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asking him, " But are you comfortable in your mind ?' to Constantinople, and were assigned a large district, he immediately answered, Very comfortable-very called Hassi Kui, to inhabit, where they form a comcomfortable :' and exclaimed, “Come, Lord Jesus munity of 50,000 persons. The Turks call the different Come.' -He then hesitated, as if incapable of bring- people who reside under them by names indicative of the ing out the last word ; and one of his daughters, invol- estimation in which they hold them. Thus they call untarily as it were, ancicipated him by saying, 'Quick- the Greeks, Yeshir, or slaves, as they were considered to ly!' on which her departing father gave her a look ex- have forfeited their life at the taking of Constantinople, pressive of the most complacent delight.
and hold it ever since on sufferance; the Armenians, "« On entering his room, I found him sitting on the Rayas, or subjects, as they were never a conquered sofa, surrounded by his lamenting family ; with one foot people, but merged insensibly into the population of in the hot water, and the other spasmodically grasping the empire ; but the Jews they call Mousaphir, or visithe edge of the bath ; his frame waving in violent, almost tors, because they sought an asylum among them. convulsive heavings, sufficiently indicative of the pro- They treat them, therefore, as visitors, with kindness cess of dissolution. 1 hastened, though despairingly, to and hospitality. I give you this as the original and acadminister such stimulants as might possibly avert the curate distinction, though all the subjects of Turkey, threatening termination of life ; and as I sat by his side who are not Turks, are loosely called Rayas.
for this purpose he threw his arm over my shoulders for “ As a further motive for good will, they mutually PL
support, with a look of evident satisfaction that I was approach to an assimilation, much more nearly than any near him. He said to me, I am dying : death is come of the rest, in their religious opinions and observances. at last : all will now be useless.' As I pressed upon Their strict theism; their practice of circumcision ; him draughts of stimulants, he intimated that he would their abhorrence of swine's fesh; their language reads take them if I wished; but he believed all was useless. from right to left ;-are all coincidences, which, to a On my asking him if he suffered much, he replied, certain degree, give them an identity of feeling which
Dreadfully.' The rapidly increasing gasping soon does not take place with the others. The Jews, thereoverpowered his ability to swallow, or to speak, except fore, are a favoured people, and held by the Turks in a in monosyllables, few in number, which I could not col- degree of consideration which is very different from that lect; but, whatever might be the degree of his suffering, which they receive in any Christian country at the pre(and great it must have been,) there was no failure of sent day. his mental vigour or composure. Indeed, so perfect “ In many towns in Germany which I have visited, was his consciousness, that in the midst of these last they are probibited by law from passing a night within agonies, he intimated to me very shortly before the close, the walls; and the law is strictly enforced, unless evaded with his accustomed courteousness, a fear lest he should by the payment of an exorbitant tax : in others, they fatigue me by his pressure ; and when his family, one are obliged to submit to degrading conditions and susafter another, gave way in despair, he followed them picious precautions, which are as frivolous as they are with sympathizing looks, as they were obliged to be humiliating. They cannot travel from town to town, conveyed from the room. This was his last voluntary or exercise particular trades, without paying an extramovement; for immediately, a general convulsion seiz- ordinary toll or tax, which is not exacted from other ed him, and he quickly expired.'
people. Even in England, there is a strong line of deIt is unnecessary to dwell upon the character of one marcation still drawn, and they are still considered who so long held a very high place in the estimation of foreigners; and in London they cannot be members of the Christian community in England. His name is hal- corporations, cannot open a shop, cannot practise parlowed in the remembrance of multitudes; and whether ticular callings without paying to the corporation exorwe view him as a man, a scholar, a Christian, or a mi- bitant fines, which are demanded from nobody else. nister of the Gospel, we feel ourselves entitled to say, The prejudice which led to cruelty and persecution, is that few men have earned a prouder, a more honourable, softened with the growing liberality of the age ; but it or more enduring reputation, than Robert Hall. still exists under a milder form, and is a wall of separa
tion between them and a Christian community. In Tur
key it forms no such barrier : the Jews freely exercise THE JEWS IN CONSTANTINOPLE.
