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ence.

VOL. I. No. 43. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1836.

PRICE 14d. ON THE ORIGIN OF THE GOSPEL repugnant to every proper conception of the divine SALVATION.

perfections. To bold communion and fellowship

with a child of the dust, an inhabitant of this lower By the Rev. Thomas Ross, LL.D.,

world, even in a state of innocence and holiness, Minister of Lochbroom.

was an instance of astonishing condescension in Vain, superficial, and ungrateful men, who have the glorious majesty of heaven and earth. But to never duly estimated the desert, the degrading na- suppose a sinful worm of the dust,—a vile and ture, and alienating effect of sin in their own heart degraded apostate,—an ungrateful and abandoned and conduct, or the value, the necessity, and the rebel, still deserving of the divine favour, still fit wonder of mercy, as revealed in the character of to be treated with anew on the ground of mutual God, will be ready to ascribe that salvation which agreement, this is a thought so dishonourable to is revealed in the Gospel, to something meritorious God, and so palpably absurd, that nothing but the in themselves, or, at least, to some motions of most infatuated delusion could impose it, for a their own free will, disposing them to depart from moment, on any reasonable mind. a sinful course, and to turn to God with repent- This was a thought which did not, and could ance, and with a sincere, though imperfect obedi- not, enter into the mind of Adam himself, and

which is cherished only by the blindest and most But, not to insist on the absurdity of supposing degenerate of his race. He knew too much of the a creature, which is by nature enmity, changing character of God, and of his own deplorable situaitself into love; a creature, which is by nature blind, tion, to conceive so unsuitably concerning himrestoring itself to sight; a creature, which is by self. He knew that he had lost the image in which nature polluted, exerting the energies of native he had been created, and had fallen from his high holiness; a creature, which is by nature wicked estate. He saw that he was naked, he felt the and perverse, by the natural efforts of its own free degrading sensation of shame,—the distracting will becoming sincerely penitent and obedient ; a passion of fear,—he fled from the presence of God, creature, in short, which is by nature spiritually which he found himself unworthy and terrified to dead, performing all the exercises of spiritual life; behold. absurdities compared in Scripture to that of the When summoned to appear, he stood guilty, Ethiopian changing his skin, or the leopard his silent, and self-condemned. He had no apology spots ; let us, with all humility, inquire into the to offer for his conduct, no alleviating circumstances fact regarding the first promise on which mankind to plead, either in arrest of judgment, in extenuarested the hope of their salvation, and we shall find, tion of his offence, or for mitigation of punishfrom the circumstances and manner in which that ment. He could not plead any ignorance of his promise was conveyed, abundant reason, completely duty, or want of ability to discharge it; he could and for ever, to exclude the most remote preten- not plead any advantage which had been taken of sion to merit or condition on the part of man. him by a too powerful enemy, or any want of sufThis promise, as is well known, refers to an illus- ficient previous warning; he was aware that life trivus Seed of the woman, which was to bruise the and death had been distinctly set before him, and head of the serpent ; or, in other words, to break the awful curse upon transgression still sounded down the dominion which that murderous enemy in his ears,“ dying thou shalt die!” He was had, through the violation of the divine law, conscious of having offered the most daring insult usurped over man, as recorded in the third chapter to the divine perfections, in having indulged the of the book of Genesis.

pride of his own reason in opposition to the wisNow, to suppose man, after his transgression, dom of his Maker, and believed the devil rather possessed of any merit or desert which could call than God. forth the divine favour towards him, or even of Yet he was not humbled under this dreadful any qualities which could render bim a fit subject accumulation of aggravated guilt, neither was he of covenant or converse with God, is an idea wholly disposed to penitence and submission. No! Not one symptom of contrition does his conduct ex- What an impressive lesson of humility is this cirbibit, not one confession of sin, or supplication for cumstance calculated to carry home to every indimercy escaped from his lips. He did not even look vidual of the posterity of Adam! It was unfor mercy, or conceive the slightest prospect of for- doubtedly intended as the signal of death to the giveness. But, on the contrary, by a species of folly of human boasting, stupid insensibility, which could be induced only I may still further add, that the subject of the by desperation, he attempted to shift bis guilt promise to which I refer, affords an additional over on another, and to charge it ultimately upon proof that the salvation of the Gospel originated God himself, as if he would provoke the jealousy solely with God. of his Maker, and madly challenge Omnipotence to If it be admitted that the promised Seed of the do its worst. “ The woman, whom thou gavest to woman, who was to bruise the head of the serpent, be with me, she gave me of the tree and I did eat." was the same glorious personage who was after

