« VorigeDoorgaan »
be celebrated to testify their union, not only by the minis- | and assign some reasons for the amazing degeneracy. ters and elders of the Synod, but in general with the In the meantime, we have beheld the French Protestant whole Church." And as a general rule the following Church at the height of her glory, and we may draw canon was adopted :
from the facts detailing her rapid prosperity the cheer“ Although it hath not been the custom to adminis- | ing inference, that God, who vouchsafed his Spirit so ter the Lord's Supper in the greatest part of our churches plentifully in former times, may vouchsafe his influences more than four times a-year, yet it were to be desired as richly and suddenly in these latter days. Good men that it might be oftener, so that the reverence which is are often discouraged in their prayers and labours by needful for this holy sacrament could be kept up and thinking that the progress of Christianity must neces. observed Because it is most profitable for the child- sarily be slow and tedious; let them remember the hisa ren of God to be exercised and grow in faith by the tory of the Protestant Church of France, and be azi. frequent use of the sacraments; and the example of mated and refreshed. God is as able and as willing to the primitive Church doth invite us to it. And, there- ever to interpose in behalf of his people, and frequently fore, our national Synods shall take that care and order there is one characteristic style of dealing towards the in this matter, as is requisite for the weal and happiness same Church in different ages. If, in twelve years, Goi of our churches."
wrought such a change in and by the persecuted Churca A striking proof of the high state of discipline and of France, who can tell what happy moral and relizious the deep tenderness of conscience which prevailed in changes may be accomplished by the same Church in the Protestant Church of France may be gathered from these latter days. And who can estimate what gloriolis the fact, that in the very first Synod of Paris, above achievements the Christian Church of Britain may be twenty cases of conscience were discussed and decided honoured to effect, in more favourable circumstances, upon, and, it may be added, the judgments of the As- in as brief a space of time. The history of true reli. sembly were generally marked with much good sense, gion in this country certainly does not discountenance and great regard for the authority of the Word of God. the idea of rapid change for good.
The unexceptionable character of the Confession of Faith and canons of discipline, which the Protestant
CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY. Church drew up at Paris in 1559 and published, did not save her from the violence of her enemies. She
No. VI. may have had rest for a year or two, but shortly per
MATTER AND ITS PROPERTIES. secution was revived. One sovereign after another
By The Rev. James BRODIE, proved equally adverse. Mere men of the world would have been wearied out by such treatment, but the Spirit
Minister of Monimail. of God rested upon the Church and upon the admirable The essential or first principle of matter can never be standards under which she was organised, and so her conceived by the human mind, being known to mali by members increased and multiplied from day to day. In its properties alone. Of these there are some wbich 1571, or in twelve short years from the period of her are included in the very first idea that we form respectfirst public assembly, she may be said to have reached her ing it, while others are deduced from observation and highest prosperity. Here also there is a singular cor- experiment. respondence between the Church of France and the The primary properties of matter are extension, form, Church of Scotland. The latter started in 1560 with a impenetrability, and inobility. By calling ertension, or General Assembly of twelve, and a population almost size, a property of matter, we are understood to atfiru utterly ignorant of the Scriptures. In twenty years that every particle, however small, has length, breading 400 ministers assembled at Edinburgh to confess their and thickness, or, in other words, occupies a certain own sins and the sins of their people, and renew the quantity of space. In this property we also include covenant, and almost every family had a Bible and was divisibility; for if every body has some determinae able to read it. Similar was the progress of the Pro- size, it must consist of parts which may be separaich testant Church of France. At the Synod or General | from each other. In theory, this division can be cure Assembly of Rochelle in 1571, the celebrated Theo- ried on to an indefinite extent, but it is generally supdore Beza presided as moderator, and the Queen of posed that in nature there ate portions of matter so Navarre, the Prince of Navarre, Henry de Bourbon, small that they cannot be again divided. To these porPrince of Conde, Prince Lewis Count of Nassau, and tions the name of atoms has been given, and of them Count de Coligny, Admiral of France, and other lords every body is considered as composed. Their extrebe and gentlemen were present. So rapid bad been the minuteness must be altogether inconceivable. When diffusion of the Gospel, under the outpouring of the gold is beat out into a leaf, the fifty-millionth part of Spirit, that Beza could count 2150 Churches in con- a grain may be made visible; and the world of woznection with the Protestant Church of France: almost ders displayed by the microscope, presents us with double the number of the present Church of Scotland ; proofs of their minuteness yet more astonishing—inszei and the Churches were not small or insignificant in having been discovered as much sinaller than the 32 point of strength. In many there were 10,000 mem- as the mouse is less than the elephant, and yet the pris bers. The Church of Orleans had 7000 communi- ticles of the vital fluid circulate in their veins as #1 cants; and the ministers in such Churches were pro- as in our own. Form implies the possession of sauje portionally numerous; two ministers to a Church was determinate figure or shape, which it is evident ail common, and that of Orleans had five. At this period
