the godly! On them Religion shines with bright- As to permanency, here also, the advantage is ness, and shews them the way of life, and guides on the same side. All worldly things, however them in it. It conducts them to the Saviour, valuable they may be while they last, soon come where they rest as under “ the shadow of a great to an end, or are soon transferred to other owners. rock in a weary land.” It hides them in the “ Whose shall these things then be ?” and what secret of his presence,” as in “ a pavilion,” and benefit can they yield beyond the grave ? What allows no plague to come nigh their souls. The was the world to the rich man, when “ in hell he judgments of God may be abroad on the earth, lifted up his eyes, being in torment ? ” And what but they, having their “ hearts stayed on God,” is it to any one, when he has passed away from it are “ kept in perfect peace,” and “no weapon to another state of being ? “ We brought nothing formed against them prospers.” They are washed into this world, and it is certain we can carry noin “ the blood of sprinkling,”--they are sanctified thing out.” To rest on it is to lean on “ a bruised by the Holy Spirit,—they are “ sealed unto sal- reed.” But true Religion provides a more lasting vation.” God is their friend, and what have they reward for all who guide their steps by its directions. to fear? He justifies them, and who can condemn It accompanies them, and secures their safety and them? Such a state of security is of more value happiness through the whole of this life, and does than all worlds. How many are convinced of this, not forsake them even when their last hour arwhen the conviction cannot profit them! When rives. It enters with them into “ the valley of death and eternity draw near, Religion is every the shadow of death," and attends them to the thing-this world nothing.

presence of their Judge, and abides with them, As to happiness, that, too, is to be found only and blesses them through “ the ceaseless ages

of among those who truly serve the Lord. Only eternity.” When the imagination has exerted itthose who are safe can be happy ; but none can self to the utmost bounds of its capacity, it can be safe who serve not God. Hence it is that so form no adequate conception of the interminable many, who have every thing that wealth can com- continuance of those invaluable blessings which mand, are never satisfied. A guilty mind will not Religion is the means of conveying to the godly. let them rest; their conscience, not being “sprink- And yet how many talk of what they term sacriled from dead works,” will not be still ; while fices for Religion !--Sacrifices for Religion! What others are joyous around them, they are often sad, thoughtlessness and impiety does such language and the world has nothing that can cheer them. betray! No man, by devoting himself truly to the Even “ in laughter” their hearts are “ sorrowful,” duties of Religion, ever sacrificed any thing worthy and the end of their “mirth is heaviness of spirit;" of a Christian's regard. He who lives to Christ, so true it is, that guilt and grief are inseparable. loses nothing, and gains every thing that is good But , Religion's “ ways are ways of pleasantness, for him. It is no loss to throw away

useless enand all her paths are peace." Religion has its cumbrances and perishing trifles, and to submit to sorrows, but it has also its joys; and these being some temporary inconveniences, that he may rea" the fruits of the Spirit,” are more excellent than lise the joys which are at God's right hand for all the satisfactions that earthly things can yield. evermore; the crown of glory that never fades; the Religion weans the thoughts and affections from life of bliss that endures for ever. The loss—the such objects and pursuits as “cheat and wound sacrifice—is, not with those who choose “ the the heart," and keeps those, over whom it has ac- good part which shall not be taken away” from quired a guiding power, employed in “ labours of them, but with such as “ care for none of these love" and usefulness, and in the various exercises things," such as only “mind earthly things," of heavenly wisdom that give enjoyment to the things of nought,” that “perish with the using.” soul. It lifts up their minds above the numberless annoyances of this world, and makes them

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF glad under a sense of the “ loving-kindness" of

MRS ANN H. JUDSON. him whose « favour is better than life.”. Having The subject of our present sketch was born of respectpeace with God, through the blood of Jesus, andable parents

, on the 22 December 1789, at Bradford, righteousness wrought in them by the spirit of grace, “ the terrors of the Lord” are to them de- Massachusetts, America. In her earliest years, Miss

