from the Madras May I not flag! May my last days be the best! But Government to Hyder Ali. All the way to Seringapa- as long as we live together upon earth, let us admonish tam, and even in the palace of the fierce Sultan of My- and stir up one another." sore, he preached Jesus to high and low, as long as his The three years' desolation of the country, during the strength would allow, none presuming to hinder him. Carnatic war, greatly increased the beneficent labours of The only remuneration which he would accept for this Swartz, Many were compelled by famine to join his conexpedition, was a salary to his successor at Trichino-gregation—he both supplied their temporal wants, and fed poly, and bricks and lime for his church at Tanjore. them with the bread of life. For 17 months he ministered His ordinary labours he thus describes :-“ I preach to the bodily necessities of a considerable number. Often froin 8 to 10 to the English_from 10 to 12 to the Ma- 800 poor people assembled. Instead of giving money, he labars—from 4 to 5 to the Portuguese. At 7 in the prepared food and distributed it, many having no cooking evening we have prayer—and then I say, 'Blessed Jesus, utensils. When peace was restored, we find Swartz traI have sowed-give thou the increase.” An occurrence, velling through the south of India, with the help of the which happened about this time, is related by Chris- Madras and native governments, establishing English tian David, who was afterwards ordained by Heber, provincial schools ; and next year confirming the Tinand who, then a boy, waited on Swartz. It is admi- nevelly Mission, which at this day is putting forth the rably characteristic of his primitive godliness.—“They buds of promise. He was still able to go through his Lad been travelling all day, and arriving at a small vil ordinary work among heathens and Christians.“ Meanlage at sunset, the good man sat down under a tree, and while,” (says he) “I feel the approaches of age ; but az conversed with the natives who came round him, whilst | long as I live, and have any strength left, I shall gladly his house-keeper was cooking their evening meal. When take my share in the work.” the rice and curry were spread on the plantain leaf, In a letter written in his 69th Swartz stood up to ask a blessing on the food they were himself:-" Though I am now in the 69th year of going to share, and to thank God for watching over my age, I am still able to perform the ordinary functhem through the dangers of the day, and providing so tions of my office. Of sickness I know little or norichly for their repose and comfort. His heart was full thing. How long I am to say so, my Creator and uf Taritude, and expressed itself in the natural eloquence Preserver knows. My only comfort is the redemption of prayer and praise. The poor boy for some time re- made by Jesus Christ. He is, and shall be, my wisdom. pressed his impatience, but his hunger at last overpower- By him I have received the salutary knowledge which ed bis respect for his master, and he ventured to expos-leads me to the favour of God. He is my righteous. tulate with him, and remind him that the curry would be ness. By his atonement I have pardon of my sins,

year,

he thus expresses

being clothed in his righteousness, my sins will not purest evangelism, warming him with the beams of his appear in judgment against me they are blotted out reconciled countenance, till he sent his branches far and by the atoning blood of Jesus. He is likewise my wide along the rich coast of Coromandel-over the sanctification, In his holy life I best learn the whole well-watered plains of Tanjore—and amid the cinnamon will of God, and by his Spirit I shall daily be encour- groves of spicy Ceylon. His faithful Catechists, the aged and strengthened to hate every sin, and to walk chief of his spiritual family, became, like the bended in the way of the commandments of God. He is, and twigs of the banyan, themselves taking deep root, and I hope he will be, my redemption. By him I shall be growing up around the venerable parent tree, to unite delivered from all evil, and made eternally happy. in forming " a pillared shade," where many an idola

Let others glory in what they please : I will glory trous Hindoo, wearied with the vain search for peace in Christ Jesus, the only and perfect author of all hap- from his miserable idols, sat down to hear the glad tid. piness. Should I presume to rely on my own virtue, ings of salvation by grace. I should despair. Though I heartily wish to obey God, There are many features in the character of Swartz and follow the example of my Saviour; though I will well worthy of our study. His singular disinterestedendeavour by the grace of God to subdue my inclina- ness in regard to money—his unbounded charity, comtion to sin-yet in all this there is, and ever must be, bined with the faculty of carefully husbanding, which imperfection; so that I dare not stand upon so rotten enabled him to leave between £8,000 and £10,000 a ground. But to win Christ, and to be found in him, to the Mission, “that the cause of Christ might be his in life and death, and even in the day of judgment, was heir," may well claim our attention. His peculiar openSt. Paul's wish; this has been the wish of all genuineness of mind gave him amazing power over Hindoos and Christians; this shall be mine as long as I breathe. | Europeans of all sects, made way for him to the heart This was not a peculiarity in St. Paul's character. No; of the Rajah, commanded the reverence of the despotic he admonishes all to follow him in this point. This Hyder Ali himself, and obtained for him an ascendancy close adherence to Christ will not make us indolent in with political governors of all principles, which no other the pursuit of holiness. It will rather impel, strengthen Missionary ever possessed. His powers of speaking to and cheer us in the work of true and Christian holi- the heart_of out witting metaphysical Brahmins of ness. St. Paul wished to be made like unto the death convincing supercilious Mahommedans--of winning the of Jesus, which is the summit of true holiness,

