conscience. They look upon such earnest and prayer. Not that this duty is to take the place of repeated supplications as manifesting a want of all other duties. We are not to abandon the world reverence, or a want of faith. They remind us of and retire to the seclusion of a cloister, in order to the short and simple, but sublime form which was fulfil the commands which we have now quoteid. prescribed by our Lord; all repetitions they think It is, in fact, one great end of prayer to enable us to are vain, and they say that we shall not be heard fulfil all duties, and to glorify God in the sphere for our much speaking. It must be obvious, how- which has been assigned to us. On the other hand, ever, to every one who will consult it, that the the discharge of other duties must not supersede, or words of our Lord in the passage referred to are interfere with the discharge of this duty. Whatinapplicable to the cases which we are considering. ever may be the nature of our worldly calling, Besides, we know that our Saviour spent whole however lawful, and however laborious may be the nights in prayer. In the garden, he offered the exertions which it requires of us, and whatever same prayer three several times, and we are told be the cares and anxieties which it naturally costs that then he prayed more earnesily. When we us, we are not to be considered as exempted from consider, therefore, the example of our Lord himself yielding obedience to the requirement, that wa --when we consider the natural effect of honest and should pray always, and not faint. It is not neardent desire upon the frequency and fervour of cessary, it is not possible, it is not desirable, that our prayers-—and when we think of the encourage- we should be always engaged in actual prayer ; ment held out to us in Scripture, to pray always but we must have such an abiding sense of our and not to faint-to ask, to seek, to knock-to dependence upon God—such a constant reference watch unto prayer with all perseverance, it cannot to him as the Father of Mercies, and the Ruler be believed that importunate and prolonged prayer of the universe, and such a habitual application to is to be condemned as a sin, or pitied as a weak- him, and such a continual waiting upon him for ness. On the contrary, if, when we are unusually mercy to pardon, for wisdom to direct

, and for tried, or when our soul has relapsed into a state grace to help us, that it will be impossible to of worldliness and sin, we are not stirred up to characterise us otherwise than by saying, that we more earnest and persevering supplication, then pray without ceasing. If at every moment we we evince an indifference to our spiritual welfare, are dependent upon the bounty of God—if every which is itself a sin, and which will soon manifest blessing we enjoy cometh down from him—if itself to be the source or root of many sins. prayer is an appointed means for obtaining the

There are other seasons friendly to prayer which blessings that we need—if it is not sufficient to the pious mind will gladly embrace. The retire- sum up all our supplications in one brief and comment of the closet--the day of sacred rest—the prehensive petition—if it becomes us to pray for solitary walk—the sleepless night—these are sea- specific and individual blessings, and if there is sons peculiarly appropriate to prayer, and these not an hour of our lives when some particular presenting themselves frequently, afford us many mercies are not especially required, then it is obopportunities of drawing near to God.

