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to godliness, brotherly-kindness; and to brotherly- are to watch carefully your whole conduct, in all kindness, charity ;" “ Beware, lest ye, being led your intercourse with others, that it may accord in away by the error of the wicked, fall from your all things with the law of God, which is holy, and own stedfastness; but grow in grace, and in the just, and good. You are to watch carefully against knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.” the various temptations to which you may be ex
The season of conversion is a most important posed, and which might draw you from the path period, when a sinner is turned from darkness to which leads to heaven. You are to seek earnestly light, and from the power of Satan unto God; and constantly, that the grace of Christ may be when a person, who was formerly in a state of made sufficient for you, and that his strength may condemnation, is brought into a saving state,—who be made perfect in your weakness, and that thus formerly lay under the wrath of God, is brought you may be found without spot and blameless, at to the enjoyment of his favour. But much re- his appearing. You are to “work out your salvamains to be done after this, before the Christian tion,” by a diligent and persevering use of all these obtain the actual possession and enjoyment of means of grace, which God has appointed, and eternal life in heaven. He has, perhaps, many which he usually blesses to his people for bringing years of his pilgrimage to pass in this world, and them to heaven at last; such as reading the Word during all that period, he will find many remaining of God, hearing a preached gospel, attending the corruptions in his heart, which he has to war table of the Lord, frequent and serious meditation against
, and labour to subdue ; many temptations on the reality and importance of spiritual and to resist and overcome ; many difficulties to sur- eternal objects, and especially, fervent and persemount; many dangers to pass through; many vering prayer and supplication. Prayer is the enemies to encounter; many graces to cultivate, great instrument for keeping the power of reliimprove and strengthen, and much advancement to gion alive in the soul, and where it is diligently make in holiness, both of heart and life, that he and fervently performed, true religion will not fail may be meet for the inheritance of the saints in to prosper; but where it is neglected, or gone light. It is a work full of difficulty, and which about with coldness and indifference, nothing good will require all possible exertion, for he has to will long be found. The true servants of God strive not only with external hindrances and diffi- being found in such a course, “ shall flourish like culties, but with the perverse, evil, untoward dis- the palm-tree, and grow like a cedar in Lebanon ; positions of his own heart. He is like one swim- they shall bring forth fruit even in old ming against a stream, who may make progress by still be flourishing." steady and persevering exertion, but will inevitably But what are these to do, and what can they be carried down, if he indulges in relaxing his efforts. do, who are still in their sins, and under the
You, then, who are already genuine Christians, wrath of God, in order to be brought into a state and in a state of favour with God, are to work of salvation ? In answering this inquiry, it will out your final happiness and salvation, by unre- be found suitable to divide them into two classes, mitted labour, care, diligence, and unceasing at the first consisting of those who are void of all tention to the things which belong to your peace. thought, and care, and feeling about this matter. It It is a most glorious object you have before you, is idle to examine what such persons can do, in even eternal happiness. The attainment of it may working out their salvation, for it is certain they be difficult, but it is not impossible, for it is God will do nothing while they continue in that state who worketh in you, “ both to will, and to do of of mind. To exhort them, therefore, to work his good pleasure," and having the promise of this out their salvation, is vain. The way in which aid, you may cheerfully engage in the work to they must be dealt with, when they will give us which
you are called. In working out your salva- a hearing, is to set before them such truths as tion, you are to set a constant guard on your heart, may be expected, through the blessing of God, to for out of it are the issues of life, and God says to awaken and stir them up to some concern about every one of his children, “ My Son, give me thy salvation. They must be reminded of the cerbeart;" you are to watch it, as in the sight of an all- tainty of death ; that there is a God of infinite seeing, infinitely holy God, and give all diligence, holiness and justice, whom they have all their that the love of God may habitually reign in it; life long been opposing and neglecting, before that your faith in Christ
be strong and lively; whom they must appear to be judged for every that no evil temper or disposition be indulged, and deed done in the body; that they have souls that that it never become the habitation of vain, sinful, shall never die ; that the wicked, and all who earthly, corrupt, sensual imaginations, thoughts despise or neglect Christ and his salvation, shall and desires, but that it be habitually holy and be turned into hell, and that the revolving ages pure, a spiritual temple, a habitation of God of eternity shall never bring their misery to a through the Spirit. You are to set a guard on close. If such considerations as these do not your lips, and to take care that your conversation bring them to a serious concern about salvation, be always with
grace, seasoned with salt ; that no they must be left to their doom, to perish in their filthiness, nor foolish talking, nothing dishonour- obstinacy and impenitence, unless divine grace ing to God, nothing corrupting or injurious to shall interpose and awaken them to a sense of mankind, nothing but that which is good to the their situation, and stir up in them a desire to use of edifying, proceed from your mouth. You escape the wrath to come.
