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be exceedingly pestered with divers rects and heresies, maintenance for them and their families, “because foas of David George, Anabaptists, Libertines, and other reign countries have been exceedingly scandalised at the errors contrary to the purity of God's Word, and against neglect and ingratitude of divers Churches even in this which they cannot use those remedies that are most particular.

We read, too, of ministers being "given desired; and yet, on the other hand, this synod did in loan" to Churches for six months. But it is at a later exceedingly rejoice at the glad tidings of their care and day, and after the persecution, that we meet with the diligence in opposing and resisting those anti-scriptural most frequent and affecting notices of this kind. Exheresies, subversive of divine doctrine, order, and dis-press canons were passed by the Synod of 1579 to precipline; and it did most earnestly entreat them to per- vent the ingratitude of many Churches to their ministers; severe in the confutation and condemnation of them; the people are required to advance a provision for the as it would also, on its part, cordially join with them pastor for so many months, and, in the event of failure, in so doing, and would give, as it doth now give, an the minister is authorised to withdraw, and “the ungrateunquestionable proof thereof, by subscribing unto their ful Church shall not be provided with any other pastor confession of faith and Church discipline. And foras- till it shall have first given plenary satisfaction unto its much as this holy union and concord established be- former minister.” Notwithstanding that in many cases tween the Churches of France and those of the Low two or more congregations had been joined together, Countries, seems necessarily to demand their mutual and put under the charge of one minister, still the suploves and assistance, this assembly doth judge meet, port of the pastor was becoming more and more precarithat the Churches of both the nations shall lend and ous, so that the Synod of Montauban, in 1594, was borrow their ministers reciprocally, according as their constrained to pass the following resolution:

“ Forasrespective necessities shall require.

much as the ingratitude of divers persons, in not contri. It were easy to refer to many other pleasing features buting to their minister's subsistence, is more notorious in the character of the Church of France at this period than ever, and that this crying sin threatens the Churches of her history ; such as her loyalty to her Sovereign, with a total dissipation, after mature deliberation, we do and anxiety for his salvation, (Henry IV.)

decree, that in case these ungrateful wretches, having “ All ministers are exhorted to be earnest with God been several times admonished by their Consistory, (Kirk. in their public prayers for the conversion, preservation, Session,) do persist obstinately in this their sin, their and prosperity of the King; and whenever they be at Consistory shall deprive them of communion with the court, and have access unto his Majesty, they shall do Church in the Sacraments. This was a very strong their duty in reminding him seriously of the great con- step, but it proves how general and severe was the evil cerns of his soul's salvation. And the pastors ordin- against which it was directed, and also how seriously arily residing at court, or in its neighbourhood, shall the numbers and the Christian spirit of the French Probe writ unto by this synod, more especially to put this testants had declined. A few years later, in 1598, we our counsel into practice.

read of “the great desolations and dispersions of the I might refer to her spirit of love for the suffering | Churches in Provence;” of a minister, “by reason of and oppressed; the prayers which she requested for the the great necessities of the Churches,” being appointed Churches of the Low Countries; her missionary spirit, to serve two Churches ; and of another, «forasmuch recommending to the brethren of Languedoc, as he receiveth a very small salary from his Church, they do their endeavour to advance the kingdom of God, and hath been many years in their service,” being as much as in them lieth, not only at home in their own granted license to teach youth for his better maintenChurches, but, if it may be done without incommoding ance, a practice to which the Church was strongly their own flocks, abroad also.” I might refer to her

But wbat, perhaps, is still more impressive zeal in the cause of education, her anxiety that a college and affecting, it was decreed, “ Because of the present should be erected in each of the provinces ; the selec- distress and poverty of our Churches, and till such time tion of the city of Saumur as a convenient place for one as the Lord shall have blessed us with greater abilities, of them, and the earnest entreaty addressed to Governor it is ordained by this present Synod that the National De Plessis to aid in this good cause. But I have space Synod shall be convened only once in three years, unonly to allude to the unfavourable change which had less it be in case of very great necessity, as of heresy already taken place in the character of many of the Pro- and schism.” So that such was the poverty of the mitestants of France, and which became deeper and more nisters, arising from the weakness of their congregations, serious as we approach the termination of the period of and the declining piety of their people, that they could which we at present speak.

