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strongest terms, the happiness they enjoyed when sur. “ Another patient who was visited by severe hodilo rounding the family altar during their days of darkness. disease, as well as mental derangement, seemed to be
“ The foregoing gencral statements might be sufficient happy only when engaged in the service of God. While to prove the benefit which the insane derive from reli- strength remained, he was never absent from the chapel, gious exercises, but a more minute account may perhaps and even after having been confined to bed during the be desired of a field but lately opened through Christ week, the arms of his brethren in affliction supported ian benevolence. To atify such a wish, the following him to the place where prayer was wont to be made. facts may be stated, illustrative of the conduct of the in- When that was found impracticable, the accents of praise, sane in the chapel, and of the effects produced upon them and words of resignation on the bed of death, proclaimby the worship of God. " On one occasion, in the middle of the sermon, a man
in / out on another occasion, after divine service, the cha; lain subject to epilepsy, sunk to the ground in frightful con- was requested to visit an aged woman, one of his hearers, vi:lsions. If any fear was entertained lest others might who had been an inmate of the asylumn for the lengthen. have been excited by the distressing spectacle, it was ed term of twenty years.
Her case had been a bad one. but for a moment; two of his companions, both in On the bed of death, however, she was restored to the general restless and troublesome, voluntarily went to full possession of reason. After joyfully welcoming her the assistance of the superintendent, and removed the visitor, she expressed in the most grateful terms be: unhappy man. Whenever the door was closed, the rest happiness on account of the change that had taken place prepared again to listen with unshaken composure. in the house. * Formerly,' said she, 'the Sabbath was
" At another time, the boys belonging to the Charity the same as any other day, the joyful message of salvaWorkhouse, who lead the singing, stopped short in the tion never reached us; now we have the Word preached first line of the Psalm ; when one of the most hopeless of every Sabbath, and even on the bed of sickness I can the patients immediately raised the tune, discharging in hear the glad tidings of peace.” (Her apartment was the most becoming manner the duties of the precentor; separated from the chapel merely by a thin wooden and, it ought to be added, evidently much to the satisfac- partition.) This interesting individual lived for nearly tion of the congregation. The man in early life had been three weeks after the interview just described. To the a precentor, but his conduct on this occasion was so unlike close of life she manifested the patience and holy conhis general behaviour, that it might have caused astonish-fidence of the dying Christian.. Only once her mind ment, had not instances of equal composure been witness- appeared to be a little disturbed, whether in consequence ed every day. Patients, who, during the week, never re- of a well-known prejudice, or on account of the peculiar main in one position, or even quiet for five minutes at a character of the house, the writer of this article does time, from morning till evening, join, when their Bibles not know, as, without asking any questions, he endesare placed in their hands, in the services of the Sabbath, voured to banish the painful feeling. The circumstane? with a steadiness and reverence, that, but for their ap- alluded to was this : Her situation seemed to cause her pearance and conduct on other occasions, might well some uneasiness, for she expressed a regret that the soul cause doubts of their actual insanity to be entertained. was leaving the body in a state of confinement. In a “ Two sisters were regularly present at worship; the moment, however, she recovered her composure
, and one was intelligent, but easily, or rather at all times ex- exclaimed, how can I complain who have been a great cited; the other was a poor hopeless idiot, conscious of sinner, when I think of the sufferings of my sinless Relittle more than mere existence. The attention of the deemer.' former to the latter, during sermon, was truly affecting; “ The last case which will be mentioned, is that of a she watched every movement of her countenance, seemn- converted Jew. ng to live for her alone. When any remark was made “ The expression of this man's countenance indicated pleasing to her own mind, if a momentary smile met her perpetual grief. His was indeed a broken and, to al inquiring look, she had her reward; the hope of better appearance, a contrite spirit. During divine service, days visited her; and anxious that others should parti- his weeping eyes were constantly fixed upon the preach
. cipate in her joy, her helpless relative was repeatedly er, not a word seemed to escape him. When the words led by the hand, at the close of the service, to the were those of comfort, or declaratory of God's good
, chaplain's desk, with the observations, She is much ness, and of the Saviour's love to fallen man, a smile of better to-day. Do you not think she is more animated ? delight proved the grateful feelings of his heart. When She understood what you were saying. I hope she will any allusion was made, either in the address or prayer, soon be well-as for myself, I am merely stopping here to those from whom he had separated himself, the tear, on her account.
