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tions that are given, at a period when he is neither world's education, the question arises, Ought Re. exam qualified to discover the truth for himself, nor to ligion to be made an exception to that general rule appreciate the grounds of evidence on which it rests. which prescribes the duty of a parent to instruct
Were we asked to survey the social system, and his children?. If so many civil and secnlar advanto name that part of it which most strikingly illus- tages flow from the family arrangement, in consetrates the wisdom and benevolence of God, which
quence of the means thereby afforded for the difis the most widely beneficial in its results, the fusion of common knowledge amongst mankind, most essential to the comfort and happiness of so- shall we suppose that God had no respect, in this ciety, the best guarantee of social order and ad- remarkable arrangement, to the diffusion of relivancement ; we should (notwithstanding the diffi- gious and moral instruction ? On the supposition culty of making a selection, where all is so wise that there is a God, and that man is capable of and perfect) point to the FAMILY ARRANGE- religion, this exception cannot, on any ground, MEN'T,—that admirable device of Omniscient Wis- whether of reason or of expediency, be for one indom, whereby the wants of infant humanity are stant admitted; for this were virtually to affirm, provided for—a practical education in part se- that God has less regard for the diffusion of knowcured—the exercise and consequent expansion of ledge, in proportion as the subject to which it rethe affections promoted that arrangement where- lates is important to mankind. In the Bible, God by each of us was taught a fellow-feeling with our declares that the very end for which the Family kind, and united with society and formed to a Arrangement was devised and established, was, that fitness for it, ere yet we had learned to speak or by means of it, religion might be maintained in the walk-that arrangement which leaves no man a world, and transmitted from father to son for ever solitary recluse, but binds up all nations and kin- “ Did not God make one? Yet had He the residreds in little domestic monarchies, cemented by due of the spirit, and wherefore one? that He in strong natural affections, and governed by paternal might seek a Godly SEED.” (Malachi, ii
. 15.) authority alone--that arrangement which, by con- It was, then, with a view to raise up a Godly ferring power on the parent, and teaching the chil- seed, that the Family Arrangement was formed; dren subjection from their earliest years, makes and as this can only be secured by the religious every house a school of early training for public instruction of youth, it follows that the teaching life—that family arrangement, we regard as one of of religious truth is the first duty of parents-a the masterpieces of Divine Wisdom. Destroy it, duty so fundamental, that it rests on the very end or break down the barriers by which its integrity is for which marriage was ordained. as yet preserved, and you will do more to demoralize, and ultimately to disturb society, than could
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF be effected by any other supposable means. No
BERNARD GILPIN. anarchy would be so dreadful—no devastation so Among the many illustrious names which adorned the universally ruinous, as that which must spring annals of the Church in Britain during the sixteenth
century, that of Bernard Gilpin stands pre-eminente from the disruption or decay of these domestic societies: and valuable as many of our social insti- ligion was so fervent and whose public labours for the
man, whose zeal in the cause of pure and undefiled retutions are our schools, our colleges, our senates, spread of the Gospel were so incessant, extensive, and our municipal and civil institutions, none of successful, as to have procured him the distinguished them all can bear comparison, in point of practical appellation of the Apostle of the North, while his chautility, with the simple and unostentatious arrange
racter exbibited such a bright display of every quality
we are accustomed to esteem in man, and venerate in ment of Providence, by which we are united to
the Christian_his life was such a beautiful portrait of gether in families.
