« VorigeDoorgaan »
what do we owe those clouds, which, while they , second charge, and where he died, at the age of 75, form in some countries an everlasting canopy from after bringing up his numerous offspring as useful memthe heat of a tropical sun, descend in other regions bers of society, upon a very moderate income. The to soften the earth with showers ? To what do Memoir, was noticed at a nearly period of life by a friend
interesting person more immediately the object of this we owe the moisture of which the highest moun- of the family, whose philanthropy and benevolence were tains are full, and the springs of water which manifested towards them in many instances, and parti. support our existence, and the rivers which en- cularly in forwarding the views of young Gellert, who rich the land? We owe all these to the ocean, quired a knowledge of different languages, and of vari
was placed at one of the public schools, where he acwhich, in addition to these advantages, is also one of the principal bonds of union among all the na- | Church, to which he was destined." He soon became
ous branches of learning, so as to qualify him for the tions of the world. Nor are we furnished with convinced of the necessity of great personal exertion, and less memorable proofs of divine wisdom by turning of the importance of accustoming himself to hardship to the earth which we inhabit. The mountains and privations. This, at so early a period, was soon which diversify its surface, affording a much attended with the best effects, and had the most sagreater variety of herbs, of shrubs, and even of lutary influence in forming his character, and in deanimals, than could possibly be found in one uni- veloping those manly and amiable principles for which he
was afterwards distinguished. He always reverted to form plain ; the ches to be found in its bowels; the kindness and zeal of his first teachers with the the quality of the soil, fitted to produce grass for strongest feelings of gratitude. At the age of eleven, cattle and corn for the service of man; the tree, in order to defray his little expenses, he amused himseli providing, by the seed contained in it, for the re- with writing contracts of sale and various legal documents, newal of its existence; the beasts of the field, and at a later period he humorously observed, that his
native city could boast of more of these specimens of providing with unerring instinct, for the purposes his early studies, than the world possessed of his works for which they were formed ; the industry, the of a later date. At thirteen he first shewed his taste order, the regular government, the perfect accuracy for poetry, without either having had the advantages of both of arrangement and of structure, distinguish a liberal education, or having profited by extensive reating the insect by which honey is prepared to ing. He therefore entered on his career with considerable gratify our taste with its sweetness ; these are as
diffidence; and it was not till his second journey to Leipcomplete attestations of divine wisdom, as the zig, that be became more extensively acquainted with order with which the heavenly bodies perform their forth with peculiar lustre. The government schools in
men of taste and learning, and his talents began to shine everlasting rounds. And how can we seriously Saxony were admirably suited to form the young mind for meditate either on the soul or on the body of man, the last polish at a university, and it was at one of those at without feeling ourselves constrained to adore the Meissen where Gellert stored his mind with the Greek wisdom of God? Did we think on the soul as
and Latin languages; perused with avidity the most capable of surveying the ample stores of the earth, celebrated German poets, and where
he lived in intithe sea, and the firmament,-capable of recollecting of constitution began at this period to shew itself. Af.
macy with Gärtner and Rabener. Gellert's weakness the past, of anticipating the future, of discovering ter attending his studies at Meissen for five years, be truths the most profound in every department of returned to his father's roof to prepare himself for the science, and of transmitting the acquisitions it has academy. made to generations yet unborn ; did we think on
While at Leipzig, in 1784, he attended the lectures the comely proportions of the body, on the adap- After the lapse of four years be returned to his fatber,
of Hofmann, Jochern, Christen, Kappen and others. tation of its various parts to the uses for which and at this period he mounted the pulpit as a preacher, they were designed, on the beautiful and amazing in- to assist his parent in his parish duties. struments of hearing and of sight ; did we consider appearance in public (according to his own account of that a slight alteration in the structure of the eye, the circumstance) was rather singular. A neighbour would make every ray of light be felt like devour- had asked him to baptise his child, which, ing fire ; did we reflect that a slight change in
the ceremony, expired. The young pastor was des.
rous of delivering a funeral sermon on the octathe structure of the ear would make
to be interred at twelve like the deafening roar of a cataract, and that o'clock. At eight on the day of the funeral, Gellert a similar change in the nervous system, would began to compose his discourse, and then to draw up make every touch like the stab of a sword; we an epitaph, after which he had to study and prepare would surely join with the Psalmist in saying, himself for an extempore delivery. On commencing “we will praise Thee, O Lord, for we are fearfully session suddenly forsook him, when he was relieved and wonderfully made. O Lord, how manifold from his embarrassment by referring to his notes, which are Thy works in wisdom hast Thou made them fortunately were at hand; his indulgent hearers attriall."
