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he had sacrificed his conscience to his interest, he found
no hope of safety. The emissaries of Bonner were TIE DYING CHRISTIAN'S ANTICIPATIONS of prowling about in search of him, until he escaped from
their hands and obtained a passage to the contices.. DEATH AND GLORY.
But there also his circumstances were desperate. lie Ey RICHARD HUIE, Esq. M D.
found no one to befriend him, he had no pecuniary reMy body wastes, my strength decays,
sources, and he wandered about often in want of a loma My cheek is sunk and pale ;
ing for the night. At last he arrived in the ciych My feeble, flutt'ring pulse betrays
Franckfort, where he met with some English exiles, who How fast my spirits fail.
received himn with considerable kindness. But the reThe garden spreads its ev'ry charm,
collection of his apostasy continually tormented bin; To tempt me forth again ;
and before the whole congregation he declared, that it But friendship's kind encircling arm
was his “abject and cowardly inind, and faint benet, Assists my steps in vain.
which inade his weak band commit this great wicked.
ness. In vain the sun ascends the sky,
With signs and with tears, his public confession Or darkness veils the lawn:
was mingled; and it was concluded with earnest sup By day, for evening's close I sigh ;
plications, first to Almighty God whom he had offended, By night, for morning's dawn.
and then to the Church which he had scandalized. In Each waking act a burden seems
conduct was so ingenuous, his expressions were so ätTo nature's sinking pow'rs;
fecting, and his whole demeanour displayed so much And fancy's wild and fever'd dreams
genuine contrition and sorrow, that the whole corteDisturb my sleeping hours.
gation received him not only as a dear brother, but as
an angel of God.
The benevolent Cruden, Author of the Conecrdur.
was tried and capitally convicted at the Old Bailes, i And while my friends, with doubt and fear, uttering a seaman's will, knowing it to be forged My fading members see,
crime to which, with some propriety, the royal merc; Let this dear truth my bosom cheer,
rarely extended. The evidence which was brougutis. That Jesus died for me!
ward on the trial, proved that Potter was a poor, L Jesus, my Prophet, Priest, and King,
norant, credulous person, who had been made the te In death's cold arins has lain;
of designing cunning, and who was utterly uncorisce Jesus, who blunts the monster's sting,
of the offence which he had committed. Providentials Shall raise my dust again.
Mr Cruden was in Court; and being firmly convinn? "Tis sweet to feed upon his grace,
that Potter was a proper object for the royal clemenci, Who reigns on Sion hill;
he determined to attempt to save him from a punis. But oh! to see him face to face,
ment which he believed the condemned person didrs It must be sweeter still!
deserve. That he might not act without due cauti-,
he had an interview with Potter in the prison, and atiti My soaring spirit heav'n ward tends,
a careful examination, he became certain that in:033e Ev'n now its porch 1 view;
had been the sole cause of the perpetration of the er:1.5e. Adieu, my dear, desponding friends!
However improbable it might seem, Mr Cruden's ir... And thou, vain world, adieu !
fatigable diligence, and his constant and importu... The faith that Christ is Lord on high
applications to government, were attended with us A blest assurance gives;
cess, and the sentence of death was transmuted into Shall ransom'd sinner fear to die,
that of transportation for life. But Mr Cruden's beneWhile his Redeemer lives? volent solicitude did not terminate here. He pray
TRO with the poor criminal, exhorted him, instructed kinais MISCELLANEOUS.