The second class consists of such as feel some the perseverance of the saints be fully admitted, desire, more or less, after this object ; and them it may be observed, that few, if any, are at all we would exhort to labour with all their might, times so absolutely certain of their being truly that they may be brought into a saving state. saints, as to banish all fears and apprehensions on Labour that you may obtain true faith and genuine this ground. The marks of real saintship are, in repentance, pardon of sin, a renewed nature, true many cases, attended with some degree of obsculove to God and to holiness, peace with God, a rity, and they who possess these marks most cleartitle to the heavenly inheritance, and a meetness ly, have yet also many things which may be confor it. Without supposing that you are able to sidered as marks of a contrary nature, and these work yourself into a saving state by your own may be sufficient at least to excite anxiety, and powers without divine aid, yet there is still much concern, and care, and labour, lest they fall short that you can do in the use of means, and this at last. On this are grounded the Scripture er you are bound, both from duty and interest, dili- hortations, “ Let us therefore fear, lest, a progently to do; and while you are doing what you mise being left us of entering into his rest, any can in the use of appointed means, you may hope of you should seem to come short of it.” Heb. that He who has brought you thus far, will per- iv. 1. “ Let us labour, therefore, to enter into fect that which concerneth you, and not forsake that rest, lest any man fall after the same examthe work of his own hands. Supposing that ple of unbelief ;” ver. 11. “ Looking diligently, God alone can bring you into a state of salvation, lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any you can at least wait on him, and cry to him, root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and “ Turn thou me, and I shall be turned, for thou thereby many be defiled.” Heb. xii. 15. * Take art the Lord my God”_" Create in me a clean heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living me.” In doing this, you have no reason to fear a God.” Heb. iii. 12. “ Let us have grace, wheredisappointment; for it is declared by unchange - by we may serve God acceptably with reverence able truth, “ That they who wait on the Lord and godly fear: For our God is a consuming shall renew their strength; they shall mount up fire.” Heb. xii. 28, 29. “ Wherefore, let hin with wings as eagles ; they shall run, and not be that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall." weary, they shall walk and not faint.” It is at 1 Cor. x. 12. once commanded and promised, “ Wait on the But though there should be no fear of the final Lord: be of good courage, and he shall strengthen issue, there are evils wliich may befal Christians thine heart; wait, I say, on the Lord.” The ex- by the way, more than sufficient to cause them to perience of the Psalmist, Ps. xl. 1-3, amply con- o work out their salvation with fear and trembling." firms the truth of all this. “I waited patiently They need to fear and tremble lest they fall into for the Lord, and he inclined unto me, and heard a course of general backsliding; lest, like the my cry. He brought me up also out of an horrible Ephesian Church, as mentioned in the Revelations, pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a they lose the warmth of their first love; and lest, rock, and established my goings: And he hath put like the Church of Laodicea, they become lukea new song in my mouth, even praise unto our God: warm, neither cold nor hot, an object of disgust many shall seeit and fear, and shall trust in the Lord.” and loathing to the Redeemer. In such a state,
We now proceed to advert to the circum- they will not only be displeasing to their God and stance of “ fear and trembling,” with which the Saviour, but they will lose all the comforts of reapostle directs us to work out our own salvation. ligion. This, however, is not all that Christians There is a degree of “ fear and trembling" which have to fear and tremble for. They need to fear incapacitates for successful exertion, but it may and tremble lest they fall into some gross sin, or be safely affirmed that it is not this which is re- foul blot, which may be very highly dishonouring to quired. There is, in fact, no reason for it; for God; bring great reproach on religion ; give roon however unfit we may be for working out our sal- for its enemies to triumph, and to blaspheme tbat vation, and however awful a failure may be, the holy name by which they are called; be a cause of Christian may work courageously, knowing that bitter remorse, anguish, and degradation to thera he has an almighty helper, through whose pro- while they live, and greatly destroy their usefulness mised grace and strength he is sure of success. in the world. The most distinguished saint is But there is also