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Mrs Patterson, "Oh! this constant rack of mind is ter- | able to restrain the expression of his own experience rible! If I had any prospect of getting through my work, of these blessed words. When I had finished reading
, that would be some consolation ; but although my he appeared quite absorbed in the contemplation of the strength is taxed to the uttermost, still I see before me truths contained in that wonderful chapter, and in deep duties that I cannot possibly overtake !"
thankfulness for its gracious declarations.' Alluding In such a frame of mind he could not refrain from to bis sufferings during his nights of delirium, he said exerting his energies even beyond his strength, and, as to his wife :- How difficult,-how almost impossible, the natural consequence, his health began gradually and would it be to induce me voluntarily to suffer again alınost imperceptibly to give way. For a time no symp- the agonies of these two nights.” But how wonderful toms were apparent to others, but he himself appears to was the love of Christ! He saw clearly before him be bave been conscious of increasing weakness. He was full weight of his tremendous sufferings, and yet, have observed more particularly in his aspirations at the family ing them full in bis view, he chose to go forward. --to altar, and occasionally, also, in his conversation, to long, endure the whole! O che surpassing love of Christ l' with peculiar intensity, for that higher, and nobler, and “ He was much distressed at the idea of returni:g again more peaceful state of being " where the weary are at to his overwhelming ministerial duties. 'Oh!' he said, rest."
I dare not, I cannot, again undertake the responsibiliy The period was now fast approaching when this faith- to God of that parish! When I look round my Church, ful servant of God must, at length, cease from his la- and see the multitudes who flock to it every Saobath, bours, and enter upon the enjoyment of his everlasting and ask myself of how few of them I dare entertain the reward. To the last, however, he was faithful to the hope that they are Christians indeed,-) feel an an. trust committed to him. ·
guish I cannot express! Oh! how can I resume their “ The labours of my dear husband on the last Sabbath spiritual charge !' Once his fortitude in this prospect of his ministry," says Mrs Patterson, in one of her com- entirely gave way; and he exclaimed in a tone of deepmunications to the biographer, “ will show how arduous est earnestness, • Would that I were safe in heaven!'" were his exertions for the spiritual welfare of his pock. For a time, Mr Patterson's partial recovery excted On that day-how little conscious were we that it was fond hopes that his useful life would be prolonged. to be his last of ministration to his dear people !—he The hope was vain. He again relapsed, under symppreached twice in Church ; and between the morning toms which, to his medical attendants at least, appeared and afternoon services he went to the vestry, where he fatal. But we cannot better describe the closing scene read and expounded a chapter to the country people, than in the language of bis biographer. who assembled there during the interral of service, in- “ The mental restlessness of the sufferer had a ebsstead of loitering about the churchyard, or wandering racter of elevation and grandeur about it, which astonthrough the town, as is too frequently the custom in ished and overawed all who approached him. His fe. country parishes. This occupied hiin until the bell be- / vered mind seemed tbronged and hurried with a rapid gan to ring for afternoon service. In the evening he succession of vast thoughts, and vivid images, and inwalked to Grangemouth, a distance of about three effable emotions, to which he gave expression in lanmiles, where he preached in the scbool-room, and after-guage which, in point of energy and grandeur of conwards visited some families who were in affliction. The ception, surpassed all that they had ever conceived him evening was wet, but he walked home in the dark and capable of in bis happiest efforts. Some one has wid, the rain, and arrived in a state of great exhaustion. Genius is a fearful gift, for which I should not have On entering the parlour, he threw himself on a sofa, the boldness to pray;' the fearfulness of the gift was with his wet clothes still upon him, and immediately awfully felt by all who surrounded the deathbed of this dropped asleep."