the principles of religion, brought him to a proper set The Providence of God. When Queen Mary, upon
of the wickedness of his past life, and, in one word, cthe death of Edward VI., ascended the throne, Bishop
ducted to the vital knowledge of the truth, a wrete Jewell was expelled from his college because of his op
who had previously scarcely known of the being a
God. The amiable tenderness with which Mr Cre.. position to Popery. At length he was taken; and his subscription to tie system he abhorred, upon pain of visited, taught, fed, and clothed his poor pupil, and
anxiety he felt and displayed for his temporal and erri. proscription and torture, was demanded. Jewell's firm
lasting good, must ever endear his memory, in spite of ness gave way, and with a timidity which long obscured his reputation, he signed a paper expressive of his ap
all his oddities, to the heart of humanity, and the at probation of some of the articles of Popery. But his
must be contemplated as a memorable event in the
vidence of God. recantation was of no use to him whatever. The inilictions of providential judgment were used to bring Lim again to the faith he had denied. Suspected of Published by JOHN JOHNSTONE, at the Offices of the Scott; having only acte a part, and his sincerity being en- CHRISTIAN HEUALI, 104, High Street, Edinburgh, and her tirely disbeliever, snares were soon laid for him; and
ford Street, Glasgow; JAMRS NisaeT & Co., HAMILTON, 4*
& Co., and R. G100MBRIDGE, London ; W. CURRY & Co. Da he would have been inevitably caught in the toils of and W. M'Comb, Beifist; and sold by the Booksellers and Let those who were vigilantly on the alert for his destruc
Agents in all the Towns and Parishes of Scotiand; and in
principal Towns in England and Ireland. tion, had he not, as he thought accidentally, gone in a Subscribers in Edinburgh and Leith will have their spennen Toad on a way to London, different from that on which livered at their own residences regularly, by leaving the att
with the Publisher, or with John Lindsay & Co., 7. South S* he was accustomed to travel. On this journey, which
drew Street.-- Subscribers in Glasgow will, iu like manger, lie was prosecuting o: foot, he was found on a snowy their copies delivered, by leaving their addresses at the Pubbing winter's night, alone, lying on the ground, starving,
Orlice therc, 19, Glassford Street. iaint, unconscious, and at the very gates of death, by
Subscription (payable in arrance) per quarter, oftvere il
13. 60.--per hall-year, of twenty-four weeks, is per year, of the servant of Dr Latimer; by his attentions his life eight weeks, (s.-- Monthly Parts, containing tour Numbers to was preserved, and he was conducted to a place of shel
stitched in a printed wrapper, Price Sixpence. ter and repose. But on his arrival in London, though
Printed at the Steam-Prers of Ballantyne & Co., from the Sexe type Plates of Thoinns Allan & Co.
IS IT A VALID OBJECTION TO THE TRUTH those who are perplexed, and convince those who OF REVELATION THAT IT CONTAINS
object that they are acting an unreasonable part,
we shall not conceal that there are mysteries deep MYSTERIES?
and unsearchable in the volume of revelation ; but BY THE Rev. Peter CURROR,
we shall set before them other objects, not within Minister of St. Martin's.
