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it received erewhile, shall be restored by it, in- | But you know, my brethren, you who are previstinct with the vigour, and fresh with the beau- vusly acquainted with the following history, how ties, of immortal youth, when the body of vile- totally unwarranted any such conclusion, in regard ness" shall be transfigured like the Saviour's “bo- to Jesus and the family of Bethany, would have dy of glory,”—when “ what was sown in corrup- been. At this point, therefore, let us take home tion shall be raised in incorruption, what was sown to our hearts the lesson which is suggested so ofin dishonour shall be raised in glory, what was ten in the course of this memorable narrative, that sown in weakness shall be raised in power; and the Christian is always bound to believe, and has so shall be brought to pass the saying that is the most ample reason for believing, that, in the written, Death is swallowed up in victory." appointments and administration of the all-ruling
The disciples, confused and blunted as their Providence towards them, his Saviour's meaning perceptions were with fear and dislike to the jour- is always kind, however harslı, to mortal ear, may ney into Judea, mistook, as we are next informed, be the sound of his decrees, however frowning, to the import of the figurative, but at the same time, mortal eye, may be the aspect of his dealings. one should have imagined, very intelligible ex- Christ's feelings on this occasion,-feelings of pression, hy which the Saviour announced to them joy that he had not interposed his delivering power
, the death of Lazarus. Their misapprehension was on behalf of the afflicted family, whom he loved probably assisted by the recollection of what he so dearly, and who loved him so dearly in return, had declared, only two days before, concerning are explained by what he adds respecting the reathe disease under which their common friend at sons of that joy. It sprang, you may be sure, Bethany was labouring : “ This sickness is not from no delight in buman suffering or sorrow, unto death.” Apparently excluded by this declar- from no ignorance of the condition, no indifference ation of him, not one of whose words, they knew, to the feelings of his friends. God forbid ! but would ever fall to the ground, from interpreting from his ruling and absorbing wish to promote the the sleep of which he now spake of that funereal glory of his Father, and tho true, the spiritual adsleep whose couch is the lonely sepulchre, they vantage of his people. “I am glad,” says he, imagined that he spake, not of his death, but of “ for your sakes, that I was not there, that ye that natural repose whose dews, descending on may believe,”—that ye may receive increase and the sufferer's eyelids, are so often the most pre-confirmation to your faith,—that I may have the cious cordial of sickness, the best anodyne of pain, opportunity of giving you a demonstration of my the blessed harbingers of returning health. “Dear authority and Messiahship, so splendid, as shall balm of sleep,” exclaims an ancient poet, dispel from your minds the last lingering shade of “ Dear balm of sleep, erpeller of discase,
doubt which may, at any time, obscure the clearHow sweet thou visitest these longing eyes !” ness of your conviction that I am He. The exTherefore said the disciples, “ Lord, if he sleep, planation which our Saviour thus gives of wbat he shall do well.” “ Then,” it is added, “ Then was mysterious in his thoughts, and feelings, and said Jesus unto them plainly, Lazarus is dead; conduct towards Lazarus, may be applied, in a and I am glad,” he continues, “that I was not form only a little more general, to whatever may there." Had he been present, the compassionate seem trying and difficult in his procedure, now Saviour felt, that he must have done violence that, as the Sovereign of providence, he is ordering to the instincts of his human heart-a heart so all things pertaining to every individual, and every finely strung to all human sympathies that are household, “ according to the counsel of his own innocent and pure,—and must have appeared to will.” He does nothing without a reason,-noall around in a character the most unlike his own, thing without a good reason, a reason that implies -dead to the genial glow of friendship, and to the advancement of his people's real welfare, calthe holy touch of pity, had he resisted the entrea- culated on the consideration of their whole existties of the beloved sisters, enforced with all the ence, as well as of the glory of his own and of his eloquence of their impassioned words, and with the Father's name. His choice, however, always prodeeper eloquence of their imploring tears, that he ceeds, and so should our judgments and estimates should exert his miraculous power to save their of his procedure, upon the principle that moral, common Lazarus—his friend, their brother—from reckoned in the denomination of physical, good is the untimely fate which seemed ready to involve infinitely valuable ; that to purchase the least him. From the words of Jesus, partially heard imaginable degree of spiritual profit, at the expense and partially understood, a conclusion inconsistent of the greatest conceivable amount of temporal with the love with which he had hitherto appeared suffering, were to secure an invaluable gain. Take to regard the inmates of the home of Bethany, this principle along with you, and then be sure seemed to follow, at least, as directly as the feeling that, even amidst the severest sorrows, and sacrito which remaining unbelief sometimes gives birth, fices, and toils, and bereavements of his people, in the Christian's heart,—the feeling that he has Jesus, while his bosom warms to them, at the mobeen harshly dealt with by the Lord of providence, ment, with deepest and tenderest sympathy, yet follows, in any case whatever, from the aspect and sees reason to be glad ; perceives a gain about to apparent meaning of God's doings, so imperfectly arise, more than sufficient to counterbalance all seen and so imperfectly comprehended as they are, the loss at present incurred; accounts it more by mortal minds, in the present overclouded scene. profitable for them, and for the Church at large,