In these circumstances, where was the motive wards held forth as the seed of Abraham, in whom to benevolence on the part of God ?

Where was all the families of the earth were to be blessed ; if the pretension to merit on the part of man? In he was the Messiah of the seed of David, who was such circumstances, what good or holy work could to be the Saviour of Israel, the Wonderful, Counman perform, which might deserve even a tem- sellor, the Mighty God, the everlasting Father, porary suspension of the threatened punishment; the Prince of Peace; if it be admitted, at the how much less a happy restoration to his former same time, that he was Immanuel, God in our naglory?

Instead of this, nothing do we behold but ture, who, in our nature, procured the promised wretchedness, and crime, and obstinacy, and per- salvation for his people, by his obedience unto verseness ; and the gracious promise which reached death, then surely it is worse than vain, it is cri. his wondering ears, as it stands wholly exclusive minal, it is impious to dispute the glory of this of all merit on the part of man, and of any duty salvation with God. For who but God could have or condition which he was able to perform, must provided the sacrifice? Who but he would ha re be completely referred to the free, self-moving, and bestowed it ? Who but he could have known its eternal love of God; no other reason can possibly efficacy ? and who but he could have conferred be assigned for it, no other source can possibly be its merited reward ? conceived from which it could have flowed.

To God, and to God alone, then, let us ascribe But, to put this important fact, if possible, in a the glory of the origin, and of the complete acstill clearer point of view, the manner in which complishment of the Gospel salvation. The fourthis promise was conveyed, demonstrates the folly dation of the structure was laid in grace, the whole and madness of ascribing salvation to the desert of work is carried on by grace, " and he shall bring man, either inherent or acquired ; either possessed forth the head-stone thereof with shoutings, erpor foreseen. For, let it be particularly observed, ing, Grace, grace unto it!” “For who hath known that the promise referred to was not addressed im- the mind of the Lord ? Or who hath been bis mediately to man, but was merely included in the counsellor? Or who hath first given to him, and curse denounced against the serpent. This is a it shall be recompensed to him again? For of circumstance not generally attended to by the him, and through him, and to him, are all things: readers of the Scriptures. But it is a circumstance to whom be glory for ever. Amen." which throws the clearest light on the doctrine of salvation by free grace; it is a circumstance which

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF THE LATE holds out a most humiliating proof of the degrada- REV. JOHN BROWN PATTERSON, A. M, tion of the human character, in consequence of sin.

Minister of Falkirk. When man was originally created, and as long “The righteous shall be bad in everlasting remeas he retained his happy innocence, the Lord was brance ;” and when one whose whole character we pleased to converse with him familiarly, and in the such as, in no ordinary degree, to entitle bim to the 45 language of a friend. “ He blessed him, and gave pellation of a righteous man, passes away from ante* him dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the us, we dwell with a kind of melancholy pleasure on fowl of the air, and over every thing that moveth on

the numerous virtues and excellencies by which be was

distinguished. the face of the earth; he brought the beasts of the touches of the mental and moral portraiture attracte

Even the more delicate shades sed field, and the fowls of the air before him, to see what attention more forcibly after death, than wben exbike he would call them. And whatsoever Adam called to us amid all the fitfúl fluctuations of the living beste every living creature, that was the name thereof." | The picture has now acquired a stillness and compir

