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THE IMPORTANCE OF THE SCRIPTURES. pronounced to be of infinite moment, than to alBY THE Rev. ROBERT GORDON, D. D.,
lege that it is a record with which we have little
concern, or practically to treat it as if we thought One of the Ministers of the High Church, Edinburgh,
so ? The way of salvation, indeed, through Christ Tue professed design of the Scriptures is to give the doctrine of justification by faith in his blood, a plain and authoritative reply to the most mo- and of sanctification by the influence of his Spirit,mentous of all the inquiries which can occupy the is no doubt the great leading subject of interest to thoughts of sinful men, namely, How will God sinful men ; and, accordingly, it is the prominent deal with the guilty-will he forgive sinners at subject in the Volume of Inspiration. “But this all—and if so, on what principle will such for- method of salvation being the subject of prophecies, gireness be extended ? 'To this question, nothing both express and typical, through many succesin the way of reply can be gathered from the sive generations, was so gradually unfolded as to works of God, in creation and providence, beyond afford opportunities of exhibiting the most intermere conjecture. If, therefore, it be the object esting and illustrious displays of the character and of the Sacred Volume to solve this and all other perfections of God both in providence and grace, questions which interest men as accountable and and the most instructive exemplifications of those immortal creatures, to what serious attention is it great principles which still regulate the government not entitled at the hand of every man who has ac- of his Church, as well as of the world at large. If the cess to it? The fact that there is such a thing in works of God, then, in the natural world are full of existence as a volume containing an immediate interest, and rich in entertainment befitting rational communication from God, is itself the most creatures to seek after and enjoy—if the investigainteresting and remarkable of all the matters of tion of these works affords exercise for the highfact about which men can be conversant: and est order of intellectual capacity which our race when we reflect, that on the knowledge and faith of ever exhibited—and if the discoveries which are what this communication reveals, and on obedience within the reach of human industry and skill, formto what it enjoins, is suspended the well-being of ing though they do only a mere fraction of the man for time and for eternity, can we conceive any wonders of God's wisdom and power, are fitted to folly or infatuation equal to that of the man who minister largely to human enjoyment, an enjoyeither neglects it altogether, or rests satisfied with ment, too, of an exalted and most legitimate kind, a very vague apprehension of what it contains ? how unspeakably interesting to men should be the The bare announcement of there being such a revelation which the Author of all these wonders record were enough, one might suppose, to secure has made of himself—of the attributes of his nathe daily and most serious perusal of it by every ture—of the principles of his moral governmentman into whose possession it comes. But there and of the way in which he purposes to deal with are not wanting considerations in abundance to in the children of men as his intelligent, but fallen culcate on men the earnest and devout study of the and sinful creatures ! Sacred Volume. The very extent of the Old Tes- The manner, too, in which God has revealed himtament Scriptures, as embracing the history of the self to the human race, is alike intelligible, and divine dispensations towards the children of men ought to be equally attractive to all. He is prefor a period of four thousand years, does itself em- sented to us in the Bible, not in abstract or metaphatically intimate the obligation which is laid physical statements as to his nature and manner upon men carefully to peruse that history; for if of being, but as acting, as embodying his perit has seemed meet to the infinite wisdom of God fections in palpable doings, and thus revealing to employ inspired men to write such a record, and those perfections to the very senses of men. if, by the special interposition of his providence, he While the Scriptures tell us, for example, that God has preserved that record, can there be a more is infinite in wisdom, and almighty in power, they presumptuous impeachment of his wisdom, or a represent him also, in the history which they remore daring contempt of what he has solemnly cord, directing the events of many ages, and overpower
ruling the schemes and enterprizes of many suc- to be found everywhere in the pages of the cessive generations of men to the accomplishment Sacred Volume, mixed up with many other subof purposes previously foretold ; thus exhibiting jects, which, though full of interest and instruchis and wisdom in actual operation, guid- tion, do not immediately refer to the one great ing, with infinite facility, all the complicated move- subject of Christ's mediatorial work. It is in this ments both of the natural and moral world to the way that “ all Scripture, being the inspiration of result which he had from the beginning determin- God, is profitable” as the apostle declares, “ for ed. While they tell us that he is a God of truth, doctrine, for reproof, for correction, and for ineven the faithful and covenant-keeping God, they struction in righteousness, that the man of God detail at the same time his dealings with the may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good Church, his ancient chosen people, where we see works ;” because the enlightened reader will find him, after much forbearance and long-suffering pa- that all Scripture, so far as he has means and optience, and after many warnings addressed to them portunities of understanding it, serves to convey hy prophets commissioned for the purpose, visit- to him more enlarged views of those truths which ing them with severe chastisements as if he had do most nearly concern his everlasting well-being: utterly forsaken them, yet returning again and re- and it is upon this ground that creeds, and conmembering the covenant which he had sworn to fessions, and catechisms, and other forms of sound Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob. And while they words, have been