lower Palatinate of the Rhine, was a man distinguished | ing upon the mountains, skipping upon the hills,' and at once by his professional ingenuity, undissembled with the ‘kisses of his mouth,' and the 'savour of bis piety, and the utmost strictness of morality. His mo. good ointments poured forth,' will anoint those who are ther is spoken of as a truly estimable woman. Her conducted into the palaces of Eden. United to him, father, John Reuter, was mayor of the town; and to we shall live and thrive, contemplating Zion and Salem him, owing to the numerous avocations of Schwartzerd, in the secret silen of adoration. Such is the fruit of was committed the management of Melancthon's early celestial knowledge, which will always prove worthy of studies.

our supreme regard when pure and unimpaired by hu. Had we possessed any anecdotes of the childhood of man subtleties.” Melancthon, they could not have failed to be deeply in- It has frequently been asked, who was it that set ateresting, unfolding, as they would have done, the going the Lutheran Reformation ? But, from the pasdawning of a disposition so full of the milk of human sage we have just now quoted, as well as from other kindness, that it was said of him, “Honest and candid facts in the history of the times, it is obvious, that this men are fond of him, and even his adversaries cannot question can at the utmost relate only to words. Mehate him;" but that modesty which shone no less con- lancthon did not meet with Luther till he came to spicuous in his character than the sweetness of his tem- Wittemberg, and this oration was delivered a few weeks per, must have prevented the occurrence of such no- after he came thither; yet he gives vent to that prime ticeable scenes as often, in the conduct of the child, doctrine of the Reformation, -" that the Word of God portray the future man. Even his modesty, however, must be kept pure and unimpaired by human subtlecould not long conceal his splendid talents and acquire ties,” in language so explicit, as to shew clearly, that ments ; for even at a very early age he stood pre- he was no mere inquirer, but one whose opinion had eminent among literary men. He matriculated in the long been made up and fully decided. The ReformaUniversity of Heidelberg in the year 1509, and obtained tion arose in the outpouring of the Spirit of the Lord, the degree of Master of Arts in 1513. Shortly after- and he wrought in a way beautifully illustrative of our wards he became public lecturer at Tubingen, where Saviour's discourse to Nicodemus. We know not he obtained great celebrity from his acquaintance with whence the wind cometh, yet we hear its sound. We general literature, but more especially from his classi- cannot tell whence converting grace came, to Luther, cal attainments; and so great was his fame before he or Melancthon, or Zuinglius, yet we perceive its power had reached eighteen years of age, that the learned in all the three. Erasmus exclaimed, “What hopes may we not con- At the tiine Melancthon was appointed to the Greek cive of Philip Melancthon, who, though as yet very chair in the University of Wittemberg, Luther was young, and almost a boy, is nearly equally proficient in Professor of Philosophy in the same place; and alboth languages ! What quickness of invention! What though in disposition these two individuals were wide purity of diction! What vastness of memory! What as the poles asunder, they were both begotten of the varied reading! What a modesty and gracefulness of same God: and that spirit which dwelt in both, soon behaviour! and, what a princely mind!” Nor were drew them into the closest and most lasting friendship. his attainments like that showy exuberance which ex- One circumstance tended greatly to the formation of cites wonder in youth, but is seen to be very common- this friendship. Luther had begun to study Greek, place in manhood; for even while very young, his with a view of better understanding the Scriptures, treatises were of so substantial a character, that several and he placed himself under the tuition of Melancthon. of them, such as those on Logic, Ethics, and Physics, But for this, or some similar circumstance, engaging were long used as text-books in the German universi- | these two individuals in the same pursuit, with an arties. And three or four years after the time that Eras- dent desire the same great end, it is not probable mus uttered the above-mentioned exclamation, Luther that a man like Melancthon, whose mildness approachsaid of him, “ He is a mere boy and a stripling, if you ed to timidity, should ever have become so intimate consider his age ; but our great man and master, if you with one like Luther, whose boldness was not less akin retiect on the variety of his knowledge, which extends to rashness. From the time of their coming into conto almost every book. He is distinguished not only tact, however, the union effected by the similarity of for his acquaintance with, but for his critical know their scriptural sentiments and Christian principles, was ledge of, both languages; nor is he unskilled in Heh- too powerful to be destroyed by any dissimilarity of rew literature."