Impenetrability, or as it is scamthere were 305 pastors in the one province of Normandy, times termed, substance or solidity, designates that man and in Provence there were 60. All this betokens perty by which each particular body hinders all oilers wonderful growth. What a contrast to the present state from occupying the same part of space which itp of the French Protestant Church ! With all its revival sesses ; that is, two pieces of matter cannot be in the of late years, it appears on the testimony of the Rev. Mr same place at the same time. Mobility expresses ! Davies, in his recent “ Letters from France,” that for capacity for motion; and when we call it a property between two and three millions of professed Protestants, matter, we merely affirm, that all bodies may be morck there are only between four and five hundred Churches, if sufficient force be applied. and three hundred ministers. The Ecclesiastical Budget The secondary properties of matter are adhesion, efor 1837 gives three hundred and sixty-six pastors of hesion, elasticity, and gravitation. Adhesion is 3 PTthe Reformed Church. What an unhappy change! We perty residing in the surfaces of bodies, by which i* may perhaps, in a subsequent paper, continue the history, of them, when brought together, so that the distance
dies must possess.
between them is insensible, stick or adhere to each new properties in the compounds, Crystallization arother. Thus two pieces of metal, having highly po- ranges the particles of bodies into symmetrical forins. lished surfaces, when applied to each other, will some- The principle of vegetable life changes matter that times require a considerable force to separate them. formerly was dark, and it may be loathsome, into the Different kinds of matter possess this attraction in va- verdant foliage and lovely blossom of the plant. And rious degrees. Liquids, from their surfaces being not the agency of the vital power in animals, makes that, only highly polished, but adapting themselves to the which in itself is incapable of feeling or activity, beinequalities of other surfaces, possess it in a much higher come instinct with life and motion, writhe under the degree than solids. In some cases, as in that of oil pang of agony, or bound through the impulse of joy. poured upon water, there seems to be none of this at- Such is the material which, in the words of Scriptraction exlibited at all. Cohesion and elasticity are ture, Jehovah at first “ created,” and out of which he properties which have a reference to the composition of afterwards“ made" the visible universe. The consbodies. According to the theory which is now gene- deration of its properties is necessary not only for the rally adopted, al bodies consist of physical points or philosopher, that he may be enabled to ascertain the atoms, endued with certain powers of attraction and re- laws by which it is regulated, but for the Christian, if pulsion, which vary both in nature and degree with he would fully comprehend the power and wisdom of their respective distances. Cohesion is the attraction, God as exhibited in creation. When we contemplate or force, by which the component parts of a homoge- the varied scenes that nature presents to our view, it is neous or uniformn mass are drawn together; elasticity not enough that we admire the changing outline of the is the tendency which they have to separate from each mountain and the plain, the diversified colours of the other. These properties, or forces, are directly opposed plants, that spring in boundless profusion around us, to each other, and it is by their mutual action that the and the active movements of the living things, that forin of bodies is determined. The manner of their tread on the earth, pass through the waters of the deep, operation may be very simply illustrated. If we take or fly in the open firmament of heaven ; we must keep a piece of tempered steel, made into the form of a W, in mind the original properties of the matter out of and press the ends of it together, we find a resisting which they all are formed, that we may be led to praise force, which regularly increases till they are brought the Architect of nature, not only because he has raised into contact; if we separate them from each other, a a glorious edifice, but because he has made it out of similar resistance is offered till the metal is broken. | materials the most rude and unpromising. These forces may be considered as representing the ac- Nor should we rest contented here. If we farther tion of cohesion and elasticity. When both these pro- proceed and compare matter with mind, how striking perties are acting, the particles remain fixed in the is the contrast that their properties present! The one place where their forces mutually balance, or neutralize is inert and dead, the other is in constant action; the each other, increasing cohesion opposing their farther one is incapable of feeling or of thought, the other can