the uplifted countenance and folded bands, testified bow “ Shortly after the introduction of divine service, one much he loved his brethren, his kinsmen, according to of the managers, who had been repeatedly present at wor- the flesh, and how strong his desire was that Israel ship on Sabbath, in order to ascertain how far it was pos- might be saved. To the last, the same affecting tensible to secure the attention of the insane to a lengthen- derness was displayed, until death relieved the brokened address, privately desired a very restless patient to hearted sufferer. write an account of the next sermon. Upon receiving “ Had nothing more been effected by divine service the paper, the chaplain was not a little surprised to find in the asylum, than merely securing, by this means, to that no part of his discourse had escaped the notice of the insane, during a peaceful hour, forgetfulness of their his watchful auditor, whose critique was in every respect sorrows, and, by breaking in upon the monotonous most minute.
round of a solitary life, awakening early recollections, “ About two years ago, a patient expressed himself thus proving to them that they are still united with, and pleased with the view which had been taken of a text, remembered by their fellow-men, the benefit conferred principally on account of the effect which he hoped it upon them would have been great; but the foregoiti would produce upon one whom he described as being in statements will prove that more has been accomplished. a state of despair. The chaplain, it need scarcely be The living are soothed and comforted, the dying have said, lost no time in conversing with the unhappy man been strengthened by the service of God, and the off in presence of the friendly maniac, who listened with expressed desire of many bas been gratified. For, rethe deepest interest to every remark, and endeavoured, peatedly before the service of God was established in in the most affectionate manner, to remove the load the asylum, the patients, upon hearing the tolling of that pressed upon the troubled mind. The object of the bells for public worship, remarked to the matron, his care was soothed, and, it is pleasing to add, tinally how much they felt the want of religious instruction, left the asylum, the child of better hopes.
and with what delight they would have joined the mul.
titude that kept the solemn Holy Day. They now re- fountains of tears. The ground is her bed, she eats the ceive the wished-for religious instruction, and meet in bread of affliction, and drinks the waters of anguish. their solitary mansion to worship Him who is not con- Her voice is hoarse with crying to heaven, and when fined to temples made with men's hands. And highly she cannot speak, she delivers her mind in groans. The do they seem to value the blessed privileges. May the windows of all her senses are shut against vanity. She happy effects produced upon them by divine truth, be bids charity stand the porter at her gates, and she gives the means of directing public attention to the spiritual | the poor bread even while herself is fasting.
She necessities of the insane in general, and dispose those could wash Christ's feet with as many tears as Mary to whose care they are intrusted, to introduce the ser- Magdalen, and, if her estate could reach it, give him a vice of the only Physician of the grieved in spirit into costlier unction. She thinks every man's sin less than similar institutions."
her own, every man's good deeds more. Her com
punctions are unspeakable, and known only to God. CHRISTIAN TREASURY.
She has vowed to give God no rest, till he have Christianity contrasted with Paganism.—The erec
compassion upon her, and seal to her feeling the forgivetion of hospitals and infirmaries for the poor, is one of
ness of her sins. Now mercy comes down like a white the distinguishing ornaments and fruits of Christianity,
and glorious angel, and lights on her bosom. The unknown to the wisdom and humanity of pagan times message which mercy brings to her from the King of Compassionate consideration of the poor formed no part
heaven is, “ I have heard thy prayers, and seen thy of the lessons of pagan philosophy; its genius was too
The Holy Ghost descends as the spirit of arrogant and lofty to stoop to the children of want and comfort, and dries her eyes. Lastly, she is lifted up obscurity. It soared in sublime speculation, wasted its
to heaven, where angels and cherubims sing to her tunes strength in endless subtleties and debates ; but, among
of eternal joy, and God bids immortality set her upon the rewards to which it aspired, it never thought of the throne of glory.-Adams. "the blessedness of him that considereth the poor."