natural disposition, and for nearly twenty-eight years, It does not appear to be known at what time Me- even till the death of Luther, they were almost conlancthon first became impressed with the importance of stantly co-operating in the work of the Reformation. divine things. But while yet at Tubingen, Capnio, a Indecision, however, was one of Melancthon's failings; man of profound thongh somewhat fanciful learning, and although he, in the main, agreed with Luther in and a relative of his own, presented him with a small opinion before they met, he did not stand prominently Bible, which he made his constant companion, and il- forward for nearly a year afterwards, as a reformer of lustrated with numerous notes. And, from a discourse the abuses of the Church of Roine. This was upon delivered a few weeks after his arrival at Wittemberg, occasion of the celebrated disputation which took place whither he went to reside after a six years residence at at Leipsic, first between Carlostadt, Professor of Tubingen, one cannot fail to perceive, that he had re- Theology at Wittemberg, and Eckius, Professor of ceived the truth in the love of it. Notwithstanding his Theology at Ingolstadt, and afterwards between Luesteem of human learning, he obviously regarded divine ther and the same Eckius. Melancthon, it is said, truth as the pearl of great price. In speaking of the gave several valuable hints to Carlostadt; however, usefulness of Hebrew and Greek literature to ascertain he took no prominent part in the discussion. But, the meaning of the Word of God, he uses language after the disputation, having given it as his opinion, which shews, that, even at this early period, he was in a letter to a friend, that Eckius bad the worse of deeply imbued both with the spirit of Christianity, and the controversy, and tbis letter having come by some with that great principle of the Reformation, --search chance into the hands of Eckius, that individual pubthe Scriptures. “Whenever we approach the fountains lished a reply, so acrimonious and contemptuous, that of truth," says he, “ we shall begin to grow wise in Melanethon found it necessary to come forward in selfChrist, his commandments will become obvious, and we defence, with a small tract, as remarkable for meekshall be regaled by the blessed nectar of heavenly wis- ness as that of the other was for violence. dom. When we have gathered the clusters amongst the It is related of Melancthon, that “ when he changed vineyards of Engedi," the bridegrooın will come, 'leap- his religious views, he conceived it impossible for others to withstand the evidence of truth in the pub- present in the bread and wine, yet, as far as conscience lic ministry of the Gospel; but after forming a better permits, each party shall manifest a Christian affection acquaintance with human nature, and living to witness to the other, and both shall earnestly implore the dl. the futility of those fond, but ill-founded expectations, mighty God that he would, by his Spirit, lead and esta. which a warm-hearted piety is at first disposed to che-blish us in whatever is the truth.” rish, he remarked, that he found old Adam was to At the second diet of Spires, all farther innovation hard for young Melancthon.".