Hasseltine was characterised by great activity and enstroyed, and all the glories of salvation are spread out before them. « Blessed are they whose ini-ergy of mind, by indefatigable perseverance in the quities are forgiven, whose sins are covered.” By the acquisition of knowledge. She was educated at the

prosecution of her designs, and by an ardent desire for such considerations as these, their spirits are sustained under all the afflictions that befal them “ in self by the peculiar vigour and cultivation of her intel

academy in her native town, and soon distinguished herthe house of their pilgrimage,” and they are enabled, at last, to leave the world in all the blessed-occupied a very small share of her attention, and it was

lectual powers. Religion, however, appears to have ness of that hope which is “ full of immortality," enough, in her estimation, to secure her eternal happiand to enter on a new course of happiness, the ness, if she abstained from the more obvious and open exquisite nature of which no tongue can tell and no

The frivolous gaieties and follies which occupy heart conceive. What are the « broken cisterns ”

the attention and engross the thoughts on many young of this world, to the fulness of the “ fountain of females, were her chief employment and delight while life," from which the godly draw their delights ?

at the Bradford academy; and for two or three years


I re.

after she entered that institution, she owns that she | whom she had been communing. Nor was her love of seldom, if ever, thought of the salvation of her immor social pleasures diminished, although the complexion of tal soul. This sleep, however, she had afterwards rea

them was completely changed. Even at this late period son to praise God, was not unto' death.” The Lord

I fancy I see her, with strong feeling depicted on her

countenance, inclining over her Bible, rising to place it was found of her, even at an hour when she sought

on the stand, retiring to her chamber, and after a season him not. The first circumstance which led to

saving of prayer, proceeding to visit this and that family, to change in her whole character, is thus described in her speak of him whom her soul loved.'" own words :

In the course of the year 1810, Miss Hasseltine first “ One Sabbath morning, having prepared myself to became acquainted with Mr Judson, who was at that attend public worship, just as I was leaving my toilet, time endeavouring to make arrangements for setting I accidentally took up Hannah More's Strictures on Female Education ; and the first words that caught my

out as a Missionary to the heathen. On the proposal eye, were, • She that liveth in pleasure, is dead while being made, that she should become the wife of one she liveth.' They were written in italics, with marks who was thus desirous of spending his days in preachof admiration ; and they struck me to the heart. I ing the Gospel in a far distant land, she felt, as might stood for a few moments, amazed at the incident, and have been expected, no little embarrassment and perhalf inclined to think, that some invisible ageney had plexity of mind. Her friends were divided in opinion directed my eye to those words. At first I thought I would live a different life, and be more serious and se

as to the propriety of the step, and the more so, as do

female had ever before left America on such an errand. date ; but at last I thought, that the words were not so applicable to me as I first imagined, and resolved to Her feelings on the occasion will be best understood think no more of them.

from the language of hier private Journal :“ In the course of a few months (at the age of fifteen) “ For several weeks past, my mind has been greatly I met with Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress. I read it as agitated. An opportunity has been presented to me, of a Sabbath book, and was much interested in the story. spending my days among the heathen, in attempting to I finished the book on a Sabbath, and it left this im- persuade them to receive the Gospel. Were I conpression on my mind—that Christian, because he all

vinced of its being a call from God, and that it would be hered to the narrow path, was carried safely through more pleasing to bim for me to spend my life in this all his trials, and at last admitted into heaven.

way than in any other, I think I should be willing to solved, from that moment, to begin a religious life; and relinquish every earthly object, and in full view of in order to keep my resolutions, I went to my chanıber dangers and hardships, give myself up to the great work." and prayed for divine assistance. When I had done, I felt pleased with myself, and thought I was in a fair way

At length, after much prayer and anxious considerafor heaven. But I was perplexed to know what it was

tion of the subject, Miss Hasseltine came to the fired to live a religious life, and again had recourse to my

determination of availing herself of the opportunity system of works.

The first step that appeared neces- which was thus presented to her of being peculiarly sary for me to take, was, to refrain from attending par- useful in the cause of Christ. The letter in which Me ties of pleasure, and be reserved and serious in the pre- Judson asks the consent of her father to their union, sence of the other scholars. Accordingly, on Monday indicates high-toned Christian feeling; and, as the biomorning, I went to school, with a determination to keep my resolution, and confident that I should.