separation, increasing elasticity preventing their farther think and know, can rejoice and be sorry. They seem compression. The body is then termed a solid. When to be not only dissimilar, but altogether contrary and neither cohesion nor elasticity acts on the particles, they opposed; yet in man matter and mind are united in have no tendency either to come nearer, or to separate The inactive substance of which our body is farther from each other, and may be moved or divided composed, is joined to a reasonable and immortal spiwith the greatest ease. The body is then termed a li- rit, and is itself destined to live for ever! Need we quid or fluid. When elasticity acts alone, the particles wonder that human ingenuity is utterly at fault, when separate as far from each other as external circumstances we attempt to investigate the nature of this connecwill allow, and the body becomes a vapour or air. tion; and may we not well exclaim, that “we are fearGravitation is that property by which the particles of fully and wonderfully made!”. And if man be thus a all matter are made to tend toward each other. It ope- mystery to himself, who shall unfold the mystery of rates on all substances alike, whatever be their nature. mysteries, the union of God and man in Christ ? He Its power is directly proportioned to the quantity of is “ the fulness of the Godhead bodily.” To the unmatter that they contain, so that the larger the mass, changing and infinite perfections of Jehovah, he adds a the greater is the attraction, while every atom possesses human soul and a material frame; worshipped by Cheits appropriate influence. It acts at all distances, whe- rubim and Seraphim, he retains the nature of man ; sitther they be insensibly small or immeasurably great, its ting on the throne of the Eternal, as the source and power, like all other virtues or emanations from a cen- arbiter of life, he bears the trace of death ; (Rev. v. tre, decreasing as the square of the distance, having 6;) he wears the diadem of heaven on the head that but a fourth part of the force at twice the distance, a was crowned with thorns; he combines in his person rinth part at three times the distance, and so on. The the attribut
of Deity and be properties of matter; nutual gravitation of its parts keeps the earth in the and holds the sceptre of supreme dominion, in a hand orm of a globe; their united power attracts to its sur- that is formed of dust! ce the lighter bodies that are within its sphere, and Father,” teach us “to know thee, the only true orms that force, or weight as it is commonly termed, God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.” y which terrestrial objects are kept in their places. She same property keeps the moon revolving round The Necessity of Looking to Christ.—The reason why be earth, the earth round the sun, and the whole solar the men of the world think so little of Christ is, they do ystem, if the conclusions of astronomers be correct, not look at him. Their backs being turned to the sun, und some far distant centre.
they can see only their own shadows, and are, there" The very law that moulds the tear,
fore, wholly taken up with themselves. While the That law preserves the earth a sphere,
true disciple, looking only upward, sees nothing but And keeps the planets in their course.'
his Saviour, and learns to forget himself. You might These are the original properties of the matter, bind a bird with a soft silken cord, and while he rehich is afterwards moulded by different agents into mains still, he will not be sensible of his confinement; e various objects that we behold. It is not our in- but as soon as he attempts to fly, he will feel the cord ntion at present to describe these agents, but it may that confines him; and the greater his desire and his t be improper to enumerate them. Heat and electric efforts to escape, the more sensible will he be of bis ey enlarge the size, and change the forms of the bodies bondage. So the sinner may long be a slave to his sins,
which they are applied. Chemical agency unites and never be aware of it till he rises to go to Christ.gether different kinds of substances, so as to produce PAYSON.
And bids it trickle from its source,
able time he was accustomed to avow and to defend his wretched principles. He was soon, however, res
cued from his danger. A striking interposition of mercy THE AUTUMN EVENING.
effected his wonderful preservation in a violent commoBehold the western evening light !
tion in the city of Lyons. He then became convinced It melts in deepening gloom ;
that there is a Providence ; and the entreaties of his So calmly Christians sink away,
father induced him to commence the perusal of the New Descending to the tomb.
Testament with attention and seriousness. He begin The winds breathe low, the withering leaf
with the first chapter of the Gospel of John, and be Scarce whispers from the tree;
has left the following account of the impression which So gently flows the parting breath,
was produced upon his mind :-“I read," said be, When good men cease to be.
part of the chapter, and I was so impressed with
what I read, that I could not but perceive the divinity How beautiful on all the hills
of the subject, and the authority and majesty of the The crimson light is shed !
Scriptures, to surpass greatly all human eloquence. I 'Tis like the peace the Christian gives
shuddered with horror at myself; my soul was astonishTo mourners round his bed.
ed; and I was so strongly affected all that day, that I How mildly on the wandering cloud
scarcely knew, who, what, or where I was. But thou, The sunset beam is cast!
