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The heathen authors, from that love of the marvel- Nay, the language of ancient Egypt, which has been lous, which made them disfigure the truth in order that so mystified by the hitherto inexplicable character in they might produce effect, have treated us with a ro- which it has been written, must have been originally the mantic story about the peopling of Carthage by a Phæ- same as the Hebrew. This is obvious, on the admitted nician colony under Queen Dido, who tied from Pygma- principle that cognate nations must have kindred tongues. lion, the murderer of her husband Sicheus, and with a Now, Egypt is repeatedly called in Scripture the land of number of faithful followers built the city of Carthage, Ham, and wherever the word Egypt occurs in any verand founded a state, which was for a long period the sion of the Bible, the word in the original is always most formidable enemy of Rome. This story forms one Misraim ; and Misraim was the second son of Ham, of the most beautiful episodes in the Æneid. But we who settled in Egypt, as his elder brother Cush did in have no need of romance to account for the policy of part of Arabia, and his younger brother Canaan, in the an enterprising commercial people like the Phænicians, | land which bore his name. Thus, then, we see the in fixing on such a locality as Carthage for increasing whole of Asia Minor, Assyria, Media, Persia, Arabia, their wealth and extending their influence. They were Palestine, Phænicia, Egypt, and the north of Africa fully aware of the advantage of such situations as Tunis / where it borders on the Mediterranean, all speaking and Algiers for facilitating their commercial enterprises, dialects of the same tongue; whilst we find, in a record and for giving them, in fact, the command of the trade entirely above all suspicion, notices thrown out as it of the Mediterranean. In the enterprising spirit of were by accident, and apparently of no interest whattheir Phænician ancestors, the Carthaginians cast their ever to the general reader, yet explaining what no other eyes on Sicily, which brought them into immediate con- record can unriddle, and supplying a link to connect the tact with the Romans, and led to a long series of des- present race of men with the first generations of the perate conflicts, which ended in the utter ruin of the world. Carthaginian power; insomuch, that the industry of man in modern times has not been able to discover
A JEWISH MARRIAGE. where the rival of Rome, the mistress of the world, Mr Fisk, an American Missionary, gives the following once stood.
account of a marriage ceremony as celebrated among the It only remains to account for the introduction of the
Jews:Hebrew language into Arabia. Sir W. Drummond, in his Origines, without any reference to the subject of “ The gentlemen assembled in a large apartment, in language, states, that Arabia was peopled by the de- reality the court, but now used as a parlour.
We were scendants of Ham. This can only be partially true. seated on a divan at one end of the court, where the It would, however, sufficiently account for the Ara- ceremony was to be performed. Near us stood a large bians speaking a language which was common to the wax candle, and from the ceiling were suspended seven sons of Noah.
chandeliers. Some of the candles were burning, though But there is a distinct and simple statement in Scrip- it was not dark. All the Orientals have a great fondture, which accounts in a most satisfactory manner for ness for burning lamps and candles in their places of the use of the Ilebrew language in Arabia. We read worship, and on all religious occasions. At the oppoin Scripture, that when Ishmael was driven out along site end of the court was a kind of gallery, where the with his mother from the house of Abraham, on the bride was making preparation for the ceremony, and in birth of his son Isaac, he went into the desert, which front of which hung stripes of different coloured paper, must mean Arabia, as it is described as lying between red, pale red, and yellow, some of them covered with Egypt and Assyria ; and there founded, not only a so- gold leaf. Now and then the bride shewed herself vereignty, but established no less than twelve dynasties, through the lattice or wooden net-work, which stood in under his twelve sons, whose names are mentioned, front of the gallery. It reminded us of Solomon's Song, and by which names, many of the districts in Arabia ii. 9, “My beloved is like a roe, or a young bart; bewere afterwards distinguished, such as, Nebaioth, Ke- hold he standeth behind our wall, he looked forth at dar, Jetur, Dumah, &c. We read repeatedly in Scrip- the windows, shewing himself through the lattice.' ture of the tents of Kedar; and some of the first hea- “ About five o'clock the high priest (Rabbi Mercado) then classics speak of Nebaioth, and Jetur or Itur. and five other Rabbis came in, and took their seats on Ovid, in distributing the winds, refers to this Nebaioth, the divan, and the service soon commenced. First, the as a kingdom. And Virgil, in his Georgies, not only clerk and people repeated in Hebrew the eighteen alludes to Itur, from whom the country of Iturea had Benedictions of the name of God. Then the bigh priest its name, but to a distinguishing feature in the cha- arose, and said, Blessed are they who dwell in thy racter of Ishmael, his father; and the Scripture says of House ; they shall praise thee for ever.' The people Ishmael, the father of Itur, that “he went into the responded, Blessed people whose God is the Lord.” wilderness, and became an archer.”
