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of mere worldly virtue, they will be made to feel away salutary thoughts in your memories, and that it exhibits a faithful image of their moral serious impressions in your hearts. You must, at condition, detects the lurking hypocrisy of their least, have seen your guilty and polluted condition hearts, and holds them up to their own contem- set before you in all the reality of truth; and plation, under the ignominious aspect of worth having seen it, is it possible that you can have less pretenders and pultry formalists. When they remained satisfied with that condition, or that you hear its reiterated references to those who deal have left at the doors of the sanctuary all thought “guilefully;" who offer God the service of the and concern about it? Is it possible that you body while “ their hearts are far from him ;" who can have allowed those truths which are fraught present
“ vain oblations, but delight not in obey- with the interests of eternity, to be overshadowed ing the voice of the Lord ;” who have a “ form or banished by the vanities of earth ? And can of godliness, but deny the power thereof;" who you, whether you may have been the slaves of are, to all human appearance, “ fair and honest," vice, the advocates of a self-righteous dependence, while their inward man is defiled with wickedness, or dealers in hollow formality, can you, after seeand inhabited by “ vain thoughts;” when, I say, ing the deformity of such characters in the mirror they hear the frequent references of the “ Word of of the Gospel, still contentedly consent to be of ruth” to such persons, and have brought before their number? Alas! it may be so—the Word them the many illustrations of their bollow and of truth declares it,—for a man may be a “hearer deceitful character which it furnishes, can they and not a doer of the Word,” because he forgets fail to see that it truly represents their own like it. And it concerns you far above all earthly inness, and displays before their mind's eye, in vivid terests to take heed unto your way according to but faithful delineation, those secret imaginations God's Word. If
wish to be freed and hidden artifices, which they thought were con
from those defects which you may see in your fined to their own knowledge ? When they are character; if you have any wish to be prepared directed in their thoughts to our Lord's descrip- for appearing in the presence of unspotted holition of the Pharisees, who " for a pretence made ness, without those stains which must render you long prayers, and paid tithe of mint, anise, and subject to its consuming indignation, it behoves cummin, while they omitted the weightier matters you to take a steady and impartial view of yourof the law, judgment, mercy, and faith;” who selves in the mirror of the Gospel, and to resolve, “ made clean the outside of the cup and of the in the faithful application of the means which are platter, but were within full of extortion and ex- therein prescribed, that you may be thoroughly cess ;” and who, while “ they appeared outwardly purified, and furnished with every ornament of the righteous unto men, were within full of iniquity Christian character. To continue to forget the and hypocrisy,” is it possible for them to escape condition in which the “ Word of truth” exhibits from the impression that they are themselves vir- you, is just the way to ensure your fixture in that tually described ? No; their similitude is set be- condition ; and though you may be blind to the fore them true to the life; and however fain they fact, it is not the less true, that every time you may be to avert their inward sight from its bloat- turn away from the representations of the Gosed aspect, they are compelled to acknowledge its pel, you are increasing the danger of being left to correctness, and thus to testify the detecting power that state of judicial infatuation, which is realised of the Gospel.
by those to whoin the Gospel is said to prove the I might adduce other and not less striking il- 66 savour of death unto death." lustrations of the description which, in our text, is figuratively afforded of the “ Word of truth.” THE EARLY PROTESTANT CHURCH OF It would be no difficult matter, indeed, to shew
FRANCE. that it is a mirror in which every variety and
No. II. class of character are exhibited in their inoral
BY THE REV. John G. LORIMER, features ; or, in a word, that no man can atten
Minister of St. David's Church, Glasgow. tively look into it without feeling that its reflec
In a former paper, I gave a shit account of the Protive power is such, as to present him to himself,
testant Church of France, from its origin to its greatest in the actual reality of his spiritual condition, glory in 1571, when it could count above 2000 congrewithout the least exaggeration in the blemishes gations, many of them very numerous. or in the virtues that may attach to him. was exceedingly rapid, and indicated the outpouring
But In conclusion, my brethren, I would put the of the Spirit of God in a remarkable manner. question to each of you,—To what purpose have matters were not long permitted to remain in this pros
perous condition. Provoked, it would seem, by the you
heard the Gospel? Some of you have sat anazing growth of the cause of God, the great adverfor a shorter, and others for a longer period under sary of the Church stirred up the most violent opposiits preaching. I dwell not upon that ; but having tion against her members, and, doubtless, their own listened to its revelations, having enjoyed the pri- shortcomings also lent an important influence in bringvilege of its instructions, having stood, as it were, ing down upon them the heavy chastisement under before its glass, what, I ask of every one of you, had the Church of France become eminent for charac
which they were now destined to groan. No sooner has been the result? It surely cannot be that
ter and numbers, than she becaine eminent for her sulleryou have come Sabbath after Sabbath to the house ings. The day of affliction often follows quickly upon of God, and retired as often without carrying the day of prosperity.