O Lord my God! didst remember me in thy wondertal 'Tis like the memory left behind
mercy, and didst receive a lost and wandering sheep in:0 When lov'd ones breathe their last.
thy flock. From that time I began to read the Bible, and And now, above the dews of night,
treat other books with more coldness and indifference, The yellow star appears ;
and to become more conversant with the things which So faith springs in the heart of those
relate to salvation, With these expressions, and witi Whose eyes are bathed in tears.
this extraordinary change, the subsequent history of
Junius corresponded; he was holy in living, bapps in But soon the morning's happier light
dying, and to few men is the Church of Christ more inHis glory shall restore,
debted for their active labours and literary productions And eyelids that are sealed in death Shall wake to close no more.
Piety and Persecution.—The ancestors of the celePeabody.
brated Dr Franklin were remarkable for their attack
ment to revealed truth. The family of his great grandODE TO THE STARS.
father having embraced the doctrines of the Reforma
tion, were in great danger, in the reign of Queen Mary, How beauteous! how wondrous ! fain, fain would I see
of being molested on account of their zeal against Po. Your myriads unrobed of their mystery ; Fain would I cleave the dark dome of the night,
pery. They had an English Bible, and to conceal it
the more securely, they conceived the project of fastenSoaring up, like a thought, to your islands of light: Fain would I rifle your secrets divine,
ing it open with packthreads across the leaves, on the
inside of a lid of a private chest. When the patriarWith what forms ye are peopled, and wherefore ye shine; chal head of the family wished to read to his domestic By what laws ye are governed, and framed on what plan, circle, he reversed the lid upon his knees, and passe I would know ; but I may not, this is not for man!
the leaves from one side to the other, which were he Great, glorious the day, when the Author of all
down on each by the packthread. One of the children Having spake ye from nought, and ye sprung at the call ! Through myriads of space from his hand ye were hurled, the officers of the spiritual court making their appear
was stationed at the door to give notice in the event & Dark myriads of atoms—each atom a world !
In that case the lid was restored to its platt, When each sped to his point in the boundless expanse, And ye caught your first light from the light of his glance with the Bible concealed under it as before. His power in one moment fixed each in his spot,
Dew.—“ Thy goodness is as the morning cloud, or One moment remitted—ye sink and are not.
as the early dew, which goeth away.”—Hosea, vi
. 4. What a dot is this earth, 'mid yon orbs of the sky!
“ The dews of the night,” says an eastern traveler, And compared with this earth, what a nothing am I!
as we had only the heavens for our covering, woed Yet I with my mind's cobweb plummet would sound
frequently wet us to the skin ; but no sooner was t That mind that hath known nor creation, nor bound;
sun risen, and the atmosphere a little heated, than fue Would fathom the depths of his wondrous decree ! mists were instantly dispersed, and the abundant maxCan the fly grasp a world ? or shell compass the sea ?
ure which the dews had given to the sands, would No, this to weak man is allowed and no more
entirely evaporated, or dried up." What a beautiful He may wonder and worship, admire and adore.
illustration is this, of the words of the inspired propbet! How often do the hopes which have gladdened the beart
of some kind parent or friend, disappear and pass awa!, MISCELLANEOUS.
as the dew before the morning sun! The Conversion of an Atheist. The celebrated Francis Junius, called by Bishop Hall “ the glory of
Published by John JOHNSTONE, at the Offices of the Scorr*** Leyden, the hope of the Church, the oracle of textual CHRISTIAN HERALD, 104, High Street, Edinburgh, and 19 63% and school divinity, rich in languages, subtle in distin- ford Street, Glasgow ; JAMES NISBET & Co., HAMILTON, ADUE! guishing, and in argument invincible,” was in the early
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drew Street.- Subscribers in Glasgow will, in like manner, t. less denial of the glories of the Deity, he was conduct- their copies delivered, by leaving their addresses at the Pubs ed by frequently pondering upon the insane maxim of office there, 19, Glassford Street. Epicurus, cited in the works of Cicero, that God is
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THE FEAR OF THE LORD, THAT IS WISDOM."
Vol. I. No. 36. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1836.
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not by the deeds of the law, declaring, that “cirON PURE AND UNDEFILED RELIGION.
cumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is noBy The Rev. WILLIAM Nisbet,
thing, but the keeping of the commandments of Minister of New Street Parish, Edinburgh.