accomplished man and pious Christian. At times bis On the day following Mr Patterson left Falkirk for mind shone out with surpassing brightness, and again it Edinburgh, to attend the General Assembly. On reach- sunk into sudden and painful eclipse ; now be seened ing town he took up his residence at the house of his as if absorbed in silent devotion, and again a scene of mother. The weakness and exhaustion of liis body was mental excitement, followed by one of mortal agong, immediately obvious to the eye of his affectionate pa- took place. And yet, amidst all this preternatural sorent, who employed all the means in her power to avert tivity of mind, and while his words seemed to be rethe too evident approach of a regularly formed disease. vealing the deepest secrets of his soul, there was a bo The attempt, bowever, was unsuccessful. He was liness and purity about his conceptions,- piety in his seized with an attack of fever which, though severe and very wangerings, - wbich indicated how closely bis protracted, terininated, in the first instance, favourably. mind still cleaved to God. The few bright intervaks During his apparent convalescence, a cloud seems to that now occurred_in one of which he named and cose have, for a time, obscured his spiritual prospects. Such versed a little with his younger brother, who had :teniporary obstructions o the influx of the peace of God turned in time from the country to attend bis derik into the soul, are by no Jeans rare in the history of be. bed—were passed in a state of comparative tranquity lievers, and, as frequently happens in cases of this na- and composure: and perhaps he enjoyed an inward cose ture, Mr Putterson emerged from the cloud of darkness sciousness and sense of consolation—perhaps the sa and of doubt, to the enjoyment of the unclouded radi- ritual was in bim invisibly triumphant over tbe mortaance of the Sun of Righteousness.
There is at least no reason to doubt, that bad be bett "I can but faintly describe," Miss Patterson writes, permitted to meet death in the calm exercise of his " the spiritual and heavenly temper my brother now culties, his faith would have been triumphant in the remained in. Often, when I was about to read in the last hours of mortality, and have bid defiance to be Prophetical books, or the Psalms, he would check me, mortal powers of agony and the grave ; and that, and desire me to read to him about Jesus.' Speak perfect serenity of soul, in full reliance upon the series to me,--speak to me,'—he would say,— abont Jesus.' and mediation of his Saviour, he would have renderet On one occasion, when my sister-in-law approached the up his spirit to Him from whom it came' Nature ** bedside with the Bible in her hands, he said to her, at length exhausted, and at three o'clock on the more
Now let me see Jesus Christ.' One evening I read of Monday, the 29th of June 1835, Mr Patterson espin" to hin the sixth chapter of John's Gospel. He appeared Mysterious, indeed, are the ways of Provida, perfectly enraptured with it; but when I came to that and in nothing more mysterious than in sudder verse, - - Jesus said unto them, I am the Bread of Life; ting short the life of one wbose talents, and closet
, he that cometh to me shall never hunger, and he that and extensive usefulness, were of such signal importa believeth on me shall never thirst,' he was utterly un- ance, not merely to the parish with which he was on
IN 1830 AND 1831.
immediately connected, but to the world in general. | ence. He affected compliance with their request, and It is no small consolation under a loss which has been promised to send a detachment of soldiers to afford so keenly felt, that an opportunity is afforded, by the them protection. But this was far from his imtearecent publication of his Discourses, of still profiting by tion. It was resolved that, to put an end to their the taste, the genius, and the piety of a pastor so richly clamours, the whole race of Indians in the country gifted. In point of fervid eloquence, glowing imagina- should be extirpated. And as they lived in their mition, and holy feeling, those remains are strikingly serable huts at a considerable distance from one ancharacteristic of Mr Patterson's accomplished, and ele- other, the Spaniards, that they might collect them all gant, and pious mind. The memoir prefixed to the into a body, and thus cut them off at one blow, invited Discourses, from which the inaterials of our present them to join their troops in a predatory incursion, Sketch have been obtained, is drawn up with singular which they alleged they had long meditated, upon Rio taste and judgment; the pieces selected are some of the Grande. The Indians, tempted by the hope of plunauthor's bappiest efforts; and the work, as a whole, is der, easily fell into this stratagem; and, having left the 80 highly creditable to his memory, that we sincerely aged and helpless in a neighbouring wood, every one hope it will be extensively welcomed as a valuable ac- capable of bearing arms proceeded to the place of cession to the ample stores of our religious literature. meeting. As soon as they came within musket-shot of
the Monte Videan troops, the signal of attack was STRAY LEAVES FROM THE JOURNAL OF
given, and a general carnage ensued. The Indians, A RESIDENCE IN SOUTH AMERICA,
determining not to die unrevenged, fought with desperate courage, till, overpowered by the superior num
bers of Don Frutos' soldiers, they were all cut down BY THE REY. David WADDELL.
except five men, who were taken alive, and, with the No. III.
females and children, sent to Monte Video. THE INDIANS.