in religion was interdicted, and the celebration of the After the diet of Worms, in 1520, the Elector Fre- mass commanded ; and accordingly, the reformers had deric, having through his care of Luther, who would no course left but to protest against the decisions of not take sufficient care of himself, shut him up in the the diet, and hence they got the name of Protestants. Castle of Wartenberg, the management of the Reform- This took place on the 19th of April 1529. Melanced Church devolved upon Melancthon; and this trust thon, who was at this diet, was greatly distressed at he fulfilled, by the publication of defences against the the result of it. But the sufferings of this man of attacks of the doctors of the Sorbonne, and also of a God were for his profit. When his friends strove to piece admirably adapted to give to Christians distinct comfort him, he replied, “If I had no anxieties I should views of divine truth, entitled, " Theological Common- lose a powerful incentive to prayer; but when the cares places.' In 1522, those fanatics, called Anabaptists, of life impel to devotion, which is the best means of made their appearance. Their pretensions to inspira- consolation, a religious mind cannot do without them. tion staggered Melancthon ; but his self-distrust hav- Thus trouble compels me to pray, and prayer drives ing led him to apply to Luther for advice, the good away trouble.” sense of that individual led him to reject all such pre- In the year 1530, the diet of Augsburg, at which the tensions, where no divine proof of their reality is pro- Emperor Charles V. was present, was beld. Melancduced. The vanity of Carlostadt, however, subject thon was requested to prepare a statement of the Proed him to the spirit of fanaticism. Luther escaped testant principles, which might be laid before the diet from Wartenberg, being desirous of personally oppos- of Augsburg. He hereupon, though not without many ing the fanatics, and having better opportunities for prayers and tears, drawn forth by his sense of weak. going on with his translation of the Scriptures. Me- ness, prepared the celebrated Augsburg Confession. In lanethon was of great use to him in this latter work. all essential points, except in so far as the sacraments About the years 1524 and 1525, great exertions were are concerned, it agrees with the Thirty-Nine Articles, made by Campeggio, the Popish legate, to bring back and the Confession of Westminster. After the ProMelanctbon to the Romish Church, or, if that were testant Confession was read, a confutation was prefound impossible, to deprive the Reformers of his valu-pared out of the writings of the fathers, and about able assistance. Campeggio first tried him personally, five months afterwards an edict was issued putting but was dismissed, with an appeal “ to all who valued all under the ban of the empire who did not hear the safety of the community, to co-operate in healing mass, pray to the virgin, saints, and images, and observe the wounds of the Church.” Philip, Landgrave of holidays. During the diet Melancthon bad exhibited Hesse, was next employed to use his influence, but much greater firmness than, from his character, might Melancthon bad the happiness of rendering him a de- have been expected, but after its conclusion he became cided supporter of the Reformation. Afterwards, the wily, much depressed. Whilst in this state of depression, he, temporising Erasmus was had recourse to; but Cam- together with “ Luther and other divines, met for the peggio received an answer highly honourable to him purpose of consulting about the proper measures to be who gave it: “ For my part I cannot, with a safe con- adopted in the present exigency, and after having spent science, condemn the sentiments of Luther, however some time in prayer to God, from whom alone they I may be charged with folly or superstition. That could expect adequate assistance, Melancthon was suddoes not weigh with me. But I would oppose them denly called out of the room, from which he retired strenuously, if the Scriptures were on the other under great depression of spirits. He saw, during his side; most certainly, I shall never change my senti- absence, some of the elders of the Reformed Churches, ments, from a regard to HUMAN AUTHORITY, or from with their parishioners and families. Several children the DREAD OF DISGRACE." A year or two after, upon were also brought, hanging at the breast, while others the peace which followed the first diet of Spires, Me- a little older were engaged in prayer. This reminded lancthon having written a Directory for the use of the him of the prophetic language, “Out of the mouth ot Churches, without giving vent in it to that abusive babes and sucklings thou hast ordained strength, because language which the Papists thought natural, it was of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and suspected that he was become lukewarm in the cause of the avenger.” Animated by this interesting scene be the Reformation ; and King Ferdinand tried to gain returned to his friends with a disencumbered mind and him over to the Romish persuasion, by promising him a cheerful countenance. Luther, astonished at this sudany remuneration he should ask; but in this, as in other den change, said, “ What now! what has happened to cases, he shewed, by his conduct, that there is no ne- you, Philip, that you have become so cheerful." "O cessary opposition between Christian moderation and sirs," replied Melancthon, " let us not be discouraged, Christian stedfastness. Indeed, Melancthon would have for I have seen our noble protectors, and such as, I will been an honour to any cause; and his moderation gave venture to say, will prove invincible against every foe!" rise to hopes that he would be brought more easily And pray,” returned Luther, thrilling with surprise than any other of his party to change his sentiments. and pleasure, “ Who and where are these powerti. Accordingly, in the discussion which took place be heroes ?” *Oh!” said Melancthon, “they are the tween the Saxon and Swiss reformers, on the subject wives of our parishioners, and their little children, whose of the real presence in the sacrament, recourse appears prayers I have just witnessed-prayers which I am sarto have been had, by the latter more especially, to Me- isfied our God will hear; for as our heavenly Father, lancthon ; but though they held the truth, it is evident, and the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, has neve: from the reply of Melancthon, that they had put it in despised nor rejected our supplications, we have reaso: such a form, as to make it harsh and disagreeable to to trust that he will not in the present crisis." An: every man of a Christian spirit; for he speaks as one this saying of his might almost be looked upon as prewho felt that, in denying the bodily presence of Christ, phetic, for although the stormy cloud continued to hors they denied his spiritual presence likewise.