The progress Various are the forms of persecution which the Church though their spirit may have declined. By a singular of Rome has employed, but the present was, perhaps, providence of God, the ministers were spared from the one of the most savage and cowardly of the whole. A destruction of the persecution, as if reserved for another scheme was devised for treacherously cutting off the harvest, and this tended to keep the people togetber. whole Protestant population—at least the influential | A new and greatly improved edition of the Protestant portion--at a blow; and to a considerable extent the version of the Scriptures, revised by the Colleze of scheme was successful. I allude to the massacre of St. Pastors and Professors of the Reformed Church at Ge. Bartholemew's day, in 1572,- ,-a massacre which was neva, of whom Beza was one, was published at this begun at Paris, at midnight, upon unoffending Protes- time, and, under the divine blessing, exerted a favourtants collected into the capital on false pretences, and able influence in maintaining and diffusing a knowledge which was afterwards extended to the country, lasting of the truth. But other influences were in operation, for days and months, and destroying not less than sixty which were destined to affect the Protestant Courch or seventy thousand persons. The first who fell was most perniciously. Before considering these, we sha. Admiral Coligny, eminent at once for his rank and his quote a few facts and circunstances from the proceel piety. Many Christian men imagine, that persecutionings of the National Synods, or General Assemblies of must always render good service to the Church of the Church, which were held from the period of the Christ, that the blood of the martyrs must always prove massacre, in 1572, till the year 1598. These assemblies the seed of the Church. But various sad cases, and were only six in number in a course of twenty-six years; this among others, shew that the experience is not uni- but they serve to illustrate the character of the Church, versal. The Protestantism of France was deeply and and frequently present her in an interesting light. permanently injured by the exterminating persecution Well aware that, under God, a chief share of the to which it was subjected, and so did it fare with the prosperity of the Church is ever dependent upon the carly Protestantism of Italy and of Spain. “Multi-character of her ministers, the Protestants of France, tudes,” says Quick, were frighted out of their native with great wisdom, continued to devote much of the land, and others were frighted out of their religion. In attention to the qualifications and faithfulness of their such a dreadful hurricane as that was, no wonder if religious teachers. There is no subject which is more some leaves, unripe fruit, and rotten withered branches, frequently, or earnestly, pressed upon individuals and fell to the carth and were lost irrevocably.” The lead. Churches, than the necessity of educating young mer ing Protestants, in point of rank and political influence, for the ministry,—the poverty and danger which were were destroyed, and so the body of the people were associated with the profession, the decline of the Church, left the more exposed to the violence of their enemies. and the temptation of other pursuits, seem to have reiUnlike the Protestants of Scotland, those of France dered such calls peculiarly urgent. never, even in their greatest strength, rose to such “ Whereas divers persons do solicit this National numbers as to divide the population of the country into Synod to supply the congregations, who have sent there any thing like equal parts, nor to acquire such power hither, with pastors, they are all answered, that at preas seriously to affect the movements of the ruling party. sent we are utterly unable to gratify them, and this Government was always in the hands of Popery, and therefore, they be advised to set up propositions of the almost always liostile, and so the sufsering was great, and Word of God, (i. e. religious services,) and to take apparently without end. For six years after the mas- special care of educating hopeful young men in leadsacre, the annual meeting of the General Assembly of ing, in the arts, languages, and divinity, who may here. the Protestant Church was discontinued. It was not after be employed in the sacred ministry; and they are safe to meet; and when, in 1578, the Synod did assem- most humbly to petition the Lord of the harvest to ble at St. Foy, no special notice was taken of the re- send labourers who may get it in." cent persecution. The only allusion is to be found in “ Because there is every where a visible decay, and the appointment of a general fast, in the course of which a great want of ministers, and that some provision tray it is said, “ For as much as the times are very calami, be made for a succession, the Churches shall be ader tous, and that our poor churches are daily menaced with nished by our brethren, the provincial deputies, to many and sore tribulations, and that sins and vices are such as are rich, would maintain some hopeful scholars rising up and growing in upon us in a most fearful man- at the Universities, who being educated in the