So was it done to the man whom the King of ness of aspect, which permits of a minute investigarea · heaven and earth delighted to honour. But how of its different parts, and a due appreciation of its

whole. We are thus prepared more than ever to of is the gold now become dim! how is the most fine template, to admire, and to imitate ; and even thout gold changed! The Lord now calls Adam into as in the case of him whose brief but splendid caree* ** his presence, but he will not speak to him one are about to sketch, the rare combination was exbitening comfortable word! He turns away in wrath from in one individual, of very high intellectual accoma man, to commune with the serpent, and even when ments, with the most ardent piety, amiable week

and genuine humility, the very elevation of the starting an intimation of mercy is thrown out for the bene- | wbich is thus set before us ought to aet as a pel fit of the human race, it must be couched in an ad- incitement to be followers, were it but at a stane, dress to the vilest creature of the creation of God! of him who, in his whole deportinent, both privat se

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public, gave such ample and unequivocal evidence, that was frequently directed towards the grand realities of he himself was a follower of Christ.

religion. During his first session at college, accordingJohn Brown Patterson was born at Alnwick, in the ly, when he was more likely to give vent to his grave county of Northumberland, on the 29th of January reflections than when at school, we find him thus ex1804. His father was a gentleman distinguished for pressing bimself in a letter to a friend :his piety and unostentatious liberality, and his mother, “Do not raise your expectations too high of me, for who was a daughter of the Rev. John Brown of Had- I have a kind of boding fear that this session I shall dington, inherited many of the excellencies of her illus- lose the character I have, by some means or other, most trious parent. Even in early childhood, John exhibited unexpectedly attained. And after all, what does it high promise of future eminence. His talents were much matter the degree of knowledge we attain, if we evidently of a superior order, and his ardena thirst for want the wisdom that cometh from above.'' You knowledge, combined with the utmost facility in ac- have most properly reminded yourself and me of that quiring it, afforded the almost certain prospect that he other and more awful state, when the wisdom of the would yet be distinguished by bis attainments as a scho- world' shall be as dross, and the feeble torch which lar. Nor were the gentleness and amiable feeling which Science lends her most favoured votaries shall sink becharacterised him in his early days less pleasing and fore the blaze of celestial majesty. O may the immorwell-marked. Tbe growing excellence of his heart, tal crown ever appear in our eyes eclipsing the ' false indeed, seemed to keep pace with the progressive ad- light on glory's plume,' and dissipating the deluding yance of his intellectual powers; and though deprived charm of Minerva's greenest olive! I hope, however, in his infancy of the care and affection of a father, that you may be mistaken as to the implied incompati. whose example and instructions would have been pe- bility of learning and piety." culiarly valuable, the judicious manner in which his If his correspondent seriously entertained the idea that education, both intellectual and moral, was conducted learning and piety were incompatible, Mr Patterson bimby his surviving parent, soon displayed itself in the self lived long enough to exhibit in after life a splendid fine taste, and the pure moral feeling, which charac- refutation of it. He proved himself an humble and deterised even his juvenile years.

voted Christian, though adorned with the rarest accomIn 1810 Mrs Patterson took up her residence in plishments of a profound scholar. His was not that Edinburgh with her family, where John was placed at superticial knowledge which puffeth up, but that knowi the classical academy of a very able and efficient teacher. ledge which feels how little can be known. It would

At this school be continued for four years. In the scarcely have been surprising, if caressed, courted, and autumn of 1814, he was seized with a severe attack of flattered as Mr Patterson was by his fellow-students, as typhus fever, from which, however, by the good provi- well as by all who enjoyed his acquaintance, he bad been dence of God, though brought very low, he at length tempted to "think of himself more highly than he recovered.

ought to think ;" and yet it may almost be said that 1 Mrs Patterson and her family removed in 1815 to the pride of intellect was a stranger to bis bosom. He

Haddington, where they remained for three years, after seemed to feel that the declaration of Scripture was which they returned to Edinburgh. As John had made but too true, which afñrms of the boasted" wicdoin considerable progress in his knowledge of the Latin lan- of man," that it is “ foolishness with God."