the minister inculcating faith, and the Christian bringHence God takes one of his chosen titles : ing forth the fruits of it in the world, that it deserves “ He is the God of families,”__ of all the fami- to be made familiar to the mind of every reader, as an lies of the earth.” As such he should be acknow- epistle to be known and read of all men. This venerledged, not by individuals merely, but by families able person was born in Westmoreland, of a family of should be God's priest in his own house, as well the year 1517, so remarkable for the birth of the Rein their collective capacity. Every head of a family rank, established for centuries in that county, and disas the instructor and pattern of his children: and formation in Germany. After receiving the elementary kneeling down with his children around him, should principles of education at a provincial school, he was, offer up daily thanks for family mercies, and spread on his parents discovering his strong predilection for out all the family wants at God's footstool. Oh! if retirement and study, removed to the University of that family be peaceful which is knit together by Oxford, in order to prepare himself for entering the strong natural affection, how much is its peace hal- himself principally to the study of Theology, and with lowed and confirmed, when natural affection is such indefatigable zeal and industry did he endeavour strengthened and purified by the benign influence to master the original languages of the Scriptures, anci of Religion! And how consoling to a parent's accomplish himself in all the subsidiary branches that mind must the reflection be, that, although he may learned divine, that he was acknowledged, by ani versal and must be soon removed from among his children on earth, be has committed them as a Family into courted by all who were eminent for rank and litera
consent, to be the first man of his day : his society was the hands of his and their Father in Heaven ! ture--and after being loaded with the highest honours
The family institute being a chief means of the which his own University nad to confer, he was trans
Ksed to the New College, which had been founded by / great concern about them; but Mr Gilpin was so upCardinal Wolsey, and which was supplied, through his right, and discovered such sincerity in bis words and stuence, with the most illustrious men in the kingdom. actions, that it grieved hiin to the heart to see him conTae peaceful course of academic life on which be then tinue in the darkness of prejudice and error ; and he entered, was interrupted by the keen discussions to fervently prayed to God, that he would open the mind whed the spread of the Reformed principles gave rise ; of that honest priest to the knowledge of the truth.” and as be had been bred up in the Romish faith, and The prayer was not ineffectual. Gilpin was so imbad bitherto enjoyed no opportunity of judging of the pressed with the result of this controversy, that he deHy opinions, but from the representations of those who termined not to lose a day till he had entered on a rigid were opposed to them—it is not to be wondered at, that and impartial enquiry into the authorities and proofs by he regarded them with an unfavourable eye, and exerted which the two systems of opinion were supported. By his great intiuence to give the death-blow, to what he sin- daily searching the Scriptures, and fervent solicitations cerely, though ignorantly, considered a pestilential heresy. for direction from the Father of Lights, he soon gained
di an earlier period, he had signalized himself as the such an insight of the truth, that be threw himself into champioa of the established religion, in a public dis- the ranks of the Reformers--and from that moment his pataon with the celebrated Hooper, afterwards Bishop life, with all his powers of body and soul, became a conof Worcester ; and when, during the tolerant reign of stant living sacrifice to the cause and the glory of God. Edward VI, the influx of the persecuted Protestants of Passing over several years, in the course of which he the Continent into England became greater, and the was appointed preacher to the Court-spoke with the
nos encouragement was given to the professors of most intrepid spirit against the reigning vices of the be Reformed faith, insomuch, that many of them were higher orders secured the favour of the famous Cecil, preferred to the highest places and Peter Martyr was afterwards Lord Burleigh, and travelled on the ContiKablished as Divinity Lecturer at Oxford_all eyes nent for a while, to enlarge his acquaintance with the Rewere turned to Gilpin, as the best qualified to contro- formed opinions, we hasten to the most splendid part of yat the deetrines that were so zealously and powerfully his career_his appointment to the rectory of Houghton. taught by this continental divine and his associates. The le-Spring. In order to understand the nature of his advorates of Popery saw, with the utmost anxiety, that situation, it is necessary to observe, that he returned ta the wbole University were carried away by the eloquent England, after the accession of Mary to the throned-courses of the new teacher of theology--and that that he was perfectly aware of the persecuting measures un.es some immediate and decisive steps were taken, it which had been adopted by the Court against all who would be lost to their cause for ever--and, accordingly, embraced the reformed opinions, and that he had come they went, from day to day, with the most urgent soli- to his native country, not knowing the things that were citations, to Gilpin, to come forward in the defence of to befal him there, but determined to suffer all things the common faith, and vindicate it from the attacks that in defence of what he had embraced, and believed to be threatened the stability and existence of the established the cause of truth. The charge of Houghton-le-Spring. fan of worship. But Gilpin's mind, though not con- too, was just the situation for a man possessed of the viseed, had been greatly staggered, by his former dis- spirit and energies of Gilpin. Lying in the most northern cissions with Hooper, as to many of the tenets and part of England, its remoteness had exempted it from practices of the Church ; and when he at length yielded the influence of the Act of Uniformity, passed in the