employed in all ages of the declare of him that he is righteous and holy, a Church, and with incalculable advantage, as aids God of purer eyes than to behold iniquity, they do to the great body of readers towards the right not leave us with these general statements. They understanding of saving truth. And in adopting record the most impressive and intelligible illus- such a method of communicating to men that trations of this truth in the banishment of our which it is necessary for their salvation that they first parents from Paradise-in the destruction of should know, God has acted in perfect and beauthe old world by the flood—and in innumerable tiful accordance with his procedure in other matother immediate visitations of righteous judgment ters. In the natural world, on which we are deon the workers of iniquity. The Scriptures, then, pendent for our daily subsistence, neither the luxdo not consist of a mere statement of certain ab- uries, nor the comforts, nor even the necessaries stract truths, about which, when they are once of life are produced spontaneously, or placed tocarefully perused and afterwards remembered, no gether within our reach without effort or foremore is to be known. They contain a treasure thought on our part. On the contrary, every of heavenly wisdom, which the more it is ex- thing essential to our subsistence and comfort replored the more inexhatistible it will appear : quires more or less exertion; and the most refinthough its statements are level to the understand ed of our present enjoyments, those which maning of the simplest, and fitted to arrest the most kind generally seek most earnestly, and value most inattentive, comparatively little of it will be known highly, are procured by an almost incalculable from a single reading, however careful ; and they amount and variety of labour. Yet no man comwho have read it most frequently, and drunk most plains of this ordination: nay, every man who enlargely of its spirit, will be the first to discover tertains any enlightened views of the divine adminew sources of admiration and delight on every nistration, or of the constitution and condition of new perusal. And if the Psalmist, therefore, who mankind as the subjects of that administration, possessed but a small portion of the Sacred will see proofs of divine wisdom and beneficence Volume, took “the testimonies of the Lord as in such an order of things ; inasmuch as the very an heritage for ever, because they were the rejoic- skill and industry which are so expended, while ing of his heart,” how much greater reason have they minister largely to human enjoyment, conwe to make these testimonies “our songs in the stitute also a system of wholesome discipline for house of our pilgrimage,” and to “ meditate upon the powers and faculties of our nature. And is it the Lord in the night season !"
not a still more striking proof of the wisdom and But it is not merely as containing a great deal beneficence of God, that the same order should obrespecting the character and government of God, tain in spiritual things—that diligent application that the Scriptures ought to be precious to us, and to the study of Scripture should be necessary, if therefore made the subject of our constant study. we would attain to any enlarged and enlightened Even with regard to the main subject, that which views of the ways and works of God—and that constitutes the essence of the Gospel,—I mean the we should be subjected to that discipline of our way of pardon and acceptance, and eternal life — faculties, the direct tendency of which is to prewe must give ourselves to the daily and devout pare us for the enjoyment of the blessedness openperusal of the Word of God, if we would have ed up to us in the Gospel of his grace? It is inour faith to be steadfast, our peace and comfort deed a delightful thought that the saving trulhs undisturbed, our consolations in the time of trouble of the Gospel are so simple, and may be brought abundant, and our obedience cheerful and uniform. within so small a compass, us to be comprehended Saving truth,—that is to say, the portion of Di- even by those who are the least gifted with the vine Revelation which is absolutely necessary for capacity of laborious investigation, and have the salvation,—has not been put down in the Bible fewest means and opportunities of carrying it in the shortest and most systematic form, but is But it were a melancholy proof of indifference to all that is most interesting to man, as a creature gentleman who laid claim to some of his estates, Hale that is to exist for ever, did they who have the was obliged to leave the university and go to London capacity and opportunity for a more full and fre
to superintend his business. His legal agent, Sergeant quent examination of the Scriptures, plead the Glanville, observing the talents of his young client, simplicity of what is absolutely essential to salva- thoughts of the army, and to devote himself to the study tion as an excuse for the indolent neglect, or the of the law. This accordingly he did, and began to careless perusal of perhaps the larger portion of apply himself to his new profession at the age of 20 the Divine Word! If the whole of that record was years. Deeply regretting the valuable time which he had written from the dictation of the Holy Spirit, were
Jost by his folly, he commenced preparations for the bar
with the most extraordinary diligence and intense appli. it not presumption to expect his enlightening influence which is essential to the saving knowledge yet, however, altogether given up idle company, until a
cation, studying even sixteen hours a day. He had not of any one of its truths, while the rest are treated sad accident happened, which produced a serious effect with indifference? It has not been so with the upon his mind. With some other young students, he was saints in any age, for the prayer of the Psalmist invited to join a party of pleasure, on which occasion has ever been their prayer, “ Open thou mine
one of the party called for so much wine, that noteves,” O Lord, “ that I may behold wondrous he drank until he was in such a state, that he fell down
withstanding all that Mr Hale could do to prevent it, things out of thy law." “ I will delight myself in
as dead. It is impossible to describe the state into thy commandments,” and “I will meditate on which the company were thrown by this awful visitathy statutes."
