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according to Christ's appointment it be shewn forth in

DISCOURSE. both kinds, namely, in bread and wine.” Winram im

By The Rev. ROBERT GORDON, D. D., mediately returned to the bishops, and, with a view of conciliating them, informed them that the prisoner so- One of the Ministers of the High Church, Edinburgh. lemnly aflirmed his innocence of the crimes with which

“ Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without he was charged, and that he did not say so to avert

which no man shall see the Lord.”_HEB, xü. 14. his impending death, but only to leave a testimony to man of that innocence which was known to God. The | The duties prescribed in this verse are at all effect, however, was quite opp site : the Cardinal times necessary, and therefore it is at all times sea(Beaton) intlamed with rage, exclaimed, As for you, sonable to inculcate them. There was, however, Nír Sub-Prior, we know very well already what you are." Winram then asked whether the prisoner would

a peculiar propriety in urging them upon the Hebe allowed the communion of the holy body and blood brews, especially in the circumstances in which of the Saviour ? when the other priests, after having they were then placed. It appears from various consulted a little together, gave it as their opinion, notices in the New Testament, that the Jews, " that it did not appear proper that an obstinate here notwithstanding the reverses which, as a nation, privileges.” This determination was reported to Wish they had sustained, and the degradation to which art ; and it does not appear that he saw Mr Winram they had been reduced, still cherished an overagain. At nine o'clock the friends and domestics of the weening idea of their own superiority, regarding governor having assembled to breakfast, he was asked themselves as the special objects of the Divine whether he would partake with them; to which he favour, and conceiving that they were entitled to frankly replied, “ with more pleasure than I have done look on other men with contempt. Of those for some time past, for I perceive you are devout men, and fellow-members of the same body of Christ with among them who did not believe the gospel, we me, and also because I know this will be the last food find the apostle thus speaking in his Epistle to I shall partake of on earth.” Then addressing the go

the Thessalonians :—“ They both killed the Lord vernor, “ I invite you, in the name of God, and by that Jesus and their own prophets, and have persecutlove which you bear to our Lord and Saviour Jesus ed us; and they please not God, and are contrary Christ, to sit down at this table a little, and attend to

to all men : forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles me while I address an exhortation to you, and pray over the bread which we are about to eat, as brethren, of notable example is recorded in Paul's own history:

that they might be saved.” Of this spirit a very Christ; and then I shall bid you farewell.” meantime the table being covered, as is the custom, for on a certain occasion, when he addressed his with a linen cloth, and bread placed upon it, Wishart countrymen in Jerusalem, detailing to them the began a short and clear discourse upon the Last Supper, circumstances of his conversion to the faith of the and the sufferings and death of Christ, and spoke about gospel, and giving an account of the apostolic half an hour; he especially exhorted them to lay aside commission which he received from the Lord wrath, envy, and malice, that their minds might be filled with love one to another, and so become perfect Jesus, who said to him, “ depart: for I will send members of Christ, who daily intercedes that we through thee far hence unto the Gentiles ;" we are told lim, our sacrifice, may obtain eternal life. Having that “they gave him audience unto this word, and spoken to this effect, he gave God thanks, and broke then lifted up their voices and said, away with such the bread, and gave a little to each, and in like manner a fellow from the earth: for it is not fit that he should he gave the wine, after he himself had tasted, entreat

live.” And even with regard to those who did being them to remember, in this sacrament, along with him, the last memorial

' of Christ's death ; but for him- lieve the gospel, they were so zealous of the law, self, a more bitter cup was prepared, for no other rea

that they seemed to think none should be admitted son than preaching the gospel. After this he again re- to the privileges of the gospel without being retired to his chamber, and finished his own private de-quired at the same time to observe the institutions votions.