the pressing demands of his friends, to engage in a days of Edward, establishing the new religion. The pablie controversy with Martyr, it was less in the cha- ancient superstition continued there in all its force, and water of a partisan, than of one who was desirous of acquired fresh vigour, from the known attachment of segrering on which side the truth lay. No sooner was Mary to that faith ; and when it is added that the cha, leis deteraination known, than the curiosity of the pub- racter of the population was debased by the grossest Ge wound up to the highest pitch-the friends of ignorance,--that the institutions of law were little if at both parties made the most assiduous and extensive all respected,- that as to personal security, every one Preparations, and long before the hour of meeting, the was the avenger of his own quarrel, and as to property, crea ball of the College was crowded by an immense
“ The good old rule
Sufficcth them : the simple plan, brong of people, divided in sentiment, and each confi
That they should take who have the power, dent of the success of his cause, from the powers of the
And they should keep who can;" Nespective champions. It was a deeply interesting and some idea may be formed of the Herculean labours shema meeting. Martyr began the proceedings of the of the man who undertook to reclaim such a lawless day, by stating at length the opinions of the Reformers people to order, religion, and virtue. A mind less ferca the various points of Christian doctrine and duty- vent and resolute than Gilpin's would have shrunk from ad by showing that the prevailing notions on these sub- the task, but it was exactly such a post as was requisite
es were destitute alike of support from Scripture and for the development of resources and zeal like his. He ze writings of the Fathers. Gilpin listened with the had not been long, however, in the discharge of his imDit profound attention to his long and learned dis- portant duties in this place, when the success of his erurse; and when at length it came to his own turn to labours, and the severe invectives he threw out against rate part in the debate, he rose with the utmost solem- the supine and ignorant priests around, gave rise to a sty, and in the midst of an assembly, who waited in formidable conspiracy against him; and as his enemies breathless expectation, to hear him enter on an indig- conceived, that if he were accused before Tonstall, the Eant ad overwhelming refutation of his adversary, he Bishop of Durham, who was his relative, and through detared himself so struck with the force of Martyr's whom he had obtained his appointment, that prudent rezsoning, and with a comparison of the weakness of his and mild ecclesiastic would find means of screening him OWL arguments with those of the Reformer, that he from their vengeance, they resolved to appeal to Bonner, Lad nothing to reply, and abruptly gave up the contest, the Bishop of London, whose fiery zeal in the Popish by declaring his resolution never again to engage in the cause promised him a useful instrument for the accomcontroversy, till be had obtained all the information of plishment of their designs; and that prelate, entering riiek be was desirous, and well sifted the arguments into their views, warmly applauding their zeal for the on both sides of the question. Such an honourable ac- Church, and promising to bring the offender to the stake knowledgment betokened a mind that was a sincere in a fortnight, summoned Gilpin to repair to London lover of truth and Peter Martyr, contrasting it with without delay, to answer to an impeachment, consisting the conduct of the rest of his opponents, remarked, of thirteen articles, the chief of which was, that he * That they were such hot-headed zealots, he had no preached repentance and salvation hy Christ, instead of insisting on the important topics of transubstantiation, to his hospitable door in vain, he was in the habit of purgatory, holy water, images, and prayers to the Saints. making every Sabbath, after divine service, a day of This intelligence did not surprise him, as he had long public entertainment, especially from Michaelmas till been preparing to honour the Truth, whether by his life Easter, during which season be expected all his paror his death; and, accordingly, having called an old and ishioners and their families in succession, and took care faithful servant, he told that kind domestic of the stra- always to guide the conversation into agreeable and tagem of his enemies; that he had been accused before edifying discourse. Such public-spirited conduct, tothe Bishop of London, from whose sanguinary and re-gether with the extensive scale on which his hospitalentless temper he had nothing to hope ; bade him pre-lity was displayed, extended his fame far and wide, inpare without delay a long garment, in which he might de- somuch, that Houghton-le-Spring became the resort of cently appear at the stake, and then with the utmost all classes, each to see and to hear the Apostle of the composure, awaited the arrival of the messengers who North. were sent to apprehend and convey him to the capital, Among others who waited on Gilpin at his resi. where neither he nor his enemies anticipated any thing dence, was the famous Lord Burleigh, Secretary to but a premature and violent death.