AS CONDUCTED IN SOME PARTS OF SCOTLAND,
that they should suffer, than that they should tri- | falling ominously on his coffin lid; we help to pile it up umph. More especially is this declared in holy and to press it down upon his breast, as if determined writ to be true concerning the death of genuine
to shut Him out for ever from all connection with the
living world. And what are our feelings, and what is believers. It was the case with respect to the
our conduct all the while ? Are our thoughts with the death of Lazarus. It is the case with respect to dead? Are we resolving to profit by this fresh lesson the death of those, the final causes of whose of our mortality? Are we speaking one to another of departure are hidden in the bosom of Omniscience; our latter end? Are we forming, in our minds, plans of for “precious,”—that is, not permitted to take preparation for our own departure ? Are our souls rising place at random, never appointed nor allowed
on the wings of devotion, and clinging closer and closer
to Him who has conquered death, and destroyed the without a just consideration, a consideration of no ordinary value,—“ precious in the sight of the grave?.0, no! Our hearts are still untouched. As if
we bore a charm against a similar fate; as if we had Lord is the death of his saints."
“made a covenant with death, and with the grave were To be concluded in our next.
at agreement,” we care for none of these things. Our
affections are still set on earthly things, totally forzetTHE BURIAL OF THE DEAD,
ful that a few feet of earth will, erelong, be all that we can call our own. Instead of the still and solemn silence
which so well become the chamber of death, "foolish BY THE Rev. William Malcolm,
talking and jestings, which are not convenient," are not Minister of Leochel-Cushnie.
unusual there. There all the idle gossip, and all the inIn nothing is the characteristic thoughtlessness of men jurious scandal of the day, are too often retailed. And, more strikingly marvellous than in the indifference with strange as it may seem, it is no uncommon thing to hear which they view the ravages of death around them, men, dying men, making their bargains, buying and selland the ease with which they put away from them the ing, over the bier and around the grave of a fellowimpressive admonitions which these give them of their creature. It has been thought that Abraham uttered an latter end. It were difficult, one would think, to hyperbole wben he said to the rich man, that if men banish from the mind for a moment, the certainty of believed not Moses and the prophets, neither would death, and the consequences that must follow. It they be persuaded though one rose from the dead." But might be supposed, that merely to hear of death; to the little or no impression which death's daily visits be informed by report, that there was within our among us produce, shows that he spoke only the words world such a power at work as death,—that during the of truth and soberness. revolution of past ages, a few of our race had fallen be- Of the various causes which have helped to increase neath his hand, and that it was not improbable but that this evil, the manner of conducting funerals, at least in in the course of future ages, say, ere a thousand years various parts of the country, is one of the niost powerful. had passed away, the same fell destroyer would aim at A very strong, though, in the way in which it operates, a us his unerring shaft; it might be supposed that merely very mistaken desire, has long existed among the people to hear of this by the hearing of the ear were informa- of Scotland, to lay their dead, as they call it, derently tion of such startling interest as to make the most in- in the ground. With this view they deem it necessary, considerate serious, and the bare probability of death in many parts, to keep open table, at which there is a one day overtaking us, would haunt our steps by day constant round of eating and drinking, night and day, and our pillow by night. And yet the very reverse of while the corpse is in the house. No sooner has the this is the truth. We not only hear of death : our spirit gone to its last account, than a messenger is diseyes, it may be said, see him. We behold him making patched to purchase the requisite provisions: and, along havoc on every side of us, slaying from day to day, his with the winding-sheet for the dead, there is laid in an thousands and his tens of thousands; sparing neither ample supply of provisions for the entertainment of the rank, nor age, nor sex ; entering into every house and living. So that this mistaken plan of laying the dead haling men, and women, and children into his dark decently in the ground, often involves the survivors in abode. And we know that there is no discharge in expenses which lie beavy on them for years. that war, that we too must needs die ; that our birth The first abuse which ensues is at the late wakes, ar is nothing but our death begun; that when a few years watching the dead-a custom which, in the places referare come we shall go the way whence we shall not re- red to, universally prevails. After night-fall, crowds as turn,-nay, that“ in a moment, in the twinkling of an semble from the neighbourhood. This, we adinit, is eye,” our breath may depart and our thoughts and pur- generally done from the kindliest motives, and set it poses perish. With the certain knowledge of all this would be exceedingly difficult to assign any proper res no serious impression is made upon our minds. We son for it. It can do no good to the dead, and it ofen continue as exclusively devoted as ever to the pleasures puts the living to great inconvenience. At these meeto and pursuits of this passing scene.