I had not

it is alike honourable to the

grapher well remarks, been long in school, before one of the young ladies, an

writer and to the parent." intimate friend of mine, came with a very animated

“ I have now to ask, whether you can consent to part countenance, and told me, that Miss in a neigh- with your daughter early next spring, to see her no more bouring town, was to have a splendid party on new in this world; whether you can consent to her departure year’s day, and that she and I were included in the party for a heathen land, and her subjection to the hardships selected. I coolly replied, that I should not go, though and sufferings of a missionary life: whether you can I did receive an invitation. She seemed surprised, and consent to her exposure to the dangers of the ocean ; to asked me what was the matter. I replied, that I should the fatal influence of the southern climate of India ; to never again attend such a party. I continued of the every kind of want and distress; to degradation, insult

, same opinion during the day, and felt much pleased with persecution, and perhaps a violent death? Can you cousuch a good opportunity of trying myself.”

sent to all this, for the sake of him

who left his beaveli. Soon, however, she relapsed into her former state of ly home, and died for her and for you, for the sake of thoughtlessness and unconcern, and the whole winter perishing, immortal souls, for the sake of Zion, and the

glory of God? Can you consent to all this

, in hope of of 1805 was passed in a giddy round of gay amusements.

soon meeting your daughter in the world of glory, with In the spring of the following year, a partial revival of

a crown of righteousness, brightened by the acclamaReligion took place at Bradford, and she herself began tions of praise which shall redound to her Saviour from to participate in the general interest which was felt in heathens saved, through her means, from eternal woe favour of the subject ; and at length, under the bless- and despair ?" ing of the Spirit, she was led to embrace the offer In a short time the marriage was celebrated, and after of salvation made in the Gospel. The change which due preparations for their voyage to India, Mr and Mrs thus was effected in her sentiments and feelings, was

Judson set sail, along with several other Missionaries not transient and temporary, but permanent as it was

and their wives, on the 6th of February 1812. He pleasing. Religion became, from this period, the busi- reflections on her departure, display a heart of exquisite ness of her life.

sensibility and tenderness, regulated by principles of “ * Redeeming love,' says an intimate friend, ardent and elevated piety. now her theme. One might spend days with her, with- “ Took leave of my friends and native land, and emout bearing any other subject reverted to, The throne | barked on board the brig Caravan, for India

. Hads of grace, too, was her carly and late resort. I have long anticipated the trying scene of parting, that I found known her to spend cold winter evenings in a chamber it more tolerable than I had feared Still my without fire, and return to the family with a solemniry bleeds. O America, my native land, sprend over her countenane, which told ct him with Must. I leave my parents, my sisters and brothers, in

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friends beloved, and all the scenes of my early youth ? | hast come, clothed in thy usual garb, thou wast sent Must I leave thee, Bradford, my dear native town, whereby a kind Father to release his child from toil and pain. I spent the pleasant years of childhood; where I learnt Be still, then, my heart, and know that God has done to lisp the name of my mother ; where my infant mind it. Just and true are thy ways, 0 thou King of saints ! first began to expand; where I entered the field of Who would not fear thee? Who would not love thee ? science; where I learnt the endearments of friendship, The change which had taken place in the views of and tasted of all the happiness this world can afford; | Mr and Mrs Judson, in reference to Baptism, soon led where I learnt also to value Saviour's blood, and to count all things but loss, in comparison with the knows the Baptist Churches in America to take into considerledge of him ? Yes, I must leave you all, for a heathenation, the general subject of missions, and the conseland, an uncongenial clime. Farewell, happy, happy quence was the formation of the “ Baptist General scenes_but never, no, never to be forgotten.'