tion. Mr Hale was so much affected, that he retired
to an adjoining apartment, and there shutting the door, BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF
he fell upon his knees before Him in whose hands are
the issues of life and of death, and prayed earnestly that SIR MATTHEW HALE.
his friend might be restored again to life, and that he In our former numbers, we have seen men eminent himself might be forgiven, vowing that he would never for their piety, busying themselves in the duties of the again keep such company, nor drink another health pastoral office, and striving to win souls to Christ. while he lived. His companion recovered, and he most In Sir Matthew Hale, one of the brightest names that scrupulously observed his vow till his dying day. This adorn the profession of the law, we see a man and a accident was the instrument, in the bands of God, for Christian, by the faithful and conscientious discharge of accomplishing Hale's conversion, for immediately after secular duties, emerging from obscurity and mounting he forsook all such company, and applied himself with the ladder of distinction,--not by the mean tampering the utmost assiduity to the acquisition of the different of the worldling, nor by the wicked intrigues and vain branches of knowledge connected with his profession ; sophistry of the infidel, but by the honest and straight- and busy as he was, he did not neglect his duties to his furward policy which the Gospel inculcates.
God, but set apart a portion of time each day for reliThis eminent individual was born at Alderly, in the gious exercises. It is narrated of him that for thirtyshire of Gloucester, on the 1st of November 1609. His six years after this he was never a Sabbath absent from ancestors were renowned for their deeds of charity and Church ; and it is well-known to have been a customtheir sterling worth, a higher honour by far than an empty ary observation with him, that according as he spent the title unadorned by Christian virtues. His parents were Sabbath, was his comfort, and happiness, and even his not long spared to his infant faculties, and lead him success in ordinary business through the week. Such, " in the way that he should go,” for at the early age in fact, was his piety, that he could never allow a day of five years, he was cast upon the care of Providence.
to pass without examining his heart, and communing Great as must have been this bereavement to one so with his God. young, it was in some measure alleviated by the kind His talents soon became conspicuous. It is related of firotection afforded him by a kinsman of his own. him, that once as he was purchasing a suit of clothes, the The greatest care was taken of Hale's early training, and merchant offered him the cloth for nothing, provided he more especially of his religious education ; for at that would promise him one hundred pounds if bie should time he was intended for the ministry. In the 17th ever be Lord Chief Justice of England—an office to year of his age he became a student at Magdalen College, which, as we will afterwards see, he was promoted. Oxford, where for some time he showed very great dili. lle pursued his studies with great diligence, and not gence and proficiency, as he had previously done when at only acquired a most extensive knowledge of the law, school. He had not been long at Oxford, however, until but he likewise studied with great success the different his attention was much distracted from his studies by branches of philosophy, as also the science of medicine. associating with bad companions, from whose company “ But above all these,” says Burnet," he seemed to le soon imbibed a love for theatrical amusements. have made the study of divinity the chief of all others, Tirese he entirely forsook, upon going to London soon to which he not only directed every thing else, but after, resolving never again to see a play,-a resolution also arrived at that pitch in it, that those who have to which he ever after adhered, and of which he had read what he has written on those subjects, will think no cause to repent. At Oxford, however, before he they must have had most of his time and thoughts." had given up this practice, he became very negligent Our author goes on to say, “it may seem extravagant, and inattentive to his studies, and not only so, but he and almost incredible, that one man, in no great compass was led away to other scenes of dissipation, a circum- of years, should have acquired such a variety of knowstanice which often happens, when once the mind be- ledge; and that in sciences that required much leisure comes unsettled by any thing of the kind. At this early and application. But as his parts were quick, and his aze there was nothing so hostile to his feelings, or so apprehensions lively, his memory great, and his judgrevolting to his nature as the bland insinuations of ment strong; so his industry was almost indefati. Éattery, which, during the whole of his life, he could gable. He rose always betimes in the morning, was never endure. While studying at this university, he never idle, scarce ever held any discourse about news, determined on becoming a soldier, the army holding except with some few in whom he confided entirely. Out so many attractions to the young, the gay, and the He entered into no correspondence by letters, except thoughtless. This resolution was happily overruled; about necessary business, or matters of learning, and fur being at that time engaged in a law-suit with a spent very little time in eating or drinking; for as he