of Moses. In so far, then, as the Hebrews might Probably since the first institution of the Supper, it be under the influence of such prejudices and prehas seldom been celebrated under circumstances more possessions, they wouia de in danger of giving solemn and affecting. Wishart was a man of the most way to a contentious spirit ; and if they did so, mild and amiable temper, of a sweet and venerable ap- surrounded as they were by enemies who waited pearance, and his manners are said to have been parti- for their halting, they would not only give increascularly engaging. He had been a kind of inmate in the ed bitterness to the hatred and opposition of gaingovernor's family for nearly two months, and during that time seems to have conciliated the affections of his sayers, but bring discredit on the faith which they keeper and attendants, the most of whom were, pro- professed, by giving the adversaries occasion to bably through his means, become “ partakers of like speak reproachfully. And in like manner, they precious faith,” as he addressed them, upon this occa- might stand in need of being especially reminded sion, as persons whom he knew to be fellow-members of the necessity of personal holiness. It is wellof the same body of Christ. In less than three hours he was to stand in the presence of that God and Saviour known, that their unbelieving countrymen looked whose dying love they were commemorating, and to be upon themselves as a holy people, in virtue of honoured, to glorify his name, by passing through the their descent from Abraham, and their separation Hames to heaven. With what energy would be address from the rest of the world by their being in posthem,—with what reverential attention would they session of a Divine revelation, and a divinely inlisten! Scarcely can a scene of deeper interest be ima- stituted form of worship; and that, resting in their gined, excepting, perhaps, some which followed, when, distinctive privileges, they were disposed to sub-“ Leaning on his spear, .

stitute this, what they considered hereditary boliThe lyart vct'ran heard the word of God."

I ness, for that purity of heart and life which it was

the great end of all their privileges to produce. spirit, to plead that they have sustained injury, If, then, the Hebrew Christians, previously to and it may be at the hands of men who make no their conversion to the faith of the gospel, had profession of Christianity ; still if they did but rebeen accustomed to cherish the same delusion, Aect on the forbearance and long-suffering patience they might still require to be warned against it; with which God endured their innumerable provood there was therefore a peculiar force and pro- cations ; they could not fail to be humbled by the priety in the apostle's admonition as addressed to melancholy contrast between the mercy which had Lis countrymen, “ Follow peace with all men, and forgiven them ten thousand talents, and their unboliness, without which no man shall see the Lord.” willingness to remit to an offending fellow-creature