libere ner, a general day of prayer and fasting shall be pub- arts and sciences, and other good learning, may be fit:ed lished, that our people may bumble themselves before for, and employed in, the sacred ministry." the Lord.” While the brave and heroic manner in “ The deputies of every province are charged to add which the Protestant Church stood out the savage per- vise and press their respective provinces, to look cairsecution to which we have referred, proves how en- fully to the education of their youth, and to see to it, lightened and sincere was the profession of faith which that schools of learning be erected, and scholastic exerher members generally maintained, the fearful increase cises, as propositions and declamations, be perform of wickedness, of which the fast appointment speaks, that so their youth may be trained up and prepared in was doubtless the frux of the persecution. When the the service of God and of his Church in the holy izProtestants were reduced in number and discouraged nistry. in spirit,---when apostasy deteriorated the character of “ The colloquies shall be exceedingly careful, th: many of their friends, and enemies were emboldened to that article of our discipline, concerning the mainteact as they pleased, and to triumph in cruelty, it is not ance of poor scholars designed for the ministry, be wonderful that crime broke out in fresh virulence, and gently observed, and that they make report of it r: that the country was marked with the presence of an their Provincial Synods, and the Provincial Synode angry God. Nothing very remarkable occurred in the give account thereof unto the National, that so it be history of the Protestant Church till 1598, or twenty- | be manifested how they have performed their dutri six years after the fearful massacre of St. Bartholomew. this particular. But forasmuch as the expedients (16During all that protracted period, the Protestants might tained in that article are not sufficient for this €. . be said to be an oppressed people, -any liberties which and the Church's stock is very mean and low, the they enjoyed were by mere sufferance, and were ever ther consideration hereof is referred unto the Gerar liable to be, nay, were, frequently invaded. The most ar- Assembly at St. Foy." bitrary and unreasonable restrictions were imposed upon Indeed, so zealous was the Church in this main their ineetings for divine worship,still they maintained that she resolved to apply to the King of Navarre a. their ground. For several years after the massacre, the Prince of Conde, and otber lords protessing i. the diminution of their numbers was not very serious, Reformed Religion, and to beseech them to contribu.
liberally " towards the maintenance of poor scholars of a Popish country, where the Sabbath is uniformly and candidates for the ministry ; -“ and all churches desecrated, the Protestants of France may not have eriare exhorted to press this duty vigorously upon their tertained such just and scriptural views of the sanctity richer and more substantial members.” Nay, to such of that day as other Protestants who are placed in more an extent did the zeal of the Church reach, that where | favourable circumstances; but the following delivera Protestant had acquired a right to tithes, he was en- ance indicates serious concern for the honour of the treated to consecrate them, not to private profit, but to Lord's day. pious uses, such as the “ education of scholars who be “Whereas public notaries in divers Churches, keep the seminary of the Church ;” and he was censured if open doors on the Lord's day, and pass all manner of he refused. And when a suitably qualified minister contracts and transactions, whereby very many souls was found, he was not allowed to secularize himself, are taken off together with themselves from the religipoor as his outward provision inight be. It was ex- ous sanctification of the Lord's holy Sabbath, it is pressly decreed, that a minister should be permitted decreed by this Synod, that for time to come the said neither to exercise the office of a judge nor to practise notaries shall pass no manner of contracts on the Lord's medicine. And as soon as any minister departed from day, unless it be contracts of marriage, last wills and the faith, or refused to submit to the discipline of the testainents, articles of agreement between dissenting Church, he was set aside. At one Synod, we read parties, and the amicable terminating of vexatious lavof seven ministers being deposed, and at another of suits, and such other business as cannot possibly be detwenty-four ; the latter number included “ vagrants.” layed; under which head fall in matters of necessity In some cases there may have been harshness, but the and mercy, and such contracts may be dispatched on the circumstances of the times required zeal and determina- most holy days, provided always that such writings be tion, and it is not easy always to separate these from not drawn up, nor executed, during the time of divine severity. The directions addressed to ministers, as to service, and of the public worship of God; and their the manner in which they should preach and catechise, offices shall be shut, if possible, whilst they be thus emare good.