vious that no limits should be set to the frequency But it is not enough to observe the stated and of our supplications. If it becomes us to receive occasional seasons of prayer to which we have re- every blessing as from our heavenly Father's hand, ferred. We are commanded to “pray without seeing that we are indebted for them to him, then ccasing ;” and there are similar injunctions in it is fit that we should wait upon him, in the other parts of the Word of God. Our Lord attitude of humble and helpless supplicants for spoke a parable to this end, “ that men ought al- them all. It is in this way, and not simply ways to pray and not to faint.” “ Watch, there-by stated and occasional prayers, that a sense of fore,” said he, at another time, “ and pray always our dependence will be most effectually mairthat ye may be accounted worthy to escape all tained, and the riches of God's unwearied benevothese things that shall come to pass, and to stand lence, and the minuteness and tenderness of his before the Son of Man.” We are commanded by paternal care will be most fully appreciated. It the apostle to “ continue instant in prayer," " to is in this way, therefore, that we will be beat pray always with all prayer and supplication in enabled to sanctify the Lord God in our hearts, the spirit, and to watch thereunto with all perse- and to render to him the honour which is due verance;” to “continue in prayer, and watch in unto his name. The feelings of reverence, an:1 the same with thanksgiving;” and again, not to gratitude, and love, and humility, and confident multiply quotations, we are commanded to “be hope, which are called into exercise during the careful for nothing, but in every thing by prayer prescribed and periodical seasons of prayer, will and supplication to let our requests be made known thus be maintained throughout life, and the hounto God.” From these passages it appears that mage which we pay to him will be a perpetual habitual prayerfulness of mi is required of us. incense. It might also be shewn that prayer is It is necessary, not only, that we should scrupu- indeed the breath of the Christian's life, and that lously and regularly observe certain stated seasons in order to our continuance and advancement for prayer, and that occasionally, and as our cir- therein, it is essential for us to pray without cumstances require, we should be more frequent ceasing. and earnest at a Throne of Grace, but we must It may be objected, however, that the maintenance also maintain habitually the temper and spirit of of such a prayerful frame as the Scriptures inculcate, will operate injuriously as a constraint upon the unguarded words would be repressed before they mind. It would be a sufficient answer to this objec- had obtained an utterance! What an improvement tion to observe, that unremitting prayer is enjoined of our time would be made,—what activity and diby God, and is essential to our own spiritual welfare. ligence in the discharge of every duty would be In reality, however, the objection has no founda- exhibited,—with what patience and meek resignation in truth. We deny not, that to the ungodly tion would we submit to every trial,—what nearman, habitual prayer would be a constraint, but it ness to God would be enjoyed,—what fortitude is our duty " whatsoever we do to do all to the would a sense of his presence inspire,—what an glory of God ;” and if it is our permanent and unspeakable happiness would be imparted to the prevailing desire to glorify God in all that we do, soul! Sin would become exceeding sinful in our ihen there is nothing that will more easily and eyes, we would grow in a sense of the preciousnaturally fall in with the general tenor of our ness of Christ; an elevation of mind would unithoughts, or contribute more to preserve them in formly characterize us, an aspect of sacredness a right direction, than a spirit of sustained prayer- would be imparted to every action which we perfulness. On this subject we might refer to the form, and God would be all in all. experience of the people of God; and the testimony they would bear is this, that prayer has

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF often been the means of delivering their minds from constraint, and that never have their thoughts in our last number, we called the attention of our

THE REV. HENRY MARTYN, B. D. been more clear, and their minds more active and

readers to the brief but interesting career of a faithful more under command, than when they were in the

messenger of the Lord Jesus, and in doing so, we felt most devotional frame. It may be objected by ourselves irresistibly reminded of one who, kindred in others, that the duty of habitual prayerfulness is im- name as in spirit, was honoured to be a successful lapracticable. To perform this duty perfectly may bourer in the Lord's vineyard, not amid the comforts indeed be impracticable while we remain upon Climate, and amid the darkness and superstition of

and encouragements of home, but under the unhealthy earth, but the same objection may be urged in reference to every duty. The mere hopelessness, their minds, there was a considerable resemblance between

Eastern countries. If, in the general characteristies of then, of rendering å faultless obedience to this the late pastor of St George's Parish, and the distincommand, is no reason for refusing to aim at the guished individual whose life we are about to sketch, in highest attainable perfection; besides, it is believed the events of their history they differed widely—so that habitual prayerfulness is much less impracti- widely, as to present a sufficient variety of incident, cable than is sometimes supposed. The mind is amid the obvious similarity in point of disposition and

feeling. unspeakably active, our thoughts succeed each other with incredible rapidity, and the mechanic Cornwall, on the 18th of February 1781. His father

Henry Martyn was born at Truro, in the county of in his workshop, and the merchant amidst the had originally followed the humble occupation of a hurry of the crowded and busy market-place, miner, but by diligent attention to the acquisition of may lift up their hearts in secret prayer,—and knowledge, he rose from a state of poverty and depreseven the student, without sensibly interrupting sion to one of comparative case and comfort, having his train of thought, may ask the guidance of been admitted as chief clerk to a merchant in Truro.

Henry's education was commenced at the grammar the Spirit of God. And further, when we

school of the town, and his progress appears to have sider, how many foolish, and useless, and sinful been satisfactory both to his master and his parents. thoughts are entertained by us daily, and which His dispositions at this early period of his life are remight well be dispensed with, it must be ac- presented to have been of a very amiable cast, tender knowledged, that without being hindered in the and affectionate, mild and pliant.