buting his state of mind to sympathy and grief for the loss of the child. He takes occasion, in this instance, to warn
young divines against the consequences of over anxiety CHRISTIAN F. GELLERT. and precipitation; and the circumstance gave his characBy Thomas Brown, Esq.,
ter a stamp of diffidence and timidity, which accompa
nied him through life. From this early period his unasAuthor of the “ Reminiscences of an Old Traveller
suming manners, unaffected piety, and ardent zeal in throughout different parts of Europe.”
disseminating the great and important truths of religion, Christian FurchTEGOTT GELLERT was born at Hay- made a deep impression on his hearers, and tended more nichen in Saxony, in the year 1715, and was one of a fa-and more to increase their esteem
and respect. The immily of thirteen children. His father was pastor of the terest he took in his professional duties, wbich he fol, Church at Haynichen, of which he had long had the lowed up with redoubled ardour, however amiable and
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF
praise worthy in itself, unfortunately tended to under- | time, such as fables, tales, didactic poems, and several mine his constitution, naturally a feeble one, and his treatises in prose, which were much admired, although fine feelings preyed upon a frame of too delicate a tex- they did not altogether escape the pen of criticism. ture to bear up long against the inroads of unwearied This tended only to animate him more and more in the study and intense application.
field of literature; and his fables, in particular, became His circumstances did not at this time admit of his so popular, that the journal could hardly find purchasconfining himself solely to the developement of his own ers, unless furnished with them for the gratification and mind. About 1739, he undertook the education of two improvement of all classes of readers. His natural, unyoung gentlemen, and afterwards an additional number, affected style, his undeviating principles, and his mild and this period he considers to have been the most vigor- philanthropic sentiments gained universal admiration, ous and healthful of his life. Some of his remarks, as well and gave great currency to his early productions. as his mode of living at this time, give us an interesting The excellence of the morals he inculcated on every view of the transcendent qualities of his mind ;—“ A occasion, gave his writings a value which all ranks of glass of Meissner wine," says he, " and a little bread, people knew well how to appreciate, and his self-love retreshed me in the evening, after the fatigues of the was amply gratified by the admiration they excited in day, and I was affected to tears at the blessings I en- and out of Germany. A poor peasant in Saxony once, joyed."
at the commencement of winter, left a cart load of fireHe kept the Lord's day in the strictest manner, and wood at his door, in return for the pleasure be had renever would even put pen to paper but in a case of the ceived from the perusal of his fables, which proved, that most indispensable necessity; and he disapproved send a person can feel and find out beauties in writing withing messages of any kind :-" We pass the Sabbath,” out having studied Aristotle. sad he, “ in too thoughtless a manner, and I am con- About the year 1747, his constitution began to be vinced that a more strict observance of it is indispensa- seriously affected by hypochondria and a sedentary life, bie to our growth in grace and good works. To pass notwithstanding his habitual serenity of mind, and the this day free from worldly care, to try our hearts, to most studied regularity and temperance in his mode of carry our thoughts to heavenly objects, to nourish and living. He took refuge, as usual, in the never failing strengthen ourselves with the great truths of religion, is, consolations of religion, which he was always so ready in fact, the best preparation for our worldly labours to impart to others. In the following year he gave out during the remainder of the week. Forget on this day an enlarged edition of his works, in which he expressed the criting occurrences of life, and dedicate yourselves his deep sense of gratitude for the public patronage of entirely to religion and to heavenly contemplation. Be the first. For seven years he had enjoyed uninterruptgrateful for the blessings of providence, for intercourse edly an intercourse with his most intimate friends in with your friends, and for the tender mercies spread the career of literature. Then they began to disperse. over the face of nature. Pray to God, examine your Zacharias, Gieseke, and Klopstock, had Jeft Leipzig. Leart, its good and evil tendencies, and fortify yourselves C. A. Schmidt was gone to Luneburg, Gartner and in the practice of virtue. God alone is the source of Ebert to Brunswick, Cramer to Crollwitz, and J. A. true happiness. Ask it of him, and be thankful for Schlegel to Pforta ; Rabener remained a few years