ployed. “ Churches shall be adınonished more frequently to Nor was the concern less for the honour of God's practise catechisings; and ministers shall catechise by short, plain, and familiar questions and answers, accom- “All swearers, who, in passion or hastiness, do take modating themselves to the weakness and capacity of the name of God in vain, and others who affront the their people, without enlargements, or handling of com- divine Majesty, shall be most sharply reproved ; and if, mon places. And such Churches as have not used this after one or two admonitions, they do not refrain, they ordinance of catechising, are hereby exhorted to take it shall be suspended the Lord's Table. And all outrageup. Yea, and all ministers shall be obliged to catechise ous blasphemers, forswearers, and such like persons, their several flocks at least once or twice a-year, and shall in no wise be tolerated in the Church, but upon shall exhort their youth to submit themselves unto it the first offence shall be punished with suspension from conscientiously. And as for their method in preaching the Lord's Supper, and if they continue in their unand handling :he Scriptures, the said ministers shall be godliness, they shall be publicly excommunicated. And exhorted not to dwell long upon a text, but to expound this assembly voted unanimously, that when the depuand treat of as many in their ininistry as they can, tiee-ties of thie provinces shall be returned to their several ing all ostentation and long digressions, and leaping up respective homes, they shall cause this article to be of parallel places and quotations; nor ought they to read in all the Churches, in the audience of all the propound divers senses and expositions, nor to allege, people.” unless very rarely and prudently, any passage of the Fathers; nor shall they cite profane authors and stories,
ALL CHRISTIANS ARE NOT ALIKE. that so the Scriptures may be left in their full and sovereign authority.”
By The Rev. Duncan MACFARLAN, While thus in earnest to render the labours of the
Minister of Renfrew. ministry as effective and intereating as possible, the Church of France did not under value the Word of God. The extraordinary diversity of character observable She hailed the new translation of the Scriptures, and among true Christians, has often led to misapprehension, encouraged the brethren of Geneva to continue their and we fear, on some occasions, to misrepresentation. explanatory observations; and when the copies became Religion itself is the same in every case, but its effects rare and expensive, she rejoiced in an edition being are almost recessarily different. Speaking of religion brought out at Rochelle, and entreated the printer that in the abstract, it is pure and unmixed, but the very he have “a singular care that it be done most accurate- moment that it becomes the property of man, it appears ly and correctly."
under all the peculiarities of individual character and Reserving liberty unto the Church for a more ex- special circumstances. Men of different constitutional act translation of the Holy Bible, our Churches, imitat. tendencies will, under the same teaching, both feel and ing the primitive Church, are exhorted to receive and act differently. Two men laid on sick-beds and suffering use, in their public assemblies, the last translation, re- from different complaints, may, with great similarity of vised by the pastors and professors of the Church of Christian attainment, be the one cheerful and the other Geneva. And thanks shall be presently given unto depressed. Those who, like Timothy, have known the Monsieur Rotan, and by letters unto our bretliren of Scriptures from their childhood, and those who, like ApolGeneva, who have, at the desire of our Churches, so los, have been taught in advanced life, are not likely to happily undertook and accomplished this great and good speak, or even to act in all respects alike. Then, there are worki and they be further entreated to amplify their differences arising from the peculiarities of the teacher notes, for the clearer and better understanding of the or class of teachers, under whose ministry different inremaining dark places in the sacred text: and ministers dividuals have been instructed; and this will be the in the respective provinces are ordered to collect those case, even when these belong to the same Church, and dificult passages, and to make report of them unto the teach substantially the same doctrines. But beyond next National Synod, who shall consider which most these, there are different churches or denominations ; needs explication.