" that

not bear the expense of carrying on the business of the Pieasing and delightful as are the aspects of the Church in the way which their consciences judged most Church which we have been contemplating, it is scriptural. After all, it is not wonderful that the characwell known that the forms of truth may remain after ter and strength of the French Protestant Church should the spirit which originally established them has in bave been seriously impaired. Any Church which, by soine measure disappeared, and that fair outward fea- a stroke, loses between sixty and seventy thousand of tures in a Church, as a body, are quite consistent with its best members, may well be weak, the more especially the degeneracy of many of its individual members. The if as many, or a greater number, of the well-disposed dreadful persecution to which the Church of France had and timid are, by the same stroke, driven into apostasy. been subjected on St. Bartholomew's day, did not im- What Christian Church, at the present day, could stand prove her character or call forth new energies. Though such a trial unhurt? How many congregations would she wonderfully maintained her place amid the adverse be broken up and dispersed altogether! How many of circumstances with which she was surrounded, it would the strong would be damped and discouraged into weakseem that she had been seriously deteriorated. The ness! Accordingly, we have reason to believe, from perpetual reference which is made during the space of an enumeration which was made of the French Protwenty-six years, and especially towards its close, to testant Church in 1598, by authority, that it was rethe difficulty of supporting ministers, and the destitution duced to less than one thousand congregations. The and desolation of many of the Churches, as well as the number is given so low as seven hundred and sixty. various expedients, some of them ineffectual, which what a change from the two thousand of Beza, twentywere resorted to for rearing young men for the ministry, six years before! Even admitting that the early num. all shew that the people had declined in their religious ber was too great, and the latter too small, still it is character and diminished in number. From a very plain that a very serious diminution had taken place early period we read of Churches being advised to suc- in the numbers of the French Protestants. cour their ministers in their necessities, and to raise And it was not persecution alone which wrought the


change. Henry IV. bad been educated a Protestant, and I acter of those who have been removed entitles then had been much indebted to the Protestant party, but when to believe they are happy. With such anxiety the the prospect of the throne opened before him, he aban- world has little sympathy. It would, against eridoned the faith which he had been taught, and became a Roman Catholic. As Henry does not seem to have dence, believe well of all; nor do the reasons had any religious convictions, but was a mere man of which satisfy the Christian form an important e.ethe world, and of expediency, his adoption of Popery, ment in any degree of submission to which it arwhen he came to power, may be regarded as a proof rives. Its language is, restore the object, or fathat he considered the Romish party not only the stronger getfulness alone will render us superior to the loss. but the gaining one, and that Protestantism was losiris | It realises but indistinctly a future state of existground. And this quite accords with the representa

ence, or it evinces little interest whether that state tion which has been given. But the king was not alone in his apostasy, (if apostasy it can be called, where is blissful or miserable. But should the Christhere was no previous faith,) multitudes of the aristo- tian discern proofs of a departure to a better world, cracy went along with him, and indeed almost the he feels he ought not to give himself up to sorwhole Protestant class who liad any political influence. row entirely. The character of the death-bed is While this shews the power of royal example for evil; altered. He hopes and strives to meet again with ---and why not for good ? it proves also how unsound and degenerate was the religion of a large body of Protes. last breath is drawn, seems to have before him

those who have died in the Lord; and, as the tants. Had their religion been any thing better than a name, or a poor political feeling, they would not have a traveller in calm repose after the evils of a deserted the Protestant cause. In such circumstances journey, whom he ought not but to congratulate as these, it is not wonderful that the distinction between on escaping the difficulties to which he has been the Reformed Church and the Church of Roine began