Queen Elizabeth, who being on his return from ScotThe cause of truth and righteousness, however, land, whither he had gone on matters of state, could was yet to derive much important service from the not resist the opportunity of paying his respects to labours of Gilpin,—and it is singular by what un- the pious pastor of Houghton-le-Spring. The call expected means Providence often accomplishes his pur- was so sudden, that Gilpin had no notice of the inposes, and preserves the lives of useful and holy men. tended honour, till the arrival of the statesman was It was a favourite saying of the subject of this Me- announced; but the economy of such an establishmoir, that “nothing ever happens but what is for our ment was not disturbed, even by the presence of so ilgood.” During his journey to London he met with lustrious a personage, as the Prime Minister of England an accident which fractured his leg,—and to those —the daily routine of the household was observed, who tauntingly asked him, whether he imagined this without the least alteration—and the noble guest was misfortune was for his good, he firmly replied “that he so struck with the polite and hospitable reception he met believed it would prove so.” The event answered - with the vast crowds that composed the household of his expectations, for before he was able to resume Gilpin—with the perfect order, simplicity of manners, his journey, Queen Mary having died, her sister, and virtuous habits, that characterised the various orElizabeth, ascended the throne,-a stop was put to ders of the people ; and, above all, with the dignithe reign of terror and persecution, the cause of fied, enlightened, and truly Christian character of the the Reformation triumphed, and Gilpin, among others, owner, that he could not help lingering on an eminence was left to the full exercise of his judgment, and that commanded the last parting view of Houghton-leto the prosecution of all his contemplated plans of Spring, and comparing the turmoil and agitation of his usefulness among the benighted, degraded, and tur- own political career, with the peace and happiness of bulent people over whom he had received the over- that envied spot, exclaimed, “ There is the enjoyment of sicht. With a mind fully alive to the magnitude and life, indeed! Who can blame such a man for refusing a dilficulties of his undertaking, but supported by an un- bishopric? What can he want to make him happier, or wavering faith in the promise of divine assistance, he more useful to mankind ?" set himself to the task of converting that moral desert But the sphere of his ministrations was not limited to into a fruitful field, and he brought to it a zeal that the bounds of his parish—the whole of the northern parts would achieve every thing that was not impossible, of England were then inhabited by a people sunk in the and which, ardent though it was, was uniformly kept most deplorable ignorance, and totally without the means under the direction of the most enlightened Christian of religious instruction. Over these wild and neglected principle. Wisely concluding that he never would make districts, Gilpin made it a rule to travel once every year ; any impression upon a rude, grovelling, and immoral and in every town and village, when he could collect race, until he had convinced them that he had their an audience, did he labour to inculcate the grand doc. good at heart, his first object was to conciliate their trines of the gospel, to expose the danger and misery of affections, and this he soon accomplished by the affability vice, and impress on their minds the idea of a future and condescension of his manners. Retaining the na- judgment. The fatigue incident to these travels, was tive dignity of his character, and never forgetful of the the least of the difficulties that lay in the way of his gravity that became his profession, he mingled in every apostolic labours. For, in every part of those extensociety, and became a partner in all the innocent pas- sive regions, but particularly in the Debateable Landtimes and recreations of the age. He was the promoter which, lying on the Borders, was alternately possessed Ly of every improvement in the domestic and social condi- | the Scotch and English, and was the common theatre tion of his people—was the patron of the arts—the en- on which strife was constantly maintained by the two courager of industry—the physician and lawyer, as well nations-it was dangerous for any person to go alone, as the spiritual guide of the people. In short, he was and without escort. Plunder and bloodshed were the continually among them—seemed to live only for their order of the day—the utmost vigilance was often ineffergood—and though his great reputation procured him tual to secure one's person and property from the attacks many offers of the highest preferment, he modestly, but of the assassin and the thief; and to displease, or quarrel steadily, declined them--the sole object of his ambition with a single individual, was sufficient to rouse hundreds being to bring under the power of Christianity, and to arms, as the avengers of his cause. Into a country, so consequently of civilisation, the wild and neglected dis- dreadfully disorganized, few or none had ever entered trict where Providence had placed him. To effect with