never went to public feasts, so he gave no entertain- countrymen, his generous heart was sorrowful, and he ments but to the poor ; for he followed our Saviour's exerted every means to oppose it, not only by the shindirection (of feasting none but these) literally." ing example of his life, but by employing his talents in
At length the time arrived when he was called to the demonstrating the truth of the Scripture history. While bar, and he brought into exertion the vast stores of pro- he was thus employed, the office of Lord Chief Justice of found knowledge which he had been accumulating with England becoming vacant, he was, in the year 1671, prosuch diligence, and very soon attracted general attention. moted to this honourable and exalted situation, all the The time at which Hale commenced his public career people of his country applauding the choice. In the diswas one of no ordinary difficulty for an individual in his charge of the duties of his office he spent the remainder of circumstances. At that time, the country was involved his public life, for he had not been long advanced to this in civil war, and it was no easy matter for a man in prominent situation when he was seized with a very severe any public situation to preserve his integrity, and at attack of inflammation, which so destroyed his constituthe same time live in security. This, however, he tion that he never entirely recovered. Considering his endeavoured to do by performing his duties with fidelity, age, he himself concluded that he could not live long, and at the same time with courage, regarding the and therefore resolved to devote the remaining portion opinion of none, so long as he was doing his duty to of his life to preparation for his change. He was wearied his country and his God. He engaged in no faction, with the distractions of business, and loved rather to but stood boldly forward, undaunted any threatenings. turn his attention to the things of eternity than to the He was a supporter of the King, defending him with things of time. “ I do not know," said he,“ a better the utmost boldness; and not only so, but he also did temporal employment than Martha had, in testifying her every thing in his power to relieve the necessity of his love and duty to our Saviour, by making provision for party. He placed a considerable sum of money in the him; yet our Lord tells her, that though she was hands of a gentleman on whom he could depend, who troubled about many things, there was only one thing distributed this charity according to his own discretion. necessary, and Mary had chosen the better part.” No Though he did belong to this party, however, he was sooner was it known that he intended to give up busialways charitable, and took care never to provoke any ness, than his friends, and all who knew him, strove by censuring their actions, for some of his most intimate to change his resolution, but all without effect. Sir friends alleged that they never heard him speak ill of | Matthew Hale never determined on any thing rashly, any person. His splendid abilities soon recommended but always with deliberation, and therefore it was no him to general notice, and he was raised to the bench, easy matter to divert him from his purpose. strange to say, by the consent and even the entreaties cordingly gave in his resignation to the King, which of both parties. He had not been long raised to this his Majesty was very unwilling to accept, wishing him high station when he was elected a member of parlia- to continue in his situation, and to do only what business ment, and in co-operation with others, he exerted the state of his health would allow. Hale, however, himself to put an end to the agitated state of the would not agree to this, but told the King that country, and arrange public matters, which were then in could not with a good conscience continue in it, since a state of great confusion. Soon after this he was he was no longer able to discharge the duty belonging raised to the high station of Lord Chief-Baron of to it.” The King, however, anxious to retain his valu. England, as being the most honest and straight for- able services as long as he could, delayed for some time ward man that could be found to discharge the duties the granting of his request. At length, wearied with of that office. When raised to this situation it was the burden of duties, which he was unable to perform, customary for the individual to be knighted, an he surrendered to the King in person, who was pleased honour which Hale desired to avoid, but which was to dismiss him with great grace, and to promise the unexpectedly conferred at an accidental meeting with continuance of his pension during life. He accepted, the King at the house of the Lord Chancellor. He though with reluctance, the kind offer, but such was continued to occupy the prominent station of Lord his disinterestedness, that he laid out the greater part of Chief-Baron for eleven years, and gave to all concerned it in charitable purposes. Glad to be relieved from the utmost satisfaction,—by his justice, his generosity, the duties and the responsibility of his office, he