" Where guage, be entered the rector's class in the High School, is the wise ? where is the scribe? where is the disputer then under the charge of Mr Pillans, the present Pro- of this world ? hath not God made foolish the wisdom fessor of Humanity in the University. From the judi- of this world ?”. And yet while his mind was deeply cious mode of tuition pursued in that seminary, Mr impressed with the vanity of mere human acquirements, Patterson derived the greatest advantage, and he soon he acquitted bimself with the highest credit during the distinguished himself in the class as a scholar of first rate whole course of his study at the University. With eminence. Nor did the decided superiority of his genius the exception of mathematics and natural philosophy, and attainments excite in his companions the slightest to which he did not direct the full energies of his envy or ill-will. They loved him no less than they ad powerful mind, under an idea, though, we conceive, a mired bim. " He had," says his biographer, who was, even delusive idea, that he was not fitted to excel in these in his youthful days, bis intimate associate and friend, branches of knowledge,-with this single exception, “ He had, from the first day of his joining the class, he uniformly carried off the highest prizes in the classes been winning for himself 'golden opinions' from all ; through which he passed. It seems, as he himself inand, by the brilliance of his talents, the gentleness and deed has expressed it, to have been the “ goal of his purity of bis manners, and the kindliness of his dispo- desire,-immortal fame on earth, immortal bliss in esitions, had ultimately created a feeling of enthusiasm heaven." for his character, which manifested itself on many occa- From the occasional journals and letters which he sions in a manner perfectly overpowering to his innate wrote when at college, many passages might be quoted nodesty and sensitiveness.”

showing the high moral feeling which, even at that After having passed two years at the High School, early period, pervaded all the productions of his pen. at the end of which he obtained the first honours of The following extract from a letter wbich he wrote to a is class, Mr Patterson entered the University of Edin- friend on hearing of the death of Lord Byron, is touchurgh, carrying with him a very high character as a ingly beautiful. roficient in the Latin and Greek classics. And the How did you receive the news of Lord Byron's vept fully justified the expectations which his previous death? It stunned me utterly. I have heard you exiccess had excited. He soon signalised himself among press the conviction—and I joined in it with my ins class-mates by the surpassing vigour of his mental most soul_that it was inconceivable that such a man nergies, and the extent and variety of his acquirements. should be permitted to leave the world without answer

is pleasing, however, to observe that the syren voice of ing some end worthy of his majestic powers. The uman applause did not lure him away from the pursuit hidden star, we thought, must sooner or later come

a better and more enduring wisdom than that of forth from behind the cloud, and shed a glorious and crth. He had throughout the whole of his previous benignant beam upon the world. Alas! that it should e been remarked as a youth of strong reflective have been doomed to set in such a night! How mystewers; and though the characteristic modesty of his rious is the plan of Providence! We are struck with ture prevented him from communicating freely to his painful surprise when we see the opening blossom crushmpanions the musings of his more serious moments, ed in the spring of its beauties and its powers,—when t we have the best ground for believing that his mind we see high genius, like that of White, driven from the