the embassy of Peace. But Gilpin had long dithese objects, he was not only instant in season and out rected his benevolent views towards its stern and ferocof season in expounding and enforcing the truth as it is ous possessors, and at a fit time he entered and traversed in Jesus, but his patrimonial estate, together with the it, preaching the glad tidings of salvation, with a income derived from his rectory, were almost wholly cess that surpassed his most sanguine expectations. expended on useful and charitable objects. His genero- Every year was this indefatigable servant of Christ seen sity, indeed, was the admiration of the whole country. climbing the steeps, and penetrating the glens of this Forty bushels of corn, twenty of malt, and a whole ox, wilderness, for the lonely cottages of the inhabitants ; with a proportionable quantity of other provisions, were and although, for so toilsome and dangerous an expedithe usual consumpt of his family in a fortnight; and tion, the mildest season of the year might seem desirewhile the poor and the way-faring man never appealed | able, yet, as he knew that the people tbere were most
et Exee and unemployed at Christmas, he left the com- world, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating twts of his own mansion at that inclement season, and one another.” tarelled over the mountainous regions of Westmoreland, Likesdale, and Northumberland, stopping in every
REMARKS ON PSALM CXVIII. aner, and almost in every hut, to tell the people of
BY THE Rev. R. S. CANDLISH, A.M., the way by which they must be saved. Many and severe were the privations to which he was subjected du
Minister of St George's Parish, Edinburgh. ring these excursions. Sometimes being in total want of This Psalm is a song of triumph, a lyrical poem or saprornions,—more frequently, owing to the want of roads
cred ode, celebrating some great deliverance or victory 2nd tõe distance of places, being overtaken by night, achieved; and it bears the form of a drainatic scene or without the shelter of a roof. On those occasions, his Labi: vas to cause the single attendant that accompa- dialogue, different personages being introduced as takLed bin to ride about with the horses, while he him- ing part in its sacred strains of praise and thanksgiving. self, tracing a small circle, walked about on foot, and Of these the chief and most important naturally is the kept the vital warmth, till the dawn directed his bene- illustrious conqueror himself, who, as the hero of the roleit footsteps on some fresh errand of mercy. Nor
scene, takes the lead in the high pomp of worship. He was le altogether free from difficulties, even after he is represented as going up in solemn and majestic state band reached an inhabited place, and got a multitude assealed to bear the Gospel from bis lips. That wild
to the temple, there to acknowledge the recent and people
, who alınost constantly breathed the atmosphere signal interposition of the Lord on behalf of himself foscord, and were some of them thirsting for the blood and his people. A crowd of grateful followers swell of their neighbours, would sometimes burst into feuds his train, exulting in his triumph and their own. At im Eis very presence, and it required the exercise of all
the gates of the temple, he is received and welcomed Lis judgment and Christian fortitude to keep the peace by the officiating Levites and the Priests, and within between the contending parties. One remarkable instance of this occurred during a prolonged stay at Roth- the temple is heard the voice of prayer and benedic. bury a village, situated at the rise of the river Coquet. tion. According to this arrangement, the Psalm when Among those who repaired to the ministrations of Gil sung in the public service of the Jewish Church, would pil, here two pers.ns, between whom there existed a probably be distributed among the different bands or dadiy tead. For some time they viewed each other in companies of their full choir, some sustaining the chasullen silence; but happening one day to be seated close
racter of the prince and his attendants, others personatw each other, they became mutually so enraged, that in the middle of the service, the preacher was suddenly ing the ministering functionaries of the temple. stoped by the din of arms; and rushing between the
Part FIRST. ona batants, at the imminent hazard of his own life, re
The procession advances slowly up the hill towards constrated with them in such strong terms, on their
the Temple. el trazeous, criminal, antichristian behaviour, that he succeeded in restoring them to peace and harmony so
The conqueror speaks alone, reciting the details of Ez as he remained among them. On another occasion, his victory, his attendants occasionally joining in to ex. he peræived, as he entered the place of public worship, a press their glad assent. wie suspended on the wall, which was the customary Ver. 1. The general company in the conqueror's made in those days of giving a challenge. He stepped train ; freward, tore it down in presence of the congregation,
“ O give thanks unto the Lord; for he is good : be. a mnade it the burden of his discourse, to show his
cause his mercy endureth for ever.” aukjence how much at variance all such practices were wth the mild and forgiving spirit of the Gospel.