a degree of fear which produces exposed to this danger. Noah falling into drunkencare, and caution, and circumspection, and atten- ness, so soon after he had experienced so great a detion to every circumstance that may either endan- liverance from the waters of the flood; David fall. ger or ensure success. This is the fear with which ing into adultery and murder, after God had seatwe are called upon to work out our own salva- ed him on the throne; Peter denying the Lord tion, and this fear is most salutary. This part who bought him; are proofs sufficient to carry conof the exhortation is applicable both to those who viction to every heart, that fear and trembling are are already in a state of favour with God, and to necessary and salutary while working out our salthose who are only seeking to be brought into vation, however eminent any of us may be for rethat state. They who are in a state of favour ligious attainments, and give abundant ground for with God, need to work with “ fear and tremb- the caution, “Let him that thinketh he stande:h ling,” lest at last they come short. For though take heed lest he fall."
As to those who are under concern about reli- | progress in this race, some victory in this warfare, n. gion, but have not yet attained to what they con- till, at the close of your days, you shall be able,
sider as a state of acceptance with God, fear and through the faith of the Son of God, and the grace trembling are still more necessary in them, while of his spirit
, to say, with the holy apostle, “ I working out their salvation. When the hardness, have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, deceitfulness, and desperate wickedness of the I have kept the faith; henceforth there is laid up heart is considered, they have reason to fear and for me a crown of glory, which God, the righteous tremble.“ Can the Ethiopian change his skin, Judge, will give me at that day.” or the leopard his spots,” is a question which may well alarm those who have been long accustomed DESCRIPTION OF EASTERN HOUSES, to do evil, and their own experience of resolutions
For the following interesting account, we are inand failures will only tend to confirm the alarm.
debted to Dr Shaw:It is true, they may always be assured that God can change their hearts; but when they consider in Barbary and the Levant, seems to have continued
“ The general method of building," says he, “ both how much they have provoked him and abused the same, from the earliest ages, without the least al. kis patience; how often he has called, and they teration or improvement. Large doors, spacious chamhave refused to hear; how long he has striven bers, marble pavements, cloistered courts, with foun. with them by his Word, and Providence, and Spirit, tains sometimes playing in the midst, are certainly exciting convictions, while they have resisted, they of these climates, where the summer heats are gene
conveniences very well adapted to the circumstances may fear and tremble lest he swear in his wrath rally so intense. 'The jealousy likewise of these peothat he will strive no more with them. When ple is less apt to be alarmed, whilst all the windows they consider how often they have already had open into their respective courts, if we except a latserious thoughts, and allowed them to vanish ; ticed window or balcony wbich sometimes looks into how often they have made some attempts toward the street. It is during the celebration only of some the attainment of salvation, and then given them Zeenab, as they call a public festival, that these houses
and their latticed windows and balconies are left open, op; how often they have had some promising ap
For this being a time of great liberty, revelling, and pearances of goodness, which,“ like the morning extravagance, each family is ambitious of adorning cloud and early dew,” have passed away; they may both the inside and the outside of their houses with tremble lest, in the just judgment of God, they
their richest furniture : wbilst crowds of both sexes, should be left to go on through life in the same
dressed out in their best apparel, and laying aside all fruitless attempts, and die as they have lived, un
modesty and restraint, go in and out where they please. converted. When they consider how they use the painting her face, and tiring ber head, and looking out
The account we have, 2 Kings ix, 30., of Jezebel's means of grace, how destitute of fervour and ear
at a window, upon Jehu's public entrance into Jeznestness their prayers are; what defects attend reel, gives us a lively idea of an eastern lady at one of their reading and hearing, they have cause to fear these Zeenahs, or solemnities. that God, so far from granting his salvation to
“ The streets of these cities, the better to shade such endeavours, will be provoked to spurn with them from the sun, are usually narrow, with sometimes
a range of shops on each side. If from these we enindignation those who are so little in earnest.