Convention,” which, as one of its first acts, adopted Mr On the 18th of June, the Missionaries landed at Cal- and Mrs Judson as their Missionaries, leaving it to their cutta, and were welcomed to India by the venerable discretion to choose a field of labour. After much conDr Carey; and, at his invitation, they sailed up the sideration, they resolved on attempting to establish a river next day to Serampore. After they had been mission at Penang, in Prince of Wales' Island. With there about ten days, Messrs Judson and Newell were this view they determined on visiting Madras, expecting

summoned to Calcutta, and to their astonishment, an to obtain a passage thence to Penang. After reaching do order of the government was read to them, requiring Madras, however, they were disappointed in their ex.

them immediately to leave the country and return to pectations. No passage could be procured, and fearing America. At their outset, the Board of Commissioners, lest the government of Bengal should send them to in their native land, had fixed upon the Burman Em- England, they came to the resolution of setting sail for pire as the seat of their mission; and it was only from Rangoon. Thus, by a train of circumstances, under a persuasion of the impracticability of such an under the regulation and all-wise disposal of Him who cantaking, that the Missionaries had renounced the idea not err, they were impelled, contrary to their expectaof attempting it. In these circumstances, they petition- tions and plans, to settle in the Burman Empire. The ed the government for leave to go to the Isle of France. passage to Rangoon was unpleasant and dangerous, but, The request was granted ; but as only two passengers by the blessing of God, they reached it in safety in rould be accommodated in the vessel, Mr and Mrs New- July 1813. cil set sail for that island, while Mr and Mrs Judson Immediately on their arrival at this, the scene of their remained in Calcutta for two months longer. In this future labours, Mr and Mrs Judson commenced the study short interval, an event occurred which, in the over- of the language, and for this purpose they hired an able ruling Providence of God, was productive of most im- and intelligent teacher. But as he did not understand portart results. During the voyage from America to English, the only mode in which they could acquire the India, Mr and Mrs Judson were led to the considera- language, was by pointing to various objects, the names tion of the subject of infant baptism, and the issue of of which the teacher pronounced in Burman. Amid their inquiries was a renunciation of their former opi- all disadvantages, however, they made rapid progress, nions, and a full adoption of the Baptist principles. On and were soon able to converse with the natives with application, accordingly, to the Serainpore Missionaries, tolerable freedom. Mrs Judson gives the following inthey were baptised in Calcutta. This change in their teresting account of her introduction to the viceroy sentiments they considered as likely to dissolve their and his lady :connection with the Board of Commissioners in Ame. “ To-day, for the first time, I have visited the wife rica, and their only hope must rest on the Baptist church of the viceroy. I was introduced to her by a French in that country.

When we tirst lady who has frequently visited her.

arrived at the government house, she was not up, conIn the meantime, the Bengal government were of sequently we had to wait some time. But the interior fended at the stay of the Missionaries in Calcutta, and wives of the viceroy diverted us much by their curiosity, issued a peremptory order for their immediate embark in minutely examining every thing we had on, and by ation on board one of the East India Company's Ships trying on our gloves, bonnets, &c. At last her highbound for England. Mr Judson, however, having as

ness made her appearance, dressed richly in the Burman certained that a ship would sail in two days for the Isle fashion, with a long silver pipe in her mouth, smoking.

At her appearance all the other wives took their seats of France, contrived to procure a passage for himself and

at a respectful distance, and sat in a crouching posture, Luis wife to that island. On their arrival, they expected without speaking. She received me very politely, took to be immediately welcomed by their dear friends, Mr me by the hand, seated me upon a mat, and herself by and Mrs Newell; but scarcely had they reached the She excused herself for not coming in sooner, port, when they received the distressing intelligence saying she was unwell. One of the women brought her that Mrs Newell was dead. The feelings of Mrs Jud

a bunch of flowers, of which she took several and ornamented my cap.