soal you receive. We are too apt to forget our weak- longer to enjoy the society of his friend. This change ness and our unworthiness, amidst the cares and tumults of scene affected Gellert the more, under the presof life, unless we lay aside a certain time to think of the sure of bodily suffering. About the year 1754 he pubpower and goodness of God, and to acknowledge his lished a kind of anonymous correspondence, in order to greatness and our own insufficiency. These are proper improve the style of epistolary writing, then in fashion. occupations for the Sabbath. It is the day of prayer, and This collection certainly did not possess the vivacity, a day on which there is rest for our souls. Beware of wit, and naiveté of a Sevignè, neither does the German being too confident of the efficacy of your good works. language admit of the indescribable graces of the Be humble, and trust to God alone for mercy and forgive- French; but although the collection was not equally Dess. See how gracious he is, and how dependant you are. well received with his other works, still it possessed For the sacrifice of earthly enjoyments you will feel the sentiments worthy of the pure and unpolluted source imineasurably higher blessings of religion, and receive from whence they emanated. He laboured at this time peace from heaven. Study the Scriptures. Read the with equal zeal in composing his sacred odes and hymns, Serinons of Saurin, Mosheim, Jerusalem, Von Acken, a subject quite congenial to his fine feelings, and which Cramer, Schlegel,' &c., which are edifying to every he pursued with all the ardour which a consciousness Christian.” Such were some of the pious admonitions of its importance inspired. Not relying solely on his of this great and good man!
own judgment in this instance, he sent manuscript copies Gellert was always desirous of being established at to his friends at Leipzig, Copenhagen, Berlin and Leipzig, where he had many friends, and he went there Brunswick, previously to the work being printed, and accordingly in 1741, accompanied by his nephew. He he made such alterations and improvements as they, from Lad then little to depend upon ; but his truly Christian time to time, suggested to him. These poems circulated spirit supported him under every privation. From the over Germany with extraordinary rapidity, and were read time he lost his friend, Hofmann, who died there a few and admired by all classes of persons, even in the Romonths after his arrival, Gellert occupied himself with man Catholic districts, where they formed an exception the private education of some young noblemen, and pro- to the general rule for suppressing the admission of docsecuted with ardour his taste for poetry. His delicate trines emanating from the pen of a Protestant. These constitution, however, did not admit of very extraordi- pious compositions, however agreeable to the feelings nary application to literary pursuits, and he became ex- and principles of the author, were only the fruits of his treinely subject to low spirits. The Latin, the French, leisure hours, his time being principally occupied in but particularly the English language, he studied with forming the minds of the students, and in leading them unabated pleasure, and, in their turns, Cicero, Rollin, to a knowledge of the fine arts, by explaining the rules the Spectator, Quintilian, Horace and Ovid, occupied of poetry, eloquence, and other branches, and particuhis leisure hours. But his main object, at all times, larly by cultivating their taste for literary composition. was the improvement of the heart, by serious devotion Gellert, at this period, was averse to accept of any puband the elevating and sublime contemplation of the na- lic situation requiring extraordinary application and exture and attributes of providence. About a twelve-month ertion, owing to the delicate state of his health; but after his arrival at Leipzig, he wrote several articles for his merit was too universally known and appreciated to a periodical journal in considerable estimation at that remain long unacknowledged, particularly by the go: vernment, who bestowed on him the honourable distinc- Amidst his bodily sufferings and the progress of tion of Lecturer on Philosophy, with a suitable annual disease, which was now making strong inroads on his remuneration, In this situation, in the midst of his delicate frame, his heavenly mind lost none of its se. young hearers, he enjoyed as much happiness as his renity, and he found in gentle exercise, and the consola. bodily sufferings would admit of, conscious, as he was, tions of religion, that peace which passeth understandof possessing their sincere regard and attachment, and of ing. He often walked among the tombstones, meditathis own unwearied exertions to diffuse the blessings of ing on the vicissitudes and changes of our mortal nature, religion, and to widen the boundaries of human know- and on that eternal life which awaits us beyond the ledge.