ter into one of the principal houses, we shall first pass These things, however, are set before you, not through a porch or gateway, with benches on each side, to lead any to despair, or even to excite despond- where the master of the family receives visits and disa ency, but to rouse every one, if possible, to that patches business; few persons, not even the nearest anxious solicitude about this most important of all relations, having a further admission, except upon exohjects, which shall lead to the most strenuous and traordinary occasions. From hence we are received unremitted exertions. Surely there is reason for weather, is, according to the ability of the owner,
into the court or quadrangle, which lying open to the fear and trembling, considering the infinite im- paved with marble, or such materials as will immediateportance of the object “salvation, and that if you ly carry off the water into the common sewers. There die without having it secured, it is totally and for is something very analogous betwixt this open space erer lost. There is reason for fear and trembling, in these buildings, and the Impluvium or Cava Ædium considering your own weakness, depravity, your
of the Romans, both of them being alike exposed to
When averseness from good, and proneness to evil
, with much people are to be admitted, as upon the celebra
the weather, and giving light to the house. the innumerable snares and temptations with which tion of a marriage, the circumcising of a child, or ocyou are constantly surrounded. But you may take casions of a like nature, the company is rarely or never courage to labour with all your might, since you received into the chambers. The court is the usual know that it is “ God who worketh in you.” place of their reception, which is strewed accordingly
with mats and carpets for their more commodious enneed not despond, since you know that the Almighty s on your side, and has promised you his aid. Go allotted for the reception of large companies, being
tertainment. Now, as this part of the house is always on, therefore, and labour courageously and persever- also called El Woost, the middle of the house, litecly in this work. It is not only a work which re- rally answering to the midst of Luke v. 19, it is
uires labour, but persevering labour, while you are probable, that the place, where our Saviour and the o this world. It is a race which you must continue apostles were frequently accustomed to give their ino run while life remains. It is a warfare, in which structions, might have been in the like situation, i. e., ou must continue fighting, till the last enemy,
in the area, or quadrangle of one of this kind of houses.
“In the summer season, and upon all occasions eath, be destroyed. Let every day you live, when a large company is to be received, this court is nerefore, bring some addition to this work, some commonly sheltered from the heat or inclemency of the
weather by a velum umbrella, or veil, which, being ex- in the lintel, while the other falls into a cavity of the panded upon ropes from one side of the parapet wall like fashion in the threshold.
The stone door, so to the other, may be folded or unfolded at pleasure. much admired and taken notice of by Mr Maundrell
, ir The Psalmist seems to allude either to the tents of his description of the Royal Sepulchres at Jerusalem, the Bedouins, or to some covering of this kind, in is exactly of this fashion, and very common in most that beautiful expression, of spreading out the heavens places. like a veil, or curtain.