attention and affection of children—are amply testified “ As this, perhaps, may be my last letter to you, by the multitudes whom he drew over to confess the I cannot but entreat you to follow St. Paul, that ex- superior excellence of Christianity, and the goodly cellent pattern of true goodness. By doing so, you company of upwards of six thousand, whom he was inwill easily withstand and overcome the temptations of strumental in turning to the open profession of the a vain world; you will live and die in peace; and, at Gospel. The romantic features of his character were last, be received into glory.

few and simple; as when before leaving Ceylon, he "We have known one another a long time on earth. travelled to Point Pedro, for the purpose of seeing, and May we know one another in a blessed eternity, where preaching under the very tree under which the celesin and sorrow never shall disturb us! Watch and brated Buldæus first preached to the natives. But if pray, that you may be counted worthy to stand before we were asked to point out the leading trait, which, the Son of man your Redeemer.”

above any other, gave a peculiar colouring to Swartz's During his last year, when he was 72 years of age, whole history, we would point to his pervading cheerhaving been 48 years in India, he pursued his usual la- fulness. He seemed to preserve the equal mind in arbours and studies with great feryour. He preached duous circumstances without an effort. Light-heartedevery Sunday in English and Tainul by turns, and on ness, without a shade of levity-unbroken tranquillity, Wednesdays lectured in Portuguese and in German to without a tendency to slothfulness-distinguish him the soldiers of the 51st regiment. He explained the from almost every other Missionary. He lived careful New Testament at morning and evening prayers, and for nothing—and the peace of God fortified his heart dedicated an hour every day to the instruction of the and mind. He died as he had lived. We sung the Malabar children in the truths of Christianity. He took hymn, “ Christ is my life,' says Gerické, “ when he particular delight in visiting the members of his congre- began to sing with us—spoke very humbly of himself, gation, telling them plainly whatever was blameable in and extolled his Redeemer—and wished to be dissolved, their conduct, and animating them by every powerful and to be with Christ. ‘Had it pleased him,' he said, argument to walk worthy of their profession. He lis

to spare me a little longer, I should have been glad. tened to the accounts given by the Catechists of their I should then have been able to speak yet a word to conversations with men of all creeds and characters the sick and poor, but His will be done. May He but and directed them to a wise and faithful discharge of in mercy receive me-into thy hands I commend iny their office. But his strength was visibly on the de- spirit—thou hast redeemed me, O God of truth.' After cline, and he frequently spoke of his departure, to which this, the native assistants sung the last verse of the he looked forward with joy.

hymn-'O head so full of bruises'he joining with What mind can turn away from such a picture as this, them. He then rested a little. After which, he er. without remembering that it is written,

pressed a desire to be raised up, unexpectedly opened The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree;

his lips-and expired in the arms of the faithful native He shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon ;

fellow-labourers of this place." He shall still bring forth fruit in old age; He shall be fat and flourishing.

We cannot refrain from quoting the following beautiOr, if the excursive fancy may change the simile to a

ful description of the funeral of this truly eminent man. tree more suitable to the clime, it might compare him It is written by Mr Kohlhoff, who was present at the to the fig-tree

mournful ceremony:—“His funeral was a most awful and " Such as at this day to Indians known

very affecting sight. It was delayed a little beyond the In Malabar or Deccan, spreads her arms-

appointed time, as Serfojee Rajah wished once more to Branching so broad and long, that in the ground The bended twigs take root, and daughters grow

look at him. The affliction which he suffered at the loss About the mother tree a pillared shade,

of the best of his friends, was very affecting. He shed High overarched, and echoing walks between."

a food of tears over his body, and covered it with a From a remote corner of Germany he came, unaided | gold cloth. We intended to sing a funeral hymn, by birth or splendid talent, or by what the world calls whilst the body was conveyed to the chapel; but we riches—an humble Missionary. God planted him in were prevented from it by the bitter cries and lamentaSouthern India, watering his roots with the streams of tions of the multitudes of poor who had crowded into the

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