“Our friend Lazarus is pot dead, but to lose its distinctness, and that many were ready, espe

exposed. cially when encouraged by bribes, to propose a union of

sleepeth.” the two Churches. All these influences were truly

The words are used, in a beautiful simplicity

, disastrous. But amid these mournful symptoms, we

with reference to the miracle our Lord was ahont must not forget that a far larger body of the Protestants to perform. He was going to give evidence tha: remained firm and stedfast, and that, as a Church, they he was the resurrection and the life somewhat eat. continued to adorn the doctrines of the cross.

lier than mankind were expecting. He could raise From the brief review which has been made of an interesting period in the history of the French Protes

the dead, at any period ; and was now about to tant Church, one may learn how strong is the tendency exercise the power in behalf of his friend, for purto, and how rapid the operation of, religious degeneracy: poses for which he performed other miracles in In a few years the Church rose to greatness and glory, those days. and in a few years she declined into comparative weak- The words, however, may justly be extended

So it was in primitive times with the Churches in their application. The miracle now wroucis of Asia Minor ; the vigour of their piety did not survive the death of the Apostles, and so it not unfrequently

on Lazarus, is but the same that is to be wrought happens with the individual Christian. His first are his one day on mankind generally. Christians ton et best days, and that so generally, that many good men every age, like him but sleep; and it is our comhave concluded that in every life of faith there is neces- fort to dwell on the pleasing image wherever ne sarily a season of backsliding: What the more immediate believe those who are removed have died in the causes of this may be, we are not here called upon to Lord. state; but one can scarcely fail to remark that such cases strikingly shew the amazing depravity of human

It suggests rest from trouble, positive enjoynature, even among good men ; tbe necessity of the ment, and the prospect of our arising. continued agency of the Holy Spirit to the spiritual In the first place, the image of sleep, emplerprosperity of individuals and of Churches, and the ed, with reference to believers, suggests rest from sovereignty of the Divine dispensations towards the trouble. Church of the Redeemer,

The traveller has at length come to the end of

his journey, and reposes, therefore, from all the DISCOURSE.

toils he has endured. These, in the Christian Le By the Rev. Hugh Ralph, LL.D.,

are of two kinds; those arising from sin, and the

which affect his outward condition. Minister of the Scotch Church, Oldham Street, Liverpool.

The former of these occasion little grief to Our friend Lazarus sleepeth."-John xi. 11. worldly men. They know sin only in its excess; The feelings with which Christians regard the de- and wherever it prevails greatly, their compensa parture of their friends, depend very much on the tions are not deep, and soon pass away, and they reasons they have for entertaining hope respecting are surprised at, and pity those who grieve ete: their present state. Their principles, indeed, do evils they do not see, or which, if they see at al. not raise them entirely above natural sorrow. They they esteem but lightly. No trouble, however, feel acutely the loss of those with whose counte- so painful to the Christian as sin, in any forte, nance and kindness they have been long familiar, whether it consist in the omission of what is con. nor do they conceive regret for their removal in- manded, or the commission of what is forhid's compatible with holy resignation and submnission. His views of sin have been greatly extended. In At the same time, they have been accustomed to regards himself as bound not merely to forsend regard the present life but as the introduction to an vice, but to cultivate every kind of moral st12eternal one. It has never been viewed apart from it, ment, yea, even to aspire to be holy, as Gm is and they anxiously seek to know how far the char- | holy, and that too, not only by outward contour

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mity to his will, but by having his very thoughts bodily sleep the functions are going on, and the and feelings moulded according to it. Through mind is active, it may be more active than when the principles he has imbibed he loathes whatever awake. But the rest of a spirit is the most blesswould defile him, in his extended view of what sin ed activity, consisting in a free exercise of its is. He commits it, but reluctantly. He is ashamed powers, in a place and among objects adapted to of himself for acting contrary to his better feelings, its nature. Here it has not scope, or is fretted or and desires to have every lust sacrificed, and him- hindered in its motions, finds no congenial interself, in soul, body, and spirit, altogether conformed course or employment. The hour of death, thereto the law of God.