After having remained at school till he was between discharge of any other duty, abundant scope and

fourteen and fifteen years of age, he was induced to opportunity are afforded to us to pray without become a candidate for a vacant scholarship at Corpus ceasing.

Christi College, Oxford. In the competition, howThe blessings bestowed directly in answer to ever, he was unsuccessful, and in after life he adverted our prayers, and their importance to our spiritual to his disappointment as having originated in the wise welfare, will not be known until “the day shall arrangements of his heavenly Father, who had therereveal it.” They will, in some degree, indeed be by altered the whole aspect of bis future history. manifest in this world, in our victory over sin,-) After this repulse, Henry returned home, and continued

at school some time longer. At length he entered St in our growing likeness to Christ, in our inward John's College, Cambridge, where be studied with the peace and joy. And of this every believer may rest utmost ardour and perseverance. Providentially for assured, that none of his prayers, however short, his spiritual improvement, he had the privilege of the conor however imperfect, are unheard or unheeded in versation and company of a religious friend at College,

besides enjoying the tender counsels and admonitions of heaven. Besides, how many, and how import

a sister in Cornwall, who was a Christian of a meek, ant are the indirect advantages which would re

heavenly, and affectionate spirit. To the litter, partisult from the maintenance of a devotional spirit. cularly, he was indebted for much instruction in that li we were to pray without ceasing, what a change knowledge which alone, by the blessing of the Spirit, would be wrought upon our heart and life! How “ maketh wise unto salvation." In speaking of her many vain and frivolous thoughts would be ex

frequent conversations with him on spiritual matters, pelled from the mind! How many desires would

he thus expresses himself: "I went home this sum

mer, and was frequently addressed by my dear sister be crucified, which now are entertained! How many

on the subject of religion ; but the sound of the Gos


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pel conveyed in the admonition of a sister, was grating and labours of David Brainerd, whose ardent piety and to my ears.” The first result of her tender exhorta- apostolic exertions excited in the mind of the youthful tions and earnest endeavours was very discouraging ; a Martyn a strong desire to imitate his example. At violent conflict took place in her brother's mind, be- | length, after serious consideration of the subject in all tween his conviction of the truth of what she urged its bearings, and earnest prayer to the Almighty for his and his love of the world; and for the present, the direction, he offered himself as a Missionary to the latter prevailed: yet sisters, similarly circumstanced, Church Missionary Society, then called the Society for may learn from this case not merely their duty, but Missions to Africa and the East. His feelings at this from the final result, the success they may anticipate important crisis in his history may be drawn from the from the faithful discharge of it.—“ I think,” he ob- following letter, addressed at the time to his youngest serves, when afterwards reviewing this period with a sister :spirit truly broken and contrite, “I do not remember a I received your letter yesterday, and thank God for time in which the wickedness of my heart rose to a the concern you manifest for my spiritual welfare. 0 greater height, than during my stay at home. The that we may love each other more and more in the consummate selfishness and exquisite irritability of my Lord! The passages you bring from the Word of God mind were displayed in rage, malice, and envy, in pride were appropriate to my case, particularly those from and vain glory, and contempt of all; in the harshest the first Epistle of St Peter, and that to the Ephesians, language to my sister, and even to my father, if he hap- though I do not seem to have given you a right view of pened to differ from my mind and will; ( what an

my state.

The dejection I sometimes labour under example of patience and mildness was he! I love to seems not to arise from doubts of my acceptance with think of his excellent qualities, and it is frequently the God, though it tends to produce them; nor from des. anguish of my heart, that I ever could be base and ponding views of my own backwardness in the divine wicked enough to pain him by the slightest neglect. life for I am more prone to self-dependence and conO my God and Father, why is not my heart doubly ceit, but from the prospect of the difficulties I have to agonized at the remembrance of all my great trans- encounter in the whole of my future life. The thought gressions against Thee ever since I have known Thee that I must be unceasingly employed in the same kind as such! I left my sister and father in October, and of work amongst poor ignorant people, is what my proud him I saw no more. I promised my sister that I would spirit revolts at. To be obliged to submit to a thousand read the Bible for myself, but on being settled at col- uncomfortable things that must happen to me, whether lege, Newton engaged all my thoughts.”