that volume, which they admit, and which are adThe word translated mystery in the New Testa- mitted on all sides, to be from the hand of God, ment, we are aware, means a truth which was un- and we shall shew them that they are as thickly known until it was revealed, and would have re- wrapped in mystery as those at which they stummained unknown had it not been revealed. But ble. The works of God are stretched out before our the English word mystery, means also, and more All confess them to be from his hand ; and frequently, a truth which we do not fully compre- if we find mysteries in them, we surely should not hend. In this sense it is often applied to some be startled when we see mysteries in his word. If of the statements of revelation. It sometimes both have proceeded from the same hand, both must takes the shape of a difficulty, and sometimes of be expected to wear the same character. If we an objection. Some humble inquirers lie long find difficulties in the one, difficulties must be lookperplexed, either at the threshold of the temple of ed for in the other ; if we find mysteries in the divine truth, or at their entrance into some of its one, mysteries must be looked for in the other. apartments, struggling with difficulties which they There is not a field of creation on which we cannot overcome. There is always some incon- can turn our eye, where our inquiries do not insistency which they think they see, and which stantly terminate in inscrutable mystery. How they must have reconciled, a spell of some mystery soon do we come to processes which we cannot on this truth or that truth, which they must have explain, to the operation of causes of which we broken. There are others who take a prouder po- know nothing ? We might go to any district of sition, who make the standard of their own reason nature we choose, all alike we should find wrapthe measure of revelation. Whatever of its dis-ped in an under mantle of darkness. We shall closures come within its scale they receive; what- select a specimen which is familiar to every eye, ever they suppose rises above it, or falls below it, and which most of us, probably, have been supthey reject. If any of its descriptions of human posing we know all about. Look to a single blade nature do not coincide with the views which they of grass. It is a part of a plant which we see take of it, they set them aside as untrue, and as, every day; which overspreads the earth with vertherefore, no part of revelation ; if any of its dure. It springs from a substance the most unlike reasonings do not arrive at the same conclusions to itself. It draws its nourishment from the clods at which they have arrived, they blot them from of the earth ; and from the materials which it thence its pages as inconclusive, and as, therefore, unwor- derives, it forms a substance the most opposite in thy of the pen of inspiration. Such portions they its aspect and its properties. In the former, there reckon as falling below their standard ; there are is no beauty to admire, in the latter all is loveliness; others which they reckon as rising above it, and in the former, there is nothing nutritious for the which they as unceremoniously reject. Some of its living inhabitants of the globe, the latter is their truths are wrapped in difficulties which they cannot provided food. Yet from the earth, almost every tear away; some are, to their view, standing in particle of which the herb is composed has been deWiile and irreconcileable inconsistency; some are rived. A process has been undergone by which shrouded in a mystery, which the utmost efforts of these particles have been differently combined, and their reason cannot unveil; and they think it un- a substance produced altogether unlike in its comworthy of revelation to let us but half way into any plexion and its character. But over this process a of its secrets, to leave any of its disclosures so far mystery hangs which we cannot penetrate; there above the level of our comprehension.