After this the evening prayer was said, in which the Ilere, then, we find a large part of Arabia peopled by name of God occurs eighteen times. Each time this the descendants of Abraham, who spoke the Hebrew name was repeated, the Rabbis shook and trembled. language in its greatest purity. But this is not all; After this prayer the nuptial torch was lighted. It was Esau, the grandson of Abraham, and a kind of outcast a large wax candle, dividing itself into nine branches. like Islımael, established an independent sovereignty in all of which were burning. This was carried up to the Arabia, viz., the kingdom of Edom, or Idumea. The gallery of the ladies, where the bride was waiting, the Scripture tells us, that Esau was also called Edom, and bridegroom being all the time among the gentlemen mentions eight kings descended from him, who governed below. Boys then began to beat on cymbals, and the the kingdom of Idumea. Need we wonder, then, at the bride was conducted down stairs, covered with a long prevalence of the Hebrew tongue in Arabia, when we white veil, preceded by three women with cymbals, find that the whole country was parcelled out into dy- and led by two others. Several women also followed nasties under the government of the descendants of her, one of whom occasionally uttered a shriek, which Abraham the Hebrew ? And I would farther observe, we at first supposed a shriek of distress, but were afterthat the name of Edom explains the epithet of the Red wards told it was an expression of joy. The whole court Sea, which travellers have in vain puzzled themselves now wrung with cries, shouts, and the noise of the cymto explain. This sea was called the Idumean Sea, or bals. The bride being led to the divan, the bridegroom the sea of Edom, and Edom in the Hebrew language took his place by her side, and both continued standing, means red. This is the true origin of the name, and while Rabbi Mercado, accompanied by the people, reall other explanations are futile and absurd,
peated the 45th Psalm, My heart is inditing a good
matter,' &e. The Rabbi then took a cup of wine, and impressions they have left on your hearts, that they said, “ Blessed art thou, O Lord our God, King of the have stimulated and strengthened your gracious affecworld, who hast created the fruit of the vine. The tions and spiritual desires ? If you cannot, you have people responded, “ Blessed be He, and blessed be His reason to pause, to consider, and to ask yourselves name.' Rabbi. 'Blessed be thou, O Lord, who sancti- whether or not you are “ keeping yourselves in the fest thy people by wedding and by marriage. People. love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus * Blessed be He, and blessed be His name.'