Grounds of Perseverance. Since we stand not, like You might have traversed the Roman empire, in the Adam, upon our own bottom, but are branches of such zenith of its power, from the Euphrates to the Atlantic,
a vine as never withers, members of such a head as without meeting with a single charitable asylum for the never dies, sharers in such a spirit as cleanseth, kcalsiek. Monuments of pride, of ambition, of vindictive eth, and purifieth the heart, partakers of such prowrath, were to be found in abundance ; but not one le- mises as are sealed with the oath of God. Since we gible record of commiseration for the poor. It was re
live not by our own life, but by the life of Christ; are serred for the religion, whose basis is humility, and
not led or sealed by our own spirit, but by the spirit of whose element is devotion, to proclaim, with authority, Christ; do not obtain mercy by our own prayers, but by "Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy.
the intercession of Christ; stand not reconciled unto -ROBERT HALL
God by our own endeavours, but by the propitiation Atonement.—Jesus has “put away sin by the sacrifice wrought by Christ, who loved us when
we were eneof himself,” Heb. ix. 26 ; nor need you fear the penalties mies, and in our blood -- who is both willing and able to of the curse, while you view Christ crucified the object of in us ; to whose office it belongs to take order, that none
save us to the uttermost, and to preserve his own mercies your faith, and make him the only plea for your acceptance before God. Never was justice so magnified be
who are given unto him be lost; undoubtedly that life
of Christ in us, which is thus underpropped, though it fore, nor mercy so conspicuously revealed: had the great Creator de livered up a thousand angels, there
be not privileged from temptation, no, not from backwould not have been a sacrifice nearly equal to that of slidings, yet is an abiding life: he who raised our souls his not even sparing his well-beloved Son, when he
from death, will either preserve our feet from falling, stood as man for men, to bear the vengeance of his
or if we do fall, will heal our backslidings, and will
save us freely.- BISHOP REYNOLDS. wrath. Oh, the justice that demanded such an atonement! Oh the mercy that revealed such a salvation for Every Man in his proper Position. Adversity is the a ruined world! And can sinners hcar of such mercy, more common experience of God's people, because their and resist it? Sinners doomed to die for sins more in faith and grace are too weak and imperfect, to bear the number than the sands on the sea-shore! Oh what severer trials to which prosperity subjects them. This obdurate bearts must those be that can be proof against sphere is too high for the weak Christian to walk such astonishing love, and refuse to yield themselves to in it without becoming dizzy. And though it may be Him who paid so great a price for sinners so worthless true, that the man who, in adversity and destitution of and so vile! I beseech you, by the love of God, you worldly good, can look up and trust in God, is a strong that have never yet been captivated by such grace, no
believer, as we speak, yet, is not his faith stronger by longer to delay, but haste to be the first fruits
unto the much as the faith of that ther man who, while solicita Lord this day in this place; the vilest are welcome ; ed by all the blandishments of worldly success and God help you to come _R. HILL.
enjoyment, suffers not his eye or his heart, for one moThe Picture of Repentance. She is a virgin, fair ment, to turn away from God, the portion of his soul ? and lovely; sorrow might seem to stain her beauty, yet, sphere in’life, will find a very small one to be sufficient
The man, who is conscientiously desirous of filling his indeed, increaseth it. You shall see her ever sitting in the dust, her knees bowing, her hands wringing, her
to occupy him. He who will leave it unoccupied, its
duties undone, its interests uncared for, may enlarge it eyes weeping, her lips praying, her heart beating. She
as he likes, and he will not feel it too much. It is comes out before God, with meat between her teeth, but her soul is humbled with fasting. She is not
from inadequate views of duty, or indifference to disgorgeously attired-sackcloth is her garment. Not that charge it, that many are solicitous to enlarge or to she thinks these outward forms will content God, but elevate their sphere. It evinces a higher sense of duty only are the remonstrances of pure sorrow within. 'And, when men are disposed rather to contract and limit.-H. indeed, at that time, no worldly joy will down, only The Second Coming.-Can we see and feel the pardon and mercy in Jesus Christ. She hangs the Word awful signs of the times crowding around us, and never of God as a jewel at her ear, and binds the yoke of bear the whispering of a yet more awful voice, that Christ as a chain about her neck. Her breast is sore seems to break, more and more distinctly every day, on with the stockes of her own penitent hands, which are
the attentive ear! “ Behold the Bridegroom is coming ! always lifted up to heaven, or beating her own bosom. Watch, therefore, for you know neither the day nor the Sorrow turns her lumina into flumina, her eyes into 1 hour when the will come !"-WHITE,
IT IS GOOD TO BE HERE.