God;" that " circumcision is nothing, and uncir
cumcision is nothing,” but “faith which worketh The Apostle James, in addressing “the twelve by love;" and that “circumcision is nothing, and tribes” scattered over the Roman empire, seems to uncircumcision is nothing,” but “a new creature;" have been desirous principally to teach, that “faith, and the latter does not at all undervalue faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone.” Many, it which is verily “a saving grace,” but only insists is probable, had crept into the Christian Church, on the utter vanity of that barren and merely spewho imagined, that, by the Gospel, they were freed culative belief, possessed by the trembling inhabifrom obedience to the moral precepts of the Al- tants of hell, which causes not him who hath it to
mighty, and that a mere assent of the understand honour and reverence the law, and to live, amid E. ing to the doctrine of salvation through a Re- numerous temptations, as seeing the Most High,
deemer, was sufficient to justify a sinner in Je- who is invisible. Had the sacred writer been dehovah's sight. But, as it would be exceedingly scribing the motives from which actions that are absurd to say to a brother or a sister, naked and praiseworthy must spring, he would have, undestitute of daily food, “ depart in peace, be ye doubtedly, referred to the glory of the Almighty warmed and filled,” without giving those things Creator as “man's chief end,” and he would have, which are needful to the body," and stretching undoubtedly, referred to faith in the Lord's Anforth our hands to afford effectual assistance, so ointed, as the root of the rich produce; but he here the inspired penman distinctly declarts, that they gives a summary account of the effect of proper prinlabour under sad delusion, who suppose that it is ciples upon our practice, and intimates, that our not absolutely necessary to be doers as well as pretensions to be arranged on the Redeemer's side hearers of the Word; demonstrates the folly of re- are false and vain, unless we endeavour to relieve fusing to walk in the way of the divine command- the afflicted, and to bring forth, in abundance, the ments, and employs such terms as show that if peaceable fruits of righteousness; and, indeed, the the tree be truly good, its foliage will be fair to source of all that is amiable and holy, in the outthe eyes, and its fruit pleasant to the taste; that ward conduct, is plainly hinted at, when he reprethe genuine disciple of Jesus, whilst he sojourns sents compassion towards our fellow-creatures, and on earth, hath indeed his conversation in heaven; unspotted purity of manners, as “ religion undeand that “pure religion and undefiled before God filed before God even the Father;” because Jehoeven the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and vah asks, and expects, the homage and allegiance widows in their affliction, and to keep himself un- of our hearts, and, as he is acquainted with our spotted from the world.”
secret thoughts, abominable are the best and brightSome have been so bold, in their real or affected est performances of those who worship, and yet ignorance, as to affirm, that the statement just serve him not in spirit and in truth. quoted is opposed to what is taught by Paul Multitudes would wish their neighbours to be throughout the whole of his Epistles; but if, with impressed with the idea, that they belong to the an unprejudiced eye, they would look into the household of faith,” because they regularly go inScriptures, they would certainly perceive, that the to the place where prayer is “wont to be made, harmony of the various parts of the blessed book and lift up their voices together with the pious and is perfectly unbroken, and that the great apostle devout ; and not a few appear to fancy that they of the Gentiles, and James, the servant of the are followers of the Lamb, on account of their orLord, by no means contradict each other; for we thodox sentiments, and the fluency with which find the former, whilst he strenuously maintains they can talk and dispute upon important topics. and triumphantly proves, that we are justified free- But the language before us brings complete and ly by divine grace, and iustified by faith alone, and I utter desolation to the hones of those who are
thus flattering themselves, and founding their an- misery ;” and we should seek to “lay aside every ticipations, for the future, on such a frail ground weight,” and to be sanctified in soul, and in bods, work that shall, alas ! so suddenly give way; and in spirit. and loudly warns the infatuated individuals who speak as if they loved him whom they have never
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF seen, whilst they despise their needy brethren for
WILLIAM HEY, ESQ. whom the Saviour died, and delight not in attempting to alleviate their sorrows, and who, in Late Senior Surgeon of the General Infirmary at Leeds words, profess to be looking forward to the celes- This eminent surgeon was born near Leeds, on the 31 tial city as their everlasting home, whilst, by their September 1736, of respectable and truly excellent pa conduct, they manifest, that their souls cleave While yet very young, he accidentally lost the closely to the dust
, and that, destitute of the power sight of his right eye; but through the kindness of Proof godliness, they would greedily gather the gold and retained that power till a very late period of Life
vidence, his left eye became remarkably acute in vison, that soon grows dim, and enjoy the polluted and At school, he was distinguished for his unwearied apunsatisfying "pleasures of sin for a season, plication and persevering industry. His attainments ther than “strive to enter in at the strut gate, were, in consequence, of a higher order than most of run with patience the appointed race, wrestle for his companions. Nor was he neglected in point of 16.0the prize of incalculable value, fight under the ral training. His parents were indefatigable in their banner of the Captain of Salvation, and grasp, culcation of pious principles in the minds of their child
attention to the formation of pious habits, and the inwith outstretched arms and eager hands, the
And so successful were their exertions, that Wil. crown of righteousness " that shall never fade liam was never known to utter a falsehood, or to be away.