Christ unto eternal life"- whether or not you are “ One of the Rabbis then took a ring and put it on “ seeking those things which are above, where Christ the finger of the bridegroom, and then on the finger of sitteth on the right hand of God.” 3. Enquire farthe bride, and then gave it to the bridegroom, who ther whether the pursuit of them will afford you complaced it on the finger of his bride, saying, “ Verily, fort in the immediate prospect of death. Will they thou art espoused to me by this ring, according to the help to assuage the sorrows of dissolution, and dissipate law of Moses and of Israel.' large shawl was then the gloom of the grave? Will they contribute to suisthront over the new married couple, and the Rabbi, tain the confidence, the courage, and the hope of the twice giving them wine to drink, said, “Blessed art thou, departing soul, and to embolden her approach upwards O Lord our God, King of the world, who hast created to the tribunal of the Judge ? Or are they calculated raall things for tby glory. Blessed art thou, O Lord our ther to leave a sting in your awakened conscience, to plant Grd, King of the world, who hast created man in thy a thorn in your dying pillow, and to cast an additional likeness, and hast prepared for him and from him a shade on the dark valley, Ah! my young friends, bouse for ever and ever.' At the end of each sentence, these are so many criteria by which you may judge of the people responded, “ Blessed be He, and blessed be the character and tendency of fashionable amusements, His name.' Rabbi. Rejoice, shout and be merry, thou and discover the duty and importance of “choosing barren. Thou wilt soon gather thy children about thee rather to suffer affliction with the people of God than in joy. Blessed art thou, O Lord, thou that makest to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season.” joyful Zion's children. Thou makest joyful with joy a I most readily grant that periods of relaxation are lovely pair, as thou didst make joyful thy creature ac- necessary to refresh and invigorate the powers of our cording to thy image in the garden of Eden of old. minds. But it does not follow, that we are at liberty Blessed art thou, O Lord, who rejoicest bridegroom and to fritter away valuable portions of time either in ab. bride! Blessed art thou, O Lord our God, King of the ject sloth or frivolous recreations. As moral beings world, who hast created rejoicing and joy, and also accountable to God for the use to which we apply our bridegroom and bride! The voice of love and affection, passing hours, and awaiting an immortal existence becordiality, peace and friendship, shall be speedily heard yond the skies, we should see whether there may not in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem ; be found recreations that combine utility with relaxathe voice of rejoicing and the voice of joy; the voice of tion. It is by no means necessary, as the popular notion the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride ; the voice of is, that the change should be from an employment that sbouting, and of wedding-days, and of marriage, and of is useful to one that is useless; but the object may be feasting-days, and the voice of the music of the youth. even better accomplished by a change that shall keep Blessed art thou, O Lord, who makest joyful the bride- the mind still employed to advantage. If your ordinary groom with the bride, and makest them prosper.' employment is one that lays your faculties under severe
“* After this the bridegroom took the cup of wine and contribution, that to which you resort for amusement tasted it, and then gave to his spouse. Both of them ought undoubtedly to require but moderate mental excontinued standing during the whole service. Then ercise ; and in cases of great exhaustion from intellecthe Rabbi said, · Praise the Lord, for his mercy endur- | tual effort, it may be proper to give the mind, for a eth for ever. Joys shall increase in Israel, and sorrows season, an entire dispensation from the labour of constall tiee away, and it shall be for a good sign.' As the nected thought. But in all ordinary cases, you will Jews present offered their congratulations to the bride- find that in unbending from severe exertion of mind, groom, they said, ' A good sign.' The nuptial torch with reference to renewing that exertion with greater was then extinguished, but immediately lighted again, success, you need not yield to positive inaction, or ucand the bride was reconducted to her chamber by the cupy yourself with any thing that is tritling, but may women with the sound of cymbals.
still be doing something for the benefit of yourself or " While the Rabbis were performing the service, your fellow-creatures. If you regulate your amusesome of the people attended to it with great devotion, ments by a regard to this principle, you will find it a but others were talking, laughing, and walking about most effectual means of redeeming time, and will have the room. The Rabbis went through the service in the the pleasure to reflect " that even your hours of relaxakurried, indistinct manner, which seems to pervade all tion are hours of usefulness.”—MACINDOE. religious services in the East.”
The Love of Christ.-Comparisons can give but a
very imperfect view of this love which passeth knowCHRISTIAN TREASURY.