“I do not remember to have observed the staircase “ The court is for the most part surrounded with a conducted along the outside of the house; neither, incloister, as the Cava Ædium of the Romans was with deed, will the contiguity and relation, which these a peristyllium, or colonnade; over which, when the houses bear to the street, and to each other, (exclu. house has one or more stories (and I have seen them sive of the supposed privacy of them,) admit of any with two or three) there is a gallery erected, of the such contrivance. However, we may go up or come same dimensions with the cloister, having a balustrade, down them, by the staircase I have described, without or else a piece of carved or latticed work going round entering into any of the offices or apartments, and conabout it, to prevent people from falling from it into the sequently without interfering with the business of the court. From the cloisters and galleries, we are con- house, which will be explanatory enough of Mat. xxiv. ducted into large spacious chambers, of the same length 17, • Let him that is upon the house-top not come with the court, but seldom or never communicating down to take any thing out of the house, provided with one another. One of them frequently serves a the action there recorded requires any such interpretawhole family, particularly when a father indulges his tion. married children to live with him, or when several · The top of the house, which is always flat, is com persons join in the rent of the same house. Fromvered with a strong plaster of terrace; from whence, whence it is, that the cities of these countries, which, in the Frank language, it has attained the name of in general, are much inferior in size to those of The Terrace, a word made use of likewise in several Europe, yet are so exceedingly populous, that great parts of these countries. It is usually surrounded by numbers of people are always swept away by the plague, two walls; the outermost whereof is partly built over or any other contagious distemper. A mixture of fa- the street, partly makes the partition with the contimilies of this kind seems to be spoken of by Maimo- guous houses, being frequently so low that one may nides, as he is quoted by Dr Lightfoot, upon 1 Cor. easily climb over it. The other, which I call the
parapet wall, hangs immediately over the court, “ In houses of better fashion, these chambers are being always breast high, and answers to the word. hung with velvet or damask from the middle of the Deut. xxii. 8, which we render the battlement. Inwall downwards, are covered and adorned with velvet stead of this parapet wall, some terraces are guarde! or damask hangings of white, blue, red, green, or other in the same manner the galleries are, with balustrade
, colours, (Esth. i. 6,) suspended on hooks, or taken only or latticed work; in which fashion, probably
, as down at pleasure; but the upper part is embellished the name seems to import, was the net or lattice
, as with more permanent ornaments, being adorned with we render it, that Abaziah, 2 Kings i. 2, might be the most ingenious wreathings and devices, in stucco carelessly leaning over, when he fell down from ther: and fretwork. The ceiling is generally of wainscot, into the court; for upon these terraces several offee i either very artfully painted, or else thrown into a va- of the family are performed, such as the drying of line riety of pannels, with gilded mouldings and scrolls of and fax, Josh. ii. 6; the preparing of figs and raisins : their Koran intermixed. The prophet Jeremiah, xxii. where likewise they enjoy the cool refreshing breeze 14, exclaims against some of the eastern houses that of the evening, converse with one another, and offer . were ceiled with cedar, and painted with vermilion. their devotions. In the feast of tabernacles hoort, The floors are laid with painted tiles or plaster of ter- were erected upon them, Neh. viii. 16. When one ? race; but as these people make little or no use of these cities is built upon level ground, we can pre chairs, (either sitting cross-legged, or lying at length from one end of it to the other, along the tops of the upon these floors,) they always cover or spread them houses, without coming down into the street. over with carpets, which, for the most part, are of the To most of these houses there is a smaller on richest materials. Along the sides of the wall, or floor, annexed, which sometimes rises one storey higher thi. a range of narrow beds, or mattrasses, is often placed the house; at other times it consists of one or t. upon these carpets; and for their further ease and con- rooms only, and a terrace ; whilst others, that are bui", venience, several damask or velvet bolsters are placed as they frequently are, over the porch or gateway
, have, on these carpets or mattrasses ; indulgences that seem to be alluded to by the stretching themselves upon the conveniences that belong to the house, properly so