and even such of them as may be accounted orthodox, With regard, again, to the sanctification of the Sab- will nevertheless differ materially in the particular cast bath, another of the great means of spiritual good, we of Christian character given to their members. The find that she was voť insensible. Living in the leart expressions “I ain of Paul, and I of Apollos, and I of
Cephas, and I of Christ,” must be founded on certain the seed of the word, and that seed begetteth a cominon alleged differences; and these, whether real or imaginary, likeness, and that likeness becomes more and more pero will give a special cast to the religious character of in- fect, with the progressive conformity of each individual, dividuals. And then there is beyond all of these mani- to the image of their common head. But till this be fold diversities of character, growing out of different perfected,—“till we all come in the unity of the faith, states of society; as among persons of different ranks, and of the knowledge of the Son God, unto a perfect different countries, and different ages. The absolute man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of neglect of differences so great and diversified, would Christ,” there will be a difference even in religious obviously lead to very erroneous impressions; and where character. And as this process of perfecting will me they are but little attended to, the effect must be pro- be completed till death, so neither will this assimilatina portionally the same. However, we have sometimes of Christian character. The wood, and the bay, and the observed what we were disposed to account misappre- stubble, must first be burned up, and the gold and silver hensions of religious character; and even misrepresen- must be purified from their dross. They must be sa tations founded upon these ; and all of them springing purified, as that the image of Christ will be fully remainly from this source. We have heard truly Chris-flected in them. But even then, all difference will po tian men desiderate in others, what was little else than be obliterated. Abraham is still Abrabam, though he a portion of their own peculiarities, and condemn in has now received the promise ; Lazarus is still Lazarus, others, things not more special than those which they though resting in Abraham's bosom. And they, whe would have them to possess. We have thus been some- come from the east and from the west, from the north times reminded of the feelings of men but little ac- and from the south, have each their special hyma of quainted with the natural history of their own race; praise. However, one of the very marks, which God of the negro looking upon the European as less perfect bas impressed on all his works, is that of endless and than himself, because different in colour and features; , yet graduated variety. The heavens would declare lexi and of some of the wise Europeans, doubting whether a brightly the divine glory, if they did not exhibit : poor Bushman be in reality of the same race with them- variety of starry lights and an assemblage of systert: selves. It is not abstract reasoning, but an abundant which the wisdom of man shall never fully grasp. Ani detail of the natural history of man, which will dispel one of the main evidences of a divine cause, in the subsuch illusions respecting his outward appearance; and jects of natural history, is just their endless variety, as little do we expect, that mere doctrinal and contro- combined as this is with order and consistency, renderversial discussions will lead to a similar result respecting the whole harmonious. And so doubtless will it ing the moral and religious character of men. Instead also be in the new creation. of these, therefore, it is our wish merely to detail a few The difference thus noticed, between the abstract of the varieties in question ; and in doing so, to draw statements of the Word, and the concrete forms of the our illustrations mainly from Scripture example or from human heart, may be abundantly illustrated from the what we may have personally observed or read in works of Scriptures themselves. Divine wisdom has so arranged, authority, and which may be verified by all to whom that we have in the same revelation, statements of God the subject is a matter of interest.
will, and descriptions of the operations of that will ta SECTION 1.