the most lucrative callings--they are generally the De Walsh, in his Narrative of a Journey from Con- brokers who transact business for merchants, and the stantinople to England, thus describes the state of the sarafs, or bankers, with whom the Turks deposit their Jews in the Turkish capital :
property. They enter, particularly the women, into the " You would naturally suppose, as I did, that these Harams with merchandize, and so are agents of intrigue, people came to Constantinople from some part of the and acquire extraordinary influence in Turkish houses. East, and brought with them their oriental language; “ On a hill behind the quarter of Hassa Kui, where but this is not the case. After the extinction of the they reside, they have a large cemetery ornamented Waldenses, in the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, the with marble tombs, some of them exceedingly well rage of the Inquisition was turned against the Jews of sculptured in high relief; and the houses of the opuSpain ; and having inflicted on them various persecu- lent are furnished and fitted up in a style of oriental tions and sufferings, an edict was at length issued for magnificence. The lower orders, however, are marked expelling them altogether from that country; and they by tbat peculiarity which distinguishes them in every set out to the amount of 800,000 persons, from this other country; squalor and raggedness in their perland of Egypt, not spoiling their enemies, but spoiled sons, filth and nastiness in their houses, their morals of all they possessed themselves. As the same pre- very lax, and ready to engage in any base business judices existed against them in every Christian coun
which the less vile would have a repugnance to. try at the time, they could find no asylum in the West, They are distinguished, like all classes in Turkey, by a 80 they set their faces to the East, and returned to the particular dress : they wear a turban like a Turkish place from whence they originally came. They were gentleman, but lower; and instead of being encircled kindly received in different parts of the Ottoman em- with a rich shawl, it is generally bound with a mean pire, and the Turks afforded them that protection which cross-barred handkerchief; and their slippers, the coChristians had denied them. They settled at Saloni. lour of which is particularly prescribed to all Turkish chi, Smyrna, Rodosto, and other large towns, where subjects, are blue. The front of their houses is lead they, at this day, form an important part of the popu- colour. They are inflexibly attached to their own relation. At Salonichi they have no less than thirty ligion, though many of them have apparently conform synagogues. But the principal division of them came led to Mahoinedanism : such as bave done so, still prac
tise, in their own way, the rites common to both peo- even have ten sons, I should not discover it to all, ple. The Turk circumcises his child at the age of five but only to one, who should be the most prudent and or six, and makes it a gay public ceremony. The learned, and, at the same time, firm and unmoved in Jewish proselyte always performs it on the eighth day, faith : but to a female I should never disclose it on any and in private. Their Rabbins also visit them secret- account. May the earth, said he, never receive thee, ly, and keep up all their former observances.
if thou revealest these secrets! So said my father; “ Should a Jew be made a convert to Christianity, but I, since I have taken as my father the Lord Jesus he becomes the immediate object of the most relentless | Christ, will proclaim the truth in every place; and, as persecution to his own people, so that his life is not the wise Sirac says, 'even unto death strive for the safe. A very respectable man of that persuasion ap- truth.' Much of these and similar representations are plied to me to be received into Christian communion, to be attributed to prejudice, and great deductions are and in due time I baptized him in the chapel of the to be made from them; but certainly the Jews of ConBritish embassy ; but he earnestly requested that I stantinople are a fierce and fanatic race; persecution should keep it a profound secret, and the day after the and suffering have not taught them moderation, and ceremony he left Constantinople for Poland. Indeed, they pursue, even to death, any apostate from their own their repugnance to Christians, particularly to the doctrines. Greeks, displays itself on all occasions. When the They have a language and character peculiar to venerable patriarch was banged by the Turks, the Jews themselves: the first is Spanish, debased by Hebrew volunteered their services to cast his body into the sea : and foreign words into a lingua franca ; and the second some fellows of the lowest description were brought in which it is written is rabbinical, disguised by an from Hassa Kui for the purpose, and they dragged his alteration of some of the letters." corpse, by the cord by which he was hanged, through the streets with gratuitous insult. This circumstance, with others of a similar nature, so increased the former
DISCOURSE. antipathy of the Greeks, that they revenged themselves
BY THE LATE REV. ANDREW HUNTER, D.D., on every Jew that fell in their way, at the commencement
One of the Ministers of the Tron Church, and Professor of the insurrection, with the most dreadful retaliation. “ The mutual prejudice is so strong, that it gives
of Theology in the University of Edinburgh. rise, as you may suppose, to a number of accusations ; “ For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish and they charge each other with the most atrocious foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the practices The Jews, you will recollect, in the early power of God.”—1 Cor. i. 18. ages of Christianity, denounced the Christians as eaters of their own children—an accusation sanctioned by the In the immediately preceding verse St. Paul speaks impure and secret practices of some of the Gnostic of the commission which he had received, as an