ings, portions of the Scriptures are often read; but wies We hear of the illness of a neighbour or acquaintance. there is no person of authority present, it not unite Day after day we are told that he is sinking rapidly,- quently happens that they are converted into scenes of that his strength is failing,—that his countenance is most unseemly merriment. If the custom of sitting with changing,—that he is even becoming indifferent to that the corpse cannot yet be laid aside, surely two or thirt world which he once loved so well. At last the ac- individuals might be sufficient for the purpose. counts reach us that he is no more. We visit his On the day of the funeral, the people, having been dwelling—we see him laid out in his grave clothes ; asked to convene generally at nine o'clock in the me we mark the melancholy change which death has pro- ing, begin to assemble about noon; and from that duced ; the arm lately so vigorous is now powerless till four, and sometimes five o'clock in the afternavn, and unstrung; the eye lately so bright with vivacity the drinking of punch, and the smoking of tobacco, 27 and health, is now closed; and on the cheek where the carried on with hardly any interruption. The effe smile of joy was wont to play, now sit the clayey hue are soon manifest. When you enter the place of a and the cold damp of death. We attend his funeral; ing, a very becoming stillness prevails. But, as the we hear the lamentation and weeping of his disconso-toxicating draught circulates, the noise gradusi* late relatives; we assist in carrying his remains to the
The politics of the day, and the prins churchyard; we see the skulls of former generations grain and black cattle, begin to be discussed. Burrats scattered about the grave's mouth; we hear the mould are struck, and improvements planned ; and the main
joke, and the loud laugh, but too plainly proclaim, that, | frame regulations unless the clergyman, or some even in the presence-chamber of death, men have for- one having equal authority, attend for a long time, it gotten that they too must die. And this is putting our may be for years, and see them enforced; and that deau decently in the ground!
the authority of the clergyman, in such cases, will But it is well if there is nothing even worse than always be readily acknowledged, and cheerfully subthis. For, besides the painful and disgusting sight of mitted to. rational creatures reeling to and fro, holding by the In towns, where the distance is small, and the time spoke or the collin, or perhaps rolling among our feet as regulated by public clocks, he is aware tbat only a quarwe move on ward to the house appointed for all living, ter of an hour is allowed for the people to convene; it sometimes happens that, under the maddening influ. but in the country, watches and distances are so difference of ardent spirits, disputes arise, old quarrels are ent, that he felt from the first, and experience has conrevived, fierce words are exchanged, blows are given, firmed the opinion, that an hour would be required for and blood is shed at the very grave's edge! And this is that purpose, and more than this, he is equally convinced, putting our dead decently in the ground!
is unnecessary. Far be it from us to inciude all in such a serious Great care ought to be taken in fixing the hour, and charge. There are always some who keep themselves in asking the people. The hours which are best kept, unspotted from such unseemly practices, and, in the are eleven in the forenoon, and four in the afternoon. midst of temptation, are sober and temperate in all Had he not been afraid of attempting too much at things. There are some, indeed, who stay away till first, bis desire was to carry the improvement still farthe very moment of lifting, that they may witness as ther, and not only limit the time, but lay down some little as possible of such painful exhibitions.