ledge. Though we should suppose all the love of all Laxfulness of Amusements.-In judging of the innow the men that ever were, or shall be on the earth, and ence or immorality of prevalent amusements, you will all the love of the angels in heaven, united in one heart, do well to keep before your minds the three following it would be but a cold heart to that which was pierced qur:tions as so many tests. 1. Can you make them with the soldier's spear. The Jews saw but blood and the subject of believing prayer ? Supposing you have water, but faith can discern a bright ocean of eternal ventured to engage in them, can you ask the bles- love flowing out of these wounds. We may have some sing of God to accompany them, for your benefit ? and impression of the glory of it, by considering its effects. on returning from them, perhaps at the hour of mid- We should consider all the spiritual and eternal bles. rigat, can you offer up thanks to him for having given sings, received by God's people for four thousand years you the opportunity of joining in them? if you can- before Christ was crucified, or that have been received Dot, be assured they are amusements which cannot en- since, or that will be received till the consummation of dure the scrutiny of an enlightened conscience, or the all things ; all the deliverances from eternal misery; elp of a boly God. 2. Can you indulge in them with all the oceans of joy in heaven; the rivers of water of Guit having your religious feelings impaired or weakened? life, to be enjoyed to all eternity, by multitudes as the Can you return from them with an increased wish for sand of the sea-shore-we should consider all these the study of divine truths, and the enjoyment of devo- blessings as flowing from that love, that was displayed tional duties? Can you say, after ruminating on the in the cross of Christ.--MacLaurin,
ON MUNGO PARK'S FINDING A TUFT OF GREEN MOSS IN
THE AFRICAN DESERT.
“ WHATEVER way I turned, nothing appeared hut danger and difficulty. I saw myself in the midst of a vast wilderness, in the depth of the rainy season, naked and alone, surrounded by savage animals, and men still more savage. I was five hundred miles from the nearest European settlement. At this moment, painful as my reflections were, the extraordinary beauty of a small moss in fructi. fication irresistibly caught my eye. I mention this to show from what trifling circumstances the mind will sometimes derive conso. lation, for though the whole plant was not larger than the top of one of my fingers, I could not contemplate the delicate conformation of its roots, leaves and capsule, without admiration. Can that Being, thought I, who planted, watered and brought to perfection, in this obscure part of the world, a thing which appears of so small importance, look with unconcern upon the situation and sufferings of creatures formed after his own image? Surely not. I started up, and disregarding both hunger and fatigue, travelled forward assured that relief was at hand, and I was not disappointed."
The sun had reached his mid-day height,
On Afric's barren land;
Was filled with glowing sand.
In all the weary plain ;
eye were seen,
These deserts to explore-
In wilds untrod before.
Than ever heroes dream-
Whence fiows salvation's stream ?
Our burning zeal oppose-
And blossom as the rose.
Covered his burning head,
All nature seemed as dead.
Fixed his delighted gaze-
His lips o’erflowed with praise.
Thy fellow exile save ?
Me from a scorching grave !"
And bore him safe along ;
Lulled by the negro's song,
Thus, we in this world's wilderness,
Seem undisturbed to reign-
And join our homeward strain.
Expectant of the skies,
Meets our admiring eyes.
Hath all its beauty given ;
And brilliant hues of heaven.
New hope distends the breast,
And seek the pilgrim's rest.
Oh," exclaimed he, “ let us begin the Bible.”
Clear views of a Greenlander.— The following is from a discourse of a Greenland convert :-" How deep our fall must have been, we may learn from the sufferings of Jesus! When God created the visible world, he used only one word,” • Let it be,' and it was; but our redemption could not be accomplished by a word; to restore us poor creatures He had to descend from heaven_live and suffer as man-tremble, and groan, and sweat bloody sweat ;-and at last expire in torments,-that He might redeem us by His blood. Can any one therefore, refrain from loving our Saviour, and devoting soul and body to His service?"
Wilberforce, the son of the late Rev. Legh Richmond, two hours and a-half before his death, went to bed and laid his head upon the pillow. His father said,
“ So he giveth his beloved rest.” Wilberforce replied, and sweet indeed is the rest which Christ gives." He never awoke from this sleep.
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WHY ARE CHRISTIANS AVERSE TO found where so much division and disorder maniRECOGNISE THEIR OWN CHRISTIANITY? festly reigned. When we hear the uncharitable
and narrow-minded severely pronouncing that a BY THE Rev. James SIEVERIGHT,
true Christian is one of the rarest things in the Minister of Markinch.