The Christians of Spain formerly stated that apostle, and of the manner in which this important the Jews crucified adults on Good Friday, in mockery trust was to be discharged. of our Saviour ; and at Constantinople, at the present
“ Christ,” says he, day, they are charged with purloining children, and sa
“ sent me not to baptize, but to preach the Gosrificing them as paschal lambs, at their passover. It pel.” It is not however meant that his commiswas one day at Galata, a suburb of Pera, where a sion did not extend to the administration of hapgreat commotion was just excited. The child of a tism, for the apostles were expressly authorised to Greek merchant had disappeared, and no one could
go and teach all nations, baptizing them in the give any account of it. It was a beautiful boy, and it was imagined it had been taken by a Turk for a slave;
name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the after some time, however, the body was found in the Holy Ghost.”. The explaining the principles of Bosphorus; its legs and arms were bound, and certain the Christian faith, and the dispensing of its sacred wounds on its side indicated that it had been put to rites, were vested in the same persons. It appears death in some extraordinary manner, and for some ex- from other passages that St. Paul baptized some contraordinary purpose. Suspicion immediately fell upon verts. But this was not his chief employment. He the Jews; and as it was just after their paschal feast, suspicion, people said, was confirmed to a certainty: suggests that the principal object of his mission was Nothing could be discovered to give a clue to the per- to preach the Gospel, and to this object his attenpetrators, but the story was universally talked of, and tion and labours were almost unremittingly directele generally believed, all over Pera.
He then speaks of the manner in which he was “ The prejudice has also been greatly increased by a called to discharge this trust, “ Not with the wisbook written by a Jewish rabbi converted to Chris- dom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be tianity, which is a great curiosity. It is entitled • A made of none effect.” By the wisdom of words, Confutation of the Religion of the Jews,' by Neophytus, a Greek monk, formerly a Jewish rabbi. The original seems to be meant the subtle distinctions of the work was in the Moldavian language, and was printed philosophers, and those powers of rhetoric by which in the year 1803 ; but it is said that the Jews, at that they embellished and recommended their opinions. time, gave a large sum of money to the Hospodar, and These St. Paul avoided, “lest the cross of Christ the book was suppressed and destroyed. A copy, should be made of none effect ;" 1 e., lest the nahowever, escaped, which was translated into modern tive simplicity and majesty of the doctrine of a copy at Constantinople. The first chapter is entitled crucified Saviour should have been debased, and • The Concealed Mysteries now made Public.'
The lest its efficacy should have seemed to depend subject is the blood which the Jews take from Christ- more upon artificial colouring or embellishments, ians, and the purposes to which they apply it.'. After than upon its own intrinsic evidence and exceldetailing a number of the most extraordinary particulars, lence. He then points out the reception which he concludes in the following words :-'When I was thirteen years old, my father revealed to me the mystery
this doctrine met with, in the words of our text, of the blood, and cursed me by all the elements of bea
“ For the preaching of the cross is to them that ven and earth, if ever I should divulge the secret, even perish foolishness; but,” &c. to my brethren; and when I was married, and should The first and most unpleasant part of this
subject is, the unfavourable reception which the ed it as absurd to suppose that a man, who could preaching of the cross has from those who perish. not save himself from ignominy and a violent To them it is foolishness. By those who perish, death, should be able to raise his followers to the is meant all who are under the dominion of sin, highest honour and felicity; that thousands or and who are deaf to the calls to repent and to be- myriads of mankind should be indebted for salvalieve the Gospel; all who either disregard the in- tion or happiness to one who had hung upon a structions and laws of God, or who prefer the cross. To the polite Greeks these assertions enjoyments of a present life to those of religion seemed to be foolish, and scarcely worthy of their and of eternity. The degrees of their guilt may notice, especially when they came from men of be different. Nay, some of them may possess low birth and education. Had their discourses some qualifications that may render them respect related to the discoveries and opinions of some able and useful in society ; but whilst they are profound philosopher, or to the achievements of strangers to the power of religion, and are living an illustrious hero, they might have excited a in the habitual practice of any vice, they are liable greater degree of their attention, and procured to divine condemnation and punishment; they the attachment of a larger number of the wise, are amongst those that perish, or who shall be the noble, and the rich. But the doctrine of the consigned to the abodes of misery, if they die in apostles had not these attractions to recommend their present condition. If they have lived under it. They exhibited, indeed, a character more excelthe ministry of the Gospel, and have either ne- lent than any that ever appeared in the world; but glected these means of improvement, or pervert- in a humble and suffering condition—destitute of ed them to the purposes of licentiousness, they grandeur, riches, or any of those external circumshall prove to them “ the savour of death unto stances that can excite the admiration, or engage death;" their guilt will be