special and definite rule for the entertainment; such as It is pleasing, however, to think, that inveterate and offering no refreshment till the greater part of the extensively prevalent as these abuses are, they are not people are assembled, and then in very moderate quanincurable. A wish is very generally felt by the people tites. He is not without hopes of yet seeing this imto have them corrected. Let a trial be made, and it provement introduced. Were it done in one instance, will be found that any well-advised measure for their the example, he is confident, would be speedily followremoval will be readily gone into. The writer of this ed. And the man who does set the example, will be article will be permitted to state, for the benefit of amply rewarded in the pleasing consciousness of having cthers, his own experience in the matter. Irregular done much to promote that sobriety and seriousness attendance at funerals, with all its accompanying evils, which ought to mark the demeanour of all on such a existed in his parish to a great
ent. But he observed solemn occasion. that his people, such is the power of custom, practised a system, which yet they strongly condemned, and
WINTER, AN EMBLEM OF DEATH. wished very much to have reformed. Aware of the difficulty of exploding an old established usage, he set The seasons of the year have been aptly compared with himself anxiously and prayerfully to make the attempt. the various stages in the life of man. Spring, when Resolutions were drawn out, the substance of which Nature bursts into new life, and with such grace unfolds was, that henceforth an hour should be fixed by those its growing charms, amidst alternate smiles and tears, chietly concerned, for the people to convene; with the beautifully shadows forth the period of infancy and understanding, that exactly an hour after, or as near to youth ; summer, with its full-blown beauties, and its it as possible, the corpse would be removed. These vigorous powers, represents the maturity of manhood; resolutions, the beads of families readily signed, binding autumn, when the golden barvests are reaped, and the themselves most solemnly to do all in their power to fields are stripped of their honours, and exhausted Nacarry them into effect. It might have been supposed, ture begins to droop, is a striking figure of the finished that the reformation desired was now accomplished; but labours, the grey hairs, and the advancing feebleness of it was not. Highly as the people approved of the new old age; while winter, cold, desolate, and lifeless, insystem, yet whenever it fell to their dot to put it in dicates, with an accuracy not more remarkable then it practice, there was found an apprehension lingering is affecting, the rigid features and prostrate energies of about their lest, by curtailing the time, and conse- the human frame in death. quently the entertainment, tney might be thought to do This dismal month of December, which closes the the thing meanly, and be justly accused of not putting year, seems peculiarly calculated to remind us of human their dead decently in the ground. To obviate this, he decay. The vital powers which produced and sustainresolved, if possible, to attend every funeral within his ed vegetation are withdrawn; the forests are leafless ; parish, and by openly insisting on the regulations being hill and dale mourn their faded verdure; a dismal gloom observed, to take upon himself the whole odium which covers the face of the sky, and cheerless desolation might, for a time, attach to a change of system. He reigns. Recollections of the past, and anticipations of let it be known, that though asked he would not attend the future, oppress the sensitive mind. Let us turn if the regulations were not to be followed; and that if, our thoughts, then, on the congenial subject of death : when he did attend, he observed a determination to in- it is the common lot of every thing that lives. From fringe them, he at least would keep them, by leaving the microscopic insect, to man--the lord of the earththe house at the hour appointed. This, however, he all must die. Each has its spring, its summer, and its has never been obliged to do : for though, on some oc- autumn ;--each, also, las its winter. With some, life casions, there seemed a little reluctance to remove till is literally but a single day—or less, a single hour, perthe usual entertainment was given, his reminding them haps ;-others survive even the period of human existof their solemn engagement had always the desired ef- ence; but the various stages of life belong to the fect. And now the reformation is so far established, ephemera, as well as to the elephant; and the former that when the clergyman is unable to attend, it requires fulfils the end of its being, as well as the latter; while only a hint from the elder of the quarter, or any respect the minutes of the one are, perhaps, equally pregnant able person present, to put the whole company in mo- with incidents, as the days of the other. tion, W'bat be has stated of his own part in bringing Death is gloomy and revolting, if we look only at its about this change, is, he is conscious, with no view to externals. Who, that has seen a lifeless corpse, has claim any merit to himself,—for he is well aware that been able to remain unmoved, by the affecting contrast had it not been put into the hearts of his good people to its former self which it exbibited ? The closed and to go along with him, he must have failed at once, sunken eye, which erewhile beamed with intelligence, but for the purpose of showing that it will be vain to or sparkled with delight; the motionless lips, which
gave utterance to sentiments of wisdom and of piety, | does it assame? What conflicts and what triumphs or, perhaps, of reckless folly and unblushing falsehood ; are reserved for it? These are questions which curia the heart which beat with feeling, and the head which osity, that powerful principle, unites with every seilisha meditated, planned, and formed conclusions,—what and every ennobling feeling of the human beart, 19 are they now? A heap of lifeless clay_a mass of cor- urge on the attention. And what is the answer which ruption-food for worms !