over them, it did not burst during the ensuing fifteel said our reformer, though we are not yet agreed years. In that period he received invitations fros: whether the body and blood of Christ be corporeally Francis I. of France, and Henry VIII. of England, tu


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visit their respective kingdoms, but although he wished | many. But for the consolations of religion, these trouto comply, the elector interdicted him. He was also bles would have overpowered him. But troubles comengaged frequently in controversies of a pacificatory ing from without the Church did not render him afraid, nature, with the Papists and Swiss Protestants, which, for he remembered the divine promise that God would like previous ones, were of little or no benefit. His not forsake his people; and as for those arising to him. conduct in these gained for bim the character of great self, from individuals within the Church, he knew his wisdom and Christian meekness, amongst those who innocence of the charges, though he acknowledged he could appreciate his desire of Christian unity, whilst had sinned against God, in attending to the subtle disthat unfeeling host who are ever more ready to judge putations; and when threatened with banishment from others than to judge themselves, calumniated him, sayhis native land, he said, “ I sincerely wish they would ing that he had denied the truth and recanted. But do it quickly, as the Son of God said to Judas. If I that same Christian spirit which led him to act with die there will be a footing for me in heaven; or, if I meekness towards those that erred, also led him to do continue in the body, I shall still be associated with his duty to the Protestant Churches, even though they pious and learned men, either in Germany or elsewhere." reviled him. In one of his discussions with the divines In the diet of Worms, held in 1557, Melancthon had of the Church of Rome, he remarked, that the “ Sacra- his last public conference with the Papists respecting ment had no significance beyond its divinely appointed the rule of faith ; but “his opponents would not allow use, and that Christ was not present for the sake of the him to retire from controversial writing. That same bread, but of the recipient,” (thereby striking a death year, his wife, who had borne him four children, died, blow at the adoration of the host) a sentiment which after a union of thirty-seven years, in the bonds not of 80 delighted Luther, when it was repeated to him, that marriage only, but of the deepest and most Christian be exclaimed, “ Admirable, Philip! thou hast seized from affection. This must have been a sad loss to a man of the Popedom what I should not have dared to attempt. his domestic turn of mind; but he had been weaning On another occasion, being puzzled by a sophism of from the world, and, upon hearing of her death, (for at Eckius bis opponent, he said, I will give you an answer the time he was unavoidably absent from her,)“ he to-morrow. Oh!” said his antagonist, “ there is no only uttered a kind of tender farewell to his beloved inerit nor honour in that, if you cannot answer me im- Catherine, adding, that he expected very soon to folmediately.” To which he replied, in these memorable low her.” words, " My good Doctor, I am not seeking my own "Melancthon survived his beloved partner only about glory in this business, but truth. I say, then, God two years and six months.” During that period, he willing, you shall have an answer to-morrow."