But the precept, as we have already remarked, his hundred pence. is at all times a most important one, and can But the precept in the text goes much farnerer therefore he unseasonably urged. In Old ther than merely to inculcate a sort of passive Testament prophecy, Christ was foretold as the avoidance of giving offence—a meek and patient • Prince of Peace,” in “ whose days the right- endurance even of unprovoked injuries, rather Focs should flourish, and abundance of peace so than being the cause of dissension or discord. Long as the moon endureth ;” and when the fulness We are required to “ follow peace with all men,” of time was come, his birth was announced as or, as it is elsewhere expressed in Scripture, “ to * peace on earth, and good will towards men.” In seek peace and ensue it”—to follow it as a thing fact, peace is frequently used in Scripture to ex- which is not easily attained, and which we are ever press every thing that is comprehended in Christ's in danger of losing. And did men really act in salvation. When, by his death, he bore the pe- the spirit of this precept—were they so deeply and nalty of our offences, made reconciliation for ini- so habitually affected with a sense of their own quity, and opened up a new and living way of ac- obligations to God's forgiving mercy, as to feel cess to God; it is said that he made peace for us that it is the true honour and dignity of their naby the blood of his cross. When, through faith in ture to imitate his forbearance and compassionthis atonement, our reconciliation to God becomes and had they such a lively anticipation of the holy a matter of experience; the blessed fruits of our and blessed society to which they hope hereafter justification or acceptance with him, are represent to be united, as to awaken and keep alive in ed as consisting of “ peace and joy in believing,”- their minds, an ardent desire to see something o even “the peace of God that passeth all understand the same love and harmony characterising maning." And the ultimate design of all this is de- kind on earth: What a different aspeci would clared to be, that by the indwelling of the spirit in professedly christian communities exhibit, from our hearts, we may be united to Christ and to one what, I fear, they but too frequently present ! another in the bonds of love and affection, as mem- How often would they suppress those angry feelbers of the same spiritual body, children of the ings with which they are so prone to resent a real same family, and heirs of the same heavenly inhe or supposed injury! How easily would they be ritance ; and that being thus made perfect in one, brought to an amicable adjustment of differences, we may, by our example and our influence, diffuse which too often terminate in irreconcileable quaramong men that peace which Christ came to pro- rels? How cheerfully would they at times sacricure and to publish. And if it be the great de- fice something of their worldly interest, rather sign of the gospel thus to give us peace with God, than give occasion to a dispute, the consequences with ourselves, and with one another, then the of which, it may be impossible to foresee! And gospel is practically known and felt, only in so far in how many instances might they not succeed, as it has produced this effect: and professing Chris- even in disarming the opposition of gainsayers, tians cannot more palpably belie their principles, and constraining them to acknowledge that the than by cherishing an angry, contentious, or vin- tendency of the gospel is as happy as it is holy ! dictive spirit. Did they regard one another as all this, it is true, implies a degree of humility, children of the same Heavenly Father, and did self-denial, and regard for the interests of others, they really hope to spend together an eternity of which, it is to be feared, is not frequently exemholy fellowship with God; it were impossible that plified; and would lead to a line of conduct, they could give way to such a spirit without feel- which, in many cases, might be esteemed too ins, on serious reflection, that they had betrayed humbling to be reasonably required or expected. and brought discredit on the cause which ought to The objection, however, is the dictate of pride ; be dearer to them than life : for however little un- for whatever may be the maxims and opinions of sodiy men may know, or be able to conceive of the world on the subject, the most honourable the comforting, elevating, and purifying influence and becoming course is that which the apostle has of the Gospel, they are quick-sighted enough to prescribed :—" Dearly beloved, avenge not yourperceive the revolting inconsistency of men who selves, but rather give place unto wrath, for it is profess to be pilgrims on the earth, and fellow- written, · Vengeance is mine : I will repay, saith travellers towards a better, even a heavenly coun- the Lord.' Therefore if thine enemy hunger feed try, “ falling out by the way,” or, in the emphatic him ; if he thirst give him drink : for in so doing language of the apostle, “ biting and devouring thou shalt heap coals of fire upon his head. Be not one another.” And even though Christians may overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.” be able, in justification of an angry and irritable Is the apostle's precept then to be understood

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in an absolute and unqualified sense? Does it re- point of fact the guilty passions of men have often quire us at any expense to follow peace with all converted the Gospel of Peace into an occasion of men? In reply' to this question, I would refer to animosity and strife. And all this was foretold the same precept as it is elsewhere stated in Scrip- by our Lord himself; for we find him, on a certure, when the apostle says to the Romans, “ Iftain occasion, saying to his disciples, “ Suppose it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peace- ye that I am come to give peace on earth ? I tell ably with all men.” The injunction as thus ex- you, nay; but rather division : for from hencepressed, obviously assumes, that there may be forth there shall be five in one house divided, three cases in which it is not possible for Christians to against two, and two against three.” Christians, live in peace with all men ; and every one who then, are neither required nor permitted to follow knows any thing of the world or of the Christian peace with all men, at the expense of compromiswarfare, must know that such cases do frequently ing any Christian principle, or relinquishing any occur—cases in which peace can be attained, only Christian duty : for whatever quietness they might in a way in which it must not be followed. The thereby secure, they would only be contributing to Christian, for example, may be brought into con- the temporary and deceitful stillness of spiritual nexion with men who will not permit him peace- death—leaving men undisturbed in the fatal indulably to maintain his religious profession—men gence of sin. Holiness, in the Scripture acceptawho will take offence at many things in his cha- tion of the term, will always be offensive to ungodly racter and conduct, which they feel to be a silent men—for besides comprehending in it the practice reproof of their own—and who will not be back of all those virtues, and the faithful discharge of ward, therefore, to manifest their dislike in such a all those duties, which are essential to the ternporal way as may be sufficiently annoying to put his well-being of society, and which most men, therestedfastness to a severe trial. There is reason to fore, are able in some measure to appreciate, and believe, that in all ranks of society, the young disposed to approve,—it implies also such a devont especially are frequently exposed to such a temp- sense of the Divine presence—such a reverential tation ; and that no efforts on their part will be regard for the Divine law—and such a spiritual successful in disarming the opposition of such tone of mind and character, as cannot fail to lead gainsayers, unless they consent to abate somewhat those who witness it to think more frequently and of their rigorous adherence to Christian principle, more solemnly of God and of eternal things than it