the divine oracles return ? Man is a sinner, and "the But when we look deeper, and regard death with the wages of sin is death.” Such is the appalling response. eye of reason and religion, it assumes a very different And what is death ? Not the separation of the soul aspect. The body is but the house of the soul. The from the body merely, but the separation of both soul feeble tenement has fallen into decay, and its living in and body from God for ever. And there is no remedy. mate hus removed. It is but the covering in which the Not in the power of man, but in the grace and merey chrysalis was confined; the time of its change has ar- of God. “God so loved the world, that he sent his rived, and it has burst its shell, to expatiate in a new only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on Him life; or rather it is the instrument with which an in- might not perish, but have everlasting life.” The intelligent being performed its work ;-the task is finish- carnate Son of the Eternal God is our Saviour. He edibe instrument is worn out, and cast away-the came to earth and assumed our form and nature, that artificer has gone to other labours.
He might take away sin by the sacrifice of Himselt. Such is the conclusion of reason, and the analogy of His own words are, “I am the resurrection and the Nature gives countenance to the view. Nothing is an- life. Whosoever believeth in me, though he were dead, nihilated. Every thing, indeed-organized matter yet shall be live; and whosoever liveth and believeth above all-grows old, corrupts, and decays; but it does in me, shall never die.” not cease to exist, it only changes its form. The herbs, Blessed assurance! But does it belong to all? Alas, the towers, and the leafy pride of spring and summer, no! It belongs only to believers. All else are excluded. wither, fall, and are mingled with their parent earth; What, then, is the portion of unbelievers? There is but from their mouldering remains, elements are fur-only one answer,-- Spiritual death." Their inheritnished which clothe a new year with vegetable life, as ance is, the undying worm, and the unquenchable fire. fresh, and abundant, and lovely as before. Nature is | The offer of life has been freely inade, and they have not dead, but sleepeth. The seeds, roots, and buds of rejected it : It has been urged upon them by every the year that is past, are preserved through the rigours of motive; it has been enforced by every sanction, and winter with admirable care till the voice of a new spring | yet they have rejected it. The means of grace, the calls them once more into life, that the seasons may warnings and lessons of Providence, in the varied 06again run their course, and autumn may again spread currences of life, have all been employed in vain. They her liberal feast. Neither does the soul perish. It has have chosen death, and have sealed their own doom. “ shuttled off its mortal coil," but it has not ceased to But to you who close with the offered redemption it live. This is a conclusion at which we confidently is not less secure, than it is glorious in the means emarrive.
ployed, and unspeakably gracious in the blessings beWhat, then, has become of this ethereal spark? Rea- stowed. By the vicarious sufferings of the Son of God, son cannot tell; but conjecture has been rife. Some sin is punished, and the sinner absolved ; eternal justice have imagined that the disembodied spirit passes into is satisfied; and infinite holiness is reconciled. Fron other bodies, and runs a new course of birth, life, and horrors of impending destruction, the guilty descendant death, in new forms--that all living things, from the of Adam is introduced to anticipations of everlatis lowest to the highest grade, are possessed of souls, life;--the child of Satan has become an adopted child which either have animated, or may yet animate, hu- of God; the heir of bell, a joint heir with Christ of man frames, and that a constant change from species to the blessedness of heaven. species, and from individual to individual, is taking place, What, then, is death? It is to the Christian but the regulated, in some mysterious way, by the law of retri- passing away of a feverish dream, and an awaking to the bution. This ingenious fancy, which has been called the glorious realities of an endless and unclouded day, doctrine of metempsychosis, or transmigration, has been This at least it is, as far as regards his soul. But his widely disseminated through the extensive regions of the body goes down to the grave, and for all that we can East, and has given a very peculiar mould to the practices, perceive is finally resolved into its native elements and even to the moral character of those who receive it. Yet it is not so. A germ remains. It is like seed A prouder and more metaphysical philosophy, which pre- buried in winter by the sower, beneath the sluggish vails in the same quarter of the world, bas offered an- soil, that it may undergo a mysterious change, and rise other solution of the question. All life, it is said by again to life, in a new season, under a more propitious the followers of this sect, is but an emanation from the sky. The spring of an eternal year will come. It wil great fountain of existence a drop from the universal breathe on the dry bones, and they sball live. Thes ocean of life. Death comes, and the emanation is ab- shall the soul be reunited to its material frame, "Sov* sorbed--the drop returns to the ocean, and mingles, a natural body, but raised a spiritual body;" and this undistinguished, with its parent element.