She was very inquisitive whether I -on, on the loss of her early companion and friend, are

had a husband and children, whether I was my husband's thus recorded in her Journal :

first wife—meaning by this, whether I was the highest Have at last arrived in port; but O what news, what among them, supposing that Mr Judson, like the Burdistressing news! Harriet is dead. Harriet, my dear

mans, had many wives; and whether I intended tarry*riend, my earliest associate in the mission, is no more. ing long in the country. O death! thou destroyer of domestic felicity, could not

“ When the viceroy came in, I really trembled; for this wide world afford victims sutficient to satisfy thy I never before beheld such a savage looking creature. cravings, without entering the family of a solitary few, His long robe, and enormous spear, not a little increaswhose comfort and happiness depended much on the ed my dread. He spoke to me, however, very condesociety of each other? Could not this infant mission scendingly, and asked me if I would drink some run or he shielded from thy shafts ? But thou hast only exe- wine. When I arose to go, her highness again took my cuted the commission of a higher power. Though thou hand, told me she was happy to see me, that I must


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come to see her every day. She led me to the door ; | changed, a much longer period elapsed before he could I made my salam, and departed. My only object in again reach Rangoon. Meanwhile, Mrs Judson's mind visiting her was, that if we should get into any difficulty was much harassed, not only on account of the protractwith the Burmans, I could have access to her, when per- ed absence of her husband, but also from an unexpected haps it would not be possible for Mr Judson to have an audience with the viceroy."

change in the conduct of the local magistracy, Her

distress and perplexity are thus described :During the first six months of their residence in Ran

“ Three months of Mr Judson's absence had nearly goon, Mrs Judson's health had been on the decline, and as no medical aid could be procured in the country, she expired, and we had begun to look for lis return, when

a native boat arrived, twelve days from Chittagong, repaired to Madras, where she entirely recovered, so as bringing the distressing intelligence, that neither M to be able after only three month's absence to return to Judson nor the vessel had been heard of at that port. her husband. For three years they continued to labour I should not have given so much credit to this report, alone in a land of strangers, without the comfort of as to have allowed its harassing my feelings, lad i: thinking that they were conferring any direct benefit on not been corroborated by communications from my

friends in Bengal, which arrived just at this time. From the natives. The preparation for their work had been

the circumstance, that the vessel had not reached the not a little interrupted, in the first instance by the ill port of destination, I knew not what conclusion to health of Mrs Judson, and then by the death of their draw. Hope, at times, suggested the idea that the child. At length their hearts were refreshed by the ship's course might have been altered, that she might arrival, in October 1816, of Mr and Mrs Hough, who yet be safe; but despondency more frequently strove to had been sent to assist them in their labours, by the convince me that all was lost. Thus was 1, for for American Baptist Convention.

months, in that agonizing state of suspense, which The prospects of the inission now became brighter. is frequently more oppressive than the most dreaded

certainty. Mr and Mrs Judson had acquired the language,-a gram- “ Two or three days after the arrival of the ahore mar had been prepared,--two tracts were prepared, the intelligence, Mr Hough received an order, couched ia one containing a view of the Christian Religion, of which the most menacing language, to appear immediately at one thousand copies were printed; and the other a the court-house, to give an account of himself. This, catechisin, of which three thousand copies were print

so unlike any message we had ever before received ed. An edition of eight hundred copies of St. Matthew's from government, spread consternation and alarm anong

our teachers, domestics, and adherents; some of whom Gospel, translated by Mr Judson, was commenced.

followed Mr Hough at a distance, and heard the apThe labours of Mrs Judson among the Burman females palling words from some of the peity officers, that a are thus noticed by her in a letter to a friend :

royal order had arrived, for the banishment of all foreign “How interested you would be, could you meet with teachers. As it was late when Mr Hough arrived at my little society of females, on the Sabbath. Interest- the court-house, he was merely ordered to give securily ed, I say-yes, you would be interested, if it was only for his appearance at an early hour on the approacifrom this circumstance, that these poor idolators enjoy ing day, when, to use their own unfeeling language

, the means of grace, and sit under the sound of the Gos. • If he did not tell all the truth relative to his sipel; I have generally fifteen or twenty. They are at- tuation in the country, they would write with his tentive while I read the Scriptures, and endeavour to heart's blood.' teach them about God. One of them told me the other “ Our embarrassments at this period were greatly inday, that she could not think of giving up a Religion which creased by the circumstance, that the viceroy and ta her parents, grand-parents, &c. &c. liad embraced, and mily, who had always been our steady friends, had accepting a new one, of which they had never beard. been recently recalled to Ava ; and the present viceros, I asked ber if she wished to go to hell, because her pro- with whom we bad but a slight acquaintance, had leit genitors had gone there. She replied, if, with all her his family at the capital. Mr Hough was not sufficientofferings and good works on her head (speaking in their ly acquainted with the language, to allow his appealing idion) she must go to hell, then let her go. I told her, in person to the viceroy; and, as it is not customary if she went to hell after having heard of the Saviour, for females to appear at his court in the absence