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earth without having served, to our limited concep- place; and I believe that the doctrines it contains are tions, any adequate end. But how is the mystery the doctrines of the first followers of Christ. But what deepened, and the pain sharpened, when we behold a | I have not hitherto realised as an object of faith is nolle mind not merely unemployed on worthy objects, that the doctrines of these individuals are the doctrines but utterly abused to the ends of demoralization and of Christ and of God. As far as I can discern, the ruin! I have meditated deeply on the riddle, but I can- way of remedying this infidel sentiment is simply a do not solve it. That a man should have been endowed gent and profound study of the Scriptures themselre. with powers of profoundest thought,— with fervours of For, if I am to trust to the recorded experience de strong imagination,—with aspirations of far-darting de- every Christian, there is a glory, a depth, and an ove: sire,— with all but superhuman magnitude of soul, that whelming power in the Word, which will in due tine he might live and die, not in vain merely,—but worse, approve it to every faithful, conscientious, prayerful infar worse than in vain,-surely there is here a waste quirer as the oracle of the Most High; and I bave alof powers and of means which does not seem consistent cordingly betaken myself to the study of the Bible with with the wisdom of their Author! But I am verging something like vigour and attention. In regard to the towards forbidden thoughts. There must be a reason; second irreligious tendency which I have mentioned, I but, as far as I can see in this case, God must be ‘his know no means of remedying it except that which the own interpreter,' and doubtless in the end he will | Bible itself proposes,—to seek, by the aid of the good make it plain.' • Return then into thy rest, O my Spirit, to walk ‘as seeing Him who is invisible;' to soul, and bope thou in thy God. He bringeth hidden consult my own mind on every step I take, and every things out of the deep, and maketh light to arise in ob- pursuit I engage in, what are its bearings to God and scurity.'

eternity: taking for granted at present, what I hope Such reflections as these plainly indicate, we might soon to believe on good evidence, that the Bible is the suppose, a mind thoroughly imbued with the principles Word of God." of vital godliness. And yet from his own confession The good work of grace thus happily begun, inade to the intimate friend who has so ably fulfilled the gradual progress in his soul, and at length, after badet painful and delicate task of his biographer, Mr Patter- serious investigation and earnest prayer, he was enabled son's belief in the doctrines of Christianity would ap- to say, in reference to the doctrines of the Bible, in a pear to bave been hitherto speculative merely, not ex- letter to the same friend, " I feel that by the taita o perimental.

these doctrines I am becoming less selfish and world, “I am not religious," to quote bis own words. “I more liberal and devout, more conscious of my or take the Bible into my hands, and I know that it is the vileness, and more submissive to the will of God

. I Word of God; I open it, but I do not submit my is but as a grain of mustard-seed that is sown of grace inind to the wisdom of God therein contained. I rise in my heart. I pray that God will water and fence a from the perisal of the sacred oracles, unenlightened until it grow up to a goodly tree, and the dove of a and unsenctified ; the words soon vanish from my re- own Spirit make its abiding nest among the branche membrance; or, when the time comes for their appli- Thus impressed with a sense of the truth and 314 cation to practice, my mind in general forgets to refer importance of divine things, Mr Patterson entered tx to them at all, and sometimes acts in wilful opposition Divinity Hall at Edinburgh in the winter of 18+ to them.”

From the time that he commenced the study of the Language of this kind could only come from a mind gy, though his predilection for literary pursuits was Lreally in earnest upon the subject of religion, and doubtedly strong, he kept steadily in view the saba.? therefore in a condition the most favourable to prose- and ennobling speculations which were henceforth chica cute the all-important theme. It is deeply interesting ly to engage his attention. He felt the paramoun: :to trace the early dawning of that heavenly light which portance of that holy profession to which bis hie *z afterwards so brilliantly illuminated his matured and soon to be devoted, and accordingly, with the windi sanctified spirit. In the passage we are about to quote, ardour and enthusiasm, he turned his energetic fied: the reader may discern the first germ of spiritual in the subject of theology. And his progress in te: * quiry in a vigorous intelligent mind.

in every other department of knowledge to which My mind has lately been in a state of considerable directed his attention, was such as fully to maintain agitation and interest with regard to God and eternity. high character which he had hitherto borne. But w bude Your example and exhortations have proved to me thus engaged in strictly professional studies, he was goads and spurs to urge me forward in the inquiry 1 nued to enlarge his acquaintance with other users : have been instituting into the state of my relations to important, though purely secular, pursuits. Thus, wie God. I first endeavoured to examine what were the a student in the Divinity Hall, he attended also a me evil principles of my heart which prevented me from of chemistry and anatomy, besides joining the red yielding submission to that revelation by which alone 1 class, in which he gained the first prize. knew I could recover the lost purity and dignity of my Towards the close of Mr Patterson's attendance