Such was the perfidious treatment this brave Indian It is curious to observe the different feelings with Frutos. Such was the horrid cruelty of this petty 80
band received for the services they had rendered to Don which the Spaniards at Monte Video regard the abori. vernor of Monte Video, having himself Indian blood ginal inhabitants of the country, and the natives of Aoiving in his veins. Africa. To the latter they are usually kind and humane ; but their treatment of the former, though the
" This man devotes his brother, and destroys;
And worse than all, and most to be deplor'á, rightful proprietors of the soil, is characterised by the
As human nature's broadest, fouiest blot, most merciless ferocity. This deep-rooted aversion to
Strains him, and tasks him, and exacts his sweat
With stripes, that Mercy, with a bleeding heart, the Indians prevails, to a greater or less extent, over all
Weeps, when she sees inflicted on a beast," the continent of South America, and rankles, not only in the breast of the old Spaniard, but in the more gen- after the massacre, driven into Monte Video like a
I saw the remnant of these Indians, about ten days tle and hunane heart of the Creole. They seem, deed, to have waged against them a war of extermina- herd of cattle. Wearied and worn out; wet and tion, and, in many places, with but too much success.
shivering with cold, (for it was during a winter pamWhenever they begin, in any part of the country, to ap- Children in their bands, and carrying their babies on
pero, * and they were all nearly naked ;) leading their pear in considerable numbers, "the dogs of war" are immediately iet loose upon them; and, after murdering their backs; their long elotted raven hair hanging Icosethe men, the women and children are conveyed into the ly over their shoulders, and streaming in the winter towns, and disposed of as servants among the inhabitants. blast ; some of them lagging behind, wrinkled with “ Thus, where their carnage and their conquests cease,
years, and stooping under the infirmities of age, and They make a solitude, and call it
but ill able to endure the fatigues of the journey :-the This cruel and treacherous policy towards the Indians group, motley and grotesque as it was, presented a spechas been pursued by the Spaniards ever since they took tacle so appalling, that I involuntarily started back from possession of the country; and, as the same system has the window in horror. I prevailed on myself, bowbeen adopted in the northern division of the continent, ever, a few days after, to visit them at the barracks, there is reason to apprehend that the whole race will, where they were exposed to the inspection of the puberelong, become extinct. The present rulers of this lic, who were allowed to select such as pleased them republic act upon the same barbarous and perfidious for domestic servants. Most of the children had already principles as their predecessors. The provinces of been disposed of; and scarce any remained, but such as Monte Video were, at one time, thickly peopled with were either decrepit with age, or of too indomitable a Indians; but, having been either hunted down to the character ever to become serviceable. I observed, at a death, or forced to seek shelter in the unfrequented and little distance from the rest, a young woman in great unexplored wilds of the interior, their number does not distress. And, on inquiring the cause of it, I was innow exceed two or three hundred. In the beginning formed, that she had been appropriated by one indivi. of the year 1831 Don Frutos Ravera, the president, dual, and that another heartless wretch had robbed her of caused nearly five hundred of these poor unfortunate her sucking child, and nobody would tell her where it creatures to be slain. He had, a few years before, de- The spectators, indeed, seemed to regard the coyed them into the states, and trained them as sol- hapless creatures with as little commiseration, as they diers, for the purpose, it is alleged, of enabling him to would have done so many wild horses of the plain. overcome the opposite faction, and to maintain his as- While standing in the crowd, bewailing their melancendency in the government. Having selected the most choly situation, an old Spaniard turned round to me, robust of the men for his army, he left the rest to wan- and coolly remarked, that "they ought to be carried der in the interior, and to be hunted by the peasantry away to some desert island, and burned ;” and scarce from province to province, till they found a resting. had I shrunk back in silent disgust from this dastardly place in some destitute district of the country, where fellow, when another came up to me, and with equal neither food nor shelter could be obtained. In these coolness made a similar remark. wretched circumstances, they sent a deputation to The number of Indians residing in the different towns, the president, soliciting him to redress their griev. who have been reclaimed from the desert by this bara ances, and provide them with the means of subsist- barous process, is now very considerable. Many of
The Creoles are those who have been born in the country, and * A strong wind, so called from its blowing over the Pampas of are descended from Europeans.
