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It is to court the shades of night; it is to invite | interview with his mother. The pillar to which he was the horrors of darkness; and it is to walk con- bound, when undergoing the punishment of being tentedly down the abyss of folly. It is to plant scourged, has been taken from the court near the Hall a dagger in our breast, and voluntarily consign in a chapel at the extremity of the aisle ; this chapel, ourselves to everlasting perdition. It is to plunge and the altar within the sepulchre, are consecrated to into a sea of sorrows, using the only means, by the worship of the Catholics. The place where he was which we can escape from the dangers to which tortured by the crown of thorns, that of the agony, of we are exposed, as an instrument more effectually his being affixed to the cross, and the partition of his to secure our destruction.
vesture by lot, are all severally comprised within the Instead, then, of opposing, let us yield to the limits of the Church, which is thus made to include a
considerable portion of mount Calvary. Tradition has mild influences of the Spirit. It is one of the
even attempted to designate the spot where the mother first principles in conveying instruction to the of the Messiah stood, a weeping spectatress of the cruel. young, to keep their minds open to good impres- ties and ignominy to which he was exposed. sions. These become the seeds of virtues and The irregularity of the surface on which the temple graces to appear in after life. We are all, how- is erected, has been made subservient to the preserva. ever, as children under the training of the Divine tion of that particular part of the mount, where the
sacrifice of our Saviour was accomplished. The place Spirit ; and it is our part to preserve a kindly where the cross was planted retains its original elevafeeling, a heart free and open to his entrance and tion, the adjacent ground being merely flattened sufiinfiuence, to receive his counsels with the meek- ciently to receive a marble pavement. It is seventeen ness of wisdom, to tremble at his representations or eighteen feet above the common floor, and is apof the offensiveness of sin, and, instead of com
proached by one and twenty steps. The aperture in mitting sin, willingly and knowingly, to shudder which the cross was fixed is below the centre of a
Greek altar : it appears to have been perforated in the at the thought of committing it at all. Opening, rock, and is encircled by a large plate of silver, inseribed then, our minds in this manner, listening to his with bas-relief figures, representative of the Passion voice as addressed to us in the Word of God, in and other scriptural subjects: thirteen lamps are conthe warnings of conscience, in the admonitions of stantly burning over the altar. friends, in the lessons taught by the vicissitudes
Not far from this part of the Church, but several feet of life, may we, my friends, all be led by him, and below the level of the floor, is the descent to the irell.
where discovery was made of the cross and crown of may his impressions now be the seeds of heaven
thorns, and the spear with which one of the soldiers ly graces; and, being the evidences of our interest pierced our Saviour's side. in Christ, in a land of change and sorrow, may An inscription to the memory of Godfroy and his they prove the foretastes and forerunners of peace brother is aflixed to the wall, near the steps; but and salvation in the mansions of eternal rest! in repairing the injury which the Church suffered from
fire about eight or ten years since, the Greek Cathe.
lics, who are proprietors of this part of the building, A DESCRIPTION OF THE HOLY either from neglect or caprice, allowed the tablet to be SEPULCHRE.
During the whole of the time that we were From Jolliffe's Letters from Palestine. 2 Vols. 8vo. London 1822.
gaged in examining the objects of veneration, the nunThe tomb of our Saviour is enclosed in a Church to erous altars were thronged with votaries of the different which it has given name, and appears in the centre sects, exercising, in their respective rituals, the solem. of a rotunda, whose summit is crowned by a radiant nities of religion. cupola. Its external appearance is that of a superb On quitting the Church, we proceeded to the Mount mausoleum, having the surface covered with rich crim- of Olives : our road lay though the Via dolorosa, so son damask hangings, striped with gold.