Ibe her very relations would contribute to torment and up- viceroy's lady, we had nothing before us but the gloomy braid her, for her rejection of that Saviour, of whom prospect of being obliged to submit to all those evils, they had never heard, and that even she herself would in the power of petty officers to inflict, when unprotect. regret her folly when it was too late. If I do, said she, ed by higher authority. I will then cry out to you to be my intercessor with The following days, Friday and Saturday, We your God, who will certainly not refuse you. Another Hough was detained at the court-house, and under the told me that she did believe in Christ, and prayed to him necessity of answering, through an interpreter, the m** every day. I asked her if she also believed in Gaudama, trivial questions; such as, what were the names of las and prayed to him. She replied, she worshipped them parents, how many suits of clothes he had, &c., all both. I have several times had my hopes and expecta- which were written down in the most formal manner tions raised, by the apparent seriousness of several fe- imaginable. The court would not allow his retira males, as Mír Juuson has in regard to several men: but for any refreshment; and this, together with several their goodness was like the morning cloud and early other petty grievances, convinced us that it was their dew, which soon passeth away. Four or five children object to harass and distress us as much as possible ; have comınitted the catechism to memory, and often feeling safe in the idea that circumstances were sui repeat it to each other.”

that we could not appeal to the viceroy." In December 1817, Mr Judson left Rangoon on a In these painful circumstances, Mrs Hough and Mrs visit to Chittagong in Arracan, with the view of bene- Judson appealed to the viceroy, who immediately is ued fitting his health, and of procuring one of the native orders that they should receive no more molestation. Christians residing there, who spoke the Burman lan- | About this time the Cholera began to break out anon guage, to assist him in preaching the Gospel. Ile intend the natives, and the utmost consternation prevailed in ed to be absent only three months, but the vessel being Rangoon. There was also at the same time a report of detained by contrary winds, and its course being entirely ) a war between England and Burmah, and the Engtish

same inanner.

rezsels were hastening to depart. In this state of mat- originally proceeded. The crooked appearance presentters, Mr Hough and his family set off for Bengal, carry another fainiliar illustration of the same property.

ed by a straight rod partly immersed in water, affords ing with them the press and other printing apparatus. Airs Judson at first thought of accompanying them, but

This refraction, or rather refrangibility of light, is

one of its most important qualities; but it is not possi. providentially she still remained at Rangoon, and in a

ble fully to illustrate it without figures and demonstrafew days her mind was set at rest by the safe return of tions, of which the present publication does not admit. her husband. A few weeks after Mr Hough's departure, We may, however, enumerate some of the beneficial his place was happily supplied by the arrival of Messrs effects which it produces. The refraction of the solar Colman and Wheelock from Boston. Thus reinforced, rays in coming through our atmosphere, diffuses more Hr Judson began to think of building a zayat or place uniformly, during the day, the light and heat of the of worship, wbere the Burmans might have an oppor

sun, and it causes, in the evening, our twilight, by

means of which we are enabled to see, cven after thie tunity of hearing the Gospel publicly preached. The

sun has set, and are gradually prepared for the approach place is thus described by Mrs Judson :

of darkness. The refraction of light, when transmitted “ The zayat is situate thirty or forty rods from the through glass, communicates all their value to the specmission-house; and in dimensions, is twenty-seven by tacles, that help the aged eye to read the word of God; eighteen feet. It is raised four feet from the ground, to the telescope, that unfolds the mysteries of the heaand is divided into three parts. The first division is venly orbs, and to the microscope, that opens up the laid entirely open to the road, without doors, windows, wonders of the insect world. And it is the refraction or a partition in the front side, and takes up a third of light in passing through the eye, the most beautiful part of the whole building. It is made of bamboo and of all optical instruments, that enables us to discern the thatch, and is the place where Mr Judson sits all the size and form of the objects around, for without this reday long, and says to the passers by, Ilo! every one fraction, we could only distinguish between light and that thirsteth,' &c. The next, and the middle divi- darkness, and guess at the prevailing colour of the scene sion, is a large airy room, with four doors and four before us. In all this it becomes us to trace the hand windows, opening in opposite directions; made entirely of God, and to mark the wisdom and goodness of our of boards, and is whitewashed, to distinguish it from the Heavenly Father, who adapts the properties of ligłt to other zarats around us.