are secrets which we cannot unveil. It is a proNow, to satisfy both these parties, to relieve cess which no chemistry can imitate or understand. representations
If it be thought that it is the minuteness of at every footstep, a crowd of living and sentient these processes which baffles our researches, look beings, and that we cannot quench our thirst withat the objects of creation on a larger scale. As out inhaling and entombing, with every mouthful thick a shroud of mystery will be found envelop- of water which we drink, thousands of animals in ing its largest as its minutest operations. In the the full possession of that life and enjoyment globe of the earth itself, in the material of which which their Creator gave them. We have ampie it is formed, our inquiries would soon have been proofs of the goodness of God; but how all this stopped by a screen of unsearchable mystery, is compatible with his goodness, we may be unabithough nothing else had been done but calling it to tell. If we lift our eyes to the firmament over into existence, and though the energies which now our heads, we see the moon as she walks her course, clothe it with beauty and verdure had slumbered and draws towards herself the heaving waters of for ever. We might have gazed on its composi- the ocean; but we cannot tell how her attraction and its magnitude ; at every step of our exa- tive influence is conveyed. We see the sun tramination we should have found mystery. We might velling our firmament and dispensing light over have lifted a stone or a clod from its surface, that our path ; but we cannot tell how that light is we might examine more narrowly the materials of produced, how it travels, how it pencils surroundwhich it was formed. And all our philosophy might | ing objects with so many varying hues, how it have gone forth in search of a cause, from which enters our eye, or how it paints
its a stone or a world might have sprung. We might on a tablet within the view of our minds. We have laboured from the varying arrangement of those see the firmament sparkling with innumerable stars; causes which we knew, to educe another cause, but we cannot tell their character, or their disor a combination of causes adequate to the magnifi- tance ; we can form no conception of that prover cent result. But our most accomplished philosophy which, while it is minute enough in its cafe to might have gone forth in vain ; it would have re- sustain the fluttering of every insects wing, and turned with a report only of bafiling mystery. But the teeming population of every drop of water, s still more unsearchable is the mystery which meets wide enough in its range to uphold these coulius when we are surrounded, not merely by a creation less and unmeasured orbs. slumbering in silence and in death, but by a world Since then the works of God are so thich which is full of life, which, though ages and centuries shrouded in mystery, we need feel no disappoiuhave rolled over it, is still as fresh and vigorous as ment, should we find the shade of mystery lwin ever, which with every returning season is clothed also on piis word. If we find God in what we with a new mantle of verdure, which with every know he has already done, leaving many thine returning year covers its ample board with a new but half understood by us, we are prepare l to ed provision for the wants of its living inhabitants. pect, in any of his farther proceedings, some this
Amid the works of God, then, we are hedged also which we cannot fully understand. The lid round with unsearchable mystery on every side. of every one, within our sphere of knowleza We see a world in existence, we cannot tell how marked by a certain character, and we see the for it acquired it. We see it revolving on its axis, tures of that character tracing every thing white and giving us the pleasing changes of day and he does or says. If that character is one of so night; we cannot tell how its motion is upheld. city, then we anticipate a longsighted prudence : We see it rolling round its orbit, and carrying us all his conversation and conduct ; if it is of 0. through refreshing varieties of spring and sum- folly, then should we look for folly in all hin istemer, and autumn and winter ; we cannot tell how gular steps. The writings of every author tale this ceaseless movement is prolonged. We see characterised by a certain style of thought. We its plants covering its fields with verdure, its speak of it as his style ; it may be clear or x. flowers expanding in loveliness, its trees bursting scure, it may be cold or glowing, but if we alt into foliage; we cannot tell how a blade of its familiar with it, on looking into a volume, grass is inade to grow, how its flowers are painted know at once whether or not it is his. Ste". with their variegated tints, how its trees cover any anonymous production appear, we can coiled themselves with their branches and their leaves. ascertain from its internal character, whether it We know that a hand beyond our own deals out from the pen of such an author. It may be to us every breath which we draw, and upholds like his other productions, that we are sure ? every step which we take; we cannot tell how it his ; or it may be so unlike them, that we are works. We know that our souls are united with it is not his. And certainly if there was one is our bodies, but we cannot tell how. We know ture imprinted on each, that, instead of discre that the resolutions of the one are instantly ing, would go so far to prove a common parecida obeyed by the other, but we cannot tell how to both. If there is one feature, therefore, the commands of the one are communicated to printed both on the works and on the word the other. In the midst of all that is benefi- God, that, instead of disproving, goes so far cent in creation, we see the various races of ani- prove that both have proceeded from the 2 mals which people our globe preying upon, and hand. If we find mystery in the works of liv. devouring one another; and we know that we that is at least enough to silence the oltean ourselves cannot tread on a world on which we which is raised from the existence of mysterze" je are appointed to dwell, without crushing to death, his Word. This is all the use which we now jtva
pose to make of it. We might, however, even written in characters in the sky which every eye go farther, and use it as a positive, though a col- might read; why it was not earlier and more widelateral argument. If we find a certain degree of ly made known, we are unable to tell. There may obscurity in the writings of an author, and if in be, there must be causes, and the best of causes an anonymous production we find the same degree why it was not otherwise. Purposes may be of obscurity, that of itself does not prove, but, answered which no other method could have analong with others, it is a collateral proof that they swered so well ; evils may be avoided which no have come from the same hand. In like manner, other method was so well fitted to avoid. the existence of the same mystery in the word these have not been disclosed. What they are we and in the works of God, while it does not of cannot tell. They are in the number of those itself prove, is, along with others, a collateral and mysteries from which the curtain has not been strengthening proof of a common authorship to both. drawn. The state of our souls when dislodged
We do not wish, then, to conceal—we have no from their present habitations, and the manner in object in concealing—that there are mysteries in which our bodies are to be reconstructed from their revelation. It is alike more modest, more honest, dust, as well as many other topics scattered over and more philosophical to confess, that there are, the volume of revelation, are mysteries of which than to spend fruitless ingenuity in trying to ex- we can give no explanation.