MeThinks it is good to be here,
Nor Elias, nor Moses appear,
Shall we build to Ambition ? Ah! no;
For see! they would pin him below
To Beauty ? Ah! no; she forgets
Nor knows the foul worm that he frets The skin which, but yesterday, fools could adore, For the smoothness it held, or the tint which it wore.
Shall we build to the purple of Pride, The trappings which dizen the proud ?
Alas! they are all laid aside, And here's neither dress nor adornment allowed, But the long winding sheet and the fringe of the shroud.
To Riches ? Alas! 'tis in vain,
The treasures are squander'd again ;
To the Pleasures which mirth can afford,
Ah! here is a plentiful board,
Shall we build to Affection and Love?
Or fled with the spirit above,–
Unto Sorrow ? The dead cannot grieve ;
Which compassion itself could relieve;
Unto Death, to whom monarchs must bow ?
And here there are trophies enow;
The first tabernacle to Hope we will build,
The second to Faith, which ensures it fulfillid; And the third to the Lamb of the great sacrifice, Who bequeath'd us them both when He rose to the skies.
Who hath Believed our Report ?_In a sermon to young men, delivered at the request of the Philadelphia Institute, Dr Bedell said, “I have now been nearly twenty years in the ministry of the Gospel, and I here publicly state to you, that I do not believe I could enumerate three persons, over fifty years of age, whom I have ever heard ask the solemi and ete tous question, What shall I do to be saved?”
A South Sea Islander.--Mr Nott, a missionary in the South Sea Islands, having read on one occasion the third chapter of the Gospel by John to a number of the natives, some of them appeared deeply impressed. When he had finished the 16th verse, one of them, much af. fected, interrupted him, asking, “ What words were those you read ? what sounds were those I heard? Let me hear those words again.” Mr Noit again read the verse, “God so loved," &c., when the poor pagan rose from his seat and said, Is that true ? can that be true? God love the world, when the world not love him! God so loved the world, as to give his Son to die! that man might not die ! can that be true ?” Mr Nott read the verse again, told him it was true, and that it was the message God had sent to them, and that whosoever believeth in him, would not perish, but be happy after death. The overwhelming feelings of the wondering pagan were too powerful for expression or for restraint. At length he burst into tears ; and as these rolled down his dark visage, he withdrew, to meditate in private on the amazing love of God, which had that day touched his soul; and there was every reason to believe, that he was afterwards raised to share the joys of divine peace, the fruit of the love of God shed abroad in his heart.
A Rabbi.- When the late Rev. Claudius Buchanan was travelling in India, he obtained from the Jews in the interior of that country a very singular copy of the translation of the New Testament into Hebrew, made in the sixteenth century. The translator was a learned Rabbi, and the translation is, in general, faithful. The design of the translator was to make an accurate version of the New Testament, for the express purpose of confuting it, and of repelling the arguments of his neiglibours, the Syrian, or St. Thomé, Christians. But behold the providence of God! the translator became himself a convert to Christianity: his own work suba dued his unbelief; and he lived and died in the faith of Christ. This manuscript is now in the public library at Cambridge.
Princess Anne.- When the Princess Anne, daughter of Charles the First, who died the 8th of December, 16-10, lay upon her death-bed, and nature was almost spent, she was requested by one of her attendants to praļ: she said that she was not able to say her long prayer, meaning the Lord's Prayer, but she would say her short one, " Lighten mine eyes,'o Lord, that I sleep not the sleep of death.” The little creature had no sooner pronounced these words, than she expired : she was not quite four years of age.
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CHRISTIAN FROM THE STUDY OF
ON THE ADVANTAGES TO BE DERIVED BY THE science will be injurious, and the study of Scripture
may prove a curse. If we examine the wonders of the material universe while we continue unmindful
of Him who made them, our reasonings may lead BY THE Rev. JAMES BRODIE,
to infidelity or deism; but if we are careful to Minister of Monimail.
trace the hand of God in all his works, we will It is generally allowed in the present day, that rise from the examination of the creature, filled the advancement of education is the best means with admiration of the great Creator. of promoting the happiness of man. The public look up unto the heavens, and consider the moon attention is turned to the erection of schools and and the stars, which God hath ordained, we will, like other seminaries of learning; the labours of the David, exclaim, “ How excellent is thy name in ingenious are employed in facilitating the acquisi- all the earth !” and, “ What is man that thou art tion of knowledge, and the resources of wealth mindful of him!” When, in conformity to our and influence are engaged in promoting the in- Saviour's counsel, we “ behold the lilies of the struction of the young and of the labouring classes field, how they grow,” and “ consider the fowls of of society. And the mind must be dark, that does the air, how they are fed,” by them we will be not approve of the object proposed ; and the heart taught the workings of providence, and learn to must be hard, that does not wish it success. trust in our heavenly Father's care.