the nature and condition of man. " In this room, we have public worship in Burman Hitherto we have considered light as a simple subon the Sabbath, and in the middle of which I am now stance, and all its parts as refracted and reflected in the situated at my writing-table, while six of the male scho

This, however, is not the case. The lars are at one end, each with his torch and black board, white light that comes from the sun, or from any other over which he is industriously bending, and emitting the luminous body, is actually made up of seven different curious sounds of the language. The third, and last kinds of light, of different colours, viz., red, orange, yeldivision, is only an entry way, which opens into the gar-low, green, blue, indigo and violet. The method emden, leading to the mission-house.

ployed by Sir Isaac Newton to establish this remarkable In this apartment all the women are seated, with fact, is at once simple and satisfactory. In the window their lights and black boards, much in the same position shutter of a dark room he made a small round hole, and and employment as the men. The black board, on placed behind it a prism, or three sided piece of glass, which all the Burmans learn to read and write, answers so that the beam of light coming in at the hole might the same purpose as our slutes. They are about a yard pass through the prism, and then put a white screen at in length, made black with charcoal and the juice of a a little distance farther back to receive the light. When leaf; and the letters are clearly imprinted with a species the prism was removed, the beam proceeded in a of white stone, a little siinilar to our slate pencils. A straight line to the screen, and formed on it a round lesson is written out on this board, by an instructor ; white spot, but when refracted by the prism, it formed and when the scholar is perfect master of it, it is erased, an oblong image, containing the seven colours before and a new one written.' The Burmans are truly syste- enumerated, the red being the least, and the violet most matic in their elementary instructions, and a scholar is refracted from the original direction of the solar beam. not considered qualified to read without spelling, until By making a hole in the screen opposite any one of le has a perfect knowledge of all the various combina- these colours, so as to allow it alone to pass, and by tions of letters."

letting the colour thus separated fall upon a second To be concluded in our next.

prism, he found that he could not separate it into an

oblong image, or into any other colour. Tience he calCHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY.

led all the seven colours simple, in opposition to white

light, which be called compound. He afterwards No. III.

shewed that these seven colours, when again united, REFRACTION AND COMPOSITION OF LIGHT. produce white. BY THE Rev. James Brodie,

The decomposition of light, which is caused by its

refraction in the atmosphere, is the cause of the beauMinister of Monimail.

tifully varied tints of the sky, which sometimes give Though it is one of the primary properties of light that such a gorgeous appearance to the rising and setting it moves in straight lines, it is nevertheless refracted, sun. To it we also owe the rainbow, the most lovely or bent, when it passes from one transparent substance of all natural phenomena. When the sun shines on a into another of a different density. If, for example, we cloud, the drops of rain refract the rays which fall on trace the course followed by a ray falling on water, we them in an oblique direction, and retlect a portion of tird, that while it is a straight line both before and after them when thus refracted and decomposed. As this it enters the water, there is a bend at the point of en- reflection can only take place at one particular angle, trance.

It is on this principle that the powers of lenses the coloured image assumes a circular form. The coand magnifying glasses depend. Glass being a denser lours are the same as those produced by the prism, the or heavier body than air, the rays of light, on entering red rays forming the outermost, and the riolet the init, are all refracted, and the rounded form of the lens nermost portion of the bow. Sometimes a secondary, gives them an inclination inwards, so that after passing or external bow, much fainter than the other, is obthrough it, they meet in a point, or focus, behind, and served, in which the order of the colours is reversed. then produce an image of the body from which they Light, however, is most frequently decomposed by


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