retired and his diligence. The only complaint that was ever from public life with as much cheerfulness as his infirmade against him was, that he did not dispatch his busi- mities would permit. He was discharged on the 15th ness quickly enough, but this was necessarily incident of February 1676, at which time the state of his health on the extreme care which he took, that all the cases was so bad that no hopes were entertained of his rebrought before him should be finally settled; for the covery. He continued still, however, to retire to his causes which were tried by him were seldom, if ever, tried closet, there to hold sweet communion with his God; again. He administered justice uprightly, deliberately, and when at length he became so weak as not to be able and at the same time resolutely, not resting upon his to go thither himself, he caused his servants to carry own understanding or strength, but imploring and rest- him there in a chair. As the winter drew near, he saw ing upon the direction and strength of God. All his with great joy his deliverance approaching, for he longed other thoughts and cares were laid aside, and he was to be admitted into those realms of bliss, where pains wholly intent upon his business. In trials for capital and sorrows are no longer felt. He looked not upon crimes, it was his rule, though his nature prompted him death as an enemy, but like a good soldier, wearied and to pity, yet to consider, that there is also a pity due to worn by many an arduous conflict, he looked forward his country. He was neither biassed by compassion for with joy to the hour of his dismissal. “ His pains so inthe poor, nor favour to the rich, and never cared for the creased on him,” says his biographer, “ that no patience opinions of men, but followed simply the rules of justice. inferior to his could have borne them without a great
It not unfrequently happened when any particular uneasiness of mind; yet be expressed to the last such case was to be tried, that the parties concerned sent submission to the will of God, and so equal a temper him presents, endeavouring, if possible, to gain his fa- under them, that it was visible then what mighty effects
But, the Lord Chief-Baron bad learned from his philosophy and Christianity had on him in supportSolomon, that a gift perverteth the ways of judg- ing him under such a heavy load.” During bis sickness ment,” and never allowed the trial to proceed until he he was attended by a pious clergyman, and it was ohhad paid for the presents.
served, that when his pain was even excruciating, if When he looked around him and saw the awful wick- this gentleman was engaged in prayer, he forbore all edness of the age and country in which he lived, when groans, and, with his hands and eyes lifted up, was he beheld the extreme impiety and atheism of his fellow- fixed in his devotions. “ Not long before his death the
minister told him there was to be a sacrament next the tenth part of his income for behoof of the poor, and Sunday at church, but he believed he could not come took great care to be well informed of proper objects and partake with the rest ; therefore he would give it for his charities. After he was made a judge, he sent him in his own house. But he answered, No; his the greater part of his perquisites to the jails to disheavenly Father had prepared a feast for him, and he charge poor prisoners, who never knew from whose would go to his Father's house to partake of it. So beneficent hands their relief came. The following exhe made himself be carried thither in his chair, where he tract from his Life, by Dr Burnet, places his charity in a received the sacrament on his knees with great devotion, very favourable light:-“ He usually invited his poor which it may be supposed was the greater, because he neighbours to dine with him, and made them sit at table apprehended it was to be his last, and so took it as his with himself; and if any of them were sick, so that provision for his journey.”
they could not come, he would send meat warm to At length worn out by the severity of his sufferings, them from his table. And he did not only relieve the on Christmas day 1676, he yielded up his spirit to God poor in his own parish, but sent supplies to the neighwho gave it. He remained in full possession of his fa- | bouring parishes as there was occasion for it; and he culties to the last moment-a privilege which he had treated them all with the tenderness and familiarity frequently and earnestly prayed for during his sickness. that became one who considered they were of the same Immediately before his death, according to the account nature with himself, and were reduced to no other neof Burnet, “ when his voice was so sunk that he could cessities but such as he himself might be brought to. not be heard, they perceived by the almost constant But for common beggars, if any of these came to him lifting up of his eyes and hands, that he was still aspir- as he was in his walks, when he lived in the country, ing towards that blessed state, of which he was now he often sent them to some field to gather all the stones speedily to be possessed. His end was peace—he had in it and lay them on a heap, and then would pay them no struggling, nor seemed to be in any pangs in his last liberally for their pains. This being done, he used to moments.