was rapidly ripening for heaven. When any of his In the year 1545 new and increased troubles began Christian friends dropped around him, as many of his to be prepared for the Protestants. The Roman Pontiff early acquaintances were now doing, he would speak in summoned a general council to be held at Trent, and such language as the following :- Let us congratuwhen the Protestants, by the pen of Melancthon, de- late Vitus, now removed to the delightful society of clared against it, the emperor prepared to settle all re- the heavenly Church; and be stimulated by his exligious disputes by force of arms. To add to the trou. ample to prepare for the same journey.” As he felt, bies of the Church at large, and more especially of from his increasing infirmities, that his end was apMelancthon, Martin Luther was removed, by the hand proaching, he wrote down several reasons for desiring of death, on the 18th of February of the following year. to leave this and go to the heavenly world. To the The whole controversy between the Papists and Pro. last he endeavoured to discharge the duties of his protestants had all along, as at the present day, respected fessorship. He lectured on the 12th of April 1560, the authority of Scripture, as the only implicit rule of and would have done so on the 14th, had not his the Christian Church. And the Council of Trent, that friends, unknown to him, taken care to dismiss the stuthis question might be rendered obscure and involved, dents. He had always been remarkably fond of the decreed that the Apocryphal books be received into the young, and attentive to their eternal welfare. The Canon, and the traditions be reekoned of equal autho- following anecdote, in regard to this point, is related of rity with the Scriptures, and the Vulgate be received him:-“ A Frenchman one day found him holding a as the only authentic version ; all who disputed these book in one hand, and rocking his child's cradle with decrees being anathematized. The emperor and the the other. Upon his manifesting considerable surProtestants were now at open war. Maurice, Duke of prise, Melancthon took occasion to converse in so pious Saxony, suffered himself to be bribed by the emperor to and affectionate a manner with his visitor, on the duties invade the Electoral Dominions, though the elector, of parents, and on the regard of heaven for little child. John Frederic, was his nephew. John Frederic was that his astonishment was quickly transformed taken prisoner, and Maurice made elector in his room. into admiration." And the same feeling manifested The war dissolved the University of Wittemberg, for by this anecdote abode with him to the last. In the nearly a twelvemonth. And after its conclusion, the course of the 18th of April, seeing one of his grandemperor commanded that all disputes between Pro- children near him, he said, “ Dear child, I have loved testants and Papists be referred to the Council of Trent. you most affectionately: see that you reverence your In the mean time, an act of uniformity, called the In- parents, and always endeavour to please them, and terim, drawn up by Papists, was endeavoured to be fear God, who will never forsake you. I pray you forced upon the Protestants, and had the effect of driv- may share his constant regard and benediction." On ing upwards of four hundred pastors from their stations. the morning of the 19th, he spoke of his firm confidence In these circumstances Melancthon took up his pen that the reform principles, being true, would prevail, against the Interim, but conceded as much as an adher- adding, “ If God be for us, who can be against us? ence to Scripture permitted, and, on account of his con- In the course of the day, after quoting the passage, cessions, he was accused by many, especially by Flaccus“ Being justified by faith, we have peace with God Illyricus, a man of good talents and much learning, but through our Lord Jesus Christ,” he shewed that he of a violent ternper and an envenomed spirit

, as having was still the same man of peace, exhorting his son-inbetrayed the Gospel liberty, and returned under the law, in the words of David, " Let them curse, but Papal yoke ; and these reports were not only received bless thou;” and, My soul hath dwelt with him that in Germany, but even reached the British Churches. hateth peace. I am for peace, but they are for war.” And to so great a height did the malevolence of Flaccus Upon being asked by his son-in-law if he wanted any and his adherents rise, that they declared they would thing else, he replied, “ Nothing else but heaven," and not leave him a foot of ground to stand upon in Ger- desired that he might not be any farther interrupted.