grave. Every passing object and every passing thought All that art could accomplish was insufficient to tended to strengthen bis confidence and belief in the alleviate, far less to remove, his sufferings. In 1753 transcendent goodness and mercies of God; and while and 1754, he went to Lauchstadt and Carlsbad, but the he was in a manner tottering on the confines of this use of the waters and change of air only afforded him a world, his spirit submitted, with sublime resignation, to slight temporary relief. His feelings, however, were the trials of life, while the rays of divine hope and joy highly gratified by the demonstrations of kindness and were shedding their lustre on his declining years. Enrespect which he experienced at these places from the deavouring to recover strength by a change of air, most distinguished characters in Europe, who, invalids among some friends residing in the country, he was like himself, were anxious for a while to be relieved seized with a fever and violent spasms, which endangerfrom the cares and occupations of active life, and he ed his valuable life. He recovered, however, at this dwells on that period, in his letters to his friends, with time, and returned to Leipzig, to resume his professional unmingled pleasure and delight. He mentions with the studies. strongest emotions the gratitude of those whose child- His fame and usefulness as a public speaker increasren had benefited by his instructions, and gives some ed from day to day, and nearly five hundred often atinstances of this, too interesting to be passed over. tended his lectures. Unwearied in his endeavours to
A nobleman in Silesia wrote to him, offering him a con- promote their moral and religious improvement, he visitsiderable annual allowance, which Gellert, with the most ed them privately, and this kind of easy intercourse tendlaudable disinterestedness, having declined, the same ed more and more to raise him in their estimation. The was paid to his aged mother regularly till the day of her general respect in which he was held, involved him also death. This circumstance was never mentioned by Gellert in an endless correspondence with persons of rank and without a flood of grateful tears. On another occasion, influence in society, who were always anxious to cona young Prussian officer who had frequently read Gel- sult him on matters where the happiness of their fami. lert's works, and felt their blessed effects on his mind, lies was at stake. The particular esteem in which he in forming religious impressions, but had never seen the was held by the Great Frederick (who was by no measis author, had long wished for an opportunity of testifying partial to German philosophers), is well known, and the his gratitude to him. Some business having called the English Ambassador at the Court of Berlin, Mitchell, officer to Leipzig, he got himself introduced to Gellert did him the most important services, perfectly unsoliciton two different occasions. The third interview took ed. The Prince and Princesses of the House of Saxony place when they were alone, and is thus described in a were also unwearied in their attentions, so that, what letter to his friend, Count B.
with the kindness of his friends and the munificence of “ The stranger took advantage of this opportunity. the Court, his wants were liberally supplied, although *Ah !' said he, with a kind of diffident candour, ‘you are he always declined accepting any remuneration beyond not aware of it, I am much, very much your debtor, and what was absolutely necessary for bis appearing in so I beg of you to accept a proof of my gratitude, and ciety in a manner conformable to the character and rank make me no return.' At the same time,” says Gellert, he held in it.
he placed a small packet in my hand. You, Sir, said He was advised by his friends again to try the waters I, my debtor, whom I never saw, and to whom I of Carlsbad, and went there a second time, in 1763. never rendered the least service! Say nothing,' re- He afterwards revisited that place on two or three occa. turned the stranger, you must accept it. You have sions, having derived some little benefit by the waters, improved my heart by your writings, and this happiness and he experienced the same attentions from the distinI would not give in exchange for the whole world. guished individuals he met there which he had done Here, your friend is coming ; don't let me ask you in before. His altered appearance, however, on his return vain ; he shall not see me do my duty towards you.' to Leipzig to resume his public lectures, was a matter
I,” says Gellert, " accepted the donation, and of general sympathy and regret ; his delivery and aspect hardly knew from surprise bow to reply. On return- had the serenity of a calm summer evening, previously ing home, I found the paper contained twenty Louis to the setting of the sun. It is well known with what in