The en- called from its having been the passage by which Christ trance looks towards the east ; but, immediately in was conducted from the place of his imprisonment to front, a small chapel has been erected to commemor- Mount Calvary. The outer walls of what was once ate the spot where the angel appeared to the two the residence of Pilate, are comprehended in this street ; Marys. Just beyond this is the vault in which the the original entrance to the palace is blocked up, and Redeemer submitted to a temporary interment; the the present access is at one of the angles of the court. door of admission is very low, probably to prevent its The portal was formerly in the centre, and approached being entered otherwise than in the attitude of adora- by a fight of steps, which were removed some tion. The figure of the cave is nearly square, extending turies ago to Rome, and are now in a small chapel near rather more than six feet lengthways, and being within the Church of San Giovanni di Laterano. Very lirele a few inches of the same width ; the height I should of this structure is still extant; but the Franciscan imagine to be about eight feet: the surface of the rock monks imagine they have accurately traced out the is lined with marble, and hung with silk of the colour dungeon in which our Saviour was incarcerated, as well of the firmament. At the north side, on a slab raised as the ball where Cæsar's officer presided to give judgabout two feet, the body of our Saviour was deposited; ment. The place where the Messiah was scourged is the stone, which had been much injured by the devo- now a ruined court, on the opposite side of the street; tional zeal of the different pilgrims, is now protected and not far from thence, but in a direction nearer to with a marble covering; it is strewed with flowers and Mount Calvary, is the arch which the Latin friars have bede wed with rose-water, and over it are suspended named “ Il arco d'Ecce homo” * from the expressions of four and forty lamps, which are ever burning. The Pilate, as recorded by St. John, (chap. xix. 5.) Upoe greater part of these are of silver, richly chased; a few an eminence between the pillars which support the are of gold, and were furnished by the different sects of curvature, the Roman governor exhibited their illus. Christianity, who divide the possession of the Church. trious victim to his deluded countrymen. Between this
In an aisle north of the sepulchre, is the spot where place and the scene of his crucifixion, Christ is said to Christ appeared to the Magdalen in the habit of a have fainted under the weight of the cross: tradition gardener ; and a few steps further is the scene of his
The Arch of "Behold the man,"
relates that he sunk beneath its pressure three times, | ing the valley watered by the Jordan, and the entrance and the different stages are supposed to have been ac- of that river into the Dead Sea, which appears like a curately noted: they are severally designated by two vast plateau of burnished silver. columns, and an indenture in the wall.
The place where our Saviour dictated the universal Towards the eastern extremity of the town, not far prayer to his disciples, is supposed to have been a garden from the gate of St. Stephen, is the “piscina d'Israel:" about one hundred yards to the north-west. In an opthis is the pool of Bethesda, which an angel was com- posite quarter, and farther removed from the apex of missioned periodically to trouble. It appears to have the bill, is the cave where the apostles assembled to been of considerable size, and finished with much care compose the creed which bears their name. It is a long and architectural skill; but I was unable to ascertain subterranean recess supported by twelve arches, but either the depth or dimensions ; for its contiguity to the no otherwise an object of curiosity, than as having been enclosure, which contains the mosque of Omar, made the retreat of those illustrious martyrs. it rather hazardous to approach even the outer borders ; and our dragoman entreated us to be satisfied with a cursory view. Near to this place is the Church of St.
CHRISTIAN TREASURY. Anna, so named from being erected on the ground where Health of the Soul. It is pitiable and melancholy to the house of the Virgin's mother formerly stood, and hear with what accuracy a sick man will describe all the where the Virgin herself was born. Between that marks and features of his disorder, how every passing structure and Pilate's palace is the Torre Antoniana, a ruined pile, which has a more striking air of antiquity tion of health and strength, is treasured up, and ampli.
pain, every change, every symptom, and every Auctuathan any other building in the city.
fied, and discussed. What a physician does the sick Just without the walls is the scene of St. Stephen's man become in his own case! Nay, with what seeming martyrdom: we passed over it in our descent to the pleasure does he dwell upon every circumstance! With brook Kedron, which flows through the valley of Jeho- | what fond and longing eloquence he can expatiate upon saphat, at the base of the mountain. At present the bis pangs and his sufferings, as if he loved them because channel is entirely dry, the breadth is little more than a
they are his own! But if you inquire into the health of yard, and the depth scarcely two feet. At a short dis- his eternal soul, its sicknesses, its symptoms, its peculiar tance to the left is a cavern, which has been consecrat
constitution, its signs of life and death; all dumb, all ed to the sepulchres of the Virgin, of Joseph, of St. languid, all flat and unprofitable! Before we go fartber, Anne, and St. Joachim. It is a very magnificent vault, is not this a sufficient proof that all is wrong,—that the spacious, and chastely ornamented, and preserved with spirit within him has been left to take care of itself, great care and neatness; the descent includes fifty steps.