We know that they plain them away. There is one topic shrouded in are revealed, but how they are brought about we mystery, which is common both to the won and know nothing. We find alike, then, mysteries in the works of God. The origin of evil stretches the word of God and mysteries in his works; and over both into a night of darkness, which the light those who hesitate to embrace this revelation till of neither can dispel. It plants one poisoned foot all its mysteries are cleared away, are demanding on the one, and another on the other ; but its of the word of God, what they do not seek and head is enveloped in clouds which neither can dis- what they do not find in his works. They are sipate. We know that evil exists ; revelation applying, moreover, a principle to the one which tells us of the first breath which it drew, but how would be fatal to them if applied to the other. it acquired its existence, is a mystery which we They are acting like one who, though dying of cannot unveil. That there are three persons in thirst, should refuse to drink of the waters of a one Godhead, is an express announcement of re- lake till he explored all its depths. And were velation; but how they co-exist, is an unfathom- they, on the same principle, to refuse to partake of able mystery. We know the fact, of the mode the fruits of the earth till they had fathorned all we know nothing. The consistency of the pre- the mysteries of their growth and organization, destination of God with the free agency of man, digestion and nutrition, not one would survive the is another truth of the same class. Both we inquiry. Had the Israelite refused to eat of the know to be true. Whether we look to nature manna sent down from heaven till he understood or to revelation, we may be satisfied that God how it was produced, he would have perished in predestines all things ; given fore-knowledge the wilderness. And if death to our natural conand sovereignty, there results predestination. stitution is the unavoidable consequence of such We know, too, that we act freely: I feel at a principle, when applied to our bodily wants, this moment at freedom either to write or to lay then, under the economy of the same God, death down my pen. Both being true, they must be to our spiritual constitution is what we are encompatible with one another, but how they are so, titled to expect, when it is applied to our spiritual is a mystery which the ingenuity of man has often wants. Mysteries are inseparable from a revelaattempted to solve, but in which it has always tion, coming from a God whose understanding is been foiled. The incarnation of Deity, too, the infinite, and not to comprehend them is insepararesidence of that which fills immensity in the ble from the finite, the short-sighted understandcompass of a human frame, we know to be a state-ing of man. Some, however, wrested them to ment of revelation; but how they were united their own destruction in the time of the apostles, together, how the one could be the habitation of and they may be wrested to the same purpose the other, are questions which we cannot answer ; still. And if we stand wrangling on the threshold they are veiled in inscrutable mystery. “ God of this temple of heavenly truth, till we have was manifested in the flesh, but it is a great mys- scaled the height of its pillars, which reach to tery of godliness.” We know, too, that the Spi- heaven, then will the grave find us as closely rit of God exerts a sanctifying influence on the wrapped in mystery as now ; eternity will find us soul of man; but how, unheard and unseen by still beholding, still wondering, still perishing. us, he exercises this influence, is a mystery which we cannot unravel. We can read the statement that he does so, we can see the result of his doing
THE REV. OLIVER HEYWOOD, A.B. so, but how he does so, we cannot tell. Ages
(Concluded from our last.) had rolled over our world before the plan of mercy After ten years of the utmost harshness and severity unfolded in revelation, was fully made known; ages exercised towards the nonconformists, Charles, finding shall roll over it still, before it shall reach every that such measures were unavailing to force their comfamily of our race. Why it was not at once ut- pliance with his wishes, issued a suspension of all the rered in notes which every ear might hear, or nenal laws which had been passed against them. Mr
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF
Heywood having, in consequence, received his license | farewell that day, preaching on Rev. ii. 4–5. At the to preach publicly, gladly took advantage of the privi- close I gave my reasons, and some advice. The occalege, and dispensed the word and the bread of life to
sion excited the tenderest feelings, and floods of tears, his affectionate people at Coley, who, after so long a
such as I never witnessed in all my life in public. I separation, gladly welcomed the return of their former that God would set the stamp of his grace and Spirit
promised my best assistance to them all in private. O pastor. The Church which, at this time, he constituted,
on these warm sensations! Who knows what good was formed on Presbyterian principles. His labours were
may be done by this closing sermon? However, these very abundant, his ministry was numerously attended, feelings are a token for good, and a presage of the and crowned with much success. Mr Ileywood's two
Lord's gracious return. sons were now about to set out to an academy in West- Excluded once more from publicly declaring the moreland, with the view of prosecuting their studies Lord's Word in his sanctuary, Mr Heywood embraced for the sacred ministry. The solemn scene of parting every opportunity of preaching in private. About this from their father's house is thus pathetically described : time his amiable and sensitive mind was deeply affected