mysterious reunion, which seems essential to the per: Another doctrine, well known, because associated fect happiness of human beings, will consummate the with all our classical recollections, is that of Greece and appointed period, when death, the last enemy, shall be Rome; which assigns to souls a separate state of exist- i “swallowed up in victory;" when time itself shall ence in the infernal regions, where rewards and punish- perish, along with the revolution of seasons ; and when ments are awarded, according to the good or evil deeds one vast, 'changeless incomprehensible eternity, shaii of a present life. The puerile fables, false morality, and embrace all." fanciful traditions, which are mingled with this doctrine, tend to debase and render contemptible, what might otherwise be considered as the gerın of a purer faith.
CHRISTIAN TREASURY. All that history records, or modern discoveries have The Church of Christ a Living Temple.-The sbole ascertainer, of the belief of mankind on this subject of multitude of true believers are represented as united vital importance, tends to show the impotence of hu- together in one Church, and constituting one spiritus man reason; and shuts us up to the revealed Word of temple, and this is none other than the Holy Catholi God as the only source of light and of hope, as regards Church, the Church Universal, the one glorious temps the future destiny of man.
The soul survives the grave, but where does it go? What new forms of being can, D.D., Minister of Ruthwell. Oliphant and Son, 1886.
* From “ Sacred Philosophy of the Seasons," by Rev. H. Dit
which Christ is rearing out of the ruins of a fallen Sabbath-breaker, a fornicator, reclaimed, renewed, world. Of this temple we remark, Ist, Christ is both and joined to the Church of the living God. It cometh the head and the corner-stone. He is the rock on wlich not, indeed, “ with observation ;” the work is carried it rests, and he is also the head that presides over it ; | forward quietly, and to men it may seem often to stand for as in one epistle it is said that Jesus Christ hiirself still, but it groweth not withstanding, and the erec. is the chief corner.stone, so in another we read, (Heb. tion of this spiritual building is the grandest work iii. 6,) that Christ is “ as a Son over his own house ; which is now in progress in the world. 5th, Its ulti. wboze house are we, if we hold fas: the confidence and mate completion is certain, and its perpetuity too; no the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end." His re- human power can arrest its progress, or overthrow its lation to this vast spiritual society is elsewhere repre- walls; visible Churches may fall into decy; persecu. sented under the idea of his being the head of that body tion may scatter Christ's disciples, or their own diviof which all true believers are members. Nay, his own sions may leave their congregations a prey to their ene. body was, as it were, a type or pattern of this spiritual mies: other Churches have fallen, and the Church of temple ; for as such he spake of it when he said, “De- Scotland, if she too become corrupt, may share tbe same stroy this temple, and in three days I shall raise it up: fate with those of Asia, whose memorial is perished he spake of the temple of his body, '-a temple which from the earth; but this spiritual temple shall stanil, was prefigured by the temple of old, and in which " he unscathed by persecution, safe in the midst of danger, dwelt as in a tabernacle," even as the Shechinah, God “burning but not consumed,"_for“ Christ is the beid, manifest in the desh, and which was, in its turn, the and Christ the corner-stone."-Rey. James BUCHANAN. pattern or exemplar of that_grand spiritual temple of [Sermon preached at the opening of Newhaven Church.] which we now speak. 2d, This temple is composed of lively stone-s. Christ himself being the living or life. ledge of the Scriptures, we shall grow in meetness for
Prayer.-In proportion as we grow in the knowgiving stone, they are lively as having received spiritual the duty of prayer; and by turning its promises into life through him; and, in this respect, it differs from all supplications, we shall employ the very way by which visible Churches. These are composed partly of the
God has taught us to make these promises our own.-living and partly of the dead. In every visible Church,
Rev. JAMES Martin. [Letters on Prayer.] there is a mixture of tares and wheat, of sheep and goats, of the clean and unclean, no human power being
The Passion of Christ.-IIow can we reflect upon competent to make a complete separation betwixt the this great event, without extreme displeasure against, and two, until Christ shall come as the judge of the quick and hearty detestation of, our sins ? Those sins which indeed the dead. But in the true invisible and spiritual Church, did bring such tortures and such disgraces upon our there are nove but lively stones; not every communicant,
blessed Redeemer, Judas the wreteh who betrayed him, not every elder, not every minister of God's Word, belongs the Jewish priests who did accuse and persecute him, to it, but such of them only as have been born again, quick- those cruel hands that smote him, those pitiless hearts
the wicked rout which did abusively insult over him, ened unto spiritual life, and united to Christ by a true and living faith. But while it consists of these, and
that scorned him, those poisonous tongues that mocked of these only, 3d, It is so comprehensive and catholic, him and reviled him, all those who were the instruin the right sense of that term, that it includes all such.