while the heap of dust to which it is attached has exThe several tombs are distinguished by chapels and cited such an interest, that every grain of it seems to altars, with the usual accompaniments of lamps and have been weighed and counted! O that it would tapers, and embellished with decorations adapted to the force itself upon our senses, and burst itself upon our respective characters whose virtues they commemorate.
notice! O that this mysterious stranger within us could We had no means of ascertaining on what authority it
appear to us in some palpable shape, that we might in. is asserted that the mother of the Messiah expired at
spect, and handle, and examine it, - that we might be Jerusalem, or that her mortal remains were preserved in able to feel the beating of its pulse, and watch the such a receptacle. It is worse than useless to apply for changes of its complexion,—that we might know when information on points of this nature at the convent.
it looked pale, and sickly, and death-like, and when it Any attempt to investigate traditionary statements,
wore the fresh and rosy hue of health ! But it hides its seems to be regarded by our hosts as conveying an ob- self from my view,-it muffles itself from my observalique reflection on their own credulity. The date of tion; and though I can amuse myself with looking at the the sepulchre is entirely unknown. The Gospel repre- perishable body in which it is contained through a mi. sents the Virgin as being consigned, by the dying in- croscope, and studying its very infirmities with a fond junction of our Saviour, to his beloved disciple, and
and melancholy delight, I do not feel a sufficient interest soine authors have conjectured that she closed her in the immortal and unseen spirit within to follow it earthly existence at Ephesus ; yet, whatever was the into its hiding-places, and pursue it into its recesses.original destination of this vault, the cost and labour
Wolfe's Remains. which must have been expended in its construction, sufficiently entitle it to be classed amongst those objects law of God and the justice of God; should it not then
Satisfaction for Guilt.-Christ's blood satisfies the which claim an attentive examination.
After passing the bridge thrown over the bed of satisfy the sinner's guilty conscience ?~R. Hill. the rivulet, a few paces brought us to the garden of Virtue, its Nature and Attendants.–St. Augustine Gethsemane, where the Messiah prayed in agony, and defines virtue to be nothing else, than to love that is to the sweat fell from him as it were great drops of blood. be loved. Thus it has a sweet reference to all the Here too was the scene of Judas's treason. This spot, graces. To love this is knowledge; not to be seduced scarcely half an acre in extent, is partly enclosed by a from it by allurements, is temperance; not to be relow wall, and contains eight venerable olive trees, which moved from it by calamity, is patience; to do this for are said to have been growing at the time of Christ's God's cause is godliness; to communicate it to others entrance into the city. They have certainly the marks is brotherly kindness; to dilate it to all men is charity. of extreme age, but Josephus expressly states, that all Knowledge seeks virtue ; temperance finds it; patience the trees which were in the neighbourhood of Jerusalem, suffers for it; godliness possesses it; charity communiwere cut down by Titus, for the purpose of embank- cates it. These are so linked together by a golden ments. At the summit of the mountain is fixed the chain of harmony, like the tabernacle curtains of blue scene of our Saviour's last appearance on earth, and his silk, that, pull one, pull all. Hath any man virtue, he ascension into heaven. The impression said to have must have knowledge,—the ignorant are not capable of been inade by his foot, is engraved on the surface of the the babit of virtue. If there be knowledge, temperance rock, so as to preserve a record of the Messiah's attitude will follow, for folly is the mother of surfeit, but abwhen he bade adieu to this lower world. It appears stinence is the daughter of wisdom. If temperance, from thence, that Christ's left hand was towards Jeru- then surely there will be patience. Temperance doth salem, which lays west of the mountain, and that his no wrong, patience suffers it. He that abhors to hurt face was consequently directed to the north. The view others, will much less hurt himself. If patience, there from this elevation is grand and extensive, comprehend- must be piety, for the thankworthy patience is that
which, for conscience toward God, endureth wrongful grief. If we be content to suffer evil for God, surely we will do good for God. If godliness go before, paternal kindness will follow after, for no inan can love the invisible God and hate his visible brother. If kindness to our brother in Christ, then charity to all. A heathen will be kind to his friends. A Christian must be charitable to his enemies. This is a golden chain. The wieked have a chain, their pride compasseth them about as a chain, the cord or chain of their sins, one end whereof reaches to hell. But thy chain is tied to heaven by the one end thereof, fasten the other end to thy conscience, it shall draw thee up thither.---ADAMS.