This surprised me more still, but it was the emo- terest he was listened to in the latter years of life, from tions of the beart, not the money (as money does not 1765 to 1769, by the Electoral family and the Court, who penetrate the soul); no--money cannot produce that sen- never ceased to manifest their esteem and regard for sation. No, dear Count, a thought that I had not been him. The Elector sent him a quiet horse to ride upon, altogether useless, illuminated and cheered my heart. It and took every means to preserve so valuable a life; but seemed to call me to renewed exertions, and to inspire me the period of Gellert's dissolution was now fast approach. with new hopes, and urged me not to give way under my ing, and no human art could be of any more service. sufferings. Such was my feeling at the moment, and I was In 1769 he gave the finishing hand to his lectures on deeply affected. I would freely give away the money to public morals, which were afterwards published by bis some worthy man, said I, if it could produce the same friends, Schlegel and Herder. In December 1769, nature sensations. Nothing, thought I, trembling, nothing is so could no longer be supported, and his physical powers trifling as to escape the eye of providence. This cir- were unable to perform their usual functions. Four cumstance has been intended for my happiness. How days before his death, he gave the necessary directions happy! A heart improved. I approached the window about his affairs, with bis usual serenity of mind, surand looked towards Heaven. However, certain feelings rounded by his brother and some friends, and then colought not to be imparted to our best friends. If we ex- lecting all his remaining strength, be raised himself in press them, let us beware that ambition is not the secret his bed, uncovered his hoary bead, and prayed with so spring. In short, dear Count, it was a happy evening much earnestness, with so much humility, with so deep and I cannot be sufficiently grateful to God for a sense of the mercies of God, that those around him
were quite overpowered in thus witnessing the ap
• Numbers dwelt remote,
proaching dissolution of this dying patriarch, this second this very place, only four years ago, the known wishes Jacob, directing his thoughts and views to Heaven. He and example of chiefs of high authority, the daily perdwelt on the great mercies he had enjoyed through life ; suasion of teachers, added to motives of curiosity and on the kind attachment of his friends, for whose wel novelty, could scarce induce a hundred of the inhabi
fare he invoked the God of all mercies; on various pas- tants to give an irregular, careless, and impatient at3 의
sages of the New Testament having a reference to the tendance on the services of the sanctuary! but now, unspeakable goodness of the blessed Redeemer. After
. Like mountain-torrents pouring to the main, two or three days prolongation of a painful existence,
From every glen a living stream came forth ; he expired, on the 13th December 1769.
From every hill in crowds they hastened down,
To worship Him, who deigns in humblest fane, Several monuments were erected to his memory in
On wildest shore, to meet th' upright in heart." to Germany. The most conspicuous is that in the Church “ The scene, as looked on from our ship, in the still.
of St John in Leipzig. It represents, in alabaster, a ness of a brightly-beaming Sabbath morning, was well medallion, with the head of Gellert, crowned with lau- calculated, with its associations, to prepare the mind rel, offered by Religion to Virtue, which appear in the for strong impressions on a nearer view, when the conshape of two female figures, in appropriate attitudes. clusion of our own public worship would allow us to Under the monument is the following inscription :- go on shore. Mr Goodrich had apprised us, that he “ CHRISTIAN FURCHTEGOTT GELLERT.
had found it expedient to hold the services of the Sab" Erected to the memory of this teacher and example bath, usually attended at all the other stations at nine of virtue and religion, by a society of his friends and o'clock in the morning, and at four in the afternoon, contemporaries, eye-witnesses of his merits.—Born, 4th both in the fore-part of the day, that all might have the July 1715.-Died, 13th December 1769."
benefit of two sermons, and still reach their abodes beI have thus endeavoured to give a brief, but, I trust, fore nightfall; for not an uninteresting account of the life of this good man. Such eminent characters, like those brilliant me
And first must traverse many a weary mile,
To reach the altar of the God they love.' teors which occasionally shoot across our little orb, appear but seldom to cheer and console us in our earthly And it was arranged that, on this occasion, the second pilgrimage.
service should be postponed till the officers should be Of all the German writers, Gellert has unquestion when we went on shore; the captain and first lieuten
at liberty to leave the ship. It was near twelve o'clock ably conferred the greatest blessings on his country, by his excellent example, and by the diffusion of his pious ant, the purser, surgeon, several of the midshipmen, and sentiments among the great mass of the people. It is myself
. Though the services had commenced when we impossible, without being versant in the German lan- landed, large numbers were seen circling the doors with guage, and having lived in many parts of Germany, to
out; but, as we afterwards found, only from the imform a conception of the influence his writings have had practicability of obtaining places within. The house is in promoting the peace of families, in rendering the dis
an immense structure, every part of which was filled, positions of individuals more mild and amiable, and except a small area in front of the pulpit, where seats generally, in spreading every kind and friendly feeling in slow and tedious procession, from the difficulty of
were reserved for us, and to which we made our way over the whole domestic circle.
finding a spot to place even our footsteps, without tread
ing on limbs of the people, seated on their feet, as A WORSHIPPING ASSEMBLY AT HIDO, IN THE closely almost as they could be stowed. ISLAND OF HAWAII.
As we entered, Mr Goodrich paused in his sermon
till we should be seated. I ascended the pulpit beside [Extracted from the Rev. Mr Stewart's “Visit to the South Seas." him, from which I had a full view of the congregation. Fisher, Son, & Jackson. London, 1832.)