Ver. 2. The common people in his train ; It would occupy a volume to particularize all the me- " Let Israel now say, that his mercy endureth for Ecrable instances of Gilpin's zeal, or to enumerate all his
ever.” ks of usefulness within his parish and without, dur
Ver. 3. The priests in his train ; 12 a long and most laborious life. Nor was its close “ Let the house of Aaron now say, that his mercy As characteristic than his better days had been, of a endureth for ever.” atind wholly bent on doing good. When he felt his inErnities accumulating, and that he was near his end, he
Ver. 4. The whole company again united; crdered himself to be carried to a suitable apartment,
“ Let them now that fear the Lord say, that his r all the various classes of his parishioners to be
mercy endureth for ever.” resght to him to receive his parting blessing and advice. Ver. 5–8. The conqueror alone ; The rich and the poor, the young and the old, came in I called upon the Lord in distress : the Lord an. Faession into the presence of their dying pastor, who swered me, and set me in a large place. mered a short prayer suitable to the circumstances of “ The Lord is on my side; I will not fear: what pesh; and after he had thus seen the faces of almost all can man do unto me? is rel-known flock, recollecting the names of some who “ The Lord taketh my part with them that help me : bol pri profited by his ministry, he sent for them also, therefore shall I see my desire upon them that and tryed them, with all the solemnity of a dying man, hate me. an’ with all the influence which his venerable character
“ It is better to trust in the Lord than to put confiwould command, to abandon the paths of folly and sin, dence in man.” 251 attend to the things that belonged to their peace. Tho lived and died Bernard Gilpin, whose zeal for the
Ver. 9. The followers assenting; s dry of his Master, and the salvation of men, was infe
“ Yes, it is better to trust in the Lord than to put ** to that of none since the days of the apostles, and
confidence in princes." the fruits of whose indefatigable missionary labours
Ver. 10–15. The conqueror alone; Here visible long after in the districts which were the * All nations compassed me about: but in the name score of them, in the high tone of morals, the social of the Lord will I destroy them. kappiness and the establishment of order, propriety, “ They compassed me about; yea, they compassed ad virtue among a people, who, before he went among me about : but in the name of the Lord I will Der introducing the Gospel, were “ without God in the destroy them.
“ They compassed me about like bees; they are sy, and with all the accompanying majesty, all the pony
quenched as the fire of thorns: for in the name and circumstance of the Jewish ritual ; now the sweet of the Lord will I destroy them.
ness of a single tone, faintly yet clearly heard, and again “ Thou hast thrust sore at me, that I might fall :
the mingled melody of a thousand voices, echoing loud but the Lord helped me. “ The Lord is my strength and song, and is become through all the compass of the Temple’s vast and gor my salvation.
geous magnificence. Now, though it may no “ The voice of rejoicing and salvation is in the ta- easy to ascertain on what particular occasion this Psalır
bernacles of the righteous: the right hand of the was originally composed, what national deliverance, or Lord doeth valiantly."
what prince's illustrious triumph it was designed, in the Ver. 16. His followers re-echo the sentiment; first instance, to celebrate ; yet, judging even from the “ The right hand of the Lord is exalted ; the right ordinary spirit of this sort of religious composition, we hand of the Lord doeth valiantly."
might be sure, that ultimately it has reference to the Ver. 17_18. The conqueror alone;
Messiah and to his salvation. That the Jews so under" I shall not die, but live, and declare the works of stood it, is proved by the use made of verse 26, in the Lord.
Matt. xxi. 9. And our Lord's quotation of the same “ The Lord hath chastened me sore : but he hath not given me over unto death."
verse, in Matt. xxiii. 39, as well as the frequent ap
plication of verse 22 in different passages of the NewPART SECOND.