fore, is to it the hour of agreeable repose. Now To such exalted attainment too he is constrain- it expands, as in its proper element, and ceaseed, not merely by his better feelings, but by ne- lessly asserts its glorious liberty. Of its condicessity. He cannot sufficiently express his obli- tion, mode of intercourse, and pursuits, we know gations to Christ for the sufferings he has under- but little ; but the little we do know, gives us gone in his behalf, and the inheritance he has elevated views of its enjoyments. It is employed provided for him, and would therefore exercise yet in contemplation. It is fixed on that one object greater pains to imitate his example, and walk in on which all the attention of all the heavenly in

“ The love of Christ constraineth me,” habitants is fixed,-—Jesus Christ, the Lamb slain is his language, “ because I thus judge, that if one from the foundation of the world; and thence it died for all, then were all dead, that they who live draws aliment for wonder and praise. It is fixed on might not live unto themselves, but to him who the deep things of God, acquiring clearer insight died for them and rose again.”

into his character and ways. It enjoys a most This desire to be holy increases as he approaches blessed society. Society is the great source of enan eternal world; so that, when on its borders, joyment here. We cannot live alone, and we find he painfully reflects on the little attainment he a higher relish in sharing our feelings with those has made, and earnestly prays that ere he go around us. But within the vail is the companionhence he may be thoroughly qualified to enjoy ship of all who are really valuable,our friends who the pure pleasures of the heavenly state. Now have slept in Christ, whom, it is reasonable to bethe moment of transition is a relief from all such lieve, we shall recognise,—the good also, whom anxiety, and from all further cause of it. Lay- we have not known, but whose faith has invigorated, ing aside his body, he lays aside a sinful nature, praises excited, or deeds inspired us ;-we see all and is no longer disturbed by a law in his mem- sit down in the kingdom of heaven with Abraham, bers warring against the law of his mind. But and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the worthies of one principle reigns triumphant—a feeling of ar- every age. Who, on reading their lives, would dent and devoted conformity to God's will. He en not wish to meet with them? The mind gives joys, therefore, a rest of all others most desirable them a presence of its own. But in heaven they to him; and as he bids an eternal adieu to his exist, and new joy is imparted by sharing with greatest enemy, may be said to sleep rather than them in the praise of the Redeemer.

Employments too are, no doubt, furnished in Inferior to trouble from sin, is trouble arising the heavenly world, though of these we know litfrom outward circumstances, though still very pain- tle, because unable to appreciate them. Praise, ful to him; and from this he experiences a blessed we are satisfied, as most delightful, is one; and, relief on leaving the body. Though a Christian, besides this, active duty is another, at the bidding he has his share of this like other men. He has of the Almighty, and for the benefit of his creahis difficulties to secure a provision for himself tures. and those who are dependant on him, and may

be And this meditation, intercourse, and activity, dependant on his own unaided exertions. The which is its repose, commences with the departure cares of the world often oppress his spirit. His of the spirit from the ly. It is now free, and better principles, too, are continually exposing him enters on its blessed state at the moment of death. to opposition and reproach. He may be widowed Is it not, then, a delusion to be taken up with of objects nearest his affections, and may carry with the outward appearance of the body of a believer him á frame which every wind shatters, and that in Christ, whose spirit has been removed ? He occasions many a pain ere it be laid in the dust. is not there. There lie before us but the memoSuch trouble, however, does not follow the spi- rials of a misery for ever escaped. And as we rit to the heavenly mansion. It has, indeed, ex- trace the spirit up its ascending path, and consiperienced a happy release; and sever, and pain, and der its present condition, we feel our friend is not weakness are unknown in that climate, whither it dead, but asleep. We made a mistake. The has sped. They are thought of only as evils chamber where the pious meet their fate, is their never again to be borne, and with the joy, there- disrobing room. They are now emancipated, and fore, of one who is taking his rest after hours of theirs is that glorious repose, the liberty of the tribulation. He is not dead. He is but asleep. sons of God.