if we except the ground-floor, which they bave not, a' couches, and the sewing of pillows to arm holes, as we called. There is a door of communication from then. have it expressed Amos vi. 4, Ezekiel xiii. 18–20. into the gallery of the house, kept open or shut at tiis At one end of each chamber there is a little gallery, discretion of the master of the family'; besides anoth raised three, four, or five feet above the floor, with a door, which opens immediately from a secret star, balustrade in the front of it, with a few steps likewise down into the porch or street, without giving tt leading up to it. Here they place their beds, a situa- least disturbance to the house. These back-boux tion frequently alluded to in the Holy Scriptures. are known by the name of Alee or Oleah, (for the “ The stairs are sometimes
placed in the porch, some house, properly so called, is Daar or beet,) and : times at the entrance into the court. When there is them strangers are usually' lodged and entertained ;
more stories, they are afterwards continued them likewise the men are wont to retire, from ti through one corner or other of the gallery, to the top hurry and noise of their families, to be more at leisza of the house, whither they conduct us through a door, for meditation or diversions ; besides the use they ar that constantly kept shut, to prevent their domestic at other times put to in serving for wardrobes ani animals from daubing the terrace, and thereby spoiling magazines. the water which falls from thence into the cisterns “ The Oleah of the Holy Scriptures being literall below the court. This door, like most others we meet the same appellation, is accordingly so rendered in th with in these countries, is hung not with hinges, but Arabic version. by having the jamb formed at each end into an axle- a structure of :
We may suppose it then to have bee ! tree or pivot ; whereof the uppermost, which is the ber, consequently, that was built by the Shunamite fer longest, is to be received into a correspondent socket | Elisha, whither, as the text instructs us, he retired
at his pleasure, without breaking in upon the private sea, and from one part of the land to another, to hear
atfairs of the family, or being in his turn interrupted the pure and good word of the Lord; and yet, in many ith by them in his devotions; the summer chamber of cases, they could not find it. This made my soul to be
Eglon, which, in the same manner with these, seems cast down within me, for all flesh seemed to have corto have had privy stairs belonging to it, through which rupted their way. Then it occurred, that if Christ Ehud escaped after he had revenged Israel upon the were not to return with a preached Gospel in plenty and king of Moab; the chamber over the gate, whither, purity, we had been the cruel generation who had sent for the greater privacy, king David withdrew himself him away, not from ourselves only, 'but also from posto weep for Absalom; and that upon whose terrace terity. This caused me deeply to lament the prospects
Ahaz, for the same reason, erected his altars, seem to of a rising generation, and earnestly to entreat, that Jede have been structures of the like nature and contri- glory might yet dwell in our land. While I was in this Vance with these Olees.
melancholy state, I had occasion to hear Mr James · The eastern method of building may further assist | Renwick, who dropped a word to those who were sorus, in accounting for the particular structure of the rowful, because the ways of Zion mourned, and none temple or house of Dagon, Judges xvi., and the great went up as formerly to her solemn assemblies. He bade mumber of people that were buried in its ruins, by such take courage, for Christ would yet comfort Zion, pulling down the two principal pillars. We read, verse and return to these lands, in spite of all opposition. He 27, that about “three thousand persons were upon the advanced several arguments, or grounds of hope, to this roof to behold while Samson made sport.' Samson effect. But being perplexed in spirit, I mustered in my must, therefore, have been in a court or area below own breast as many objections as there were grounds of them; consequently, the temple will be of the same hope, and so still strengthened myself in distressing unkind with the ancient temenè, or sacred inclosures, sur- belief. At length he advanced for our encouragement, rounded only in part, or altogether, with some plain or that God had borne it in on the minds of honest ministers cloistered buildings. Several palaces and dawânas, and private Christians, on scaffolds, and at the hour of as they call the courts of justice in those countries, death, and as by an irresistible gale of his Spirit, that are built in this fashion; where, upon their festivals he would yet say concerning this part of Zion, 'Here is and rejoicings, a great quantity