as a minister or a missionary, is what the flesh cannot Henry's residence at College for more than two endure. At these times I feel neither love to God nor years, was productive of much improvement in scienti- man; and, in proportion as these graces of the Spirit tic knowledge, but he still remained ignorant of those languish, my besetting sins—pride, and discontent, and truths which are infinitely superior in value to all the unwillingness for every duty, make me miserable. You learning of the schools. At length, however, in the will best enter into my views by considering those texts providence of God, his mind became deeply impressed which serve to recal me to a right aspect of things. with a sense of the importance of Religion. The event have not that coldness in prayer you would expect, but which seems to have been instrumental in arousing him generally find myself strengthened in faith and humility from his melancholy indifference on this vitally important and love after it; but the impression is so short. I am subject, was his father's death. It was very pleasing to his at this time enabled to give myself, body, soul, and sister to perceive from his letters, that a decided change spirit, to God, and perceive it to be my most reasonable had taken place in his views and feelings in regard to di- service. How it may be when the trial comes, I know vine things. He still continued to exert himself with as not, yet I will trust and not be afraid. In order to do much ardour as ever in his studies at college, but the his will cheerfully, I want love for the souls of men to spirit from which he acted was essentially different. suffer it-I want humility—let these be the subjects of He no longer counted secular knowledge the only, or your supplications for me. I am thankful to God that

the chief object of pursuit ; and though at you are so free from anxiety and care : we cannot but the early age of twenty, he succeeded in carrying off with praise acknowledge his goodness. What does it the highest academical honours, his retlection on the oc- signify whether we be rich or poor, if we are sons of casion shews the moderate view which he took of all God ? How unconscious are they of their real greatness, earthly blessings : “I obtained my highest wishes,” he and will be so till they find themselves in glory! When said, but was surprised to find I had grasped a sha- we contemplate our everlasting inheritance, it seems too dow.” And yet, with such subdued feelings, he did good to be true; yet it is no more than is due to the not relax in his perseverance to attain an acquaintance blood of God manifest in the flesh." with the most important departments of human learn. In the following year, Mr Martyn received ordination ing;

; nay, so great was his diligence, that by his fellow- to the office of the holy ministry, and commenced the students he was designated “the man who had not lost exercise of his pastoral functions as curate of Mr Simeon an hour.” Christians have the strongest of all motives in the church of the Holy Trinity in Cambridge, unto be industrious; time acquires with them a peculiar dertaking likewise the charge of the parish of Solworth, value, as hurrying them onward to that solemn hour when a sınall village at no great distance from the University. “ we must each one of us give an account of himself to At this place, in the very outset of his ministry, an inci. God.”

dent occurred which seems to have made a deep impresAfter having made a short visit to his friends in sion upon his mind :-“ An old man, who had been one Cornwall, Henry returned again to Cambridge, where of his auditors, walked by the side of his horse for a conhe studied so assiduously, that in a short sime he ob- siderable time, warning him to reflect, that if any souls tained a fellowship in St John's College. Shortly | perished through his neglect, their blood would be rebefore this he had become personally acquainted with quired at his hand. He exhorted him to shew his hearthe Rev. Mr Simeon, to whose pious and affectionate ers that they were perishing sinners; to be much engaged instructions he, in common with multitudes, felt that in secret prayer; and to labour after an entire departure he owed much. It was in consequence of a remark from himself to Christ. “From what he said on the last made by this honoured servant of Christ, in reference head,' observes Mr Martyn, “it was clear that I had but to the benefit which had accrued from the labours of little experience; but I lifted my heart afterwards to the Dr Carey in India, that Martyn was first led to think Lord, that I might be fully instructed in righteousness.' of dedicating himself to the Missionary cause. This So meekly and thankfully did this young minister listen resolution was soon after confirmed by reading the life to the affectionate counsel of an old disciple.”