may be, run into a participation with them they feel it agreeable or easy to do. But, however in their unholy practices. It is plain, however, offensive it may be, no part of Christian holiness that peace is not to be purchased at such a price : must be left uncultivated. Till we are brought and our text plainly intimates that it is not ; for into a state of entire conformity to the Divine while the apostle admonishes Christians “ ear- image, we cannot be in a state of preparedness for nestly to follow peace with all men,” he adds, the full enjoyment of the Divine presence: and if “ and holiness, without which no man shall see we are not now in the way of being transformed into the Lord.” It is evident, indeed, in the case of this likeness—if we are not conscious of a growing the Hebrews, that without this qualification, the capacity for spiritual enjoyment, even delighting command to follow peace with all men must have ourselves in God—but if, on the contrary, we feel led to an open renunciation of their christian pro- aversion to that spirituality of character, which the fession ; inasmuch as nothing short of this could Scriptures do everywhere ascribe to the saints, then have disarmed the opposition of unbelieving and what is the blessedness to which we professedly look ungodly men, at whose hands they had already forward in another world ? If here we can see nosuffered bitter persecution, and endured a great thing to admire in the Divine character, as revealed fight of afflictions. But in fact, the peace here in to us in Scripture, or in the Divine image, as it is culcated, is itself a branch of that holiness, “ with partially reflected in our fellow-men—and if now out which no man shall see the Lord;" for inasmuch we can find no gratification or delight in holding as it implies on the part of those who follow it, for- fellowship with God; it is obvious that a more bearance, compassion, and affectionate concern for vivid manifestation of his perfections, and a nearer the well-being of others, it is that in which they do approach to his presence, such as the Scriptures most clearly reflect the image of their Divine Mas- represent heaven to be, would only prove infinitely ter--of Hiin,“ who patiently endured such contra- more distasteful to us : and it follows, therefore, diction of sinners against himself”_"who, when he from the very nature of things, what is here anwas reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he nounced as the unalterable ordination of God, that threatened not ; but committed hiinself to him “ without holiness no man shall see the Lord.” that judgeth righteously.” But this very holiness,

MISSIONS. so far from securing for Christians peace and goodwill with all men, may sometimes be the rery | The advantages which the Christian mind derives from

BY THE REV. ROBERT M'CHEYNE. means of rendering them objects of suspicion and

a constant intercourse with Missionary subjects, are secret dislike, if not of open hatred : for though our Lord's birth was announced as peace on earth

very many and very great. and good will to men—and though the tendency

1. A spirit of intercession in behalf of the heathen is

encouraged. of every thing in his life and doctrine was to re

It was “ when Jesus saw the multitudes that he was concile them to God and to one another, yet in moved with compassion, and bade his disciples pray the

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Lord of the harvest to send fortą labourers into his , the more it is conversant with its object; increase ou harvest." (Matt. ix. 36.) This shews how completely appetite seems to grow by what it feeds on; and the Ile Son of God was also the son of man, for with us it sure effect of increasing and abounding love toward all is always the sight of the object that calls forth the men, is a surer establishment in personal holiness. enotion. We come_we see—we are conquered. It (1 Thess. ii. 12, 13.) The very effort of sending a