But, secondly, the image suggests positive en- Thirdly, The image suggests the prospect of joyment.

arising again. The sleep of a moral and rational nature is a On retiring to rest, we hope to begin again the very different thing from simple rest. Even in

Even in duties of the day. And that profound repose,

to die.

into which some weary traveller has fallen, brings | to pass on his body. The night may be long. to our mind the idea of coming out with freshness Our fathers may not have witnessed the succeda and vigour, to enter on other toils, that may be ing morning. The streaks of it may not yet agfollowed again by invigorating repose. And this pear to us. But He who originally made man idea, too, holds good with regard to the death out of the dust, whose eye is on every particle, of the Christian. His spirit is happy, and will one day call all from the tomb, and unite each therefore he is happy indeed. But his happiness spirit to its old companion. Our Christian friends may be increased, may be more complete, and we are not dead, but sleep. They shall arise again. are informed of a day on which his very dust We bury them in hope. They will awake refreshed shall break the slumber of the tomb, and arise to and invigorated. Sorrow not then, brethren, as å glorious condition.

those who have no hope. Heathens may experiThe grave is a loathsome dwelling to man. It ence such sorrow. You should know better things

. is so dark; it is so chilly; it is so repulsive. Must | You see in the death of a Christian but the gloriwe bury a form there which awakened so much ous repose of a greater than this world's warrior, delight in our minds, which we cherished with so -a repose succeeded only by a blessed awakening. much fondness, beneath which the hand of affec- Your anxiety should be directed rather to the tion has often smoothed the pillow, and whose point of their safety. Were their views of divine most trifling movement was the spring of such truth correct ? Did they look to heaven as the anxiety ? It must be. The fairest form must reward of their doings, or the purchase of those one day say to corruption, “ Thou art my father, of Christ ? Did they repose unreserved trust in and to the worm, thou art my mother.” But are him? Were they enabled to bear their sufferings we not to turn our eyes away from the grave as with meekness and patience? Was it their care too repulsive for our view? Is it, after all, so dark to be more and more meet for an inheritance with and dreary a place ? And do we cherish the hope the saints in light? If so, they are not dead in of one day beholding its inhabitant coming out of the common acceptation of that word. They are it like Lazarus in increased freshness and beauty ? at rest. They are happy. They shall rise again

, My friends, the resurrection has often appeared and cherished as their form may have been, it to me a singular proof of the strength of that shall be yet worthier still when transfigured like consolation the Gospel imparts, as I have often that of Christ. Kather do you look forward to reminded those who have lost their Christian meeting them again ; and be persuaded you must friends. The heathen knew no such consolation. tread the path they trode, otherwise, however pleasThey could conjecture; they borrowed emblems; ing it be to natural affection, the prospect of meetbut they had only a vague hope. Christ, how- ing them again will prove a delusion. It is here ever, has put the matter beyond a doubt; and that we are often led astray. We believe we shall how does he do so ? By telling us we shall rise meet again, because we desire to do so. But again? That were enough for faith, but the faith fidelity requires me to state very plainly, that this must be strong. He goes into the grave. He depends on the settlement of a previous question, takes a Lazarus out of it. He asks you to give Are we prepared to die? Are we living for anhim food, converse with him, remove his fetters. other world? Do we inherit the faith, imitate the He goes into the grave, and actually remains example, and follow the footsteps of those who under its power a few days; and he himself comes have slept in Christ ? out of it. “ Reach hither thy hand,” says he, One object which God has in view in remorixe “ and be not faithless but believing.” He is seen Christian friends, is to lead us to prepare. He of many. He converses, he eats, he walks, he as- shelters his own. He calls them to their rest in cends. Thus he became the first fruits of them that mercy, and he calls them also in mercy to es sleep. In his resurrection we see a pledge of his The blank has been made that we may look at it. love. The head rose ; so will the members. The The prop taken that we may lean on a hearen'y judge is to ascend the tribunal, all must arise and The vanity of the world made apparent, stand there. “I would not have you be ignorant that we may look for a city which hath fomniaconcerning them which are asleep, for if we be- tions, and not merely muse on it. Is the call adlieve that Jesus died and rose again, even so swered in our case ? Has it awakened us to mediu them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring tation, inquiry, and prayer ? Another call may with him.” “I know that my Redeemer liveth, follow, if it has not already followed; for if we and that he shall stand at the latter day on the will not cease to strive with God, God will det earth, and though after my skin worms destroy cease to strive with us. this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God.” And how different are the feelings with whic