“My sons being to go abroad for learning next week, by the death of several relatives in rapid succession. I took them with me,” he says, “ to three private fasts He felt these to be loud warnings to repentance for past this week; and Thursday, May 15th, 1673, was such a transgressions, and increased exertions in his Master's day as we have seldom had. I purposely appointed to
work. Though still abundant, however, in ministerial seek God this day on their behalf, and he wonderfully helped all his servants to plead for them. About the labours, he was closely pursued by his relentless enemiddle of the day I called them both forth, before the mies, who eagerly took advantage of every excuse for company, and asked them several questions, as to what harassing and annoying him. For some time before the calling they chose ? With tears they both answered, recalling of his license, he was not exposed to the inthe ministry. I asked them, for what end? and told conveniences which some of his brethren experienced: them they might suffer persecution, and must not dream but at length, on the 15th August 1680, he was sumof honour therein, or of living like gentlemen. They moned before the consistory court at York, with his replied, their only end was to glorify God and win
wife and several of his friends, for not receiving the souls. I marked John's words; he said, he desired to do God more service than any of his ancestors. I ask- sacrament at his parish church ; and failing to appear, ed them, what they desired Vir Dawson and the rest of they were excommunicated. This treatment did not God's servants should pray for, on their behalf? Elie- prevent Mr Heywood from boldly preaching the Gospel zer spoke first, and said, 'that God would give them wherever he had the slightest prospect of doing good to grace and gifts, forgive their sins of childhood, and loss the souls of men. of time, make them studious, and keep them from temptation and sinful company. John's answer was
In 1684, the persecution against the nonconformists much of the same nature. They both wept exceeding raged more keenly than ever. Many of them were ly, and so did the whole company,
Then I solemnly thrown into prison, and the utmost severity was exci: gave them up to God in his work. Those that went cised towards them. It could not be expected tha: W: to prayer read also a portion of Scripture. W. B. read | Heywood should escape in such a season.
He was ap 1 Sam. i. on dedicating Samuel to God. Mr Dawson prehended, and, without much show of reason, thrown read Gen. xxviii, respecting Isaac sending away his son Jacob. R. R. read Prov. iii. on getting and prizing
into York Castle, where he was detained for twelve
months. wisdom. Mr Hodgson Gen. xlviii. from Sth verse to
On his liberation, he felt himself in peculia: the end. When he came to those words, • The angel difficulties, from the engagement under which he had which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads,'the been brought to keep the peace, by which was mean?, tears stopped him and he made a solemn pause; and that he should not preach. The state of his mind upwe all wept. I read and briefly expounded 1 Chron. der these painful circumstances, he thus describes :xxviii. containing David's charge to Solomon about building the temple. God helped us all in prayer.
“ I am in the heaviest condition as to my liberty or
O what a flood of tears ! What pleadings with God! I doing God service and good to souls, that ever I was e can scarcely remember the like. Blessed be God; it all my life. Men have broken in upon us, scatteren is a token for good. I wait to hear what God will
our meeting, and indicted me for a riot.
I am bourd: speak to all these things ; surely he will speak peace.
£ 100 traverse, and to be of good behaviour. Vi O that I and mine may not return to folly. Ebenezer !”
versaries are watching me narrowly to find me forteil
my bond. Providence seems to make against me, abu The labours of Mr Heywood were not confined to
that which is the heaviest burden of all is, it is the to: his own limited congregation, but for twenty miles casion of some difference between my wife and myseil round he was accustomed to itinerate, preaching with for she being naturally timorous, when we are acon? all boldness that word which is alone able to make the number of four she is perplexed exceedingly, thomas wise unto salvation. The liberty, however, which he it be not purposely but providentially. Truly by som and the other nonconformist brethren thus enjoyed was
for God's glory and love to souls, on the one side -3*4 but of short duration. By the advice of his ministers, rashness and indiscretion by prudent persons, and me
endeared love to my wife, fears of being censured ti the king recalled the licenses which he had granted, ing myself a prey to knaves, on the other side-dos and put the former laws against nonconformity in ope- rack and torture my spirit, that it almost makes ration. In obedience to these laws, Mr Heywood took weary of my life. I know not what to do, and an ope? leave of his attached people, not knowing that they forced to go contrary to my wife's mind. Sometica should ever again enjoy the opportunity of assembling God helps me in prayer to roll myself on him, and to publicly for religious worship.
I am easy; but, 0! how often I am at a loss! 0:" “ The most heart-melting day and exercise,” he soul, this is a very great strait that Providence is ays, “ that ever I remembered was Lord's day, Feb.
brought thee into! 14th. The week before we received the king's order
In the commencement of the following year, Mr Hifor calling in licenses, and it was judged fit we should wood was again indicted for having a riotous assent cease preaching publicly. I therefore took my solemn in his house, because he preached the Gospel of pea.