“ when Paul saw the city wholly given to idolatry man to convert others, makes us ask the question, “ Am that his spirit was stirred in him.” (Acts, xvii. 16.) I myself converted ?” The very sight of so many milThe eye affected the heart. Just so will it be with lions left in ignorance of “ the only name whereby we every Christian mind. Set him down, like Buchanan, may be saved," whilst we have heard it from our inaucong the myriads that shout around the car of Jugger- fancy, overpowers the believing mind with an abiding bant; or, like Gutzlaff, among the more civilized idola- sense of the sovereignty of God, and the freeness of his 603 of China,—the man who is the follower of Paul, electing love. Privileges are used more ardently,– as he was of Christ, will be “stirred in spirit,” and thanksgivings are offered more feelingly,_“What have " nored with compassion,” and one vent of the full I that I did not receive,” is graven more durably upon heart will be in prayer to the Lord of the harvest. But the heart. And if God does bless the efforts of our we who sit at home cannot see the spirit-stirring sight, Missionaries, how is every grace of the new nature me are cut off from this blessed influence to drive us to

stirred into a burning flame! When the Greenlander, our knees. Nor can any written information wholly the lindoo, or the Chinese becomes a believer in make up this deficiency. The hearing of the ear will Jesus,—when the same gracious feelings which sparknerer produce so powerful an effect as the seeing with led in our bosoms “ when first we saw the Lord,”the eye. Yet, in the absence of the greater influence, have evidently got possession of these barbarian souls, how dare we neglect to use the less ? When we can

-when we can trace a kindredness of sentiment and not see, how dare we refuse to hear ? If we live in affection,—a oneness of spirit with these last of men,ignorance of the state of the heathen world, how can

then we remember that it is written, we being many, we pray intelligently on its behalf? If we content our

are one body in Christ, and every one members one of selves with general notions of its idolatries, and barba- another.” Our lagging faith is by sympathy quickened rities, and struggles against the Light, shall not our pe

into active exercise. The flame of our “ first love" is titions be general, unfervent, and ineffectual ? On the rekindled, and we hasten to “do the first works." prayers of the children of God depends the coming of III. Intercourse with Missionary subjects makes us the kingdom and the conversion of the heathen, as it

watch more anxiously the coming of the kingdom. is said in the 2d Psalm, “ Ask of me.” Should not “ When the world shall say peace and safety, then every child of God then bring himself under those in- sudden destruction cometh upon them.” To them " the tuences which shall bind him to intelligent, fervent, ef- day of the Lord cometh as a thief in the night.” But fectual prayer on this behalf. Ccme, then, true child the children of God " are not in darkness that that day of God, who art bound to the service of Christ in thy should overtake them as a thief.” Does not this Bible native soil, come and let us gather from the records of truth imply that the saints are watchful and intelligent faithful men who have jeoparded their lives in the high as to the signs of the times ? And is not the state of places of heathenism, food for meditation, and incite- the Jewish and heathen world the very page to which ment to prayer. Let us give ear to these spies of the we must chiefly look for signs of the latter day glory? land of darkness, that when they tell us of some spot When the branch of the fig-tree is yet tender and where grace is beginning to drop from above “like the putteth forth leaves, we know that summer is nigh." first of a thunder shower,” our prayers, mingled with So likewise shall there be infallible signs of the coming thanksgivings, may arise with interest and intelligence of the season when the Beloved shall speak and say on this special bebalf: or, when they tell us of some unto his bride, “ Rise up my love, my fair one, and stronghold of Satan, fortified on every side by the triple come away. For lo the winter is past, the rain is over brass of superstition, self-righteousness, and lust, our and gone." These buddings and premonitions of the united cry may ascend into the ears of the Lord God of coming summer of our world, none of the wicked Sabaoth,-“ Have respect unto the covenant, for the shall understand, but the wise shall understand.” And dark places of the earth are full of the habitations of why? Just because “ the wise," the taught of God, cruelty."