ments and abettors of bis afiction, how do we loathe Not one true believer ever existed in any age of the
and abhor them? How do we detest their names, and world, and not one is now to be found in any quarter
execrate their memories? But how much greater reason of the globe, who has not a place in this vast temple.
have we to abominate our sins, which were the true, It comprehends all, to whatever visible Church they the principal actors of all that woeful tragedy ? " He may belong, and by whatever denomination they may be
was delivered for our offences.” They were indeed called, who hold Christ as the head. And, amidst the
the traitors, which by the hands of Judas delivered bin divisions by which these Churches are nov separated up.
“ He that knew no sin, was made sin for us, from one another, and the strife of contending parties, that is, was accused, was condemned, was executed, as
a sinner for us. oh! it is elevating and cheering to think of that one
It was therefore we, who by our sins harmonious and all-comprehending temple, in which did impeach him; the spiteful priests were bút our adevery living stone on earth will be found to have a vocates; we by them did adjudge and sentence him ; place; to reflect, that, whatever be their minor differ- Pilate was but drawn in against his will and conscience ences, real Christians are united together by bonds
to be our spokesman in that behalf: we by them did which cannot be broken,—that they all resť on the inflict that horrid punishment on him; the Roman exesame foundation,—that they are all animated by the cutioners were but our representatives therein. same spirit,—and that, after all, they constitute but became a curse for us ;” that is, all the mockery, derione temple, whose light is truth, whose cement is love, sion, and contumely he endured, did proceed from us ;
Our and whose one inscription is, “ Glory to God in the the silly people were but proxies acting our parts. highest, peace on earth, and good will to men.” And sins were they that cried out, “Crucify him! Cruci. as this temple is comprehensive in its compass, so is it fy him!” with clamours more loud and mure impor. venerable for its antiquity, and for the high and holy
tunate than did all the Jewish rabble. It was they names that belong to it." Every saint from the begin which, by the borrowed throats of that base people, did ning is there; it is " built on the foundation of apos les so outrageously persecute him. “ He was wounded for and prophets ;” the patriarchal, the Jewish, and the our transgressions, and bruised for our iniquities." It Christian dispensations, have each furnished the lively of the rude populace, as by senseless engines, did buffet
was they which, by the hands of the fierce soldiers, and stones of which it is composed; and it is now partly composed of saints yet militant on earth, and partly also of and scourge bim; they, by the nails and thorns, did saints already made perfect in glory. And mark, 4th, “It pierce his flesh, and rend his sacred body. Upon them, still grows, it groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord." | therefore, it is most just and fit that we should turn our
The temple is not complete, it is the work of centu- hatred, that we should discharge our indignation.ries: one age after another has added its complement, Barrow. [Sermons.] and still it grows. Silently, indeed, so silently that The Effects of putting on Christ ---By putting on the noise of the hammer is not heard amidst the bustle Christ you will put off the love of this world; you of the world : and slowly, so slowly that its progress to will live above the world wbile you live in it. If Christ human eyes is almost imperceptible. But still it grows: be in the heart, the world will be in its proper piace. every conversion adds a stone to it, and, in our own If you are clothed with the sun, the moon (all sublunary times, we see bere one and there another; a drunkard, I things) will be under your feet. Mason.)