guilty of a single breach of filial duty. He early imIt is only by having our iniquities imputed to bibed a sacred regard for integrity in all his transactions the “second Adam,” and by having his merit with mankind; and the uprightness of his character made over unto us, that we can meet with par- and example of his parents, he also acquired a taste for
was conspicuous throughout life.
From the precepts don and acceptance ; yet the volume, whose au
the public and private exercises of religion, a taste which thority is infallible, plainly and explicitly reveals, seemed to increase rather than diminish, as he became that we must be characterized by benevolence of involved in the laborious and harassing employments of disposition, and must be anxious to keep our gar- the profession which, by the advice of his parents, be ments clean. To each of the momentous branches had adopted. of duty mentioned above, it is incumbent upon prentice with Mr Dawson, surgeon and apothecarya!
At fourteen years of age, he was placed as an apa us, with care, to attend; for what Jehovah hath | Leeds. Naturally of an active and ardent mind, be so closely joined together, it becomes not us to
soon made himself acquainted with the sensible quali. put asunder ; and we should bear in mind, that, ties and medicinal virtues of the various articles be was although we distribute alms, and give, with liberal employed to compound. On one occasion, his thirst and unsparing hand, a great proportion of our
for knowledge led him beyond the bounds of prudente ; goods to feed the poor, yet, if we be the slaves of for by an immoderate use of opium, with the view of our own lusts, and be led captive by our evil and plete a state of stupor, that Mr Dawson and his friende
ascertaining its effects, he threw himself into so com:• unruly passions, and fail to “crucify the flesh,”
were seriously alarmed, and it was not until several we have reason to suspect, that Satan exercises hours had elapsed, that he recovered from the deletedominion over us: and we should bear in mind, that rious effects of the drug. although we cannot be accused of indulging in any his morning and evening devotions, and by this means
While under Mr Dawson's care, he was punctual in of those vices to which so very many are addicted, there was kept alive in his mind a constant impressiva yet if, with all our apparent rectitude and purity, of the reality and importance of divine things. He at: we turn a deaf and inattentive ear to the piercing tended also, as regularly as possible, the evening pray. cry which issues from the dwelling where the em- ers in the parish church. Though thus observast, poisoned arrows of misfortune have been falling however, of the outward forms of religion, Mr Hey had thick and fast, it is quite out of the question to not yet acquired a correct knowledge of the peculia: lay claim to be numbered amongst the living in doctrines of Christianity. He was in search of the
truth, and hence he was in the habit of studying the Jerusalem, amongst the “cloud of witnesses,
Scriptures, that he might attain an enlarged acquaink amongst those who have been united to “ the
ance with all that the Bible reveals. church of the first-born."
occasions, while reading the fifth chapter of the Second The description which the apostle gives of Epistle to the Corinthians, his attention was forcibir pure and undefiled religion, is not calculated to arrested by the seventeenth verse :-“ If any man be in encourage a legal spirit, but it shows the folly of Christ, he is a new creature ; old things are passed an antinomian temper'; and our fervent prayer ing on these words, he was led by the Spirit of God to should be, that we may be enabled to avoid both
see the necessity, in his own case, of an entire reporterrors; and, whilst we consider the Messiah as
tion of heart; and to that great object, in which con. our sanctuary and shield, as our substitute and insists the essence of all practical religion, his efforts tercessor, we should seek to pity and to assist the were from this time assiduously directed. He prayed orphan, to comfort her who hath beheld the hus- much, he read much, he thought much. A change de band of her youth carried from the house of character and conduct.
came gradually more and more apparent in his whole mourning, and all who are doomed “ to drink the
When he was about eighteen years of age, he joined baleful
of grief, and eat the bitter bread of the Wesleyan Methodists ; but in common with the
On one of the