are not fools nor slow of heart to believe all that is II. Intercourse with Missionary subjects helps forward written concerning the coming of the kingdom of Jesus; personal holiness.

and they are on the watch for the first vibrations of that We find in 1 Thess. ii. 16, that " forbidding the shaking of the earth and the heavens that shall usher in preaching of the word to the Gentiles,” was looked the kingdom “ that cannot be moved.” Where is the upon by God as the filling up the cup of sins,—the intelligent child of God who is not even now looking with crowning transgression of the Jewish people ; and con- most intense interest upon the movements now making versely, the bidding and enabling faithful men to preach in Hindostan, and upon the strange spirit of enquiry that the word to the Gentiles, is one of the essential virtues within these few years has caused such a shaking in of the child of God. And if it be a good and gracious the Jewish community, like the shaking of the dry thing to send grace, it is but the continuation of this bones in the open valley? As upon the first streaks of grace to look after them,--to sympathise with their the eastern sky before the breaking of the day,—the difficulties and encouragements,—to weep with them day when “ the fulness of the Gentiles being come in, when they weep over obstinate sinners,-to rejoice with all Israel shall be saved,"—the day when the whole them and the angels, when they rejoice over one sin- temple being completed, of which Christ is the foundaner that repenteth. But love incrcases and abounds, | tion-stone, corner-stone, and top-stone,—the Lord skali

fierce rays

“ be glorified in his saints, and admired in all them | north to south, cannot be traversed in less than about that believe.”

forty days; and it is so wild and desolate a region, that Child of God, sleep not thou as do others, but having it seems to have been doomed by the Creator to the thine own heart established with grace, be ever moving extent of it not a blade of verdure is to be seen, nor

curse of perpetual sterility. Throughout the whole the anxious question, “ Watchman, what of the night ? the voice of living thing to be heard, and but for a few watchman, what of the night?” And then shall the hardy plants—the tamarind and acacia, which here and answer be returned to thee,-" The morning cometh!" there strike their roots into the clefts of the rocks, and

nourished by the dews of night, waste their sweetISHMAEL IN THE DESERT.*

ness on the desert air”-there would be nothing to dis

pel the feeling which this dismal scene strongly produces, BY THE Rev. ROBERT JAMIESON,

that here was a region where nature was wholly dead. Minister of Westruther.

Vain is the hope of the traveller, that, the first dreary The story of the young and adventurous Ishmael forms spots being passed, his eye may yet rest on some oasis,

his panting frame be refreshed under some grateful an episode in patriachal history full of interest, on account of the disastrous circumstances with which it shade, and he may arrive at some stage where the peoopens, and of its exhibiting in the character and habits pled city or village will remunerate his toils with the of that wayward youth, the germ of a mode of life, night, he prosecutes his irksome journey, while nothing

pleasures of society. From day to day, from morn to whose wild and irregular feelings are still indelibly im- is seen but the same tedious monotony,—nothing but pressed on one of the most singular people that have existed in the world. Of the various misfortunes, how the frightful precipices and the bright sand, which the

of a vertical sun are scorching. ever, that clouded his early days, it does not fall within our province to speak; and, accordingly, we hasten to

“There no spring in murmurs breaks away,

Or moss-grown fountains mitigate the day; consider him in the situation of an outcast from his In vain he hopes the green delights to know, father's tent, and wandering in the neighbouring wil- Which plains more blessed or verdant vales bestow;

There rocks alone, or tasteless sands are found, derness of Beershcba. For whatever reason he had