send his carts, and caused them to be carried to such The character of Sir Matthew Hale, as a judge, was places of the highway as needed mending. splendidly pre-eminent. His learning was profound, “ But when he was in town, he dealt his charities his patience unconquerable, his integrity stainless, “his very liberally, even among the street-beggars; and when voice was oracular, and his person little less than ador- some told him that he thereby encouraged idleness, and ed.” But instead of contemplating his character as a that most of these were notorious cheats, he used to scholar and a man of business, be ours the more agree-answer, that he believed most of them were such, but able and instructive task of endeavouring to convey to among them there were some that were great objects of our readers some idea of his character as a Christian. charity, and prest with grievous necessities; and that
He was a devout believer and a sincere Protestant ; he had rather give his alms to twenty who might be tolerant to all, and just to those from whom he differed perhaps rogues, than that one of the other sort should on the most essential points. In his family he constant- perish for want of that small relief which he gave ly kept up the practice of family worship, performing it them.” always himself, unless there was a clergyman present.
After he was made a judge, so much afraid was he On the Lord's day, it was his custom to call all his of being suspected to be partial, that in all his purfaznily together, and repeat to them the leading particu-chases he insisted upon paying more than was demandlars of the sermon which they had heard, with some ed.--On being told that he seemed to make ill baradditions of his own, which he fitted for the capacities gains, he replied, “ it became judges to pay more for of all. Of his private exercises in devotion we cannot what they bought than the true value, that so those speak, for he took such extraordinary care to keep what with whom they dealt might not think they had any he did secret, that this part of his character must be right to their favour, by having sold such things to defective, “ except,” as Burnet remarks, “ it be ac- them at an easy rate.' knowledged, that his humility in covering it commends He was naturally passionate, but so careful was he hin much more than the highest expressions of devo
to subdue all feelings of the kind, that those who were tion could have done.” Money had no attractions for most intimate with him, and had lived in his house, him, but as being the means of subsistence and of doing never saw him indulge in anger amid all the trials hé good. “ He had a soul enlarged and raised above that met with. “ There was one who did him a great inmean appetite of loving money, which is generally the jury, which it is not necessary to mention, who coming root of all evil. He did not take the profits that he afterwards to him for his advice in the settlement of might have had by his practice ; for in common cases, his estate, he gave it very frankly to him, but would when those who came to ask his counsel gave him a accept of no fee for it, and thereby shewed that he piece, be used to give back the half, and so made ten could forgive as a Christian. And when he was asked shillings his fee in ordinary matters that did not require by one, how he could use a man so kindly that had much time or study. If he saw a cause was unjust, he wronged him so much, his answer was, he thanked God for a great while would not meddle further in it, but to he had learned to forget injuries.” give his advice that it was so. If the parties after that He was always kind to his clerks and servants, and would go on, they were to seek another counsellor, for endeavoured rather to reclaim than dismiss them for he would assist none in acts of injustice. If he found any trivial offence. When any of them had committed the cause doubtful or weak in point of law, he always faults, he never reproved them until some time after, advised his clients to agree their business.
lest when his displeasure was great, he might have chid Failings he had, like every man, but his seem always them too harshly; and when he did reprove them, he to have leaned to virtue's side. In many cases he re
did it with such sweetness and gravity, that it appeared fused to take any remuneration, where he might have he was more concerned for their having been guilty of exacted a fee with the utmost propriety. When a prac
a fault than for the offence done to himself. When, as titioner, differences were often referred to him, which a judge, it was his duty to pass sentence upon the conhe settled, but would not accept of any reward. If victed, “ he did it with such composedness and seriousthey told him he lost much of his time in considering ness, and his speeches to the prisoners, directing them their business, and ought therefore to be paid accord- to prepare for death, were so weighty, so free of all inzly, his answer was, “ Can I spend my time better affectation, and so serious and devout, that many loved than to make people friends? must I have no time al- to go to the trials, when he sat as judge, to be edified lowed me to do good in ?" Charity was one of the by his speeches and behaviour to thein, and used to say, distinguishing features of his characier. Ile laid aside they hcard very few such sermons.”