world, we lay no stress on a judgment tinged with A young child of a reflecting turn of mind, in malevolence, and dictated by a morbid propensity which the seeds of piety had been early sown, to detraction. None but a Christian can judge when first taught to read the doctrines and pre- fairly of other men's Christianity, and none will cepts of Jesus Christ in the New Testament, be- / judge more leniently than he. sought her parents, with constant importunity, to Others complain that few true Christians are to tell her where Christians lived_saying, she long- be met with, because they entertain a mistaken and ed to go to their country and dwell there, to see preposterous idea of what Christianity actually is. In their divine religion, and live like them. And when certain minds of an imaginative texture, there floats her parents smiled at her simplicity, and told her a vague and indefinite conception of the religion of she saw Christians every day, and had always liv-Christ, to which are assigned qualities the most ed among them, it seemed to her a mockery; for romantic and superhuman. It is something too those she had hitherto known, appeared, she exalted to walk on earth,—too angelical to tenthought, to have nothing in their manner of liv- ant a corporeal frame,—too mystic and refined to ing that resembled the disciples of Jesus, and mingle with life's ordinary conditions, or associate therefore could not be the people she desired to with the homeliness of common sense. It deals see. This might seem a childish fancy, which a in abstractions which it seldom sees even partially wider range of observation, with a ripened under- embodied in human character, and admits nothing standing and an experienced eye, would in a little to be Christian, but what is shiningly and superlawhile chase away." It were well, however, if a tively so. Initial steps, gradual progress, imperfect Want of conformity to Christ among nominal holiness, it disclaims, and calls for absolute attainChristians were but the fancy of inexperienced ments, and full conformity to its own arbitrary youth, and not a fact of such frequent occurrence model. It will not own grace in the stalk nor in that sober reason is compelled to own it ; and the blade ; shew it the full ear, otherwise your struck with the palpable incongruity, and unable plant is fit only to be cast into the fire. These to reconcile ordinary practice with the holy prin- persons look down from their transcendent alticiples of the Christian faith—reason demands other tude upon the Christian world beneath, and men examples, and asks, like the untutored child, Where of highest Christian stature ppear in their eyes shall Christians be found ?
scarcely distinguishable, while the ordinary sort We are aware that many things, besides the are not recognised at all. pure love of Christianity, may induce men to com- There are more Christians, however, in the plan that Christians are rare. There is a fault- world than the uncharitable either wish or know, finding generation, who spy nothing but spots and and far more than the advocates of an ideal Chriswrinkles in the fairest features of Christian cha- tianity will ever allow. Is the baptised world then racter; to whom censure is a mental repast, and full of Christians ? To ascertain this matter, let who take as much pleasure in the discovery and us lay aside the report both of the romantic publication of some new fault or inconsistency in and the uncharitable, and go forth for information men eminent for piety, as is felt by those who ex- with an unerring standard in our hands. What plore the starry firmament, on bringing to light standard is more authentic than that exhibited by some new celestial phenomenon. Had such censo- our Lord in his Sermon on the Mount ? With it, rous observers beheld the church at Corinth, as therefore, we repair to yonder bright and brilliant described by its apostolic founder, instead of own- assembly, gaily disporting themselves in all moods 2. that the Lord " had much people there,” they of mirth that youthful fancy, devising pastime, can Fivuld have rather denied that any such could be suggest. They were all baptised, and, no doubt,
call themselves Christians. Let us apply our | formally in the temple, let us follow them into Lord's Beatitudes to this gamesome throng, and their dwellings apart, and learn from their sponsee which of these flitting figures abides the test ? | taneous and habitual order of life what evidence which of them on its application stands confest a of Christianity they afford. And, first of all, it is serious Christian ? They will be serious on Sab- reasonable to inquire what they themselves think : bath we are told. Of that we are not sure ; but of their state. And here, to our surprise, we tindu we know they are not serious now. We turn scarce one among twenty that freely and frankly !!! away grieved at the result ; reflecting on the va recognises his own Christianity, without reserves nity of seeking Christians under a mask of folly. and hesitations, that indicate a mind unsatisfied,