You doubt the fact, you hesitate to believe. we regard the loss of Christian friends, whese Think of the corn. It springs not until it dies. evidences were clear, from those with which w Think especially of the resurrection of Christ. regard the loss of friends of whom we can do Did he not rise again? Put the witnesses on trial, hope, or rather despair ! Of. the final end of* and say if he did not. And not doubting his re- latter, we scarcely dare think, or if we think rá surrection, believe your friends will rise again. we shudder. There is no rest to the wicked med

The death of a Christian, then, is aptly signi- in death. Unjustified and unsanctified, thermes fied by sleep, in regard to the change which is yet be condemned, and who shall describe the meet


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of a soul that first discovers the delusion under and the greater part of its productions. The hedges, which it has lived ?

that have taken years to grow, are buried; and the Choose ye, therefore, the better part, which works of man, on the earth's surface, almost lost sight

of. Where dwells it then? Where is it produced ? shall never be taken from you. Already figure to

Where are the treasure-houses in which is laid up its yourselves that hour at which the world will be exhaustless provision ? By what is its enormous mass as nothing to you, and eternity all. Take the side sustained, till the day when it is thrown down on the such a prospect dictates. Make an open, hearty, earth? constant, confession of Christ before men. Believe

To such inquiries science may reply, that snow is in him, love him, obey him. Let no service inter- moisture congealed by the cold in the upper regions of fere with his. Say, not only, let me die the death, its greater weight to the earth. And if science seeks,

the atmosphere, and when congealed, descending by but also let me live the life, of a righteous man. in such an answer, merely to point out the manner of And, then, instead of anxious silence, or agitat- God's operation in the matter, it answers well. But ing apprehension, those who gather around your if it pretends thereby to set aside God's working, or dying bed will mark its peacefulness, entertain even to clear away the mystery and wonder with which the prospect of meeting you again, and congratu- series of inquiries, whence comes the moisture, whence

it is encompassed, it will but expose itself to an endless late you on your gain. They will come from your the cold, &c.; and to derision, for its silliness in putfuneral full of the lessons your life has imparted, ting a mean for the cause. The Scriptures furnish the -a mode of embalming your memory, far more answer of true philosophy, as well as of true piety, grateful than that too often sought. They will when they teach, “ Fire and hail, snow and vapours, muse over your glorified state. They will reflect stormy wind, fulfil God's word :”

“ He giveth snow with joy on the troubles you have left, the joys casteth forth his ice like morsels :”

like wool; he scattereth the boar-frost like ashes; he

“ God saith to the you possess, and the bliss you have in prospect; snow, Be thou upon the earth.” and looking beyond the sad havoc death has made