the beart. These statements are to be found througiout the Scriptures, and so are the examples; thus eabling us to compare them together. We have, for
example, the revelations communicated to the patriarcha All are to a greater or less extent familiar with the and with these, we have the character of an Eme) difference which exists between Christianity as a sys- and a Noah, an Abraham and a Lot, an Isaac and a tem, and the Christianity of the heart. When we speak Jacob, a Job and his friends. Then we have the Most of the former, we mean the doctrines and duties of dispensation, with its more abundant revelations and its revelation, forming together one general system. When corresponding examples; its Moses and Aaron ; it we speak of the latter, we mean the moral furniture of Joshua and Samuel ; its David and Josiah ; its Ehjat a renewed heart. This last indeed cannot be properly and Elisha ; its Daniel and Nehemiah, and its Simece spoken of, in the abstract. The Christianity of the and Anna. And then we have the revelations of the heart, though an expression, has properly no separate New Testament, and under their teaching, we bare tie existence. It is intended merely to express the condi- apostles of our Lord ; Paul and his companions, such as tion of the heart, under the intluence of religion, The Barnabas and Timothy; and with these many in privaa one, therefore, is the revelation of God's will in the life, such as the Roman Centurion; the Philippian Jaila; word, and the other the operation of that will in the Lydia the seller of purple, and those particularly teeheart. Both of them are dependent on the Spirit of tioned in the different epistles. Now let any one rea! God. He speaks in the word, and speaking effectually first the revelations communicated to the patriarcis, e. through the word, he operates upon the heart. But then the history of some of the most noted under tast these very facts lead to a difference. He speaks singly dispensation, and he will not fail to rise with very s through the word; the will of the inspired writer not ferent impressions. And let him do the same, rentbeing allowed to mingle with the will of God. But he ing what occurs under the Mosaic economy, and the speaks not through the heart. He operates upon the heart. if we mistake not, the difference will be greate: Like the clouds of heaven bearing froin place to place But if from these he proceed to the Christian, it ** their watery treasures, were those originally intrusted be greater still. Read, for example, our Lurd's & with divine communications, They merely received courses, and then examine the sentiments and feelingsi: and transmitted them to others. The things revealed his disciples, who constantly waited on his minus are still carried froin place to place, and by the blessing and see how different they are! Or take again the dof God, they descend on many a heart, with generating courses and epistles addressed to the apostolical Churches and fructifying power. But as the natural rain, which and then read the account given of these in such episte watereth alike the mountain and the valley, the corn as those addressed to the Corinthians and Galatians, field and the comparatively barren heath, giveth not to and you will not fail to observe differences suficien the plants of each their particular form and character, but stumbling. One cause is, that while the abstract stems these remain dependent on soil and other special circum- ments of the Word are altogether perfect, the subject stances; so the same Gospel truth produceth in different of their teaching, even when divinely intluenced, are clo inen and classes of men effects apparently different, that ceedingly imperfect. “ Noah was a just man and De is, different in form and special character. In all, there is fect,” when compared with "his” own " generation,
THE RELIGION OF ABSTRACT STATEMENTS NOT THE
RELIGION OF THE HEART.
and yet he has left behind him a blot of character, asso- out of the ground, and even with the body, it is not to ciating his name with a vice chietly prevalent among the be wondered at, that it should be so with the soul. godless and profane. “Lot" is described as “just," Another prevailing error, which ought to be corrected and as being “ vexed with the filthy conversation of by a knowledge of these facts, is the persuasion, that the wicked” in Sodom, and yet he fell into transgres- because no believer does in all points come up to the sions foul and unseemly, even in the estimate of the description of the Word, and because some do greatly world. Jacob wrestled with God and prevailed, and deviate from it, we are to regard the whole as a matter had besides many precious seasons of communion with of contemplation, rather than realization. We fear that the Highest, and yet was he, in some respects, rightly there are many who regard declarations of the Word, called a “supplanter,” for he discovered, on various oc- respecting the inhabitation of the Spirit, the union of casions, more of the feelings and policy of this world, the soul with Christ, and intimate communion with God, than of one who felt himself to be altogether as a stran- as either figurative language designed to mean much less, ger and pilgriin. Job was declared by Jehovah himself or as intended to be to us a matter of contemplation to be “perfect and upright,” beyond any then living, merely, and not to describe any thing which is the comand yet, when sorely tried, even his religious feelings mon property of every believer. And we have somewere deeply tinged with the characteristics of fallen times observed, that when the actual experience of Bible humanity. Moses also was meek above all men, and Christians was referred to, they put it off by alleging yet he sinned at Meribah, and left his bones, with those that they lived during an age of miracles, and that such of other transgressors, in the wilderness. Samuel was things are not now to be expected. Now with regard from his birth dedicated to the service of God, and his to this allegation, the best answer is, that the same life, so far as it is recorded, is almost spotless, yet in Word which records those examples, expressly declares his old age, he committed the government to his sons, that the experience in question was to belong to every and they proved unfaithful, and this led to one of Israel's true believer, and that if any man has not the Spirit of greatest sing their seeking a king to the rejection of Christ, that man is none of his. And then the differAlmighty God. David also was anointed with holy ence observed between the abstract statements of the oil when but a youth, and, in some respects he proved Word, and the actual experience of individuals, is re
* after God's own heart;" yet, as a man, he fell solved into the matters explained in this section. There into very heinous and scandalous offences.