Soon afterwards he made a similar request, entreating near us again. After this we obliged the children to those around him, who were endeavouring, with offici- leave their books behind, when they had learned their ous kindness, to adjust his clothes, “not to disturb | lesson. For the charity school I got a place fitted up his delightful repose.” He died that same evening; before my study, and caused a box to be fixed on one of the last discernible motion of his countenance being the walls, at the top whereof I set down these words: that which was peculiar to him when deeply affected * For defraying the charges of putting to school poor with religious joy.

children, and providing books and other necessaries for After his death, the public were allowed, for a day them, Anno 1695.' And at the bottom, Prov. xix. 17. and a-half, to inspect bis remains; and, of the multi- . He that hath pity upon the poor, lendeth unto the tudes who availed themselves of the opportunity, none Lord; and that which he hath given will he pay him could avoid shedding tears. “ His remains were placed again.' in a leaden cosin, and deposited close to the body of “ After I had been thus employed for a while about Martin Luther. The crowd of students, citizens, stran- this practice, I saw that all our endeavours upon these gers, and persons of every class who, together with poor vagrants, and even upon such as seemed the most the professors, attended the funeral, was never exceed- hopeful, were very much frustrated, because these good ed on any occasion within the memory of the specta- impressions, which, perhaps, during their stay in the tors."

school were stamped on their mind, were obliterated again whilst they were abroad. This, therefore, made

me resolve to single out some of the children, and to THE ORIGIN OF TIIE ORPHAN HOUSE AT HALLE.

venture upon their maintenance and their education too. ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE DOCTRINE OF

And this was the first occasion that prepared my mind to concert measures for setting up an hospital, even be

fore I knew of any fund whereon to raise my design; “THERE being a very ancient custom in the city and it happening to me, which is usual to persons under neighbourhood of Halle in Germany, that such persons such circumstances as mine were, I mean if one hath as are disposed to make charitable distributions among but courage enough to bestow one groat upon the poor, the poor, do appoint a particular day in which they he afterwards will be as willing to part with a crowdi. order poor people to come to their doors to receive it ; Thus the first foundation of our hospital was laid, neiI willingly, says professor Franck, fell in with this ther upon any settled fund for this purpose, nor upon coinmendable custom, so soon as I came to be settled at any sure promise of great persons and their assistance, Glaucha, as minister of that place; and withal I thought as hath been since reported by some, and conjectured fii to give them some wholesome instructions, tending by others, but entirely upon the providence and fatherly to the good of their souls, being grieved at the gross blessing of our great God, who is able to do exceeding ignorance of this sort of people, which is one great cause abundantly above all that we can either ask or think;' of that wicked and dissolute sort of life, to which the and this made me not to scruple the truth and certainty generality of them abandon themselves. I therefore of things not seen. Such of the orphans as seemed the ordered the poor people to come every Thursday to my most promising, I put out to persons of known integrity house, and told them that now, for the future, both and piety, to be educated by them, because we had poor spiritual and temporal provision was designed for them. children brought together before we had built an house This exercise was begun about the beginning of the to receive them. In the mean time the Lord inclined year 1694. The number of the poor increasing, I was the heart of a person of quality to lay out the sum of a obliged to try several ways to keep up the work once thousand crowns for the use of the poor, and two otber begun. I caused first an alms-box to be handed about persons supplied us with four hundred crowns, to enevery week to well disposed students, and all such as courage the design on foot, so that we now were able were willing to contribute to so good a work; but this not only to defray the charges of maintaining the orphans, soon proving a burden to some, I laid this quite aside, but to purchase also a house, into which we removed the and fixed a box in my parlour, with these words written twelve orphans (for so many we had now got together over it, 1 John iii. 17. Whoso hath this world's goods, from the persons hitherto entrusted with their care, and and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up bis a student of divinity was appointed for the management bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love thereof, who furnished them with diet, clothes, bedding, of God in hin?' and under it, 2 Cor. ix. 7. “Every and other necessaries, provided them with good schoolman according as he purposeth in his heart, so let him ing, and so proved a father to them. This was begun give; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth in the year 1696, a week before Whitsuntide. a cheerful giver. This was intended for a tacit admo- “ After the children had been a while under this nition to all that came in, to open their hearts towards managernent, and the Lord most visibiy relieved our the poor. This box was put up in the beginning of the wants, a larger project was set on foot, viz., to bring the