more aggravated, and the affections of worldly men. They taught a their condemnation more severe. To them, “ the religion which, though excellent in its doctrines preaching of the cross is foolishness." They and precepts, was repugnant to the idolatry, supereither hold it in derision, or pay no serious atten- stition, and vices of those to whom it was adtion to the important purposes for which the suf- dressed. ferings of Christ were intended. A further de- It may be said, perhaps, that this description is scription of the character of such persons is given applicable only to the period before the establishin verses 22 and 23: “ For the Jews require a sign, ment of Christianity in the Roman empire, or to and the Greeks seek after wisdom. But we preach those countries where the Christian faith has not Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock, yet been established. But it is not to be thus liand unto the Greeks foolishness.” The Jews were mited; for not only is the cross of Christ still to highly offended with the representation that their the Jews a stumblingblock, but in this and every Messiah had lived here in a state of great poverty age there are many who deem it to be foolishand abasement, and that he had suffered an igno- ness, or, at least, have no just ideas of the imporminious and painful death upon a cross.
tant ends which the humiliation of the Son of repugnant to the pride of their nation, and to God was intended to accomplish. In no age has their ill-founded expectation, that the Messiah there been a greater number of infidels in counwas to be a victorious prince, who was to rescue tries professedly Christian, than there is at prethem from the Roman yoke, and was to establish sent. All of them do, of course, deny the docfor them a great empire. The prophecies as to trine of salvation by a crucified Redeemer, and the glory and extent of Christ's spiritual king- some of them treat it with open contempt. To dom, they erroneously explained, as relative to an them may be added the Socinians, a numerous illustrious temporal monarch. Though our Lord body of men, who represent the sufferings of Christ stated the true meaning of these predictions, and as intended for no other purpose than the confirevinced their exact fulfilment in himself, yet nei- mation of his doctrine, and to exhibit an examther his instructions nor his miracles removed ple of patience and forgiveness of injuries to the their inveterate prejudices. Their minds were world. Though these ends are doubtless of concarnal, and their affections more set upon tem- siderable moment, they might have been attained poral enjoyments than spiritual blessings. So far by the magnanimous spirit of the martyrs, under was Jesus from flattering them with the prospect severe unmerited sufferings, and they fall short of security and prosperity, in consequence of of what Christians in general consider as the their connection with him, he warned them of the chief end of the death of Christ,—an atonement approach of tribulation or persecution for his for sin. But besides those who maintain opiname's sake. “ To the Greeks the cross of Christ nions derogatory to the mediatorial character of was foolishness." By the Greeks is meant the Christ, are there not great multitudes that bestow Gentile nations, to whom the Gospel was early no attention on this most important subject ? communicated, the most of whom spoke the They have no deep impressions of their own Greek language. Though some in these coun- guilt and wretchedness, and of their need of a tries felt the transforming power of divine truth, Saviour to deliver them from the wrath to come. and acquiesced in the scheme of salvation through They have no firm persuasion that Jesus Christ Jesus Christ, yet to the generality of them it is the promised Messiah, and the only Redeemer appeared long to be foolishness. They consider- of men. They have never cordially embraced
him as their Saviour, nor submitted to his autho- | sufferings; the perfection of his obedience, and of rity as their lawgiver and Lord. His Gospel and that sacrifice which he offered upon the cross for the interests of his kingdom are not dear in their our salvation ; “ They have been as a hammer to estimation. The things of this world are much break the rocky heart in pieces, or as fire to melt more the objects of their pursuit and attachment. the soul into contrition and love.”. The amazing They have no lively conviction of the dreadful discoveries of the divine wisdom, holiness, conmalignity and demerit of sin, as exhibited in the descension, and love, should be set in a most death of Christ. They are insensible of the un- striking point of view. The inestimable benefits, speakable value of the blessings, which the Son both in a present and future life, resulting from of God has obtained for a lost world, and of the the love of our dying Saviour, claim special regard
. strong obligations which men are laid under to This is what is called by the apostle the preaching “glorify him with their bodies and spirits that are of the cross of Christ, and it has been, in every his.” Nay, very many of those, who are named age, the power of God for “turning men from by the name of Christ, shew no respect to his darkness to light, and from the power of Satan institutions and laws. Their lives are worse than unto God.” By such discourses have men chiefly those of many heathens. Though they may not de- been brought to see their own guilty and wretched ride the cross of Christ, to them it is virtually fool- condition, their need of a Saviour, and the excelishness. To them Christ is dead in vain ; they lency of the plan of salvation by Jesus Christ. derive no benefit from his death, and counteract By them have their views and attachments been the important purposes for which it was intended. changed, the love of sin has been subdued within Thus it appears, that to those who perish the them, and they have immediately forsaken those cross of Christ is foolishness.