In the early part of the year 1804, Mr Martyn's pros- tion of my call as at present, as far as respects the inpects of going abroad as a missionary were apparently ward impression. Never did I see so much the exceed. in danger of being frustrated, in consequence of the un- ing excellency and glory and sweetness of the work, nor expected loss of his little patrimony. This was to his bad so much the favourable testimony of my own conmind the more distressing, as it rendered his younger science, nor perceived so plainly the smile of God. 1 sister entirely dependant upon him; and he could not am constrained to say, what am I, or what is my

father's bear the thought of leaving her in actual distress when house, that I should be made willing, — what am I that he himself, by remaining in England, might alleviate or I should be so happy, so honoured ?” In his Journal, remove it. In these circumstances, he resolved to con- likewise, he expresses himself to the same effect : “ I felt sult some of his friends, and set out for that purpose to more persuaded of my call than ever; there was scarcely London. Exertions were in consequence made to pro- the shadow of a doubt left: rejoice, O my soul, thon cure for him a chaplainship to the East India Company, shalt be the servant of God in this life and in the next, but in vain, and be returned to resume his ministerial for all the boundless ages of eternity. labours at Cambridge, resigned to the will of God, and The circumstances attendant on his departure arc ambitious only to discharge present duty with fidelity, thus stated by his biographer:-

casting all his care” upon the Lord, knowing well that On the 8th of July, Mr Martyn left London for “ He cared for him.”

Portsmouth ; and such was the acuteness of his feelings A view of his indefatigable labours at this time may during this journey, that he fainted, and fell into a coiibe given in the words of his biographer:-“In the in- vulsion fit at the inn where he slept on the road, a painterval which passed between the months of February ful intimation to those friends who were with him of and June, he was found earnestly labouring in the ser- the poignancy of that grief which he endeavoured as vice of his divine Master. He preached animating and much as possible to repress and conceal. The next awakening discourses : he excited societies of private morning, however, he was sufficiently recovered to proChristians to watch, quit themselves as men, and be ceed, and was much refreshed in his spirits at the sight strung :' he visited many of the poor, the afflicted, and of many of his brethren at Portsmouth, who had come, the dying: he warned numbers of the careless and pro- (several from a considerable distance,) that they might rizate, in a word, he did the work of an Evangelist. affectionately accompany him to the ship. Among these Often did he redeem time from study, from recreation, was one whose presence afforded him an unexpected and from the intercourse of friends, that, like his Re- happiness. “To be obliged to give up all hopes of your deener, he might enter the abodes of misery, either to accompanying me to Portsmouth,' he had written a short aroise the unthinking slumberer, or to administer con- time before to Mr Simeon, 'is a greater disappointment solation to the dejected penitent. Many an hour did than I can well describe. Having been

to expect he pass in an hospital or an alms-house ; and often, it, I seem to experience a painful privation. However, after a day of labour and fatigue, when wearied almost you will not now have the pain of observing in your to an extremity of endurance, he would read and pray brother a conversation and spirit unsuitable to the imwith the servant who had the care of his rooms, thus portant work on which he is going. Yet this I believe, making it his meat and drink, bis rest as well as his that though I have little affection towards heavenly lahour, to do the will of his heavenly Father, in con- | things, I have less towards every thing earthly. From furnity to the example of Christ :

Mr Simeon he learnt, to his exceeding comfort, that his

fock at Cambridge intended on the day of his departure, To fill bis odorons lamp with deeds of light,

as far as it could be ascertained, to give themselves up And hope that reaps not shame.

to fasting and prayer ; and at his hands he received, In a short time, the prospect seemed to open up to with peculiar gratification, a silver compass, sent by hiin of obtaining what had been the anxious wish of his them as a memorial of their unfeigned affection.” trends, a chaplainship in the service of the East India And in setting sail, he thus describes his feelings in Company. Fully encouraged to expect that he would a letter to Mr Simeon :--" It was a very painful monot in this case be disappointed, he set out for Corn- ment to me when I awoke in the morning after you left wail on a visit to his friends. While there, he frequently us, and found the fleet actually sailing down the Chanpreached, and both his sisters heard him, the youngest nel. Though it was what I had anxiously been lookwith delight, and the eldest with every appearance of ing forward to so long, yet the consideration of being being seriously impressed. “I found,” said he, referring parted for ever from my friends almost overcame me. to the latter, “ that she had been deeply affected, and My feelings were those of a man who should suddenly from her conversation I received great satisfaction. In be told, that every friend he had in the world was the evening I walked by the water-side till late, having dead. It was only by prayer for them that I could be my heart full of praise to God for having given me such comforted; and this was indeed a refreshment to my Lopes of my sisters.” At length, after having with soul, because, by meeting them at the throne of grace, stood the most earnest entreaties of his friends to re- I seemed again to be in their society." main in England, he began to make preparations for Unexpectedly, the vessel was forced to put back to finally leaving his native shore. To one possessed of Falmouth, where Mr Martyn had an opportunity of such tender sensibilities as Henry Martyn, it was a trial spending three weeks with his friends, after which he of extreme severity to bid a long, and, in all probability, again embarked, and in a short time the shores of Enga last farewell to his country and his friends.