While, however, all unite with Solomon in say- But while the acquisition of useful knowledge ing “Wisdom is the principal thing, therefore get is thus beneficial, an acquaintance with the Bible wisdom;" very different opinions are entertained is better far. In it we have subjects more varied, with respect to the kind of knowledge that should more delightful, more exalted ; subjects suited to be disseminated. Some earnestly urge the esta- the weakest powers, yet more than sufficient to blishment of schools in which the various branches exercise the mightiest mind. A knowledge of of human learning may be taught, while religious Gospel truth raises the heart from earth to heaven, education is excluded from their scheme. Others and extends the view from time to eternity. The are zealous for the diffusion of Gospel truth, who Scriptures alone, point out the path of duty and look with suspicion on human learning, and regard the way to peace. They only exhibit Jehovah as the study, more especially, of natural science with he is. The character of God is but dimly shewn
in the works of nature, while all the brightness of There is an error in either extreme, and a few the divine perfections is manifest in the work of observations on the advantages severally resulting Christ. “By the Church is made known” even from these pursuits, may tend by the blessing of " to principalities and powers the manifold wisGod to reconcile the parties, and lead them to dom of God.” He who reads the Word of the te, that “these they ought to have done, and not Lord in humble dependance on the blessing of tave the other undone.”
the Spirit, is thus enabled to know Him,-is necesThe study of science, that is, the examination sarily led to love and adore Him,—and is prepared of the works of nature, is one of the most delight- for seeing Him face to face, and for being made ul employments that can engage our attention. like Him in the world to come. The time will There are in it subjects suited to every peculiarity arrive when human learning shall prove utterly of intellect ; facts, for the observer to discover, vain, when science shall vanish, and the
eleand general laws, for the philosopher to elucidate. ments about which it is conversant shall melt in It lifts the soul above the grovelling pleasures of the flame; but, amid the wreck of worlds, the sense, by giving a taste for higher enjoyments. It Word of God shall remain unchanged, and its folexpands, refines, and elevates the mind.
lowers unmoved. It is true, that when improperly engaged in, the If the advantages resulting from the study of pursuit will not prove beneficial. If knowledge science be contrasted with those that are derived purf up instead of edifying, then the study of from a kuowledge of the Bible, we cannot, for a
moment, hesitate in accounting Religion “the bet- | vigorous energy of Luther's mind was soon apparent. ter part which shall not be taken away." But At the age of twenty, having finished his literary these pursuits should not be contrasted, they onght studies with marked success, he obtained the degree of
Master of Arts; and, more in accordance with the rather to be combined. Creation and redemption
wishes of his parents than his own inclination, he began have one common Author, and the study of the
to prosecute the study of Law. A remarkable prori. one, can never be inconsistent with a regard for dential occurrence, however, at length determined him the other.
to change his profession. The sudden death, whether If science be employed as a handmaid to Reli
by violence or accident is disputed, of an intimate friend
and companion, made a deep impression upon his mind, gion, there is nothing that can afford a more suit
and seems to have thrown him for a time into a state of able preparation for exploring the mysteries of re, melancholy. One day while labouring under this dedemption. By the acquisition of languages, and pression of spirits, he happened, during a walk in the by an acquaintance with general literature, the me- fields, to be overtaken by a violent storm of thunder mory and reflective faculties are improved, the taste and lightning, which so alarmed him, that on the spot is refined, and a relish is given for the sublime and be formed the resolution to withdraw from the world beautiful, so abundantly found in the Word of God. his father, who was a man of strong practical good sense,
and retire into a monastery for life. To this proposal By a knowledge of history and of human charac
was much opposed. “ Take care," said he to the rash ter, we are enabled to value aright the morality determined youth, “ that you are not ensnared by a of the Gospel, and to appreciate its beneficial effects delusion of the devil.” All remonstrances, however, upon society. But the study of science prepares were ineffectual; without delay Martin entered a mous for taking a wider view. By teaching us how nastery at Erfurt.