The suspense of attention in the people was only mo" The scenes of the Sabbath have been such, that a re- mentary, notwithstanding the entire novelty to them of view of them, in my own mind, will not be an abuse of the laced coats and other appendages of naval uniform. sacred time, nor will their perusal give rise to thoughts I can scarce describe the emotions experienced, in and affections unsuited to a day of God.
glancing an eye over the immense number, seated so * At an early hour of the morning, even before we thickly on the matted floor as to seem literally one mass had taken our breakfast on board ship, a single islander of heads, covering an area of more than nine thousand here or there, or a group of three or four, wrapped in square feet. The sight was most striking, and soon their large mantles of various hues, might be seen wind became, not only to myself, but to some of my fellowing their way among the groves fringing the bay on the officers, deeply affecting. east, or descending from the hills and ravine on the “ I have gazed on many worshipping assemblies, and north, towards the chapel ; and by degrees their num- of every variety of character, from those formed of the bers increased, till, in a short time, every path along the high and the princely, with a splendour and pageantry beach, and over the uplands, presented an almost unin- of train befitting the magnificence of the cathedrals in terrupted procession of both sexes, and of every age, all which they bowed, to the humblest ‘two or three' who pressing to the House of God. So few canoes were ever came together at a place where prayer is wont to round the ship yesterday, and the landing-place had be made;'- I have listened with delighted attention to been so little thronged as our boats passed to and fro, some of the highest eloquence the pulpits of America that one might have thought the district but thinly and England of the present day can boast, and have inhabited; but now, such multitudes were seen gather-watched with sympathetic excitement the effect proing from various directions, that the exclamation, 'What duced by it, till all who heard were wrapt into an encrowds of people! what crowds of people !' was heard thusiasm of high-toned feeling, at the sublimity of the from the quarter-deck to the forecastle.
theme presented ;-I have seen tears of conviction and “ Even to myself, it was a sight of surprise ; sur- of penitence flow freely, as if to the breaking of the prise, not at the magnitude of the population, but that heart, under the sterner truths of the Word of God; the object for which they were evidently assembling, and not unfrequently, too, have witnessed, as the anshould bring together so great a multitude.
nunciation of Peace ; be of good cheer, thy sins are my thoughts re-echoed the words, • What crowds of forgiven thee,' has fallen en the soul, smiles of hope people!' remembrances and affections of deep power and joy rapidly take their place ; but it was left for a came over me ; and the silent musings of my heart were, worshipping assembly at Hido, the most obscure corner • What a change what a happy change!' when at of these distant islands, to excite the liveliest emotions
ever experienced, and leave the deepest impressions of “ The simple appearance and every deportment of the extent and unsearchable riches of the Gospel, which that obscure congregation, whom I had once knowi, I have ever known_emotions and impressions derived and at no remote period, only as a set of rude, licensimply from an ocular demonstration of the power of tious, and wild pagans, did more to rivet the conviction the Word of God on untutored man, which is without of the divine origin of the Bible, and of the holy intiua parallel in existing events, if not in the records of his- ences by which it is accompanied to the hearts of men, tory.
than all the arguments, and apologies, and defences of “ The depth of the impression arose from the irre- Christianity, I ever read. sistible conviction, that the Spirit of God was there ; “ Towards evening, Mr Stribling and myself went it could have been nothing else. With the exception again on shore, and remained till late, learning from of the inferior chiefs having charge of the district, and our Missionary friends the most gratifying intelligence. their dependants, of two or three native members of in corroboration of the opinion formed, in the mornithe church and of the mission family, scarce one of the ing, of the state of the people. An entire moral rewhole multitude was in other than the native dress, the formation has taken place in the vicinity of this station. maro and the kihei, the simple garments of their primi- | Though latest established, and long far behind others tive state. In this respect, and in the attitude of sit- | in success and interest, it bids fair now to be not a ting, the assembly was purely pagan, totally unlike those whit behind the very chiefest, in its moral and religious of the Society Islands, already described, as unlike as achievements. Instruction of every kind is eagerly and to one at home. But the breathless silence, the eager universally sought; and only last week, not less than attention, the half-suppressed sigh, the tear, the various ten thousand people were assembled at an examination feelings, sad, peaceful, joyous, discoverable in the faces of schools. The mission-house is daily crowded with of many, all spoke the presence of an invisible but om- earnest inquirers in every right way; evil customs and nipotent power, the power that can alone melt and re- atrocious vices are abandoned ; a strict outward connew the heart of man, even as it alone first brought it formity to good morals observed ; and numbers, it is into existence.