But yonder is a congregated populace, whose and most unassured as to its own belief. It would shouts and vehemence indicate some vast tumult seem as if an “almost Christianity” were to many » of anger or transport of joy. These, too, were an ultimate attainment—and nothing is more rare baptised Christians. Shall we apply our Beatitudes among the generality of modern Christians, than here? Shall we begin to say,—“ Blessed are the a full, sincere, and hearty recognition of the truth, poor in spirit-blessed are the meek-blessed are as personally accepted, and consciously held, and inthey that hunger and thirst after righteousness?"- genuously professed. How is it that the most careno man hears us—our blessings are drowned in less stand to the profession of Christianity, and cry, the wild uproar-our test is disregarded—and we we are Christians”—while men of much
apparent ourselves hardly escape the trial of some Shibbo- worth, of much profession in other respects
, and leth, with which we are fiercely menaced. We goodly practice, when we come to ask them if they hasten from an arena of strife, clamour, and agita- are altogether Christians—if they are believers, and tion, well befitting the ancient worshippers of “the have faith-seldom own a settled persuasion as to image that fell down from Jupiter,” but most un- their state? No doubt, it is sin and deep ignorance suitable to the character of those we seek. We that prompts the careless class so boldly to aver are bid tarry, and look more narrowly at the scene, their Christianity; but we cannot discern the virand we may chance to discover even ministerstue of disavowal, or of a partial qualified recogni. there. It may be so, we answer ; but it is Chris- tion, on the part of others, from whose manner of tians we seek'; and if Christians, compelled by a life a direct acknowledgment of interest in Christ sense of duty, should shew themselves there ; their might have been fairly anticipated. In fine, were duty fulfilled they will not swell the public pas- we to estimate Christians by the rule of recognission, but retire in peace.
ing their own Christianity, we should be led to Some one now chides us for seeking Christians think that true Christians are less numerous among at scenes and seasons such as we have hitherto de- us than we had fondly believed. Not that we un scribed. “Go to the Sabbath concourse, and num- christianise all who decline to recognise their own ber, if
you car, the followers of Christ.” Thither, faith—for many upright souls belong to this numaccordingly, we repair, and at first sight conclude, ber, who clearly shew to others what themselves that now the Christian world is found. This con- profess they but doubtfully see. But we think clusion is somewhat shaken on a nearer view, a greater decision in this respect would obviate sometimes by the fewness of the worshippers in many anxieties that disquiet the mind, and imthe midst of a teeming population, and sometimes pede the practice of duties, as well as hinder the by a lamentable want of attention, reverence, and expansion of grace. devotion, conspicuous in the greater part of the Sabbath auditory. Notwithstanding these occa
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF THE sional abatements, however, we freely admit, that
REV. THOMAS BOSTON. were the estimate to be taken in churches only
Author of the " Fourfold State," &c. one would easily infer that our land is full of Or all the names that adorn the annals of piety in our Christians. But, ir our judgment, he is not a land, there is not, perhaps, one which is more uniformly Christian in church who is not one out of it ; and associated in the minds of our countrymen with the on this principle we reckon pulpit-Christians, and religion of the heart, than is that of Thomas Boston. In pew-Christians, of little account, unless every day, born in the town of Dunse, on the 17th of March
his life written by himself, he tells us, that he was conduct bear the application of Christian rule, and 1676, that he was the youngest of seven children, and unless the stream of life that runs through the six having been born in his mother's old age, he was, thereother days of the week, be traceable to the sanc- fore, sometimes called “ God's-send." Trifing as this tuary as its source, and plainly taste of its origin. last circumstance may appear, we have no doubt that it
We do not reckon God's husbandry fruitless, had considerable effect in regulating the future current nor suppose that the field of the world is unpro-dren are often influenced by very trivial matters; and
A parent's views with respect to his chilductive of beiter things, because tares grow rank- there is little doubt that Boston at a future period ly, and first attract the passer by to notice them. of his life, often in casting bimself upon the care of True Christians, taken collectively, are doubtless Providence, reflected that he was in a manner the child a numerous host; only we seldoin find them hi- of Providence. therto in masses of imposing magnitude—and both of them appear however to have served the Lord.
We know but little of the character of his parents, therefore, leaving the myriads of church-going His father, indeed, suffered imprisonment as a noncon: Christians with no attempt to measure the length forinist, which shews this much at least, that he looked and breadth of their Christianity while assembled I upon religion as a matter of vitul importance,