them have become soldiers, and some domestic ser- | the ignorant heathen, but, like the religion of Mahovants. A few of them have married, and, by their in-met, only at the point of the bayonet. The knos. dustry and care, acquired houses of their own. The ledge of the true God was occasionally offered to them, men are of a strong muscular frame; without beards; but only in the spirit of the arch-destroyer of our rare, their complexion is of a yellow copper colour; they have that the avaricious hand of power might the more easta high cheek-bone, and small hollow eyes of a dingy hue; ly grasp the treasures they possessed. The kingdom with long black hair floating upon their shoulders, and of Christ was sometimes proclaimed amongst them, a bit of dirty rag thrown around their waist. When but it was only that the sovereignty of the Pope, is once fairly settled in town, they are easily induced to alleged vicegerent, might the more readily be acknowlay aside their savage habiliments; and the Monte Vi- ledged, and the will of the conquerors more subinis. dean ladies, who are more humane than their country- sively obeyed. The cross was held up as an object of men, generally provide them with decent clothes, with worship to those who had never heard of the name of which they travesty themselves, and endeavour to ap- Jesus; and millions of human beings were deliberately pear like civilized beings. And as they become, in the butchered for not embracing tenets which they could course of a short time, better acquainted with the mys- not understand. When Pizarro in vaded Peru, he car. teries of the toilette, they begin to present on the streets ried the sword in one hand, and the cross in the other. a more becoming appearance, and seem not a little proud Valverde, a Dominican friar, addressed to the Inca a of the metamorphosis they have undergone.
long discourse, unfolding to him the principles of ChrisBy far the greater portion, however, of this ill-fated tianity, which he pressed him to embrace, and urging race still roam, free and unrestrained, in the trackless him to submit to the king of Spain, to whom the Pope plains of the continent, which have not yet been appro- had given Peru. Atabualpa baving listened with pspriated by their lawless conquerors. Ignorant alike of tience, replied thus to his pious monitor :-" How the arts of civilized life and of the hopes of the Gospel, extravagant is it in the Pope, to give away so liberally they spend the whole of their miserable existence in that which does not belong to him! He is inferior, struggling to procure, from the forests or the rivers, a you own, to God the Father, to God the Son, and to precarious subsistence, and then die, as they live, like God the Holy Ghost: these are all your gods: and ebe the brutes that perish. Except the cruel system de- gods only can dispose of kingdoms. I am willing to be tailed above, and some abortive attempts made by the a friend to the King of Spain, who has sufficiently disJesuits in the course of the last century, no means played his power by sending armies to such distent have ever been employed to communicate to them countries; but I will not be his vassal. I owe tribute the knowledge of those glorious truths which God to no mortal prince; I know no superior upon earth has revealed to our fallen race. When the New World | The religion of my ancestors I venerate, and to rewas discovered by Columbus in the year 1492, all Chris- nounce it would be foolish and impious, until you have tendom was filled with acclamations of joy at the de- convinced me that it is false, and that yours, which you lightful prospect which that interesting eveni seemed would have me to embrace, is true. You adore a God, to afford, of making so large a portion of the earth ac- who died upon a tree; I worship the sun, who never quainted with the glad tidings of the Gospel. But, dies. alas ! what has been done? It is a most affecting truth, Vengeance!” cried Valverde, turning towards the and one for which the Church may well clothe herself Spanish soldiers; “vengeance, my friends; kill these in sackcloth and ashes, that, though full three centu- dogs, who despise the religion of the cross." The ries and a half have now rolled away since its disco-word of command was given, and instantly obered. very, the natives of the western hemisphere are still al. | The slaughter was dreadful, and the pillage immense. lowed to “sit in darkness and in the shadow of death," Pizarro, having seized the person of the Inca, dramed and to continue as ignorant of the true God, and of him of his treasure, under pretence of a ransom for his Jesus Christ whom he has sent, as they were before liberty, and then condemned him to the flanes as az Columbus planted his foot upon their shores. The men obstinate idolater. But through the mediation of F3of Christian lands have a thousand times crossed the ther Valverde, he obtained a mitigation in his punishwide Atlantic, und traversed the trackless regions of the ment, on condition that he would die in the Christin New World, in search of luxuries and treasures ; and faith. Atahualpa was accordingly baptized, and thea they have returned to their own countries loaded with strangled at the stake. the wealth and the spoils of the Indians; but not one But it is impossible that Divine Providence could serious and well sustained effort has ever been made by allow the perpetrators of such atrocities as these bo them to convey to their untutored minds, in exchange escape with impunity. The only son of the man who for the riches of which they have been robbed, the suggested to Don Frutos the massacre of the Indias knowledge of that divine wisdom, " which is more pre- described above, was the only officer that fell in cious than rubies, and whose merchandise is better than engagement. Pizarro, Valverde, and many of the the merchandise of silver, and the gain thereof than fine most active and ruthless oppressors of that persecuted gold."