The high things' in my heart which exalted the University, an event occurred which, more tia." themselves against the knowledge of God, I found to other in his brief career, attracted the posicions be principally these two,--Ist, A tendency to criticise public towards him, and paved the way for his sts and cavil with the ways and the sayings of the Most | speedy advancement in life. His Majesty's Corner High; and, 2dly, An imbecility of mind, which allow- sioners for visiting the universities and colleges at ed the truths of religion to remain at a distance from land, while in the exercise of their duties in Eartmy apprehension in the course of my daily life. In- offered the sum of one hundred guineas for that numerable more particular, and, perhaps, what would essay “ On the National Character of the Athine be deemed more flagrant offences, pressed on my no- The competition was open to all the studenis van tice; but I think to these two heads might be traced attended any one of the classes during the season all the perverseness of my religious character. The 1826-7. The prize was awarded to Mr Patturum, second object of inquiry was the means of counteract- at the request of the Commissioners, afterwards jamming ing these spiritual distempers. And, in reference to ed his essay, dedicating it to Professor Pillars, tu the first of them, the great and only specific I could as a teacher, a counsellor, and a friend, be able to fola think of was faith. I have studied, and I cannot con- pressed himself deeply indebted. trovert, the historical evidence of the truth of Chris- The high honour thus conferred upon one se poate tianity; and so far I believe the Bible already. I be- might have been supposed likely to operate will com lieve that the great facts which it records actually took jurious effect upon his mind. It was nos so, bexion

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Mr Patterson still exhibited the same meekness, gentle | other claim upon his kindness than what was derived ness, and unobtrusive modesty, which had always been from the splendour of his talents, the extent and acprominent features of his character. And now, indeed, curacy of his scholarship, and the unbleinished purity more tban ever, he seemed to be chiefly anxious to imbibe of his moral character. The parish of Falkirk having and to exercise the principles and the dispositions of a ge- become vacant in 1829 by the death of Dr Wilson, nuine Christian. He felt himself to be on the eve of be- Mr Patterson was presented to it by the Crown. In a coming a candidate for the highest, most honourable, and letter to one of his most intimate friends, he tuus 110most decply responsible office which can be assumed by tices the unexpected event:man--that of an ainbassador of Christ; and without the “I must not occupy another page without informing slightest hesitation, therefore, he put away from him you of what I principally took up my pen to tell you, every thing that would tend to divert his mind from that I have just received a letter from Mr Peel, stating the grand object he had in view. An offer was made that he had determined to recommend me to his Mato him about this time to undertake the editorship of a jesty for the parish of Falkirk : having first thonyht literary journal, which was about to be started, but himself bound, in consideration of the importance of the proposal he firmly declined. His sentiments on the the charge, to offer it to two individuals of longer standpoint he thus states in a letter to a friend :

ing and high professional eminence, who had declined “I am now on the verge of my trials for the sacred it on the ground of their health being inadequate to the office: next winter is the last session which I can rea- | fatigues of such a trust, and intrusting his credit to sonably expect to spend as a regular member of the me for vindication in nominating so young and untried University; after that my destination becomes totally a man to such a situation. I have signified to him, in unfixed, and I shall probably continue but a very short reply, that if the resolution of devoting my uttermost time in Edinburgh. Every hour that now remains of energies and diligence to the task can in any degree the golden period of preparation for the duties of man- compensate for my acknowledged and felt deficiencies, hood requires to be redeemed, in order to make up the I pledged to him that resolution ; at the same time, arrears of the past, and creditably to meet the exigen- that I could not but feel it presumptuous for me in any cies of the future. And for this reason I have resolv. circumstances to embark in such a charge. I suppose, ed, for the ensuing winter, to be very selfish in my pur- therefore, my lot is fixed; and I write, by the first opsuits and the distribution of my time. As a candidate portunity, to let you know of it, as a duty which I owe for the ministry, I have seen too much of the secular- to my most valued friend, and in order to request from izing influence of such an occupation as you propose, / him his most serious advice and his most earnest praythat I should think of exposing to it the tastes and the ers. My mind is too much agitated as yet to permit tendencies of mind which I am bound to consecrate to my having formed any specific plans in regard to my God. As a student who has much to learn in a little preparation for this overwhelming underiaking, or to time, it were folly to exchange, for any consideration, allow me to write to you more at length, or with more those bours which such an employment would either deliberation. I beg you will excuse the shortness of entirely exhaust or render useless by anxiety.”