Testament (as in Matt. xxi. 42, Acts, iv. 11, Ephesians, The procession is now arrived at the gates of the ii. 20, 1 Peter, ii. 7,) puts the matter beyond donbt. Temple.
The Psalm, therefore, celebrates the return of the MesVer. 19. The conqueror alone, demanding admis- siah from his mortal conflict with the enemies of God
and man, delivered from the power of death, triumphant Open to me the gates of righteousness : I will go over sin and hell, and bringing with him the mighty in to them, and I will praise the Lord.”
multitude of those whom he has saved. The Conqueror Ver. 20. The Ministers of the Temple, within (throw- with his train going up in procession to the Temple, is ing open the gates;)
the Messiah with his followers, the redeemed of every “ This gate of the Lord, into which the Righteous age, entering into that Heaven, of which the Temple One shall enter."
was a type ; and the ministers of the Temple throwing Ver. 21. The conqueror alone within the Temple ; open the gates to give the Conqueror and his people “ I will praise thee; for thou hast heard me, and welcome, may represent the angelic inhabitants of Heaart become my salvation.
ven, who cease not day and night to praise the Lamb Ver. 22–24. The ministers of the Temple (wels that was slain, and among whom there is joy in Ileaven coming Him in triumph);
over every sinner that repenteth, and every saint, as they - The stone which the builders refused, is become conduct him into the realms of bliss. In this view, how
the head stone of the corner." “ This is the Lord's doing; it is marvellous in our
complete and comprehensive is the Psalm in both its
parts. eyes. " This is the day which the Lord hath made; we Part I. Messiah recites the depth of his humiliation, will rejoice and be glad in it."
(ver. 5-7.) These are fitting words in the mouth of Ver. 25. The conqueror alone in intercessory | Him, “ who, in the days of his flesh, when he had of. prayer);
fered up supplications and prayers, with strong crying Save now, I beseech thee, O Lord; O Lord, I and tears, was heard in that he feared—who, though beseech thee, send now prosperity.”
he was a Son, yet learned obedience by the things which Ver. 26. The ministers of the Temple (pronouncing he suffered,” (Heb. v. 7, 8,)—“ Who, being made in a twofold benediction, first, on him as the Saviour, and all things like unto his brethren,” experienced and so secondly, on the people whom he has saved); “ Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord: in the garden—his death on the cross
experimentally learned-in his life of sorrows_his agony
-the trials of obewe have blessed you out of the house of the
dience and the efficacy of that faith, in which having Lord.” Ver. 27. The victorious Host (presenting a sacrifice overcome, he exclaims, “ It is better to trust in the of thanksgiving);
Lord, than to put confidence in man." Ver. 10_18 “ God is the Lord, which hath shewed us light: describe Messiah's severest trials. 1. The consent and
bind the sacrifice with cords, even unto the horns combination of all nations and all men against him, of the altar."
(10_12.) “ He was despised and rejected of men." Ver. 28. The conqueror alone (returning thanks, (Compare also Psalm ii, as explained in Acts, iv. 25.) He as well satisfied with the whole result);
bore the opposition, above all, he bore the sins of all Thou art my God, and I will praise thee; thou men, men of all kindreds, and peoples, and tongues. art my God, I will exalt thee.”
2. The rage of a single foe (ver. 13;) the head of the Ver. 29. The whole assembly join again in loud confederacy—the serpent who was to bruise the beel of chorus;
the woman's seed (Gen. iii. 15)—the great adversary, “O give thanks unto the Lord; for he is good : for Satan, the tempter in the wilderness, the prince of his mercy endureth for ever.”
this world, who, in the hour and the power of darkness, Such seems the plan of this splendid song of victory. came to assail Messiah, and found nothing in him. Even now, in simply reading it, we cannot fail to al(John, xiv. 30.) (See also Heb. ü. 14.) 3. A trial yet mire its stately and solemn grandeur ; but how impos- more terrible, the hiding of bis Father's countenance ; ing, how overpowering, must the effect have been, (ver. 18)-Yes, it pleased the Lord to bruise him. He when executed in the perfect style of David's minstrel- was smitten of God (Isaiah, liii. 4-10.) When He