race, perished by a miserable death. The vet But the worst remains yet to be told. The discovery of geance of heaven has, indeed, long since fallen las America by the Christian world has proved to its inha- on the whole of the Spanish nation. Though the bitants the source only of suffering, and their greatest conquest of Mexico and Peru put that people calamities have been inflicted under the guise of Chris- possession of more specie than all the other nations of tianity. Columbus, indeed, was actuated by the most Europe, yet from that period they have been contintbenevolent views, and prosecuted his discoveries upon ally declining in population, industry, and vigour. They the most enlightened and liberal principles, seeking to are poor amid their treasures; while other nations, pro benefit, not to destroy, the human species. But after fiting by their indolence, grow wealthy by supplying abza the death of that great and illustrious man, the policy wants. The vices attendant upon riches have contus of Spain towards the Indians was completely changed. ed all ranks of their people, and enervated the macicza One crowd of profligate adventurers arrived after an- spirit. And Spain, from being the first kingdom other, and, under pretence of propagating the Chris- Europe, bas become one of only secondary important tian faith, the most dreadful excesses of rapine and Portugal has, from the operation of the same es cruelty were coinmitted. Superstition, avarice, and experienced a similar fate. On the discovery violence, walked hand-in-band, and spread over the passage to India by the Cape of Good Hope, * * length and breadth of the continent terror, devastation, Settlement of Brazil
, the sudden influx of weala sont and death. Christianity, indeed, was introduced among the increase of luxury, began to enervatet ***
6 Ye are my
tional mind, and the spirit of enterprise, for which tne , and crown to the wonders by which the period of Portuguese had been so long distinguished, soon vanished; the fruits of her perfidy and rapacity being ed.' That miracle was the resurrection of Laza
his personal ministry had been irradiated and adornthus converted, by a wise constitution of things, into an instrument of divine punishment. The same right-rus; of whose death, though at the distance of eous retribution, which has this visited the parent many miles, he bad been informed by the omnistates, seems also to have overtaken their descendants science which dwelt within him, and from the in South America. And it is a remarkable fact, and sphere of which no interval, either of space or one that appears to furnish a living and lasting proof of time, could remove the slightest object, or the most an all-presiding and overruling Providence, that Portu
trivial event. gal and Spain, not withstanding all the treasures that have been poured into them, are the most impoverished
This melancholy occurrence, melancholy to naand degraded countries in Europe ; and that the Spa- tural apprehensions in general, and especially to nish and Portuguese states in South America, though the feelings of the bereaved and desolate sisters, they possess the richest lands and the loveliest climates, Jesus here announces to his disciples, though in are, nevertheless, the poorest and the feeblest in the the tenderest and most soothing terms, “ Ourr whole world. How justly has it been remarked, that friend Lazarus sleepeth." O blessed and illuswhen human policy fixes one end of a chain round the ankle of a slave, divine justice rivets the other round trious title which here adorns the name of Lazathe neck of his tyrant!
rus !the friend of Jesus and of the followers of
Jesus. What glory and happiness are implied in DISCOURSE.
being thus loved by Christ, in being the object of
such kind regard to him, the most exalted being BY THE LATE Rev. John Brown PATTERSON, A.M., who ever wore the human form—the Incarnate Minister of Falkirk.