But it were must be a difference between religion as spoken by God tedious, and perhaps unprofitable, to recount the special and felt by man, a difference not essential but in form, blemishes of all the characters adduced.
“ Elias was a
and strongly apparent. And there will a difference man subject to like passions as we are,” and arnong the between different individuals, though of the same like disciples even of our Lord, there were, besides the trai- precious faith. And therefore we infer, that such as tor, a doubting Thomas, an ambitious James and John, are thus prejudiced against what may, for distinction's and a Peter who denied his master. And if such were sake, be called heart religion, do fearfully deceive themthe faults and blemishes, even of the most perfect, how selves. Suppose the mathematician, accustomed only much more of such as were comparatively laden with to his diagrams and abstract speculations, to be let iniquity! The eye of Jehovah seeth the precious seed, forth, for the first time, on a voyage of discovery; and though small and buried in the earthliness of our nature ; suppose him to judge of every thing he saw, simply but in the eye of man, many doubtless would be cast- from his generalized notions of what every thing ought aways, who are truly the Lord's servants.
to be, how very inapt, though substantially correct, There is another view of such examples as these would all his opinions prove themselves to be. And which ought not to be overlooked. They are all dif- just so is it with the merely speculative professor. He ferent from the Word in its pure and abstract character, has only principles in the system of his beliet. But to but they also differ one from another. Compare the understand these, he must see them in operation. He religious character of Peter with that of John, or
must experience their power on his own heart, and he Thomas with that of Paul, and how marked the differ- must observe it among others. ence! And thus it would also prove, were we to examine all the other examples referred to. They would be all found to agree in the substantials of religion, and
CHRISTIAN TREASURY. all to disagree in constitutional character and circum
A Summary, in review, of the First Chapter. of Now this ought, in the first place, to silence the
Peter's Second Epistle.- The whole of the chapter hath been a sweet garden of grace and mercy,
The sceptical objection, that there is no truth in religion, because the lives of men do not strictly agree with the
first flower was a salutation, and that is a wish of mercy. regulations of the Word.
The second, a promise, and that is a word of mercy. The objection itself proves a very important doctrine of the Bible, namely, that of The third, a consolation, and that is a work of mercy. our fallen condition. If the intluences of religion re
The fourth, an exhortation, and that is the way to mercy.
The fifth, a witness of our election, and that is an asceived no moral tinge from the impurities of the heart,
surance of mercy. The sixth, an induction to heaven this would doubtless be held to disprove the alleged
The corruptions of our fallen nature. But seeing that, be upon earth, and that is a high degree of mercy. the truth ever so pure, and the natural character of'the seventh, a testimony from heaven, and that was the individual ever so amiable, the effect is imperfect and voice of mercy. The eighth, a word of performed pro
The bears upon it marks of moral impurity, we ought not to phecy, and that was an argument of mercy. reason otherwise than that the heart is itself impure. ninth, an illumination of the Gospel, and that is a light And apart from this reasoning, it ought to be evident, of mercy. The last is the glory of heaven, and that is even to such as deny all such doctrines, that the cha
the full day and perfection of mercy. Through these racter of a simple principle is one thing, and the effects blessed degrees, my discourse bath brought you ; first, of that principle, modified and determined by other
we began with peace, then dwelt bong with grace, and principles, is something wholly different. Seed pre- lastly, are come to glory. This peace possess your cisely the same, if sown upon different soils, and culti-consciences, this grace beautify your hearts, and this vated according to special methods, will yield, not dif- glory crown all your souls.-ADAMS. ferent crops, but crops differing greatly one from another. The Source of Dependence in Prayer. When you And the same medicine administered to patients, ditfer- send your prayers, be sure to direct tbem to the care of ing in constitution and circumstances, will operate very the Redeemer, and then they will never miscarry.-differently. And if it be tius with the things that grow | Matt. HENRY.