In vain did Luther attempt to fly from himself, ard to estimate the beauty of harmonious contrivance,
to dissipate amid the endless formalities of the Romisa it shews the grandeur of the Gospel scheme, con
ritual, that feeling of restless inquiry which seems to sidered as a whole ; and by making us acquainted have taken possession of his mind. Under the influence with the workmanship of the great Framer of the of those serious impressions which he had imbibed ununiverse, it carries home the conviction that crea- der his father's roof, he dwelt much in his seclusion on tion and redemption have one common source, and the truths of religion. As yet his views were vague that He alone who contrived the one should have and indistinct; but still, he felt that there was some
thing which was absolutely necessary to be obtained devised the other.
before he could expect deliverance from the gloomy The mere man of taste may be satisfied with fears and forebodings with which he was beset
.. the embellishments of pagan mythology, or popish work of grace, in fact, appears to have begun in his fable; but he who has studied the works of nature soul. He was labouring under a deep-rooted convicscorns their incongruous fancyings. Accustomed tion of his sin, and although he struggled to quiet his to the exercise of that faculty, by which we esti- troubled conscience by the constant observance of the
numerous ceremonies which the Church of Rome demate the adaptation of means to an end, when he manded, all was unavailing; his sadness and alınost contemplates the work of Redemption, he sees desponding melancholy continued to increase rather than in the fitting together of the various parts, the diminish. At length, to seek relief in the sympathy, if manifold wisdom of Him who is wise in counsel. not the advice of another, he resolved to unbosom bis When he traces the developement of the glorious griefs to Staupitz, the vicar-general of that order of scheme, from its origin, in the purpose of eterni- Monks to which he himself belonged. Staupitz, bety, to its final consummation, he discovers new
sides being a man of considerable sagacity, had himelf
been subject to feelings similar to those wbich oppresed beauties as the various dispensations gradually un
the mind of Luther. His reply, accordingly, is some fold, he finds each part full of wisdom and full of what remarkable: "You do not know,” said he,“ how lore, every portion deserving gratitude and praise, useful and necessary this trial may be to you; God while the grandeur of the harmonious whole, and does not thus exercise you for nothing: you will one the extent of God's redeeming grace, as thereby day see, that he will employ you as his servant for great
purposes.” manifested, are seen in that transcendant splen
At this time Luther was ignorant of the Scriptures; dour which passeth all understanding.
but the early instructions of pious parents, aided by a
natural tenderness of conscience, and strong redective THE EARLY DAYS OF MARTIN LUTHER.
powers, led him to entertain more vivid impressions of
divine things than the extent of his knowledge would The life of Luther is so intimately connected with the seem to warrant. He knew enough to lend him to important events of the period in which he lived, that thirst after still further acquaintance with the truth. it is difficult to view the man apart from the Reformer. And at length, in the wise providence of God, bis In the following sketch, however, we are desirous as wishes, in this respect, were most unexpectedly gratimuch as possible, to limit ourselves to the personal fied. In the course of the second year after his adınisa history and experience of this distinguished individual sion into the monastery at Erfurt, he met with a Latin previously to that period when he became conspicuous Bible in the library. This was to him like the openin, in the world as an opponent of the corruptions of the of the eyes to the blind. He perused the Word ei Romish Church.
God for himself, and while poring, with earnest as Martin Luther was born at Eisleben, a small town duity, over the sacred page, ever and anon did he lin in Saxony, on the 10th of November 1483. His pa- up his soul in prayer to the Father of light, that he rents, who appear to have been noted for their industry might be enabled to understand the Scriptures. Nor and integrity, and unostentatious piety, paid peculiar was his prayer unanswered. The light of divine truth attention, not merely to his education at school, but to sbone into his soul with a brightness such as he had his religious training at home; and, accordingly, we never before beheld. His study of the Bible was in find, that through life, Luther retained an affectionate cessant, and under the influence of its refreshing stateremembrance of the home of his early days. The ments, his gloom gave place to a steady cheerfulness,