hoped, and confidently believed, have yielded, and “From the thousands present, I might select many are yielding, themselves to all the charities and affer. individuals whose appearance was such as to stamp tions of genuine piety. From many an humble dwellthese impressions indelibly on my heart. The aspect ing, now, of one, at least, I can never forget; and will attempt
• Is daily heard to describe. It was a diminutive woman, shrivelled by
The voice of prayer and praise to Jacob's God;
and many a heart in secret heaves the sigh age till little more of her figure, with an appearance of To Him who hears well-pleased the sigh contrite.' health, was left, than skin and one. The style of her Even in the hut of the child-murderer, features, however, was of the regular and more pleasing
• The father, with his offspring dear, character found among the islanders, with an amiable
Now bends the knee to God, and humbly asks and benignant expression, which, in connection with an That he would bless them with a parent's loveentirely whitened head, exacted from the observer a
With heavenly manna feed their hungry souls,
And on their hearts, as Hermon's dew, descend.' look of kindness in return. Folded in a large mantle of black tapa, she was leaning, when my eyes first fell
THE LOST TRANSGRESSOR. upon her, against a pillar near the pulpit, beside which she was sitting, with her head inclined upwards, and
BY A CLERGYMAN. her eyes fixed upon the preacher. There was not only Some years ago there lived in the south of Scotland a a seriousness, but a deep pensiveness in her whole as- young man of respectable connections, who, besides pok. pect, that rivetted my attention; and as Mr Goodrich sessing superior talents, had received a sound Christian proceeded in his discourse, more than one tear made its education. In his early days he had been strictly conway down her deeply wrinkled cheeks.
scientious in the discharge of filial duty, and the obser“ I had not, in my long absence, so entirely forgot- vance of the common decencies and proprieties of life. ten the native language, as not to understand much that Such, in fact, was the excellence of his character, and was said. After some time, this sentence was uttered: such the extent of his attainments, that he held a very • We are all sinners, but we have a God and Saviour, high place among the young men of the burgh where he who will forgive us our sins, if we ask it of him. It is lived. His parents were proud of their son, and looked our duty to pray for this to God, and he hears the forward to his proving their comfort and their stay in prayers of all who approach him in sincerity. I hap- their declining years. In short, all thought well of pened, at the moment, to look again upon this object ; him, and there appeared to be little danger of any seriher lips moved in the evident and almost audible repe- ous deviation from the paths of rectitude, as he had tition of the sentence. She again repeated it, as if to passed unsullied through the days of heedless youth. be certain that she heard and understood it correctly; The family to which this young person belonged were, and, as she did so, a peaceful smile spread over every believe, decidedly pious, and their acquaintances generally feature, tears gushed rapidly from her eyes, and she bid of the same character. All this led the subject of our her face in the folds of her garment. Could I be de- / remarks into frequent and intimate conversation colceived in the interpretation of this case ? could I be cerning the great and fundamental doctrines of our bolç mistaken in the causes and the nature of those varied Religion, and in consequence of his talents and educa emotions, under the circumstances in which they were tion, he soon acquired a clear comprehension, not merely beheld; and in one, of whom I had never heard, and of the doctrines themselves, but of the mode of defendwhom I had never before seen? No, I could not; and ing them against the various objections which are curif so, what is the language they speak ? they plainly say rent among infidels. Nay, such was his love of arguthat this poor woman, grown grey in the ignorance and ment, that he was accustomed to display his skill in varied degradation of heathenism, by " the lamp let urging the infidel cavils, and so great was his tact and down from heaven,' sees herself to be a sinner, and is talent on these occasions, that it was often difficult for oppressed to sadness under a sense of her guilt. But uneducated persons to make a satisfactory reply, or to she hears of pardon and salvation, freely given, to all blunt or repel his subtle weapons. For a while this who will freely receive ; hears of the glorious liberty dexterity attracted the more notice among his associates, of the Gospel, and of all the rich privileges it confers, as it was clearly understood that he did not hold the even to nigh access and intimate communion with the objections as his own, but merely suggested them for Father of spirits; hears, and believes, and sinks before the purpose of eliciting truth in new forms, and drawing her God in tears of gratitude and of joy.
out of pious minds what, till thus beset, they had