habits of impiety and licentiousness, to which I will now shew, more particularly, in what re- they were addicted. It was by discourses of spects the preaching of the cross of Christ is “ to this kind, under the divine blessing, that very them that are saved the power of God.”
numerous converts were added to the Church, 1. As it is the chief or most effectual means under the ministry of the apostles, and the of their conversion. Far am I from meaning to first teachers of Christianity.
They determined limit the Holy One of Israel. God may, and to know nothing among those to whom their sometimes does, employ other means for produc- labours were directed, save Jesus Christ, and ing this happy change. Sometimes sharp afflic- him crucified, declaring that there was no name tions have been rendered effectual in convincing given under heaven, by which men could be saved, men of their guilt and misery, and in leading them but the name of Jesus. In every subsequent age to that fountain which is opened for all manner of it will be found that the number of genuine consin and uncleanness. Sometimes a word spoken verts, or the degree of success of the Gospel, bas in season by a friend has been carried home, with borne a proportion to the purity and fidelity with divine power, to the heart. Under the ministry which those peculiar truths of it, respecting the of the Spirit a holy life or a bright example of character and offices of Christ, have been illuspiety and virtue has also been useful in adding to trated and enforced. To them, therefore, let our the Church such as shall be saved. But of all attention be steadily directed, with earnest prayers means none has been so blessed as the faithful that they may prove to the hearers the savour of preaching of the cross of Christ, and of the doc- | life unto life. trines connected with it. In general philosophical 2. That the preaching of the cross is to them dissertations or discourses on moral virtue and vice that are saved the power of God, will appear fur. have made no lasting impression upon the hearers. ther, from considering its efficacy in subduing the They may have admired the ingenuity of the power of sin in believers, and promoting their preacher, or his powers of reasoning and eloquence, progress in the divine life. As the revelation but the heart has been unchanged, evil dispositions of grace in the Gospel, is the chief instrument of and habits have continued as strong as ever. the conversion of sinners, so it is of their gradual Sometimes, though seldom, has an external re- sanctification or advancement in holiness. Our formation of conduct been produced. In general, Lord said to his apostles, “ Now ye are clean the drunkard, the lewd, and those who are slaves through the word which I have spoken to you." to other vices, have not diminished in the least It is the truth, or evangelical truths, which he the indulgence of their passions. But much more represents as making men free, or weakening the powerful has been the ethicacy of those discourses, force of sinful inclinations. The Word of God that have laid open most fully the corruptions of is a precious and incorruptible seed, which bringeth the heart, as well as of the life; that have ex- forth abundant increase,« in some thirty, in some plained the extent, the spirituality, and sanctions of sixty, and in some a hundred fold, to the praise the divine law; that have shewn that state of guilt and glory of God.” In his intercessory prayer, our and misery, in which mankind are universally in- Lord prays for believers, “ Sanctify them through volved, and the gracious counsels of heaven for the thy truth'; thy word is truth.” Faith in Christ is recovery of our apostate race. Those discourses said to be the root of obedience, and as naturally which have most clearly illustrated the divine bringeth forth holiness as a good tree bringeth nature and mediatorial offices of our Redeemer; forth good fruit
. The obedience of wise Christians the depth of his abasement, and severity of his is the obedience of faith, and is proportioned to
the strength of that divine principle, which in some high thing that exalteth itself against the knowis much more vigorous than in others. “ Now ledge of God, and bringing into captivity every faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the Word thought to the obedience of Christ. of God." “ The Scriptures are profitable for Its energy is also manifested in yielding the doctrine, for reproof, for correction, and instruction best consolations under the afflictions of life, and in righteousness; that the man of God may be the prospect of death. On a sick-bed, and on perfect