hospital to a firmer and more complete settlement, es“ About a quarter of a year after the box was set up pecially since we saw that the number of the children in my house, a certain person put into it, at one time, so far increased that the aforesaid house proved too to the value of eighteen shillings and sixpence English. strait for them. All which excited me more and more When I took this into my bands, I said, in full assurance to attempt the building of an hospital myself, the hiring of faith, “This is now a considerable fund, worthy to of more houses, scattered up and down, being attended be laid out in some important undertaking, wherefore I'll with too many difficulties. The Lord knows we had even take this for the foundation of a charity school.' not so much as would answer the cost of a small coiI did not confer with flesh and blood about this affair, tage, much less such a building as might hold about two knowing well enough that human reason, foreseeing a hundred people. And yet he so strengthened my faith, future want, is too apt to fiy back an by its puzzling and gave me such a presence of mind, that I immediately suggestions, to break even the best ordered and con- resolved to lay the foundation of a new building. In certed measures. So I caused, the same day, as many | the year 1698, July the 5th, the place being surveyed books to be bought as cost eight shillings, and got and adjusted, they began to break ground, which being a student to teach the poor children two hours in a day, finished a few days after, on the 13th of July the fourwho then readily accepted of these new books; but of dation of an hospital was laid, in the name of God twenty-seven distributed among them, four only came However, the Lord had provided so much money as to our hands again, the rest being kept or sold by the enabled us to procure some timber, but as for the buidchildren who went away with them, and never came ing itself, I was now to wait upon God, and from week

Ytar 1695.

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to week to receive at his hand what he would be gra- course was to God through faith. The expenses were ciously pleased to furnish me with, for carrying on the necessary, and I saw not the least provision, nor any same. The building was carried on successfully, and way to procure it. This made me resolve to retire into after such a rate, that in the year 1699, by the 13th of my closet, and to beg the Lord's assistance in so pressing July, that is, within the space of one year, they were a necessity, but I designed first to finish the task I then ready to cover it with the roof, although it did not was about, being employed in dictating something to my escape the froward censures of ill meaning people, it students. Having done with this, and preparing now being sometimes censured on account of its bigness, and for prayer, I received a letter from a merchant, intimatsometimes on account of its beauty and magnificence. ing that he was ordered to pay a thousand crowns to But unto such I used to answer in short, I must needs me for the relief of the hospital. This put me in mind know of what bigness and value the house ought to be, of that saying, Isaiah lxv. 24. 'It shall come to pass, which is necessary to complete my design. But, in the that before they call, I will answer; and while they mean time, I assure you, that when the Lord has finished are yet speaking, I will hear.' Nevertheless I entered this house, he will be as able and rich to provide for the into my closet, but instead of begging and praying, as poor that are to lodge therein, as he was before.' I had designed, I praised and extolled the name of the

"By the foregoing account, any one may see in what Lord, and hope that others, who perhaps may come to manner our hospital was begun, viz., not with a settled read this, will do the like with me. fund laid up before hand, but with an hearty depend- “About Michaelmas 1699, I was in great want again. ance upon the providence of God, to wbich our care for In a fair day I took a walk, and viewing the most a future supply was faithfully committed, after it had glorious fabric of the beavens, I found myself remarkcarried us safely through the trials and difficulties of one ably strengthened in faith, by the gracious operation of day. From whence any understanding man may easily the Spirit of God, and these and the like thoughts were gather, that the management of this business must have suggested to my mind, ‘How excellent a thing it is for been now and then attended with many extraordinary any one, though deprived of all outward helps, and hayperplexities, which shall now be exemplified in some ing nothing to depend on but an interest in the living

Before Easter 1696, I found the provision God, the Creator of heaven and earth, to put his trust G.