Next attend to its uses. Every thing in God's creaof a form so dear to them,—the glazed eye, and tion is of use. Every arrangement under his governcold forehead, and spare form,—they will exclaim ment, though it may be accompanied with temporary with equal calmness, comfort, and truth, “ Our inconveniene or with partial suf ng and loss, has friend is not dead. He is but asleep. Peace to

some good purpose to accomplish, and does accomplish his ashes. He shall rise again.”

some widely beneficial end. Harm, perhaps to a considerable extent, will result to many quarters of the land,

from the sudden and early onfall of snow this season. THE SNOW-STORM IN OCTOBER. And yet its general agency is productive of no little

good. It is part of the well-balanced system of nature, BY THE Rev. SAMUEL MARTIN,

subserving important purposes in the economy of proMinister of Bathgate.

vidence. It is useful in maintaining the fertility of the

earth. It is the great means of replenishing those in“ Hast thou entered into the treasures of the snow."-JOB xxxviii. 22.

ternal reservoirs of water, which are poured forth upon How beautiful a thing is snow! beautiful it is, envé- the earth from countless springs, and which give origin loping the earth in its fleecy mantle. A dazzling pros- to the numberless streams. Without the latter pervadpect it presents when it appears under the clear sun, ing every district, and almost every field, every one making every thing glitter like diamonds, and conceal- knows that the earth, notwithstanding occasional rains, ing, with its garb of purest white, all that is ugly, filthy, would become so parched under the heat of the sumor displeasing to the eye. Beautiful it is in its large mer's sun, as to be little better than a barren waste. flakes, descending on the earth with slow and fickering While it thus furnishes the chief supply of that moistmotion. Beautiful it is in its minutest crystals, all ure, which is laid up in the bosom of the earth itself, (as close observation shows) most accurately formed, and given forth in measured quantities to refresh its and subject to the most exact laws. Yet it is also most surface, snow, in its slow and gentle melting, assists sublime. How grand is it; what an idea of power does greatly, more even than rain,-more hastily descending, it give, when it is swept along on the furious blast, but also more hastily running off,—to break the tough when it renders the viewless wind, as it were, visible, clod, and prepare it for all the processes of husbandry. enabling us to trace its motion and its course; and It is also useful in protecting the products of the ground. when the thought of fear mingles with other reflections, Let the bleak frost of winter come, and no snow ever that it may prove the winding-sheet of many a hapless fall to cover over the surface, and interpose between it traveller exposed to its fury. Well, therefore, did the and the sharpness and power of the frost, and what Lord ask Job, “hast thou entered into the treasures of would be the effect? The herbage, which we rear with the snow," when he was mustering from all creation such care for our flocks and herds, would be congealed the proofs of his power, the tokens of his majesty and to its roots, and would die. The crops, which we sow almighty sovereignty, to produce in the patriarch the before winter for our own use, would be cast out of humble spirit, which made him exclaim, “ I have heard the ground, and would perish. The whole vegetable of thee by the hearing of the ear, but now mine eye world would be in danger of destruction. Few, even seeth thee; wherefore I abhor myself, and repent in of its larger and stronger tribes,—the bushes and trees, dust and ashes.”

-would long survive, if their roots were exposed withLet us advert, for a moment, to "the treasures of out any protection at all, but that of the soil in which the snow.” Whence comes it? In what storehouse is they grow, to the intensity of the winter's frost. And it laid up to be poured forth upon the earth? What while every spring would thus present to us almost a ample reservoir do the clouds contain, to hold the mighty desolate wilderness, with hardly a living plant on its quantities which are sent to the earth? What an amount surface, the earth would be so cooled and chilled by of it falls! Flake after lake it comes down, till it covers the frost, that spring would always come much later, a whole country for many feet deep, nay, till it covers and that, in many parts, the whole power of the summany countries, till it covers, as it yearly does, a large mer's sun would never thaw the ground, which would part of the globe. Coming often with little and brief therefore yield no food for man or beast. The snow forewarning, it will, in a night, hide the earth from us, furnishes this needed protection. Beneath its surface,

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