land disappeared from his view. During the voyage, this, as indeed on every former occasion in his history, he spent his time partly in study, and partly in labourbe felt that the principles and motives of Christianity ing to promote the spiritual interests both of the sailors are sufficient to triumph over the strongest feelings and of the soldiers on board ship. On reaching the and the tenderest affections of the human heart. Some Cape, the following beautiful passage occurs in his Inonths, however, elapsed between the last visit which Journal :be paid to his friends and his final departure from January 30.-Rose at five, and began to ascend England. This intervening period he spent in his mi- | Table Mountain at six with S •* * and M *. I nisterial labours at Cambridge. At length the hour went on chiefly alone. I thought of the Christian life arrived when he was summoned to embark for India. what uphill work it is--and yet there are streams flowHis feelings on this occasion he thus describes in a letter ing down from the top, just as there was water coming to his favourite sister, who could so well sympathize down by the Kloof, by which we ascended. Towards with him in all his spiritual anxieties:

the top it was very steep, but the hope of being soon at " I rejoice to say, that I never had so clear a convic- the summit encouraged me to ascend very lightly. As

His care was fixed

But on


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the Kloof opened, a beautiful flame-coloured flower ap- On the 15th of September, Mr Martyn received his peared in a little green hollow, waving in the breeze. appointment to Dinapore. The account of his departure It seemed to be an emblem of the beauty and peaceful. from his dear Christian friends at Calcutta, is thus beauness of heaven, as it shall open upon the weary soul tifully given by his biographer:when its journey is finished, and the struggles of the A few days before he left Aldeen, several of Me death-bed are over. We walked up and down the Martyn's friends came together to his pagoda, in order whole length, which might be between two and three that they might unite with him in imploring a blessing miles, and one might be said to look round the world on his intended labours. Such a meeting could not fail from this promontory. I felt a solemn awe at the of being highly interesting; and it was not the less 80 grand prospect, from which there was neither noise nor from a recollection of the place in which they were assinall objects to draw off my attention. I reflected, sembled,-a Christian congregation in a building which especially when looking at the immense expanse of sea once had been an idol temple, seemed to supply a con. on the East, which was to carry me to India, on the solatory pledge, as well as a significant emblem of what certainty that the name of Christ should at some period all earnestly prayed for, and confidently anticipated in resound from shore to shore. I felt commanded to wait poor idolatrous India. My soul,' said Mr Martyn, in silence, and see how God would bring his promises never yet had such divine enjoyment. I felt a desire to pass. We began to descend at half-past two. Whilst to break from the body and join the high praises of the sitting to rest myself towards night, I began to reflect saints above. May I go in the strength of this many with death-like despondency on my friendless condition. days,'-Amen. • My soul doth magnify the Lord, and Not that I wanted any of the comforts of life, but I my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.' How wanted those kind friends who loved me, and in whose sweet to walk with Jesus——to love him-and to die for company I used to find such delights after my fatigues. him! 'Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all And then, remembering that I should never see them the days of my life ; and I will dwell in the house of more, I felt one of those keen pangs of misery that oc- the Lord for ever. And again, the next day he says casionally shoot across my breast. It seemed like a • The blessed God has again visited my soul in his dream that I had actually undergone banishment from power, and all that was within me blessed his holy them for life; or rather like a dream that I had ever