of sand is strewed upon my rest, and here I desire to dwell. On this, my disthe area for the pelto-wans or wrestlers to fall upon; couragement vanished, for I persuaded myself that the whilst the roofs of these cloisters are crowded with secret of the Lord is with them that fear him, and that spectators of their strength and agility. I have often God would never suffer the expectation of the poor to been several hundreds of people diverted in this man- fail, especially when he had impressed them with this ner upon the Dey's palace at Algiers, which, like hope at a dying hour, and when their minds were filled many more of the same quality and denomination, has with peace and joy in believing, and some of them goan advanced cloister over against the gate of the pa- ing forth as princes, to enter into the divine presence, lace, Esther v. 1, made in the fashion of a large pent having an abundant entrance ministered to them into house, supported only by one or two contiguous pil- the heavenly kingdom. And now, blessed be his name, iars in the front or else in the centre. In such open who banished my fears, and has since let me see Jerustructures as these, in the midst of their guards or salem a quiet habitation, and glory dwelling in our land, counsellors, are the bashas, cadis, and other great offi- nearly forty years together, there being none of Zion's cers to distribute justice, and transact the public af- enemies now to make us afraid. The Lord has brought fairs of their provinces. Here likewise they have back our captivity like streams in the south, and when tbeir public entertainments, as the lords and others of he did so, we were like men that dreamed. He filled the Philistines had in the house of Dagon. Upon a our mouths with singing, and our hearts with joy; and supposition, therefore, that in the house of Dagon I must say, to his praise, that before the mercy came, there was a cloistered structure of this kind, the pull he remarkably poured down a spirit of prayer on us, and ing down the front or centre pillars only which sup- so prepared our hearts, and bowed down his ear to hear. ported it, would be attended with the like catastrophe And now, after reflection, as well as at the time, I am that happened to the Philistines.”
fully convinced, that he never bade the house of Jacob,
however depressed their circumstances, to seek his face JOHN STEVENSON, AN AYRSHIRE CHRISTIAN OF
in vain, but that it is really good for us, at all times, to
draw near to God. THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY.
“ After it pleased Zion's God to bring back our capNo. II.
tivity, and Presbytery became established in the Church, COMMUNICATED BY THE Rev. DUNCAN MACFARLAN, I bad great difficulty about my joining in communion
with her, and because I thought of our covenants not Minister of Renfrew,
being renewed, and our sad detection not duly censured. In our last paper we furnished some account of the It was difficult for me to determine; and, therefore, I exercises of his mind, in its even conditions, in the sight set apart a day for asking counsel at the Lord. I went of God; but it will now be necessary to extract only to some distance in the fields, that I might have greater such portions of his narrative, as, from the variety of convenience for prayer, and meditation on what I ought - ubject, or altered circumstances of the individual, are to do. Having entreated that God would send forth fitted to interest and instruct general readers :
his light and truth, that they might be guides to me, “ Soon after this, and whilst at Craigdarroch, my and so lead me to his holy hill, that I might go to the spirit was overwhelmed within me, on account of a ris- altar of God, to God my exceeding joy, I consulted ing generation, and for fear of a departing God and my Bible, to see what had been the practice of the glory. I was at this time frequently obliged to retire Church of God in like circumstances, and that under to solitary places, and, with an aching heart and trem- both the Old and New dispensations, and I found, that bling soul, have I bewailed the sad circumstances of under the Old Testament, it had been frequently the posterity, should God be pleased to leave these lands. approven practice of the Church and people of God, to I saw that many faithful shepherds had been banished, bind themselves to him in solemn and national coveome put to death, and that others were still restlessly nants, and that in their covenanting, they bound themursued, so that the Lord's flock seemed scattered, selves against error both in principle and practice, as vandering on the mountains, as on a dark and cloudy we have done by our national and solemn league and lay. This caused such as knew the voice of Christ, covenants, and I am persuaded, that these are always nd would not follow strangers, to wander from sea to binding, not only as containing nothing but what every