The way to the kingdom prepared.—When God sends men to enter his kingdom, they cowardly excuse themselves, as Israel did. There be giants, the sons of Ának. There are principalities and powers to withstand us. Christ answers, I have slain them on my
There is a great red dragon, I have chained him sure enough. That blessed angel, who hath the key of the bottomless pit, and a great chain in his hand, hath bound the dragon, the old serpent, for ever.
But there is a fortification of the law against us. Saith Christ, I have scaled that fort, performed full obedience to the law, and given full satisfaction to justice for you. But there is a deep trench-a sea of glass before the throne--none shall be got over that to the kingdom. Be of good cheer, I have overcome the world. But there is a high wall and mighty gates, too high to climb over, and too thick to break through. You need not attempt such a course, for the gates are set open,--the gates of it shall no more be shut at all. But there wants room for so many as thou invitest to this kingdom. No, in my Father's house are many mansions, there is room enough for you all. Thus is this entrance ready for us. God grant we may be ready for this en. trance.- Old Puritan Writer.
(The bay whose bottoms lie all bright,
Peace to the shepherd-bard," they said, “ And grace from heaven upon bis head." “ Peace be to you,
came back the word, “And grace and favour from the Lord!"
They sat them down on Zophim's height, Beneath two planes whose arins unite, And intertwine their shoots on high Into a cool close canopy. Before them lay the land all wide, Spread glorious out from side to side, Fair vales, with corn and olives crowned, Fair hills, with vineyards clothed around, Fields intervein'd by winding streains, Whose wave, like molten silver, gleams; On whose rose-broider'd banks of green Wide-wandering herds and flocks are seen; And sheep-cotes with their fair watch-towers, And herdsmen's tents mid brooks and flowers; And happy hamlets many a one, That shine far gleaming in the sun; All the broad goodly land that lay Dispread before them green and gay, From Zophim to Gomorrah's bay.
“ Lock round," said Hillel, “ look abroad, Behold the beauty of our God! In Israel's fair and fertile land See, see the mighty Maker's hand !
“ And in yon sea," Hilkiah said,
They paus'd, and fed their museful mood
When thus the shepherd-youth begun, (Mebunnai's wisdon-loving son ;)
Hillell thy hymns to us are dear ;
about ten miles north-east of the Dead Sea.
The shepherd Hillel was awake,
Ere he had reached fair Zophim's height,
My father heard the hymn, what day
Thus he; nor did the elder bard
"O Sea! that show'st afar thy stream
“ Awake, my harp! my soul record
“ Awake, my harp! my soul record
“Awake, my harp! my soul record
“ Awake, my harp! my soul record
Earth, from her bowels, bursting fire,
Awake, my harp! my soul record
“ Awake, my harp! my soul record The dreadful doings of the Lord ! Then, Jordan's stream, that laved before The wilds of Zin, and hills of Hor, At once was, by th' Almighty's hand, Checked from his march through Edom's land, And all its flood (now stopt its course) Rebounded back, with wasteful force, And overspread the sinful vale, Froin Zoar's hill, to Achor's dale; Then water joined to fire its ill, They fought not---but agreed to kill; Towns, temples, towers, their tops did show Fired, whilst they flooded stood below.
“ Awake, my harp! my soul record
“ Thus did the Lord shower down a rain
He ceased—they heard the hymn with joy,
" That it was this which gave him spirit and vigour in MISCELLANEOUS.
the business of the day." This therefore he recom. The King of Sweden. Of all the singular virtues mended as the best rule he could give. “For nothing, which united in the character of Gustavus Adolphus of he said, could tend more to the health of the body Sweden, that which crowned the whole was his exem- than the tranquillity of the mind; and that he knew plary piety to God. The following is related of him nothing which could support himself or his felloswhen he was once in the camp before Werben. He creatures amidst the various distresses of life, but a had been alone in the cabinet of his pavilion some hours well-grounded confilence in the Supreme Being, upon together, and none of his attendants, at these seasons, the principles of Christianity.” durst interrupt him. At length, however, a favourite
God is Everywhere. During the ravages of the of his, having some important matter to tell him, came
great plague in London, Lord Craven, whose house softly to the door, and looking in, beheld the king very was situated where Craven Street now stands, alarmed devoutly on his knees at prayer. Fearing to molest
at the progress of the disease, determined to retire into him in that sacred exercise, he was about to withdraw the country. His carriage was at the door, and he was his head, when the king espied him, and bidding him passing through the hall to enter it, when he beard a come in, said, “ Thou wonderest to see me in this pos.