I found my heaven begun on earth. No work hoped to share the enjoyments of social life. But, at so sweet as that of praying, and living wholly to the this time, I solemnly renewed my self-dedication to service of God.' God, praying that for his service I might receive grace “ On the 15th October, after taking leave of the to spend my days in continued suffering, and separation Church at Calcutta in a farewell discourse, and of the from all I held most dear in this life_for ever. Amen. - family at Aldeen in an exposition at morning worship, How vain and transitory are those pleasures which the Mr Martyn entered his budgerow," which was to convey worldliness of my heart will ever be magnifying into him to Dinapore, and sailed up the Ganges, accompanied real good! The rest of the evening I felt weaned from by his brethren, Mr Brown, Me Corrie, and Mr Parthe world and all its concerns, with somewhat of a

Mr Marshman, seeing them pass by the Mission melancholy tranquillity."

House, could not resist joining the party; and after At length, after a voyage of nine months from the going a little way, left them with prayer. At night, date of his leaving Portsmouth, Mr Martyn's eyes were Mr Martyn prayed with his brethren in the vessel; gratified with a sight of India. This was to be the and the next day they devoted the whole morning to scene of his labours; and the very extent of the field, religious exercises. * How sweet is prayer,' said he, and the apparent hopelessness of the enterprise, seem to "to my soul at this time. I see m as if I could never have affected his mind almost immediately on landing. be tired, not only of spiritual joys, but of spiritual “ What surprises me," says he, “is the change of views

employments, since these are no w the same.' I have here from what I had in England. There my The day after, the weather becoming tempestuous, heart expanded with hope and joy at the prospect of the his brethren sorrowfully and reluctantly left him to speedy conversion of the Heathen, but here the sight of prosecute his voyage alone. Before they parted, howthe apparent impossibility requires a strong faith to sup- ever, they spent the whole morning (to use his own port me."

words) in a divine ordinance, in which each of them On arriving at Calcutta, Mr Martyn was hospitably read a portion of Scripture, and all of them sang and received into the house of the Rev. David Brown, prayed. Mr Brown's passage, chosen from the 1st whose devoted piety and Christian worth were pecu- of Joshua, was very suitable,' said Mr Martyn,– Have Jiarly remarkable; and not long after he had taken up I not sent thee;'_' Let this be an answer to my fears, his residence there, he was seized with a severe attack of my Lord, that I am in thy work; and that therefever, which for some time was rather alarming. His fore I shall 'not go forth at my own charges, or fight feelings are thus described by his own pen:-" I could any enemies but thine. It was a very affecting season derive no comfort from reflecting on my past life. In- to me,—but in prayer I was far from a state of seriousdeed, exactly in proportion as I looked for evidences of ness and affection.'" grace, I lost that brokenness of spirit I wished to retain, At the commencement of his labours at Dinapore, and could not lie with simplicity at the foot of the Mr Martyn met with considerable opposition ; but such

I really thought that I was departing this life. was the mild and affectionate, yet firm adherence to I began to pray as on the verge of eternity; and the the truth, by which his whole conduct was characterLord was pleased to break my hard heart. I lay in ized, that he soon succeeded in gaining the esteem and tears interceding for the unfortunate natives of this the confidence of those who waited upon his ministry. country, thinking with myself that the most despicable In prosecuting his work as a Missionary, he now comsoodar of India was of as much value in the sight of menced the study of the Sanscrit, besides dedicating a God as the king of Great Britain."

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considerable time every day to a translation of the PaDuring his residence at Aldeen with Mr Brown, Mrrables into Hindoostanee, along with a commentary upon Martyn employed himself chiefly in acquiring the Hin- them. Both among Europeans and natives, he was indoostanee, besides preaching occasionally to his coun-defatigable in preaching the Gospel, and endeavouring trymen in Calcutta. The purity of his doctrines, as to coinmend the truth to every man's conscience. might have been expected, proved offensive to many ; In the superintendence of the schools which he had but, in spite of all opposition, this devoted messenger of established, in his Sabbath duties, and in his week-day Christ was determined to know nothing in his public ministrations save Jesus Christ, and him crucified.

A budgerow is a travelling bont, constructed like a pleagure barge.


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