And faint and sickly winds for ever howl around." repaired to that desolate region whether he chose it as the nearest route to Egypt for his mother, who was going to seek in her own country, and among her kin- The springs are but few and scanty all over the desert, dred, for the asylum which the jealousy of her mistress in that part especially where Ishmael wandered, a traveldenied her,-or whether his proud spirit had resolved ler who crossed it having found only four in the space to bury its cares and disappointments in the depths of of a hundred and fifteen miles, situated at the distance that boundless solitude, he had scarcely planted his of four, six, and even eight days' journey from each footsteps within its border, when he was overtaken by other; and, besides the danger of missing them, always one of those disasters so common to those who attempt liable to happen in a trackless solitude, but particularly to explore the secrets of the Desert. It is impossible to so in the wilderness of Paran, which in many places is read the simple and graphic narrative of the sacred his full of rugged and precipitous cliffs, around the base of torian without emotions of the liveliest synpathy in which the traveller has to seek his way; it may happen, behalf both of the youthful sufferer, whom a burning that after the greatest exertions have been made to reach thirst was threatening with a premature and excruciat, these springs, they are found entirely choked with the ing death, and of the distracted mother, who, wrapped moving sand, or that they prove, to the mortification up in the fate of her son, appeared totally insensible to of the luckless traveller, so impregnated with brackish the misery of her own situation, alone and without hope qualities, from the beds of sulphur or salt over which in an inhospitable wild. But, perhaps, of those who give they roll, as to increase, instead of allaying, his already the tribute of their generous pity to the affecting tale of insufferable intensity of thirst. And then follows a scene Ishmael's distress, few are aware of the real extent of of the most dreadful and protracted sufferings which a a calamity altogether unknown in a temperate climate, human being can experience. The burning thirst, renor can picture to themselves how severe must have been dered more violent by the fierce heat of the glowing the privation that prostrated the spirit and energies of a firmament and the fiery sand, produces an intense agony youth of seventeen, whose bardy frame and intrepid in every part of the frame, and the dry and contracted character soon after made him the first among the stir-feeling of the skin, the eyes appearing like balls of coring spirits of the place. We are so accustomed to the agulated blood, the unnatural swelling and hardness of influence of a humid atmosphere, and a sky tempered the tongue and lips, increasing difficulty of seeing and by the friendly interposition of clouds,--to perpetual hearing, the total loss of speech, together with the most verdure smiling on the mountains and valleys, and rivers painful sensations in the throat; all these, which are disfusing their watery treasures by a thousand channels, invariable consequences of unalleviated thirst, indicate a and forining essential elements of every landscape, that universal derangement the bodily system, produce we find it difficult to entertain the idea of a scene so langour and insensibility, and at last bring the unhappy fearfully wild as to be destitute of every one of these sufferer, after many a struggle, to drop on the ground, natural features, or to conceive the dreadful state to happy if, like Ishmael, he can purchase a brief respite which the want of them-especially the want of the from his misery, by sheltering his scorched head under common article of water-often reduces the unfortunate one of the dwarfish acacias that are strewed around." people who chance to be placed in a situation so unpro- In such circumstances, it is said that five hundred dolpitious. This, however, was precisely the character lars have been given for a draught of water. But, in of the dreary solitude whose want of resources had so general, where one is placed in such extremities, all nearly proved fatal to Ishmael. The wilderness of who are with him are, more or less, in a similar state Beersheba, or Shur, lying at the north-eastern extre- of distress; and then no bribe, however great, no en. mity of the Red Sea, and forming the northern part of the great Arabian Desert, is, according to the testimony # Thevenot found a person in precisely the same circumstances as of those who have crossed it, a vast expanse of unin.


Ishmael, having, in his agony, thrust his panting head under a small

bush, to smell any damp that might be there. These small bushes habited country, which, by the straightest route from were probably the very cause of Ishmael and his mother not being

able to see the well which was so near him. Mr Cainpbell was once This beautiful illustration of Sacred Scripture is extracted from in this predicament. Having travelled the whole day without water, an interesting work recently published, under the name of “ Eastern and halted about sunset in great distress from thirst, he found in the Mariners; illustrative of Old Testament History." Edinburgh : morning that he had been spending the night within a few yards of Oliphant and Son, 1836,

an abundant supply of the precious duid.


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