for the poor so far exhausted that I did not know where in him alone, and not despond in extreme poverty.' to get any thing towards defraying the charges of the Now, though I well knew that the very same day I ensuing week, (which happened before I had been used | wanted money, yet I found myself not cast down ; just to such awakening trials.) But God was pleased to as I came home, the steward addressing himself to me, relieve our want by an unexpected help; he inclined said, 'Is there any money brought in ?' for it being the beart of a person (who it was, where residing, or Saturday, he was to pay the workmen employed in the of what sex, the Lord knoweth,) to pay down one building of the hospital. To this I answered, “No, thousand crowns for the relief of the poor, and this sum but I believe in God.' Scarce was the word out of my was delivered to me in such a time when our provision mouth when I was told a student desired to speak to was brought even to the last crumb. The Lord. me, who then brought me thirty crowns from a person whose work this was, be praised for ever, and reward whose name he would not discover. Hereupon I asked this benefactor with his blessings a thousand-fold ! the steward, 'How much he wanted at present?' He

" At another time all provision was gone, when the said, “Thirty crowns.' I replied, 'Here they are, but steward declared there was a necessity of buying some do ye want any more?' No, says he. And so we were cattle to furnish the table, and of providing twenty or supplied in that very moment we wanted some relief, thirty bushels of flour to be laid up, besides other ne- and even with that very sum that was required, which cessaries, as wood, wool, &c., if we would manage our rendered the providence of God the more conspicuous. business to the best advantage. Under these pressing Another time all our provision was spent. Then circumstances I found one comfort, which was a pre- it fell out, that in addressing myself to the Lord, I found sence of mind in prayer, joined with a confident de myself deeply affected with the fourth petition of the pendance upou the Lord, who heareth the very cry of Lord's prayer, “Give us this day our daily bread ;' and the young ravens. When prayer was over, I heard some- my thoughts were fixed in a more particular manner body knock at the door, which, when I opened, there upon the words, “This day,' because on the very same was an acquaintance of mine holding in his hand a letter day we greatly wanted it. While I was yet praying, and a parcel of money wrapt up, which he presented to a friend of mine brought four hundred crowns for the me, and I found therein fifty crowns, sent a great way relief of the poor, and then I perceived the reason why for the relief of our poor.

I had found such a sweet savour in that expression, " In the year 1699, about February, I found myself. This day,' and praised the Lord, at whose disposal are under great straits, and indeed it was an hour of proba- all things. Another time I fell into the deepest poverty, tion, All our provision being spent, and the daily ne- and, what was more, I was urged by the importunity cessity of the poor calling for large supplies, that divine of most that were about me, calling for a supply to their saying made deep impression upon me, Seek first the pressing necessity. But having cast my eye upon the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these Lord, I answered them plainly tbus: Now ye come things shall be added unto you;' banishing temporal all to seek money of me, but I know of another benecares, and turning the whole bent of my soul upon a factor to go to,' (meaning the Lord.) The word was close union with God. When I was now laying out scarce out of my mouth, when a friend, who was then the last of the money, I said in my thoughts, • Lord, just come off a journey, cast privately fourteen ducats look upon my necessity!' Then going out of my cham- into my hands, which proved a fresh instance of the ber to repair to the college, where I was to attend my endearing providence of God. Another time I stood public lecture, I unexpectedly found a student in my in need of a great sum of money, insomuch that a hunhouse, that waited for my coming out, and presented dred crowns would not have served the turn, and yet I me the sum of seventy crowns, sent by some friends to saw not the least appearance how I might be supplied support the hospital, from a place above two hundred with a hundred groats. The steward came and set English miles distant. And thus the Lord carried me forth the want we were in. I bid biin to come again through these trials, that neither the frame of my mind after dinner, and I resolved to put up my prayers to the was discomposed within, nor our want discovered by Lord for his assistance. When he came again after any token without. Soon after this, there was want dinner, I was still in the same want, and so appointed again in every corner. The steward brought his book, him to come in the evening. In the mean time a friend and desired me to defray the weekly charges. My re- of mine came to see me, and with him I joined in prayer,

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