negro servant saying to another domestic, " I suppose, ture, since I have so many thousands of subjects to pray | by my Lord's quitting London to avoid the plague, that for me : but I tell thee, that no man has more need to
his God lives in the country, and not in town." The pray for himself, than he who being to render an ac- negro said this in the innocent simplicity of his heart, count of his actions to none but God, is for that reason
really believing in a plurality of gods. The speech, howmore closely assaulted by the devil than all other men
ever, struck Lord Craven most forcibly. “My God," beside.” When the town of Landshut, in Bavaria, thought he, "lives everywhere, and can preserve me in surrendered to him at discretion, the principal inhabi- town as well as in the country. I will even stay where tants of it fell down upon their knees before him, and I am. The ignorance of that negro has preached a usepresented him with the keys of their town. Rise, ful sermon to me. Lord pardon that unbelief, and that rise,” said he, “ it is your duty to fall upon your knees distrust of thy Providence, which made me think of to God, and not to so frail and feeble a mortal as I am.” running away from thy hand.” He countermanded his
The Efficacy of Prayer.-A lady in New York, who orders for the journey, he remained in London, he was had openly avowed infidel principles, was brought to
remarkably useful in administering to the necessities of the verge of the grave. Although she and her husband the sick, and he was saved from the surrounding infection. had professed their attachment to deistical abominations, He makes the Wrath of Man to praise Him.- Soon they had yet been accustomed to attend upon the after Tindale's New Testament was published, a royal ministry of that faithful, eloquent, and zealous servant of proclamation was issued to prohibit the buying and God, the Rev. Dr Mason. In the prospect of death she reading of such translation or translations. But this sent for the Doctor, and, upon his arrival, she declared served to increase the public curiosity, and to occasioa that she neither felt herself to be a sinner, nor believed a more careful reading of what was deemed so obnor. in the doctrine of mediation. “ Then,” said the Doctor, ious. One step, taken by the Bishop of London, af“ I have no consolation for you, not one word of com- forded some merriment to the Protestants. His lord. fort. There is not a single passage in the Bible that ship thought that the best way to prevent these English warrants me to speak peace to one who rejects the Me- New Testaments from being circulated, would be to diator provided; you must take the consequences of buy the whole impression, and therefore employed s your infidelity.” He was on the point of leaving the Mr Packington, who secretly favoured the Reformation, room, when one said, “Well, if you cannot speak con- then at Antwerp, for this purpose ; assuring him, at ibe solation to her you can pray for her. To this he as- same time, that, cost what they would, he would bare sented, and kneeling down by the bed-side, prayed for her them, and burn them at St. Paul's Cross. Upon this, as a guilty sinner just sinking into hell, and then rising Packington applied himself to Tindale (who was then from his knees, he left the house. To his great sur- at Antwerp,) and, upon agreement, the Bishop had the prise, a day or two after, he received a message from books, Packington great thanks, and Tindale all the the lady herself, earnestly desiring that he would come money.
This enabled Tindale instantly to publish a down and see her, and that without delay. He im- new and more correct edition, so that they came over mediately obeyed the summons. But what was his thick and three-fold, into England, which occasion amazement, when on entering the room, she held out great rage in :he disappointed Bishop and his Popis her hand to him, and said, with a benignant smile, “ It friends. One Constantine, being soon after apprehend. is all true,-all that you said on the Sabbath is true. Ied by Sir Thomas More, and being asked bow Tindaje have seen myself the vretched sinner you described me and others subsisted abrcad, readily answered, “The to be in prayer. I have seen Christ to be that all. it was the Bishop of London who had been their chief sufficient Saviour you said he was, and God has merci- supporter, for he had bestowed a great deal of money fully snatched me from the abyss of infidelity in which upon them in the purchase of New Testaments, to burs I was sunk, and placed me on that rock of ages. There them; and that upon that cash they had subsisted till I am secure, there I shall remain: 'I know whom I the sale of the second edition was received." have believed.'' The prayer which had been offered by the Doctor, was the means of bringing her to a sense Published by JOAN JOHNSTONE, at the Offices of the Scott of her sinfulness, her last moments were employed in
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