this letter in consideration of its importance, and that In the spring of 1828 Mr Patterson accepted the you will not refuse to write me very soon all your situation of private tutor to the young Lord Cran- ihoughts upon the subject. Let me know something stoun; and after a residence of some months at Hen- about the routine steps to be taken when the presenta, sol, in Kirkcudbrightshire, he accompanied his noble tion arrives; in regard to which I am shamefully ignopupil to Oxford. About this time a communication rant. Above all, pray for me, that I may be enabled was made to him that a Crown presentation to the pa- to‘go in and out before so great a people'a faithful rish of Daviot, in Aberdeenshire, was at his accept- ambassador of Christ !” ance.

The result of this kind offer, on the part of the The appointment of Mr Patterson gave universal then Home Secretary, Mr Peel, is thus noticed by Mr satisfaction to the parishioners of Falkirk, and he enPatterson:

tered upon his charge in February 1830, with a prospect You know the result of the Daviot business, which of long and extensive usefulness. The sphere of laseems to have occasioned you so much perturbation. bour, he knew, was large, and would require, on his My acceptance was so vehemently opposed by many of part, an expenditure of mental and bodily energy sufmy friends, and with some argumer.ts which seemed of ficient to exbaust a more robust and vigorous consticonsiderable weight, that I thought it proper, or rather tution than he possessed. Still he was resolved to Mr Horner thought it proper instead of nie, w say the dedicate himself with unreserved devotedness to the whole case before Mr Peel, and leave it to his wisdom work of his Lord and Master, and to spend and be and friendship (for really I cannot use a colder term in spent for the honour of Him in whose cause he was regard to his most generous behaviour to me) to decide embarked. And throughout the whole of his brief upon its merits. His opinion was in conformity with career as a minister of the Gos' el, the same spirit with that of those who wished me to delay my final settle- which he at first entered upon nis duties, continued in. ment for a year or two, in order that I might have the creasingly to animate bim. It may truly be said of bim full benefit of all those opportunities of preliminary indeed that he laboured both “in season and out of improvement which Providence has put within my season.” Not merely was he diligent and conscientious power. I believe that on the whole they have judged in his pulpit preparations, but in every other departrightly for me."

ment of pastoral duty the extent of his exertions is During the Christmas recess Mr Patterson accom- almost incredible. While his discourses on Sabbath panied Lord Cranstoun to Scotland, and embraced the were listened to by his people with the deepest attenopportunity now offered him of receiving license from tion, it was more especially in his visitations from the Presbytery of Kirkcudbright. Thus prepared to house to house that he won upon their atlections and enter upon the pastoral office in any parish to which, sympathies. In his public as well as in his private in the course of Providence, he might be appointed, it character, he was looked up to with admiration as a was not to be expected that one so well qualified in pattern and an example of every good word and work. every respect could be long permitted to remain with- Thus laborious and active in the discharge of the out a setrled charge. The eyes of multitudes were numerous and indeed overwhelming duties which deturned towards him as a young man of the highest pro- volved upon him, as the minister of a very large and pomize, and it is much to the credit of Mr Peel, that he pulous parish, it is not at all surprising tbat he frequentembraced an early opportunity of forwarding the views iy felt himself overdurdened both in body and mind. of one who, being personally unknown to him, had no On ore occasion of this kind, accordingly, he said to

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