Only-Begotten of the Father—and, as the most “ After that he saith unto them, Our friend Lazarus exalted, so the most powerful and affectionate of
sleepeth ; but I go, that I may awake him out of friends, armed with infinite might, and prompted sleep," &c,—John xi. 11-23.
by infinite love, and pledged by infinite faithfulThe preceding context exhibits our Lord and his ness, to protect, to bless, to save his people even disciples engaged in conversation, at Bethabara to the uttermost, from henceforth and for ever! beyond Jordan, respecting the propriety of return- Nor is it Lazarus alone that Jesus condescends to ing to Judea. They had left that district of the call his friend, but all who, like Lazarus, believe, Holy Land about four months before, in conse- and trust, and love, and serve him. quence of the imminent peril of their lives from friends,” he says to every one of us, “ if ye do the persecuting violence of the rulers and popu- whatsoever I command you." “ Henceforth,” lace at Jerusalem. The disciples, accordingly, says he, and that to men, the brethren of the dust, who were still weak and timid men,-not yet en- Henceforth I call you not servants, but friends." dued with that “ power from on high” which But observe, it is not Lazarus only whom the lips made them soon after resolute, in the cause of into which "grace was poured” decked, in this their beloved Master, to brave the world's scorn memorable saying, with a beautiful and blessed
,—the tyrant's brandished steel, the lion's name. Behold how, by the Saviour's word, eren gory mane, and all the ghastly forms of death death—the spectral destroyer—the king of terwith which man's ingenious cruelty could arm his rors—becomes fair to look upon! “ Our friend batred of the truth, with sufficient plainness inti- Lazarus sleepeth.” The image of sleep, indeed, mated their disinclination, for the present, to ex- is one which, in all languages, has been employed pose themselves or their Lord again to such dan- as a gentler name for dissolution, in order to assist ger as they had but recently escaped. Their ob- the mind in escaping from the abhorred ideas of jections, however, were overruled by Jesus, from suffering and dishonour with which the naked the consideration–expressed under a very strik- name of death is commonly associated. There ing and significant image—that the time of op- are resemblances enough between the outward portunity was brief and infinitely important, and symptoms and accompaniments of slumber and of when once allowed to pass, could never be retriev- dissolution,—the shut eyelid, the closed ear, the ed; that his own term of labour, in particular, stillness, the unconsciousness, the inactivity by was now hastening to a close, and that the work which both alike are marked,—to have readily sugppointed for it, which required his presence in gested the metaphor in question to those who were Iudea, must be done now or left undone for ever. in search of some such bland and soothing image. That work consisted of a great variety of most But then the effect of the gentle appellation, when mportant transactions, which, crowded in all their founded only on the circumstances which sense naltitude and magnitude into the few days now contemplates, was apt to be much impaired to eft of his illustrious life, made them beyond com- meditative and inquiring minds, by the doubt arison the most memorable period in the history and apprehension which forced itself f our world. Of these, not the least striking thoughts, that that repose might not be altogether nd interesting in its circumstances was the de- what poets termed it, -"a dreamless sleep; ” that nonstration which he intended to give of his own while the body slumbered motionless and still, the lory, and the glory of the Father, who had sent soul, the ever-active soul, might perchance be im, by the performance of a miracle of such sur- overwhelmed with visions more terrible, might be assing splendour, as might form a worthy close tossed on billows of more fiery agitation, than had
made life a storm or an agony. The apprehen- | mourn—whom you profess to moum because you sion was, in the case of many, but too justly en- loved them. To thein to die was gain; for them tertained. There are visions reserved in eternity to continue where they are, with Christ in soul, for the bodiless spirit of all but those whom Jesus although in body with the worm, is far berrer calls his friends, more awsul far than living eye than to return, embodied spirits, into this dark, hath seen, or ear Liath heard, or it hath entered impure, and wretched earth. O, if they did reinto the heart of man to conceive :- visions, did I turn, in answer to our longings, how dim the say ?-stern realities,—everlasting realities. Say world would seem to eyes attempered to the then, if you will, of him who dies other than a heavenly brightness ! how discordant to ears atChristian, that his body sleeps,-sleeps in the tuned to the heavenly harmonies! Be very sure, dust of the earth, expecting to be awakened unto my brethren, that when Lazarus was born again " shame and everlasting contempt ; but say not into this mortal life, he made no ordinary sacriof the man that he sleeps, he shall sleep no fice-a sacrifice which his God and his Redeemer more for ever. To the Christian's death, and only had a right to require, in order to the advanceto his, may you apply the delightful image in its ment of their glory and their kingdom, but still a fullest force and emphasis. His body slumbers sacrifice, the worth of which may not be calculatin the soft embrace of his mother earth; his soul ed. It may be accounted all but certain, that, in is at rest in the bosom of his God,—active still descending again from the lofty sphere, of which, and sensitive, indeed, but enjoying a sublime sere- by death, he had become a denizen, his soul was nity and holy calm, sweeter and more refreshing made to drink, as it were, of some benignant than balmiesi slumber to the way-worn pilgrim at Lethe—the river of oblivion, that the recollection the close of a toilsome and a perilous day. • They was obliterated from his memory, of all that he enter into peace; they rest in their beds, each one had seen, and done, and enjoyed, the four glorious that hath walked in his uprightness.” “ Blessed days he spent in heaven. His recollection would are the dead that die in the Lord! Yea, saith the otherwise have made the earth a dungeon, in Spirit, for they rest from their labours, and their which his spirit would have lain gasping for works do follow them."