, thoroughly furnished to every good work.” a death-bed, the vanity of all earthly comforts But though the whole of revelation is of a prac- clearly appears. None of them can then aftical and salutary tendency, those doctrines are ford any effectual solace or relief. • Riches peculiarly conducive to holiness, which respect cannot profit in the hour of trouble nor ransom the plan of our salvation by Jesus Christ. When from the power of the grave." When the rich these doctrines are preached explicitly and fre- man dieth, he can carry nothing away with him, quently, they never fail to exhibit their influence neither shall his glory descend after him. The on the character of those who receive them, in mightiest monarch cannot arrest the progress of gradually subduing any evil inclinations that remain a fever, or ward off for an hour or a minute in them, and counteracting the force of tempta- the stroke of death. All the affluence or possestions, to which they have formerly yielded, in sions of the world cannot give ease from pain, strengthening every divine virtue, and promoting and still less can they quiet the remorse and awtheir fruitfulness in every good work. It is among ful forebodings of a self-condemning mind. The those who sit under such a ministry that there pardon of sin, an exemption from future punishis to he found the greatest number of lively Chris- ment, is not to be purchased by corruptible things, tians, who are fervent in their devotions, zealous such as silver and gold. But, will philosophy, or for the advancement of the Redeemer's kingdom, extensive erudition, afford, in these interesting humble and watchful against temptation, exem- circumstances, any effectual consolation ? No: if plary in the discharge of relative duties, and eager it is separated from religion, or the fear of God, it to improve opportunities of active usefulness. cannot. Not only has it essentially failed in Have you not experienced, Christians, that the bringing life and immortality clearly to light; but more your minds have been occupied with the it can communicate to sinful creatures no assur
wonders of redeeming love, you have felt more ance that their iniquities shall be pardoned, or 3 lively contrition for your sins, and have formed that a holy God will not inflict punishment upon
more strong determinations to forsake every false them. Philosophy may suggest, that these strokes and wicked way? Have you not been more are unavoidable, and that it will be unavailing to Farmed with gratitude to God for the riches of be impatient or complain. But it cannot support his grace, and with attachment to his institutions and exhilarate the soul with such pleasing declarand laws ? Have you not felt more strongly ations as the Christian faith affords, that whom the obligations to universal holiness, when you the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and that these have seen the divine law magnified by the obedi- “ light afflictions, which are but for a moment, shall ence of Christ, and the holiness and justice of God work for them a far more exceeding and eternal
awfully manifested in his humiliation and sufferings? weight of glory.” ein When contemplating the cross of Christ, have you Can numerous and sympathising friends give
not been ready to say, “we are not our own, but comfort in a dying hour? Their tears and their bought with a price ; henceforth we will glorify offices of kindness are agreeable ; but the thought God with our bodies and spirits that are his p'o of an approaching separation from them is painful. “ The love of Christ constraineth us thus to judge, Their wishes and their exertions will be unavailthat if one died for all, then were all dead, that ing, to bring back from the gates of death. Bewe who live should not henceforth live unto our sides, none of them can give any security from selves, but to him who died for us and rose again.” | misery, or effectual consolation to those, who are No motives to a cheerful and unreserved obedience not at peace with God. The attempt to delude of the will of God, are so powerful as those which or lull the conscience of a dying impenitent sinare drawn from the love of Christ. How sweet ner, is cruel. None can reverse or suspend the and persuasive to believers is the exhortation of execution of the decrees of God, that the wicked
St. Paul, in Rom. xii. 1, 2. “I beseech you shall go into everlasting punishment. Where, B brethren by the mercies of God, that ye present then, is consolation to be obtained at that criti
your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, and acceptable cal season, when the soul stands most in need to God, which is your reasonable service. And of it? It is in the Gospel of Christ. There be not conformed to this world: but be ye trans- the most animating promises are suggested to formed by the renewing of your minds, that ye every humble contrite sinner, however great may may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and have been his former offences. He is assured that perfect will of God.” Believers “ beholding, as in “the blood of Christ cleanseth from all sin, and a glass, the glory of the Lord, are changed into that whosoever cometh unto God through hin, his inare, from glory to glory, even as by the spi- shall in no wise be cast ont :” “ that there is no rit of the Lord.” Thus is the preaching of the condemnation to them who are in Christ Jesus," cross of Christ the power of God to them that are and that there is strong consolation to them who saved, in casting down imaginations, and every I have fled for refuge to (i lay hold upon the hope set