breath, and languishing for light. Nol blessed But while there is every reason to believe, that immortals! abide even where
are! « After in all the emphasis in which the gentle name of life's fitful fever ye sleep well.” Only let us be sleep is applied to the departure hence of every persuaded to seek, where we may find, the grace true believer, it was applicable to the death of La- to follow in your steps—to love, to honour, to zarus, though no earlier awakening had been pre- serve the Lord like you! Then, but a little pared for him than for his fellow-dwellers " in the while, and we too shall be at rest. « The clods congregation of the deed ;” still the fact, that his of the valley shall be sweet to us, but sweeter far continuance in that state was to be so brief, and the bosom of our God. We shall go to you-s8followed by so speedy a revival, imparted a pecu- turn not ye to us!” liar nerve to the image of slumber, as employed Meanwhile we know, that the time, though disin his particular case. It was with reference to tant, will arrive at last, when, to all those wbo this early awakening in reserve for her, that Jesus wait for him, Jesus shall come again to awake said of the daughter of Jairus, “ The damsel is them from their iron slumber. That slumber may not dead, but sleepeth ;” and, doubtless, the same be deep and long. « Till the heavens be no more, idea of a temporary and short continuance in the they shall not awake, nor arise out of their sleep." state of the departed, was one thing implied in the But yonder ancient heavens are not perpetual. A expression now before us, “ Our friend Lazarus trumpet-note shall ring through all the ethereal sleepeth,” followed as it is immediately with the vault, before the penetrating thunder of whose declaration, “ But I go that I may awake him out blast its mighty arches shall tremble and fall—stuof sleep.” “O that such words might now be pendous ruins ! “ The heavens shall pass away added," methinks I hear the widow, the fatherless, with a great noise,”-the appointed signal that the bereaved, exclaiming,—“ O that such words the long slumbers of the grave have reached their might now be added to the intimation, Our friend term. The same shattering burst of sound from sleepeth! O that he who added them yet dwelt the trumpet of the Lord, which sweeps away the upon the earth, and yet exerted his power in like heavens, shall dissolve the barriers, and unfold the manner as of old, for the consolation of the deso- gates of the sepulchre. “ The dead shall hear the late mourners !” A natural wish, my brethren, voice of the Son of God,”-the same voice that but, as you know, a vain one. The slumbers of said of old, Lazarus, arise !_"and they that bear those whom you have laid to rest within the nar- sball live.” And even now, through the mist on row-house, with the deep dust for their pillow, the shadow of death, the prophetic eye of faith and the green sod for their covering, is the slum- anticipates the time for those whom Jesus calis ber of a long, long night; “ Till the heavens be no his friends, when the home in the dusta jos more they shall not arise, nor awake out of their home,” but not perpetual,—shall be forsakes sleep.". But with regard to those that “ sleep in its ancient inhabitant, for a home “eternal in Jesus,” let this consideration check the idle, 'the heavens," --when its silence shall be exchange år selfish, although, as I admitted, natural desire, the melodies, and its gloom for the glories, area that its fulfilment were loss to those whom you sky,—when the ruined and dissolving frame stich